Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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2answers
182 views

What's the difference between それならいい and それならいいんですが [duplicate]

What is the difference between それならいい and それならいいんですが? I'm guessing that the んですが implies some sort of unsaid reservation or concern.
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1answer
155 views

もらわれていくの grammar

I have problem understanding grammar in this sentence: アニー、もらわれていくのがいやになったの。。。 Could you help to translate it and give links to grammar?
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1answer
139 views

Is this sentence correct? [closed]

Would u please test this sentence for me? '図書館でいお(ro)いろな教室でできないことができる' some of my mates said it is wrong while some said it is right
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1answer
222 views

Meaning 良しとしましょう?

良しとしましょう I'm confused. What that mean?
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3answers
712 views

What words/structures indicate an argument? (e.g. Therefore, as a result, there's strong reason to believe (x) , etc.) [closed]

To me, once of the most important parts of learning a language is the ability to read the implied message behind someone's words, and part of that is knowing when they're making a point and they're ...
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2answers
250 views

What does “僕の分も君が振ってくれ。” mean?

The title is self explanatory. I don't seem to understand this sentence as a whole. Can somebody please explain this word by word for me? Also what form is "振ってくれ" in? "振る" in this context means "to ...
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1answer
255 views

Can “suru” be also added to japanese verbs?

I thought that "suru" was used with english verbs to create japanese verbs (ie ドライブする) or with japanese nouns to create japanese verbs (ie denwa suru 電話する) Can "suru" be also added to japanese ...
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1answer
71 views

ことが as an infinitive?

若い時にいい友達『を』作ることはとても大事だ。 “It is very important to make friends when one is young.” “To make” is not a noun, it's an infinitive. It should be “making friends” no? I understand that it turns the verb ...
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1answer
156 views

How does ことはあっても connect this otherwise 2 part sentence into one?

獄長:「な~に、馴れればここでの生活も満更ではないぞ。どうせシャバにいたところで他人様の迷惑になることはあっても役には立たないボンクラどもなんだからよ」 Warden: Once you're used to it, life here isn't too bad. Here you trouble only useless fools.... I would like to know a ...
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1answer
119 views

What does ぐいつ mean? [closed]

Can somebody help me, please?.
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1answer
67 views

I need some assistance with understanding これといった in the following sentence

身体を起こし、手足がこれといった支障もなく動くのを確かめた。 This article says that これといった means the following. "Since 「これといった」 is always used in conjunction with a negative expression containing 「ない」, the basic idea of a ...
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1answer
96 views

What does 声かけをしてくれ mean?

The sentence in question: 看護婦さんたちがたくさん声かけをしてくれ、じゃあ会ってみようと。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 My attempt at translation: "The ...
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1answer
183 views

What is the meaning of まさか…お前が …喜べ

I read in a manga that a character said "...まさか...お前が", "...喜べ" does it make sense to add imperative form here or the 喜べ isn't connected to the omae ga
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1answer
88 views

Usage of なら in this context 俺相手なら なんでもいい みたいだった

俺相手なら なんでもいい みたいだった I am still learning Japanese so if my translation/understanding of this sentence is wrong please let me know, but I have translated part of this sentence to mean "seemed like ...
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1answer
133 views

The meaning of となった in this context

the meaning of となった in this context is not entirely clear for me. Help, onegai. 世界同時株安の発端となったニューヨーク株式市場は、11日も売り注文が続き、ダウ平均株価は一時、前日に比べて700ドル近く値下がりしました。
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1answer
136 views

How to translate “動いた拍子に” this?

For context this is the whole sentence. "動いた拍子に,立て掛けて置いた刀が倒れかけ慌てて押さえた.". "立て掛けて置いた刀が倒れかけ慌てて押さえた" I know that the gist of this part is that a sword was placed against something and fell over. But I ...
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1answer
120 views

What does the phrase 「学問に励む」 means in this sentence?

This is a quote from a book. 差が生まれるのは、学問に励んだのか励まなかったのか。そこに違いが生じてくる、と綴ってある。 What does 「学問に励む」 mean? Thank you.
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1answer
121 views

How do 勉強 and という in these sentences work

For full context: 外国人に日本語を教える人を「日本語の先生」と言います。 日本語が母語の子どもたちが学校で習うのは「国語」です。ですから、日本の学校で日本人に教える場合は、「国語の先生」と呼ばれます。 私は、日本語を学習している外国人に日本語を教える勉強をしているので、「日本語の先生」を目指していると言うことができます。 The sentence in question: ...
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1answer
245 views

Ask Japanese complicated passage [closed]

何か自分が望まないことを断るという状況を、セミナーなどで様々な方に実演してもらうことがあります。その時、訓練を受けていない人は9割方、『自分の利害の説明』から始めようとしがちです。 例えば、会社の利益になると思えない残業を命じられたり、法令や規則違反ギリギリの仕事を依頼されたりする場面で、ほとんどの人は『自分はそれをしたくない』とだけ言い張ったり、...
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1answer
145 views

How to break down the sentence この薬は世界で14万人に使うぐらい用意される予定です?

I've been looking at this sentence for a long time and can't get what the grammar tells me in this case. この薬は世界で14万人に使うぐらい用意される予定です Could someone break this sentence down for me? I appreciate your ...
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1answer
466 views

What would be the correct way to say “Moose” in Japanese? Ty in advance [closed]

I go by “Moose” as my online alias or online name in video games and have friends that call me moose as a nickname. I recently decided that I want to get a tattoo of the word “Moose” on my wrist but ...
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2answers
151 views

what does「デカいヤマをあてること」mean?

As someone with little to no knowledge on japanese, I've cracked my brain as to unfurl this passage's meaning. Here's the full sentence: 夢は「デカいヤマをあてること」 夢は roughly being "What's your dream?" or ...
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2answers
159 views

くれる: A verb of volition?

In this answer, user4092 raised the aspect of volition when using giving-and-receiving verbs. Curious to learn more, I did some research and found the following article: https://www.imabi.net/...
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1answer
169 views

What does としたほか mean in this context?

What does としたほか mean in this context? また、農産品については、TPP=環太平洋パートナーシップ協定など、過去の協定の水準を上回る関税の引き下げは行わないという日本の立場をアメリカが尊重するとしたほか、交渉中はアメリカによる自動車への追加関税の発動を回避することを確認したと述べました。
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1answer
68 views

何でもきいてください in an interview [closed]

I have a Question -> Response exercise in my textbook. The context is a job interview at a convenience store. The final question from the store manager is below and I think he/she is saying "Well then,...
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1answer
281 views

Subjunctive. Why 2 is correct [duplicate]

日本人は 旅行に___時 たくさん お土産 を買います。 1・ 行く 2・ 行った What is the correct answer?
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1answer
214 views

自分の小市民ぶり meaning [closed]

「―――いえ。 誰にも遠野くんは傷つけさせません。 それだけは信じてください」 ……というか、そんな事より旅費とかパスポートとかを心配してしまう自分の小市民ぶりが情けない。 I cannot understand the last sentence, especially 自分の小市民ぶりが情けない。 Can someone help?
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1answer
5k views

What's the meaning of nagara and when is it used?

I have been looking at grammar guides on the Internet. But I'm not clear about the meaning of ながら and its usage. Could you help me with some examples and explanation?
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1answer
413 views

男が空き缶などに入れた唾液を女子高生の制服や頭に直接かける

With the following sentence: 西東京市内では昨年12月〜今年2月、男が空き缶などに入れた唾液を女子高生の制服や頭に直接かける事件がほかに3件発生。 Does 空き缶などに入れた modify 唾液? Does it mean 唾液 was put in an empty can?
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1answer
77 views

What does ろくな mean here? And is こと a nominalizer here?

ほらなやっぱ他人と関わるとろくなことがねえ。 What does ろくなことがねえ。mean? And is こと a nominalizer here?
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1answer
69 views

Help a translating this phrase

I was reading a manga and the grammar of this phrase kinda confused me: 今日三条くんの会社からなかったことにしてくれって連絡あったらしくて。 For context, the character is saying this to a second character about a third character's ...
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2answers
456 views

ような in the sentence and how to use?

I'm having problem translating this sentence 正直な人が損をするようなことは、あってはいけない. and more importantly I want to know what ”ような” means exactly in this context, please give me a short example of ”ような” if ...
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1answer
847 views

What is the difference between 行くなら and 行けば [duplicate]

I came across this in a grammar textbook: シカゴへ行く(の)ならバスで行ったらどうですか What is the difference between 行く(の)なら and 行けば?
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2answers
640 views

に まで differences in usage with person or things

From what I understand に marks the destination of a verb, like まで。 僕が彼に愛を感じる   僕が彼まで愛を感じる Some explanation I find for に are: 1)に plainly wears many different hats, but I like to think of に as a ...
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1answer
330 views

Nakattan — what does n mean?

I've heard a few times a word "nakattan" with n at the end. I know what nakatta mean, what does N mean?
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1answer
748 views

Specifying Objects in Japanese

How do you say and write 'this is' and 'that is' in Japanese? Expanding on this, how would you say and write 'these are' and 'those are'? Around this topic, are there any male and female words in ...
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1answer
184 views

What's the function of ~には in 「おやには長生きしてもらいたいとおもう」?

おやには長生きしてもらいたいとおもう Please help understand the には construct. Is it a form of emphasis?
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1answer
934 views

Meaning of 伝わる and AよりもB, 温かい, and て-form+から+でも

I need help understanding some Japanese sentences. All the sentences are connected except the last one. 今も手紙はたまに書きますよ。 mailよりも気持ちが伝わるんです。 I know that the first sentence means "people also write ...
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1answer
150 views

In what context can kiniira mean 'pleased'?

I gave this sentence as an example before(どういう関係) 何か気に入られてる、みたいなんだけど But Jisho says it means 'pleased' and in english there's a difference between liking someone and being pleased with them so I'm ...
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1answer
715 views

What is the Little つ? What does it mean? [duplicate]

We have a school project for Japanese and we have to explain what Little つ means but I can't find the meaning of it anywhere and our teacher won't tell us what it is. Please help!
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2answers
233 views

What's the difference between あれ and 彼女?

Both words mean she, but what's the difference, how should I use them?
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1answer
450 views

Mapping 16 English tenses to Japanese tenses [closed]

I am really confused in digesting Japanese tenses while referring to English tenses in mind. Is there a list mapping each English tense to Japanese one? Please kindly also provide us with some ...
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2answers
184 views

what is this で in front of はなした doing?

In my textbook, there are instructions for a composition. These instructions are the following: こんど、国際交流協会で座談会があります。テーマは「文化や習慣の違い」です。 下のことについて、みんなで座談会の観衆尾をしましょう。 Then, a list of further specifying ...
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2answers
344 views

Difference between 守らせてあげる and 守ってあげる

What do both translate as and why? 守ってあげる is basically protecting something. The original was 約束守らせて上げられなくて御免なさい which I basically translated as, I am sorry that I couldn't (be made) to keep the ...
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1answer
763 views

No versus not in Japanese [closed]

Is there a difference between no versus not in japanese, or is it just always いいえ?
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1answer
51 views

こういうとき need help figuring out this word

Im seeing this word quite a lot through the video, but I cant figure out its meaning.
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1answer
67 views

What is the difference between しました and した

週末に何をしましたか。 Here what is the grammer of しましたか. Shouldn't it simply be したか, where した is the た format of する ?
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1answer
3k views

expressing 'among' in japanese

Sports (de ha/ni ha)soccer ga ichiban suki desu. Which one is correct? What is either of them used to express?
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1answer
94 views

Is there any difference between 一緒に and と一緒に? [closed]

Is there any difference between 一緒に and と一緒に?
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1answer
382 views

japanese ambiguous sentences [closed]

hello guys can you help me to translate this ambiguous sentence? これは道路の上に作られた細い溝と、その上を通るタイヤによって作られるのだが、制限速度で走らないと音楽らしい音楽に聞こえない。 translation: it is narrow gutter which is laid on top of road, ...