Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
201 views

What would be the correct way to say “Moose” in Japanese? Ty in advance [closed]

I go by “Moose” as my online alias or online name in video games and have friends that call me moose as a nickname. I recently decided that I want to get a tattoo of the word “Moose” on my wrist but ...
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2answers
146 views

what does「デカいヤマをあてること」mean?

As someone with little to no knowledge on japanese, I've cracked my brain as to unfurl this passage's meaning. Here's the full sentence: 夢は「デカいヤマをあてること」 夢は roughly being "What's your dream?" or ...
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2answers
144 views

くれる: A verb of volition?

In this answer, user4092 raised the aspect of volition when using giving-and-receiving verbs. Curious to learn more, I did some research and found the following article: https://www.imabi.net/...
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139 views

What does としたほか mean in this context?

What does としたほか mean in this context? また、農産品については、TPP=環太平洋パートナーシップ協定など、過去の協定の水準を上回る関税の引き下げは行わないという日本の立場をアメリカが尊重するとしたほか、交渉中はアメリカによる自動車への追加関税の発動を回避することを確認したと述べました。
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65 views

何でもきいてください in an interview [closed]

I have a Question -> Response exercise in my textbook. The context is a job interview at a convenience store. The final question from the store manager is below and I think he/she is saying "Well then,...
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1answer
267 views

Subjunctive. Why 2 is correct [duplicate]

日本人は 旅行に___時 たくさん お土産 を買います。 1・ 行く 2・ 行った What is the correct answer?
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210 views

自分の小市民ぶり meaning [closed]

「―――いえ。 誰にも遠野くんは傷つけさせません。 それだけは信じてください」 ……というか、そんな事より旅費とかパスポートとかを心配してしまう自分の小市民ぶりが情けない。 I cannot understand the last sentence, especially 自分の小市民ぶりが情けない。 Can someone help?
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4k views

What's the meaning of nagara and when is it used?

I have been looking at grammar guides on the Internet. But I'm not clear about the meaning of ながら and its usage. Could you help me with some examples and explanation?
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406 views

男が空き缶などに入れた唾液を女子高生の制服や頭に直接かける

With the following sentence: 西東京市内では昨年12月〜今年2月、男が空き缶などに入れた唾液を女子高生の制服や頭に直接かける事件がほかに3件発生。 Does 空き缶などに入れた modify 唾液? Does it mean 唾液 was put in an empty can?
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67 views

Help a translating this phrase

I was reading a manga and the grammar of this phrase kinda confused me: 今日三条くんの会社からなかったことにしてくれって連絡あったらしくて。 For context, the character is saying this to a second character about a third character's ...
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2answers
394 views

ような in the sentence and how to use?

I'm having problem translating this sentence 正直な人が損をするようなことは、あってはいけない. and more importantly I want to know what ”ような” means exactly in this context, please give me a short example of ”ような” if ...
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677 views

What is the difference between 行くなら and 行けば [duplicate]

I came across this in a grammar textbook: シカゴへ行く(の)ならバスで行ったらどうですか What is the difference between 行く(の)なら and 行けば?
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2answers
588 views

に まで differences in usage with person or things

From what I understand に marks the destination of a verb, like まで。 僕が彼に愛を感じる   僕が彼まで愛を感じる Some explanation I find for に are: 1)に plainly wears many different hats, but I like to think of に as a ...
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1answer
279 views

Nakattan — what does n mean?

I've heard a few times a word "nakattan" with n at the end. I know what nakatta mean, what does N mean?
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626 views

Specifying Objects in Japanese

How do you say and write 'this is' and 'that is' in Japanese? Expanding on this, how would you say and write 'these are' and 'those are'? Around this topic, are there any male and female words in ...
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181 views

What's the function of ~には in 「おやには長生きしてもらいたいとおもう」?

おやには長生きしてもらいたいとおもう Please help understand the には construct. Is it a form of emphasis?
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1answer
907 views

Meaning of 伝わる and AよりもB, 温かい, and て-form+から+でも

I need help understanding some Japanese sentences. All the sentences are connected except the last one. 今も手紙はたまに書きますよ。 mailよりも気持ちが伝わるんです。 I know that the first sentence means "people also write ...
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1answer
100 views

What does “僕の分も君が振ってくれ。” mean?

The title is self explanatory. I don't seem to understand this sentence as a whole. Can somebody please explain this word by word for me? Also what form is "振ってくれ" in? "振る" in this context means "to ...
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1answer
141 views

In what context can kiniira mean 'pleased'?

I gave this sentence as an example before(どういう関係) 何か気に入られてる、みたいなんだけど But Jisho says it means 'pleased' and in english there's a difference between liking someone and being pleased with them so I'm ...
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1answer
470 views

What is the Little つ? What does it mean? [duplicate]

We have a school project for Japanese and we have to explain what Little つ means but I can't find the meaning of it anywhere and our teacher won't tell us what it is. Please help!
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2answers
229 views

What's the difference between あれ and 彼女?

Both words mean she, but what's the difference, how should I use them?
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1answer
402 views

Mapping 16 English tenses to Japanese tenses [closed]

I am really confused in digesting Japanese tenses while referring to English tenses in mind. Is there a list mapping each English tense to Japanese one? Please kindly also provide us with some ...
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2answers
180 views

what is this で in front of はなした doing?

In my textbook, there are instructions for a composition. These instructions are the following: こんど、国際交流協会で座談会があります。テーマは「文化や習慣の違い」です。 下のことについて、みんなで座談会の観衆尾をしましょう。 Then, a list of further specifying ...
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2answers
308 views

Difference between 守らせてあげる and 守ってあげる

What do both translate as and why? 守ってあげる is basically protecting something. The original was 約束守らせて上げられなくて御免なさい which I basically translated as, I am sorry that I couldn't (be made) to keep the ...
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1answer
749 views

No versus not in Japanese [closed]

Is there a difference between no versus not in japanese, or is it just always いいえ?
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2k views

expressing 'among' in japanese

Sports (de ha/ni ha)soccer ga ichiban suki desu. Which one is correct? What is either of them used to express?
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54 views

What is the difference between しました and した

週末に何をしましたか。 Here what is the grammer of しましたか. Shouldn't it simply be したか, where した is the た format of する ?
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1answer
361 views

japanese ambiguous sentences [closed]

hello guys can you help me to translate this ambiguous sentence? これは道路の上に作られた細い溝と、その上を通るタイヤによって作られるのだが、制限速度で走らないと音楽らしい音楽に聞こえない。 translation: it is narrow gutter which is laid on top of road, ...
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1answer
547 views

native japanese do not use desu or masu at the end of a sentence

I recognized that native japanese speaker do not use desu or masu at the end of their sentences. Just in a few cases they do. But all of my trainigs use the postfix. Are there additional rules for ...
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1answer
194 views

Help to understand japanese sentence [closed]

私自身、自分の作ったものは先ほど書いたようにどんどん忘れていってしまうけれど、大好きで読みついできたよその作者の小説についてならば 先ほどの意味? → long time ago/just now? I tend to forget what I write just now/long time ago? 私 → author? What does よそ mean? ...
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1answer
1k views

How to say “Do you still study in ABC university” in Japanese? [closed]

I want to ask a friend whether she is still studying at ABC school. This is my sentence: ABC大学に べんきょうしる まだ いる? (Do you still study at ABC University) This that right? If not please help me.
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1answer
131 views

Multiple が in the same sentence

I found this sentence while reading and I came across 2 が in the same sentence. 認識結果{にんしきけっか}が保存{ほぞん}されていない登録{とうろく}画像{がぞう}があります。 Is it there a way to phrase is differently? How is this clause ...
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1answer
123 views

Expressing concurrency

人口が増える [ に伴い/とともに ] 周辺もにぎやかになってきた。 Jinkou ga fueru (ni tomonai/to tomo ni) shuuhen mo nigiyaka ni natte kita Both the options seem grammatically correct. What's the difference then? Or do I ...
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1answer
432 views

How do you say “ 14 days left and will finish the vacation ”?

I'm a little bit confused , I tried to find a good answer of how to say 2 days left +verb like 2 days left and will start dieting or 2 minutes left and will be ready or 14 days left and will ...
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1answer
138 views

きている in this sentence? [closed]

『毒触手草』に気をつけること。歯が生えてきている最中ですから。
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1answer
136 views

Why use ないや instead of ない? [closed]

Not sure whether it's や or ないや that's the changed part anyone have more info on using this?
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3answers
1k views

The proper use of ご確認ください [closed]

I often see in Japanese business letters ご確認ください。what and how do I use this phrase?
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1answer
390 views

What does おせわになってます mean?

あなたにいつもおせわになってますからね. What does the above sentence mean? I'm confused about the おせわになってます part.
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1answer
115 views

How would a Japanese woman hyphenate her last name?

Women frequently hyphenate their last names like Sarah Huckabee-Sanders. How would a Japanese woman with a Japanese maiden and married name added, hyphenate her last name?
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1answer
288 views

Explaining directions to a Japanese tourist /useful phrases to know [closed]

Sorry if this might be too broad, I'm first time on this stackexchange. Setup: I'm walking around the town. I see a Japanese tourist looking at a city map and trying to find a landmark/restaurant/...
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1answer
138 views

What is the meaning of 今回のように?

If you run 今回のように through google translate, it gives: "As of this time", and "Like this time", but nobody speaks like this in real english. もちろん。 それだけじゃありません。 今回のように有名人を島にお招きするのも村おこしの一環なんです。 Of ...
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1answer
192 views

Difference between ◯◯を掃除 and ◯◯に掃除

What's the difference between ◯◯を掃除 and ◯◯に掃除? Trying to understand the following, which using "に" 引き続き執筆。合間のリフレッシュに掃除
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1answer
672 views

Does “名詞{めいし}” mean “noun”, “形容詞{けいようし}” mean “adjective”, etc [closed]

I am unhappy with the translation of grammatical 専門用語{せんもんようご}. The technical terms used to describe English and Japanese grammar should never overlap. I see words such as 名詞{めいし}=noun、動詞{どうし}=verb、...
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1answer
518 views

What is the difference between は and を?

They seem to be used in the same way.