Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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48 views

Can と express a means as well? [duplicate]

For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-1-edition-m?sentenceID=SrOvSLFfSOyCJFzmEmFt The sentence in question: 朝のまぶしい日差しを受けて、道路わきの林がキラキラとかがやいていた。 My attempt at ...
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69 views

(Negative すぎる 'too much') when to use なすぎる and なさすぎる [duplicate]

I understand there are two forms meaning 'too little' or too few', I thought the regular way to conjugate the negative was ない-form verb, and the last い is replaced with さ, making なさすぎる. (e.g 食べなさすぎる) ...
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3k views

Jikoshoukai for Interview. 「My Strength and Weakness are…」

I'm kinda new here so please kindly tell me if have broke any rule. I'm currently doing my Jikoshoukai for my upcoming interview and kinda stuck on some part of my translation. Note Im just N5 when ...
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Usage of the phrase している [duplicate]

While I was working on 日本語総まとめ N3 文法, I came across the following. ここの砂は星みたいな形をしている. Now I know that this translates to "The sand here in this area are star-shaped." What I don't understand here is ...
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46 views

と particle in this sentence? [duplicate]

この傷だと・・・即死かな? I'm a bit puzzled, shouldn't it be この傷が即死 ?
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40 views

How to say a pet/human has a characteristic rather than 'it is something'- How to say something has (adjective) [duplicate]

I am trying to describe what my pet looks like. Let's say her name is 'inu'. I know how to say inu is big. You would say; inu wa ookii desu. You could say what she is by putting a different adjective ...
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18 views

What kind of construction is 覚まさんとしていた? [duplicate]

I have the following sentence I'm trying to translate: 暗く打ち寄せる波の下には、血に飢えた神々が目を覚まさんとしていた……。 I tried translating the sentence as follows: Surging from the dark waves, bloodthirsty gods were trying to ...
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140 views

use of もはや in this sentence

考えれば考えるほど、もはや「詰んでいる」としか思えない。 context: speaker is fucked The more i think about it, the more... hopeless it seems??? just stabbing at the last part based on the context, i did read もはや used with ...
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どうしてこの「が」は動詞に付いていますか。 [duplicate]

「手さぐり」という章を読んでいる最中、ややこしい助詞の用法にあいました。 (前略)  目の見えない人は手さぐりで歩む。一歩一歩が慎重である。謙虚である。そして一足歩むために全神経を集中する。これほど真剣な歩み方は、目の見える人にはちょっとあるまい。  人生で思わぬケガをしたくなければ、そして世の中でつまずきたくなければ、この歩み方を見習うがいい。 (後略) 「...
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49 views

I-adjective with -き, what does it mean? [duplicate]

Under which circumstances 楽しい can turn into 楽しき?
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1answer
125 views

What does the conjugations of んだ do?

I have recently reached the の particle in my grammar book and it really confused me. Question #1: When we attach の to a verb clause like this, 毎日勉強するの大変 does it mean I'm talking about the act of ...
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235 views

どの and どち when and how to use each?

Recently, I have been struggling with the correct usage of 「どの」and「どち」. Is it correct to think of them in the following way? 「どの」= what (I get this confused with「なん」and「なに」as well) 「どち」= which When ...
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482 views

What does 〜 verb + てんの mean in this sentence ? [duplicate]

Source: http://raw.senmanga.com/Yotsubato!/83/5 I am reading Yotsuba (ch.83, pg.5) and I came across this sentence: [恵]{え}[那]{な}は疲れてんのかまだねてるよ いっつも早いのに As far as I know, てんの here is casual ...
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200 views

What does 動詞た形 + んじゃ mean? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence when reading an essay: 「ぢちらしろ、そう何回も声をかけられたんじゃ不快な気分になるなというほうが無理ではないか。」 I'm not sure what the significance of the んじゃ is where it is in the sentence. My grasp of the ...
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113 views

Is “to” optional in this line?

Japanese: Omae o tadashi katta (to) ukeireteita. English: I did admit that you was right. It's correct without "to"? Omae o tadashi katta ukeireteita. Thanks!
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487 views

What's the difference between dato, nanode and kara?

I know they all indicate consequence. kara implies an opinion, while nanode is objective, but what is the exact difference between all three words? Edit: Update with example: Example 1: da to I ...
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161 views

Difficult conjugation

I would appreciate help in understanding the following conjugation. It is difficult to comprehend the English translation for this. こんなことになっちゃんんじゃないの
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2answers
903 views

Should it be が大好き or を大好き? [duplicate]

I am very new to Japanese language and I am now kind of addicted to learning this beautiful language and the culture. Just a question I want to ask is: Which one of the below one is right? ...
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39 views

What's the difference between あか and あかい [duplicate]

I see both used for the color red. Can someone tell me what the difference is.
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52 views

かれはまどをあけますか。How to convert it to “Why did he open the window?” [duplicate]

I am a beginner Nihongo learner. I know Did he open the window? - かれはまどをあけますか。I just don't know where to insert the "why" in the sentence. Actually, I was a little disappointed that this question is ...
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55 views

Correct use of たら [duplicate]

Whilst I think I understand the purpose of this grammatical device, I'm confused by its usage in the following sentence: 雑誌の占いコーナーを読んでいたら、「日本人は占いが好きです」と、外国人の友達が話しかけてきた。 たら I thought was for ...
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127 views

Usage of 認めよう and 空 on this page?

This one middle page in between these three (link) has been weighing on my mind for a good while. The character would seem to be commenting on a brave/chivalrous aerial battle going on overhead, and ...
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595 views

Need help with のが and のある in this sentence

で、そのときに私がいつも思い出すのが、映画『シンドラーのリスト』のある場面です。ご覧になった方いますか?シンドラーのリスト。 (Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA at 0:47) Can anyone shed some light on the uses of のが and のある in this sentence?
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481 views

Breakdown of どうなってる

西洋はどうなってる? Is どうなってる itself a phrase meaning 'how is it?' or a combination of several meanings? Such as どう, なる and ている. Thanks!
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56 views

The difference between wa and ga [duplicate]

I am aware that both are to be but i have trouble figuring out which one is appropriate for which sentence. Would one be for stating a fact about oneself and the other be for an action?
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58 views

Where does げ come from? [duplicate]

Where does ~げ come from? For example in 地震の影響で工場を閉じることになったと説明する社長は悔しげだった。 it is supposed to mean that we get a slight impression that the manager was "regretful" while explaining why the factory ...
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262 views

How should かしら be used in the middle of the sentence?

Original sentence in the novel is: 何かしらの手は打ってくるだろう A post in this site shows that it is a particle used more by females, while tangorin also shows it to be used as the meaning of "head", aside of ...
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135 views

Unable to understand grammar/meaning here [duplicate]

Having trouble with the bolded part: 沈む太陽が海に溶け、全てを赤く染めあげる一瞬の――儚いけれど鮮烈な一時は、しかしそこで止まっていた。水平線に半ばまで埋もれながら、決して落ちない太陽。寄せては引き、引いては返すも、どこか現実味を欠いた潮騒…… What (I think) I understand so far: A fleeting but ...
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82 views

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する? [duplicate]

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する ? Is there any exception for this? For example, 勉強をする can be shorten as 勉強する テニスをする can be shorten as テニスする
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4k views

ことになっている vs ようになっている

The definitions do not help with an umabiguous separation. So I put forward an example: どあはしめると,じどうしゃてきにかぎがかかるようになっている Why would ことになっている too not be apt here? Is this dependent on the speakers ...
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232 views

What is the meaning of しちまおう?

I'm playing a video game and in this scene the character is on a hill and says: このまま昼寝しちまおうか My guess is that it's a conjugation of する but it doesn't look close to する at all. What conjugations ...
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50 views

what is the difference beween おんなみたい、おんならしい and おんなっぽい。 [duplicate]

what is the difference beween おんなみたい、おんならしい and おんなっぽい。 could any one please clear the difference between them with example.
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80 views

無念なり - what is なり? [duplicate]

I saw a cartoon character(平沢唯, 「けいおん!」, ep.2) use this exclamation: 「無念なり」 expressing her regret at the lack of money. I'd like to find a grammar point explaining the use of 「なり」 here. After some ...
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1answer
40 views

What is the difference between て phrase ending verbs and nominalized verb-stem phrase ending verbs? [duplicate]

For example in the sentence 政府は学校や病院を建設し、教師や医療スタッフの訓練も始めた。What's the difference in the first phrase ending in 建設し rather than 建設して?
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166 views

「確か、明日は先生の誕生日でしたよね。」Why でした and not です? [duplicate]

「確か、明日は先生の誕生日でしたよね。」 Came across this sentence during my Japanese class and am having trouble understanding the nuance behind it and why でした can be used in this manner. I tried asking my Japanese ...
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100 views

what does “ねぇぞ” mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

what does "ねぇぞ" mean in this sentence? "出てねぇぞ"
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1answer
207 views

に particle. Why is this sentences

I have a bit of a struggle with the に particle. Could somebody explain to me why it is used here? 結婚のお祝いに、部長に時計をいただきました。 (first に) このかばんは物が入れやすくて、旅行や仕事に便利です。 車の修理に1週間かかります。 ...
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1answer
139 views

What is this よう doing behind the verb? [duplicate]

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20180306/k10011353421000.html?utm_int=news_contents_news-main_001 The sentence in question: 新燃岳で爆発的な噴火が起きたのは、7年前の平成23年以来で、気象庁は、噴火警戒レベル3を継続し、...
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1answer
153 views

what does けど do in this sentence? [duplicate]

さっき、図書館でマリアさんという人に会ったんだけど。 I know けど only as a colloquial version of -が
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3answers
2k views

Which is correct ? Kirei Nakamura or kirei na Nakamura?

I am writing a song in english, that also has some japanese words. At some point, I want to say "The beautiful Nakamura" . I've seen here that http://thejapanesepage.com/grammar/na_adjectives Na is ...
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1answer
130 views

Understanding the usage of つくin 体{からだ}につけたまま

体{からだ}につけたまま使うことができる..... Please help me understand this form/usage of つく. Since I don't know which kanji it corresponds to, it is difficult for me to make out what this phrase actually means.
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1answer
142 views

What's the correct translation for 'Japanese Student': 'Nihonjin gakusee' or 'Nihonjin no gakusee'?

I have seen both uses in different contexts, but I'm having trouble figuring out in which case to use the 'no' particle!
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2answers
156 views

What's the difference between それならいい and それならいいんですが [duplicate]

What is the difference between それならいい and それならいいんですが? I'm guessing that the んですが implies some sort of unsaid reservation or concern.
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1answer
989 views

Words ending in consonants [duplicate]

Using Hiragana, how would you write a word/transcribe a sound which ends in a consonant? Such as 'kon'. Relevant to this, I don't understand why 'hajimemashite' doesn't pronounce the 'shi' in the ...
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138 views

もらわれていくの grammar

I have problem understanding grammar in this sentence: アニー、もらわれていくのがいやになったの。。。 Could you help to translate it and give links to grammar?
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1answer
138 views

Is this sentence correct? [closed]

Would u please test this sentence for me? '図書館でいお(ro)いろな教室でできないことができる' some of my mates said it is wrong while some said it is right
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1answer
397 views

Mapping 16 English tenses to Japanese tenses [closed]

I am really confused in digesting Japanese tenses while referring to English tenses in mind. Is there a list mapping each English tense to Japanese one? Please kindly also provide us with some ...
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1answer
209 views

Meaning 良しとしましょう?

良しとしましょう I'm confused. What that mean?
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1answer
167 views

Can “suru” be also added to japanese verbs?

I thought that "suru" was used with english verbs to create japanese verbs (ie ドライブする) or with japanese nouns to create japanese verbs (ie denwa suru 電話する) Can "suru" be also added to japanese ...
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3answers
645 views

What words/structures indicate an argument? (e.g. Therefore, as a result, there's strong reason to believe (x) , etc.) [closed]

To me, once of the most important parts of learning a language is the ability to read the implied message behind someone's words, and part of that is knowing when they're making a point and they're ...