Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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About くれ in 契約を守ってくれなくては困る

In the sentence below, is くれ imperative form of くれる? 契約を守ってくれなくては困る
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2answers
163 views

Issues with this sentence

The following dialogue: A: 将棋がお強いと伺いましたが。 B: いやあ、人に自慢するほどじゃありませんが、始めてもう40年になりますね。 First, I have problems determining the meaning of 伺う. Does it mean "to ask" or "to be told" here? Second, I ...
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625 views

Use of どうも in this sentence

彼は、どうも彼女に会いにこの展望台を訪れているようです It seems that he visited the lookout to meet her In terms of どうも, the person in question has already visited her several times and there really isn't much difficulty in ...
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301 views

When do you use の to join nouns and colours/adjectives?

When do you use の to join nouns and colours? I know that green pencil is 緑{みどり}の鉛筆 【えんぴつ】but I'm not sure if it's the same for other colours or adjectives.
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219 views

I can't recognize anything in this sentence

For context, see this document: https://www.docdroid.net/uHP3GDN/img-20170622-0001-new.pdf.html Counted upwards from the bottom of the text, it is sentence 4. でも、学校は6時からって なってますが 、仕事のほうは大丈夫ですか。 So, ...
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42 views

Do I need to use の or が in this sentence [duplicate]

先生の言ったとおりにやってください or 先生が言ったとおりにやってください I'm trying to say "Please do as the teacher said"
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624 views

もし and たら. verbs of giving and receiving

もしつごうよかったら、どこかゆうめいなところをあんないしてあげてくれませんか. In the above sentence if both もし and たら translate to "if", why are they both used? Does あげてくれませんか mean "Won't you do it for me"?
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99 views

translating a headline, て form

TDL舞台に誘拐ミステリー⁉︎/噂、デマが飛び交って大騒ぎ This is a headline from an article. How would you translate the whole headline? I don't know how I should translate the て from of the verb 飛び交う.
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What's the usage of ばかり in “見たこと無いものばかりだわ!”?

I've got a feeling it's an intensifier for the statement, but I want to be certain about the grammatical stuff behind it, since I've only seen one mention of that in all of my materials and research
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372 views

What does わけもない mean?

Xの声無き叫びが、Yたちに届くわけもない。 EDIT : I think that it is another way of saying "わけがない" but then what is the difference with "わけもない".
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161 views

In which cases pronouns can be omitted in questions?

The phrase "doko kara kimasu" is translated as "where do you come from" . I suppose this a short version of "anata wa doko kara kimasu ka" . If I want to ask where does he come from? I suppose I ...
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96 views

なら and から what's the relation?

A:この本を読んでみてください。 B:これなら難しくないから、私にも読めそうです。 Google translator said "This is not difficult, so I can read it." It's somehow convincing translation but I don't yet get the meaning of なら and から here ...
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848 views

食べていました and its use

I was wondering about __ていました and its use. By this I mean, is it possible to turn a て form verb into ていました? For example, would you ever use 食べていました instead of 食べました? Just wondering if it is possible ...
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359 views

Some congratulations phrases for birthday?

Hi I want to write a congrats message to my Japanese friend and I want to tell him this: Happy birthday I wish you so many more wonderful experiences and have a lot of fun this day ...
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89 views

What does おなり mean in this sentence?

What does おなり mean in: 気持におなりになった あと一カ月ぐらいして、もし君が説明してもいいというお気持におなりになったら、そのときは僕たちにご連絡くださいませ、だ
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189 views

How to express the reason for scolding someone

Edit: added previous context Maruko has just asked grandad if he would save her from a wild dog. Grandad is scared but doesn't want to say 'no' to Maruko. I thought my problem was only with the last ...
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79 views

For laying out Japanese text in a piece of graphic design do you need to stick to some rules? [closed]

Example I have the english text "enjoy music" which from google translate looks like this 音楽を楽しむ where music is 音楽 , so can I do this を楽しむ -(enjoy) ...
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4k views

How to say “You are able to” or “You can do this”

Title says it all. I am looking for sentence structures that can convey this meaning.
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110 views

の or は, which particle would be a better choice in this sentence?

才能がないことはないけど、私(の or は)才能があまりすごくない。 "It's not that I don't have talent, but my talents aren't very cool." Which particle would be more acceptable? I ask this because in Japanese there are phrases ...
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122 views

貢がせる verb and its usage

遠坂にそんな高価な品を貢がせる悪しき男はあたしが天に代わって誅罰を下してくれるわー!キエー!」 【貢がせる女、貢ぐ男】 1. 思わせぶりな態度で男に貢がせようとする女のこと。 2. セックスのために売春婦に金を払う男、または付き合うために女に貢ぐ男。 The evil man who is tricking Tohsaka with precious goods. Is this ...
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203 views

Correct usage of 'you'?

I need a little help with the phrase 'You are...' For simplicity, I'm going to you the example: 'You are helpful.' It's an awkward example, yes, but it's the best I could find. :P Are these correct? ...
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378 views

ようにと meaning and Causative of する verbs

I am not sure about the causative form of する verbs. For example, while reading I found this: 小源を以て大源に作用させる、魔術師の機械。 I understand this sentence as: The mechanism of magicians which let the ...
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343 views

What does であればこそ mean?

であればこそ、そうした課題の地平に、私たちにとっての「里」、そして、自然との折り合いかたをたえず模索する契機となりうる新たな《里山》 像という結実が期待されるだろう。 Can someone explain what であればこそ means?
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274 views

Infinitive form + た or た form

兄ちゃんも行きたいって言ってたし。 I'm pretty sure it's 言. The only difference is the top mark is horizontal. Every time time I analyze it, though, I wind up with 言. Anyway, my question regards the 行きた. According ...
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611 views

てほしい particle usage

管理に適切な分家筋を選んでほしい。 I understand the meaning, but not the particle used. 貴方に英語を教えて欲しい に is used to show the one who does the action you want him to. を is used to show what you want to have done. ...
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121 views

Katakana that I can't get right

"渡辺さんってサブラの?" - what could this mean? Just can't catch the meaning of "サブラ". Help please.
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てはin this sentence

あわせて、あちらの黒いズボンもはいてみてはどうですか。 Context is a salesperson asking a customer to try out a pair of pants (in addition to a jacket he is already wearing). Is the ては in this sentence ています in subject form? (I'...
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175 views

A sentence that must consist of 終わられる, しまう, and よう

Is my sentence below correct? What I want to say is This textbook seems to be finished before Friday this week. My attempt is as follows, 今週{こんしゅう}の金曜日{きんようび}の前{まえ}にこの教{きょう}科{か}書{しょ}が終{お}...
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Is the verb in 受話器から変な音がして止まらない future tense?

受話器から変な音がして止まらない。 Strange noises keep coming from the receiver and won't stop. "Won't" in this case is closer to "desire, choice,willingness, consent, or in negative constructions refusal" and ...
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216 views

Translating 「こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの?」

Someone I know PM'd me this and I honestly don't know what it means. こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの? Correct me if I'm wrong but I think this is roughly: Konna baka na watashi o doushite ai shite kureru ...
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379 views

When to use と and こと?

I was talking to one of my friends about these particles (He is a native speaker of the language, and I thought he might know) and here's what he told me: 私は芋が彼を殺すと思います => I think the potato is ...
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387 views

Understanding これといった〜ない [closed]

I was playing a game (Yu-Gi-Oh) until I found this: これといった用があって来たわけじゃない. This was in the very beginning of the game, when someone woke me up. I'm not sure what 「これといった」and 「わけじゃない」mean. May ...
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104 views

Explaining the phrase 書{か}き込{こ}みによると

I have translated the phrase 書き込みによると which, and if I'm right, means "According to the writing". I want to know more about the structure and grammar rules used here. I found it in this article.
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283 views

How can I translate these workplace goals into Japanese? [closed]

I'm an ALT and my supervisor asked me to write my goals in Japanese this year. I'm trying to keep it simple, but I really struggle with putting English into Japanese. Here is my attempt Deepen my ...
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83 views

How is “if one does not differ” translated using the word 異なる and the ば-ending?

異なる is the dictionary form. To express the idea of condition, one has to change the u into an e and add the suffix ba. 異なれば = If one differs. How do you express the idea of a negative condition -> ...
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180 views

V(さ)せる when it doesn't indicate permission/compulsion

さくら は あたたかく なって きた ことを しらせる ように さきます あき の おわり から はな を さかせ はじめ...... The above sentences use the V(さ)せる forms - though they do not indicate permission/compulsion. Could someone help understand ...
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343 views

What is the function of にも in this sentence?

I found this sentence on a manga, and I can't find its meaning for I don't understand the function of にも in this case: 勉強にもスポーツにもそれから恋愛か。
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195 views

can I get away with not having a subject in a sentence if the subject is not relevant to the meaning?

I would like to reference a question I have about this thread that I asked a few days ago: 「思っているようです。」or 「思っている。」 for describing another person's opinion That question was clearly answered. This ...
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626 views

Meaning of ~かといえばそうではない

Another question from me. Reading a text, I stumbled upon the following sentence: では、テレビがあれば、万事それで済むかといえば、そうではない。 As always, stay safe and have a good day.
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341 views

whats the difference between し and と?

I thought I knew this but it has just been explained to me in Japanese class and now I am totally confused. I had always thought と was "and" but apparently it more usually means "or"; when you want ...
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780 views

Using the causative form (使役形) to create humble language (謙譲語)?

"この町に住ませて頂きたいんです。" is a line from a movie. That grammar makes sense to me. In this context, 使役形 is used to create a humble mood. (頂く) makes it even more humble. Based on that, today I said: "3年ぐらい、...
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257 views

meaning of でも~くらい

I cannot understand what is 自分でも無様なくらいに means in the following sentence. I'd translate it like - "I felt so akward, that my voice trembled" 自分でも無様なくらいに声が震えていた Thank you very much for help!
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946 views

What does とし mean in this sentence?

What does とし mean in the following sentence? 若者はオーストラリア人のようになろうとし、オーストラリアで育ったので、両親の伝統を無視したりします
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549 views

Can 助動詞(auxiliary verbs) be used with other 助動詞?

I've been learning about these for awhile, but everything I've seen them used in doesn't use more than 1 at a time. Is there a reason for that? Also my materials don't really explain the subtleties ...
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74 views

「に夢見る」 and translating 「こういうのドライ」

I found the picture below on Pinterest. The caption was 「松田+幼女に夢見てる漫画」. I don't understand the use of the に particle. I had already seen it used in the structure 「person + に夢見てる」 before. I'm not ...
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1answer
134 views

Understanding this incomplete sentence

I'm not quite sure how to understand the second sentence below as it looks incomplete to me. If it was because the speaker interrupted what he was saying with the next line then I would have expected ...
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1answer
99 views

Difference between using て form and dictionary form when requesting/instructing

These are all of the different ways I can think of (I might have missed some) of how to request something in Japanese in no real particular order: しろ して してくれる してくれ してくれて してください ...
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98 views

に in 両親に行ったように反乱軍に跪いてみせた

彼はひとたまりもなくかつて両親に行ったように反乱軍に跪いてみせた。 no real context, only an example sentence for 跪く 反乱軍に跪く is more obvious, kneeling at/towards 反乱軍. 両親に行った I'm far less certain of. How should I look at this?
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87 views

Please help with a headline for today's news article about consumption tax

This morning (at least where I live) the top headline when I got up to look at the TBS news was as follows (source). Please correct my attempt if there is an error. 【現場から、】10%の暮らし、駄菓子の“おまけ”で苦肉の策 ...
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79 views

Meaning of そうでもない

In this sentence: 神野{じんの}菜生子{なおこ}さして意外そうでもなくうなずいた I'm having some issue in understanding そうでもない, and according to how I read it it reverse the meaning of the sentence: as far as I understand, ...