Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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132 views

Expressing ~no option but

しかない/ほかない/よりない - are these forms inter-changeable ゆうがたまでやる(しかない/ほかない/よりない)- are all the forms correct?
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4answers
536 views

Is 「どこにいくのがよろしいですか」 a correct way to ask for directions?

I visit an office and enquire where (floor, desk, etc) I should go - どこに いくのが よろしいですか Would this be an incorrect expression? If so, what is the mistake? What would be a better way to ask the ...
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133 views

are the godan verbs always followed by either a,e,i,o or u before a further suffix is added? [duplicate]

as far as i know, in japanese verbs are divided into two groups. One ends in a consonant and one in a vowel. tor : stemform of toru. mi : stemform of miru. those ending in a consonant are called ...
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522 views

How to add a specific day of the week when asking about opening & closing time

I know it's very basic but I am a beginner... If anybody could be of any help it would be fantastic :) I know how to ask about closing and opening time (of shops, offices etc) but I don't know how to ...
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245 views

Question about ようにと

Could somebody please explain me the grammar in ようにと. Is there something omitted between ように and と? As far as I can guess the author is saying something like - "For now I'll try to not think about ...
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1answer
353 views

All the uses of わけ?

Ok, I've come across a few expressions involving the word わけ (訳)such as わけではない, to indicate that something differs from a notion the listener may have; わけがない, to indicate that there is no sense in ...
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808 views

“どうしようもない” or “どうしよう__の__もない”, or neither?

This is my understanding: "どうしようもない" is a complete sentence. (There is nothing that can be done.) "noun + もない" is the sentence structure. therefore: "どうしよう" = "noun" "どうする" is a sentence ending ...
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785 views

「[壁際]{かべぎわ}の前と同じ場所」とはどういう意味ですか?

壁際の前と同じ場所に彼は立っていた。 これはどういう意味ですか。 太字の部分が理解できません。 お願いいたします。
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509 views

Vague method of description in Japanese

I just want to ask how people get over the vagueness of description in this language. Let me explain. Today I saw my friend say "これを見た電車の中で..." and I was just wondering... how do you deal with the ...
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420 views

How does 生まれ translate in this context?

こんにちは、皆さん。ちょっと質問があります。 今日、この歌を聞きました。 最初の歌詞はこれです: アイデンティティがない 生まれない らららら でも意味が分かりません。英訳するができない。 「(If you) have no identity, (you) haven't been born」と思いますが、確かめたいです。 日本語で説明していい。手伝てくれてありがとう!
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359 views

関わらず, こうして, and “Titles”

My question concerns the middle part of this sentence. 宮さんは、僕がこうして敬称付きで呼ぶにも関わらず、 見た目十代前半くらいの少女なのだった。 How exactly does こうして affect the meaning of the sentence? What part of the sentence is 関わらず ...
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2answers
261 views

Questions about 〜にあたって, 驚かされた, and 関係者何人か

当時の関係者何人かにあたって記憶を確かめてみたが、人の記憶の欠落部分というのは、捏造で補われる仕組みになっているらしく、共通の体験が、しばしば、お互いに矛盾する記憶になっていることに驚かされた。 What does “にあたって” mean there? “驚かされた” is referring to what/whom exactly? Does “関係者何人か” mean “Some ...
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144 views

に[配慮]{はいりょ} vs. を[配慮]{はいりょ}

I want to know if there is any difference between に and を when used with 配慮する. Example sentences: [環境]{かんきょう}に配慮した家 環境を配慮した家 [相手]{あいて}の[立場]{たちば}に配慮する 相手の立場を配慮する Are they ...
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866 views

Particle confusion

I'm about halfway through Genki II, and the particles are starting to mess with me like never before. In particular を, が and に. I know the general principles like が and に making a subject or indirect ...
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529 views

How is this verb being conjugated and contracted?

" こんな馬鹿みたいな帽子かぶせやがって!!” " こんなくそみたいな帽子かぶせやがって!!” " こんなくそみたいな帽子かぶせんじゃねーよ!!” I believe I'm looking at a conjugation and contraction of the verb かぶる. What is the original conjugation and what ...
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47 views

What does ~ないことはない mean?

I have looked up the '~ないことはない' grammar and it says it means either 'can' or 'is not impossible to' Link to grammar site. I see that it's a double negative. However, I have this sentence that I've had ...
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39 views

「の為の」 in certain contexts

So I've seen this usage of 為 pop up twice now and I still can't figure out what its exact meaning is supposed to be, here's the two cases in question: I found this one in a videogame, where the ...
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1answer
50 views

Meaning of にあるとのことだった

I found this sentence, of which I understand the general meaning, but can't really grasp the role and implication of the last part: 呼ばれてやってきた電気屋が調べたところ、故障の原因は室外機の基板が壊れていることにあるとのことだった As far as I ...
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89 views

When a verb in the present expresses the past, is it CORRECT to conjugate it to the past and still nothing changes?

If あの子どもは、それを口に入れるや、吐き出した is correct, is あの子どもは、それを口に入れたや、吐き出した also correct? If yes, has the meaning changed at all?
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Problem with understanding the action of いる in 決まった場所にいる代わりに

In a recent article 仕事で外国に行く前にPCR検査の予約ができるようにする from NHK Easy Japanese I found this sentence, (which I give here in a bit abbreviated form): [...]着いてからしばらくの間、決まった場所にいる代わりに、PCR検査で[...]...
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40 views

I ask for an explanation about the なの in [祖母は耳が遠い、つまり、耳が少し不自由**なの**だ。] [duplicate]

Is なの considered as a whole (grammatical expression)? Or is it な ,to make 不自由 an adj, and の seperately? If 2) is the case, what does の mean here?
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で and に when you use them!

Since I started learning Japanese I have always thought that when talking about something that will occur at a certain time you either use 「に」 or nothing. For example, 来月の終わりに誕生日のパーティーをします。 明日日本に行きます。...
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83 views

Does anybody know anything about astrology to figure out what 優先度 has to do with the following sentence?

https://cocoloni.jp/fortune/1362383/ 英国占星術で占う「あの人の今、あなたに対する優先度」【無料占い】 I think its trying to ask, "How important is this persons whereabouts in regards to your priority" or "His priority ...
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74 views

Usage of で in this sentence

I have a sentence (jlptN4): その花屋はいつもきれいな花でいっぱいです。 Could someone please explain why it needs で here, not が?
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86 views

Would I use で if I want to say “drawing in an art program”

I feel like this is wrong, but I’m not entirely sure, if I wanted to say “my first time drawing in Paint Tool Sai” would this sentence be correct? ペイントツールSAIで初めて描画
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74 views

取らせたら: doubts about the Japanese causative form

I am reading よつばと! On page 180 of volume 1, the character Janbo is telling Yotsuba-chan that he is a "pro" when it comes to catching cicadas. In the balloon it says: いいか よつば 俺はセミを取らせたらプロ級だぜ。 ...
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119 views

話します vs 話しています in a News Article

国は「中止していた特定技能の試験を外国でいつ始めることができるか考えたいと思います」と話しています。 Source: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10012450361000/k10012450361000.html At the end, the sentence says: 話しています but I don’t get why the ...
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94 views

How to tell the function of と at a glance?

国{くに}が今年{ことし}の3[月]{がつ}に調{しら}べると、「[特定]{とくてい}[技能]{ぎのう}」で[働]{はたら}いている人{ひと}は3987[人]{にん}で、考{かんが}えていたよりずっと少{すく}ないことがわかりました。 I’m having difficulty figuring out how と is used here. From past experience it ...
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58 views

About the specific difference between 見えます and 見られます

I have a question about the specific usage of 見えます and 見られます. As already explained on the net, 見えます is used when something is visible to the speaker or comes into view. 見られます is used instead, when ...
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1answer
98 views

How to describe something as verb-able?

For example, repairable, usable, etc. I tried a few in deepl and got a mixture of potential, 用, and 可能. My first thought was that it would involve passive, but I guess not. Is there a single method ...
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2answers
103 views

Difference between using が and の in these sentences [duplicate]

I have two examples here where the particle の is used where I would've used が so I was hoping someone could explain if there's a difference in these instances, or if either is acceptable. 主人のいない侍 ...
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1answer
66 views

Can you build the passive with Verb te-form + しまいました instead of the passive form of the verb?

I came across this sentence: パトカーに 捉まってしまいました。 The book I am using, explains に is used here to indicate the passive form. I looked up a video explaining it by Misa from Japanese Ammo. She explains ...
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63 views

Meaning of 何と何をする in this sentence

I'm currently going through the Tobira book and at chapter 3 there is this sentence: 日本で活躍しているロボットには二つのグループがあります。何と何をするためのロボットですか。 What's the meaning/use of 何と何をする? this is my first time seeing it. ...
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2answers
100 views

他にも meaning and translation

I have a sentence in my text book using the grammar 他にも which I understand to be (besides or as well as). In the sentences to come the student seems like they haven’t had their family over for a ...
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76 views

What is the meaning of the te-form + motion verb in 安心して歩ける

夜、安心して歩けるように街灯を増やして欲しい。 I can sort of understand the meaning of the sentence as someone wants/wishes that the (number of) street lights to increase so that they can feel safe walking at night. But I ...
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81 views

Does ''desu'' and ''desu ka'' go with ''kara''?

From what time ? Should I say ''Nanji kara ?'' or ''Nanji kara desu ka ?'' From August. Should I say ''Hachi gatsu kara desu.'' or ''Hatchi gatsu kara.'' My book gives it without the ''desu'' but ...
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83 views

Classification, compounding, and order of particles

I read here that 日本語の勉強は常用漢字を全部覚えてからが本番だ。is a valid sentence but 日本語の勉強は常用漢字を全部覚えてからのが本番だ。is not. This reminded me of a question I once had. I do understand that particles are classified into ...
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77 views

Three grammatical questions about Japanese Manga

The following is an exercise I do daily to better understand grammar. I’ll claim A and the title. Title: 第3話75歳の値段 第 is a prefix to form ordinal numbers. In this case, it precedes 3, so third. 話 ...
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92 views

How to go about differentiating って meaning [duplicate]

にしかたって字は書けなきゃダメでしょう (にしかた is a surname) How do I differentiate whether this って is used to quote "にしかた” or if it is used to act as a topic marker as a replacement for は? However, in this sentence, ...
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85 views

Can i omit commas in sentence with multiple verbs connected by て-form (with “and” meaning)?

For example, I have sentence: 朝ご飯を食べて、学校に行きました。 Can I omit the comma or it is required?
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70 views

Verb with association with single verbs

I often see the same verbs used in different forms, for example: 取り受けます and 取ります. Both verbs mean to accept. In general 取り受けます means to take and accept. Like this example, there are a lot of verbs ...
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53 views

Meaning of で+やる

I asked a friend how they were doing and they replied "元気でやってるよ". What is the meaning of でやってる? Is this some variation on である (to be) or is it a form of やる (to do)? If it is the latter, why does it ...
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72 views

Placement of と in this sentence

need some slight help with Genki 1. On the listening comprehension, it asks what the person was doing. I interpreted the sentence as へやでけんさんとおんがくをきいていました but the book lists the answer as (けんさんと) ...
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71 views

The meaning (and reading) of 間 in context of people, 境 and 混, does it mean 'getting into a group or clique'?

I'm slowly, very very slowly working through this story here while I study kanji (using kanjidamage) and with basic Japanese grammar skills, very much a beginner. 間 seems to be leaning toward 'period ...
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1answer
89 views

How do you use “iuno/いうの”? [duplicate]

I've seen this word a couple of times and am currently stuck on how to use it.. I know "いう" means "say" but I don't understand the の particle attached to it. Could someone provide a couple of ...
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103 views

Changing word order - topic after fact?

タルカスと黒騎士ブラフォードはメアリーの忠実な家来だった・・・生い立ちは騎士の家柄ふたりとも戦で失い親も兄弟もない天涯孤独の身!! The bolded part is what I'm unsure about. As a little sidenote, seeing that this is a manga and it's read from top to bottom, it may ...
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108 views

Why use wa / は marker with kyou / 今日?

Based on some research it seems like: 今日は新しい着物を着ました。 Is more correct than 今日新しい着物を着ました。 (Without wa subject marker) Why is that? It doesn't seem like "today" is the subject of the sentence.
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144 views

Difference between から and で in context of because

So, I was going across the particle で and から and I found that, both of them have the function of "because". Following are the examples E.g. of using で as because 病気で旅行に行けなかった (Because I was sick, ...
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1answer
131 views

Logic behind grammar patterns

One of my current biggest challenges in learning Japanese sentence patterns is knowing which verb forms to use when linking to set phrases. The largest classes of verb forms I've seen that are used ...
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1answer
143 views

Joint etymology of -san/-chan? [duplicate]

Just a "shower thought" I've had: is there any credence to the theory (mine) that ちゃん is a diminutive/"baby talk" form of さん (like when "ureshii desu" becomes "urechii dechu")?

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