Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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302 views

Use of の with かもしれない

北海道の海岸に向かう途中で、川に入ってしまったのかもしれません。 They might have ended up entering the river en route to the Hokkaido coast. What is の (in bold) doing in this sentence? It was my understanding that かもしれない came ...
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98 views

Parsing in this sentence

The following is an excerpt from a reply from my language partner: 「チームのスパイ行為」 が主語で、「暗示を上げる」という行為の間にはさまれた条件文を、受身形にした場合と、能動形(普通の文)にした場合で比較しているので、わかりにくくなっています。 For context: I tried out a rather ...
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108 views

少しはマシになってきたな meaning

Without context can it mean a couple of things/ have a double meaning? Like 'you're looking better' 'things are looking better' 'it looks better' The person who said it talked about two different ...
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123 views

Why no んです in the following sentence…?

Happy 2018 everyone! And I'm (a little) belatedly kicking it off with a question that may quite possibly be a duplicate, but I thought I'd risk it anyway. I quick searched it but there are so many ...
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Meaning of 再現 in this sentence

The following is an excerpt from a conversation with my language partner. For some context, I told her about our familydinner at a restaurant during christmas eve. I wanted to tell her that you could ...
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75 views

How does the tense and ある in this sentence work

From my e-mail correspondence on italki: 「友達申請をしてくださって、ありがとうございます」は少し難しいかと思ったのですが、これから使う機会があると思うので、そう書きました。覚えてくれてうれしいです。 My attempt at translation: "Even though I thought that 「友達申請をしてくださって、...
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73 views

たform+こと が/は(particle) ありますか?

Continuation from my other question: if we were asking as a question, 'みたことがありますか。' Can we use the question はparticle interchangeably? Or which to use under which circumstances? Thanks!
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184 views

Is this how you say “I am irritated with you”?

Is this correct or is the form wrong? 私はあなたにイライラしている。
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237 views

Why use に in 元気にしてたか?

I learned that the particle に is meant to mark the place in a phrase, similar to in, on and at. But today I was reading Yotsubato and I came across this phrase 元気にしてたか and obviously this rule doesn't ...
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148 views

Concept of using だ and sentence structure

I'm fairly new to learning japanese but I have the basic grammar down. The main thing that's confusing is the sentence structure. For instance, I sent this message to my friend who is native to Japan ...
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124 views

What's wrong with my sentence?

I'm constantly practicing and creating new japanese phrases in my head, so far it has been easy to speak it, although without a computer it's hard to write the alphabets, I get confused with all the ...
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100 views

Why is this こと there?

あなたが今まで行ったことのある観光地を紹介してください。 => "Please present the places you have visited so far." I think my translation should be correct and it wasn't much trouble to come up with it. However, I'm not really ...
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61 views

Would be correct to put だ in this phrase?

I was reading some online articles about Japenese Grammar and one of it's examples were: 静かな人 meaning the quiet person Although while I was reflectling about this phrase I was wondering if I could ...
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110 views

How to interprete 寄る in this sentence

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/67MgwSw/img-20170910-0001-new.pdf the following excerpt is from the very last line: じゃ、帰りに旅行会社に寄って、調べてみます。 => "Well, coming home I will try to ...
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76 views

Passive form + くれる

For a while now I've been trying to write "[I'm happy that] X chose me", and I've come across the following: Xが選んでくれて Xに選ばれてくれて Xに選んでもらって Where the second option (passive + くれる) actually seems to ...
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185 views

What is the meaning of these words/sentences?

I've some issues getting through the message of my language correspondence partner: 日本では、たくさんの花火大会があります。 7月には、神戸の花火大会、大阪の花火大会に多くに人が訪れます。 1万発 でとても迫力がありますよ。 あと、夏になるとセミがたくさん鳴いて、...
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211 views

Is this correct? [closed]

そうだったのオレはてっきり Translation: I was right, there's no mistaking it
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Need help understanding a sentence I came across. Possible ては

I came across this sentence while playing Hatoful Boyfriend. At first I had trouble with the 外見が鳥類では part. Would I be correct in saying that the use of では in 外見が鳥類では is an example of the ては ...
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61 views

Translation: ところを, ようとする, 側

睡眠薬を飲ませ眠ったところを、カツラと服で姿を変え、親子連れを装い密かに遊園地を抜け出そうとしていたのだ。 Context: a child was abducted, they made him take a sleeping pill, they changed his hair and clothes in order to disguise him. Eventually the ...
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174 views

What are the rules for using 最高敬語?

Apparently when speaking to someone like 明仁, I'd need to speak a special brand of urban-polite keigo called 最高敬語. Given this, what exactly are the rules for this brand of keigo? As I can only find it ...
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122 views

what is the meaning of いくわけだ

From a passage saying that it's hard for people to visualize or grasp the scale of things when they're in expressed in units they can't easily relate to- but that if something people can relate to is ...
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734 views

How to say “I started to learn Java” in Japanese? [closed]

How to say "I started to learn Java" or "I started to learn Java today"? Thanks! Could you say 私はJavaを学び始めた?
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178 views

Can you use multiple 'no's?

For example, if you wanted to say 'my mother's house' would you say 'watashi no oka-san no ie'?
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146 views

Are どう、どこ、どれ、どの、等、exclusively question words?

Are words like 何、いつ、どう、どこ、どれ、どの、exclusively used to request confirmation for a unknown? Or can they also be used to say the Japanese equivalent of things like "This is HOW you do it", or "This is WHEN ...
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Needing quick help with grammar! Is this the correct way to phrase it? Does this sentence make sense?

Would 佑里子は私にを教えてくれました mean "Yuriko taught me"? Am I saying it correctly and using correct grammar? Otherwise, how would it be best to say "Yuriko taught me. She's a good teacher" Would it make sense ...
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136 views

The particle に when used with 移動する

部屋{へや}へ移動{いどう}します。= Move to the room. 部屋から移動します。= Move from the room. But if I use に, does the sentence「部屋に移動します。」mean to "move to the room" or "move from the room"? Or can the meaning be either ...
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211 views

What is the meaning of もう and もじ? [closed]

わたしのむすめはもうもじをよむことができます。 What is the meaning of もう and もじ?
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128 views

Ambiguous use of はなして?

The younger sister is holding on to the climbing frame, trapped by a wild dog. The older sister is rushing to the rescue: 「お姉ちゃん、来ちゃダメだよ、あぶないよぉ」 Sister, don't come over here. It's dangerous. ...
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240 views

Whats the difference between ぢ and じ? [duplicate]

please also give the pronunciation
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139 views

Understanding verb+ことくらいある

教育実習の先生同士、帰る方向が同じなら一緒に帰ることくらいあるさ If two student teachers' way home is in the same direction then going home together .?.? I can't make any sense of the part in bold. Literally "there is the extent ...
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520 views

Understanding っていうのも

The kids have decided that they don't like their new teacher: A.「ああいうタイプは気取ってやがるに決まってるんだ」 It's certain that this kind of person acts like a snob B.「決まってるっていうのも強引だけどたいていそうだよね」 The thing you ...
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93 views

State of being and the word こと

I have 2 questions: When I put a verb in the past does it already carry the state of being? For instance, the quote 私は疲れますです。First, です translates like "am", right? Now if I wanted to put this ...
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78 views

自然から得られる生産に役立つ要素。 Parsing

自然から得られる生産に役立つ要素。 Can someone help me with this? 自然から得られる=You can obtain from nature 生産に役立つ=Useful for production 要素=Components 自然から得られる生産に役立つ要素。 Components you can obtain from nature which ...
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192 views

Parsing 何を考えているかすぐ解るような態度は改めたほうがいい

「志貴さま。今のは姉さんにはその...」 黙っていてくださいとごにゃごにゃ呟く翡翠。 「なに、今のって琥珀さんに話しちゃいけないことなんだ。そっか。わかった」 そんなことは、ぜひ琥珀さんに教えてあげなくては。 「……志貴さま。その、なにを考えているかすぐ解るような態度は改めたほうがよろしいかと思います」 「ん?なに、別になにも考えてないけど、俺」 ...
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1k views

Can tokidoki only be used in a negative sentence?

I heard that ときどき can only be used in an affirmative sentence, and never in a negative sentence. Is that true? If anyone could please provide an example of ときどき in a negative sentence, that would be ...
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83 views

Can particle で be used for means be used with people?

I'm attempting to make a sentence saying ぼくは ともだち で はなしています I am speaking with a friend While making it I was just wondering if using で would be correct since I kind of felt like ともだち would ...
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195 views

Meaning of phrase 「古く懐かしい歌のように、傍にいてほしい」

I'm a bit confused about the bolded part in the following passage(partly monologue). Is のように shows that 「傍にいてほしい{スタンド・バイ・ミー}」 is the part from the song? Like in the old, nostalgic song, 'Stand by ...
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212 views

Using location words with Subject/topic markers

I can't really figure this out myself so I don't think I can really give an example for this question so I'll just ask it and if it's too obscure to really answer say something in the comments and I'...
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863 views

How to say “If I can be”?

I'm studying Japanese by myself. To become is なる. Able to become / can be = なれる If I say なれば it would mean ”If I became” (conditional) so "If I can be " should be "なれれば"? The sentence I'm trying to ...
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How to say “I recently learned how to speak japanese” in japanese? [closed]

How to say "I recently learned how to speak Japanese" in Japanese? is it: watashi wa hanasemashita nihongo koto ga saikin manabimasu or watashi wa nihongo hanasemashita koto ga saikin ...
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3k views

when should I use を instead of が?

it happens a lot that I'm not sure which of the two is the more correct one. を marks the object and が the subject, I know that. still I get them wrong because it's not that simple, maybe there some ...
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99 views

「君の声が聞こえなくて、逢えると信じる。」

For a research project in artificial intelligence, I investigated parsing Japanese. There was major problems with ambiguity in the mentioned type of sentence; in most cases the ambiguity is obvious to ...
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119 views

To which part of speech belong 〜とはいえ and 〜というものの, and as what part of sentence are they usually used?

I came across 〜とはいえ and 〜というものの. They seem to be fixed expressions but I am not quite sure which part of speech they can be re-analysed as.
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277 views

Meaning of 具体的に [duplicate]

What is the meaning of 具体的に? Usage of particle に in this context is not very clear to me.
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129 views

formal state of being

I'm reading through Tae Kims grammar guide and have just got into the last section. It says that である is the formal state of being. Can anyone tell me...why is this? It would seem logical to me ...
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3k views

present perfect tense in Japanese [duplicate]

How often does Japanese use present perfect tense? My friend has been asking to watch a Japanese anime movie called 風たちぬ, this is the first time I have ever seen this 'nu' particle usage. Before I ...
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210 views

Can we use 通る about 心地 or 気持ち?

Just before these sentence main character told that he is worried about crossing the tunnel(because of some childhood memories). That is why I'm not sure what is he talking about in this sentence(bold ...
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529 views

What does 女子高生に唾液かけた疑い 逮捕の男「困る姿楽しい」 mean?

What does the following sentence mean? 女子高生に唾液かけた疑い 逮捕の男「困る姿楽しい」 Especially the relationships between: 唾液 and かけた 困る姿 and 楽しい Is 困る姿 楽しい?
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213 views

What is the meaning of 「…みけんならみけん…」?

I'm reading a book on how to draw manga style characters, and I came across this sentence. It is part of a larger block explaining how to make a character look the same from all different angles. 同{...
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86 views

Do I have to use nan, ka, or both to ask a question?

I'm going through Genki, and for questions, it gives the example, りゅうがくせいです (I am an international student) can be turned into a question by adding ka to the end. りゅうがくせいですか (Are you an ...