Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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89 views

The role of か in [VERB+か+のNOUN]

The following is from one of the definitions of a word in goo辞書: どちらに傾くかの度合い I do not understand why か is used here instead of こと. Usually, I would expect to see の (or こと) nominalize a verb. ...
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46 views

しまくる as a form of する? [duplicate]

I'm reading a book, in which a character is confused. They use the phrase 混乱しまくる (こんらんしまくる) I can't find anything with しまくる on any dictionary sites and googling the grammar for it comes up with ...
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23 views

Help with grammar, subjects and passives [duplicate]

明日…明日という日が遠い遠い先のことのように感じられた。 What does this mean? My thoughts aren't really organised, so I'll just write down my thought process: 感じる can apparently be both: [please correct this if ...
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44 views

What are the detailed grammatical rules for using ゆえ? [duplicate]

I remember first hearing it in the Japanese catchphrase for Kino's Journey, as "世界は美しくなんかない。そしてそれゆえに美しい". I was curious to look up that part of the sentence in my resources, and turned up a ...
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159 views

Why is the causative used for a transitive verb in this case?

Saw this sample sentence on Tangorin: その物音が私を眠りから覚まさせた。 The noise awoke me from my sleep. Since 覚ます is a transitive verb, I do not understand why not simply use the past tense instead: ...
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407 views

what's the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに?

I can't wrap my head around the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに. I have already looked up at the answers already posted in two previous posts and on the internet, but I still don't get it. I ...
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202 views

meaning of 思っていたところです [duplicate]

What does 思っていたところです means in this sentence? 今、電話をかけようと思っていたところです。 I know that Vているところです means "be doing something", while Vたところです means "just did something". Thus, I was wondering under which ...
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92 views

Help with Japanese sentence order

So, I recently decided to take a try at Japanese again. As such I decided to jump right in to using the vocabulary I know in sentences to see how far I could get. The following is what I came up with, ...
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83 views

Function of と in this sentence

I'm struggling with figuring the function of the particle と in this sentence from a book of Japanese literature in parallel text from the beginning of 夏目漱石's 夢十夜: 腕組をして枕元に坐っていると、仰向に寝た女が、...
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153 views

Choosing に over を in 使役形 depends not solely on the verb [duplicate]

Consider the following sentences: 子供は本を読む。 母は子供[に]{LL}本を読ませる。 Since 読む is a transitive verb (i.e.: 本を読む), に is used to mark the causee (i.e.: 子供) for its causative form 読ませる. Now, consider the ...
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100 views

Is it more natural/popular to use ~てしまう form in a context of “finish sth completely'' or ”do sth by accident''?

Is it more natural/popular to use ~てしまう form in a context of "finish sth completely'' or "do sth by accident''? I mean if I said a sentence like this: ケーキを食べてしまった。 What would a Japanese native ...
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397 views

The grammar of “っていうの” [duplicate]

でもわたしに何ができるの ―― ああ、ほんとうに1ドル87セントで何ができるっていうの? I want to know the grammatical function of "っていう" in the second sentence and how it works. It seems to me that both of the sentences essentially mean "...
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677 views

What does [Verb Pre-Masu Form] + [shi] do in this context? [duplicate]

I am reading Cardcaptor Sakura in order to practice my comprehension. I see a lot of pre-masu form verbs followed by し, and I am not sure if they are the "giving reasons" し, the "connecting ideas" し, ...
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133 views

What's the difference between じゃない and じゃないんだ? [duplicate]

I was learning how to conjugate the state-of-being and I didn't see じゃないんだ in the conjugation chart...I often hear people use it in movies and dramas... is it part of the conjugation for the state-of-...
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43 views

What is this 作りたて [duplicate]

The following is an excerpt from a dialogue between me and my language partner. We were talking about food which is prepared in front of the eyes of a customer in the restaurant/hotel. In the ...
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2answers
261 views

I need help translating as I'm confused with word usage

I need some help with a bit of the Japanese-English translation I'm currently working on. Here is the full Japanese sentence: 返事をした女の子がこちらに近づき、僕の手にナイフを握{にぎ}らせる。 The following is the bit of what I ...
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65 views

How is と used here? [duplicate]

The following is an excerpt from an e-mail conversation between me and my language partner. For some pre- and posttext: ほかに例を挙げると、 ジョンは去年まで3年間日本で働いている。 「去年まで3年間」がはっきりと過去を表しているので、これはジョンの過去の経験で、...
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34 views

くれぇ in this sentence? [duplicate]

膝の調子は悪くても、ハシゴくれぇは押さえられるだろ?! I'm guessing this is some kind of shorter version of something else?
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1k views

Verb + shi vs verb + tari --> what's the difference? [duplicate]

After a verb, they both used to imply "...and other things" or "among other things". What's the difference between them? When is used one and not the other? Which is more common? Are they really more ...
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285 views

Meaning and usage of -つう tsuu? [duplicate]

E.g.目の光つうのか、見ているさきつうのか。 Seems similar to ふうに?よう? Edit: Seems つー is another ver of という. But what meaning does the つー in this sentence mean? This isn't part of the "what someone said or what it's ...
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201 views

などということは vs などというのは, is first one used to “physical things” and second one to “activities”?

I stumbled upon this definition in "tobira". Is my understanding correct, that の is used for "activities and abstracts" and "こと” for more physical things?
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1k views

Difference between ni Yotte and ni Taishite

From http://japanesetest4you.com/flashcard/learn-jlpt-n3-grammar-%E3%81%AB%E3%82%88%E3%81%A3%E3%81%A6-%E3%81%AB%E3%82%88%E3%82%8B-ni-yotte-ni-yoru/: 人によって考え方が違う。 Everyone has a different point of view....
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1answer
136 views

Verb + ようなんて, what does that do? [duplicate]

I'm watching Ponyo, this is dialogue at 30:15: お前達に農場の仕事を見せようなんて連れて来たのがいけなかったのだ。 I'm not sure about ようなんて, what does that do grammatically? Anyway here's how I understand it: It was not ...
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140 views

How do I ask and say “X is the nth president” [duplicate]

Trying to ask "Which number president is Donald Trump" and then "Donald trump is the 45th President of the U.S." I think the first could be どちらの大統領はXですか? but it sounds too simplistic?
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33 views

number + counter + して? [duplicate]

I came across "2人して" recently and am wondering about the function/translation of the "して" in this case. Is it maybe similar to "同士"? If someone could explain this usage to me I would appreciate it, ...
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71 views

Translating きり in a sentence [duplicate]

子供が店に入ったきり姿を消した。 What does きり mean in this context? How would you translate this sentence?
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40 views

How is でも used in this sentence? [duplicate]

Apparently, いつでもいいよ。 translates to "Anytime is fine." I get いつ and いい, but so far I've only learned でも translates as something like "but". How is ist used here, and are there any other similar cases?
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82 views

The purpose of ったって here? [duplicate]

I've read that ったって can mean 'even if' but I'm not sure how the grammar fits in the following: 良く解ったって話だ。 Is it saying "I'm talking about, even If you understand well" Also is there a ...
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65 views

Clarify 俺が振り返ったのと [duplicate]

This phrase comes from がばいばあちゃん p. 169, ch. 13. The whole sentence reads: 俺が振り返ったのと、おっちゃんが箱の中の豆腐を自分の手で潰したのは、ほとんど同時だった。 The context for this sentence is the following. The protagonist, 昭広, is told by ...
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94 views

Causative verbs: when does the doer take を or に? [duplicate]

父は わたしに/を 大学へ行かせました。 I'm confused about what particle I should put after わたし. When it is correct to put を (and に) after the doer in a sentence with a causative verb?
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141 views

Help understanding neutral statement vs… er, non-neutral? に / には [duplicate]

I have two statements in my notes, about a restaurant on the first floor. One is a neutral statement, one is talking about things on the first floor. I am not entirely sure of the context to use them ...
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44 views

とした in this sentence? [duplicate]

Here's the sentence : 僕とした事が忘れてたよ。 What is the role of とした ?
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40 views

ところ has another meaning? [duplicate]

C:坂本さんはいいひとですね。のりかさんは、さかもとのどんなところがすきですか。 のりか:え?はは、ええっと、さかもとさんはとてもやさしいんです。 here さかもとのどんなところがすきですか。 is ambiguous for me. can anyone tell me what does it mean here ?
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間vsうちに and some examples [duplicate]

To be honest this has been pretty confusing, via a grammar book im reading it says When it indicates an interval of time, aida refers to the 'time space' between two points, i.e the beginning and ...
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201 views

Understanding nounと考える

From this article: 静岡県の伊豆は、キンメダイという魚や温泉などが有名な観光地です。 Shizuoka's Izu is famous for hot springs and some weird fish 伊豆の海岸を走っている伊豆急行で、赤いキンメダイをイメージした電車の運転が始まることになりました。 A train service, that looks ...
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2answers
243 views

Verb (nai form) + れ or passive voice without ます/る?

I'm confused with unknown for me verb form, which I faced on two sentences in a row. It looks like Verb (nai form) + れ or passive voice without ます/る. The examples with the full context: 雲は流され ...
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1answer
102 views

What is the difference between these three sentences

I would like to know what is the difference between these setences : 私はやせていて 私はやせています 私はやせている I already know that the difference between v~いる & v~います is just that one is in the ...
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1answer
92 views

difference in position with 後 [duplicate]

I was wondering what the difference between 一週間後 and 後一週間 i know the pronounciation would be いっしゅうかんご and あといっしゅうかん however my teacher was saying that the first one means after one week and the one ...
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1answer
93 views

Negative questions : Normal Vs Explanation seeking

I'm pretty sure this question is basic and may be a duplicate to any existing ones. 授業があるんじゃない? 授業がない? Isn't there a class? There is no class? Seems similar to me.
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56 views

けど/が at the end of sentence but doesn't indicate contradiction? [duplicate]

先生から授業がないと聞いたんだけど... There is no implication of contradiction yet けど is used. Please explain?
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56 views

Usage of 立ち話もなんです in this sentence [duplicate]

I got this from an anime:- 立ち話もなんですから、こちらへどうぞ The sub translates to:- Standing around there chatting is all very well, but please come this way I don't understand how "立ち話もなんですから" can be ...
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1answer
195 views

Grammatical explanation of 高めだし [duplicate]

I found the word 高めだし and I guess it means "really expensive" or something similar. How does it work grammatically? Can -めだし be used after any -i adjective? And what does it mean? Does it come from ...
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41 views

What does this phrase mean?(not asking for translation) [duplicate]

先生の事好きですか here means "do (you all) like (your/the) teacher?" 先生 means teacher and 事 means event. So does 先生の事 means "event of teacher"? Or precisely "the teaching of the teacher"? Then it would mean ...
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197 views

Can you modify nouns with polite verbs in the relative clause?

学校に行く人は学生だ is the plain. So can I use the polite form such as 学校に行きます人は学生です。
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1answer
182 views

what is the proper way to use 一冊? [duplicate]

For example when I say 彼は本を一冊持っています vs 彼は一冊の本を持っています Which is more natural?. the first one seems more correct to me but I don't really know why or...maybe I'm wrong.
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1answer
318 views

Usage of Verb て-form あります [duplicate]

Q: かばんはかいましたか。 A: 1. はい、もうかいました。  2. はい、もうかってあります。 Both answers also correct, but when should I use the second answer?
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67 views

~んです should be used in what condition? [duplicate]

どこでかいますか。 どこでかったんですか。 The meaning of the two sentences are same, right? Yet, in what condition I need to use~んですか。
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1answer
173 views

~たい次第 expression meaning

What does the grammar expression ~たい次第{しだい} mean For example: 次回の集まりをお誘いいただきたい次第です。
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77 views

Imperative with masu stem [duplicate]

I just had my first karate lesson and was puzzled. When the instructor wanted us to start or stop he would say はじめ and やめ. I would have expected to hear はじめろ or はじめて for example. Is it proper grammar ...
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1answer
64 views

Usage of ました form and た form with こと

Example: Is the formal of にほん に いった こと が ありまづ this : にほん に いきました こと が ありまづ. Or is the first one used in both cases?