Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What does 'noun+の+ほかに' mean?

oshirase [今日は日本の授業がありません 私の女の子が熱が痛いですから... 学生たちのほかに調べてくださいね...お願いします...明日宿題は学校の後でSMP Regularの事務所でMr.Jayに取ってください. 月曜日Mr.Jayに出してください.] と私の先生が書いたのです. It turns out that in "学生たちのほかに調べてください", my teacher ...
1
vote
1answer
448 views

How to use だんだん properly?

If I wanted to say, "Ken's getting better and better at Japanese", then would this be correct? けんさんはだんだんじょうずになります。
1
vote
1answer
249 views

Meaning of ことする in this sentence

「うるせえっ。わけのわからねぇことする奴なんて、一発や二発ぶんなぐってやりゃいいんだっ」 Shut up! It's alright to give one or two blows to the kind of idiots who decide not to understand the reason. I'm unsure about the ことする part of this ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Help interpreting this sentence

I have trouble understanding the sentence below 文章が長くならないよう、必要のない部分は省略した I roughly translate: literature doesn't need to be long, omit unnecessary part Can I use passive form “unnecessary part was ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Who is receiving what in this sentence with に対し?

Context: property division between a couple that is divorcing. (Whole document is here: https://goo.gl/yVYQe7) 甲は乙に対し,本日,離婚による財産分与として,下記物件目録記載の不動産の甲の持分全部を分与することとし,本日付財産分与を原因とする甲持分全部移転登記手続をする。 In ...
1
vote
2answers
637 views

は topic particle. What does it mean?

I read different books and anyone has a different explanation. Some of them say: It does not have a gramamar role and native speakers only know that something about that is going to be said after it. ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Difference between この and その

As far as I know (I thought I knew), こ- is related to things that are close to the person who speaks, and そ- is related to the person who is spoken to. Is that right ? However, in a exercise book, I ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Are you allowed to use と in front of が?

For example, if I were saying "This was made by him and I," would it be possible to write it as "これは彼と私が作りました。"? Are you allowed to list multiple things as the subject of the sentence?
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Can someone explain how になって works?

According to Jparser it means to carry on shoulder to bear (burden) to shoulder (gun) I'm not sure if this is correct or not Can you give me a few sentences? Also is this a conjugation form ?
1
vote
2answers
658 views

は、には、に。。。what is the difference between them?

Can anyone explain the difference between the three sentences below and also the use of the grammar? わたしのがっこう は 日本人の せんせい が います。 わたしのがっこう に 日本人の せんせい が います。 わたしのがっこう には 日本人の せんせい が います。
1
vote
1answer
301 views

How to say “Pretty women are not necessarily attractive, let alone ugly women”?

I want to say the following Pretty women are not necessarily attractive, let alone ugly women. in Japanese. My attempt is as follows. 不美人どころか、美人も魅力的だとは限らない。 Is it correct and natural?
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Would まで work here?

In this weekend's Wall Street Journal, there is an article about Russia being a hotbed for terrorism. I apologize for the serious subject matter, but I wanted to see if my understanding of the まで ...
1
vote
1answer
256 views

Meaning of には in this sentence.

……こういう時の遠坂にはどんなワガママもし放題なのであるが、生憎、ここはちょっとの油断で轢き飛ばされる制限速度六十キロ車道、二車線である。 When Tohsaka is like this she does anything she wants but, sadly, this is a a 2 lane traffic road with a limit of 60 km/h where ...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

What is the subject of a sentence like 文字を紙に書いてある?

What is doing てある in 文字を紙に書いてある? I have thought of 書いてある and 書かれている as basically the same, but in 文字が紙に書かれている it is clear that 文字 is doing ている while it isn't clear what is doing てある in 文字を紙に書いてある.
1
vote
1answer
201 views

Is the word ぐらい a noun? Why do we need の between ぐらい and はず?

Recall that はず can follow a noun followed by の a verb in plain form i adjective na adjective followed by な for the present tense and considering the following sentence, 十年前は小学生だったが、...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

What additional meaning that なんだ add to the sentence

A. 彼は大学生ですよ B. 彼は大学生なんだよ What difference that なんだ makes in this sentence? For A, I understand it well as "He is a college student!" For B, eventhough i have read much article written about なんだ... ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Why is という in ボソニックという食べ物 (for example) written in ひらがな rather than と言う?

Why is という in ボソニックという食べ物 (for example) written in ひらがな rather than と言う? In my understanding, ボソニックという食べ物 means "a food called Bosonic".
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Can we use 近づける without an explicit object?

近づける is a transitive verb. X: 僕は子供を池に近づけない。I keep away the children from the pond. But there is a case in which 近づける is used without an object as the following sentence quoted from another answer. ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How to ask “What are the necessary things to bring?” [closed]

I am going on to WWOOF in Hokkaido soon (a programme where you help out at a cafe/pension/farm in exchange for room). Kind of like a working holiday. I am just starting to learn Japanese so the ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Explaining the phrase なかなか片{かた}付{づ}かない

なかなか片{かた}付{づ}かない means "hard to clean up". My question is ~か~ part in this sentence. The verb is 片付ける, but what 片付か is doing here?
1
vote
2answers
147 views

Trouble understanding sentence

「質問に答えていない。 私は、人を殺すのが楽しいのかと訊いたのです」 サーヴァントを睨む。 歪な短刀を持った影は、 「とりわけ何も。第一、殺しちゃ楽しめねえだろ、色々」 ひひ、と。 愉しみを共有したがるよう、下卑た笑いを私に向けた。 What does that last sentence mean? I think he is saying something like:...
1
vote
1answer
796 views

What is N+できる grammar?

Consider the following two sentences. A: 僕は左と右が区別できない。 B: 僕は左と右を区別することができない。 I often see B but just know A now. How can A be possible? What kind of grammar is A? The following sentence (from ...
1
vote
1answer
446 views

What difference does it add when you write それで or これで instead of それは/それが and これが/これは?

What difference does it add when you write the で particle after words like それ and これ?
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Changing が to の outside of relative clauses

A girl asks her mother why she can't keep a catalogue and is told: 「明日の午後に私もお歳暮を買いに行くから、それの参考にするのっ。」 I'm going to buy the year end presents tomorrow afternoon, so I'll use that (catalogue) as a ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Tracing subject sentence and missing classifier

In the following sentence I am not sure if the subject is 始末したコボルト or not. I guess it is the subject and not the group in which is plunged searching for shelter. Is it correct? ...
1
vote
1answer
444 views

What do ほどしかない and 行かないといけないから mean?

I have problems with two grammar constructions that I don't know. The first is ほどしかない and the following is the sentence: 手の爪ほどしかない小ささで、僕が確かめた限り、1〜4階層のモンスターから出てくるのはみんなこんなものだ It is not larger nail of ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

ーているの construction and use of もの

Take the following sentences. The context is, one girl talks to another after having been caught examining someone's collection of stuffed animals. (Very out of character for the second girl.) The ...
1
vote
1answer
709 views

Tobira あいづちとフィラー article

I’m having difficulty understanding some sentences in this article from my textbook. I don't think you need to read the whole article. I tried translating the sentences I'm unsure about below. ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What is the meaning of 「でしたか」 in the sentence「あなたの職場はテプラでしたかネームランドでしたか?」?

I understand the question is asking about whether the workplace uses テプラ or ネームランド cameras, but what exactly does the 「でしたか」 mean in this circumstance?
1
vote
1answer
556 views

What does this structure (~ + も + verb/adjective) mean?

What does Noun-verb + も + する mean? I'm not even sure this is actually a structure. I found it in these 2 sentences: 昨日のパーティーは料理もおいしかったし、雰囲気もよかった。(料理 [も] 美味しかった [し]) リサはよく勉強 [も] する [し]、アルバイト [も]...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

希代の剣豪の好敵手として祭り上げられた剣士を知る者など

出生も不明、実在したかどうかさえ不明瞭。 ただ人々の口端にのみ上り、希代の剣豪の好敵手として祭り上げられた剣士を知る者など、この世でおそらくただ一人。 佐々木小次郎と呼ばれるモノを討ち果たした、史実に残らぬ宿敵のみ。 Birth place unknown, whether he really existed or not also unknown. Only, he ...
1
vote
1answer
368 views

事がなければ meaning in this sentence

宛名も差出人の名前もない紫の封筒があるわあるわ、ざっと目算して三百通は下るまい。 呪、もしくは念が宿るのかもしれない。 何の意味もなく、それらが有象無象の雑多な願いにすぎなくて、そして、ここまで蒐集されてなお人目につく事がなければ、さぞ無念が生じるだろう。 According to my calculations there could not be less than 300 ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

What does adding し to an adjective do? [duplicate]

For example: 楽しいししたいよ~ The し is added to 楽しい. What does it do?
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Particle の following topic marker?

大切にされるタイプってのもあるんだね。 Type who is prized ????? I can't figure out what the particle soup after タイプ means. I'm assuming that って is the colloquial topic marker. If so, then I'm really confused about ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

What does ても+いかん do?

今闘技場にいる観衆は外に出すな、モンスターが脱走したことを悟られてもいかん! What meaning does いかん have in this sentence? I've never seen this before.
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Understanding「汲ませて」 and 「にっぷん」, assuming that is what was said

I have a question regarding what is being said in this video. First of all, what is being said? The following is what I perceived. ...水{みず}を汲{く}ませて、しっかりとにっぷんしてから、撃{う}ちます。 In particular, I am ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Constructing sentence with passive verb

I am learning how to construct a japanese phrase with passive verb. From "Mira-san wa watashi o pa-ti- ni shoutaishimashita" to "Watashi wa Mira-san ni pa-ti- ni shoutaisaremashita". Is the phrase ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

連用修飾語 with で particle

I've been reading an article about 連用修飾語 when I noticed the following lines - 「サルビアの花は真っ赤で美しい。」 「美しい」が形容詞だというのが分かりますか? これを修飾するのは、「真っ赤で」になりますね。つまり、「真っ赤で」が連用修飾語ということになります。 If I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
771 views

どのような and a particle soup

I have the following sentence: 熊の神とはどのようなものか、想像してみたが... My book translates this as I tried to imagine what the Bear God might be like. I have multiple problems: 1) I think どのような means "what ...
1
vote
1answer
524 views

Please tell me how to use Japanese 終助詞 の and だ

I've been learning Japanese for a while, but I usually use 敬語, like です、ます, so I still can not understand how to use something that is not 敬語 correctly, especially the 終助詞. Like の and だ. For example, ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Oddly structured “-ba” verb

Working on translating a song by hand. I'm getting stuck on this line: 助けてくださいなんて言えればさぁ 助けてくださいなんて looks like "Please help me!" 言えればさぁ seems like "if I ask for it." So, does this sentence then ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Correct verb for the subject

I'm a bit confused with 「V酵素は、・・・高純度のものを持っています」 part in the following passage. Since the subject is V酵素, shouldn't it be 「酵素は、年を経て強力になったヴァンパイアほど高純度のものになる。」, or maybe I'm mistaken something? Fast ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

息がつく(つける) and 息をつく(つける) difference?

I'm used to seeing 息をつく and it's easy to understand in parallel to English, as を marks the object (to take => a breath). However, I saw this sentence in a dictionary: 彼の情熱的な抱擁で彼女は息がつけなかった。 His ...
1
vote
2answers
169 views

Can the tense of a subordinate clause be non-relative?

To my understanding, the tense of subordinate clauses is relative: 私は泣いている人に会った。 I met a person, who, at the time, was crying. 私は泣いていた人に会った。 I met a person, who, sometime before our ...
1
vote
1answer
313 views

Dazai Osamu - 人間失格 「自分は[無]{む}だ、[風]{かぜ}だ、[空]{そら}だ」 grammar?

I have a question regarding the following passage: 何でもいいから、笑わせておればいいのだ、そうすると、人間たちは、自分が彼[等]{ら}の[所謂]{いわゆる}「生活」の[外]{そと}にいても、あまりそれを気にしないのではないかしら、とにかく、彼等人間たちの[目障]{めざわ}りになってはいけない、自分は無だ、風だ、[空]{そら}だ、...
1
vote
1answer
407 views

落ちてしまいました versus 落としてしまいました

If I lose my wallet and want to report it to the police officer, what is the correct expression between the two sentences below? 財布が落ちてしまいましたが、。。。 財布を落としてしまいましたが、。。。
1
vote
1answer
333 views

くれる, あげる, and もらう

Which pair is correct? A 父がお正月に一万円あげました。私は今までに、こんなにたくさんもらったことがなかったので、とてもうれしかったです。 B 父がお正月に一万円くれました。私は今までに、こんなにたくさんくれたことがなかったので、とてもうれしかったです。
1
vote
1answer
269 views

Te-form beginner question [duplicate]

いもうとは東京に行っています。 How can I discover the meaning of this sentence? I'm studying the te-form and I'm a little bit confused. The correct translation will be: My little sister is in Tokyo (she´s ...
1
vote
1answer
451 views

どうやってしますか versus どうすればいいですか

I have a difficulty to decide which one I have to use between どうやってしますか and どうすればいいですか. Is there any important thing to differentiate their usage?
1
vote
1answer
359 views

~て、~て、~します versus ~てから、~てから、~します

In my understanding, ~てから、~てから、~します is used to express several consecutive actions that are done one after the others. However, I always find the sentence A below but I never find the sentence B. I ...

1
106 107
108
109 110
129