Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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120 views

もう used with 〜ている

In the following sentence: 特別警報が出たときは、もう被害が出ているかもしれないぐらい危険なときです。 what is the meaning of もう?
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427 views

Why is を used with passive form here?

1. 頭が真っ白になる。何も考えられなくなる。意識が断線する。彼女は自由を奪われた。「檻の鍵は、どこ?」 息を吹きかけるように、囁くように耳元へ声を添えられる。 2.学生は先生に名前を聞かれました。 How do I interpret this? Are they suffering passives? Thanks!
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233 views

How to use “待つ” in the indirect passive?

No one likes to wait, so I thought "待{ま}つ" would be a great verb to use to practice the indirect passive (suffering passive) of an intransitive verb. However, I'm having trouble probably because "待つ" ...
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1k views

遊びます vs 遊べます - 'be' meaning “you can”?

I'm going through a Nintendo DS instruction manual and trying to do a bit of translation. I'd like to ask about the difference between 遊びます and 遊べます。 本ゲームは、 ボタン操作とタッチスクリーン操作の どちらでも遊べます。 I'm sure ...
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3answers
134 views

Another question about ね

Can よ be replaced by ね in some cases? For example, in this sentence I read I think ね is interchangeable with よ: "A:で、男役はお好きで らしたんですか 。 B:いやあ、あんまり好きじゃないですね 。" If so, in which cases can you do it?
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128 views

Why use ん here?

車は駐車場から出てきていったん止まりました. why use ん here? why dont' use ~ 出てきていって止まりました.
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1answer
116 views

Is よう used for first person or second person imperatives?

The volitional form is often translated as "let's," but that's a first person plural imperative and I am not sure if that's the case for Japanese. In Japanese dictionaries, one of the definitions for ...
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329 views

What does わけ do in this sentence?

そんなスゴイ御方は、ヒューマンのお店でアルバイトをしてしまっているわけだけど。勿論、お金を稼いで明日を生き抜くためだ。 What meaning does わけ give to that sentence? Is it indicating a reason? Thanks!
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655 views

How is しまえば used? In what context and how it should translated to?

Was reading a light novel and this sentence popped up: ここまで動{うご}いてしまえば、フューネラルに気付{きづ}かれるのも時間の問題かもしれません。 フューネラル refers to an organisation within the light novel setting. I'm confused by the usage ...
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69 views

Usage of と in 明日は来られないと先生に伝えてください

Is this mean, if you don't come tomorrow, please tell the teacher ? Can we use なら instead of と Is there any imply that when should they tell the teacher, such as if they plan to not come tomorrow then ...
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98 views

針音ノ時計塔 or 時計塔ノ針音?

I am referring to the lyrics of this vocaloid song: Handbeat Clocktower I have the impression that the title (which also comes up in the lyrics) means "the handbeat of the clocktower" (or in other ...
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1answer
287 views

What is the difference between 落とす and なくす?

Consider the following two sentences: A: かぎをなくしてしまいました。 B: かぎを落としてしまいました。 I have looked up in dictionaries and I found 落とす :drop, lose, etc なくす :lose 落ちる :drop, fall, etc I think the ...
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156 views

Who is doing the action?

「迷宮都市オラリオ。「ダンジョン」と通称される地下迷宮を保有する。いや迷宮の上に築き上げられた巨大都市。都市、ひいてはダンジョンを管理する「ギルド」を中核して栄える都市は、ヒューマン含めあらゆる種族の亜人が生活を営んでいる。」 How can you figure out who is doing the action of ギルドを中核にする? Thank you!
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145 views

What is 帰す form here?

The relevant bit goes like: 我が祈りを聞き給え 生きとし生けるものすべては主に帰せん 我が魂よ再び安らぐがよい主は報いて下さるがゆえに Going off context ん seems to be a volitional auxiliary (推量) as it would make the middle bit as "to you (...
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2answers
287 views

Using と to link clauses instead of て

I've seen several posts saying that と cannot be used to mean 'and' when linking clauses. They say it should be treated as 'when'. I have come across several sentences in my studies that do not support ...
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859 views

Explaining Tense in Japanese

I find that Japanese is a weird language for its learners, especially for those who've already learned English. In English one usually uses two tenses: present and past, however in Japanese there are ...
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207 views

Asking about “time sent” and “time received”

What is the proper syntax for questions like "When was this message sent?" or "When did you receive my message?". Another example would be "What time was it when was this message received?". Beyond ...
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1answer
136 views

Verbal forms allowed to determine a noun

I'm not confident that the English grammatical words I'm using are okay; feel free to correct me. Let's start with the phrase 読{よ}む本{ほん} meaning, among other acceptable translations "the book I do ...
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1answer
299 views

Meaning of 次の日はないようにする

The sentence is found in a monologue about a persons working habits, particularly how they don't have time to sleep, and are constantly working at their 3 jobs. The paragraph goes: ほとんど寝てなかったね。...
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1k views

How is からだ used here?

How should I parse the part that comes after 許さない: その形容から打突こそ主体と思われるが、槍{やり}の基本戦術は払いにある (1)。長さに物を言わせた広範囲の薙{な}ぎ払いは、もとより身を引いて躱{かわ}す、などという防御を許さないからだ (2)。 Feels like it makes the sentence flow a bit ...
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2answers
231 views

How to describe a recurring/retrieved condition?

I don't understand how to describe a recurring or retrieved condition. Is there a special way to express sentences like: a) I was sick, but now (just now), I am finally better again. I want to ...
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2answers
813 views

How to say “Tell Paul to send me the letter I wrote for his father”

I want to say: Tell Paul to send me the letter I wrote for his father. My attempt is: パオロさんに それ 父に 書いてあげる 手紙、出してあげると 伝えてください Is this grammatically correct? How could it be written otherwise?
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If 「は」 marks a topic, and 「が」 marks a subject, what does 「です」 do in terms of nuance?

When using 「は」 it means the word before it is the topic of the sentence, it also implies contrast. (e.g. 「私は犬です」 means, "As for me, I am a dog" This means that I'm not a cat.) When using 「が」 it means ...
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329 views

Expressing similarity

Below are the 2 forms of similarity expressed for (V) ~nai and (N). Do I summarize these forms correctly? Self-deduction: (negative verb) ふらなさそうだ (noun) かのじょ王女みたい hearsay: (negative ...
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2answers
470 views

expressing 'not possible that' [duplicate]

kono team ga makeru (hazu ga nai / wake ga nai). Which one is correct? How do we differentiate the use of the above?
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255 views

Repeating subject for emphasis okay?

For example I find myself saying things like: What did you win, bro? I could leave out the "bro" and the sentence would be complete but I unconsciously add emphasis with the subject again because ...
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311 views

Help with ~ようにそっとする

I'd like help with this passage. It is from the workbook 日本語総まとめN2: 「もちろん、試合前の練習や表情、試合後の様子などを知りたくないなどというつもりはありませんが、なるべく試合だけに集中できるよう、ファンへのサービスに気をつかわなくてもいいようにそっとしてあげられたら、と思わずにはいられないのです。」 The first ...
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630 views

Interpretation of て+もらえる

In the beginning of the music video for "Guns for Hands" by Twenty One Pilots (EDIT: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pmv8aQKO6k0), there's some subtitles: 君だって気付いてもらえないよ It gets translated as "They ...
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1answer
481 views

Conjugation of いけない or いける?

In "宿題をしなくてはいけなかった" meaning "Had to do homework.", is the word "いけなかった" derived from "いける" (verb conjugation) or from "いけない" (i-adjective conjugation)?
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45 views

したくち where does the ち come from? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence:  森井靖子も詫田の影響で身体を細くしたくちらしいな、と加賀は思った。 I get the meaning as a whole but I am not sure about the ち after したく. Is it just a colloquial version of したくて?
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53 views

Why to use the て-form in questions? [duplicate]

Anybody around here knows why it is used the て-form in 覚えてないのかい instead of 覚えないのかい in the next sentence? 僕はさっきもう君にすっかり話したじゃないか。 それとも、覚えてないのかい? I've already seen this before in other question ...
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97 views

ます Verb Stem + another verb grammar meaning?

I was practicing writing and got corrected by a few native speakers. They all had a correction in common where they took the ます Verb Stem and then just added a different verb on the back. What ...
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this 強くあるために meaning [duplicate]

I found 強くあるために in this song http://www.kasi-time.com/item-21360.html and http://j-lyric.net/artist/a00968f/l00381a.html I'm a bit sure that it means "to be strong" Is 強くある same with 強くなる ?
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What are the implications of 「~だこと」「~ですこと」? [duplicate]

I have seen these constructions (「~だこと」「~ですこと」) in drama and anime several times now, though, as far as I remember exclusively used by female speakers. Here is one of the sentences I came across... ...
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73 views

Why is there 'は' before 'あるく' in this sentence? [duplicate]

風の枯木をひろってはあるく Kaze no kareki o hirotte wa aruku To my understanding it says something like ''wind leaves picking, I walk..'' but I couldn't grasp why there is a ''は'' before ''あるく''.
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83 views

Why is に used in these sentences?

Does the particle に indicate direction in these sentences or why is it used here? Would someone be so kind to explain? わたしはかみにえがく。 I draw on paper. せんせいにしつもんをしている。 I ask the teacher a ...
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101 views

Japanese Name of the て-form without the て

While reading this old question, I began wondering what the て-form without the て (i.e. 書いて→書い、読んで→読ん、行って→行っ) is called in Japanese. Wikipedia calls it 2つ目の連用形. Some other places call it 連用形の促音便形 or ...
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94 views

ようと followed by a noun

I found this sentence in a manga when the main character was trying to make a call from a prison phone; however she is knocked down by another prisoner before she can do so and is said: 『...
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85 views

What is the meaning of のだと in this context?

これが学習者にとっては妙なのだと気付くには慣れが必要かもしれませんが What does のだとmean here ?
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1answer
161 views

What does 私はお願いしたいんですけど mean in this context?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4WlniHylrU&t=143s This is a part of a legendary speech made by the former president of Nintendo at SpaceWorld. From my understanding, he is talking about the ...
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0answers
55 views

What is the meaning or usage of the に at the end of the following sentence?

あなたもできる対処法とは? 不安から日常安心できる生活に 。 So what does the に here refer to? Is it になる?
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Causative and the particle に + how to properly translate

I came across this sentence in the Yugioh Manga: 「最大の誤算は貴様ごときに神を拝ませることになろうなぁんてねぇ」 (the preceding sentence: 「俺は貴様を多少みくびっていた....」) I used Please help me identify who does what in this sentence and ...
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70 views

たい form + としている

I found this construction, which I don't really understand, a couple of time, which make me asking myself if it's a set phrase or something: このスキー場は来月2日に2本のコースの営業を始め、...
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145 views

Does this sentence make sense “タバコとっても大嫌いよ、タバコの香り特にな” [closed]

Im writing an essay about myself in Japanese to practice my grammar and such. And I want to know if this sentence sounds natural or not and whether Iam using "特に" "香り" and "な" correctly. And if it ...
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1answer
91 views

What does かとか mean in this sentence?

血筋かとか言われたくなかったんでな. I've been watching some anime and came across this sentence and while i understand what it means i can't understand the (かとか)part.
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46 views

~たる form of a verb [duplicate]

Context: a boy is always been a head shorter than a friend of his, and he always said: いつか、必ず抜いたるけんな which I think I can quite understand ("Someday, I'm sure I'll surpass him"), but not really, ...
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0answers
43 views

Meaning of と in this sentence [duplicate]

In a short story I'm reading (or trying to) I found this sentence: 屋上の手すりから、ひらひらと風になびくタータンチェックのひだスカートと、そこからにょっきりと生えた二本の脚とが見えた I think the general meaning is the character saw from the rooftop's ...
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0answers
45 views

Is this ね like ない? [duplicate]

In a short story I'm trying to read I found this sentence, and the part in bold confused me: その時間内にやってしまわねばならない仕事が山積みだった I think it means "There was a lot of work I had to do in that time", but I'...
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62 views

What's the meaning of という in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm going crazy over this, i would like to understand the meaning of という in this sentence and i can't find anywhere a specific answer: 昔の中国 では、珍しい貝殻がお金として使われていたということである。 I know the meaning of という ...
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59 views

What is the difference between 以外と、案外 and 割と

I've been having a bit of trouble differentiating between these 3 grammatical points as their usage is quite similar and can be interchanged at times. Can someone explain the difference with some ...

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