Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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103 views

Usage of じゃないか when not a tag question or a negative question

This answer had the following translation: そんなに笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。 You don't have to laugh like that. (Please, don't laugh at me like that!) I haven't seen じゃありませんか (じゃないか) used like this before....
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83 views

Translation of basic sentence confused on subject placement

I am attempting to translate some sentence and got some weird solutions. 1) There is a post office over there. There is a bank, too. あそこはゆうびんきょくですあそこもぎんこうです。 I guess what I am saying is there (over ...
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161 views

When should I say the phrase ビールのおかわりお願いします?

When should I say this phrase? ビールのおかわりお願いします。 Bīru no o kawari onegaishimasu. I couldn't figure out the meaning. My main source of confusion is that I've never seen this sentence ...
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369 views

ことである in Japanese grammar

Do ことである and ことがある mean the same thing?
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What does これからもよろしくね mean?

A Japanese person said that to me and I was utterly lost. I tried to dissect the sentence: これ = this から = from も = also よろしく = (Honestly, I don't know what this means) ね = a suffix that women ...
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In the phrase いかないで (Ikanaide), what's the function of で (de)? [duplicate]

I'm aware that 行かない means "don't go" (hope I'm not wrong). What I don't understand is the function of で. What's its use in this sentence? (I usually see that character used in です).
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281 views

difference between 好きになれる and 好きになる

好きになる means fall in love/come to love, but what about 好きになれる? Does it mean "can come to love"? What does 好きになれる mean in this sentence? 先輩と一緒にいられないなら、わたしに誰が好きになれるの嫌だ
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why is NOT using the ~ている form wrong in this instance?

In a Japanese class, we were given a sentence to modify it into a conveying speech. So for example, 天気予報によると明日は雨が降る。ー> 天気予報によると明日は雨が降るそうです。 Now, we were given this sentence. ...
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118 views

…に間違い言わない - Meaning and grammar [closed]

I can't understand very well the meaning and the grammar in this sentence: 田中さんの言葉に間違い言わない! Is possibile that the its meaning is something like "Tanaka-san is always right?"
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987 views

Why does “aka” become “akai” in “Kuruma wa akai desu”?

I checked the dictionary and found out that red is "aka" Why does Google Translate turn aka to akai? Kuruma wa akaidesu (By the way, why is akai joined with desu?)
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I need help understanding the grammar in this sentence

I am still in the beginning stages of learning japanese grammar and while I understand the meaning of the kanji I don't understand what のも means in the context of this sentence. 自分で言うのも なんだ けど
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What does this となった express? [duplicate]

For full context, see here. The sentence in question: 厳しい冷え込みとなった25日朝、滝つぼが一面凍りついたほか、流れ落ちる滝の周りにはつららができていて、岩場が氷で白く染まっていました。 I already posted a fairly similar question here. But I cant really find ...
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What's the natural way to say it sounds + adjective in Japanese? [closed]

So for example: That sounds scary to me. Google translates it as それは私に恐ろしいと思う。 Does that sound natural in Japanese? Thanks.
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115 views

Why is が used here instead of に?

The following is an excerpt out of a conversation between me and my language partner. For context: 基本的には italki と同じです。時間があるときにメッセージを読んだり書いたりします。Skype の便利なところは、イラスト、写真、リンク、ファイルなど、いろいろなものを送れるところです。...
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180 views

Meaning of 私のことを好きにならない人が好きみたい

The sentence 私のことを好きにならない人が好きみたい means "I like someone who doesn't like me back", but someone said to me that it means "I try liking someone who doesn't like me". Which is correct?
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101 views

What does this type of sentence structure mean

そんなことを言われたら、怒るもの、もっともです。 There seems to be a pattern of dictionary form verb + mono + comma + description. Any good references for this with 例文?
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747 views

How to use 終助詞 -わ

I've looked up a lot on how to use the feminine 終助詞 "-わ", but I still don't understand concretely grammatically where it is ok and where it is incorrect. I do not use it for multiple reasons, but I ...
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135 views

Usage of というのに in this sentence

I think I understand the meaning of the following passage, but I'm non really sure about the usage of というのに in this case. Can you help me? 環境に影響の大きい自家用車での来場を減らす努力をしないというのに矛盾を感じるんです。
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Difference between ので and て Form?

I've found this question across my JLPT N4 practice 1) 楽しかったですよ。参加(できなくて/できないので)、残念でしたね. The answer is できなくて What are the differences between ので and て in usage for reasonings?
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What is the difference between these two phrases?

I was creating some simple phrases using the help of Google Translator but it translated a phrase that I wrote: 君の車はあまり新しくない But converted this exact phrase to: あなたの車はあまり新しいものではありません。 Well at ...
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How to interprete this から?

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/hK45eJm/img-20170916-0001-new.pdf The sentence in question was taken from line 6-7: 現金収入が少ないため、費用をかけずに行わなければならないからである。 First, my attempt at ...
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380 views

How do I say “Is this person serious?”

Is "この人は本気ですか?" correct? Any better ways to say this?
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How does this sentence work

予定や経学が実際と違った場合を話してください。 "Please talk about a case where plans and plans practical and changed." I intentionally left my translation in this rather desolate state because it shows my 2 problems very ...
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155 views

What does this なのである do in this sentence?

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/5vuuiCe/img-20170821-0002-new.pdf The sentence in question (last line): 今、カラオケは単なる機械ではなく、日本が世界中に誇る文化なのである。 First, my attempt at translation: "Now,...
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55 views

How to interprete this sentence?

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/dEbqqGI/img-20170816-0001-new.pdf The sentence in question is the following (line 15): 例文ですか。入っている辞書の数はこれより少なくてもかまいませんか。 I have a strong feeling ...
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89 views

About くれ in 契約を守ってくれなくては困る

In the sentence below, is くれ imperative form of くれる? 契約を守ってくれなくては困る
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161 views

Issues with this sentence

The following dialogue: A: 将棋がお強いと伺いましたが。 B: いやあ、人に自慢するほどじゃありませんが、始めてもう40年になりますね。 First, I have problems determining the meaning of 伺う. Does it mean "to ask" or "to be told" here? Second, I ...
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574 views

Use of どうも in this sentence

彼は、どうも彼女に会いにこの展望台を訪れているようです It seems that he visited the lookout to meet her In terms of どうも, the person in question has already visited her several times and there really isn't much difficulty in ...
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280 views

When do you use の to join nouns and colours/adjectives?

When do you use の to join nouns and colours? I know that green pencil is 緑{みどり}の鉛筆 【えんぴつ】but I'm not sure if it's the same for other colours or adjectives.
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216 views

I can't recognize anything in this sentence

For context, see this document: https://www.docdroid.net/uHP3GDN/img-20170622-0001-new.pdf.html Counted upwards from the bottom of the text, it is sentence 4. でも、学校は6時からって なってますが 、仕事のほうは大丈夫ですか。 So, ...
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42 views

Do I need to use の or が in this sentence [duplicate]

先生の言ったとおりにやってください or 先生が言ったとおりにやってください I'm trying to say "Please do as the teacher said"
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もし and たら. verbs of giving and receiving

もしつごうよかったら、どこかゆうめいなところをあんないしてあげてくれませんか. In the above sentence if both もし and たら translate to "if", why are they both used? Does あげてくれませんか mean "Won't you do it for me"?
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translating a headline, て form

TDL舞台に誘拐ミステリー⁉︎/噂、デマが飛び交って大騒ぎ This is a headline from an article. How would you translate the whole headline? I don't know how I should translate the て from of the verb 飛び交う.
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What's the usage of ばかり in “見たこと無いものばかりだわ!”?

I've got a feeling it's an intensifier for the statement, but I want to be certain about the grammatical stuff behind it, since I've only seen one mention of that in all of my materials and research
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364 views

What does わけもない mean?

Xの声無き叫びが、Yたちに届くわけもない。 EDIT : I think that it is another way of saying "わけがない" but then what is the difference with "わけもない".
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In which cases pronouns can be omitted in questions?

The phrase "doko kara kimasu" is translated as "where do you come from" . I suppose this a short version of "anata wa doko kara kimasu ka" . If I want to ask where does he come from? I suppose I ...
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91 views

なら and から what's the relation?

A:この本を読んでみてください。 B:これなら難しくないから、私にも読めそうです。 Google translator said "This is not difficult, so I can read it." It's somehow convincing translation but I don't yet get the meaning of なら and から here ...
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809 views

食べていました and its use

I was wondering about __ていました and its use. By this I mean, is it possible to turn a て form verb into ていました? For example, would you ever use 食べていました instead of 食べました? Just wondering if it is possible ...
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337 views

Some congratulations phrases for birthday?

Hi I want to write a congrats message to my Japanese friend and I want to tell him this: Happy birthday I wish you so many more wonderful experiences and have a lot of fun this day ...
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87 views

What does おなり mean in this sentence?

What does おなり mean in: 気持におなりになった あと一カ月ぐらいして、もし君が説明してもいいというお気持におなりになったら、そのときは僕たちにご連絡くださいませ、だ
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How to express the reason for scolding someone

Edit: added previous context Maruko has just asked grandad if he would save her from a wild dog. Grandad is scared but doesn't want to say 'no' to Maruko. I thought my problem was only with the last ...
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For laying out Japanese text in a piece of graphic design do you need to stick to some rules? [closed]

Example I have the english text "enjoy music" which from google translate looks like this 音楽を楽しむ where music is 音楽 , so can I do this を楽しむ -(enjoy) ...
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4k views

How to say “You are able to” or “You can do this”

Title says it all. I am looking for sentence structures that can convey this meaning.
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109 views

の or は, which particle would be a better choice in this sentence?

才能がないことはないけど、私(の or は)才能があまりすごくない。 "It's not that I don't have talent, but my talents aren't very cool." Which particle would be more acceptable? I ask this because in Japanese there are phrases ...
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119 views

貢がせる verb and its usage

遠坂にそんな高価な品を貢がせる悪しき男はあたしが天に代わって誅罰を下してくれるわー!キエー!」 【貢がせる女、貢ぐ男】 1. 思わせぶりな態度で男に貢がせようとする女のこと。 2. セックスのために売春婦に金を払う男、または付き合うために女に貢ぐ男。 The evil man who is tricking Tohsaka with precious goods. Is this ...
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203 views

Correct usage of 'you'?

I need a little help with the phrase 'You are...' For simplicity, I'm going to you the example: 'You are helpful.' It's an awkward example, yes, but it's the best I could find. :P Are these correct? ...
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368 views

ようにと meaning and Causative of する verbs

I am not sure about the causative form of する verbs. For example, while reading I found this: 小源を以て大源に作用させる、魔術師の機械。 I understand this sentence as: The mechanism of magicians which let the ...
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336 views

What does であればこそ mean?

であればこそ、そうした課題の地平に、私たちにとっての「里」、そして、自然との折り合いかたをたえず模索する契機となりうる新たな《里山》 像という結実が期待されるだろう。 Can someone explain what であればこそ means?
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274 views

Infinitive form + た or た form

兄ちゃんも行きたいって言ってたし。 I'm pretty sure it's 言. The only difference is the top mark is horizontal. Every time time I analyze it, though, I wind up with 言. Anyway, my question regards the 行きた. According ...
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604 views

てほしい particle usage

管理に適切な分家筋を選んでほしい。 I understand the meaning, but not the particle used. 貴方に英語を教えて欲しい に is used to show the one who does the action you want him to. を is used to show what you want to have done. ...