Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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81 views

Why can「うんざり」be used directly preceding「だ」/「です」?

I recently came across 「うんざり」(which dictionaries describe as an "adverb" and "する-verb"), and cannot figure out why it works in sentences where it directly precedes 「だ」/「です」. An example is: 「...
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26 views

Why use で instead of とhere? [duplicate]

冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 This sentence is very simple but I don't understand why で is being used instead of と here.
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137 views

Usage of で after みんな [duplicate]

これしかないから みんなでどうにかやってきたんだろう In the sentence above, why after みんな, instead of particle は or particle が, particle で is used?
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「私はジョンにラジオを貸した遣りました.」は、違いますか? [closed]

この文は訳して見たが、全然わからない。 "I lent John a/my radio." でも、「て-やる」は、「貸して遣りました」と思った。
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Questions about possession phrases

I'm asking here since I didn't manage to find a definitive answer to my questions. 1. When should I use には and when は? The only thing I managed to find online is that は is used when a quantity is ...
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107 views

Adjective-Nominalization さの vs normal usage with な

I try reading a Japanese book for the first time and I have some trouble with the sentence: たったひとりとはいえ、その自分を惨めさの道連れにした。 I think I somewhat get the meaning of it, but I am confused why 惨め is ...
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23 views

Differences between 中 and (いて)います/あります [duplicate]

for example, I'd heard many times 入力中 but also 入力しています and now I'm very confused. Also, can someone give me examples?
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143 views

始める vs 出す vs になる

Elementary grammar books cover the difference between '赤ちゃんは歩き始めた' and '赤ちゃんは歩き出した'. However, there seem to be one more grammatically correct way to say 'to begin doing something', namely Vstem+になる. I ...
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2answers
133 views

Noun+に and intransitive verbs clarification

「私に甘えっぱなしだなんて、そんなこと気にしないで良いんだからね……?」- act spoiled "to"/depend on me だからあんたも、何かの間違いで私に惚れたりしないでよ? どうせ面倒なことにしかならなそうだし - fall in love "towards" me? はい、魔力とは人の持つ欲望に根ざすもの - probably location に, ...
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Is にとって often shortened to に in spoken, colloquial Japanese?

For example, 「昼ごはんに寄せ鍋を食べた」or 「私に(は)辛すぎる」, in both cases meaning "for".
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Confused about this usage of の [duplicate]

日本での生活は楽しいです。 I'm not sure about the usage of の here. Is 日本で生活は楽しいです。correct?
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を usage over から and で in example sentences related to movement [duplicate]

While reading a grammar book, I learned を may mark a.) a starting point of where a movement occurs, or b.) mark a location where a movement occurs. Examples: a1.) 車{くるま}を降りました{おりました}。(He) got out ...
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63 views

Use of の in colored objects [duplicate]

It seems to me that some colors need の when describing an item, yet others don't. For example: 黄色のくつ (Yellow shoes; has の) 赤いくつ (Red shoes; no の) オレンジ色のくつ (Orange shoes; has の) 青いくつ (Blue shoes; no ...
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28 views

What meaning does としよう have in this sentence? [duplicate]

邪魔な住民どもを排除するとしよう This is a sentence from episode 1 of "働く細胞", that's airing this season. What's the difference from just saying 排除しよう?
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Help with 出てしまって vis a vis people afflicted with disease

A: この国の夏暑いですから…大変でしょう? B: 最初はビックリしました B: 「夏バテ」…と言ったかしら ダウンする子も出てしまって 食事も気を使いますしね~ Preliminary translation: A: Summers are really hot here so…was it difficult for you? B: ...
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56 views

Trouble with 出ては消え in this sentence [duplicate]

I think I understand the meaning thanks to the context, but I don't understand why the first verb is in te form and the second in masu stem after a は particle(i.e.,I don't understand the structure ...
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31 views

この下の文章の「は」はどういう意味ですか。 [duplicate]

「そりゃあ、人間だって勉強しなけりゃ、字を読んだり書いたりできるようにはならない。」
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1answer
79 views

Meaning of "さすがにそこまではしません!”

The basic context is this is in response to someone explaining themselves after an accusation was thrown at them. The speaker was a listener in this conversation who trusts the accused. I just can't ...
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1answer
125 views

I'm trying to describe a bird hopping from branches to branches

Respected readers, I would very much appreciate your help for this problem, So, I want to say: 'These birds prefer hopping over flying, so normally you would see them hopping from branches to ...
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129 views

What is the meaning of 見たいない? [closed]

Why use 見たいない instead of 見たくない? Does it infer a different meaning? I found it in this sentence: 一定の点数に見たいない者は2次試験を受けることができない.
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117 views

Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?

I have been wondering about it for a while, Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?
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29 views

What is the function of に in this sentence? [duplicate]

待ち合わせ場所は名古屋市内。ショートカットの髪型にTシャツ、デニムで来てくれたのはユウさん(仮名)、いま高校生です。(source)
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Somebody can Help me with The sentence [closed]

Sentence: 私なり 副担任の三神先生にでも もちろん Please explain the phrase to me.
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1answer
134 views

What is the meaning of いくらもしないうちに from Spice and Wolf?

I have been reading Spice and Wolf with relative ease. Alas, I understand everything in the following phrase ヤレイと酒が飲めないことは残念だったが、どの道ホロが出ればいくらもしないうちに部外者を追い出して祭りは佳境に入る。 except for (most especially ...
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141 views

Grammar question ~そうとしない [duplicate]

I was reading this sentences, and I've come across a grammar structure I am not familiar with: ~そうとしない Original sentence: 春江は泣いてばかりいて何も話そうとしない。 Harue is just crying and won't talk about anything. ...
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76 views

Which grammar structure does this sentence fit into?

Which grammar structure does the following sentence fit into? あのナイフは、パンを切るのにつかいます。 I translated it as "That knife is used to cut bread". However, I can't understand the 切るのにつかいます part. The closest ...
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1answer
85 views

The role of か in [VERB+か+のNOUN]

The following is from one of the definitions of a word in goo辞書: どちらに傾くかの度合い I do not understand why か is used here instead of こと. Usually, I would expect to see の (or こと) nominalize a verb. ...
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46 views

しまくる as a form of する? [duplicate]

I'm reading a book, in which a character is confused. They use the phrase 混乱しまくる (こんらんしまくる) I can't find anything with しまくる on any dictionary sites and googling the grammar for it comes up with ...
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23 views

Help with grammar, subjects and passives [duplicate]

明日…明日という日が遠い遠い先のことのように感じられた。 What does this mean? My thoughts aren't really organised, so I'll just write down my thought process: 感じる can apparently be both: [please correct this if ...
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44 views

What are the detailed grammatical rules for using ゆえ? [duplicate]

I remember first hearing it in the Japanese catchphrase for Kino's Journey, as "世界は美しくなんかない。そしてそれゆえに美しい". I was curious to look up that part of the sentence in my resources, and turned up a ...
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1answer
151 views

Why is the causative used for a transitive verb in this case?

Saw this sample sentence on Tangorin: その物音が私を眠りから覚まさせた。 The noise awoke me from my sleep. Since 覚ます is a transitive verb, I do not understand why not simply use the past tense instead: ...
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388 views

what's the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに?

I can't wrap my head around the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに. I have already looked up at the answers already posted in two previous posts and on the internet, but I still don't get it. I ...
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197 views

meaning of 思っていたところです [duplicate]

What does 思っていたところです means in this sentence? 今、電話をかけようと思っていたところです。 I know that Vているところです means "be doing something", while Vたところです means "just did something". Thus, I was wondering under which ...
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92 views

Help with Japanese sentence order

So, I recently decided to take a try at Japanese again. As such I decided to jump right in to using the vocabulary I know in sentences to see how far I could get. The following is what I came up with, ...
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82 views

Function of と in this sentence

I'm struggling with figuring the function of the particle と in this sentence from a book of Japanese literature in parallel text from the beginning of 夏目漱石's 夢十夜: 腕組をして枕元に坐っていると、仰向に寝た女が、...
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151 views

Choosing に over を in 使役形 depends not solely on the verb [duplicate]

Consider the following sentences: 子供は本を読む。 母は子供[に]{LL}本を読ませる。 Since 読む is a transitive verb (i.e.: 本を読む), に is used to mark the causee (i.e.: 子供) for its causative form 読ませる. Now, consider the ...
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99 views

Is it more natural/popular to use ~てしまう form in a context of “finish sth completely'' or ”do sth by accident''?

Is it more natural/popular to use ~てしまう form in a context of "finish sth completely'' or "do sth by accident''? I mean if I said a sentence like this: ケーキを食べてしまった。 What would a Japanese native ...
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364 views

The grammar of “っていうの” [duplicate]

でもわたしに何ができるの ―― ああ、ほんとうに1ドル87セントで何ができるっていうの? I want to know the grammatical function of "っていう" in the second sentence and how it works. It seems to me that both of the sentences essentially mean "...
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651 views

What does [Verb Pre-Masu Form] + [shi] do in this context? [duplicate]

I am reading Cardcaptor Sakura in order to practice my comprehension. I see a lot of pre-masu form verbs followed by し, and I am not sure if they are the "giving reasons" し, the "connecting ideas" し, ...
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133 views

What's the difference between じゃない and じゃないんだ? [duplicate]

I was learning how to conjugate the state-of-being and I didn't see じゃないんだ in the conjugation chart...I often hear people use it in movies and dramas... is it part of the conjugation for the state-of-...
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43 views

What is this 作りたて [duplicate]

The following is an excerpt from a dialogue between me and my language partner. We were talking about food which is prepared in front of the eyes of a customer in the restaurant/hotel. In the ...
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2answers
257 views

I need help translating as I'm confused with word usage

I need some help with a bit of the Japanese-English translation I'm currently working on. Here is the full Japanese sentence: 返事をした女の子がこちらに近づき、僕の手にナイフを握{にぎ}らせる。 The following is the bit of what I ...
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63 views

How is と used here? [duplicate]

The following is an excerpt from an e-mail conversation between me and my language partner. For some pre- and posttext: ほかに例を挙げると、 ジョンは去年まで3年間日本で働いている。 「去年まで3年間」がはっきりと過去を表しているので、これはジョンの過去の経験で、...
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34 views

くれぇ in this sentence? [duplicate]

膝の調子は悪くても、ハシゴくれぇは押さえられるだろ?! I'm guessing this is some kind of shorter version of something else?
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963 views

Verb + shi vs verb + tari --> what's the difference? [duplicate]

After a verb, they both used to imply "...and other things" or "among other things". What's the difference between them? When is used one and not the other? Which is more common? Are they really more ...
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271 views

Meaning and usage of -つう tsuu? [duplicate]

E.g.目の光つうのか、見ているさきつうのか。 Seems similar to ふうに?よう? Edit: Seems つー is another ver of という. But what meaning does the つー in this sentence mean? This isn't part of the "what someone said or what it's ...
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195 views

などということは vs などというのは, is first one used to “physical things” and second one to “activities”?

I stumbled upon this definition in "tobira". Is my understanding correct, that の is used for "activities and abstracts" and "こと” for more physical things?
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1answer
1k views

Difference between ni Yotte and ni Taishite

From http://japanesetest4you.com/flashcard/learn-jlpt-n3-grammar-%E3%81%AB%E3%82%88%E3%81%A3%E3%81%A6-%E3%81%AB%E3%82%88%E3%82%8B-ni-yotte-ni-yoru/: 人によって考え方が違う。 Everyone has a different point of view....
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1answer
135 views

Verb + ようなんて, what does that do? [duplicate]

I'm watching Ponyo, this is dialogue at 30:15: お前達に農場の仕事を見せようなんて連れて来たのがいけなかったのだ。 I'm not sure about ようなんて, what does that do grammatically? Anyway here's how I understand it: It was not ...
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139 views

How do I ask and say “X is the nth president” [duplicate]

Trying to ask "Which number president is Donald Trump" and then "Donald trump is the 45th President of the U.S." I think the first could be どちらの大統領はXですか? but it sounds too simplistic?