Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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142 views

How do you say something like “trapped rabbit” in Japanese

"Trapped" is a past participle (that is it is being used like an adjective despited being derived from a verb), so the word "rabbit" must be the subject (or the object) some other verb. Thus, in ...
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216 views

Is it 行 or 行く? I am unsure of which one

I have two sentences: 時々、うみえ行くをが好きです。 and 母はよく週末に祖父と祖母のいえ行、そこでとまリます。 I want to see if both of them are correctly stated, and I believe that the second one might not be. In the first sentence, ...
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Why is で necessary in the following sentence? [duplicate]

I used Google Translate to say "I'm not Korean." I expected something like: 私は韓国人はない However, I got this: 私は韓国人ではない Why is the で used in this situation?
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What's the difference between saying 私は日本語を話しません vs 私は日本語が話しません?

私は日本語を話しません 私は日本語が話しません I've seen both versions on the Internet. Maybe only one is the correct version? Maybe both?
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Is there a situation where ここの can be shortened / changed to この?

Context: Someone in a group that I’m following asked a what the この in the following sentence stands for: “わたしはゼルダ。このハイラルの王女。” I was thinking: can’t it be possible that the この here essentially means ...
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165 views

Why isn't the verb “to have” common in Japanese and how do people phrase things without using it?

In any previous language I have studied (mostly European languages), the verb "to have" is always one of the top 5 most common verbs alongside others like to be, to go, to come, etc. In Japanese, this ...
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Question to relative clauses

I went through this thread Relative clauses types and confusion where the 4 different types of relative clauses are discussed. First, I'd like to know wether I understood the 4 example sentences ...
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How to understand おきます in this sentence?

The following is an excerpt from a conversation between me and my language partner: 私の Skype ID を書いておきますので、もし良かったら登録しておいてください。italki と Skype のどちらでメッセージを送ってもいいです。今すぐ使わなくても、将来役に立つときが来るかもしれません。 So, ...
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What is the meaning of「私のとなりの人は」?

I am working on Genki, 1st ed., vol. 1, p. 139, F., 3. The question asks me to “Make your own sentences on the topics below using adjectives...” Here is the “topic” it provides me to construct the ...
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669 views

What do you like about me?

so umm.. let's say that you're asking your partner on what he think about yourself. Somethings like "What do you like about me?" Does this sentence sounds right?: 「私について何が好きですか?」
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what does までに mean in this sentence?

なお、参考までに反対に成功した場合の原因帰属を括弧の中に書いておく。 = roughly: The cause-association for the case where things conversely went well is written in the brackets. Does the madeni mean' before the reference here?
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Did I interprete 過ごす correctly here?

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/hK45eJm/img-20170916-0001-new.pdf it is taken from line 7-8: また、建物の向きは、風や太陽の向きを考えて決められている。風の抵抗を少なくし、夏は涼しく、冬は暖かく過ごすためである。 => "Then, concerning the ...
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Why does the causative verb “昂らせる” take “感情” as an object in this sentence

I've stumbled across this sentence, "怒りのあまりに感情を昂らせてしまうと涙が出てしまいます", and can't for the life of me understand why 感情 is marked with を since (a) 感情 can't be the subject (doer) of a causative verb (it's a ...
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Difference between “ga” vs “wo”

It's known that roughly, in most cases, we can think of using "wo" vs "ga" this way: ga is used when action is abstract, mental, non-physical otherwise, wo is used Yet, these examples are in ...
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350 views

Difference betweenすればいい and すれば

私は何をすれば? I thought that すれば only stood for the conditional form, how come does it bear the same meaning as すればいい ?
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How to translate ことになる in this sentence

Normally, when I see ~ことになる I translate it as "it is / has been decided that ~". However, in these few sentences the usage of ことになる is rather peculiar: 次期OS(ウインドウズ)の発売に合わせてパソコンを買い換えたいのですが、いつですか? ...
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Questions about 僕の時計が「7時だよ。おはよう。おきろ」と、起こしてくれるのだが、無意識に止めて、また寝てしまう

The sentence in question is from the text in exercise 8, line 3-5 https://www.docdroid.net/RgiQk0x/img-20170517-0001-new.pdf.html 僕の時計が「7時だよ。おはよう。おきろ」と、起こしてくれるのだが、無意識に止めて、また寝てしまう。 First, the と in ...
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By car, By Train, By Bike etc

How would I say 'I traveled from Bristol to London by car' '私はBristolからLondonまでくるまがいきました'?
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したい思った ? What is this odd construct?

I have a Question -> Response exercise in my textbook. The context is a job interview at a convenience store. I think the meaning is "why do you want this job?" but the way the Japanese is worded ...
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186 views

How to say “In order not to make her angry but make her delighted”?

I want to translate the following sentence to Japanese. In order not to make her angry but make her delighted, I must choose a proper gift for her birthday. My attempt is as follows, ...
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In the interrogative お元気ですか, how does the meaning change if the か is removed?

I've just started learning Japanese, and I've been told that the か at the end of a sentence is playing the role of a question mark (at least in formal Japanese). How does the sentence change if the か ...
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163 views

When to refer or address someone with their name

In Japanese you sometimes refer to people by name, even when talking directly to them. Just curious if someone could give me a few examples of what this looks like when used in a conversation, as I'...
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Direct Object as Topic

Can someone please give a simple example of a direct object acting as the topic of a sentence?
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Questions about particles 「など」 and 「の」

I have came across the below sentence from Nintendo 3DS instruction manual explaining about restriction of using credit card. ニンテンドーeショップなどでのクレジットカードの使用や、商品-サービスの購入などを制限します。 For the first 「など」, I ...
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かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。

I see a book saying let and make are the meaning of せる. However, I see that "enable" is a synonym of let and make. So I wonder if these statements are similar, in the meaning of かのじょはブルスが生きさせる。 She ...
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Question: Japanese scientific article on satoyama

I need to read this article for my class, and I can't seem to get past this sentence: つまり、政治的にも巧みに利用されがちな「ふるさと」や「原風景」と接続する既成概念としての 「里」が喚起する感情・感傷に無批判に安住するのではなく、私たちが位置する所与の場所の意味を内省的に深く洞察し、...
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Causative relative sentence [closed]

合併 ②〔法〕複数の会社が一つになる組織再編行為。会社の権利義務を既存の別会社に承継させる吸収合併と、新設する会社に承継させる新設合併とがある。 (Law) The process through which different companies become one. The merger which let the administration privileges to ...
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239 views

Meaning of いかんしょ in following sentence

In a book called 鉄道員 (ポッポヤ) I read following sentence: 俺ァ、ポッポヤだから、身うちのことでなくわけいかんしょ。 (This sentence is really only one sentence, it's his thought on something.) Notes: This ポッポヤ is an old man ...
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What does it mean to use a する verb without する?

その絵はほとんど完成だ。 I find this sentence quite confusing. 完成 means the act of completion, so I don't understand why だ is used instead of a variation of する. The meaning seems different than a sentence like ...
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Does this sound like a native speaker? [closed]

does this sentence sound like a native speaker? 明日から、問題が有れば、私に話す前に、まずメールで会話の内容を送信します。お願いします。 Any suggestion are welcome. Thank you so much.
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Is there a difference between 爆発しないといい and 爆発しないとよくなる?

I'm having a hard time understanding how と works with negative verbs. With positive verbs, it is easy to see the timeframe of いい because it occurs after the verb happens, but if the verb ends in ない, ...
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example usage of ~kiri

It seems that one of the uses of ~kiri is to show continuance of state/condition. is it similar to '~ta mama' then? However,i have not been able to find an example of this usage. Appreciate help.
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noun-adjective pattern

寒い国に生まれたからといって、寒さに強いわけではない. can anyone explain this pattern 寒さに強い, noun に adjective , how to use it and which nouns,adjective can be used in this form ?
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What is the proper way of saying “can” about an action?

出来る is a verb meaning "Can/be able to". Which ways of attaching a verb to it is correct? 〜で出来る i.e. 覚えて出来ます。 の/ことが出来ます i.e. 覚えるのが出来ます。 I feel, like both should be correct, but I'm just still ...
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39 views

What's the use of the て-form in this sentence?

While reading manga a character stole a power from another guy and said: ちょっとこいつの力を試してみたくてな。 I wonder what's the use of the て-form in みたい?. What would be the difference with こいつの力を試してみたいな
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52 views

Differentiation between subjects in relative clauses?

how do you distinguish between saying for example “A person he likes” and “A person who likes him” if they would both be 彼が好きな人?is there a way around that? different wording? a different particle? i ...
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62 views

What does it mean these symbols? [closed]

Levi is trying to clean the room with the vacuum cleaner
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What should I use 来ません or 来ません でした

What is correct answer for the question もう ジョンさんは 来ましたか。 いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません。 or いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません でした。
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175 views

What does それはそれでまったく意味が分からん mean in this context?

The situation was describing how the older sister suddenly stopped in front of the gate, staring at the building ahead, with the other sister following suit. Context leading to the sentence in ...
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Difference between 癒せ and 癒せる

From the Japanese tangled song ("Healing Incantation"), the lyrics go like “傷を癒せ、運命の川”-Heal wounds, river of fate I don't understand why 癒せ is used instead of a proper conjugation, is it a colloquial ...
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72 views

Can you separate clauses using ついて/ use a clause ending with ついて as an entire subject/topic?

Here's the sentence I've composed. すしを買うことについて、母を尋ねる。 The meaning I intend is something like, "I'll ask my mom about buying sushi," like I'm telling my friend I'll be asking her for permission to do ...
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1answer
145 views

無謀とも言えるその計画に (Reckless can be said that plan to)

I have seen the above construction only twice online, but it sounds like one of those sentences where the word order has been moved around in order to give it maybe a Shakespearean effect, or samurai ...
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93 views

How to make sense of 呪縛から解放されるウソという名の魔法

I'm having problem figuring out the idea or meaning of a sentence while reading manga. The context is that a character A told someone (character B) a big lie, and influenced by that lie, B started to ...
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119 views

Which verbal tense is used in the sentence ビールを飲んで運転するのはダメだ。 for the verb nomu?

I'm trying to understand which verbal tense is used for the verb nomu in this sentence. ビールを飲んで運転するのはダメだ。 According to http://www.japaneseverbconjugator.com/VerbDetails.asp?txtVerb=%E9%A3%B2%E3%82%...
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103 views

Usage of じゃないか when not a tag question or a negative question

This answer had the following translation: そんなに笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。 You don't have to laugh like that. (Please, don't laugh at me like that!) I haven't seen じゃありませんか (じゃないか) used like this before....
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80 views

Translation of basic sentence confused on subject placement

I am attempting to translate some sentence and got some weird solutions. 1) There is a post office over there. There is a bank, too. あそこはゆうびんきょくですあそこもぎんこうです。 I guess what I am saying is there (over ...
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161 views

When should I say the phrase ビールのおかわりお願いします?

When should I say this phrase? ビールのおかわりお願いします。 Bīru no o kawari onegaishimasu. I couldn't figure out the meaning. My main source of confusion is that I've never seen this sentence ...
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353 views

ことである in Japanese grammar

Do ことである and ことがある mean the same thing?
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What does これからもよろしくね mean?

A Japanese person said that to me and I was utterly lost. I tried to dissect the sentence: これ = this から = from も = also よろしく = (Honestly, I don't know what this means) ね = a suffix that women ...
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In the phrase いかないで (Ikanaide), what's the function of で (de)? [duplicate]

I'm aware that 行かない means "don't go" (hope I'm not wrong). What I don't understand is the function of で. What's its use in this sentence? (I usually see that character used in です).