Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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84 views

Usage of むこう to describe sunrise

太陽は、昔と同じこぎれいな庭のむこうから昇り、... The sun rose on the same tidy gardens and ... If I were to translate this word-for-word I would get "the sun climbed from the opposite side of the same tidy gardens". ...
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132 views

エラーにする vs. エラーをする

In XXX case, the app gives an error. 何々をしたら、また何々の場合は、アプリにエラーメッセージを表示する。 これをもっと簡潔に、単純にエラーが起きることを表現したいです。下記のどっちのほうが正しいでしょうか? エラーにする。 エラーをする。
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137 views

How to describe a strong smell of smoke

I'm writing a letter to my friend, and want to same something like: "While writing this letter, the air is grey and smells strongly of smoke" (discussing forest fires near my town). I'm stuck on ...
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76 views

とまで parsing and usage

In no game no life, this is one of the first things that is said about "blank", and it is supposed to translate to: "Among gamers, they're said to be unbeatable. 勝{か}つことは不可能{ふかのう}とまで言われるゲーマーの話を‌ (...
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A question about ~はしない

I do understand what it means, but I want to know if it's mostly used from 1st person perspective because in many examples that's how it translated. "I will never/There is no way I..."<-That is how ...
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139 views

Meaning of いやしません [duplicate]

あんなにコチコチな座り方をする猫なんていやしませんぞ。 A cat that sits so rigidly ??? I can't figure out what this いやしません is. Since the negative form of いやす seems like a ridiculous proposition in the context I can only ...
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Mysterious も in この郊外も地下鉄が来て不便ではなくなった

When casually browsing through A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, one of the example sentences for 〜なくなる has left me puzzled. この郊外{こうがい}も地下鉄{ちかてつ}が来{き}て不便{ふべん}ではなくなった。 This suburban area ...
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97 views

Need help with the famous 11 second intercom audio from Mega Man Legends 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dJxBnRth-A&t=1m40s Need 日本語字幕 subtitles for this short 11 second announcement heard in the background. I've listened to this for over a decade, and could never ...
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146 views

What is the function of と in this sentence?

学生時代にもっと勉強すればよかったと、今ではとても残念だ。 This doesn't seem like the ~と... pattern: Expresses the idea that when ~ arises or happens, it will definitely lead to ...
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84 views

Can someone help me figure out what 考えを示しましたが is supposed to mean?

This entry is hard to find on the web. I've only found 2 entries: 1)【that以下】という考えを示す reveal one's idea that 2) 考えを示す to state one's opinion 立花氏は来週にもNHKに出向いて受信契約をする考えを示しましたが、「契約する義務はあるが、支払いは義務ではない」...
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83 views

What's the meaning and nuance of ばっかり in this sentence?

A girl is worried and upset because she believes she is more excited and happy about the relationship with her boyfriend than he is. So she says: わたしばっかり浮かれてる気がする…… I think the sentence means ...
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60 views

form ます and the form て

Can someone help me understand if the difference in use between the form ます and the form て in this kind of sentence? 魚が泳いでいます。 (It's the same as when we say in English that we're doing something?) ...
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254 views

What's the meaning and the usage of ことだし?

I found two examples, and I think that I got the meaning but I'm not sure of its grammar. One is:"明日はお父さんも休みのことだし、 みんなで買い物でも行かない?" since tomorrow your father is free too, why don't we go all together ...
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place+にて background

I was listening to the Final Fantasy X soundtrack the other day, specifically the famous track To Zanarkand which has the Japanese title of ザナルカンドにて and I realized I don't have a clue what function ...
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68 views

What does “ようと” usually imply in news articles?

Quoted from a Sample Article 日本は、中国やロシアと隣接し、豊富なエネルギー資源がある中央アジアへの関与を強めようと、平成16年から定期的に外相会合を開いています。 In my understanding, this article says that Japan is thought to have ambition in getting involved ...
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116 views

う/る+ことになる construction

So, I have an exercise which has 3 sets of sentences. The 1st one is supposed to be translated using ことになる, the 2nd - using ことになった, and the 3rd - ことになっている. The construction itself is pretty ...
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170 views

Asking informal questions with 何

how do you form informal questions with 何 and without ですか? would 何 just go at the end? 「あなたの大好きな季節何?」 and is it appropriate to leave off です or だ with な adjectives and nouns? i’ve seen 〜なの?used, but ...
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Saying “I don’t have to…”

would this be 〜なくていい? I don’t have to study - 勉強しなくていい?
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How do I make my translation less stilted or flow similar to the original Japanese?

I'm translating the following line of dialogue spoken by Character A to Character B. 「怖がらなくてもいいわ。もう襲ったりしないから」 The translations I made are the following: "There’s no need to be afraid. Because I ...
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61 views

Please can someone explain the use of こと and ことに in these sentences?

Can someone explain the use of こと and ことに in these sentences please? しかし、たくさん歩いても、動物を見つけることが出来ません。 However, even though they walked a lot, they were not able to come across any animals. ...
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Does 特別に戦 mean 'special battle' or 'specially battle'?

特別に戦が神 (とくべつに いくさが かみ) I think placing に after とくべつ makes it into an adverb, right? However, I'm having a lot of trouble working out whether it means 'especially' or 'specially' or just 'special'. (...
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Can someone help me translate this sentence? [closed]

I was studying minna no nihongo 2 中級 and this sentence appeared in the middle of a text. I don't quite understand it. Just the general idea. ロボコンによる教育は、生徒たちを精神的に成長させる人間教育としても注目されるようになった。 This "...
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81 views

Can you use the が particle in a sentence asking 何ですか?

I've read that が is the particle used when asking a question, but then I see sentences like 一番好きな本はなんですか or 一番いい先生はだれですか. Is there a reason why が is not used in this type of sentence, or is the rule ...
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Aoi aoi morideshita - sentence structure explanation

first post here. I'm currently reading a children's books titled 'きつね森の山男'. I think it's a good starters book however, some of the structures are confusing or contrary to what I have learnt. I ...
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162 views

Understanding 手のつけようがない

、...錠前破りの名人だって、手のつけようがない。 Even expert lock breakers can do nothing about it. This is my best effort at a translation from looking at example sentences using 手のつけようがない on Weblio. I can't find this ...
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147 views

Is the following sentence correct to decline a invitation?

あ、実は今日、会議があっているんですよ。 This as an answer for an invitation to do something today. Also the dialog I'm talking about is over the phone.
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67 views

What's the difference between にしたら and の上では

There has been a post for the difference between にしたら and として and にとって, but I haven't been able to find anything about the phrase の上では which also supposedly means "from the viewpoint of" or "according ...
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157 views

ていい after potential form

I was listening to the song 命に嫌われている and came across the following lyrics: 寂しいなんて言葉でこの傷が表せていいものか そんな意地ばかり抱え今日も一人ベッドに眠る I don’t understand what ていい is doing here. An attempt at a direct ...
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125 views

How to use '頭を下がる' or '頭が下がる' literally to indicate bowing?

According to my study material, '頭が下がる' means to be respect someone (especially for something so good, you cannot imitate it). Obviously it stems from the fact that lowering your head = bow=respect. ...
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116 views

Grammatical purpose of replacing the ~る to ~れ and ~ろう, how does this affect the tone of voice?

I am wondering how this informal grammar works. For example, 頑張る、頑張れ、頑張ろう - they all mean try hard, but how are they different in the tone of voice? In what situation should I use れ and ろう? Thank ...
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240 views

Problem with 大きくなって

I'm translating a letter and came across this sentence: 今{いま}よりもっと[大きく]{おおきく}なって... I'm having problems understanding the grammar used here. I know this means "When I get bigger" or "When I grow ...
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69 views

Signing a birthday card

I'm writing a birthday card and got stuck figuring out how to sign it. I want to sign as "Older brother Misha", but I'm not sure if it should be ミシャ兄さん or ミシャ兄さんより. I'm also not sure if writing ミシャ兄さん ...
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98 views

What is the meaning of とも in this sentence?

I need some help with the meaning of とも in this sentence とも言えますが I have tried looking the definition up but it doesn't seem to fit in this context. I have the first part roughly translated as ...
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132 views

「言っちゃったほうが、」の意味

下の文章で「言っちゃった」は「言ってしまった」の短縮形でしょうか。 例)「もう正直に、みんなに言っちゃったほうが、いいと思うよ。」 「してしまったほうがいい」の表現を詳しく説明していただけませんか。 よろしくお願いします。
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Break down this sentence: お金がなくて最近はほとんど食べていないのです。 [closed]

I don't get how お金がなくて works in this phrase, can someone help me to break it down... thank you!
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104 views

The meaning of この+own personal name

One of the villains of ジョジョの奇妙な冒険, Dio, frequently refers to himself as「このディオ」 (to the point it became a meme). What's the meaning of this grammar: この+own personal name? Is it just emphasis? Or are ...
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150 views

What does ‘‪いてね‬’ mean?

What does ‪いてね‬ mean in ‘‪聴いてね‬’?
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92 views

Relative clause with both direct object and head noun as object

From here: 国土交通省によると、3つの会社は走るのに必要なガソリンの量や外に出るガスの量を調べる検査を国が決めたルールと違うやり方で行っていました。そして、ルールどおりに検査したと記録していました。 According to the land ministry, three companies were operating in a way different to the ...
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How to interpret this sentence in context of the picture above?

First, I'm sorry for the very unspecific topic of this question, but I didn't really know how else to describe my problem. The sentence in question: 壁には植物が装飾され、都心とは思えないほど緑があふれるチャペルに、...
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123 views

Confused on いつも + verb~ている

I am reading a book like the bible called the モルモン書 (Book of Mormon) and ran across something that was a little confusing. In one of Jesus' sermons it has this sentence: ...[partaking of the bread ...
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92 views

Confusion about possible double condition in article about fires

I'm reading this article about how air conditioning and electric fans turn into a lot of fires. The final sentence has put me in a little loop though. I cannot tell if there is a double conditional ...
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252 views

Multiple verbs as noun modifiers

I am trying to say something like "The button labeled 'blue' at the lower right is red." I know that adjectives can be connected together with their て-form. It seems like maybe the the same should ...
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72 views

Is ~と used the same as ~ないと in this case?

誓うか必ず戻ると was used when a character asked another to promise to return. Isn't it supposed to be 戻らないと? Promise that you must come back? My understanding is "~nai to" is used for "must" where as "~to" ...
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78 views

Meaning of いいようにしなさい

Someone did tell me this: 龍ちゃんの、いいようにしなさい。 However, how is it actually translated? Could it be: It's alright if it's Ryu's I don't mind if it's Ryu's Thank you
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117 views

How to understand …だけで…できる

仲間だけで歌を楽しむことができます ボタンを押すだけでいいんです These are sentences which are found in textbook. I'm confusing in these two sentences. Here's my understanding. In first sentence. You can enjoy Karaoke ...
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237 views

「ヘト」という意味はなんですか。 [duplicate]

I tried looking up へと in the sentence スカイテラスへと続く廊下。but that didn’t yield much results towards my comprehension on the matter. I know the sentence means something like “The corridor lead to the sky ...
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75 views

How does という work here?

The sentence in question: そんな中、大阪・八尾市にある興味深い保育園を見つけました。ここでは50年前の開園から変わらず、今でもおんぶを取り入れているというのです。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=...
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61 views

How to indicate where you are taking something out of?

If I wanted to say that I am taking meat out of the fridge, would I say 冷蔵庫に肉を出す, or should I use a different particle other than に after 冷蔵庫?
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121 views

不自然な文章を直してくれませんか?

次の文は間違っていないが、不自然な文である。なぜ不自然かを説明してください。後は、文が自然になりうるコンテキストを考えてくれませんか? 先生がインフルエンザをうつしてくれたので、学校を休まなければならなかった。
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221 views

安いらしい, 安いそうだ, and 高っぽい are incorrect?

I was reading up on the usage of げ, みたい, っぽい, らしい, そう, よう, and so on. Then, I came across a certain description on a website that ruined my day. On this web page, the author states that 安いらしい, 安いそうだ, ...

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