Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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278 views

What is the difference between using こと and かた in a sentence with できます and わかります?

e.g. はなすこと and はなしかた I am trying to learn about this grammar point for a test My notes for できます and わかります
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745 views

推量の助詞、「う」… does this particle exist?

On this site, when asking about でしょう・だろう, as well as ましょう etc, I have been told that it is a combination of the verb's 未然形 and the 推量 particle "う". However, I have never been able to find anything on ...
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184 views

となし in 「往{ゆ}け八紘を宇{いえ}となし」

I'm currently listening to 「愛国行進曲」, which is apparently a Shōwa-era patriotic song. It is written in a rather confusing mix of modern and Classical Japanese, but I think I can understand most of it ...
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819 views

Meaning of ようにできる

A sentence from Kanji in Context: 人にはそれぞれ長短があって、それで世の中はうまくいくようにできているのです。 I get that it means something like everyone has individual strengths and weaknesses, and thus the world can go smoothly. ...
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204 views

How to say 'likes it when' in Japanese

I was wondering how I would say sentences such as [Person A] likes it when [Person B] [performs an action]. [Person A] likes it when [noun] is [adjective]. [Person A] likes it when [an action is ...
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88 views

Understanding これで体験版ってんだから

『はー……すっごいなぁ、最近のゲームって。これで体験版ってんだから、こりゃ製品版出たら買うしかないなあ』 How should I understand the bold で grammatically? I understand the これで as conveying a nuance of “although the the game is well designed”. But I am ...
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91 views

Understanding だった的なアレ

「でも、人間ご飯食べなかったり寝なかったりすると死んじゃうけど、どんだけセックスしなくても死なないんだよね。不思議だね性欲。確かに子孫残すのには必要だけど、なんか『三大』ってカテゴライズに入ってるの違和感ない?四天王最強の男は実は無能者だった的なアレじゃない?」(source) I know 的 is usually used after a noun and turn the noun ...
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131 views

Is it common to end the sentence with 事?

Is it common to end the sentence with 事 ? (not the imperative case) I have often encountered sentences such as 我が望みは、爆裂魔法を放つ事。 My only desire is to let off Explosion. I understand that 事 is the 事 ...
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109 views

meaning of その姿に

I would like to know the meaning of その姿に in the sentence Context: the character is genuinely impressed by her friend's determination at persisting in a way that seems to be a dead end. 素晴らしいわ!その、...
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147 views

Meaning of このくらいに

I have some difficulty to correctly analyze the structure このくらいに in the sentence Context: a person who holds responsibilities has laughed a lot and she says わたしのストレス発散はこのくらいにしておいて. My stress has ...
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59 views

What does the き in わたしわすすけたぶりきのひと mean?

I've seen a translation say the line is "I’m a tin person covered in soot", but ichi.moe doesn't tell me what the ki means in the line.
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116 views

structure used in そんなもんだって

In this sentence: おまえ、本気で信じてるのか?あいつが幽霊だか生き霊だか、何か、そんなもんだって could someone explain to me the structure used in そんなもんだって ? Thanks for the answer!
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Grammar of Negative Verb + 限り

I would like help with how 限り is used with a negative verb: 奇跡でも起きない限り あり得ないわよね Jisho.org translate it as "unless". But how would this translation make sense then: Unless (限り) even if ...
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113 views

Why can some particles not precede the の particle?

I encountered this line in the article on the の particle on imabi.net: の can also follow other case particles--never が nor に. It can also be after some adverbs. When this happens, it is best to treat ...
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52 views

オンラインショップで買えるようにしてはいる

オンラインショップで買えるようにしてはいる Would be grateful if someone could explain this part of the statement : 買えるようにしてはいる Thanks
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196 views

What is the difference in nuance between using て form and から to express “so” or “because”?

As discussed in this post. Example: このカフェは安くて好きだ。 このカフェは安いから、好きだ。 Besides the relative context dependency of the first sentence, is there a difference in meaning? Is there a reason to use one over the ...
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154 views

Using は instead of を here, the differences?

In Lesson 11 of Genki I, they discuss the は particle in negative sentences: In negative sentences, you often find the particle は where you expect が or を. Observe the dialogues below: 山下先生はテレビを見ますか。(...
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204 views

美味しさに国境はない correct meaning

I’m my text book I have a statement that I couldn’t quite get my head around. 美味しさに国境はない 。 I punched it into translate and it came up “there is no border in taste.” But for this to mean that it would ...
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128 views

How was 出さず conjugated from 出す?

When I was sentence mining, I found the following sentence: 自分の名前も顔も出さず ただ傷つけるためだけに Could someone explain how 出さず was conjugated from 出す?
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Can 気 be used for advice?

I’m reading an article about the corona virus. They’re giving instructions to follow in order to prevent reappearance of the virus. 緊急事態宣言が終わっても、新しいコロナウイルスはなくなっていないので、気をつけなければなりません。 毎日の生活では、...
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135 views

Possible omission

The sentence is taken from the Manga Death Note: (I put spaces where the sentence parts are separated within the speech bubble...) 「ワタリには 自分の身にもしもの事があった場合 自分でできれば自分でできなければ 一定時間ワタリが携わらない事で自動的に ...
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Conditional or must with はず in と、ならないはずの

One of NHK's stories today is about parents delaying routine vaccines, and it has the following line: ワクチンを受けるのが遅くなると、ならないはずの病気になったり、病気がひどくなったりします I'm interpreting it something like: if you get the ...
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What is “られん” in “付き合ってられん”? I can't found it in dictionary?

Context:https://www.pixiv.net/en/artworks/81045594 The google translate split "付き合ってられん" to words as "付き合って られん" but it seem is not a regular word I can't understand what do "られん" meaning or find out ...
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Difference between 影響 and 効果

I see that both eikyou and kouka mean effect.. Could someone please explain to me the difference and when to use both with possibly a few examples? Thank you!
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104 views

unusual lecture in 空かに見えやしないか?

ぼくらとちがったやつからみてもやっぱりこんな地層に見えるかどうか、あるいは風か水やがらんとした空かに見えやしないかということなのだ。わかったかい 1) 空か is some kind of strange lecture for 空 or it just plain 空 plus か 2) How do you take the second part of the quote, after, ...
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118 views

How do ~以上 and ~あっての work in the same sentence?

彼がやらせてほしいと言う以上、見込みがあってのことだろう。やらせてみたらどうか。責任は私が負う。 "There must be something to it if he's saying that we should let him do it. How about we just let him? I'll take full responsibility." At least that's ...
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Could you please tell the difference between particle は and に in case of description of a place of existence

I am just a beginner and am currently reading particles. I came across a thought of using に instead of は in a certain example and I couldn't find the difference in the usage and the context as well. ...
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163 views

What is the difference between NをNとする and NをNとして/に?

maybe a really simple question, but I am very confused on when to use とする vs. として/に. I am working on the Try book for N2 and in one of the practices it's asking to pick between とする, として, and に in ...
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85 views

How to say: I want to be good at what I choose to do [closed]

How to say: I want to be good at what I choose to do? I know some of the individual words/expressions needed for the sentence: 1)want to be good at: 得意になりたい or 上手になりたい 2)choose to do something: ...
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212 views

っといても after a verb

What does っといても mean after a verb, I've seen it several times. I'm guessing it's a slang form or a shortened form? I know that ても means "even if" (roughly), and I've seen って a lot so wasn't sure if it'...
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152 views

What I'm getting wrong on this sentence? あそこに立っているのが、あなたのみらいの子どもです

I translated the following sentence あそこに立っているのが、あなたのみらいの子どもです Into: "Your future child will be standing there." But the correct translation according to Wanikani would be: The person ...
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162 views

I-adjective in く form modifies a noun/adverb

In the song 宝物 by WANIMA, the chorus goes: 思いにまかせて 感じるまま描いて まだ見えない明日へ 誰にも止められない 今この瞬間が紛れもなく全て。 紛れもない is in く form, which means it's modifiying a verb. However, 全て is nowhere near a verb, but might ...
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154 views

Omitting the particle? 「時の経つのも忘れさせる」

明快な口調とテンポの良い楽しい授業が時の経つのも忘れさせる。 When I searched the Internet I found the phrase 時の経つのを忘れさせる. So, what is the reason for replacing the particle を with も?
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277 views

Meaning of ~を~に(して) / ~を~として / ~を~にする / ~を~とする / ~を~にした / ~を~とした

While studying I found this grammar form, which I kinda understand by instinct, but can't actually formalize in my head; this is what the book say: [~を~であると考えて] 1) 祖父は今日も孫のヒロシを話し相手にして散歩に出かけた。 ...
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118 views

里でもコイツに言う事を聞かせられるヤツ grammar

とにかくやたら気の強い女でしてね、里でもコイツに言う事を聞かせられるヤツは誰もいないぐらいの跳ねっ返りで lost the context for this but, i almost feel like 事を聞かせられる is potential rather than causative passive, "no one can make her do what is told" ...
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376 views

Can “genki desu ka” also mean “Am I well?”

I learnt that how are you is “genki” or “o genki des ka”, but there is no anata, so how do you know that that’s not “Am I well?”. In other words how do you distinguish 1., 2., and 3. person when no ...
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226 views

Sentence-ending という

In a short story I found this sentence: 父はまだギターをえらんでいるだろうか。 気のいい父、クラシックギターがこの世でいちばん好きな父。 父と母は新婚旅行でやはりここに来たという。その時も父はギターを買った。母は、ひとつひとつの試し弾きに耳を傾け、根気よく、父の買い物につきあった、と父は言った。そして、お母さんは、あるひとつのギターを指差して、...
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71 views

いて use as a reason or something else

昨日は疲れていてテスト勉強ができませんでしたが、今日はできると思います。 In this sentence, is this いて after 疲れて explaining the reason? Why was he not able to study? Why can't we use から or ので?
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252 views

Understanding ~きて in おいてきて

A:「おいしかったね、あの店。また行こうね。」 B: 「あ!店にけいたい電話おいてきてしまったからとりにもどらないと。」 I don't really understand the function or meaning of ~きて here. Could someone help me parse this part grammatically? Why おいてきてしまった instead ...
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267 views

This use of 以前に

Context: two guys are talking about a fictional futuristic sport, which is basically athelets racing each other in some huge mecha suits. One of the guys seems interested about becoming a racer in ...
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97 views

彼女は日本の文化にうまく noun

彼女は日本の文化にうまく馴染めるのか、不安でならないようだ。 in this sentence, 彼女は日本の文化 and うまく馴染めるの phrase are noun, then why did we connect them with に particle ..any similar examples
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196 views

~ ないで for 'without doing ~' and 'don't ~'

I know that if you use ~ないで after a verb it could either mean "without doing ~verb" as 何も見えないで (without seeing anything) or it could mean "don't do ~" as 見つめないで (don't stare at me). How can know when ...
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115 views

role of -られ, -し, and construction of the phrase

Trying to translate a song lyric and was caught off guard by this sentence: 雨に降られ行き場なくしなんの罰さ?と空を睨む I feel like I get the gist of it, but uncertain that my parsing is accurate so far. Here's what ...
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125 views

Can だ be left off in informal sentences?

In declarative statements I’ve gathered that saying just 「これ新聞だ」for example would be too forward or a bit aggressive. So could you just say 「これ新聞」or even just 「新聞」for informal sentences? I understand ...
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223 views

のです abbreviated to んで?

「いろんな種類あるんで。」 Is this just an abbreviation of のです? Or is it supposed to be ので? I’ve seen んで a handful of times so I thought I would ask about it!
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97 views

What does のかもな mean at the end of a sentence?

I played a game (visual novel for PS2) in Japanese. And I came across this sentence: でも、あの時の俺は、本当は違ったのかもな。。。 And I was wondering what the part after 違う(ちがう)means. I guess, that の may change it ...
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99 views

Subject and extra information

I'm learning Japanese on Duolingo. I was wondering: 学校は日本にあります means 'The school is in Japan' What is the difference between 学校は日本にあります and the Japanese translation of 'There is a school in Japan'? ...
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214 views

AはBと同じくらい… comparative construction

From this post I learned that I can change subject marker が with を (Aの方がB・・・) and it will be completely fine, but can I do so with 「AはBと同じくらいC」 construction? For example, I need to say "He is as ...
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109 views

What is the function of のは in this question?

きさまがこの時代に来てタマゴからそうなるまで3年間かかったのは...?
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95 views

All we can できるだけは できるのは

Does this Japanese sentence make sense? その問題を解くために、私たちができるだけはできるのは、ほとんどありません。 I would like to say: There is not much we can do about solving this problem. The more literal translation would be: ...

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