Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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280 views

Usage of Verb て-form あります [duplicate]

Q: かばんはかいましたか。 A: 1. はい、もうかいました。  2. はい、もうかってあります。 Both answers also correct, but when should I use the second answer?
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~んです should be used in what condition? [duplicate]

どこでかいますか。 どこでかったんですか。 The meaning of the two sentences are same, right? Yet, in what condition I need to use~んですか。
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166 views

~たい次第 expression meaning

What does the grammar expression ~たい次第{しだい} mean For example: 次回の集まりをお誘いいただきたい次第です。
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Imperative with masu stem [duplicate]

I just had my first karate lesson and was puzzled. When the instructor wanted us to start or stop he would say はじめ and やめ. I would have expected to hear はじめろ or はじめて for example. Is it proper grammar ...
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Usage of ました form and た form with こと

Example: Is the formal of にほん に いった こと が ありまづ this : にほん に いきました こと が ありまづ. Or is the first one used in both cases?
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Listing three or more items

In English, when we have three or more items, only the last "and" is kept, and the rest are omitted. I like fish, curry, sausage, and honey. What is the standard way to list multiple items in ...
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I'm having trouble understanding 持って帰ったら in this particular sentence [duplicate]

I'm attempting to watch Steven Universe in Japanese and I got really confused when I heard a character say something like "そのケースを持って帰ったら?” This is referring to when Sadie asks Steven if he wants to ...
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When to use が and when to use は [duplicate]

I am a little confused when speaking Japanese when I should use が and when I should use は. For example, 学校はたのしかったです。or 学校がたのしかったです。What is the rule of when to use が and when to use は in a context?
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〜ば〜ほど - different with and without ば [duplicate]

In my Japanese textbook, there is the construct 〜すればするほど、〜 The more 〜, the more 〜 休みの日は多ければ多いほどうれしい。 However, I also see similar sentences without the 〜ば clause such as the one below: ...
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Difference between potential form and ことができる [duplicate]

What is the difference between the potential form and using ことができる? Are they interchangeable? For example: 日本語が話せます。 vs 日本語が話すことができます。
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Odd use of で in だめで

I recently came across the following in the lyrics for a song: 「きみが すきで すきで でもああ ああ だけど だめで だめで うまくいかない」 It seems strange that で instead of だ is used after すき and だめ. Is there a reason for using で ...
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Need help making sense of this poem [duplicate]

鳴神の 少し響みて さし曇り 雨も降らぬか 君を留めむ Heard this in a movie. Really can't make sense of this grammar, to be honest. Can anybody break down what's going on here? Thanks :)
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What is the grammatical function of 好感度さえ in 好感度さえクリアしていれば? [duplicate]

秋葉さんのルートは他のルートとは違っていて、好感度さえクリアしていればグッド・トゥルー、共に特別な条件を必要としません。 さえ. This is the particle which always give me problems. How can I translate this sentence? I can't really grasp it. I tried to and my ...
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620 views

Verb Dictionary form+ よう

「お断りの連絡でしたら引き受けます。 あんまり無茶するようでしたらお注射の出番ですからねっ」 Why is よう after the dictionary form of the verb?
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「輪郭の柔らかな瓜実顔」Why is it 「の」instead 「が」? [duplicate]

Is this an idiomatic thing? Or an exception? Maybe both are possible?
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Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
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出てこないと気持ちは落ち着かない meaning

「ハリー・ポッター」シリーズには、ロンやハーマイオニーだけでなく「ネビル・ロングボトム」が出てこないと気持ちは落ち着かない。 My western brain can't comprehend the final part of the sentence! I know でてくる is something like "show up" and 落ち着く something like "calm ...
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222 views

っぺがやる following 連用形 [duplicate]

Spoken in a dialogue: こういうのは言いだしっぺがやるもんだろ As far as I can tell from context, it's "As if it were me who brought that up!" (it wasn't me, it was you!). However, I can't find any explanation on the ...
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When to use くれる/もらう [duplicate]

I am having difficulty in using these words. Though I have understood the difference in their meaning and particle usage I just can't decide when to use which. For example My friend took me to the ...
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Counter before or after noun [duplicate]

When I first learnt about counters I was taught that the number with its counter comes after the noun e.g. 鳥を二羽見た。 I saw two birds Recently I've been seeing constructions like this: ...
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2answers
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“To the East/West/North/South are distinct [feature-rich] areas that fill the land”

Could I check my understanding of the last part of this sentence please? For those who don't play games, Hyrule is a fictional place in the Legend of Zelda videogames (this is from a guidebook I am ...
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218 views

となる - Grammatical explanation please [duplicate]

can someone please explain となる ? I read it everywhere but still don't know what it exactly means. Here's just an example sentence: この世界が心つなぐ鍵となる
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2answers
453 views

Forms and conjugation of Intransitive Verbs

Can Intransitive verbs be used in Meirei form, Volitional form, ください form and other forms? According to my knowledge, Intransitive verbs are just used to state facts. So these forms should not exist....
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Sentence structure of (verb + to + infinitive) in japanese

Assume I want to say something like : I called you to go out. How a sentence with the same structure would be translated? Is there like a certain pattern or rule to it?
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Particle for “in the water” [duplicate]

In Miyuki Nakajima's song "ファイト!" there is this line: 冷たい水の中をふるえながらのぼってゆけ I don't understand the use of the particle を in this context. Shouldn't it be に or even で?
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708 views

Name/Title at the end of a sentence. Vocative case?

Consider these stanzas taken from the opening song of Aria the Animation: Undine. Translations taken from this site Background information: An Undine as a mythical concept is a female water spirit ...
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幼いときに老けて、老いて子供に戻る。Can anyone explain the nuances of this sentence?

幼いときに老けて、老いて子供に戻る。 I can make a few guesses as to the specific meaning but I'm not sure which one is right.. does anyone know what would be the most correct translation of this sentence?
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104 views

Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
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1answer
125 views

配信 sentence construction problem [duplicate]

Nouvelle-Calédonieで繰り広げるロードトリップはウェブ動画でも配信 In this sentence, why did we end the sentence at 配信? What does this mean?
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2answers
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“But”, “but also”, “yet”, and “and yet” when listing things?

How do I express the these ideas in Japanese while listing things? For example, how should these sentences be translated into Japanese while carrying the same tone? He has a scary face but a heart ...
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103 views

Meaning of によって/により

I’ve come across this phrase によって/により quite often and I’ve researched and found these meanings: by Person (この本は君によって書かれた?); due to/ because of; by means of (The teacher checked their knowledge by the ...
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93 views

Does the も particle mean “as far as” in the following sentence?

I'm translating a sentence, and I come across the particle も. I remember learning in my Beginner Japanese class that the particle も can be used to mean "too" in various situations, but that meaning is ...
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141 views

When to use te form and past tense

Was going through my Genki book and saw an example sentence of te form verb but it ended in past tense. (言う いってた) Why use the te form at all and not just past tense 「あきらさんは何て言ってた?」 「...
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79 views

Utilising というのは

I am trying to write an ambiguous/evasive sentence. The sentence is: [PERSON A],もしかして,あの人は一緒に,というのは,[PERSON B]ー To the effect of "Person A, is it possible, that you and that person, that is to say, ...
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110 views

ではないですか written separately

I was reading a manga when this sentence came up: 暑いではないですか I first thought it meant "isn't it warm?", however, there was just one thought bubble yet the sentence was written in this format (both ...
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What is the meaning of として in this case?

When I watched Death Note, ep.1 with Japanese subtitle, I came across this sentence: 「同居している25歳の女性に暴行を加え殺害したとして, 35歳の男、兔富士直樹容疑者が 殺人の疑いで逮捕されました」 In the above sentence, does として means "to assume ...
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364 views

Questions about の→ん contraction, でござる→でございます shift

【原文】Original version 各これらの語の特徴はいつからなの?何時代ですの? 第一、「のです」と「なのです」を書いて「んです」と「なんです」を書かなかったことはいつからなの? 第に、「でござる」を書いて「でございます」を書かなかったこともいつからなの? 私の日本語がよくないですと、すみません! Edited version I have two questions ...
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Usage of こらえる 【堪える】

I'm wondering which one would be the correct way to use こらえる in a sentence, and - if both are, is there perhaps any difference in meaning? Two examples I had in mind are: 涙をこらえて、話していた。 ...
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In the phrase 「褒められたものではない」, why is 「褒められた」 in past tense (as opposed to present tense 「褒められる」)? [duplicate]

For reference, there's an entry in 実用日本語表現辞典: 褒められたものではない
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266 views

Sentence structure between two clauses question

I don't have a Japanese sentence example of something long, but let's say I have to sentence that has two clauses that are separated with a が followed by a comma. You feel that this second clause that ...
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4answers
2k views

How to say “I am unfortunately getting frustrated”

I was trying to say " I am unfortunately getting frustrated." which seemed to suggest some combination of 挫折してしまいました and ざせつしています but I can't seem to figure out how to put these together. Any ...
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78 views

Is て います always used for the present?

I'm so confused. Every book teaches that ます is used for the future, but also for the present. e.g. 肉を食べません 1. I don't eat meat 2. I'm not going to eat meat. But now I think that it has to be ...
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110 views

Can the particle “no” の be used at the beginning of the sentence?

In the sentence Watashi no hon. Can the owner be omitted? No hon.
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227 views

What is the purpose of 「し」 in phrase 「私は緊{きん}張{ちょう}しすぎて」?

There is a phrase 「私は緊{きん}張{ちょう}しすぎて」. Translates as: 私は - I緊張 - nervousすぎて - too; exceedingly But what is the purpose of 「し」 after 「緊張」?
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How do you use “koto”?

My book says that "koto" can convert verbs into nouns. It can also convert adjectives and adverbial nouns, but what does that mean? It gives examples like: Tori o tsukamaeru koto wa kantan ja nai?...
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3answers
192 views

How can a verb be intransitive and imperative at the same time?

Like, for example, I understand 折れ but in what case should one use 折れろ? Also, jisho says the negative imperative is 折るな but what about 折れない?
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philosophy's test

I want to say that I have a philosophy test today: きょうは哲学のテストにする is that OK?
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169 views

What does どうなちきつたんだよオ mean?

I am trying to learn a lot by reading, but I am having a lot of trouble with this phrase/sentence: どうなちきつたんだよオ Now, this is from a manga (Akira, specifically) so I'm guessing it's some kind of ...
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Expected sentence in article to use を but が is used instead

I'm reading this article and I have come across this sentence and I'm wondering why が is used instead of を. What's the reason am I missing here? 11日、豊洲市場がオープンして競りが始まりました。 My translation: ...
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3answers
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Why can an intransitive verb have a passive meaning in Japanese?

In active sentences, the verbs can be transitive and intransitive. 私が消しゴムを落としました。I dropped an eraser. (transitive) 私が走ります。I run. (intransitive) But I got surprised that 見つかる which is an intransitive ...