Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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81 views

む archaic volitional? Translated as Imperative [duplicate]

While watching Konosuba I came across following sentence: 「我が真紅の流出もて 白き世界を覆さん」 What troubles me is the 「覆さん」. The translation used an imperative here, what fits most of the other spells in the ...
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46 views

させましょう in a task [duplicate]

「その漢字を使って下の文を完成させましょう。」 This is part of a task. I’m confused by させましょう. Why is this form used here instead of, say, してください or しましょう?
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な vs の classes of nouns

Based on my understanding, it seems that "な-adjectives" and "nouns" both function as nouns in the grammatical sense with the exception that "な-adjectives" are linked to other nouns with な and "nouns" ...
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Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
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1answer
314 views

Difference between 行きます and 来ます in this context [duplicate]

I was messaging my friend telling her I'll meet her at the library and I said もうすぐ、私は図書館に来ます。 (I'll come to the library soon.) She corrected me saying 図書館に行きます not '来ます'. Why 行きます? I'll 'go' ...
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158 views

Passive voice + ようにする

I came across with this problem: 彼女はその場を離れようとしなかった。 母親に手を引かれるようにしても、 何故かパイプ椅子から立ち上がろうとしなかった。? what would be the meaning of "ようにする"? My dictionary says: "ようにする. try to, make sure to" so with that ...
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105 views

Expressing “huh” tag?

How would you express this type of tag? For example: Lovers, huh? That’s what you think they are? Would って work? 恋人って?そうと思う?
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Why do we use で in 東京での暮らし? [duplicate]

車椅子利用者からすると、東京での暮らしは便利とはいえない。 Why do we use で after 東京? Is it to show the action in the place? What if we only say 東京の暮らしは?
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Delimiting prenominal relative clauses

I encountered this sentence: 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する Is there any way of knowing if this is 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する or 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・...
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Asking for advice/suggestion “should I…?”

みなさん,こんにちは。 I was wondering what gramatical structure is best to use when asking for advice as we would in English with 'Should I...?' Or 'should we...?'. I've come across two possible choices but I'...
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Can 「に」, 「は」 and 「を」 be used as 終助詞 (particles at the end of the sentence)?

I would like to understand more about the practical use of the shūjoshi. な、かしら、かな、の、ぜ、わ、こと were some I found. But I already saw に、は、を being used in the same way. Are they also shūjoshi?
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より in this sentence. When より standing in front? [duplicate]

より寂しい雰囲気が漂っている Why より standing in front?
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1answer
53 views

How do I use に and を with 繋ぎ留める?

I've been reading web novels and found the word "繋ぎ止める"here. https://syosetu.org/novel/47581/34.html. I'm not really sure how に and を can be used here? 君に私を繋ぎ留められてる Does this mean "I'm being bound/...
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85 views

Is there a rule to determine whether or not 「に」 should be attached after 「まま 」?

In the example sentences of my textbook for the grammar 〜まま, it is used either with 「に」 (①) or without 「に」 (②,③): In the case of ②, I understand that 「に」 is not necessary as まま is not acting as an ...
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687 views

What's the difference between 限り(は) and 限りでは?

I understand that 限り(は) means that "as long as ", as in : 親である限り子供を第一に考えるべきです。 Moreover, I get that 限りでは means "from that area/information" the speaker draws a conclusion, as in this sentence: ...
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What does と言わんばかりの mean here?

I checked out the other と言わんばかり stuff here, but I don't understand this still. The translation I have is: "Wide step, and slower steps than at competitions. Both are movements that push you to the ...
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129 views

Understanding the use of だった in this sentece [closed]

あの人はいい人はいいだったけれど頑固だったね I think I understand that だった but Im not completly sure, is it implied that Its refering to 人? Can you say よかった instead?
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How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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1answer
982 views

っていうことになったんですけど - meaning?

I had just received a somewhat rushed 'transliteration' of a 1 minute video. To me, Shigeru Miyamoto speaks in a way which is extremely difficult to understand. I am adding the full transcript just ...
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What does 何か mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

I’m having trouble understanding what 何か means in the following sentence: 今のチンさんの発言に対して、何か意見がある人は手を上げてください。 For the most part I understand the sentence, just not 何か
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1answer
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How to say “In the morning/afternoon/evening”?

I am wondering what the various ways of saying in the morning/afternoon/evening are... I would expect to be able to say あさ/ひる/よる に... but in the course I'm doing I never see this, they "ni" is usually ...
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198 views

question with でしょうか

こんにちは。質問があります。 1.「行くのでしょうか」 2.「いきますでしょうか」 Why is "の" needed in the first sentence to form a question, but in the second sentence there is no need for "か" to form a question?
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111 views

Is there an actual difference in meaning or nuance between 私達の世話をする and 私達を世話する?

I have seen this pattern where を is replaced by の in many sentences that use a する verb. I got used to this construction by exposure and it has started to look less clunky and more natural to me, but ...
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110 views

“If I have done that” in the continuous form? [duplicate]

I saw this sentence on TV: 日々心によぎる「あのとき こうしていれば」という言葉。。。 and I wonder why していれば is used here and not すれば. When I asked my teacher he said it is an N1 grammar point, he tried to explain it to me ...
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2answers
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What does the prefix ご in this sentence mean?

I'm aware that ご家族は何人ですか means how many people are in your family? But the ご how is used? What does mean? It would be the same as あなたの家族は何人ですか/家族は何人ですか?
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Word Order - は and が Particles

Today I learn that word order is not very strict in Japanese. You could change the order of noun phrases with no loss of meaning, as long as the correct particles are used. I've learned this with the ...
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1answer
111 views

How to specify a day and a shop/office/etc. when asking for business hours? [closed]

I'm very sorry this is a very basic Question, I just started learning japanese as my third language (german being my native one and english my second) and Right now I learned a basic way of asking for ...
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62 views

Is this phrase gramatically correct? [closed]

英語学を続けることのため、アメリカを洋行したは俺が17歳のときに。 I'm more or less a grammar mess, I started to learn japanese short ago and I ended up getting really confused about the whole sentence. I wanted to say something ...
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expressing opinion adding し at the end of adjective

I have two dialogues: かわい : 沖縄料理は 食べましたか。 ホセ : ええ、もちろんです。おいしいし、ヘルシーだし、つまも 私も 気に いりまた。 かわい : ホテルは よかったですか。 ホセ : ええ。へやは ひろくてあかるいし、へやから 海が みえたし、さいこうでした。 かわいさんの おすすめの ホテルに ...
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“と” plus a clause — but what is it doing? [duplicate]

I have a question about a passage in an article I'm reading. For context, here's the passage: 仕事はご縁。もちろん求められていることができる能力がなければ元も子もないが、そこさえクリアしていれば、あとは相性だったりタイミングだったりする。そんなご縁が転がっているかもしれないと、...
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1answer
198 views

Understanding 絵に描いたように

そんな絵に描いたように満ち足りたダーズリー家にも、たった一つ秘密があった。 In the Dursley family, who were the very picture of contentment, there was just one secret. My translation of そんな絵に描いたように満ち足りた is purely a guess based on Jisho'...
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Please Explain the Grammer Pattern and use of 見てんの [duplicate]

Studying Terrace House subtitles. In Episode 1, someone says: どういう気持ちで見てんの? (please correct the following assumptions in case I'm wrong) I understand どういう to be どう言う or "What would you say of" 気持ちで ...
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1answer
86 views

A question regarding に従って

そして、施設内で生活するに従っての約束事、その約束事を破った場合のペナルティー、そういうことも記されていた。 I've come upon unusual (at least for me) usage of に従って and can't figure out how it works. As far as I know, に従って should be used with verbs when ...
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68 views

Can you slightly switch up the word order of this sentence? [duplicate]

This is what I've been taught: これ は わたし の 本 です。 = This is my book. And I was just wondering whether you can change the word order to say: この 本 は わたし の です。 ...
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X (affirmative) より仕方がない and alternatives

I know that the usage of 仕方がない has been discussed here, but I had an additional question. If you say: X (affirmative) より仕方がない The translation as I understand it is that you have no other choice but ...
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151 views

How do I determine if an indefinite pronoun requires a particle?

I've been trying to determine if there is a rule for when indefinite pronouns (何か, だれでも、 etc.) require a particle. It seems like if the required particle is を or が, it gets "absorbed" into the ...
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33 views

Can you use で to refer to abstract locations? [duplicate]

This is probably a pretty basic question, but I'm having trouble finding an answer both here and with Google: Can you use 「で」to refer to abstract locations, like "in the video" or "on twitter"? ...
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113 views

Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
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112 views

Grammar correction: Death Note theme deconstruction

I'm currently watching Death Note and decided to interpret the opening theme. However, I'm unsure about my interpretation. I don't know what I don't know, so please either correct my mistakes or tell ...
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0answers
98 views

Is this sentence from anki correct? [duplicate]

私は帰国することに決めた This is the original sentence, but shouldn't it be: 私は帰国することを決めた or 私は帰国することが決めた?
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159 views

What is the function of を in this sentence? [duplicate]

彼は高齢を理由に社長を辞めたよ。 I found this example sentence in some core flashcards, and the translation says He gave up the company presidency due to age. Which makes sense to me, but I don't understand the ...
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1answer
189 views

〜により used twice in the same sentence

Context: explanation of the Friction Stir Welding process. In the fourth sentence I don't understand why there are two 〜により. ツールの移動により接合界面同士が順次塑性流動により攪拌・一体化 What is that is causing the process? ...
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1answer
106 views

Trouble describing a situation and the use of relative clauses

I am attempting to practice my writing and I'm having a difficult time when it comes to the situation I'm trying to describe. Original Sentence: I have seen coworkers fix work done by others ...
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103 views

問うてはいけない?why not 問ってはいけない [duplicate]

I found this sentence from a Shinkansenmaster reading textbook. 基本語彙の語源は本当は問うてはいけないのかもしれない。 But てform of 問う is 問って right? Please explain why it is used in such way. Thank you.
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34 views

How to ask a relative clause to describe an object that is marked with に。 [duplicate]

OK so I understand that to say "He is lying to me", you would say: 彼は私に嘘をついている。 My question is how would i say "The person he is lying to is me." or from "I gave the book to my brother" ...
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2answers
106 views

Article title ends in te form [duplicate]

In this article the title ends with the verb in the Te-Form. Why is this or what is intended here? I don't think I have seen a sentence end with the Te-form before エアコンや扇風機を使う季節 火事に気をつけて My ...
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2answers
1k views

ikenai construct

zettai ni yaranakyaikenai mono ga aru toki ni please help understand the meaning of this construct. Does it mean - When/If not done at all?
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1answer
241 views

も particle — “exclamation” special usage, も/と nuance distinction [duplicate]

大雪{おおゆき}によって、電車{でんしゃ}は3時間{じかん}以上{いじょう}も遅れました{おくれました}。 彼女{かのじょ}が怒る{おこる}のも当然{とうぜん}だ。 I read a few grammar explanations that suggested in these contexts も serves as an “exclamation” marker, but I’m ...
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1answer
408 views

Many Usages of the term “you ni” in conversational speech [closed]

I am having trouble in using or interpreting a sentence that uses the japanese grammatical term 'you ni". Please don't confuse it with other grammatical structures such as 'no you ni" or "you'. This ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Sentences consisting of only a long attribute and a noun

Take this one from 天狗 - Wikipedia as an example: 飛鳥時代の日本書紀に流星として登場した天狗だったが… Is it the same as 天狗は飛鳥時代の日本書紀に流星として登場したが… Why do you use だった instead of だ here? Thanks in advance.

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