We’re rewarding the question askers & reputations are being recalculated! Read more.

Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

161 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
203 views

What is the difference between よくない yokunai and だめ (dame)

よくない (yokunai) is defined as not good だめ (dame) is also defined as not good Please could you explain the difference by explicitly making reference to the following examples: Example 1a dokomo ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Meaning of によって/により

I’ve come across this phrase によって/により quite often and I’ve researched and found these meanings: by Person (この本は君によって書かれた?); due to/ because of; by means of (The teacher checked their knowledge by the ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Use of の vs か in questions

i’ve seen japanese speakers switch between both の and か in the same conversation or situation. are there certain phrases where it’s better to use one or the other? for example is の better to use with ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

「に、へ、まで」the difference in use with verbs

Well. I saw some topics here on same subjet, but I still didn't get the full image of a rule. に - iplies the place, where is purpose-action will take place (final destination) へ - implies the ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Do 最愛の人 and ダーリン mean the same thing?

I looked up for the word "darling" and got two different answers and I just want to know if they both mean the same thing.
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Why can「うんざり」be used directly preceding「だ」/「です」?

I recently came across 「うんざり」(which dictionaries describe as an "adverb" and "する-verb"), and cannot figure out why it works in sentences where it directly precedes 「だ」/「です」. An example is: 「...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Questions about possession phrases

I'm asking here since I didn't manage to find a definitive answer to my questions. 1. When should I use には and when は? The only thing I managed to find online is that は is used when a quantity is ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Adjective-Nominalization さの vs normal usage with な

I try reading a Japanese book for the first time and I have some trouble with the sentence: たったひとりとはいえ、その自分を惨めさの道連れにした。 I think I somewhat get the meaning of it, but I am confused why 惨め is ...
1
vote
0answers
140 views

始める vs 出す vs になる

Elementary grammar books cover the difference between '赤ちゃんは歩き始めた' and '赤ちゃんは歩き出した'. However, there seem to be one more grammatically correct way to say 'to begin doing something', namely Vstem+になる. I ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Is にとって often shortened to に in spoken, colloquial Japanese?

For example, 「昼ごはんに寄せ鍋を食べた」or 「私に(は)辛すぎる」, in both cases meaning "for".
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?

I have been wondering about it for a while, Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Difference between といえども and とはいえ

I was studying for the N1 and I found といえども and とは言え、 which are both described as the formal version of とはいっても and that they both mean "despite/ even". Can somebody explain me the difference and ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Question about ~になり

So I have this sentence : 写真は良い思い出になります translated as : " Photographs bring back a lot of memory." I personally read it as : " Photos will become great way to remember (the past/memories)" ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Which grammar structure does this sentence fit into?

Which grammar structure does the following sentence fit into? あのナイフは、パンを切るのにつかいます。 I translated it as "That knife is used to cut bread". However, I can't understand the 切るのにつかいます part. The closest ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Describing an imminent event

I have been trying to determine the differences between : 迫る 迫り来る 差し迫る From what I gather it is based on the context, but I have been unsuccessful in seeing the different nuances in usage.
1
vote
0answers
374 views

what's the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに?

I can't wrap my head around the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに. I have already looked up at the answers already posted in two previous posts and on the internet, but I still don't get it. I ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

Help with Japanese sentence order

So, I recently decided to take a try at Japanese again. As such I decided to jump right in to using the vocabulary I know in sentences to see how far I could get. The following is what I came up with, ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Function of と in this sentence

I'm struggling with figuring the function of the particle と in this sentence from a book of Japanese literature in parallel text from the beginning of 夏目漱石's 夢十夜: 腕組をして枕元に坐っていると、仰向に寝た女が、...
1
vote
0answers
190 views

などということは vs などというのは, is first one used to “physical things” and second one to “activities”?

I stumbled upon this definition in "tobira". Is my understanding correct, that の is used for "activities and abstracts" and "こと” for more physical things?
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Does といったところ translate to “approximately” or “at most” in this sentence?

How would you translate the following sentence: 明日参加予定なのは、田中さん、林さん、川田さん、原さんといったところです。 Is it either: According to tomorrow's schedule only/merely/at most Tanaka, Hayashi, Kawada and Hara will ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

What does 「ような 」mean in the following sentence?

What is the difference between 以下の条件を満たすような日本語スピーカーを探しています and 以下の条件を満たす日本語スピーカーを探しています ?
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Does the も particle mean “as far as” in the following sentence?

I'm translating a sentence, and I come across the particle も. I remember learning in my Beginner Japanese class that the particle も can be used to mean "too" in various situations, but that meaning is ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

When to use te form and past tense

Was going through my Genki book and saw an example sentence of te form verb but it ended in past tense. (言う いってた) Why use the te form at all and not just past tense 「あきらさんは何て言ってた?」 「...
1
vote
1answer
365 views

Questions about の→ん contraction, でござる→でございます shift

【原文】Original version 各これらの語の特徴はいつからなの?何時代ですの? 第一、「のです」と「なのです」を書いて「んです」と「なんです」を書かなかったことはいつからなの? 第に、「でござる」を書いて「でございます」を書かなかったこともいつからなの? 私の日本語がよくないですと、すみません! Edited version I have two questions ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

“But”, “but also”, “yet”, and “and yet” when listing things?

How do I express the these ideas in Japanese while listing things? For example, how should these sentences be translated into Japanese while carrying the same tone? He has a scary face but a heart ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Multiple translations of ある?

With reference to this sentence: 時{じ}間{かん}がありますか。 I understand this can be translated as "Do you have time?" Could it also mean "Is there time?" Edit: It was suggested that the answer to my ...
0
votes
0answers
133 views

Why is `お一人様の際は、こちらのテーブルをお使いいただけます` wrong?

In 新完全{しんかんぜん}マスター文法{ぶんぽう}N2 there is an exercise to choose the correct phrase to make the full sentence correct. (...)際{さい}は、こちらのテーブルをお使{つか}いいただけます。 a) お食事{しょくじ}の b) ご飯{はん}を食{た}べる c) お一人様{...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

nanimo vs nandemo (also daredemo/daremo) 誰でも 誰も 何でも 何も

何でも食べる 何も食べない "it is as much as something, eat." = if it's anything, i'll eat it/i eat it. "as much as something, not eat." = if it's anything, i will not/don't eat it. 何でもない = "it is as much as ...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

Need help understanding what 全体 is referring to in this context (NSFW)

You'll have to pardon the example as it is NSFW(I didn't see anything explicitly disallowing these types of questions). The context of the text below is that the main character is having sex with his ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

親友の出産に立ち会った. Sentence formation

why did we use に after 出産. Is it because 出産 is a Suruverb ? or just a normal Noun. Any similar examples ?
0
votes
0answers
86 views

肌に悪い. noun Ni adjective

肌に悪い. Can anyone explain the sentence structure of this form, also few more examples, what is the difference between saying 肌のために悪い ?
0
votes
0answers
64 views

NO adjectives list or complete explanation

how can i distinguish between no adjectives and noun? particularly, No adjectives are joined with a ni particles, Is there any full list or something to remember about them ?
0
votes
0answers
62 views

What is the difference in connotation between できれば and できたら?

Is できれば more polite? Is one more often used when describing favors? Also could you please provide some examples?
0
votes
0answers
64 views

ところ+particle(助詞) precision

Hy, I am currently working on with 新完成マスター N3 for my grammar part and I get stuck on a small section of the lesson related to ところ(~p.17)。 So far, I understand that, according to this lesson, ところ can ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

〜たことある/ない vs 〜たことあった/なかった

I see these as example sentences on sites, and I cant figure out the nuances between both. When would you use the past form of this phrase?
0
votes
0answers
96 views

What are the different uses of iroiro?

I already know there is the adjective iroiro+na, and I've learned that, but recently I've learned that iroiro+to and iroiro+no are different ways to use "iroiro", which I have not learned in class, ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

noun and adjective in the sentence

what is the difference between these two sentences and where we can use them 先生からの手紙を読めと言われた。 先生からもらった手紙を読めと言われた。     as in first case we use kara to modify ..
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Don't understand meaning of verb stem + ちぎれない

I'm playing a game and looking at an item description. But for the life of me I cannot find out what grammar concept is behind the bold portion of the description. I know the verb being used is 噛む (...
0
votes
1answer
239 views

Differences between Wa Nai and Ga Nai?

I first learnt Ga as always attached to Arimasen so still trying to grasp the nuances when changed to a Wa. From my understanding of Wa vs Ga differences, it's just simply a matter of topic vs ...
0
votes
0answers
128 views

Using 通り in combination with adjectives

V る + とおり(に) V た + とおり(に) NOUN + の + とおり(に) 後藤先生の奥さんは、想像していた通りの優しい人でした。 as in this example, とおり can only be used with only verbs and nouns but not with adjective.What could be the simplest ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

How should I read constructions like “NPのそのNP”?

I encounter these sometimes, but I have a hard time understanding what they're trying to say. Just wandering if someone could explain what it means when you have a possessive noun construction behind ...
0
votes
0answers
129 views

Various meanings of どうですか?

This was a while back so I forget what the situation was exactly. I was asking an employee for help at a Bic Camera. If I recall correctly, I was asking something like "Are there other keyboards ...
0
votes
0answers
176 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
0
votes
0answers
132 views

Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
0
votes
0answers
459 views

“I wish I could say…”

Just wondering how you would say "I wish I could say "I miss you""? I was thinking it would be something along the lines of 「恋しい」語るできたらいいのに although I'm not sure. Thanks!
0
votes
0answers
59 views

What is meant by 人形を使ったおんぶ here?

The sentence in question: 園では、子どもたちにおんぶに慣れてもらうために、人形を使ったおんぶを取り入れて子どもたちがおんぶになじめるように工夫しています。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Why can we use にせよ in this situation?

If I'm not mistaken, にせよ is more or less にしろ and they can be used like にしても. The thing I don't understand is that normally in Xにする, X is a noun but in this sentence にせよ is used right after a verb in ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

Japanese Particle Intonation

I need help with my Japanese intonation. I'm getting better at pronouncing words at word level, but I'm having trouble with pronouncing particles. I have not found a single article talking about this ...