Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

139 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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Clarification of objects using questions

When I want to ask whether or not something I have is what I think it is, I can't figure out exactly what to say. これは梅じゃないの? (Rising intonation) Is this not a plum? これは梅じゃないね。(Falling ...
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Delimiting prenominal relative clauses

I encountered this sentence: 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する Is there any way of knowing if this is 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する or 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・...
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Is there a rule to determine whether or not 「に」 should be attached after 「まま 」?

In the example sentences of my textbook for the grammar 〜まま, it is used either with 「に」 (①) or without 「に」 (②,③): In the case of ②, I understand that 「に」 is not necessary as まま is not acting as an ...
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143 views

What's the difference between 限り(は) and 限りでは?

I understand that 限り(は) means that "as long as ", as in : 親である限り子供を第一に考えるべきです。 Moreover, I get that 限りでは means "from that area/information" the speaker draws a conclusion, as in this sentence: ...
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88 views

What does と言わんばかりの mean here?

I checked out the other と言わんばかり stuff here, but I don't understand this still. The translation I have is: "Wide step, and slower steps than at competitions. Both are movements that push you to the ...
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1answer
265 views

っていうことになったんですけど - meaning?

I had just received a somewhat rushed 'transliteration' of a 1 minute video. To me, Shigeru Miyamoto speaks in a way which is extremely difficult to understand. I am adding the full transcript just ...
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134 views

question with でしょうか

こんにちは。質問があります。 1.「行くのでしょうか」 2.「いきますでしょうか」 Why is "の" needed in the first sentence to form a question, but in the second sentence there is no need for "か" to form a question?
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86 views

Is there an actual difference in meaning or nuance between 私達の世話をする and 私達を世話する?

I have seen this pattern where を is replaced by の in many sentences that use a する verb. I got used to this construction by exposure and it has started to look less clunky and more natural to me, but ...
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97 views

Word Order - は and が Particles

Today I learn that word order is not very strict in Japanese. You could change the order of noun phrases with no loss of meaning, as long as the correct particles are used. I've learned this with the ...
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expressing opinion adding し at the end of adjective

I have two dialogues: かわい : 沖縄料理は 食べましたか。 ホセ : ええ、もちろんです。おいしいし、ヘルシーだし、つまも 私も 気に いりまた。 かわい : ホテルは よかったですか。 ホセ : ええ。へやは ひろくてあかるいし、へやから 海が みえたし、さいこうでした。 かわいさんの おすすめの ホテルに ...
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89 views

X (affirmative) より仕方がない and alternatives

I know that the usage of 仕方がない has been discussed here, but I had an additional question. If you say: X (affirmative) より仕方がない The translation as I understand it is that you have no other choice ...
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91 views

How do I determine if an indefinite pronoun requires a particle?

I've been trying to determine if there is a rule for when indefinite pronouns (何か, だれでも、 etc.) require a particle. It seems like if the required particle is を or が, it gets "absorbed" into the ...
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2answers
288 views

The use and difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う

I am having problem understanding the difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う。  As for んじゃないかと思った, I found the following examples:"忘れているんじゃないかと思った" and "間に合わないんじゃないかと思った"。 Moreover, in regards ...
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Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
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103 views

Grammar correction: Death Note theme deconstruction

I'm currently watching Death Note and decided to interpret the opening theme. However, I'm unsure about my interpretation. I don't know what I don't know, so please either correct my mistakes or tell ...
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152 views

Use of なら in this context - Concerning?

I was trying to translate this song but the first couple of lines didn't make much sense to me. There seem to be a lot of inferred particles or something, because there seem to be a bunch of ...
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113 views

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?
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1answer
217 views

Transforming (conjugating) verbs

So I am studying from an online site called Memrise but they seem to teach pretty straightforward stuff that you have to memorize in order to do them. Yeah I can ask and say things but I can notice ...
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1answer
76 views

With what verbal form can とたん be used?

I studied that とたん must be used after a verb in the past form, and that, also the clause that follows it is in the past form. In this case it bears the meaning of "as soon as something happens, ...
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1answer
116 views

What's the difference between 上で and 次第?

I was wondering what was the difference between 上で and 次第. As for their significance I think that they differ a little. On one end, 上で bears the meaning of "upon doing something", whilst 次第 implies ...
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1answer
157 views

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean?

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean? I posted the question on HiNative to no luck and Google Translate is definitely way off. The use of the と particle has me a bit confused.
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1answer
138 views

Combining multiple nouns with a lack of attributive verbs

While listening to a song (I believe it would be considered denpa or something close to it) I came across these lyrics (hesitant English translations by me): どうだい くたばる前に あばよ昇天 How’s that? Before I ...
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1answer
113 views

Want to know if my sentence makes sense

I'm constructing a sentence where I want to say that "I really want to live in Japan because I can speak Japanese every day and that it has many beautiful places" the way I've written it is below: ...
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1answer
478 views

How does potential form + ように differ to できるように

How does the structure (potential form + ように) meaning 'in order to do something in the future' differ to できるように ? 'have the ability to do something in the future. For example: たくさんことばが覚えられるように、...
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1answer
164 views

Are there some cases where は and が are interchangable?

I understand that は and が can be very different in meaning & emotion, and some structures require one of them. However, are there some cases where I can use either of them but the sentence remains ...
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1answer
434 views

だって, なんだって and some other interpretation questions

I have couple of issues/questions about a certain piece of monologue from a manga. Because it's from a manga I will be separating the lines based on boxes in which they are in, and using / to separate ...
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1answer
174 views

Relating parts of sentences

(first post, correct me if anything X)) I'm having trouble relating the parts of this sentences: エリナ: 窓の外に見えるの 皆シットル? Erina: Couldn't the rest of people look out of the window? タダシ: ...
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2answers
180 views

How to understand 委ねる in this line

I'm failing to understand what it means for the 戦い to 委ねる in the below sentence. Is there anyone who could clarify what it means in this case? この戦いは国の勝ち負けだけじゃなく一人一人がどちらを選ぶのか委ねている Additional ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between kattan and kaimashita?

In Japanese the mashita ending is the past form of polite verbs. For example: To buy (root form) - Kau To buy (polite form) - kaimasu To buy (polite form, past) - kaimashita In my Japanese text ...
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110 views

Can に関わりなく be used with adjectives?

にかかわりなく seems to come after a noun, e.g.: 文化祭は当日の天気にかかわりなく開催されます。 The school culture festival will be held regardless of the weather on the day. Is it possible to use it with an adjective e.g. ...
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There is a difference between Vてこそ, Vばこそ and からこそ?

I think that all of these three forms indicate both a reason, as well the emotional aspect of this reason. Could somebody tell me if I got their meanings right and whether they are interchangeable or ...
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59 views

What's the difference between てかなわない and てたまらない??

To my understanding てたまらない and てかなわない both mean "can't stand/unable to". However, I believe that てかなわない can't be used with adjectives of feeling, while てたまらない can. My question is how can I distinguish ...
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difference between particles の and を for the verb 紹介する

家族にはまだ彼氏を紹介していません。 and 家族にはまだ彼氏の紹介していません。 are these two sentences same please explain
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How to say “The following” in Japanese

Since the word order in Japanese is kinda vague and also mostly reversed to what English speakers are used to, I always wondered how to say things like that in Japaense: The boy said the following: '...
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What's the difference between とともに and にともない?

Could somebody explain me the difference between them? They really appear to have a similar usage and meaning. I feel that と共に can be used instead of と一緒に in formal writing , since they both mean "...
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Can 「に」, 「は」 and 「を」 be used as 終助詞 (particles at the end of the sentence)?

I would like to understand more about the practical use of the shūjoshi. な、かしら、かな、の、ぜ、わ、こと were some I found. But I already saw に、は、を being used in the same way. Are they also shūjoshi?
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114 views

What is the difference between よくない yokunai and だめ (dame)

よくない (yokunai) is defined as not good だめ (dame) is also defined as not good Please could you explain the difference by explicitly making reference to the following examples: Example 1a dokomo ...
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107 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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96 views

Use of の vs か in questions

i’ve seen japanese speakers switch between both の and か in the same conversation or situation. are there certain phrases where it’s better to use one or the other? for example is の better to use with ...
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「に、へ、まで」the difference in use with verbs

Well. I saw some topics here on same subjet, but I still didn't get the full image of a rule. に - iplies the place, where is purpose-action will take place (final destination) へ - implies the ...
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Do 最愛の人 and ダーリン mean the same thing?

I looked up for the word "darling" and got two different answers and I just want to know if they both mean the same thing.
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Why can「うんざり」be used directly preceding「だ」/「です」?

I recently came across 「うんざり」(which dictionaries describe as an "adverb" and "する-verb"), and cannot figure out why it works in sentences where it directly precedes 「だ」/「です」. An example is: 「...
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1answer
114 views

ていい after potential form

I was listening to the song 命に嫌われている and came across the following lyrics: 寂しいなんて言葉でこの傷が表せていいものか そんな意地ばかり抱え今日も一人ベッドに眠る I don’t understand what ていい is doing here. An attempt at a direct ...
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Questions about possession phrases

I'm asking here since I didn't manage to find a definitive answer to my questions. 1. When should I use には and when は? The only thing I managed to find online is that は is used when a quantity is ...
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107 views

Adjective-Nominalization さの vs normal usage with な

I try reading a Japanese book for the first time and I have some trouble with the sentence: たったひとりとはいえ、その自分を惨めさの道連れにした。 I think I somewhat get the meaning of it, but I am confused why 惨め is ...
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126 views

始める vs 出す vs になる

Elementary grammar books cover the difference between '赤ちゃんは歩き始めた' and '赤ちゃんは歩き出した'. However, there seem to be one more grammatically correct way to say 'to begin doing something', namely Vstem+になる. I ...
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79 views

Is にとって often shortened to に in spoken, colloquial Japanese?

For example, 「昼ごはんに寄せ鍋を食べた」or 「私に(は)辛すぎる」, in both cases meaning "for".
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113 views

Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?

I have been wondering about it for a while, Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?
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110 views

Difference between といえども and とはいえ

I was studying for the N1 and I found といえども and とは言え、 which are both described as the formal version of とはいっても and that they both mean "despite/ even". Can somebody explain me the difference and ...
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81 views

Question about ~になり

So I have this sentence : 写真は良い思い出になります translated as : " Photographs bring back a lot of memory." I personally read it as : " Photos will become great way to remember (the past/memories)" ...