Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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245 views

について vs に関して - the internet tells me they only change in formality, but Imabi disagrees?

について vs に関して 1a. 今から韓国に関して話してください。X 1b. 今から韓国について話してください。〇 Why is Imabi saying that 1a is wrong? Source All sources are saying that について and に関して have the same function, with the latter being more ...
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1answer
309 views

Is ないとダメ a stronger “must” than なければダメ?

I learned that one way to form a "must" sentence is "negative verb + conditional + ダメ・ならない・いけない": I mainly see two kinds of conditional used - the 仮定形 and と. For example 食べないとダメだ。 食べなければダメだ。 ...
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62 views

な vs の classes of nouns

Based on my understanding, it seems that "な-adjectives" and "nouns" both function as nouns in the grammatical sense with the exception that "な-adjectives" are linked to other nouns with な and "nouns" ...
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61 views

Using a question phrase (~か, ~のか) as an adverb

I'm guessing this MUST have been asked here before, but I can't find anything on it. If there's a relevant link please let me know. An example of this is: 髪ときたら 、夕べはふさふさと豊かだったのに、けさはまだシャワーを浴びていないのか、...
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116 views

Clarification of objects using questions

When I want to ask whether or not something I have is what I think it is, I can't figure out exactly what to say. これは梅じゃないの? (Rising intonation) Is this not a plum? これは梅じゃないね。(Falling ...
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73 views

Delimiting prenominal relative clauses

I encountered this sentence: 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する Is there any way of knowing if this is 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する or 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・...
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82 views

Can 「に」, 「は」 and 「を」 be used as 終助詞 (particles at the end of the sentence)?

I would like to understand more about the practical use of the shūjoshi. な、かしら、かな、の、ぜ、わ、こと were some I found. But I already saw に、は、を being used in the same way. Are they also shūjoshi?
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65 views

Is there a rule to determine whether or not 「に」 should be attached after 「まま 」?

In the example sentences of my textbook for the grammar 〜まま, it is used either with 「に」 (①) or without 「に」 (②,③): In the case of ②, I understand that 「に」 is not necessary as まま is not acting as an ...
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258 views

What's the difference between 限り(は) and 限りでは?

I understand that 限り(は) means that "as long as ", as in : 親である限り子供を第一に考えるべきです。 Moreover, I get that 限りでは means "from that area/information" the speaker draws a conclusion, as in this sentence: ...
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88 views

What does と言わんばかりの mean here?

I checked out the other と言わんばかり stuff here, but I don't understand this still. The translation I have is: "Wide step, and slower steps than at competitions. Both are movements that push you to the ...
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1answer
372 views

っていうことになったんですけど - meaning?

I had just received a somewhat rushed 'transliteration' of a 1 minute video. To me, Shigeru Miyamoto speaks in a way which is extremely difficult to understand. I am adding the full transcript just ...
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137 views

question with でしょうか

こんにちは。質問があります。 1.「行くのでしょうか」 2.「いきますでしょうか」 Why is "の" needed in the first sentence to form a question, but in the second sentence there is no need for "か" to form a question?
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89 views

Is there an actual difference in meaning or nuance between 私達の世話をする and 私達を世話する?

I have seen this pattern where を is replaced by の in many sentences that use a する verb. I got used to this construction by exposure and it has started to look less clunky and more natural to me, but ...
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0answers
99 views

Word Order - は and が Particles

Today I learn that word order is not very strict in Japanese. You could change the order of noun phrases with no loss of meaning, as long as the correct particles are used. I've learned this with the ...
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66 views

expressing opinion adding し at the end of adjective

I have two dialogues: かわい : 沖縄料理は 食べましたか。 ホセ : ええ、もちろんです。おいしいし、ヘルシーだし、つまも 私も 気に いりまた。 かわい : ホテルは よかったですか。 ホセ : ええ。へやは ひろくてあかるいし、へやから 海が みえたし、さいこうでした。 かわいさんの おすすめの ホテルに ...
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90 views

X (affirmative) より仕方がない and alternatives

I know that the usage of 仕方がない has been discussed here, but I had an additional question. If you say: X (affirmative) より仕方がない The translation as I understand it is that you have no other choice ...
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93 views

How do I determine if an indefinite pronoun requires a particle?

I've been trying to determine if there is a rule for when indefinite pronouns (何か, だれでも、 etc.) require a particle. It seems like if the required particle is を or が, it gets "absorbed" into the ...
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2answers
331 views

The use and difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う

I am having problem understanding the difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う。  As for んじゃないかと思った, I found the following examples:"忘れているんじゃないかと思った" and "間に合わないんじゃないかと思った"。 Moreover, in regards ...
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98 views

Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
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103 views

Grammar correction: Death Note theme deconstruction

I'm currently watching Death Note and decided to interpret the opening theme. However, I'm unsure about my interpretation. I don't know what I don't know, so please either correct my mistakes or tell ...
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1answer
148 views

Can sentence-ending particles be used at the end of an independent clause?

With the sentence: 「僕は今度遠い所へ行くからね、その前一寸お前に遭いに来たよ。」 "I am leaving now to go to a far away place, so before that I came to meet you for a short time." Assuming I read that right, then it seems like ...
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153 views

Use of なら in this context - Concerning?

I was trying to translate this song but the first couple of lines didn't make much sense to me. There seem to be a lot of inferred particles or something, because there seem to be a bunch of ...
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115 views

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?
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1answer
219 views

Transforming (conjugating) verbs

So I am studying from an online site called Memrise but they seem to teach pretty straightforward stuff that you have to memorize in order to do them. Yeah I can ask and say things but I can notice ...
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1answer
77 views

With what verbal form can とたん be used?

I studied that とたん must be used after a verb in the past form, and that, also the clause that follows it is in the past form. In this case it bears the meaning of "as soon as something happens, ...
2
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1answer
122 views

What's the difference between 上で and 次第?

I was wondering what was the difference between 上で and 次第. As for their significance I think that they differ a little. On one end, 上で bears the meaning of "upon doing something", whilst 次第 implies ...
2
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1answer
162 views

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean?

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean? I posted the question on HiNative to no luck and Google Translate is definitely way off. The use of the と particle has me a bit confused.
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1answer
144 views

Combining multiple nouns with a lack of attributive verbs

While listening to a song (I believe it would be considered denpa or something close to it) I came across these lyrics (hesitant English translations by me): どうだい くたばる前に あばよ昇天 How’s that? Before I ...
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1answer
114 views

Want to know if my sentence makes sense

I'm constructing a sentence where I want to say that "I really want to live in Japan because I can speak Japanese every day and that it has many beautiful places" the way I've written it is below: ...
2
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1answer
551 views

How does potential form + ように differ to できるように

How does the structure (potential form + ように) meaning 'in order to do something in the future' differ to できるように ? 'have the ability to do something in the future. For example: たくさんことばが覚えられるように、...
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1answer
166 views

Are there some cases where は and が are interchangable?

I understand that は and が can be very different in meaning & emotion, and some structures require one of them. However, are there some cases where I can use either of them but the sentence remains ...
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1answer
465 views

だって, なんだって and some other interpretation questions

I have couple of issues/questions about a certain piece of monologue from a manga. Because it's from a manga I will be separating the lines based on boxes in which they are in, and using / to separate ...
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1answer
175 views

Relating parts of sentences

(first post, correct me if anything X)) I'm having trouble relating the parts of this sentences: エリナ: 窓の外に見えるの 皆シットル? Erina: Couldn't the rest of people look out of the window? タダシ: ...
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2answers
181 views

How to understand 委ねる in this line

I'm failing to understand what it means for the 戦い to 委ねる in the below sentence. Is there anyone who could clarify what it means in this case? この戦いは国の勝ち負けだけじゃなく一人一人がどちらを選ぶのか委ねている Additional ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between kattan and kaimashita?

In Japanese the mashita ending is the past form of polite verbs. For example: To buy (root form) - Kau To buy (polite form) - kaimasu To buy (polite form, past) - kaimashita In my Japanese text ...
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87 views

Does といったところ translate to “approximately” or “at most” in this sentence?

How would you translate the following sentence: 明日参加予定なのは、田中さん、林さん、川田さん、原さんといったところです。 Is it either: According to tomorrow's schedule only/merely/at most Tanaka, Hayashi, Kawada and Hara will ...
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55 views

What is the difference between 以外と、案外 and 割と

I've been having a bit of trouble differentiating between these 3 grammatical points as their usage is quite similar and can be interchanged at times. Can someone explain the difference with some ...
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1answer
121 views

What is the meaning? — 誰かいないのか

I need your help. "誰かいないのか" As far as I understand it, this translates to something like, "I want to know, if there somebody, who is available now" The questions are: Is the translation ok? Could ...
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114 views

Can に関わりなく be used with adjectives?

にかかわりなく seems to come after a noun, e.g.: 文化祭は当日の天気にかかわりなく開催されます。 The school culture festival will be held regardless of the weather on the day. Is it possible to use it with an adjective e.g. ...
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0answers
48 views

There is a difference between Vてこそ, Vばこそ and からこそ?

I think that all of these three forms indicate both a reason, as well the emotional aspect of this reason. Could somebody tell me if I got their meanings right and whether they are interchangeable or ...
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0answers
60 views

What's the difference between てかなわない and てたまらない??

To my understanding てたまらない and てかなわない both mean "can't stand/unable to". However, I believe that てかなわない can't be used with adjectives of feeling, while てたまらない can. My question is how can I distinguish ...
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44 views

difference between particles の and を for the verb 紹介する

家族にはまだ彼氏を紹介していません。 and 家族にはまだ彼氏の紹介していません。 are these two sentences same please explain
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90 views

How to say “The following” in Japanese

Since the word order in Japanese is kinda vague and also mostly reversed to what English speakers are used to, I always wondered how to say things like that in Japaense: The boy said the following: '...
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26 views

What's the difference between とともに and にともない?

Could somebody explain me the difference between them? They really appear to have a similar usage and meaning. I feel that と共に can be used instead of と一緒に in formal writing , since they both mean "...
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1answer
161 views

What is the difference between よくない yokunai and だめ (dame)

よくない (yokunai) is defined as not good だめ (dame) is also defined as not good Please could you explain the difference by explicitly making reference to the following examples: Example 1a dokomo ...
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1answer
136 views

Meaning of によって/により

I’ve come across this phrase によって/により quite often and I’ve researched and found these meanings: by Person (この本は君によって書かれた?); due to/ because of; by means of (The teacher checked their knowledge by the ...
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111 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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104 views

Use of の vs か in questions

i’ve seen japanese speakers switch between both の and か in the same conversation or situation. are there certain phrases where it’s better to use one or the other? for example is の better to use with ...
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72 views

「に、へ、まで」the difference in use with verbs

Well. I saw some topics here on same subjet, but I still didn't get the full image of a rule. に - iplies the place, where is purpose-action will take place (final destination) へ - implies the ...
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50 views

Do 最愛の人 and ダーリン mean the same thing?

I looked up for the word "darling" and got two different answers and I just want to know if they both mean the same thing.