Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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どこ vs なん which one is better in the sentence?

Q: あの立派な建物は何ですか。/あの立派な建物は何処ですか。 A: あの立派な建物は留学生食堂です。 Which of the question sounds more natural in the given context?
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What does で mean in the end of a sentence in Hida dialect

明日は私が作るでね〜 Is the で in this sentence the particle で? what is the function of で in this case? This is from 君の名は manga and one of the settings of the story is in Gifu prefecture so this seems to be a ...
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Understanding 警戒と注意<に>

士道は真剣な表情でうなずきかえした。それはそうだ。士道は六喰に幾度となく殺されかけているのである。警戒と注意に、し過ぎということはないだろう。 I understand the last sentence means he can’t be too careful. But how should I make sense of this bold に? If it was を, then it’...
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Understanding 殴られてやる

口の中を切った血を吐き捨てて立ち上がる。思いの外にダメージの少ない、淀みのない動き。 「経験上、実際に聞くまで誰も納得しないから言わないだけだ。時間を無駄にしたくない」 「あァ? おまえ何言って、」 「そのうち話す。……それと、」  言うなりシンはライデンの顔面をぶん殴った。  小柄な体軀で至極コンパクトな振りで、おそろしく効いた。体重の移動と力の伝達が無駄一つなく適切だからで、...
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Understanding それをこいつは

死神の異名を持つ同い年のその戦隊長は、それまでのライデンの経験からは信じられないほど杜撰で気まぐれだった。  哨戒の類は一切させず、どこに〈レギオン〉が潜んでいるとも知れぬ廃墟を一人で探索し、レーダーに何の反応もないうちから突然出撃命令を出す。それらは確かに気味が悪いほどそのとおりだったけれど、ライデンにしてみれば自殺志願者としか思えない無防備さだった。  腹に据えかねた。  ...
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Grammar: understanding ~での, particle usage for なった, function of ため [closed]

Link: https://www.kanaloco.jp/news/government/article-905621.html プール管理の担当教員が水泳の授業での新型コロナウイルス感染を防ぐために、プールの水を常にあふれさせて水質をきれいにする必要があると勘違いしたことが原因。 Why is there a の after 水泳の授業で? 同月2日の検針時に学校全体の水道料金が、...
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Does Japanese have rules like English "Use 'He and I', not 'me and him'"?

For example, would 彼と私 always sound just as natural as 私と彼? Or is one preferred over the other for certain uses? And this would apply to any other name or pronoun besides 彼.
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What is the difference between 自然【しぜん】 and 自然【じねん】?

これがひとり飲【の】みだと、自然【しぜん】と自分【じぶん】と向【む】き合【あ】う時間【じかん】ができる(source) When you drink alone, you naturally have time to face yourself. When I looked up the vocabulary in this sentence in WWWJDIC, the English ...
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Parsing sentence: 市立馬堀中学校でプールの給水栓を約2カ月間、断続的に開けたままにしたことで、約423万8千リットルの水道水が流出したと発表した。

Link: https://www.kanaloco.jp/news/government/article-905621.html 横須賀市は21日、市立馬堀中学校でプールの給水栓を約2カ月間、断続的に開けたままにしたことで、約423万8千リットルの水道水が流出したと発表した。 This seems to be a AをBと construction. But parsing it like ...
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Grammar behind an object counter [duplicate]

Example: ビールを一杯飲む ビール一杯を飲む 一杯のビールを飲む ビールの一杯を飲む As far as I can tell all of them are usable and valid. How is this floating state of the counter explained grammatically? I presume it counts as an ...
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自殺に見せ掛ける - Particle に

Context: https://streamable.com/sk6rst Sentence: 単なる自殺か? 自殺に見せ掛けた 他殺か? Question: What is the function of the particle に in 自殺に見せ掛けた ?
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The grammar of 運命にある

彼らはみんな死ぬ運命にある。 They are all destined to die. Also a similar sentence from this post: 2人は戦う宿命にある The meanings are clear but I can't quite understand how the grammar is working here. How should I ...
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3 votes
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What is non-past verb + に? [duplicate]

あの慌てようを見るに、危ない落ち方をしたのだろう。 The context is that the speaker fell over and hit his head, and his mom screamed and ran over. I think that it means something like "Seeing her panic, I guess it was a ...
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Understanding あたりも

From 義妹生活 ch3, protagonist was describing 目玉焼き cooked for him by his stepsister, あくまでも基本に忠実、変なアレンジをすることもなく、きっちりと教科書通りのものを作ったんだろう。黄身や全体の形が崩れたりもせず、きれいな円を描くそれは、味も食感も見た目通りの完成度だ。過度なメシマズ属性を持っていないあたりも、...
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What’s the difference between “AにもBがあります“ and “AにBもあります”?

It seems to me that both mean the same thing, but which one is more frequently used?
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1 vote
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Can "Bはどこですか" be the question of "AにBがあります"?

If not, what would the sentence be if I want to ask "Where is B?"
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3 votes
2 answers
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現実化する versus 現実になる

その悪夢が現実化した。 The nightmare became a reality. This sentence sounds to me like the nightmare has animacy. It is realising itself, where 'itself' is the implied object of する. It all sounds rather ...
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5 votes
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What does よう知らん mean in その辺の仕組みはあんたらと違って よう知らん

I saw this sentence in an episode of attack on titan the speaker is referencing a power she has and that she doesn't understand how it works unlike the listeners who do The english sub translation was ...
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Is there a Japanese word or phrase for half-human, half-snake? [duplicate]

I am looking for a Japanese term that would describe a half human, half snake creature like the Medusa from the original Clash of the Titans. There are yokai, that are similar, but do not match what I ...
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Usage of 「書かない」referring to famous authors

In Yorushika's song "Hitchcock"'s lyrics appears the sentence: ニーチェもフロイトもこの穴の埋め方は書かないんだ Which is translated as "Neither Nietche nor Freud wrote about how to fill this hole" by ...
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Understanding その上で、だ

続いて、ライデンが名乗った。 「戦隊副長、ライデン・シュガだ。……まず最初に謝っとく。あんたが毎晩繫いでくるのを、俺達は聖女気取りの偽善者のブタが、自分のブタ加減に気づきもしねぇでおめでたいって笑ってた。それについては詫びる。悪かった。その上で、だ」  黒鉄色の双眸が冷然と細まる。 「セオが言ったとおり、俺達はあんたを対等とも仲間とも思わない。あんたは俺達を踏みつけた上で、...
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What does なり mean and how is ように used in this sentence?

化粧をすると、声が高く、大きくなり、相手の目をよく見て話すようになるそうです。 My understanding: When you wear makeup, your voice becomes higher and stronger [the なり grammar I don't understand], and your partner [becomes able to do ...
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Understanding てからだって

……こっちに来てからだって、嫌になったらいつでも全部放り出して壁の向こうに帰れるんだ。仲間面される度にむかむかしたよ。安い同情ごっこにいつ飽きて帰るかってみんなで賭けてた」 86─エイティシックス─ 安里アサト How should I make sense of the bold からだって? I think てから means "after" and だって is でも, ...
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2 answers
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Understanding わけでなし

操縦桿を握るパイロットに告げた。普段八五区外に飛ばす機会など全くない、偵察機での長距離飛行を許可されて楽しげな顔なじみのパイロットは気軽く頷く。 「了解です、大佐。……ですが、その辺りは規則では輸送の連中の飛行禁止区域ですよ?」 「何、問題ないだろう。競合区域まで入るわけでなし、それにこの速度なら着くのは夜だ。〈レギオン〉どもは動かんよ」 86─エイティシックス─ 安里アサト Is the ...
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What is the use of the と particle in the following sentence?

新型コロナ感染拡大前の4年前の同じ時期と比べると、およそ5割にとどまっています。 This is from a news article on the number of seats being used on the Shinkansen. I understand the meaning is "In comparison to the same time 4 years ago ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Regarding difference between「あげく」and 「ものの」

Please explain to me why the first sentence is correct, and the second, wrong: 「税金を無駄遣いしたあげく、消費税を引き上げるなんて許せない」(O) 「税金を無駄遣いしたものの、消費税を引き上げるなんて許せない」(X) From my understanding, 「ものの」 is used to describe ...
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What is the difference between ~てくれる and ~てくれている?

Someone I talked to on the internet said to me: あなたみたいに面白いなと思ってくれてるお客さんはいるみたい、たまに… The person was talking about a sentence I'd said earlier that people would probably think their restaurant was a ...
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Understanding そうあって

酷く子供じみたその響きが嫌で、セオは苛々と唇を突きだす。 『気持ちはわかるけど、言いすぎよ。いくら本当のことでも、ああいう言い方はよくないわ』 「わかってる。……ごめん」  わかっていたのだ。そうあってはいけないとみんなで決めて、それはそうやって言葉にされる前から自然と理解できていたことだったから、ずっとこれまで守ってきたのに。 86─エイティシックス─ 安里アサト Does the bold ...
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Use of させてくれる in this sentence [duplicate]

In this panel the character says: ありがとう バッグを完成させてくれて The bag in question was designed and made not by him, he just made requests about its characteristics, and the character he is speaking to ...
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3 votes
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The difference between ぐらい and ばかり

I want to know more about the difference between ぐらい and ばかり, and when either should be used. For example in the 2 sentences below. I think either of them can be used. 駅まで2時間ぐらいで着くと思います。 ...
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What do the のに and ったら mean here?

だってあたしがダメだったのに神谷が言ったらさ What do のに and ったら mean? Is のに like "even though" or "in order to" and ったら like "if" (that's what I thought about)? The other character asked to ...
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Repetition and meaning of なくも

I am currently reading 天気の子 by 新海誠。There is a passage which I can't figure out which uses the phrase なくも over and over. Other posts mention なく or も separately, but not together (that I've found). I ...
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Why are both 感心する and 感心させられる useable in Xに感心+V?

In the same dictionary (研究社), I found two examples that seem to say the thing. However, one uses する while the other, させられる。 あの子の勉強ぶりには感心する I'm very impressed by how this kid studies. いつもながら, ...
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What does this あれ mean?

In a manga there is a stern elf that is reprimanding his fellow adventurer for making fun of someone over drinks: 「その少年に謝罪することはあれ  酒の肴にする権利などない」 Note that there is a line break between the two halves, ...
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... のここが ... (adverb nominalization?)

I've been studying Japanese for years, but I still run into everyday language constructs that knock the wind out of me, and make me wonder if I slept through an entire week of Japanese class... I ...
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くれます nuances with 喜ぶ

What are the different nuances between these two sentences, due to ”くれる”? その絵を見て彼は喜んでくれます。 その絵を見て彼は喜んでいます。 Do both mean "By looking at this photo, He is pleased"?
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Why does 土曜日に予定があります sound off?

From this answer, While totally acceptable in everyday conversation, the following polite versions still don’t quite sound natural to me as standalone sentences. 土曜日に予定があります。 土曜日に予定がありません。 That (...
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Why is 大きく違い grammatically correct?

日本は南北に長い国なので、南と北では気候が大きく違い、… (From Tobira Gateway to Advanced Japanese, p.5.) I thought 大きく is an adverb, so it can only qualify a verb; but 違い is a noun. What's going on here?
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Parsing the sentence: アイシャのこともラトレイア家やミリス神聖国の学校で何かと比べられて、常に下に見られて劣等感に苛まれていたことから嫌っていた。

アイシャのこともラトレイア家やミリス神聖国の学校で何かと比べられて、常に下に見られて劣等感に苛まれていたことから嫌っていた。 How to combine the following components? アイシャのことも -> Also Aisha's things (?) ラトレイア家やミリス神聖国の学校で何かと比べられて、 -> and by being compared ...
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Why 朝に instead of just 朝? 「月曜日の朝にその本を読みました」

It's often said that relative time expressions don't take the time marker に, but why can I find sentences like these: 月曜日の朝にその本を読みました。 ジンジャーさんとスコットさんは、朝にシャワーを浴びてから、仕事に行く。 私たちは明日の朝にその家を出ます。 じゃ、...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Why not 東京で?「東京にいつ激しい地震があるか誰にもわからない」

I've come across this sentence in Jisho.org. In many English grammar books, it's said that で is used instead に when ある marks the location of an event, as in こんばんジムの家でパーティーがあります. Why is it に used here ...
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2 answers
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Parsing 土曜日に予定がない

土曜日に予定がない I don't think this に marks time because 予定がない is not something that happens. My closest guess is that it denotes 評価.
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エリスが去った理由を自分に愛想をつかしたと勘違いしたルーデウスは、失意のまま行方不明の家族を探す旅にでる。

エリスが去った理由を自分に愛想をつかしたと勘違いしたルーデウスは、失意のまま行方不明の家族を探す旅にでる。 How to combine the following components? エリスが去った理由 -> the reason that Erisu left 自分に愛想をつかしたと勘違いしたルーデウスは -> Rudeusu, who misunderstood and ...
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Word order for "Why do all German words sound the same?"

"Why do all German words sound the same?" What is the correct word order to say that? なぜドイツ語の単語はすべて同じに聞こえるのか? [Naze doitsugo no tango wa subete onaji ni kikoeru nodesu ka?] ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Comparison Japanese / Mandarin : postpositions

I saw a sentence that goes like this : 利用上の注意 In Chinese, we have similar constructions were a noun is followed by a postposition (although the exact syntactic category is debated), followed by a ...
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Parsing 朝ごはんにりんごを食べます

According to A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar, under the には entry, には can take a noun if it's a noun of action (third paragraph). には is に + は after all, so I assume that the same rule ...
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1 answer
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Do all verbs become Ichidan once in their Potential Form?

Question again from 君の名は manga: “夢だけでも、男の子になれたらなぁ” I'm unsure about my understanding of the verb conjugation.. is this the potential form of なる plus the conditional form ~たら.. ? Checking the rules to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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~のは at the end of the sentence. What does it mean?

I started reading 君の名は and this sentence came up: そんな気分になったのは。。 (1) what does the なった means here? Is it the past tense of the verb なる which means “to become”? What meaning does it have in this ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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課長 、明日の会議の企画書、見ていただけたでしょうか。

課長 、明日の会議の企画書、見ていただけたでしょうか。 Is 見ていただけた some sort of fixed usage or we can put it on other verbs as well? Also, is the translation something like "I wonder (you) were able to see it"?
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Is 6月 the subject in 6月は涼しい?

This webpage, under Specific Time, says that 6月 in 6月は涼しい is the subject of the sentence and thus does not take に, but that's like saying 日曜日は忙しい and ignoring the implied 私が. In the former case, that ...
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