Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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79 views

grammar of アンタに用事がある

アンタに少し用事があるからこの後付き合いなさい in context it is one person asking another to go somewhere with them. but with アンタに用事がある alone, what is it really saying? 用事 exists in you? thanks
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~くて on a verb? How do you indicate desire?

「右手【みぎて】で描【か】いた、今ここに避難所【ひなんじょ】はないんだ。息【いき】を吸【す】いこんだ。つまらない世界【せかい】壊【こわ】したくて。」 Translation: Drawn with my right hand, here, now, as for the shelter, there is none. I inhaled. The boring world wants to be ...
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いて use as a reason or something else

昨日は疲れていてテスト勉強ができませんでしたが、今日はできると思います。 In this sentence, is this いて after 疲れて explaining the reason? Why was he not able to study? Why can't we use から or ので?
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Clarification on 彼のほかに私たち皆が行った

I am studying sentences with my colleagues and this was one of the sentences we picked for the week: All of us went besides him. かれのほかにわたしたちみながいった。 彼のほかに私たち皆が行った。 After I consulted with a native ...
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125 views

Is 均等 a noun or adjective?

野菜をよく洗って、均等に切って、オーブンで焼きます。Is 均等 working here as a noun or adjective?
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66 views

気付けば/気がつけば and ば form

I found 気付けば/気がつけば translated "Before I knew it" in two occasions: 気がつけば茜色の雲のスクリーンに瞼の裏の暗幕にリフレインする 気付けばレベル9とかになっちまって I know ば as conditional, and I can't find in my grammars or on online ...
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に vs. を in “to pass a test”

Every time I'm feeling confident about the correct usage of に, を, and で, I get thrown for a loop. Could someone please explain to me the use of に in this sentence: I will study a lot and pass the ...
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224 views

Understanding and grammar meaning behind “やったことないしなー”

I'm reading a Japanese manga and I found this "maybe" slang sentence. A female character is asked to perform as actress in a school movie and her answer is: "えーー女優とか、やったことないしなー" My guess is "An ...
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112 views

そのものだ how is it translated?

So, I recently was reading something and I found the structure そのものだ, which at first glance it is not quite mean "that thing" as I thought, and the best explanation of it that I could find was in the "...
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Is this ~んだ form an explanation?

I know the んだ form is used to give and ask for explanations, but I'm not sure about its usage in this passage; context: a girl asked a boy how much he loves her, he answer and then starts explaining ...
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Differences between 場所 and どこの場所

In a short story the protagonist says this sentence: そして僕は突然、自分が知っている誰からも、自分が知っているどこの場所からも、信じられないくらい遠く隔てられ、引き離されているんだと感じる I was wondering: why 自分が知っている**どこの場所** instead of just 自分が知っている**場所**.
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115 views

は vs が in やすい-pattern

木が浮く。 [ki-ga uku] Literal translation: Wood floats. Meaning: wood is such a material, if to put it in water, it will stay on the top, it will not sink. Let's add ~やすい / ~にくい pattern (as ...
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Nominal connectors in embedded sentences: 名詞・形容動詞 +「である」「だという」「な」等 (+ こと) の使い分けについて

This is a general question about what to place after nominals when connecting them to constructs like こと. Lately I've realized I've either forgotten or never knew when I should be using だということ over ...
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101 views

Difference between using て form and dictionary form when requesting/instructing

These are all of the different ways I can think of (I might have missed some) of how to request something in Japanese in no real particular order: しろ して してくれる してくれ してくれて してください ...
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Why is it more suitable to use 「V辞書形 」 than 「N+の」 right before 「代わりに」 in the following sentence?

The sentence is from my textbook, where I'm asked to pick the correct or more suitable choice from inside [ ]: 最近[ 車の / 車を持つ ]代わりに、カーシェアリングを利用する人が多い。 According to the textbook, the correct (...
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What does かとか mean in this sentence?

血筋かとか言われたくなかったんでな. I've been watching some anime and came across this sentence and while i understand what it means i can't understand the (かとか)part.
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125 views

直前に adverb or not

デートを直前にキャンセルして、彼女をかんかんに怒らせてしまいました。 In this example is 直前に an adverb?
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~たる form of a verb [duplicate]

Context: a boy is always been a head shorter than a friend of his, and he always said: いつか、必ず抜いたるけんな which I think I can quite understand ("Someday, I'm sure I'll surpass him"), but not really, ...
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近所に as an adverb

近所に刑務所ができることになって、少し不安です. In this sentence is 近所に working as an adverb? Since 近所 could be a na-adjective
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Need help with the famous 11 second intercom audio from Mega Man Legends 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dJxBnRth-A&t=1m40s Need 日本語字幕 subtitles for this short 11 second announcement heard in the background. I've listened to this for over a decade, and could never ...
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に in 両親に行ったように反乱軍に跪いてみせた

彼はひとたまりもなくかつて両親に行ったように反乱軍に跪いてみせた。 no real context, only an example sentence for 跪く 反乱軍に跪く is more obvious, kneeling at/towards 反乱軍. 両親に行った I'm far less certain of. How should I look at this?
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usage of は and の as posesssives

sentence: 私の犬は目が青くて、耳がグレーです。 Why is it not 私の犬の目? I cant differentiate between は and の when used as possessives
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381 views

Verb ending in -ん with positive meaning?

I was watching an anime, and this is the context: prior to the series, the main character went in hiding after betraying her peers, since she was the only against a peace she deemed fake; while ...
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Can adverbs modify adjectives?

For instance: 昔の日本は身分の差が大きく厳しい上下関係があります。 Is 大きく modifying 厳しい? But the way I understand this sentence is in ancient Japan, there were large social divides and strict social hierarchy, which is in ...
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What is the difference in connotation between できれば and できたら?

Is できれば more polite? Is one more often used when describing favors? Also could you please provide some examples?
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2answers
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What is the correct question 何だろう or 何だろうか

How to ask a question with だろう in the correct way? Should I add か in the end? Like 何だろうか? I saw a lot of examples and almost always guys omit か in the end. And just say 何だろう;いつだろう。。。
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に in コントロールに苦しまなくなった

コントロールに苦しまなくなった野球系YouTuber You would want good control as a pitcher so, "to become not-suffering in control" or "attain good control" is the default way of reading this. but what exactly is コントロールに? ...
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Please help with a headline for today's news article about consumption tax

This morning (at least where I live) the top headline when I got up to look at the TBS news was as follows (source). Please correct my attempt if there is an error. 【現場から、】10%の暮らし、駄菓子の“おまけ”で苦肉の策 ...
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Meaning of らしたのじゃありません?

Prior to this sentence, Kawashima was talking about jumping from the school's roof with Obata-sensei; aftwerwards, another teacher is speaking with Obata, and says: 小幡先生はひょっとして、...
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Meaning of そうでもない

In this sentence: 神野{じんの}菜生子{なおこ}さして意外そうでもなくうなずいた I'm having some issue in understanding そうでもない, and according to how I read it it reverse the meaning of the sentence: as far as I understand, ...
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128 views

Help understanding だからこそ、という場合もある

I'm struggling to understand the sentence in the exchange below. To explain the context, these characters have been shipwrecked and landed on an unknown island. They find that several of their ...
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meaning of たりしてくれる

A young couple are cooking together and he mentions that this is special now but may become the usual in the distant future when they move in together someday and the like (こんな is referring to this ...
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What is the meaning of this passage?

I started reading a practice reading for N3 yesterday, and found this passage in a sentence that is very confusing 他人から見れば「どうしてそんなことを」というようなことをしてしまう親のことである。 If someone can help me I would really ...
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What does のか mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

In this sentence: ドアの音に驚いたのか、軽く上体がかしいだ a door opens, and there is a character, whose upper body is slightly bent forward, startled by the door's sound. I think の just nominalize ドアの音に驚いた, but I'm ...
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What is the の particle doing in this sentence when used after まで?

I have the following sentence from chapter 140 of the manga, 『五等分の花嫁』. 今の父と再婚するまでの私たちは極貧生活でした。 Context: One of the girls (of 5 siblings) is speaking with her male friend and she is discussing how ...
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Meaning of と in this sentence [duplicate]

In a short story I'm reading (or trying to) I found this sentence: 屋上の手すりから、ひらひらと風になびくタータンチェックのひだスカートと、そこからにょっきりと生えた二本の脚とが見えた I think the general meaning is the character saw from the rooftop's ...
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When should I use です instead of ます? [duplicate]

I'm just unsure of when to use them at the ending of a sentence. I know です is 'for politeness' and I never see です and ます together.
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139 views

Word order in 犬のホワイトチョコレート

Some time ago I was speaking with a Japanese teacher, and to say "A white chocolate dog" she said 犬のホワイトチョコレート; I asked, shouldn't it be ホワイトチョコレートの犬, since 犬のホワイトチョコレート sounded to me like "A white ...
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Help needed breaking down で + なんだっていう in this sentence

I have the following sentence from a manga, 「問題集作ったくらいでなんだっていうのよ。そんなの…いらないわ」, and I am not sure what 「でなんだっていう」 is doing here. I think I may be mainly thrown off by the 「で」 at the beginning. Context:...
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レポートを書かなければなりません。 [duplicate]

Please I need some help here. I am all in on learning to mimic how Japanese speak and write as well as learning proper grammar. Just knowing vocal and grammar will lead to unusual and unnatural speech,...
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558 views

What is the relationship between 友だち, 恋人, and 仲良し in this dialog?

I can't seem to figure out how this is supposed to be parsed. For context, two characters broke up and went back to being friends, and when they get back together again, one of them says this. (This ...
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1answer
80 views

What's the usage of で in this sentence: 日本はユーラシア大陸の東にある島国で国の70%は山です。

日本はユーラシア大陸の東にある島国で国の70%は山です。 I translated it as something like "Japan is an island country of east of the Eurasia continent and 70% of it is made of mountains."
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Is this ね like ない? [duplicate]

In a short story I'm trying to read I found this sentence, and the part in bold confused me: その時間内にやってしまわねばならない仕事が山積みだった I think it means "There was a lot of work I had to do in that time", but I'...
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Does ようやく mean “gradually”?

ようやく has the following definitions in romajidesu: (adv) finally; at last 「そっか」ウィリーはようやく納得した。 "Well, OK," Willie finally agreed. barely; narrowly; hardly; only just 9時20分の電車にようやく間に合った。 ...
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Is the sentence “何でも忘れた” correct?

If I want to say "I forgot everything about it," I would go for "全部/全て忘れた". But then I thought what about "何でも忘れた"? I know that 何でも is followed by positive predicate. But somehow this sentence sounds ...
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85 views

What is それ doing in this sentence

In reading exercise #3 of JLPT N3 読む guide, there's a sentence that contains それ and I don't understand why. 大好きなおもちゃが壊れてしまった子供にとっては、それを直してくれるおもちゃの専門家が、神様のように見えるようです。 Can someone explain to me why ...
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1answer
86 views

what is に's role in this sentence?

その巨大{きょだい}な学園{がくえん}は都会{とかい}のど真{ま}ん中{なか}の一等地{いっとうち}に聳{そび}えたっていた I can understand the meaning of this sentence but I can't comprehend what「に」is meaning in it.
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109 views

Passive ambiguity in this passage (「あなたに向けられる視線」・「殿下が判断された」)

A is a commoner right now. B is a high ranking commander. A ceremony just finished, involving A getting bestowed a role by the queen/殿下 as a reward for some good deeds. B was in the audience and was a ...
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84 views

Is として in this sentence adverbial?

I was trying to get a full understanding of this sentence's structure: 政府が学校の建設を計画しているが、遅々として進まないので、現地にあるNGO組織が学校づくりを支援している I know として as "As; In", like in 教師として, "as a teacher", but in this ...
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62 views

What's the meaning of という in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm going crazy over this, i would like to understand the meaning of という in this sentence and i can't find anywhere a specific answer: 昔の中国 では、珍しい貝殻がお金として使われていたということである。 I know the meaning of という ...