Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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5
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1answer
146 views

What is the difference between ながら and のに for expressing “despite”/“although”?

Both grammar points seem to express similar sentiments. But I had a practice question today which said 友だちは授業の教室が変わったと(  )、教えてくれませんでした。 with two choices being 知りながら and 知るのに. Both choices seem to ...
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1answer
55 views

What is the difference between しました and した

週末に何をしましたか。 Here what is the grammer of しましたか. Shouldn't it simply be したか, where した is the た format of する ?
3
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1answer
76 views

くせに when the subject is the first person?

I'm quite baffled by what a character in a manga says. I'll try to explain the context as best as I can so you can get the picture:There are 2 characters, A previously said (in the last chapter of the ...
3
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1answer
161 views

Contrastive は vs. が

This is an old and perhaps exhausted topic, but there's still something I don't get. I read these two questions and its best answers, but I don't understand why then あなたの目はきれいです implies ...
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62 views

たい form + としている

I found this construction, which I don't really understand, a couple of time, which make me asking myself if it's a set phrase or something: このスキー場は来月2日に2本のコースの営業を始め、...
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2answers
128 views

Meaning of なろうとなんだろうと

In a manga I found the following sentence: ボロボロになろうとなんだろうと自分で気づくしかない What does the なろうとなんだろうと means? The remaing part should mean something on the lines of "She must notice by himself [...] if she ...
5
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1answer
307 views

Meaning of これでもかという forms

Sorry to ask a vague question, but I hope someone could explain what these following expression amount to. これでもかって これでもかってほど これでもかってぐらいに I thought I would figure this out eventually but ...
2
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1answer
117 views

“I don't mind paying/watching/going”

I've seen a lot of posts with conditionals "if you don't mind... then" and such. But I was wondering how you would make a sentence with 'mind + gerundio'. I've seen the verb 'かまう' and 'きにする' but I ...
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0answers
145 views

Does this sentence make sense “タバコとっても大嫌いよ、タバコの香り特にな” [closed]

Im writing an essay about myself in Japanese to practice my grammar and such. And I want to know if this sentence sounds natural or not and whether Iam using "特に" "香り" and "な" correctly. And if it ...
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22 views

…がいい…のいい difference? [duplicate]

I have been stumbling upon phrases like 「頭のいい人」 「頭がいい人」 Or in relation to my other question 「都合の悪いところ」 「都合の悪いところ」 Are there any differences in meaning/nuance? And extending on 「のいい」while I am ...
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1answer
60 views

Can't understand the のための場所以上にpart

I've been reading some japanese and encountered this sentence: アメリカでは、犯罪人を収容する刑務所のための場所以上に犯罪人がいるのでいつも刑務所は定員オーバーの状態である I'm having trouble with the 「のための場所以上に」 and 「のでいつも」 parts.
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1answer
101 views

Does 語るでもなくて mean “Not worth speaking”?

In the opening of Violet Evergarden there is this verse: わたしなんで泣いているんだろう 心になんて答えたらいい? 言葉はいつでも語るでもなくて そこにあるばかりつのるばかり わたしはあなたに会いたくなる I'm having trouble understanding ...
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1answer
91 views

What is the meaning of ハードルガンガン?

I can't figure out the meaning of the following sentence found in a manga これアカンやつやぞ何か言わんとハードルガンガン上がってくやつやぞー! I'm having not only one, but several doubts in this sentence. Starting by ハードルガンガン, ...
4
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1answer
174 views

湿度 as “humidity” in general

I'm using materials I found on the Internet to learn grammar points. This source includes examples, which is really nice, but I reckon there are many mistakes - mostly typos, but sometimes worse. What ...
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0answers
102 views

nanimo vs nandemo (also daredemo/daremo) 誰でも 誰も 何でも 何も

何でも食べる 何も食べない "it is as much as something, eat." = if it's anything, i'll eat it/i eat it. "as much as something, not eat." = if it's anything, i will not/don't eat it. 何でもない = "it is as much as ...
2
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1answer
125 views

Can “genki desu ka” also mean “Am I well?”

I learnt that how are you is “genki” or “o genki des ka”, but there is no anata, so how do you know that that’s not “Am I well?”. In other words how do you distinguish 1., 2., and 3. person when no ...
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2answers
251 views

Is 私 in 私が我慢ならず object or subject?

I found this sentence: 食事の時しか顔を合わせることもなかったし、互いに口を開いて声を出すこともなかった。映画をよく見に行くぐらいのことしかしない高校生だったのだが、母から見れば俗世に気持を奪われている私が我慢ならず、たまに憤怒の言葉を投げつけてきたが、そうすると私は、十八になったらすぐに家を出て行くんだ、と母に言い返していた which is translated: ...
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1answer
174 views

Uncertainty of 自分 is is here

both the speaker and XXX are confident mysterious types, at the moment the reader isn't that informed about either character XXX provokes MC to do something shocking, XXXの顔が、強ばった状態から、恐怖へと変わる。 ...
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106 views

Need help understanding what 全体 is referring to in this context (NSFW)

You'll have to pardon the example as it is NSFW(I didn't see anything explicitly disallowing these types of questions). The context of the text below is that the main character is having sex with his ...
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2answers
201 views

Meaning and parsing of 伸びるままにまかせている

Since yesterday I'm struggling with this sentence: 六義園と言えば、そばに住むようになって三年ほど経ったその頃には、なかに入ってはじめて見ることができる庭園の手入れの行き届いた芝生の明るさよりも、塀際の、伸びるままにまかせている雑木の暗い木立しか、思い浮かべられなくなっていた I kinda get the first part, at ...
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1answer
79 views

するようにしてください vs. してください

市や町が避難の情報を出したら、できるだけ早く避難するようにしてください。 How is the construction するようにしてください different from してください? If we said "できるだけ早く避難してください," would it mean just the same thing?
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1answer
79 views

How do you say “I think X is Y”

I've been thinking of this for a while and I need a bit of a clarification. For example, if I want to say "I think he is a good person", would it be: a) 私は彼がいい人と思う   or b) 私は「彼はいい人」と思う Also, if it ...
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1answer
114 views

What does たがった mean in this sentence?

In a short story I'm reading, the protagonist is reminiscing about her past, and she thinks this: 翌年の四月に、私のすぐ上の兄が呆気なく肺炎で死んだ。その四月に、姉は大学に入った。自分だけ取り残されたくなくて、私は姉が楽しみだしたことを自分にも求めた。つまり、ジャズを聞いたり、映画を見たり、...
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1answer
69 views

What's the difference between 「か嫌いだとか」 and 「か嫌いだったり」

人を第一印象で好きだとか嫌いだとか言うのはやめなさい。 Can I say this like: 人を第一印象で好きだったり嫌いだったりと言うのはやめなさい。 What is the difference between these two sentences?
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1answer
167 views

Grammar of AはBにCとなる

既に教室でも例のナイフアクションを繰り広げており、クラスの連中にも俺とXXXとの事は周知の事実となっていた。 The speaker and XXX got in a fight on the first day of school. I could rewrite this as: 俺とXXXとの事 は クラスの連中 に(も) 周知の事実 となっていた。 Without really ...
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1answer
106 views

What's the meaning of ないでくれないかなあ?

I studied that when there is a verb in negative form plus かなあ it means "I desire that", like in: 早く始まらないかなあ。 But, I came across this sentence: "見ないでくれないかなあ", which apparently means "I don't want you ...
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1answer
131 views

How do you ask someone to '' please yobisute ''?

I just learned about the concept of yobisute. If someone calls me John San , and I want them to drop the honorific and just call me John how should I say this ? Would it be just ''Yobisute kudasai'' ...
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0answers
77 views

む archaic volitional? Translated as Imperative [duplicate]

While watching Konosuba I came across following sentence: 「我が真紅の流出もて 白き世界を覆さん」 What troubles me is the 「覆さん」. The translation used an imperative here, what fits most of the other spells in the ...
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1answer
402 views

Understanding censorship in the game “Vivid Army”

Recently I played a game which is call Vivid Army and there's a little conversation between me and this guy but I found that there's some word is censored. 7873 is me. As you can see I have written "...
5
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1answer
127 views

Confusion between 誰でも and 誰か

I was practicing and tried to write the following sentence in Japanese: Anyone playing games on PS4 or Switch? 誰でもPS4でゲームをやっていますか。スイッチでゲームをやっていますか。 A few minutes later my sentence was corrected to ...
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1answer
116 views

Can ''onamae'' be used in the middle of a sentence?

What is your name is usually given as: Onamae wa nan desu ka? or Anata no namae wa nan desu ka? My question is whether or not the following is ever used: Anata no onamae wa nan desu ka? I ...
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1answer
584 views

What exactly is this のでは?

Whenever I see のでは, I always think of のではないか. That's why I was left confused when I came across this sentence : 部品がないのでは大切なミシンだからといっても直そうにも直せないではありませんか. I understood the meaning of the sentence, but ...
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2answers
495 views

Uses of に思う in this statement

俺が疑問に思った一名の欠員について、皆も何かしら不審に思う点があるらしい。 For 疑問に思った does "〜に思うこと is equivalent to 〜に対して思うこと." apply? Or is it 疑問と思った? For 不審に思う, is it mandatory to read it as the adverbial of 不審, or do you interpret ...
4
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1answer
738 views

そう “seem” used for hearing

In a book someone hears a woman voice and says: 心配そうな、お母さんの声 As far as I know, そう(な) is to say something seems based on visual information, and my grammars agree with this: things like おいしそうなケーキ. ...
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2answers
311 views

相手には when speaking of “two third persons”

I want to clarify my understanding of 相手には in the following sentence... 「人見知りをしない相手には強気なところがあるよな」 It refers to a person that usually acts rather shy around others but scolded one of her ...
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1answer
63 views

石が足を取られて grammar

その石が足を取られて転ぶほど大きいのか、それとも裸足で踏んでも気にならないほど小さいのか Was the rock big enough to trip me up, or was it so small that i didn't notice it despite being barefoot. I don't have the context for this sentence, it ...
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1answer
46 views

Verb+Noun Combination // なる to “describe landscapes”

I stumbled upon following sentence: 至る所に水路が張り巡らされ青が際立つ街並みになっている。 I wanted to ask which grammatical construction lies behind 「張り巡らされ青」. The context it appears in is the description of a (fictional) ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Noun + に続いて + Verb phrase

I am struggling with the meaning of に続いて in the following sentence: 貞操に続いて今度は命を守り抜くために、この街を走り続ける羽目になった。 I know that the sentence carries a rather ironic meaning and that 貞操 is not used in a ...
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1answer
77 views

「に夢見る」 and translating 「こういうのドライ」

I found the picture below on Pinterest. The caption was 「松田+幼女に夢見てる漫画」. I don't understand the use of the に particle. I had already seen it used in the structure 「person + に夢見てる」 before. I'm not ...
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2answers
319 views

だけ between two verbs / second verb performing an action on だけ construction

I am having trouble understanding following sentence: 不満を吐き出すだけ吐き出せば、スッキリするだろう。 It is taken from a novel and in this particular scene the characters are complaining about how horrible their trip ...
4
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2answers
457 views

出かけることにしました - What is the meaning of this?

So I'm reading this sentence: 私は押し入れの奥から、夏の洋服を出して、かばんにいっぱい入れて出かけることにしました。 Basically I understand this sentence as: Out of the clothes in the closet, I took the Western-style summer clothes out, ...
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0answers
86 views

Who's afraid in 私が怖い? [duplicate]

In an anime I heard this sentence: どうして私と戦おうとしないの?私が怖いの? which is translated as "Why don't you want to fight me? Are you scared of me?". I'm not sure why が is used here: I found that 私は怖い means "I'...
4
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0answers
87 views

Using 「に」, 「にとって」 and 「に対して」 with adjectives

I read these two questions but I still don't understand the relation between the use of the 「に」 particle with adjectives and other structures such as 「にとって」 and 「に対して」. On the first link, Axioplaseさん ...
6
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1answer
124 views

Is V2 + ころ / ごろ a pattern or not

Xは食べごろだ。 Time to eat X. X is ready to be eaten. Question: Can -koro/-goro be used as a general pattern by adding to masu-stem of the verb to produce meaning, that it is time to do this? For ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

What is the difference between ~のがすきです & ~がすきです?

They both mean to like the subject/topic, right? I'm trying to figure out what のが actually means/adds to the sentence and when it is appropriate to put it in a sentence or leave it out. I have been ...
4
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0answers
72 views

What's the difference between ないことはない and ないこともない? [duplicate]

I found these two grammatical forms, ないことはない and ないこともない. To me they seem really similar both in usage and meaning, am I missing something? If somebody could give me some examples too, it would be ...
7
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1answer
181 views

「知るか」 and variant phrases

I didn't find any questions about this, except for this one, but it's not really the same thing. I've seen the phrase 「知るか」 a few times in anime and manga before and I've always interpreted it as "as ...
3
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2answers
467 views

Noun or adjectives starting with 不 [closed]

Can anyone provide the full list of noun or adjectives which starts with 不.for eg. 不可能. As it is more convenient and better way to write in Japanese rather than to mention its negative form
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1answer
126 views

使用して and 使って difference

what is the difference between these two terms.The actual use of them ? for eg. are トランジスタを使用して and トランジスタを使って same ?
2
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1answer
133 views

what does と and other kanjis stand for in this sentence?

I was reading an article and learning new kanji. However, I am having hard time determining some grammatical structures and kanji from this sentence: 有坂銃{ありさかじゅう}とは、大日本帝國のボルトアクション方式の軍制式小銃の系列であり、...