Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Use cases of particle の

I know that の shows possession, but I've also seen translations such as "Frog on stairs" from 「階段の蛙」 to say "on" or "at" When is it actually used, and what other ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Why is た form used instead of る form here? [duplicate]

するとその横で、耶倶矢がむうとうなる。 「ふん、本条蒼二が女だったとはな……我が目をたばかるとはなかなかやりよる」 「あ、耶倶矢も知ってたのか?」 士道が問うと、耶倶矢はこくりと首を前に倒してきた。 「当然だ。颶風の御子は大衆の娯楽にも通じておるわ」 耶倶矢 previously thought 本条蒼二 was male and just realized 本条蒼二 was female. ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Help with understanding third sentence

In the below I am unsure of my understanding of the third sentence. 「実は、うちのチーム、エースのアタッカーとセッターがうまくいってないんだよねぇ」 To tell the truth, our team's ace attacker and setter aren't getting along well. 「...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

what does させてもらう really mean?

Before asking this question, I've done a good amount of research. I learned that させてもらう conveys the nuance of "allow me to do" or "I'll have you let me do X" or "I'll take the ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

What exactly can が specify? I've provided 魚が食べる for sake of example

Could 魚が食べる change in context? Marking 魚 with を would grammatically make 魚 the object of the action such that it would mean "Fish are eaten"; if 魚 is marked with が, 魚が食べる would mean "...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Meaning of もはや本気すぎて逆にカワイイって言えなくなるアレだ

I'm looking for some help understanding the second line in the below. The context is that Person 1 is showing pictures of girls to his friend, Person 2, who has just transferred to the school. Person ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Meaning of 盛り上げるんだよ気分を

I'm looking for help with the two phrases in bold below. From what I understand his friend wants him to bring his girl friend to the party but she doesn't want to go because she is shy. 「...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

たった position in this sentence

I’m struggling to understand all the parts in this sentence and why each of them are there. それから二、三年たったある日のことです。 I know what it means in English, but this is really hard to understand as a beginner. ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Usage of the に particle in this sentence

The sentence reads 俺は派手にハッキリと命の順序を決めている I understand the sentence as meaning "I'll establish a clear gaudy life priority" however I am confused as the the exact role に is playing. I would ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

What does this causative sentence mean? Phrase using 「やらせてもらう」

I found this sentence in a manga that I fine quite difficult to understand. "君が言ってたことをそのまま俺もやらせてもらうよ" Does this sentence mean " I let you do the thing that you have said" ? Also, ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Does に go before or after こそ

I know that for emphasis, the construction is N + こそ, such as この本こそ私が探していた本です。 I also looked up examples that has に before こそ, such as ここにこそ真の人生があった。 I'd like to know which of the following is/are ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What's the difference between としたところで and にしたところで and how to use it in a “positive” way

「A に/としたところで B」 is really confusing me. According to my textbook the difference seems to be that にしたところで is used with nouns while everything else takes としたところで。 According to this website, however, ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Why is the particle の placed after a noun and before ために

I am learning how to use the form ために and found many examples were the particle の is inserted just before it. I don't understand why. 今度の面接のために、このスーツを買いました。 'I bought this suit for my upcoming ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Understanding the pattern 「名詞1+っての+名詞2」

「やー……あたしもねえ、狙われたままの生活っての窮屈だし、封印できるもんならしてもらって構わなかったんだけど……やっぱ駄目っぽいわ。なんかごめんね、無駄足踏ませちゃって」 Source: https://syosetu.org/novel/9452/63.html I am familiar with the grammar pattern 「名詞1+という+名詞2」. But this っての/...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

How to ask “What is your opinion on X thing/X person?”

As the title says. How do you ask for someone's opinion on something in Japanese? My Japanese tutor says than an easy way to do this can be 「Xはどうですか?」 thus saying "How about X," but I ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Meaning of 苦労を掛けるね

I was watching the recently released episode of 無職転生 and one of the lines was translated in a way that was the opposite of what I thought it meant. 苦労を掛けるね (the protagonist's thoughts) was translated ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Understanding だった的なアレ

「でも、人間ご飯食べなかったり寝なかったりすると死んじゃうけど、どんだけセックスしなくても死なないんだよね。不思議だね性欲。確かに子孫残すのには必要だけど、なんか『三大』ってカテゴライズに入ってるの違和感ない?四天王最強の男は実は無能者だった的なアレじゃない?」(source) I know 的 is usually used after a noun and turn the noun ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

What are the differences between the usage of は and では in negative sentences?

I understand that in a sentence such as わざわざあなたが行くことはありません。誰かに行かせます。 the general meaning of ~ことはない is that there is no need to do something. But why would it be wrong to say ではない ? Is there a ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Function of なんて in this sentence? [duplicate]

The following excerpt is from a scene from Sword Art Online, where Kirito and Asuna are discussing whether or not the killer they are pursuing is a ghost or not. Asuna seems to think it is, but Kirito ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

When to use 結構 (けっこう)vs なかなか vs かなり?

From what I understand, all three mean "rather", "quite", or "somewhat". When should I use each one?
1
vote
0answers
49 views

How to say, “I made/wrote this based off _____”?

To clarify, using "based off" in a way that's citing inspiration for a creation (vs. backing something up with a fact). I found にもとづいて, but I'm not sure if it's the most natural choice for ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Difference between じゃん and でしょ

"美味しいじゃん?" and "美味しいでしょう?" No matter how I translate it in English it still means "it’s delicious, right?" So what’s the main difference between them both? (I do know ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

Adverbializers of adjectives in Japanese (に, く, と)

I went upon some adverbializers that turn the adjective they follow into an adverb, but don't figure out if there is any rule, such as whether one particular particle (e.g. と, に) is used with one ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the meaning of いて in this sentence?

I understand that いて is the て form of いる but I'm not 100% sure what exact purpose it serves in the following sentence: "こんな私でも奥さんにしてくれる人がいて...今本当に幸せなの" Any help would be much appreciated.
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Understanding「把握できればだ」

From: No Game No Life (Anime) ep1 06:33. Context: The main character is explaining the difficulty of Chess. 無量大数以上の局面をすべて把握できればだ I've never seen this ればだ construction before. Can somebody explain ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

けど・が with “conjugated” adjective

I came across this example about "けど": 野菜{やさい}は好{す}きじゃないだけど体{からだ}にいいから食{た}べる。 This example feels wrong to me because the "だ" before "けど" doesn't have to be there; ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

What's the natural way to say “I have X”

I'm wondering what's the natural way to say "I have X" in Japanese where X is an inanimate object? Can I say「僕は、Xを持っている。」or「僕には、Xがある。」? Also, is it weird to use には in the second sentence? Is ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Usage of 誰でも and 誰にも

I was recently corrected from using 誰でも→誰にも in this sentence: それは決して否定できないことであって、(誰にも〇・誰でも?)分かる自明の理。 What's the difference between the two? This HiNative post says that 誰でも is usually used for ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Grammatically, how does「である」work? [duplicate]

In「である」、my previous understanding was that the「で」functions the same way as the "method/means" particle「で」by making everything that came before it attached to「で」and that「ある」is just regular「ある」...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Grammar behind 「…だって知ってんだ」?

From: No Game No Life (Anime) ep.1 timestamp 05:47 Context: Someone sent the main characters an anonymous email and addressed them as siblings. This is their reaction: なんで俺ら「空白」が兄妹{きょうだい}だって知ってんだ? I ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

さも usage/construction with か

姉は知らないことも、さも知っているかのように話す I came across さも for the first time recently: it is supposedly an adverbial usage, meaning 'as if' or 'in that way'. However, in the sentence above I'm not sure what the か is ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Understanding やったろうじゃねえか [duplicate]

From No Game No life (Anime) Context: this gamer guy is pretty pissed that his sister is falling asleep and afraid that he's gonna die in the game, but then she falls asleep, and gets hyped/irritated ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

「~にわたって」の使い方を説明してくれる方がいますか?

「~にわたって」を使う問題をやってみましたがなぜかほとんど間違えました。なぜ間違えたのか説明してくれませんか?教科書の写真(黄色い丸は僕が選んだ選択肢です)
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Is はの even possible?

I found this sentence on jisho.org: 税制改革はの圧力が高まっている The pressure for tax reform is growing. And I'm wondering if this is a typo. Having both は and の together somehow sounds a bit odd to me. I would ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

When is「泣かない」used to mean 「泣かないで」? [duplicate]

『あなたの番です』第12話 has a scene where 黒島沙和, female in her early 20s, comforts 榎本総一, a 14 year old boy. 黒島「猫...それ...」 榎本「動かないんです。病院、知りませんか?」 黒島「でも...もう死んじゃってるんじゃないかな...」 榎本は泣いてしまう。 黒島「泣かない!泣かない!」 It is ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Could you explain to me the meaning and grammar of this sentence?

The sentence is: 今回もそうなるのではないかと心配している。 I know the words but I don't quite get the meaning. This is the whole writing: 今日、兄が新しい自転車を買った。問題は、住んでいるところが少し治安が悪くて、盗まれるかもしれないことだ。前にも、兄は自転車を買ったことあるが、...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Difference between using は and を in 遊びでも手は抜かない

全員この場で野々村の宣戦布告を受け取る。 We all accept Nonomura's declaration of war. たとえ遊びでも手は抜かない。 Even if it's just for fun, we will go all out. How would these lines have read differently if it said たとえ遊びでも手を抜かない. ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Difference between なかなかに and なかなか

この変わり身の速さと無節操っぷりは毎年のことであったが、改めて考えると興味深い現象のかもしれない。何しろ、つい先日まで諸人こぞりてきよしこの夜していた人々が、今やもういくつ寝るお正月状態なのである。お祭りごととなれば宗教国籍関係ない日本人ではあるけれど、ここまで大きなイベントが約一週間しか間を置かず連続するというのも、なかなかに慌ただしい話ではあった。師も走らねばならないはずである。 I ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Understanding ようになっている in this context

今月の初旬。士道と精霊たちとの間にある経路が狭窄してしまい、霊力の循環が阻害されたことにより、士道は霊力を暴走させてしまっていたのである。 皆のおかげでどうにか事なきを得たものの、その一件以来、琴里は今まで以上に士道の身体に気を配るようになっていたのだ。 My grammar book says 「ようになっている」 means “something is designed to have a ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Could explain to me the grammar of this sentence? ~てになる

「なんで この時は、食べてになるのに、待ってになるんですか? 」みたいな、 What does verb in て form + になる mean here?
1
vote
0answers
57 views

そうとして structure meaning [duplicate]

そして、 いま時代は大きく動きだそうとしていた And now the time was about to/was going to change dramatically. It's from Naruto. Kakashi is explaining how the Naruto universe works. I'm not sure what として does here. Is it ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Use わけで at the end of a sentence [duplicate]

「しかし、そうはいっても少し寂しくはありますな。やはり男たる者、空飛ぶ機動戦艦で任務をこなすという矜恃に勝るものはないわけで!<フラクシナス>には一刻も早く戦線復帰してもらいたいものでござりますな!」 I have simple question. I know the わけで is used to explain some reason. But why not use わけだ? ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

~に~ある , unusual usage of に?

From the anime ノーゲーム・ノーライフ Context: internet rumors and urban legends are being discussed あまたの都市伝説の1つにこんな話があるのを聞いたことはあるだろうか My interpretation: あまたの都市伝説の1つ = "one of many urban legends" ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Understanding ことになっている

この施設の出入口は、天宮市の一角に建った雑居ビルの中にあるため、比較的気軽に外に出ることが可能なのである。 まあ、無論一般市民に<ラタトスク>のことを知られるわけにはいかないため、そのビルの中には適当な会社が入っていることになっているし、中津川たちも今は<ラタトスク>の制服ではなく、会社員然としたビジネススーツの上にコートを羽織り、ついでに首から社員証を下げていた。...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Is the sentence correct? [duplicate]

I want to say a phrase “I have learnt a lot of words by heart”. Is it correct to say: 単語をたくさん習いました。 I mean is it the way native speaker would say it?
1
vote
1answer
59 views

この vs その when referring to the previous sentence?

My textbook states that sometimes, both この and その can be used to refer to the previous sentence. Some examples: 先週木村さんという人に会った。{この、その}人は大学の先生だ。 私は子供の頃、よく近くの広場で遊んだ。しかし、{この、その}場所はもうない。 アメリカで新しい薬が開発された。{...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

What is 已然形? I know its classic Japanese but that's as far as I got

Can someone explain to me what 已然形 is? I've seen it brought up being related the hypothetical form like 已然形+ ば but I just can't figure out what it was for. I know its related to classical Japanese but ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

replacing よう with みたい

Is it always possible to replace よう with みたい? For example in this sentence: 思うようにはいかないものだ。 Would 思うみたいにはいかないものだ 。 work as well? I've read many times that these two can be interchangeable, but it ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

How to say that you need to do something?

What's the best way to say that someone needs to do something, as in "5 English slangs you need to know"? I found some ways 知る必要があるの5つ英語のスラング。知らないといけないの5つ英語のスラング。知るべきの5つ英語のスラング。 Which is ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Meaning of 去年の春もお願いしたことで

西村大臣は「できるだけ出かけないようにしてください。そして、会社に行く人をいつもより70%少なくしてください。去年の春もお願いしたことで、緊急事態宣言を早くやめるためです」と言っています。 Minister Nishimura said "Please don't go out if possible, and please reduce the number of people ...