Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Confused about っていうのが and っていうのも

So far, my understanding is that these two expressions are a contracted form of というのは, whose common application is to explain the meaning of something. In a JLPT listening video, I heard this: M: ...
statsnoobj101's user avatar
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What is the meaning of たくない ?

食べない is I don't eat, 食べたくない is I don't want to eat. So, たくない is don't want to where たく is the 連用形/Conjunctive of たい (the desire) + ない? Is this correct?
KK118's user avatar
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What’s the difference between のは and こと? [duplicate]

I have been very confused lately between these two and not knowing when to use each😭I know that both nominalise a verb but that’s as far as it gets!
レイー's user avatar
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Looking for correction on my sentences made using the ます conjugation! [closed]

田中さんは言いません。Tanaka didn't say anything. 田中さんは私を語ません。Tanaka doesn't speak of me. 明さんは笑いました。 Akira laughed. 明さんは家を作ました。 Akira built a house. 中校に学びませんでした。 I didn't learn in middle school. 田中さんは明さんが見ませんでした。...
Eden's user avatar
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Use of ではないか in narrative text that is not obviously a rhetorical question

Hermione is showing Ron how to levitate a feather (from Japanese translation of Harry Potter): すると、羽は机を離れ、頭上ー・二メートルぐらいの所に浮いたではないか。 (Hermione recited the spell) and then, the feather left the desk and ...
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Action in Front of 2 Nouns

頭を抱えるわたしとフランの前で、ギルがルッツに向かって吠えた。 Are both characters doing the action of 頭を抱える (わたし and フラン), or is it just わたし? I've been told that it's ambiguous / based on context. Does an action like this normally ...
shawntarou's user avatar
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Unclear ~れる/られる usage

I came across this sentence: 私を人質に取られて I'm parsing this as "I was taken prisoner" but I'm not quite sure about the grammar behind that を, it's the first time I'm seeing something like that....
Barcia's user avatar
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interpretation of “〜かもしれないけど”

I often see this phrase and I'm never too sure about the specific range of interpretations. In particular the literal translation would be “may ..., but ...” but I feel this is an idiom in English ...
Zorf's user avatar
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Can なくす be written as 亡くす here?

Would it be wrong to use 亡くす in the following sentence? (The wwwjdic lists 亡くす as a transitive verb.) 去年【きょねん】とても多【おお】かった熊【くま】の被害【ひがい】 どうやってなくすか国【くに】も考【かんが】える The number of bear attacks was very high ...
Ned Reif's user avatar
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Usage of ことは/のは and 時々/ たり form

「ペットがいない方が楽だけど、時々犬が飼いたくなります」 "Having no pets is easier, but I sometimes want to have a dog" My questions are: can you use the たり form in this sentence to mean "I sometimes want a dog&...
Dee's user avatar
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Difference between the verbs used in the main clause of 間 and 間に

I saw these two sentences in a Youtube video- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行きました。 私は冬休みの間に韓国へ行きました。 Shouldn't the first sentence be- 私は冬休みの間韓国へ行っていました。 My question is that shouldn't we use ています form of verbs with 間?( to ...
Ananya's user avatar
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Understanding この足場のやつにしろお互い六道仙人の力の恩恵だ

Here is an excerpt from Naruto chapter 681. I have trouble with this sentence この足場のやつにしろお互い六道仙人の力の恩恵だ. First, I am not sure if this にしろ means にしても or is an imperative form for にする. I suspect the ...
John Davies's user avatar
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How to interpret 〜がデザインしてある

In this NHK News Web Easy article, I'm having trouble understanding the sentence 新しい1万円のお札には、「近代日本の経済の父」と呼ばれている渋沢栄一がデザインしてあります。 Specifically, my (incorrect) attempt would be "The new 10,000¥ ...
Joshua Grosso's user avatar
3 votes
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Why is there a と in this sentence?

The following sentence is from the book コンビニ人間: 家族はだんだんと不安になったようだ。 My question is: what is the role of と here? How would the meaning change if this と were omitted? I can't seem to find any grammar ...
Lee's user avatar
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"私の彼女はチリ人で、 学生ビザを使って日本に来ています。" - Why is this "she CAME to Japan" and not "is coming..."?

This is only my second question here. My level is somewhere in the N5 region. My question is this: 私の彼女はチリ人で、 学生ビザを使って日本に来ています。 Both Deepl and the Japanese guy whose podcast this is taken from ...
Richard's user avatar
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Usage of まま when not describing persistence of state

Harry is flying his new broomstick (the Nimbus 2000): ニンバス2000はちょっと触れるだけで、ハリーの思いのままに飛んだ。 The Nimbus 2000, with only a slight touch, flew in accordance with Harry's thoughts. I'm familiar with the ...
user3856370's user avatar
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Understanding ほどに vs. ほど

Context: Speaker is devising means to butter up/get closer to employer who requests them to find certain items on a mission and thus pass a test. 「この距離を限りなくゼロにする。 相手が気を許し秘密の共有をも求めて来るほどに 必ず探し出す」 "...
whatyouexpect's user avatar
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あなたにも as a response to someone's best wishes

I recently saw an exchange between two non-native speakers where one wished the other a happy new year, and the other replied with あなたにも (literally, "and to you"). Putting aside whether the ...
user3856370's user avatar
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Help parsing a specific sentence

The following sentence, along with its translation, is from the Dictionary of Japanese Grammar (intermediate). 吉田さんは日本人だ。しかも、小説家だ。だからと言って、日本語が教えられるとは限らない。 (Ms. Yoshida is Japanese. And she is a ...
Lee's user avatar
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What noun is の standing in for here?

Listening to podcast about traveling, and host brings up benefits of travel such as: どういう生活をしていたのかっていうのを見ることができました “I was able to see what kind of life they were living”. What does the というの add here? ...
whatyouexpect's user avatar
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ことがある vs. ものだ when talking about the past

Small doubt about this phrase from Bunpro: 子供のころ、この喫茶店に行ったことがある。あの時のドーナツは、何とうまかったことか。 Wouldn't it feel better as: 子供のころ、この喫茶店に来たものだ。あの時のドーナツは、何とうまかったことか。 Just my two cents, the whole idea of "...
Ferpalaciosd's user avatar
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Does また来なくちゃ mean "I have to come again" or "I must not not come again"?

So, does it suggest that I did not come last time or does it suggest that I did come last time?
Celestial Dragon's user avatar
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Vて+くっから meaning? [3-gatsu no lion episode 1]

I'm confused specifically about what it means, whether it's a dialect-specific thing / commonly used, and when to use it. Here are the sentences I am confused about and their translations from the ...
Junipurr's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
102 views

Understanding 一組別の模様が浮かぶデック

From Kakegurui manga ch. 2, Yumeko was challenged a game by a student council member. To summarize, the game she was challenged in is a concentration game that involves two sets of standard deck of 54 ...
John Davies's user avatar
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1 answer
137 views

Meaning of といって

I came across this example sentence and was wondering whether it's grammatically correct and if it is, how the といって functions as a grammar point in this sentence. There's another related question on ...
maogenc's user avatar
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Meaning of かけにかけ続けて

とにかくあの怪獣犬から少しでも遠くに離れたい一心だ。かけにかけ続けて、やっと七階の太ったレディの肖像画までたどり着いた。 Anyway, they wanted to get as far away as they could from the monster dog. ???? and finally made it to the portrait of the fat lady on the ...
user3856370's user avatar
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Does the second half of a というのは sentence need to end with a noun or い-adjective?

I was reading a forum post and saw a comment replying to someone who said they chose not to curse/chew out people online. Their response was saying that it's not a physically dangerous thing to do, ...
whatyouexpect's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to make the “〜でも” form of normal verbs and i-adjectives?

There's something that irks me. The particle “〜でも” can be inserted after many parts of speech such as: 駅にでも行った? In this sense it occupies much the same grammatical place as “〜は” or “〜も" in that ...
Zorf's user avatar
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~ている + ~てしまう ordering

How do I combine the ~ている and ~てしまう verb conjugations together? Which of them should come first? For example, I want to add ~てしまう conjugation to 間違えていた。Should this be 間違えていてしまった or 間違えてしまっていた? Or if ...
octosquakk's user avatar
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1 answer
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I am confused with the purpose of じゃない in this use case

I have heard a native say this sentence about an event: 私的にすごい盛り上がって、すごい楽しいイベントになったんじゃないかと思います。 I know it's supposed to mean something like: Oh the event became good.
Micheal's user avatar
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Help Parsing a Sentence: 時, たり, とか, and しながら Confusion

周りから、ってか自分以外の目線で見た時のコメントも欲しいので、ちょいちょいママとか友達に見せてもらったりとかしながら。 Here's the youtube video I got it from: https://youtu.be/k-jyUxatOrs?si=mw7zAUOaDUXNJ12f&t=1041 I can tell she's showing something to ...
charlemagne 's user avatar
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1 answer
165 views

Why the de particle and not ni here?

駅で掃除ロボットがある wouldnt it make sense to use "ni" here since there is no action taking place?
First Name Last Name's user avatar
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1 answer
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N1 を N2 に見る structure

四畳半神話大系 EP6, I encountered this sentence: 「ラブドールを性欲処理の道具にしか見ていない輩には分からないだろうが これは高尚な趣味である。」 In which the protagonist is introducing a love doll he has been engaging with romantically for some time. I ...
Siena's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the meaning/ usage of か?

I'm a bit confused about the usage of か. I was taught that it means "or" or "whether", so why is this sentence (どの車にするか迷っています) translated as "I was undecided which car to ...
Dee's user avatar
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Random Use of 一つ in お握りはどこかしら

I am looking at the lyrics of お握りはどこかしら to help with Japanese recognition; the song is fast, but by deciphering the lyrics I can better recognize what is being said and keep up with the lyrics. Thus ...
BigRigz's user avatar
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What does というだけのこと mean here?

I'm reading a novel and this line came up. 幸いにして今は虐められていないが、 それは、 クラスに私よりも虐められている子がいてくれるからというだけのこと。 The context is that the narrator used to be bullied in class, but now that a new student has ...
hulapoll1's user avatar
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1 answer
144 views

What's the actual meaning behind かつて生きた最後の夏/最初で最後の一日だ and how to translate it?

This is my first ever question to this site and I'm still a beginner in Japanese, so forgive me if there's any mistakes: So, I have been trying to translate this comic as a sort of practice for ...
Jonathan's user avatar
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1 answer
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what's the meaning of "心の中だけで笑わない"?

I have seen this sentence in a japanese tv show. I think it should mean:“only in your heart, you don't laugh.” But the right explanation is, “Don't just laugh in your heart ” (by the way it tells ...
千石旬介's user avatar
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1 answer
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海が油まみれにになってしまった and 海の鳥たちが油まみれになってしまった

タンカーの事故で油が流れ出して、(A)海が油まみれになってしまった。 タンカーの事故で油が流れ出して、(B)海の鳥たちが油まみれになってしまった。 The answer is (B). Why is (A) not usable too ? I saw this sentence “ 美しいビーチやダイビングスポットが油まみれになっている。” ビーチ and ダイビングスポット can be ...
Kyuu's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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Can I use a double て form?

If I said "ポーランドに住んでいて、学生です。" would that be correct? I'm a beginner and I'm not sure if "sunde ite" sounds right to me
Vertic's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How to use the addition particle も on a whole sentence?

A: 先週の試験で一人だけ悪い成績だったのは、Cさんだそうだ。On last week's exam, (I heard) only one person had bad results: Mr.C. B: そうか。Cさんといえば、彼女と別れたらしい。Really. Talking about Mr.C, (I heard he) broke up with (his) girlfriend. B:...
82474070449770901951's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Use of te-form before なる [duplicate]

今こそマルフォイを一対一でやっつけるまたとないチャンスだ。逃してなるものか。 This was a unique chance to beat Malfoy one-on-one. How could he miss it. I don't understand the purpose of なる in 逃してなるものか. How is it different from 逃すものか? I ...
user3856370's user avatar
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When do you add の after a country name? [duplicate]

For example, why is it アメリカの映画 for American movie and フランス料理 for French food?
language01's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
285 views

Meaning of さもあろう

In Mushibugyou there is this sentence: 実物の蟲もさもあろうというリアルな夢だな The speaking character sees a giant mosquito (giant insects are common in the setting), thinks to be in a dream, and that he says that ...
Mauro's user avatar
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what does に mean in this sentance? [duplicate]

相変わらずだな赤神のヤツ. マジで女に興味ないんかアイツ?
jake jim's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
107 views

Why use 耳元 rather than just 耳?

下で見ている人の悲鳴と交じり合って、風が耳元でヒューヒュー鳴った ... The wind whistled in his ears, mingled with the screams of the people watching below ... Would this sentence be weird if 耳元 was replaced with 耳? I'm trying to ...
user3856370's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
361 views

What is the で part in ではありません?

Ok, this might be more complicated or less complicated than I'm making it out to be but I'm assuming this question will be made up of two unrelated components but I can't figure it out so I'm shooting ...
Ethir's user avatar
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1 answer
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Reporting on the emotions of another person in a relative clause?

I just yet made the sentence: その場所の日本人はさすがに外国人が日本語を学ぶのを手伝いたがる人なんだ。 I used “〜たがる” instead of “〜たい” on the rule that “〜たい” can only be used to ask, conditionals, or in cases where one can report with ...
Zorf's user avatar
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Meaning of やって in 方法をやって見せ

次にマダム・フーチは箒の端から滑り落ちないように箒にまたがる方法をやって見せ、... Next Madam Hooch showed them how to straddle the broom so they didn't slide off the end, ... I don't understand what やって is doing in this sentence. Not sure ...
user3856370's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
96 views

なるのではないか/なるのではないだろう meaning

もっと人間関係を大切にすれば、100年前と同じような心豊か生活が送れるように _______ と思う。 なるのではないか なるのではないかな なるのではないだろう なるのでないでしょう 1 is the correct anwser but I can't figure out why. I guess 4 is incorrect because it uses the です form. ...
Bronwyn Young's user avatar