Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
139 views

Research on かのように, and other よう constructs

I wanted to learn more about よう constructs, in particular the かのよう(な)(に) and かのようだ constructs, so I did some research. The following is what I've found so far. よう - a noun that can turn into a ...
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Is the pattern V + に行く used with -する verbs?

Is it natural to say, for example 散歩しに行く? Or would you rather say 散歩に行く? If both are acceptable, is there any difference in meaning or usage? よろしくお願いします。
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Difference between 行きます and 来ます in this context [duplicate]

I was messaging my friend telling her I'll meet her at the library and I said もうすぐ、私は図書館に来ます。 (I'll come to the library soon.) She corrected me saying 図書館に行きます not '来ます'. Why 行きます? I'll 'go' ...
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Usage of に in たくさん人参を食べると、きれいになります。 [closed]

Is this right: たくさん[人参]{にんじん}を[食]{た}べると、きれいになります。 Was に used correctly? The example sentence I saw was: たくさんピザを食べると、おおきくなりますが、いつもスポーツをすることが好きです。 Thank you!
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Which categories of verbs (transitive, atelic, etc) can you use with ~そう (seems to; appears)?

I've just studied そう (as in: seems like; about to) in class and I wanted to know why you can use some verbs and not others. For instance, 雨が{あめが}降りそう{ふりそう} works out semantically and grammatically, ...
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This use of 以前に

Context: two guys are talking about a fictional futuristic sport, which is basically athelets racing each other in some huge mecha suits. One of the guys seems interested about becoming a racer in ...
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Most natural way to use the negative with つもり

Which is more natural to say in Japanese? Do they have slightly different connotations? 食べないつもりです。 (I intend not to eat.) 食べるつもりはないです。 (I do not intend to eat.) Also, are those translations fairly ...
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1answer
53 views

Why is で used in this sentence 両方セットで差し上げます?

So I'm reading a manga and this girl is giving a guy two pieces of paper. She says "正直者ですね。両方セットで差し上げます。” I would think that a を particle would be used here since the set of papers is an object. "I ...
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ところ+particle(助詞) precision

Hy, I am currently working on with 新完成マスター N3 for my grammar part and I get stuck on a small section of the lesson related to ところ(~p.17)。 So far, I understand that, according to this lesson, ところ can ...
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121 views

Why is the る left off すぎる in this sentence?

Here is my sentence. おしろ あんたが頼みすぎなんだよ。 First, I'm not sure what おしろ means, perhaps somewhat could inform me since Jisho and google translate are both giving results that I don't think are correct....
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When to omit だ when answering questions?

Maybe this is a stupid question, but in Minna no Nihongo it says to omit だ when giving a positive answer to a question. Question: こんばんひま? Answer: うん、ひま。 But it is not explained if one can omit だ ...
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もう + た-form AND た-form + こと が ある

What is the difference between these two sentences? 寿司をもう食べた 寿司を食べたことがある Both sentences mean "I've already eaten sushi", right? But what situation would I use もう食べた in? And when would I use ...
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〜たことある/ない vs 〜たことあった/なかった

I see these as example sentences on sites, and I cant figure out the nuances between both. When would you use the past form of this phrase?
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What does どうかと思う mean?

I can't seem to get a good grasp of it. I found a few example sentences and read on weblio that it means: to think (something) is improper; to question; to have a problem with. From the sentences I ...
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The real meaning of の when asking a question

It seems to be the season for asking questions about questions, and with every question and answer I read I get more confused. What is the difference between: 1) どこに行く 2) どこに行くの I'm assuming 1) ...
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「ようとしない」と「ことがある」の違い

皆さん、こんにちは。 I’m right now learning the pattern 「ようとしない」 but I can’t tell the difference on a negative statement using 「ことがある」. 例 「彼は、自分のことは言おうとしない。」 「彼は、自分のことについて話すことがない。」
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So that + adjective? [closed]

How would you translate something like “so that you are/can be X”? I bought this so that he’ll be safe. I want to do this for you so that you’re happy!
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食べていました meaning “Have eaten” or “Just ate” [duplicate]

I know that the te imashita is the past progressive, yet when asking if my japanese friend had eaten, she often replies with tabetenakatta, and my teacher says the te iru form can also mean " Have ...
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Why was し used instead of から?

通訳の仕事は視野が広がるし、自分自身も成長できるよね In this message why is し used instead of から?I thought し was mainly for when there’s multiple reasons for things. Is there another use or reason for it or is it kinda like や,...
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文の組み立て JLPT N1 Question about word order

I am currently practicing for the N1 JLPT, where the questions require us to assemble the sentences in the correct order. Although the book provides the correct answer, it doesn't provide the correct ...
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1answer
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Use of 全て(すべて)in a sentence

Would it be accurate to say: すべてが高かったので何も買いませんでした。 to mean "I did not buy anything because everything was expensive." Is the phrasing correct? And is the use of the particle ”が” accurate or should I ...
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てもいいですか vs. causative verb + もらってもいいですか

電話を使わせてもらってもいいですか。 I know that causative verb form + てもらう means to let somebody do something. And てもいいですか is for asking for permission. But I don't quite understand the use of these 2 constructions ...
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1answer
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Asking a question with a negative verb (見なかった?)

In Yotsubato Ch. 1, Fuuka asks Ena: 変な子みなかった? I understand this to mean "Have you seen a strange kid?" But I'm a bit hung up on the negative form of the verb here. Why not ask: 変な子みた? Is there ...
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Because my friend asked me to

こんにちは、みなさん! Hey guys, so, I'm familiar with the verb '聞く' when translating the verb 'to ask', as in for information. But, what about when asking/requesting someone to do something? (Similar to '...
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1answer
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Can one say [ゲームを遊ぶ ]?

So I know that commonly people say 「ゲームをする」or 「NOUNで遊ぶ」 yet on the Japanese playstation website, I see 「ゲームを遊ぶ」written, even though the verb is intransitive. Are they both correct or is it sorta like ...
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たくさん人 or たくさんの人 [duplicate]

I know the more grammatically correct version would be the Takusan NO hito, yet I'm sure I've read and heard both in Japanese media. Is the first a more colloquial way of saying it, or are there ...
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80 views

Why do I need to use のに instead of ので?

食べてばかりいるので、なんで太いじゃないだろう?? I was told for this sentence I should use のに instead of ので. Why is のに better here? It seems like it changes the meaning from “so/since” to “even though”. I wanted to say “...
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Why is 1年 written after 去年1年 in this sentence?

I was reading an article on NHK easy news about whooping cough and I came across this sentence, 去年1年でこの病気になった人と同じぐらいです。I've seen this usage of "time duration" before but I never understood why just ...
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what does mean in these following phrases the grammar rule 「という」

on my book there are these sentences that I didn't understand 新聞に、来月フランスの大統領が来日するという記事が出ている。 1993年に山形県で最高気温が40度を超えたという記録がある。 日本には、月でうさぎがもちをついているという古くからの言い伝えがあります。 ...
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Why is the plain negative in this sentence translated as “haven't”?

まだ部屋が暖まらない I encountered this sentence in an Anki deck (core 10k) and I can't seem to wrap my head around it, specifically its translation. According to the deck, the English sentence is "The room ...
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772 views

What is the たんだ in と思ってたんだ for the sentence in question?

Here is a sentence that I came across in Yotsuba, 恵那が結婚して出て行く時に使おうと思ってたんだ. I believe the English translation would be something like, "When Ena (恵那) gets married and leaves, I think I'll use this. I ...
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Is 悪いところを見つかった proper Japanese?

The weblio page for 見つかった uses this phrase as an example meaning "I've been caught." But as I understand it, 見つかる implies that the subject and not the object is the thing that is found. And so I would ...
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Help understanding 反故にしてついてきて、なんて言うの? 身勝手すぎるでしょ

I'm struggling to correctly understand the meaning of the sentence in bold below. To explain the context: Person 2 originally promised to go together with Person 1 into battle. However, Person 2 has ...
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Do I have to use nan, ka, or both to ask a question?

I'm going through Genki, and for questions, it gives the example, りゅうがくせいです (I am an international student) can be turned into a question by adding ka to the end. りゅうがくせいですか (Are you an ...
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2answers
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Why is しない used instead of じゃない?

So I have the following two sentences from the Yotsuba manage chapter 15. うまいか?変な味しないか? I have seen some typos with the manga on the site I'm reading it at, but I don't think this is one. I'm ...
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time expression + 置く [duplicate]

I've found this example sentence for 置く in my textbook: 三日置いて治った。(She recovered after three days). I've looked this usage up but really couldn't find anything relevant. Could you clarify how and ...
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Which Japanese Particle should go here, (ni) or (wa)?

わたしの いえ_ へやが みっつ あります。 Essentially what I'm trying to say here is, "There are three rooms in my house"... What should go after ie (house)?
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Confusing use of あくまでも

I have a lot of trouble sorting out the different use of あくまでも. According to goo, the definition is: 1 物事を最後までやりとおすさま。徹底的に。 2 どこまでも。全く。 So something like: Doing something until the very end. ...
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N + NO/NA/DA + わけ and generic rule?

I found in dictionary わけ is a Noun, However, I see in the book that Noun will go with な when using with わけ, as N な + わけがない/わけはない. Besides わけ, is there any Japanese word that has that exception? Why ...
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Location of adjectives when a verb uses two particles

私 は 日本語 を 英語 に ちょっとう難し 訳します. だから 辛抱してください. I recntly enrolled on a japanese site and would like to put on my profile that; it may take me alittle while to translate messages from japanese to english ...
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118 views

Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
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Is there a grammar pattern like 〜うち + Noun? [duplicate]

Context: https://komachi.yomiuri.co.jp/t/2019/0805/908840.htm?g=02 1か月のうち仕事?とよばれるものはトータルで3時間もないと思います。ボタン押すだけです。夕方、鬱屈として叫びだしたくなります。 I think the phrase in bold means "one month's work". What kind of ...
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How does なんていう + のも function in this sentence?

その龍が神様だ、なんていうのもウソくさいし、うちみたいな田舎の占い屋が、人間界の代表であることもウソくさい。 My translation: "That dragon is a god - this is what I'd call a sham, as is some rural fortuneteller being the god's representative for the ...
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Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと

Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと
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1answer
228 views

Confused over role of 「自分が」in this particular passage

I'm reading through Ishikawa Taiga's memoir 『僕の彼氏はどこにいる?』, and I've come across a passage that has me quite confused as far as grammatical structure goes, specifically the role of 自分が in following ...
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1answer
106 views

Help with かっていうと

I have read some post about the meaning of かっていうと and i understand it should be read as 2 separate particles i.e. か+っていうと However, I can't seem to understand what the this phrase means in the below ...
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新完全マスターN3 drill explanation

The following sentence is marked as wrong: 私は夜遅く帰る代わりに朝早く起きて勉強しています。 However, as I understand it, it can be translated as "On the one hand I come back home late, but on the other hand, I wake up ...
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When do you use the particles “ga” or “wo” for certain adjectives? [duplicate]

I understand the differences between using "ga" and "wo" for action verbs and static verbs, but what about for adjectives? For example, typically you would say Xが怖い, but I see several cases where it's ...
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1answer
77 views

Can someone help me figure out what 考えを示しましたが is supposed to mean?

This entry is hard to find on the web. I've only found 2 entries: 1)【that以下】という考えを示す reveal one's idea that 2) 考えを示す to state one's opinion 立花氏は来週にもNHKに出向いて受信契約をする考えを示しましたが、「契約する義務はあるが、支払いは義務ではない」...
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Expressing “huh” tag?

How would you express this type of tag? For example: Lovers, huh? That’s what you think they are? Would って work? 恋人って?そうと思う?