Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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6
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1answer
154 views

What does the は in this sentence do?

力任せに壁面に罅{ひび}を刻んでは一つ、また一つと体のパーツを外気に晒{さら}していく。 What does は do here? Is it contrasting? Thanks!
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2answers
410 views

Understanding the の in ~ものの

I thought that の always had to modify a noun... so how come a sentence like the following is possible despite there being no nominalization of what follows の ? たたみに布団を敷いて寝てみたものの、背中が痛くて寝られなかった。 Is ...
6
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1answer
331 views

What is the meaning of ことに当たるように?

What is the meaning of ことに当たるように in this example (there is already a post of にあたって/にあたり, but I can't understand)? 以後{いご}はトムと協力{きょうりょく}してことに当{あ}たるように。
6
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1answer
567 views

っては replaced with っちゃ?

My friend said: うたっちゃだめだから。 Is the っちゃ a colloquial replacement for っては in this case?
5
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1answer
211 views

Is the 「て」 missing from 「され」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence. ソフトのプレイ中にHOMEボタンを押すと、ソフトが中断されHOMEメニューが表示されます。 I think 「て」 should follow the verb 「中断され」 to create conjunctive/continuative form.
5
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1answer
703 views

Ambiguity in meaning of sentences with a noun qualifed by an adjective with が particle

I was wondering if there is any ambiguity with sentences that have adjectives qualifying a noun, especially regarding the が particle. For example: 1.) 僕が好きな人 Can this sentences have an ambiguous ...
5
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2answers
580 views

こと as an Imperative

I just came across the grammar being metioned here http://japanesetest4you.com/flashcard/learn-jlpt-n3-grammar-%e3%81%93%e3%81%a8-koto/. It states yet another way to form the imperative. To my ...
5
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1answer
7k views

What is the difference between ni and ni wa, when talking about a person?

What is the difference between ni and ni wa, when talking about a person? Ni has many meanings, but it is often used as a marker for direction. Wa is often used as a topic marker. In my textbook, it ...
5
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3answers
581 views

Is this grammatical: 彼は映画スターであり、政治家もだ。

I was about to ask a question but I can't without first confirming, Is this sentence: 彼は映画スターであり、政治家もだ。 grammatically correct, and mean: He is a movie star and also a politician. ==Follow-up ...
5
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2answers
279 views

What happens if なの is used, but not at the end of a sentence?

大学から歩いてニ十分ぐらいの所に適当なのを見つけた。 What does it mean when なの is used in a sentence like the one above? The を that comes after it is really throwing me off. I came across a similar question on here but all ...
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2answers
2k views

How does は apply itself to によっては?

From the question: "How does the use of いかんによっては in this question determine one answer over another?", it is observed that: The use of によって means to change state or behaviour depending on, or ...
4
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1answer
199 views

using 〜ば〜ほど with adverbs

You can use this construct with verbs: 食べれば食べるほど太る and with adjectives: ジェットコースターは高ければ高いほど楽しい but what about adverbs? if, for example, I wanted to say of a windmill "the faster it turns, the more ...
3
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1answer
944 views

What is the meaning of もらう here?

I know that もらう has the meaning of 'get' or 'receive', but I am confused with it when it is used in the sentence below: 面白いのでたくさんの人に読んでもらいたい How do I understand the auxiliary verb 'もらう' in this ...
2
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1answer
405 views

て used as “because”?

My (Japanese) friend gave me a suggested translation of this sentence: 普段ワインはなかなか飲まないのだけど、いろんな味、風味、渋味甘味が感じられて良き体験でした。 By no means do I usually drink wine but, it was a good experience because ...
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2answers
275 views

Using と to link clauses instead of て

I've seen several posts saying that と cannot be used to mean 'and' when linking clauses. They say it should be treated as 'when'. I have come across several sentences in my studies that do not support ...
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1answer
126 views

What are the subtleties of “て Form+くる”?

I understand that describes an action happened a bit before and is catching up to now, but my materials have been nebulous on clarifying that in practical terms. It uses 明日、漫画を持ってくる as example of how ...
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1answer
865 views

Meaning of 「にならない」

What does ni naranai mean below? [提出]{ていしゅつ}に[遅]{おく}れた[場合]{ばあい}は[減点]{げんてん}にならない teishutsu ni okureta baai ha genten ni naranai "Points will not be deducted if there is delay in submission" - is ...
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2answers
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Encountered な with ten-ten

I am currently reading a manga for studying Japanese and encountered something strange. A girl exclaims「な゛?!」 The situation is that she has just had water squirted up her nose, so I am guessing it's ...
8
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3answers
702 views

たり sentence without the final たり

I just read a sentence in an answer key as follows: 雨が降ったら、買い物をしたり、おいしい物を食べるつもりです。 I would have thought that the sentence should be: 雨が降ったら、買い物をしたり、おいしい物を食べたりするつもりです。 Is there any difference ...
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2answers
757 views

Usage of いる/います and ある/あります in combined words and sentences

Actually, this has been lingering for sometime in my mind about how Japanese convey a sentence which has both the living and non-living things. Will Japanese use いる or ある? or whichever comes first? or ...
6
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1answer
188 views

でございまして in this sentence?

それが困ったことに、次はスープでございまして。 Now that I think of it, I had jotted down another sentence that looks like the same : 海外では魔女はとても人気のあるカテゴリーでしてね Why are ございます and です conjugated that way ?
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2answers
963 views

What is the difference between 〜ている and 〜中?

When we want to expresss that something is in progress, we can use the progressive form: 勉強している studying But another way of expressing a progressing action is by adding 中 to the noun: 仕事中 ...
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1answer
580 views

Another way to say “これはだれの___ですか?”

(the blank represents some noun/object) Is この__はだれのですか? grammatically correct and have the same meaning as the title?
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1answer
183 views

I need help with this sentence! 居るなら居ると言ってくれればいいのにと誰にともなく唇をとがらせる。

A: おかああさん? B: はーい ホッとする。同時に拍子抜けする。なんだ居るのかと胸をなでおろしたあとで、居るなら居ると言ってくれればいいのにと誰にともなく唇をとがらせる。 My translation is "...if you're here, I wish you would say 'I'm here'..." I don't understand after ...
5
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1answer
342 views

How are these two sentences not negating their premise?

In my JLPT textbook, 日本語総まとめN1読解, on page17, there are these two sentences (which are both part of a larger paragraph, but I hope I have included enough): 自分{じぶん}なんかにできるわけがないとあきらめる態度{たいど}...
5
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1answer
808 views

Function of “でも” in “とでも言うべきであろうか”?

I've come across the phrase "〜とでも言うべきであろうか" in my reading. I understand most of it, but am a little confused as to what the "でも" is doing. I'm familiar with "でも" as a particle, but it appears to be ...
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4answers
770 views

What is the たて in 取れる+たて?

Here are some examples: 取れる+たて -> 取れたて ・取れたてのたけのこ; fresh bamboo shoots that have just been harvested. できる+たて -> できたて ・できたてのごはん; fresh rice that has just been cooked. 生まれる+たて ->...
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2answers
257 views

Need help translating a sentence - あるひ?

I'm trying to read a children's book and have already gotten stumped by the first sentence. "context" The picture shows an autumn day. It reads: ある つめたい かぜの ふく ひ。 So far I've got ... (chilly ...
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3answers
380 views

Does 私は地震が怖い make sense?

私は地震が怖い。 For me that's like saying 私は彼がきれいです. It doesn't make sense putting 私 here.
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2answers
415 views

Undertstanding 88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で

88歳の草間彌生さんは水玉の絵などが有名な芸術家で、世界でも人気があります。 88 year old 草間彌生さん ??? and is popular even in (the rest of) the world. I'm having problems parsing the first clause. 草間彌生さんは有名な芸術家で 草間彌生 is a famous ...
4
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1answer
491 views

What is the function of と in verb-ていると form

I read this sentence in a book for beginners, but I can't find the grammar in any of my books or online: おばあさんが川で洗濯をしていると、川上のほうから、大きな桃が「どんぶらこ、どんぶらこ」と流れてきました。 Which I translate as While the old ...
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2answers
269 views

Meaning of 何とやら in this sentence

私は勝負日の前日は大抵眠れません。遠足前の何とやらです。気が弱いです。 According to Kenkyusha dictionary, 何とやら means etc. or and so on. Could it mean same here? My attempt: I can hardly sleep the day before a competition. The same ...
3
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1answer
207 views

What is the meaning of 「ため」 in the following sentence?

I understand that ため means "in order to" or "goal". I don't understand how it works in this sentence though. Could someone please explain. バスの事故が続いているため出発前に警察などが調べ This is how I interpret it: ...
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1answer
264 views

Reason for placing a comma between the subject and verb in this simple independent clause?

Y has been in a heated discussion with another person. X has been observing that discussion / argument: Yの目が、なんとか怒りを抑えつけようとしているのを、Xは見てとった。 "X could see the suppressed anger in Y's eyes." How does ...
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3answers
225 views

How to interprete this が?

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/hK45eJm/img-20170916-0001-new.pdf its taken from line 20: 城には金銀が保管してあったはずだ。 => "In the castle, surely the gold and silver did a custody." This ...
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2answers
715 views

Understanding てくる in these sentences

Coming across lines such as (two separate contexts): 「ご飯をよそってきて食べなよ」 and 「そんなに驚かないで。頭を冷やすために下でお茶でも淹れてくるよ」 I'm having trouble understanding the usage of 来る in both of these sentences. I was ...
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1answer
804 views

けど in the end of sentence

無理をしないように言ったけど。。 Is it an incomplete sentence? So she want to say "although I have told him not to overdo things... (he did it anyway). Here's the full story for the context... 今日、鈴木くんに会った時、...
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1answer
12k views

What's the difference between 「いけない」 and 「いかない」?

I've just learned that ~わけにはいけない as in 断{ことわ}るわけにはいけない ("I can't refuse") apparently isn't valid but ~わけにはいかない is, even though I've been using the former frequently. But what is the difference ...
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4answers
11k views

Difference between にかんして and について?

What is the difference between にかんして and について? Example usage would be much appreciated!
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4answers
6k views

The という in things like 〜ということ・〜というの・〜という感じ・〜というわけ etc

I have been trying for ages to understand the reason という is used so frequently. In other words, what does it add to the sentence and what connotations does it have in Japanese? I understand the ...
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5answers
10k views

Why is it 日本語がわかります instead of 日本語をわかります?

From what I understand, は is the topic marker, が is the subject marker, and を is the object marker. One of the first sentences I learned doesn't seem to fit the rules I described above. The sentence ...
16
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2answers
6k views

Does the volitional form of a verb mean both “let's” and “I want to”?

I was taught ages ago that the volitional form of a verb means "let's" do something. For example, if you take 行{い}く and change it to 行{い}こう, you get "let's go". However, I feel like I can use the ...
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2answers
4k views

The correct usage of ~と決める, ~に決める, and ~を決める

Browsing the example of 決める, I found at least there are 3 patterns as follows: 行くと決めた。I decided to go. 行くまいと決めた。I decided not to go. 車を買うことに決めた。I decided to buy a car. 会議の日を決めた。I decided the meeting ...
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2answers
7k views

Can we have two thematic は particles in a sentence?

Good afternoon all, From what I understand, there are two types of は-particle: The thematic-は (topic-marker) which is used to introduce things into the universe of discourse. The contrastive-は. ...
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4answers
2k views

What’s the difference between [v] たとしても and just the plain ても

What’s the difference between [v] たとしても and just the plain ても? Example: (1) 説明書を読んでも分かりにくい (2) 説明書を読んだとしても分かりにくい
14
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2answers
3k views

How to use 〜かのよう{に・な・だ}

I understand fine how to use 〜(の)よう{に・な・だ}, but I'm not sure when or how you can add in the か. Here's an example from my book: 4月になって雪が降るなんて、まるで冬が戻って来たかのようです。 How is this different than if it had ...
11
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3answers
2k views

Why 次第 instead of によって in this very example?

I was randomly browsing this page and came across this sentence: 砂糖{さとう}は作{つく}るものしだいで使用{しよう}します。 This recipe happens to have a French equivalent En fonction des recettes, on utilise du ...
24
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7answers
7k views

the different usages of つもり?

Hi all I understand that つもり means "intention" like say 夏休みにはゆっくり休むつもりです。 = I intend to rest during the summer vacation. But what does 分かっているつもりだ。 means? Well if I translate directly, it seems to be ...
10
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3answers
9k views

What is “koto” used for? [duplicate]

I know "koto" means thing, but I've seen it used like this in my Self-Study Japanese book: Nihon no koto ga yoku wakarimasu ka. and Chiimu no koto o kangaete imashita. Does this mean Japan's thing ...
9
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1answer
30k views

Saying something is like/not like something else

How does one say "this is like/similar to that" or "this is not like that" in Japanese in essence? An example sentence is "In this way, the English are like the Japanese" ; I have not been able to ...