Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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211 views

Is 去年に grammatical?

I know the rules regarding when to use に with time expressions and when not to. Or at least, I thought I knew the rules. But I watched an ANN news item about Tsukiji market today, and at one point the ...
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141 views

Please help with this text

For full context, see here. The section in question: 今日は、日本で長くお暮しの4人の外国の奥様においでいただきました。一番長い方は15年、短い方でも6年はいらっしゃるそうです。その間のご苦労や嬉しかったことなどを伺いたいと思います。 So first, I have some issues with 長くお暮しの4人の外国の奥様. I ...
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The use of なんというお名前ですか?

Basically, I've been corrected on Lang-8 that [あなたの名前はですか] should be changed to [なんというお名前ですか], or [あなたの名前何といいますか]. After a quick search around, I found that なんという means how as in [how [beautiful]]. I ...
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Why is そんなに the best answer in「(いくら・そんなに・どんなに)笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。」?

Consider the following question from 新完全マスター文法 (N3): ( )笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。 a いくら b そんなに c どんなに According to the theory associated with the exercise: いくら should be followed by ~ても/~...
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108 views

Does this ところ bear the meaning of “thing” here?

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/XIK9pCk/img-20171020-0001-new.pdf#page=2 The sentence in question is taken from line 31-32: チャイム?あっ, 発車ベルのことですね。少しうるさいところもあるかもしれませんが、日本の乗り物には、...
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Meaning of ~ばいいかな

Recently, I've seen this sentence somewhere: 簡単に入れる大学に入って、いい結婚相手を見つければいいかな。 I'd like to know what is the meaning of the ~ばいいかな construction here - is it merely a "I wonder if..." sentence ("I wonder ...
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といった vs といって. What is correct? Why?

There is this sentence. たたみとかしょうじと( )日本的なものに興味があります。 From といった and といって, which suits better here? Why? Along with that can someone please explain what difference is made when といって changes to といった?...
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Understanding a sentence 〜声が誰のものか

それでも、俺はその繊細な声が誰のものかすぐに気づく。 Does もの here refer to a voice? If so, would there be any difference between the above and the following? それでも、俺はその繊細な声が誰の声かすぐに気づく。 Is it simply to avoid repetition? If ...
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Extracting from, and introducing to Universe of Discourse using は and が with こそあど-demonstratives

Consider the following: このりんご( は / が )食べないでください。 Person A: どちらが東ですか。  Person B: こちら( は / が )東です。 Workbook answers are は for 1. and が for 2. In 1., I would expect the person to be ...
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“No ga” … — what's this grammar rule?

What are the grammar rules here? 何【なに】をするのが好き【すき】ですか? Nani wo suru no ga suki desu ka? Why "no ga"? Why before "suki"? Where can I read about this?
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送ってくれた : Why is both “sending” and “giving” being used together here?

I encountered the sentence: 両親が私にはがきを送ってくれた。 I understand that: 送って translates to a verb meaning "to send", or I assume in this case "sending" due to the "te-form" being used. I also understand ...
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How is the past tense in this sentence translated?

I'm studying Japanese adjectives right now, and I see that adjectives can be formed to refer to past tense. For example, 自転車は楽だったです。 So, I'm trying to understand a little bit better how the ~だった ...
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Syntax of this sentence

From Line 11: https://www.docdroid.net/847v2dg/img-20170413-0001-new.pdf.html 地図Bは南北を上下ではなく、左右に置いて、作ったものである。 I understand the sentence as follows: "Concerning map B, it is the card he made north and ...
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2answers
247 views

Double negative in sentence “一人くらいは来てくれるんじゃないかな…”

I was wondering about the translation of this sentence: (一人くらいは来てくれるんじゃないかな...) What I see is a double negative and a question. Does someone know if the double negative and question are used to save ...
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“高{たか}くっても” vs. “高くとも”、“低{ひく}くっても” vs. “低くとも”, etc. usage?

I'm really confused about the meanings of these two similar adjective inflections: 高い ---> 高くっても 高い ---> 高くとも   難{むずか}しい ---> 難しくっても 難しい ---> 難しくとも   "っても" might possibly be less formal(? because of ...
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What's the difference among とばかりに, (と言わ)んばかりにand かのごとく?

Hi what's the difference between these three forms?. I have made some research but they all seem to mean "As if". In the specific, とばかりに appears to mean "As to say", (と言わ)んばかりに "As he/she wanted to ...
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Which grammar rules are applied when でいい is conjugated to nouns?

"ここに名前を書くだけでいいですか?" means "Is it ok to just write [my] name here?" I'm confused about where でいい comes from. http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/must#part5 is about conjugating ていい /でいい to ...
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Direct objects of motion verbs and help with the difference between を and に

まちをぶらぶらあるく。 English translation: Walk aimlessly through town. I understand that aimlessly walk takes the object town and that’s why we use を, but wouldn’t it make more sense to use に as the town is ...
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Usage of に to indicate purpose

I'm trying to understand the use of に as a particle to indicate the purpose of someone moving to another place to do something. For example, lets say that I want to say "I'm going home to eat dinner." ...
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Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました ?

Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました? Thank you :D
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Problems with そうです in this sentence

留守番電話に伝言入れたのに、それを 聞かなかったそうです 。 So, the problem I have is the following: In my textbook, I learned that ます-stem + そうです means "to seem", like "雨が降りそうです。" Then, dictionary form + そうです means hearsay, ...
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Can は be used to mean “at least” [duplicate]

As Noguchi walks away from the girls he overhears them whispering something. The narrator says: すると五メートルは離れていたはずなのに、野口さんがピクっと立ち止まった。 And then, even though they expected him to be five metres away,...
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666 views

Different ways to say even

I wanted to say: I don't use Skype. I'm so old fashioned that I don't even have a mobile (cell) phone. This is what I went for: Skypeを使いません。携帯もないほどなかなか懐古的なのです。 Please correct me if any this is ...
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What's the role of ネ・サ・ヨ in Japanese Grammar?

Recently I looked up an explanation for 文節【ぶんせつ】 on here 国語文法, which I learned are the phrases/units that make up sentences while theoretically still standing on their own out of context. During that ...
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What does でもわかる mean and what does あって+か do?

丸い顔と丸い頬は幼い容貌を形作り、そのせいもあってか、服の上からでもわかるくらい豊かに成熟している胸元にはつい目を引き寄せられてしまう。 What does あって+か do in this sentence? Also what meaning does でもわかる have in this sentence? Is the でも being used as "even"? Thanks!...
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What's the difference between “な感じ” and “という感じ” when written after quotation marks?

な感じ was crossed out and replaced with という感じ in a sentence that I wrote that was similar to this one: その文には「それは私にはもったいない」 な感じ という感じ があると思う。 I think that sentence has a feeling of "that's more than ...
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445 views

ではと - is this a particle?

それは、玉座に繋がれた真祖の姫ではなかった。 彼女は今でもあの間に繋がれたままである。 これは彼女の内面に潜む、彼女と融け合う事を待っている彼女に他ならない。 「はじめましてブリュンスタッド。 こうしてお話をする機会が回ってくるとは思いませんでした。 なにしろ貴方があの様子では、受け継ぐのは姉君ではと危惧していたものですから」 This isn't the ...
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Meaning of いやしません [duplicate]

あんなにコチコチな座り方をする猫なんていやしませんぞ。 A cat that sits so rigidly ??? I can't figure out what this いやしません is. Since the negative form of いやす seems like a ridiculous proposition in the context I can only ...
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What is the うち in 使っていくうちに?

The following excerpt is taken from a conversation with my language partner: 「てform の使{つか}い方{かた}」* を読{よ}みました。このように書{か}いてあると、難{むずか}しく感{かん}じますね。 私{わたし}たちが「てform」を使うとき、「この動詞{どうし}は意志{いし}を表{あらわ}すから」...
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What does 相手 mean in 「素直な自分をぶつけられる相手」?

I'm confused about how to describe 相手 here. I don't know if it's “partner who can show their true self” or “partner to whom can show your true self”. Also, is the ぶつけられる here like ぶつけることができる? 「...
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Are Japanese stories usually written in past tense or present tense?

This is a question that I have been pondering for a while. As anyone who has read stories written in English can tell you, most stories are written in past tense. Why? Well, the main reason is that ...
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What does で do in this sentence?

金銭のことで彼と争いになった。 Can someone explain what で does in this sentence? I don't really understand it.
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Interpretation of 物語にしようと考えている

小説は連作短編として、色々な土地を旅する作家が、旅行先で怪異にあうという物語にしようと考えているのだ。 ...作家が, (try to?) think of stories that match the mysteries in those destination. ?? instead of (よう)とする、can you have (よう)と___verb? Although what ...
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What is the meaning of て-forms in this sentence?

While reading a travel blog I stumbled upon this paragraph: この日は-25℃。寒くて落ち着いて歩いていられません。 In my understanding, 寒くて is a て-form of 寒い, 落ち着いて is a て-form of 落ち着く, and 歩いて is a て-form of 歩く. However, I'...
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様子見くらい いいっしょ? I can't make sense out of it [duplicate]

Mother:当分ここに住むから。 Son:えっ!? 何だよそれ。 Mother:カワイイ一人息子が頭 打ったんだ。 Mother:様子見くらい いいっしょ。 Here's the question: What does 様子見くらいいいっしょ。 mean? 様子見 = wait-and-see くらい = about?around? dunno いいっしょ = it's good, isn't ...
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How is 高めの used and constructed?

example sentence: コレステロールが高めの方の食品 I'd like to know how 高めの is made (verb stem + no?) and how it should be used. I'm guessing the example sentence means "food which heightens your cholesterol". Does 方 ...
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370 views

Can 「食べも飲みもしない」 be rewritten as 「食べなくも飲まなくもある」?

I'd like to see if I understand a couple grammar points correctly. I'd like to rewrite this sentence:  1. 食べも飲みもしない As either one of these:  2a. 食べなくも  飲まなくもある  2b. ...
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闘わずして勝つ vs. 闘わずに勝つ

The following is said immediately after the protagonist wins without having to fight, as he previously stated he would: 闘わずして勝つってな I said I'll win without fighting. I would have expected the English ...
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Difference between “verb(past) + こと + ある” and “verb + ている”

I always translate ている as "have verb (past participle)" when refering to resultant state. But that current meaning can also be brought upon by past tense of verb combined together with こと ...
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はずもない、はずはない、はずがない. Difference and meaning

Today listening a song I've heard something I can't understood だけどなれるはずもなくて So i started to gather information about this, but it gets me more confused and furthermore found out two more はずはない ...
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Future II Simple in Japanese

How can you express something like "Tomorrow I will have finished my work" or "Because I have to do hard word tomorrow, I will be very tired in the evening"? 明日、仕事を絶対終えたようとする。 ? 明日、にくい仕事があるから、...
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Acceptability of 〜ようとしよう vs. 〜ことにしよう

Question from pg. 55 of 新完全マスター: あさっては大雨【おおあめ】が降【ふ】るそうだよ。ハイキングは来週【らいしゅう】( )。 The choices available are: a. 行【い】こうとしようよ b. 行【い】くことにしようよ c. 行【い】くようになろうよ According to the textbook, the correct answer ...
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Is Mierareru the potential form of Mieru?

The verb mieru appears to be able to conjugate to mierareru (potential form). If it is so, what is the meaning of mierareru and how is it different from mieru? To my knowledge mieru = "can see". So ...
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Te form + はいる question [duplicate]

Watching street commotion from a long distance at night, the vision is blurry: それは見えてはいるけれど、見えていないという状態だ。 My guess is that it translates into "you can call it a situation where (things) can both ...
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How does this sentence work?

For full context, see this document. https://www.docdroid.net/a1B7uAr/img.pdf.html The sentence in question is on Page 2, first sentence from top: いいえ。健康のために少しは外へ出かけてくれたらいいんですが。 The placement of ...
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109 views

Meaning of まで in 地下3階まであります

東京都多摩市で26日午後2時ごろ、つくっているビルが火事になって、5人が亡くなりました。ビルは3階建てで、地下3階まであります。 Around 2 o'clock on the afternoon of the 26th in 多摩市 5 people died when a building which was under construction caught fire. It's a ...
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201 views

Verb in ている form ends with しまう

I'm confused by this sentence: わたしが答える前に急いで川のふちへ歩いていってしまった。 Before I answered he had hurriedly walked to the river side???. 歩いている means walking i.e. progressive form but しまう denotes ...
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What is the sentence structure in Japanese and how do you know the correct order?

Let’s say we have “この建物にいいレストランがあります”。Why does “建物に“come before “レストランが”?How do you know in what order the words are to be said and does it matter?
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229 views

What does 「そうもいかなくて」 mean in this sentence?

This comes from 新完全マスター読解N2: でも、現実にはなかなかそうもいかなくて、目の前にあるのは希望とはまったく違うものだけれども、転職するのも大変だから、いやいや会社に通っているという人も多いでしょう。 Seems like it may mean something like "it's not like that"? What are the words/...
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682 views

Difference between のに and というのに

I have already looked at this question but it didn't really help my understanding. I have the following sentence: 家来たちがそれぞれ自分の荷物を持ち上げて帰る用意をしているというのに、彦一{ひこいち}はなにも入っていない風呂敷{ふろしき}をたたんでふところにしまいました。 My ...