Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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191 views

What does 「そうもいかなくて」 mean in this sentence?

This comes from 新完全マスター読解N2: でも、現実にはなかなかそうもいかなくて、目の前にあるのは希望とはまったく違うものだけれども、転職するのも大変だから、いやいや会社に通っているという人も多いでしょう。 Seems like it may mean something like "it's not like that"? What are the words/...
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260 views

What's the role of ネ・サ・ヨ in Japanese Grammar?

Recently I looked up an explanation for 文節【ぶんせつ】 on here 国語文法, which I learned are the phrases/units that make up sentences while theoretically still standing on their own out of context. During that ...
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993 views

Meaning of ~ばいいかな

Recently, I've seen this sentence somewhere: 簡単に入れる大学に入って、いい結婚相手を見つければいいかな。 I'd like to know what is the meaning of the ~ばいいかな construction here - is it merely a "I wonder if..." sentence ("I wonder ...
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Difference between “verb(past) + こと + ある” and “verb + ている”

I always translate ている as "have verb (past participle)" when refering to resultant state. But that current meaning can also be brought upon by past tense of verb combined together with こと and ある. ...
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The use of なんというお名前ですか?

Basically, I've been corrected on Lang-8 that [あなたの名前はですか] should be changed to [なんというお名前ですか], or [あなたの名前何といいますか]. After a quick search around, I found that なんという means how as in [how [beautiful]]. I ...
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330 views

Is this sentence correct. (Beginner sentence.) [closed]

私は 二 猫を います。 猫は 一 なまえ  シャドち。 猫 二 なまえ ランジち。 I'm attempting to say, "I have two cats. cat one is named Shadow. Cat two is named randy."
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Te form + はいる question [duplicate]

Watching street commotion from a long distance at night, the vision is blurry: それは見えてはいるけれど、見えていないという状態だ。 My guess is that it translates into "you can call it a situation where (things) can both ...
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263 views

Ending sentences with というか / ていうか

For e.g. 安心するていうか。I saw this in an interview where the person expressed relief that a certain place was available. Is there any nuance with just saying 安心する? This is one thing I can never seem to get....
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143 views

What's the grammar behind 〜がいなくて寂しい

I can't understand how いる+寂しい means miss something like in 君がいなくて寂しいよ。
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What's the difference between どこ and なん in this exercise?

I have two exercises which I don't exactly understand. I've already known that どちら is more polite form from どこ. This two could ask about place and "what/which one" ."nan" asks about "kind of company", ...
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1answer
92 views

How does this sentence work?

For full context, see this document. https://www.docdroid.net/a1B7uAr/img.pdf.html The sentence in question is on Page 2, first sentence from top: いいえ。健康のために少しは外へ出かけてくれたらいいんですが。 The placement of ...
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352 views

Usage of に to indicate purpose

I'm trying to understand the use of に as a particle to indicate the purpose of someone moving to another place to do something. For example, lets say that I want to say "I'm going home to eat dinner." ...
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What does 相手 mean in 「素直な自分をぶつけられる相手」?

I'm confused about how to describe 相手 here. I don't know if it's “partner who can show their true self” or “partner to whom can show your true self”. Also, is the ぶつけられる here like ぶつけることができる? 「...
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How do とは and に/された work in 「N700系とはどこが違う?N700Aに搭載された性能」

I saw this on the cover of a book about trains that was at least similar to a magazine: N700系とはどこが違う? N700Aに搭載された性能 This is a little confusing: とは is used to define things. It is often used ...
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1answer
885 views

Acceptability of 〜ようとしよう vs. 〜ことにしよう

Question from pg. 55 of 新完全マスター: あさっては大雨【おおあめ】が降【ふ】るそうだよ。ハイキングは来週【らいしゅう】( )。 The choices available are: a. 行【い】こうとしようよ b. 行【い】くことにしようよ c. 行【い】くようになろうよ According to the textbook, the ...
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454 views

Can I use そうです (inference) in past?

"It seems to me that he did not have the intention of following my advice" Is it possible to say this sentence in Japanese using そうです, and if so, how? I was aiming to use (よ)うとする constructions, but I ...
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56 views

Syntax of this sentence

From Line 11: https://www.docdroid.net/847v2dg/img-20170413-0001-new.pdf.html 地図Bは南北を上下ではなく、左右に置いて、作ったものである。 I understand the sentence as follows: "Concerning map B, it is the card he made north and ...
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Why is そんなに the best answer in「(いくら・そんなに・どんなに)笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。」?

Consider the following question from 新完全マスター文法 (N3): ( )笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。 a いくら b そんなに c どんなに According to the theory associated with the exercise: いくら should be followed by ~ても/~...
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356 views

How does 別に function as an adverb?

I know that 別に means "not particularly" sometimes, but what is its role in this sentence? 別に山田の私服を見るのは、はじめてってわけじゃないんだけどな。 I assume it means something like "it's not exactly the first time I've seen ...
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“No ga” … — what's this grammar rule?

What are the grammar rules here? 何【なに】をするのが好き【すき】ですか? Nani wo suru no ga suki desu ka? Why "no ga"? Why before "suki"? Where can I read about this?
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1answer
133 views

送ってくれた : Why is both “sending” and “giving” being used together here?

I encountered the sentence: 両親が私にはがきを送ってくれた。 I understand that: 送って translates to a verb meaning "to send", or I assume in this case "sending" due to the "te-form" being used. I also understand ...
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240 views

What does の apply to after a list of items with と?

I've looked around, but I couldn't find an answer for this question. Here's the example phrase that I'm trying to translate that I pulled from a light novel: せりとレタスとキャベツの違い I'm not sure whether ...
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Which grammar rules are applied when でいい is conjugated to nouns?

"ここに名前を書くだけでいいですか?" means "Is it ok to just write [my] name here?" I'm confused about where でいい comes from. http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/must#part5 is about conjugating ていい /でいい to ...
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に[配慮]{はいりょ} vs. を[配慮]{はいりょ}

I want to know if there is any difference between に and を when used with 配慮する. Example sentences: [環境]{かんきょう}に配慮した家 環境を配慮した家 [相手]{あいて}の[立場]{たちば}に配慮する 相手の立場を配慮する Are they ...
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264 views

What is やってけんのかな?

What does the けん mean in this sentence? Is this a dialect? やってけんのかな
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1answer
372 views

How is this ほとんど used?

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/oraqSdS/img-20170830-0001-new.pdf The following sentence is taken from Line 2-3: 日本では交通事故で毎年1万人くらい死んでいるが、その原因のほとんどは運転手のミスである。 First, my attempt ...
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308 views

How do I use がする? (ex: いい香りがする)

I know the basic usage behind it, like saying "I wanna have lunch at Wendy's today", but I feel like there's a bunch of subtleties to it that I'm not really seeing yet
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481 views

both…and, neither…nor

Which is the correct translation in Japanese? He both sings and plays the guitar. 彼は歌うのもギターを弾くのもする。 彼は歌いもギターを弾きもする。 He neither sings nor plays the guitar. 彼は歌うのもギターを弾くのもしない。 ...
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2answers
214 views

Why can story writers use くれる when describing a third person?

I just read a famous Japanese legend as follows. 昔、ある所に浦島太郎という若い男がいました。 ある日、太郎は子供達にいじめられている亀を助けてあげました。 亀は「助けてくれて、ありがとうございました」と言って、太郎を海の中のお城へ連れて行ってくれました。 Why can story writers use くれる when ...
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Does the particle に in に作られた mark the agent or the location here?

I'm confused about 「に作られた」 in the following sentence. Kindly explain this part to me. 「Central Base」とは、旧「アクアポリス・中央エアポート」に作られた、「ASDF」の陸上(?)基地のことだ。 Some sort of translation: Central base is, ...
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169 views

Is the word ぐらい a noun? Why do we need の between ぐらい and はず?

Recall that はず can follow a noun followed by の a verb in plain form i adjective na adjective followed by な for the present tense and considering the following sentence, 十年前は小学生だったが、...
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1answer
93 views

Tracing subject sentence and missing classifier

In the following sentence I am not sure if the subject is 始末したコボルト or not. I guess it is the subject and not the group in which is plunged searching for shelter. Is it correct? ...
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149 views

Use of the causitive form without an obvious source of causation

記憶を刈るという部分がメアを彷彿とさせる the part (of the story) where memories were reaped, resembles Mare. ファインダーを覗いてレンズをあちこちに巡らせるが、円盤の光は影を潜めている。 (operating a camera) while he peeked at the finder and looked ...
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1answer
129 views

Expressing ~no option but

しかない/ほかない/よりない - are these forms inter-changeable ゆうがたまでやる(しかない/ほかない/よりない)- are all the forms correct?
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1answer
223 views

Why use 行き and not 行きたい?

I'm currently learning the Desire Form of the verbs and I'd like to know why in this phrase, it's used 行き and not 行きたい. 私はショッピングモールに行き、自分のために服を買いたい The たい form should be added only at the last ...
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1answer
137 views

What does ても+いかん do?

今闘技場にいる観衆は外に出すな、モンスターが脱走したことを悟られてもいかん! What meaning does いかん have in this sentence? I've never seen this before.
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499 views

は、には、に。。。what is the difference between them?

Can anyone explain the difference between the three sentences below and also the use of the grammar? わたしのがっこう は 日本人の せんせい が います。 わたしのがっこう に 日本人の せんせい が います。 わたしのがっこう には 日本人の せんせい が います。
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1answer
249 views

Understanding この場合〜なんだろうけど

迷宮都市{オラリオ}はこの魔石製品を他の地域、他の国に輸出することで莫大な利益を上げていると聞く。この場合、迷宮都市{オラリオ}っていうよりギルドなんだろうけど。 I don't understand the second sentence. Is it actually a complete sentence? Also what does なんだろうけど express?
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138 views

Special use of ~たら to translate あとで?

I've come across a sentence in Minna no Nihongo I can't explain myself: はさみを使ったら、元の所に戻しておいてください。 In the book, its translation in French is, in English: "After you have used the scissors, put them ...
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128 views

Feeling unsure about the connection of the two sides of the comma

地図は普通、北を上にして掛かれる。 (From line 7: https://www.docdroid.net/847v2dg/img-20170413-0001-new.pdf.html) => "The map is normal, it can hang with the north attached to the top." I feel very unsure about this ...
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1answer
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といった vs といって. What is correct? Why?

There is this sentence. たたみとかしょうじと( )日本的なものに興味があります。 From といった and といって, which suits better here? Why? Along with that can someone please explain what difference is made when といって changes to といった?...
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1answer
208 views

Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
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1answer
2k views

Listing three or more items

In English, when we have three or more items, only the last "and" is kept, and the rest are omitted. I like fish, curry, sausage, and honey. What is the standard way to list multiple items in ...
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2answers
102 views

Unclear sentence: 選を先行する取り組みを本格化させる

I have difficulty trying to understand the following sentence: 米大統領選などをきっかけに欧米で先行する取り組みを、日本でも本格化させるのが狙い。 Source: http://www.asahi.com/articles/ASK6P62NYK6PUTIL0CS.html What is the meaning of ...
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1answer
139 views

What does しまったり mean?

In this line from a song, 大人【おとな】になるにつれ 遠【とお】ざかってしまったり I'm tempted to say it translates to As you grow older, you're growing apart (from me) but I'm not entirely sure how to interpret しまったり. ...
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1answer
2k views

How to say “better+verb”

If one wanted to say >subject+better+verb, how would you say that. Would ほうがいい work?
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1answer
1k views

Listing modifiers with 〜であり

Taken from an educational book with parallel English literal translation. The original work is Mishima's "Patriotism". 麗子は良人の親友であり、たびたびこの家へも遊びに来た元気な青年将校の顔を思い浮べた。 Reiko recalled the faces of ...
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87 views

The meaning of この+own personal name

One of the villains of ジョジョの奇妙な冒険, Dio, frequently refers to himself as「このディオ」 (to the point it became a meme). What's the meaning of this grammar: この+own personal name? Is it just emphasis? Or are ...
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1answer
304 views

N + sou desu is acceptable

kono kami ha yuki sou da - is this correct? I know that rashii and mitai can be used ~ but that's beside the point. Also,if 'sou da' can be used with 'N' - how do we differentiate 'seems like' ...
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2answers
111 views

Need help with ここ and これ

I don't understand why you're able to interchange これ in 「これはペンです」and 「ペンはこれです」, but you can't interchange ここ in 「まどはここです」 and 「ここはまどです」