Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
2answers
632 views

Why is this sentence grammatically incorrect?

On a separate question about Japanese pitch, one of the examples I left was: '甘美(うまみ)の花は赤を見える' (Your flower looks red [talking to Umami]). One of the commenters claimed that it was grammatically ...
3
votes
1answer
432 views

What does 望むところだ mean?

I've seen the expression 望むところだ twice in manga (both times spoken by a very rough speaking male character). The context of the situations (the character who spoke was just threatened or warned in both ...
3
votes
2answers
346 views

Understanding 〜たら良いか〜

The sentence 何と言ったら良いか分かりません means "I don't know what I should say." But what is the literal translation of this sentence? What is the purpose of the か in 良いか?
3
votes
0answers
55 views

What does か at the end of the headline signify? [duplicate]

米追加関税第4弾 3805品目対象、スマホも 措置発動は6月下旬以降か I understand this as, "The USA has added additional tarrif/tax on 3805 articles/products (according to bullet point 4), which includes smartphones. To be put into ...
3
votes
3answers
576 views

君に話しがある How does this work?

ちょっと君に話しがある I saw this sentence in my downloaded deck of cards. Does it make sense. Why does it feel like "You have a little bit of a story in you". How do you interpret this? What does the に? In ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
3
votes
2answers
294 views

Is the で here connecting the two sentences or does it act as a context particle?

Is the で after おかげ a て-form or the context particle? 友達のおかげで、映画はただで見られた。
3
votes
4answers
192 views

Use of を with 進める

2020年の開業に向けて、JR東日本が東京の山手線の品川駅と田町駅の間で建設を進めている新しい駅の工事現場が、初めて報道関係者に公開されました。 The construction site of a new station, that JR are progressing between the Yamanote and Tamachi stations with the aim of a ...
3
votes
1answer
347 views

~なけりゃ or ~なきゃ, how to know which one to use?

風邪を引いたから薬を早く飲まなきゃ I know that generally, eba contracts to ya (答えれば → 答えりゃ) (おけば →  おきゃ) If the original form in this sentence is 飲まな[ければ]{ll}ならない.いけない how shall we choose between 飲まなきゃ and 飲まなけりゃ?
3
votes
1answer
181 views

How to denote the object and the subject of potential form verbs clearly?

The source in where I studied told me that you mark the object of potential form with が particle instead of を particle because potential form is just a state, no actual action is taken. It ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

Using two or more quotes

How would one combine two or more quotes together? In English we just do something like "He said 'Quote A', 'Quote B' and 'Quote C'". In chat, snailboat gave these possibilities: 「Quote A」「Quote B」...
3
votes
2answers
216 views

function of the particle も in 「~も辞さない」

I came across the sentence「訴訟も辞さない」in a book today and even though I am able to understand its meaning, I can't figure out the actual function of も in this case. I looked into my grammar dictionary ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Cannot understand this passage

ランサーが深海からとってきた「ダイオウグソクムシ」を見てそのワキャワキャさにドン引きし、ランサーから「お前さんとこの竜牙兵もワキャワキャしてるじゃねえか」と言われて。 ワキャワキャさ:I can't find anything on this. I found that わきゃ means 私の, but I don't get the meaning of the sentence like ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Can we re-position ほど phrase?

The following are commonly-used patterns that I find in some resources. A: 彼は私ほどハンサムじゃない。He is not as handsome as I. B: 私ほどハンサムな男の人はいない。There is no man who is as handsome as I. Question Is it ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Can うちは mean the same thing as うちに?

Tell me please in the sentence below, can うちは means the same as うちに? Or it's just うち like "we" ? Thank you very much for help!
3
votes
2answers
289 views

Translation help with this sentence? 何人も触れること能わぬ- everyone or no one?

何【なん】人【びと】も触れる【ふれる】こと能わぬ【あたわぬ】才媛【さいえん】 I'm having trouble with this sentence. I'm just confused as to whether '能わぬ' counts as a negative verb that affects 何人も or not. Since I know 何人も means everyone/...
3
votes
1answer
662 views

What is the difference between Vてはじめる and はじめてV meaning?

例えば: 1.子供のとき、コーヒーをはじめて飲みました。 2.子供のとき、コーヒーを飲んではじめました。 I think both mean "When I was a child, I started/tried to drink coffee." And how do I say "I drink coffee for the first time"?
3
votes
2answers
157 views

I don't understand the usage of で in this sentance

This is from the headline of a news article in NHK News Easy. 日本の人口が減る 赤ちゃんが今まで「で」いちばん少ない Can someone explain this one to me? Thanks!
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Sentence ending に and のに compared to their non-sentence-ending form

Consider these: [A] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来ただろうに [B] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来たのに Is に in [A] related to the case particle に? Is のに in [B] related to the use of のに as a conjunction in mid-sentence?...
3
votes
2answers
336 views

Why do some Japanese questions end with 〜ないか?

I was watching clips of “Art of Fighting 2” (Original Title: 龍虎の拳2) in Japanese, and I noticed an interesting pattern: When Geese Howard (ギース・ハワード) is talking to Ryou Sakazaki (リョウ・サカザキ) or Robert ...
3
votes
3answers
996 views

How do I add an object to noun を します verbs?

When you want to associate a noun を します action (what English-speakers would call "verbing a noun") with a specific noun, what particles are used and where? For example, if I was saying "I study", you ...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

Why is に used in 若者が元気に溢れている?

Why is に used in a sentence like this? 若者が元気に溢れている I thought it was: 若者に元気が溢れている I know に is used as an indirect object marker. Could someone tell me the difference between direct and indirect ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

How are で and ばかりused in this expression?

来年は是非明るい年でありますように願うばかりです I hope that the next year will be great for you Why is で used in 年であります? Is であります an older form of です? Also, what would the ばかり translate to here? I thought maybe it could be ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Is the pattern V + に行く used with -する verbs?

Is it natural to say, for example 散歩しに行く? Or would you rather say 散歩に行く? If both are acceptable, is there any difference in meaning or usage? よろしくお願いします。
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Question about ね

Once I read that the sentence ending particle "ね" is not only used when we are asking for an agreement or expressing our agreement, but it is also used when we are talking about our experience, our ...
2
votes
2answers
303 views

Ending sentences with というか / ていうか

For e.g. 安心するていうか。I saw this in an interview where the person expressed relief that a certain place was available. Is there any nuance with just saying 安心する? This is one thing I can never seem to get....
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Are Japanese stories usually written in past tense or present tense?

This is a question that I have been pondering for a while. As anyone who has read stories written in English can tell you, most stories are written in past tense. Why? Well, the main reason is that ...
2
votes
1answer
436 views

Explaining the sentence 今になってもまだ実現していないさま

I have two questions regarding this sentence: 今になってもまだ実現していないさま。 The meaning / grammar of ~も in 今になっても. The meaning / grammar of ~さま part at the end of the sentence. As I know ~さま is added to the ...
2
votes
1answer
367 views

How does 別に function as an adverb?

I know that 別に means "not particularly" sometimes, but what is its role in this sentence? 別に山田の私服を見るのは、はじめてってわけじゃないんだけどな。 I assume it means something like "it's not exactly the first time I've seen ...
2
votes
1answer
263 views

What's the role of ネ・サ・ヨ in Japanese Grammar?

Recently I looked up an explanation for 文節【ぶんせつ】 on here 国語文法, which I learned are the phrases/units that make up sentences while theoretically still standing on their own out of context. During that ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

How do とは and に/された work in 「N700系とはどこが違う?N700Aに搭載された性能」

I saw this on the cover of a book about trains that was at least similar to a magazine: N700系とはどこが違う? N700Aに搭載された性能 This is a little confusing: とは is used to define things. It is often used ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Syntax of this sentence

From Line 11: https://www.docdroid.net/847v2dg/img-20170413-0001-new.pdf.html 地図Bは南北を上下ではなく、左右に置いて、作ったものである。 I understand the sentence as follows: "Concerning map B, it is the card he made north and ...
2
votes
1answer
397 views

What does でもわかる mean and what does あって+か do?

丸い顔と丸い頬は幼い容貌を形作り、そのせいもあってか、服の上からでもわかるくらい豊かに成熟している胸元にはつい目を引き寄せられてしまう。 What does あって+か do in this sentence? Also what meaning does でもわかる have in this sentence? Is the でも being used as "even"? Thanks!...
2
votes
2answers
186 views

Why is そんなに the best answer in「(いくら・そんなに・どんなに)笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。」?

Consider the following question from 新完全マスター文法 (N3): ( )笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。 a いくら b そんなに c どんなに According to the theory associated with the exercise: いくら should be followed by ~ても/~...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

What is the sentence structure in Japanese and how do you know the correct order?

Let’s say we have “この建物にいいレストランがあります”。Why does “建物に“come before “レストランが”?How do you know in what order the words are to be said and does it matter?
2
votes
2answers
187 views

Verb in ている form ends with しまう

I'm confused by this sentence: わたしが答える前に急いで川のふちへ歩いていってしまった。 Before I answered he had hurriedly walked to the river side???. 歩いている means walking i.e. progressive form but しまう denotes ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Can は be used to mean “at least” [duplicate]

As Noguchi walks away from the girls he overhears them whispering something. The narrator says: すると五メートルは離れていたはずなのに、野口さんがピクっと立ち止まった。 And then, even though they expected him to be five metres away,...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Is 去年に grammatical?

I know the rules regarding when to use に with time expressions and when not to. Or at least, I thought I knew the rules. But I watched an ANN news item about Tsukiji market today, and at one point the ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Can't wrap my mind around this sentence

I'm sorry I can't provide a more specific headline, but it's the overall meaning or the structure of the sentence that I'm struggling with. It's from a manga (Plunderer, vol. 4). Here's the context: ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

What is the うち in 使っていくうちに?

The following excerpt is taken from a conversation with my language partner: 「てform の使{つか}い方{かた}」* を読{よ}みました。このように書{か}いてあると、難{むずか}しく感{かん}じますね。 私{わたし}たちが「てform」を使うとき、「この動詞{どうし}は意志{いし}を表{あらわ}すから」...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together?

long-time lurker, am hoping that I can get some help on something I came upon a tweet which has this particular sentence "みなさんのパフォーマンスは通して聞くことでより魅力的..." I am perplexed by how 通して聞く are used together....
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Does this ところ bear the meaning of “thing” here?

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/XIK9pCk/img-20171020-0001-new.pdf#page=2 The sentence in question is taken from line 31-32: チャイム?あっ, 発車ベルのことですね。少しうるさいところもあるかもしれませんが、日本の乗り物には、...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Extracting from, and introducing to Universe of Discourse using は and が with こそあど-demonstratives

Consider the following: このりんご( は / が )食べないでください。 Person A: どちらが東ですか。  Person B: こちら( は / が )東です。 Workbook answers are は for 1. and が for 2. In 1., I would expect the person to be ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

What's the grammar behind 〜がいなくて寂しい

I can't understand how いる+寂しい means miss something like in 君がいなくて寂しいよ。
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました ?

Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました? Thank you :D
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Difference between “verb(past) + こと + ある” and “verb + ている”

I always translate ている as "have verb (past participle)" when refering to resultant state. But that current meaning can also be brought upon by past tense of verb combined together with こと and ある. ...
2
votes
2answers
437 views

Usage of に to indicate purpose

I'm trying to understand the use of に as a particle to indicate the purpose of someone moving to another place to do something. For example, lets say that I want to say "I'm going home to eat dinner." ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

What does 「そうもいかなくて」 mean in this sentence?

This comes from 新完全マスター読解N2: でも、現実にはなかなかそうもいかなくて、目の前にあるのは希望とはまったく違うものだけれども、転職するのも大変だから、いやいや会社に通っているという人も多いでしょう。 Seems like it may mean something like "it's not like that"? What are the words/...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

What's the difference among とばかりに, (と言わ)んばかりにand かのごとく?

Hi what's the difference between these three forms?. I have made some research but they all seem to mean "As if". In the specific, とばかりに appears to mean "As to say", (と言わ)んばかりに "As he/she wanted to ...
2
votes
1answer
644 views

Different ways to say even

I wanted to say: I don't use Skype. I'm so old fashioned that I don't even have a mobile (cell) phone. This is what I went for: Skypeを使いません。携帯もないほどなかなか懐古的なのです。 Please correct me if any this is ...