Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
231 views

Cannot understand this passage

ランサーが深海からとってきた「ダイオウグソクムシ」を見てそのワキャワキャさにドン引きし、ランサーから「お前さんとこの竜牙兵もワキャワキャしてるじゃねえか」と言われて。 ワキャワキャさ:I can't find anything on this. I found that わきゃ means 私の, but I don't get the meaning of the sentence like ...
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157 views

Is the の in this question seeking an explanation or changing the verb into a noun-like?

So in the question sentences: 誰が盗んだのか キミが選んだことだろう? In (1.), I thought that the の there is seeking an explanation. But I found another sentence (2.) and I know that こと can follow a verb and 物 ...
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1answer
219 views

proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
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123 views

Use of より in this sentence

調理用のアルミボウルを用いて、より半球に近づけるためにゴム製ハンマーでひたすらたたき続けた。 Using aluminum foil, (より?) to make it hemispherical, a rubber hammer was repeatedly tapped. If not for comparison, what is the purpose of より?
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161 views

「たとえ + ても」 vs just 「ても」, what is the role of たとえ? Is it just emphasis or something more?

「たとえ + ても」 vs just 「ても」, what is the role of たとえ? Is it just emphasis or something more?
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1answer
132 views

“Where” construction; grammar question

I'm beginning my study of Japanese grammar and am unclear as to the difference between the following interrogative structures. Is one more correct than the other in asking where something specific is? ...
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616 views

Why is this sentence grammatically incorrect?

On a separate question about Japanese pitch, one of the examples I left was: '甘美(うまみ)の花は赤を見える' (Your flower looks red [talking to Umami]). One of the commenters claimed that it was grammatically ...
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1answer
392 views

What does 望むところだ mean?

I've seen the expression 望むところだ twice in manga (both times spoken by a very rough speaking male character). The context of the situations (the character who spoke was just threatened or warned in both ...
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1answer
550 views

How to analyze それが元で?

I understand the meaning of this phrase, but I have a hard time understanding how it's constructed. In phrases like それで or というわけで you have a noun plus the particle で. This looks superficially similar,...
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1answer
124 views

Use of たら in この権益の擁護には真剣たらざるを得ない

たら is a grammar structure which means if...then. But what does たら mean in this sentence? この権益の擁護には真剣たらざるを得ない The sentence means We must be serious about defending this interest What is the ...
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1answer
1k views

Why use 分 in this question?

I have come across the following sentence : そのダンボールゴミに出す分ですか? I understand it means something like "Are you throwing out this cardbox?". But what does 分 mean in this context and why is it at that ...
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2answers
312 views

Why do some Japanese questions end with 〜ないか?

I was watching clips of “Art of Fighting 2” (Original Title: 龍虎の拳2) in Japanese, and I noticed an interesting pattern: When Geese Howard (ギース・ハワード) is talking to Ryou Sakazaki (リョウ・サカザキ) or Robert ...
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134 views

what does としてもだ mean in this sentence?

千枝実に問いた限りでは、「宴」 は極めて危険で悪質な因習だ。 そういう昔話があったとして、過去には実際に私刑を行った歴史があったとしてもだ、普通はもっと無難な祭りとかに形を変えて現代に伝わっているものだろう。 What is the purpose of the だ after the the highlighted としても in the second sentence?
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264 views

Is the で here connecting the two sentences or does it act as a context particle?

Is the で after おかげ a て-form or the context particle? 友達のおかげで、映画はただで見られた。
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404 views

The various uses of いちいち?

I was wondering if you guys could help me understand the adverb いちいち a little better. From my understanding in the following sentence it serves the purpose of "Every single" as in " Because you don't ...
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192 views

Do I have the right idea with ~てきた here?

「日記を書いていたらまさにお腹がすいてきた」 That's the sentence. I believe it'd be, "I am certain to get hungry when I write in my diary." I'm just not entirely sure I'm right simply because the it is きた instead of くる, ...
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174 views

Is this sentence correct? courtesy/honorific use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use "を" as if ...
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2answers
2k views

Sentence ending に and のに compared to their non-sentence-ending form

Consider these: [A] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来ただろうに [B] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来たのに Is に in [A] related to the case particle に? Is のに in [B] related to the use of のに as a conjunction in mid-sentence?...
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605 views

What is the difference between Vてはじめる and はじめてV meaning?

例えば: 1.子供のとき、コーヒーをはじめて飲みました。 2.子供のとき、コーヒーを飲んではじめました。 I think both mean "When I was a child, I started/tried to drink coffee." And how do I say "I drink coffee for the first time"?
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How to distinguish between う/よう of volition and suggestion?

Reading a lesson on 国語文法.com, I'm having difficulty telling 意志 from 勧誘. E.g. 「今度こそ成績をあげよう。」 is stated is that of volition (意志). However, why can't it be "(I suggest you to) improve your grades!"? ...
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179 views

What is the うち in 使っていくうちに?

The following excerpt is taken from a conversation with my language partner: 「てform の使{つか}い方{かた}」* を読{よ}みました。このように書{か}いてあると、難{むずか}しく感{かん}じますね。 私{わたし}たちが「てform」を使うとき、「この動詞{どうし}は意志{いし}を表{あらわ}すから」...
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263 views

Ending sentences with というか / ていうか

For e.g. 安心するていうか。I saw this in an interview where the person expressed relief that a certain place was available. Is there any nuance with just saying 安心する? This is one thing I can never seem to get....
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96 views

Meaning of まで in 地下3階まであります

東京都多摩市で26日午後2時ごろ、つくっているビルが火事になって、5人が亡くなりました。ビルは3階建てで、地下3階まであります。 Around 2 o'clock on the afternoon of the 26th in 多摩市 5 people died when a building which was under construction caught fire. It's a ...
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Extracting from, and introducing to Universe of Discourse using は and が with こそあど-demonstratives

Consider the following: このりんご( は / が )食べないでください。 Person A: どちらが東ですか。  Person B: こちら( は / が )東です。 Workbook answers are は for 1. and が for 2. In 1., I would expect the person to be ...
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The use of なんというお名前ですか?

Basically, I've been corrected on Lang-8 that [あなたの名前はですか] should be changed to [なんというお名前ですか], or [あなたの名前何といいますか]. After a quick search around, I found that なんという means how as in [how [beautiful]]. I ...
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2answers
975 views

はずもない、はずはない、はずがない. Difference and meaning

Today listening a song I've heard something I can't understood だけどなれるはずもなくて So i started to gather information about this, but it gets me more confused and furthermore found out two more はずはない ...
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121 views

How is 高めの used and constructed?

example sentence: コレステロールが高めの方の食品 I'd like to know how 高めの is made (verb stem + no?) and how it should be used. I'm guessing the example sentence means "food which heightens your cholesterol". Does 方 ...
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2answers
173 views

Why is そんなに the best answer in「(いくら・そんなに・どんなに)笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。」?

Consider the following question from 新完全マスター文法 (N3): ( )笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。 a いくら b そんなに c どんなに According to the theory associated with the exercise: いくら should be followed by ~ても/~...
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240 views

What does の apply to after a list of items with と?

I've looked around, but I couldn't find an answer for this question. Here's the example phrase that I'm trying to translate that I pulled from a light novel: せりとレタスとキャベツの違い I'm not sure whether ...
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1answer
529 views

Difference between のに and というのに

I have already looked at this question but it didn't really help my understanding. I have the following sentence: 家来たちがそれぞれ自分の荷物を持ち上げて帰る用意をしているというのに、彦一{ひこいち}はなにも入っていない風呂敷{ふろしき}をたたんでふところにしまいました。 My ...
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581 views

Is Mierareru the potential form of Mieru?

The verb mieru appears to be able to conjugate to mierareru (potential form). If it is so, what is the meaning of mierareru and how is it different from mieru? To my knowledge mieru = "can see". So ...
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133 views

送ってくれた : Why is both “sending” and “giving” being used together here?

I encountered the sentence: 両親が私にはがきを送ってくれた。 I understand that: 送って translates to a verb meaning "to send", or I assume in this case "sending" due to the "te-form" being used. I also understand ...
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1answer
199 views

Can't wrap my mind around this sentence

I'm sorry I can't provide a more specific headline, but it's the overall meaning or the structure of the sentence that I'm struggling with. It's from a manga (Plunderer, vol. 4). Here's the context: ...
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232 views

Double negative in sentence “一人くらいは来てくれるんじゃないかな…”

I was wondering about the translation of this sentence: (一人くらいは来てくれるんじゃないかな...) What I see is a double negative and a question. Does someone know if the double negative and question are used to save ...
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1answer
282 views

Question about ね

Once I read that the sentence ending particle "ね" is not only used when we are asking for an agreement or expressing our agreement, but it is also used when we are talking about our experience, our ...
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56 views

Syntax of this sentence

From Line 11: https://www.docdroid.net/847v2dg/img-20170413-0001-new.pdf.html 地図Bは南北を上下ではなく、左右に置いて、作ったものである。 I understand the sentence as follows: "Concerning map B, it is the card he made north and ...
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1answer
88 views

闘わずして勝つ vs. 闘わずに勝つ

The following is said immediately after the protagonist wins without having to fight, as he previously stated he would: 闘わずして勝つってな I said I'll win without fighting. I would have expected the ...
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2answers
173 views

Verb in ている form ends with しまう

I'm confused by this sentence: わたしが答える前に急いで川のふちへ歩いていってしまった。 Before I answered he had hurriedly walked to the river side???. 歩いている means walking i.e. progressive form but しまう denotes ...
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Te form + はいる question [duplicate]

Watching street commotion from a long distance at night, the vision is blurry: それは見えてはいるけれど、見えていないという状態だ。 My guess is that it translates into "you can call it a situation where (things) can both ...
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635 views

Different ways to say even

I wanted to say: I don't use Skype. I'm so old fashioned that I don't even have a mobile (cell) phone. This is what I went for: Skypeを使いません。携帯もないほどなかなか懐古的なのです。 Please correct me if any this is ...
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431 views

Problems with そうです in this sentence

留守番電話に伝言入れたのに、それを 聞かなかったそうです 。 So, the problem I have is the following: In my textbook, I learned that ます-stem + そうです means "to seem", like "雨が降りそうです。" Then, dictionary form + そうです means hearsay, ...
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168 views

Which grammar rules are applied when でいい is conjugated to nouns?

"ここに名前を書くだけでいいですか?" means "Is it ok to just write [my] name here?" I'm confused about where でいい comes from. http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/must#part5 is about conjugating ていい /でいい to ...
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1answer
111 views

How is the past tense in this sentence translated?

I'm studying Japanese adjectives right now, and I see that adjectives can be formed to refer to past tense. For example, 自転車は楽だったです。 So, I'm trying to understand a little bit better how the ~だった ...
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0answers
115 views

Can は be used to mean “at least” [duplicate]

As Noguchi walks away from the girls he overhears them whispering something. The narrator says: すると五メートルは離れていたはずなのに、野口さんがピクっと立ち止まった。 And then, even though they expected him to be five metres away,...
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1answer
1k views

What's the difference between “な感じ” and “という感じ” when written after quotation marks?

な感じ was crossed out and replaced with という感じ in a sentence that I wrote that was similar to this one: その文には「それは私にはもったいない」 な感じ という感じ があると思う。 I think that sentence has a feeling of "that's more than ...
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1answer
885 views

Acceptability of 〜ようとしよう vs. 〜ことにしよう

Question from pg. 55 of 新完全マスター: あさっては大雨【おおあめ】が降【ふ】るそうだよ。ハイキングは来週【らいしゅう】( )。 The choices available are: a. 行【い】こうとしようよ b. 行【い】くことにしようよ c. 行【い】くようになろうよ According to the textbook, the ...
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1answer
356 views

How does 別に function as an adverb?

I know that 別に means "not particularly" sometimes, but what is its role in this sentence? 別に山田の私服を見るのは、はじめてってわけじゃないんだけどな。 I assume it means something like "it's not exactly the first time I've seen ...
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2answers
220 views

Direct objects of motion verbs and help with the difference between を and に

まちをぶらぶらあるく。 English translation: Walk aimlessly through town. I understand that aimlessly walk takes the object town and that’s why we use を, but wouldn’t it make more sense to use に as the town is ...
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1answer
6k views

“No ga” … — what's this grammar rule?

What are the grammar rules here? 何【なに】をするのが好き【すき】ですか? Nani wo suru no ga suki desu ka? Why "no ga"? Why before "suki"? Where can I read about this?
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2answers
913 views

Natural Usage of けれども

In this question before, I tried to produce examples of the usage of けれども (けど, けども). These are those examples: 犬{いぬ}がほえているけれども、だれか外{そと}にいるんじゃない? この地方{ちほう}は寒{さむ}いと聞{き}いたけれども、本当{ほんとう}に毎日{まいにち}冷{ひ}え込{こ}...