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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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895 views

In だったっけ, why is the second “っ”(tsu) used when it can't be connected to “け”(ke)?

From what I understand, っ is used to "double" the "t" sound, so in だった it makes sense because it's pronounced "datta", but why is it used in the second part of the phrase? Full sentence: "...
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About …ほど constructions

Here, I already asked about a sentence containing a ほど construction, and chocolate was so kind to give me a nice, comprehensive answer :=) ("Issues with this sentence") However, a follow up question ...
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Questions about comparatives

I have two questions that I think are quite related regarding the interpretation of comparatives. 1. Is it necessary to include a より or a 方 expression to convey a comparative? Suppose you are having ...
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Grammar behind a train transfer announcement

An example of a regular announcement on a train: 次は本町 本町 中央線 御堂筋線 は お乗り換えです My main concern here is the second は (in bold). It does not seem to be a topic marker, it does not seem to be a binding ...
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Why 食べるなり rather than 食べたなり?

私は作った料理を一口食べるなり、父は変な顔をした The action 'to eat' is before the obvious change on the father. In the clause '父は変な顔をした', the verb changes into た形. Why is the front phrase '食べるなり', not '食べたなり’?
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Use of particle や with も

I was reading a textbook and found this sentence: 海や山もあれるそうです。 I don't understand what the や is doing there with も. The full piece where it comes from is: あさっての夕方ごろからくずれるそうです。気温も下がるそうです。...
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594 views

Must I use past tense before 後?

From this page, I see this sentence: Note: Be careful of the tense of the verb that comes before 「前」 and 「後」. 「前」 is non-past while 「後」 is always past tense. I am confused because it is quite ...
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The nuance of 得る compared with ~ば

Japanese 以下の文を比較すると、 でき得るならば、独立して事業を始めたい。 できれば、独立して事業を始めたい。 意味が同じですか?どう違いますか?すみませんが、説明して頂けませんか? English If we compare the following two sentences: でき得るならば、独立して事業を始めたい。 できれば、...
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Question about もらう

As I learned, we can use もらう like this 「私は彼女に弁当を作ってもらいました。」, where noun before に(から) - giver and は(etc.) - reciever. But I saw sentence like 「もっとも・・・・・・そんな風になっちまった以上は、因縁なんざ意味がないだろう。悪いが俺に譲ってもらうぜ」 ...
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Is this sentence indirect passive?

昔、ある月刊誌で書評を頼まれたことがある。 Some time ago, I was asked to do a book review by a certain monthly magazine. Am I correct in my understanding that when a passive verb conjugation takes an object then you ...
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なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの?

なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの? For me, なくちゃいけないの sounds like double negative being used here.
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What does 今からしようとしてたところよ mean?

Ran into this line in something I was reading. From my understanding, a volitional verb + とする means "to try to do something," so I suppose 今からしようとしている might mean "I'm trying to do it now" or "I'm ...
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Use of たら in この権益の擁護には真剣たらざるを得ない

たら is a grammar structure which means if...then. But what does たら mean in this sentence? この権益の擁護には真剣たらざるを得ない The sentence means We must be serious about defending this interest What is the ...
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How to denote the object and the subject of potential form verbs clearly?

The source in where I studied told me that you mark the object of potential form with が particle instead of を particle because potential form is just a state, no actual action is taken. It ...
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Sentence ending に and のに compared to their non-sentence-ending form

Consider these: [A] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来ただろうに [B] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来たのに Is に in [A] related to the case particle に? Is のに in [B] related to the use of のに as a conjunction in mid-sentence?...
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551 views

How to analyze それが元で?

I understand the meaning of this phrase, but I have a hard time understanding how it's constructed. In phrases like それで or というわけで you have a noun plus the particle で. This looks superficially similar,...
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163 views

「たとえ + ても」 vs just 「ても」, what is the role of たとえ? Is it just emphasis or something more?

「たとえ + ても」 vs just 「ても」, what is the role of たとえ? Is it just emphasis or something more?
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Understanding 〜たら良いか〜

The sentence 何と言ったら良いか分かりません means "I don't know what I should say." But what is the literal translation of this sentence? What is the purpose of the か in 良いか?
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Which phrase structure is okay to use?

I wonder if is it okay to use all the below structures in a conversation? Is there any structure I should avoid using? The phrase in this case is I ate fried chicken. わたしは フライドチキンをたべた。 “I fried ...
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Cannot understand this passage

ランサーが深海からとってきた「ダイオウグソクムシ」を見てそのワキャワキャさにドン引きし、ランサーから「お前さんとこの竜牙兵もワキャワキャしてるじゃねえか」と言われて。 ワキャワキャさ:I can't find anything on this. I found that わきゃ means 私の, but I don't get the meaning of the sentence like ...
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Is the の in this question seeking an explanation or changing the verb into a noun-like?

So in the question sentences: 誰が盗んだのか キミが選んだことだろう? In (1.), I thought that the の there is seeking an explanation. But I found another sentence (2.) and I know that こと can follow a verb and 物 ...
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proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
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Can うちは mean the same thing as うちに?

Tell me please in the sentence below, can うちは means the same as うちに? Or it's just うち like "we" ? Thank you very much for help!
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Trouble with translation 「アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。」

Reading a newspaper article I came across a sentence which gives me multiple troubles... 昨春に始まったツアーは日米や東南アジアなど13カ国・地域で140万人を集める見通し。アジア人歌手では過去最大級となる。 Regarding では, would it be correct to treat it ...
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Why is it なくて and not ないで

お金が足りなくて、本が買えませんでした。 Shouldn't it be: お金が足りないで、本が買えませんでした。
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Use of “いかん” in the following sentences

とは思うのだが、口に出すわけにもいかんか。My personal translations would be these: Those are my thoughts on that (previous statement), so I might as well say it out loud. and 出動後はそうはいかんぞ。。。 "but after they move out, ...
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と particle usage - am I understanding it correctly?

These two sentences don't seem to fit to the grammar rules on と that I've been able to dig up so far: ぼんやりとした意識{いしき}のまま窓{まど}に視線{しせん}をやると、とっくに日が昇{のぼ}っていた。 This form seems to fit と as an 'if/when' ...
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What is 所があるじゃない in this context?

In this sentence (from a manga), what does 所があるじゃない stand for? I don't seem to understand the grammar behind it. それにしても鬼灯尹も結構可愛い所があるじゃないか。 (I mean, I know about 所が meaning however, 所がある meaning '...
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Indicating time in Japanese: に、は、or no particle?

This is my first question on Japanese Stackexchange. よろしくお願いします! The following example sentence made me wonder about the placement of particles after time expresssions: 先生は週末は何をしますか。 I came up with ...
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「ある」と「ない」は動詞か形容詞か…

「ある」と「ない」はどんな品詞名か教えてください。​​​​​
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confusing usage of でも

a high school student walks into a confection store and after ordering some sweets, the female attendant with whom he is familiar with says: スイーツを? 彼女でもできたんでしょう~? she later sees him off by saying: ...
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What does か at the end of the headline signify? [duplicate]

米追加関税第4弾 3805品目対象、スマホも 措置発動は6月下旬以降か I understand this as, "The USA has added additional tarrif/tax on 3805 articles/products (according to bullet point 4), which includes smartphones. To be put into ...
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284 views

Using two or more quotes

How would one combine two or more quotes together? In English we just do something like "He said 'Quote A', 'Quote B' and 'Quote C'". In chat, snailboat gave these possibilities: 「Quote A」「Quote B」...
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How are で and ばかりused in this expression?

来年は是非明るい年でありますように願うばかりです I hope that the next year will be great for you Why is で used in 年であります? Is であります an older form of です? Also, what would the ばかり translate to here? I thought maybe it could be ...
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How do I add an object to noun を します verbs?

When you want to associate a noun を します action (what English-speakers would call "verbing a noun") with a specific noun, what particles are used and where? For example, if I was saying "I study", you ...
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Use of を with 進める

2020年の開業に向けて、JR東日本が東京の山手線の品川駅と田町駅の間で建設を進めている新しい駅の工事現場が、初めて報道関係者に公開されました。 The construction site of a new station, that JR are progressing between the Yamanote and Tamachi stations with the aim of a ...
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Why is に used in 若者が元気に溢れている?

Why is に used in a sentence like this? 若者が元気に溢れている I thought it was: 若者に元気が溢れている I know に is used as an indirect object marker. Could someone tell me the difference between direct and indirect ...
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Does this と mean “and” or “with”?

Recenly, with Facebook's new "feed" feature, whatever the heck that is, I've been seeing this notification coming up a lot: [Friend One]さんと[Friend Two]さんがフィード購読{こうどく}を許可{きょか}しています。 I have to admit,...
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Do the adverbial forms of verbs and nouns exist?

I know there are adverbial forms of: adjectives (Adj), 形容詞{けいようし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 早い→早く); adjectival nouns (AdjN), 形容動詞{けいようどうし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 上手だ→上手に). Are there adverbial forms of nouns (名詞{...
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(をする) and (がする). Meanings and Uses

What does (をする) and (がする). Sometime ago I read on site something I dont remember, but I got confused because the use of 勉強がする, but I just knew the existence of 勉強をする. So actually Im pretty confused. ...
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Joining adjectives with し before a noun

A recent question asked about joining two adjectives together. It used the following example: (example 1) きれいで静かな町 As I understand it, this is the combination of the 連用形 of きれいだ with the 連体形 of ...
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VたにはVた VS VるにはVた

Has I read in this question What is the meaning of 「読むには読んだ」?, the form vるにはvた is used and correct. However, when speaking with some Japanese friends I noticed that they are more likely to use ...
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The difference between “Okiniiri no” and “Ichiban suki na”

My text book has the following examples: Ichiban suki na nomimono wa mizu desu. My favorite drink is water. Okiniiri no tabemono wa piza desu. My favorite food is pizza. What's the ...
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Use of 以上 and 以下 with negative numbers

On the temperature in eastern Russia: 気温がいつもの年より10℃以上低い-50℃以上になっている所がたくさんあります。 There are many places that have reached less than -50℃, which is 10℃ lower than usual years. Firstly, I was ...
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201 views

function of the particle も in 「~も辞さない」

I came across the sentence「訴訟も辞さない」in a book today and even though I am able to understand its meaning, I can't figure out the actual function of も in this case. I looked into my grammar dictionary ...
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Can someone please help me understand the structure of this sentence?

ようやくきたかって感じでした I'm assuming ようやく is 踊躍 and きた is from 来る but I'm not really sure what the meaning of the sentence is.
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Why use 分 in this question?

I have come across the following sentence : そのダンボールゴミに出す分ですか? I understand it means something like "Are you throwing out this cardbox?". But what does 分 mean in this context and why is it at that ...
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393 views

What does 望むところだ mean?

I've seen the expression 望むところだ twice in manga (both times spoken by a very rough speaking male character). The context of the situations (the character who spoke was just threatened or warned in both ...
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123 views

Use of より in this sentence

調理用のアルミボウルを用いて、より半球に近づけるためにゴム製ハンマーでひたすらたたき続けた。 Using aluminum foil, (より?) to make it hemispherical, a rubber hammer was repeatedly tapped. If not for comparison, what is the purpose of より?
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what is this で in this sentence

In the examplatory phrases of my grammar, there is this sentence. 本当の研究発表のつもりで、みんなの前ではなしてください。 "Please talk in front of everybody as if it was a real presentation of your new research." I'd just ...