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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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3answers
370 views

Difference between 必死で走る and 必死に走る

I understand that in these expressions the に isn't a particle (I think it indicates the adverbial form of a na-adjective) but I'm not sure what で is: 必死に走る run like crazy 必死で走る run like hell ...
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493 views

How does 一目 work in this sentence?

Trying to make sense of this sentence: 自分は死ぬ前に一目{ひとめ}思う女に逢{あ}いたいと云った。 Daijirin lists 一目 as a noun. However, it doesn't connect with 思う according to normal rules (there is no particle). To connect ...
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396 views

Ellipsis: does this と=として, what is the relevant verb in this extract?

The following is attributed to フジテレビHP/経済新聞. I wonder if someone could explain the grammar around the と? (I think it might be an "abbreviation" of として but it is very difficult to find an explanation ...
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674 views

ぶん after a standard form verb vs ほど or くらい

I came across an example like this: 頼り無さげに 見られるぶん;生徒達に慕って もらえるのは 素直に嬉しい tayorinasage ni mirareru bun; seitotachi ni shitatte moraeru no wa sunao ni ureshii After searching several grammar ...
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403 views

Difference between [Noun]する vs [Noun]をする vs [Noun]だ

I've never really understand the difference between these 3 structures : ものすごいスピードで攻撃したのですが... ものすごいスピードでの攻撃をしたのですが... ものすごいスピードでの攻撃だったのですが... I wouldn't be surprised if the first 2 were ...
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Is it okay to use お願いします when asking your teacher for help?

When asking a teacher for help, is it okay to use お願いします? For example, asking to check my homework: 宿題をチェックしてお願いします。 To me, "Please check my homework." sounds kind of rude. Would saying ...
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391 views

Is を[noun]に, as in を条件に, a common construct?

I was a little confused by the following sentence because 条件 is a regular noun, but looking at examples I see that it means "on the condition of [object]": 財政危機におちいっているギリシャは、 緊縮を条件に、...
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301 views

“You and I both know full well” = 「二人ともよく知っている」?

I'm writing a section of a relay manga for Hokkaido University's Manga Research Society. How you do you express "You and I both know full well..." and "our actual skills" in formal お嬢様っぽい Japanese? ...
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342 views

Causative, causative-passive and particles

俺一人に琥珀さんと翡翠をかまわせているのも申し訳ないから、とりあえず二人にはもとの仕事に戻ってもらった。 I am pretty sure it's the causative form here since the causative-passive would require 俺一人 to be marked with は. I am not sure why 俺一人 is marked ...
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183 views

Grammatically correct but good writing?

The following sentence comes from 中上級の日本語 magazine for february: 新聞記事は、記者がコツコツと取材をしてデータを集め、それをもとに出来事を調べたり、関係者の話を聞いたりして書かれています。 It is grammatically correct but I find the change from active to ...
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584 views

「んだ」の使い方について質問させていただきます

I would like to ask you a question about the usage of んだ. I know that it can be used to explain a situation, but I have noticed it can be used to bring up a topic as well, is it true? I heard the ...
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1k views

Difference between してこのかた and して以来

These two grammar points seem to be synonymous. Apart from formality このかた being maybe an older expression, are there any significant differences in meaning between these two. For example, is there ...
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507 views

How to say “ever” in this context

I want to say: I don't think cats are ever friendly. The only "ever" I know is using ことがある but that doesn't seem appropriate. My attempt without the "ever" is: 猫が友好的じゃないものと思います。 Btw, have I ...
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What is the meaning of 売るほうも売るほうなら、買うほうも買うほうだ。 [duplicate]

I found this grammar structure N1もN1なら、N2もN2だ My book explanation says that it means both N1&N2 are terrible. They provide this example of usage. 子どもが子どもなら、親も親だ。 Now, there is also this ...
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Usage of の as nominalizer

Cheers. Some days ago I've been trying to get used in how to use の as nominalizer, but I cant get it even yet. I cant get the part where の changes the sentence into a noun. e.g ブログを読むのが好きです My ...
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225 views

The purpose of an auxiliary verb あげる

It is a very basic question that up to now I don't quite understand. あげる just gives additional information about the direction of action. Because 貸す provides direction of action clearly, I think あげる ...
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448 views

Combining two い-adjectives without using て

In the JLU chat, Flaw recently typed up some instructions printed on a Japanese product. Here's what they said: 直射日光の当たらない涼しい所に保管してください It appears that 所 is modified by two phrases: 直射日光の当たらない "...
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773 views

Interpreting active/passive voice in Japanese

As this game is selling well, I plan to buy one too. How would we express this in Japanese? よくうれているようだから よくうられているようだから Would the above sentence be interpreted as an active or passive ...
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Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things that ...
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783 views

Grammar of 彼の日本語のレベルは私と同じくらいだ

I'm Jeroen, from the Netherlands and I'm currently learning Japanese. I'm using Anki, and it's a great tool, and I came across this sentence in the Japanese Core 2000 #1 set: 彼{かれ}の日本語{にほんご}のレベルは私{...
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190 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
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1answer
419 views

A different way to join i-adjectives

I originally learned that i-adjectives are joined with くて e.g. 長くて、赤い魚が欲しい。 I want a long, red fish. Recently I've come across a couple of examples where the two adjectives are joined together ...
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415 views

Can ごとに be replaced by それぞれ in this question?

正月は家ごとに門松を立てる。 For example, could I say 正月はそれぞれの家に門松をたてる。 If so, the meaning remains the same, or are there any subtle nuances that comes with each word? It seems to me, whenever i see sentences ...
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441 views

What does とか mean in this sentence?

It's from one of the Gaki no Tsukai Batsu Game shows: 被ったらあかんとか知らなかった I think I have a general idea of what it does. I think it's similar to "のか" in: 彼らは何を言ってるのかわかりません These particles seem to ...
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Should I use ~てきた or ~て来た?

In the examples below 彼は私のところに荷物を送ってきた。 彼は私のところに荷物を送って来た。 荷物が私のところに送られてきた。 荷物が私のところに送られて来た。 would it be better to use the termination/set phrase てきた? (no kanji) because this is changing ...
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Meaning of ~と言えよう

Just as the title says, I'm looking for the meaning of this construction, as it is used in the following sentence: 野菜や果物の害虫を防ぐために、さまざまな農薬が使われているが、これは人間の健康の面から考えると、問題があると言えよう。
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甲斐 (かい) usage in present tense

I've normally seen it being used in past tense, e.g. 「我慢した―があった」 However, I'm not sure how to correctly interpret a sentence like: 「生きている―がない」 I've come across this definition: 期待できるだけの値うち。 ...
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435 views

How to say “A wants B to keep away from C.”?

I want to say A wants B to keep away from C. (A is a third person) My attempt is as follows, AはBにCを遠ざけてほしがっている。 Is it correct? Unnatural? Any comment and suggestion is really appreciated.
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462 views

Usage of 以前 here

From conversation in an anime (へうげもの、第15話): (古田佐助) 遠く南蛮に至るまで小さきが良いなどと聞いたこともございませぬ。 (千宗易) 茶頭である以前に、しがない魚問屋にすぎぬ私ですらわかるのです。いずれ皆にも伝わることでしょう。(字幕) Is it 以前 ② or ③ from here? I'm confused because ③ ...
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138 views

Nuance of ないようにしないと and a potential relative clause

I have a following line from a manga せめてお願いをする / あの子たち以外には できるだけ迷惑をかけないようにしないと which of course means punctuation is lacking, hence / to indicate where a line break was, which might indicate ...
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265 views

How to understand 余りと and 以降最も多くなった。

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20180127/k10011304581000.html The sentence in question: 日本で働く外国人労働者は去年127万人余りと、統計を取り始めた平成20年以降最も多くなったことが厚生労働省のまとめでわかりました。 My attempt at translation:...
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Describing a person by applying a modifier to their name 〜ような《名前》

In a fictional story about yakuza member Sahei there was a scene of a duel and the following phrase was used: まさかこんな相手に斬られるような左兵衛ではございません。 Clearly it means "Sahei wouldn't lose to such an opponent"...
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589 views

Differences between listing particles と, や and に

Consider the following: A, B and C came: AとBとCが来た AやBやCが来た AにBにCが来た What do I need to consider when deciding which of the three (と, や, に) to use? I think a large portion is determined by the type ...
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436 views

When to use するほうがいい instead of したほうがいい in order to mean “Should do”?

So, I was in hello talk writing about how eating ramen everyday might not be healthy: (I will number the sentences) 1 - ...だから、時々ラーメンを食べたほうがいいね Then, a native speaker corrected my sentence to: ...
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188 views

は with 好き exception?

I'm studying japanese, and found this phrase: 漢字を書くのが嫌いだけど読むのは好きです。 I was thought that the particle that is always with 好き is が but in this case is は, is there an explanation for this???
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577 views

Using 「点」 vs 「所」 vs 「箇所」to refer to a point in a document, description, etc

When referring to previous document (manual, email, etc.) or a previous statement/reply I'm not sure of the difference between using 「点」, 「所」 and 「箇所」. I would want to say something along the lines ...
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1answer
977 views

What's the difference between こそ and さえ in 「忙しくて昼ごはんを食べる時間___ない」

I don't know which to choose: 忙しくて昼ごはんを食べる時間さえない or 忙しくて昼ごはんを食べる時間こそない The explanation in my textbook is given in such a way that I can't understand the difference: It says こそ "expresses ...
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1answer
483 views

What does どういった mean in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the Jewish by ...
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1answer
205 views

Different nuances in meaning for なら sentences

I've looked at previous posts made on conditionals but still have a bit of trouble with なら. I was hoping someone could tell me the differences in meaning/nuance between the following sentences. The ...
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140 views

How to use both causative and て欲しい grammar at the same time?

I want to say the following in Japanese. I want the police officer to make the dog bite the snatcher. My attempt is as follows. 私は警察官に犬にひったくりを噛ませて欲しい。 Is it correct? Is it possible to use just ...
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1answer
203 views

What verb form is くださねばなるまい

The following is from a mystery manga. The criminal mastermind is lamenting that his accomplice Masumi failed to properly kill Kimisawa. ますみの奴・・・ 最後の最後でしくじったな あの至近距離でよもや急所をはずす ...
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2answers
239 views

「恨んでなどいません」についての文法

日本語 文法教材で見たこの文 「あなたには感謝こそすれ、恨んでなどいません」 の後半の意味と使い方がよくわかりません。 教科書によると、「恨んでなどいません」は I have no ill feelings と翻訳されます。 それは「恨んでいることなどがない」という意味ですか?ここの恨んでは名詞ですか?でも、そうではないと思います。名詞だったら、などありません になると推測します。 ...
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2answers
165 views

What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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1answer
1k views

Use of ことです in this sentence

This is the example sentence: 私の趣味はギターを弾くことです。 My translation - Playing the guitar is my hobby. However, why is it not: '私の趣味はギターを弾きます。’ Basically I don't understand this use of 'ことです'.
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226 views

Question about の

I am having an hard time understanding the difference between のですね and ですね and the difference between のですよね and ですよね. For example, what is the difference between 簡単ですね and 簡単なのですね? Or the difference ...
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1answer
372 views

Help with the meaning of 大絶賛 in this sentence

というわけで、俺は実家で只今大絶賛ひとり暮らし中である。 From what I can tell, the speaker is saying that for reasons mentioned he is living alone at home, but I don't see how 大絶賛 (which means very high praise) affects the ...
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3answers
366 views

The nuance of 得る compared with ~ば

Japanese 以下の文を比較すると、 でき得るならば、独立して事業を始めたい。 できれば、独立して事業を始めたい。 意味が同じですか?どう違いますか?すみませんが、説明して頂けませんか? English If we compare the following two sentences: でき得るならば、独立して事業を始めたい。 できれば、...
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1answer
96 views

How to express two of the same object, but different colors?

For example, I would like to say, "Please wash the white and blue plates." Meaning that there are white plates and blue plates to be washed. (Not plates that contain both the colors blue and white) ...
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1answer
597 views

“The earlier we leave, the earlier we'll arive”-type construction [duplicate]

Was not sure how to title my question because I don't know who to explain such grammar pattern. I came across something like that in Tae Kim's guide: 勉強をすればするほど、頭がよくなるよ。 (The more you study, the ...
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4answers
895 views

In だったっけ, why is the second “っ”(tsu) used when it can't be connected to “け”(ke)?

From what I understand, っ is used to "double" the "t" sound, so in だった it makes sense because it's pronounced "datta", but why is it used in the second part of the phrase? Full sentence: "...