Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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I am confused about nominalisation and the usage of の、こと、物 after verbs and adjectives. Can someone help me?

So I've changed my question in regarding these so called nominalisation and the usage of の, こと, 物。My confusion stems from what I learned or lacked from this specific website that explains about の ...
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Adverbial Clauses

Thinking about sentence structure in Japanese. Given that the simplest sentence in Japanese is a stand-alone verb, would it be valid to say that the rest of the sentence is an adverbial clause, and ...
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Can が be interchanged with を?

I've got a sentence which, I believe, has to be translated in Japanese using "Aの方がC" construction. Anna learns Japanese more (than for example English) Can I translate it as 「アンナは日本語の方をたくさん勉強します」? ...
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Can you use Adjective + たって?

I've got a question regarding the use of the structure ~たって which I've just recently stumbled across. From what I know so far, this is used in the form Verb(neg) + たって, for example: 現金なくたって、...
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What are the grammatically valid sentence structures for Japanese? [closed]

This is a hard to explain question, but if someone found this board through stackoverflow (I guess that happened to many of us) he/she will understand better what I'm asking (moreover if once you had ...
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Understanding use of における

明治【めいじ】時代【じだい】における学校【がっこう】教育【きょういく】について Please help understand the use of ~における. Is it a form of において? Why wouldn't it be a past form then?
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What grammatical strucure is behind 唱えにゃならん and what does it mean?

In the sentance below, what is the grammar behind 唱えにゃならん? これ小僧や、お前は、いずれはわしの代りにお寺でお経を唱えにゃならんのだぞ。 (I thought it was verb stem+にはならない with sound changes but I coudn't find such gramatical structure)
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で used for abstract location?

Consider the sentence: 今度の旅行は全部で何人行きますか。 I would roughly translate it literally to: For this trip, in the domain of "total"(abstract location), how many people will be going?" And then more ...
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What are the と, という, and の doing in this sentence?

「帰ってきました!ただいまー!」声を張り上げて足を踏み入れると、広がるのは地下室という響きとはかけ離れた生活臭のする小部屋だった。 I'm confused as to what と does in this sentence. Is it a quoting particle or conditional? 地下室という響きとは I'm completely lost as to ...
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Meaning of に in ~にできる

これまでの借金を全て帳消しに出来る…!! What is に doing here ?
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usage of 『は』and『が』with adjectives { na-adj and i-adj }

i really had this question in my mind and it caused me a lot of pain. My question is : what is the difference between using ( wa ) and ( ga ) with adjectives ? i got confusion because i studied ...
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Perspective of “億劫にならない” in this statement

顔面偏差値の差か、それとも日頃の行いのせいか、とにかく翔はいつも通り俺の隣でモテまくる。 まあ今に始まった話じゃないけど、翔のヤツこれでよく色々と億劫にならないな。 Context: 翔 is being popular with the ladies at the moment. Maybe its cuz of his good looks, or how he ...
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What do で and ように express here?

For full context: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10011221251000/k10011221251000.html The sentence in question: JR東日本は、新幹線で無線のLANのサービスを始めて、無料でインターネットが利用できるようにすることにしました My problems are the parts ...
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1answer
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Verbs with までに can they work?

I know までに means "by" or "by the time..." And it's used with Time. But I can't help but wonder if I can use it with verbs for example...would this make sense... 行ったまでに.... By the time he came...
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763 views

Using が multiple times in one sentence

If you ask a question, such as 誰がこれが分かる? Is this still grammatical? Is it okay to use two が's in the same sentence?
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Sentence ending with -とでも

Konna ikari ni warawa ga hirumu to demo? In this sentence does that mean, Should I be scared/afraid of this (little) anger? (a humiliation/mocking intent is directed in this sentence) or, Do ...
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Variations in polite negations: ありません, ないです, -ません

Negations that consistently take -ない in the plain form show differences in the polite version: 食べない -> 食べません で(は)ない -> で(は)ありません but 大きくない -> 大きくないです Why the inconsistency? Is it due to history?
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Why ば and ならない in 解決していかねばならない?

技術の革新が環境に与える悪影響についても解決していかねばならない Simultaneously with the innovation of technology concerning negative influence ... Can you explain the grammar behind 解決していかねばならない? I know it has a connection with ...
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は、には、に。。。what is the difference between them?

Can anyone explain the difference between the three sentences below and also the use of the grammar? わたしのがっこう は 日本人の せんせい が います。 わたしのがっこう に 日本人の せんせい が います。 わたしのがっこう には 日本人の せんせい が います。
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になるほど in this sentence

I can not understand very well the meaning of "になるほど" in this sentence, from a Japanese Dragon Ball Guide Book. (合体によるパワーアップは、)2人の戦闘力の合計ではなく、掛け算になるほどの凄まじさ! Is it maybe something similar to the ...
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されている vs. している for certain objective verbs

This has always confused me a bit and the answer might just end up being "it depends," but I was wondering if there's a way to properly evaluate this. For example if I wanted to ask "Is this a shared ...
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Please can someone explain the use of こと and ことに in these sentences?

Can someone explain the use of こと and ことに in these sentences please? しかし、たくさん歩いても、動物を見つけることが出来ません。 However, even though they walked a lot, they were not able to come across any animals. ...
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What is the definition of adjective in japanese?

In this question When can adjectives be used with the particle "no"? I was taught that next in japanese is a noun. In English, the definition of adjective is "A describing word which ...
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How to use こと when expressing the experience of something?

v.。。。ことが。。。。。 How can i talk about the experience of something using こと? 買うことがdきます。 would this be the experience of being able to buy? If you understand my problem please show me more examples!
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What does this な at the end of the sentence mean?

「タッタッタ」って車に乗ってみたいな。 I'd translate the sentence like this: I want to enter/ride in a car that makes 'tatata'. I don't think it's the colloquial version of ような, so I think it is みたい plus な. But in ...
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Why are these particles used here?

The following sentence is from a blog called Nippon Talk: お湯{ゆ}を使{つか}える洗濯機{せんたくき}のパワーに感動{かんどう}した夫{おっと}は、沖縄{おきなわ}旅行{りょこう}から帰{かえ}るとすぐにその洗濯機{せんたくき}についての情報{じょうほう}を調{しら}べ始{はじ}めた。 I'm trying to pick ...
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くれる, あげる, and もらう

Which pair is correct? A 父がお正月に一万円あげました。私は今までに、こんなにたくさんもらったことがなかったので、とてもうれしかったです。 B 父がお正月に一万円くれました。私は今までに、こんなにたくさんくれたことがなかったので、とてもうれしかったです。
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が and けど at end of a sentence

I know that when in a sentence-final position が and けど can be used as softeners or to convey hedging, but in some situations understanding them as such doesn't feel right. Although my brain ...
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Use of どうも in this sentence

彼は、どうも彼女に会いにこの展望台を訪れているようです It seems that he visited the lookout to meet her In terms of どうも, the person in question has already visited her several times and there really isn't much difficulty in ...
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Differences between ways to express obligation?

1) I know that, to express something that you must do, you can use 方{ほう}がいい and, for a stronger feeling, べき. 2) I am also aware you can use conditionals like 〜なくちゃ、〜なきゃ、〜ないと to express that you need ...
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Why is it necessary to add く in the following なる sentence?

This is the full sentence: お酒を飲みすぎると、気持ち悪くなる。 なる here means "to reach a certain state." The rest is easy to translate. The only thing that confuses me is く. What does it mean here and why is it ...
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What is the te-form of 問う?

What is the correct te-form of 問う? Is it 問って or 問うて or both?
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What is the significance of の in 「鳥の詩」?

I've seen it used in many places, and sometimes it feels like a connection between words. For example in 「鳥の詩」 (tori no uta), it looks as if the の is connecting 鳥 (tori) and 詩 (uta), and I would like ...
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Break down the phrase “[失礼]{しつれい}しなければならないんです”

I've just heard the phrase [失礼]{しつれい}しなければならないんです (shitsurei shinakereba naranaindesu) used as Excuse me, I have to leave. The explanation said it literally translates to If I don't leave, it won't ...
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たい form が vs を untangling

This question is posted exactly because it's been answered a few times and various other sources describe it differently as well - varying degree to which one is preferred and why. So far I've come ...
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When is it appropriate to choose にわたって or を通じて in regard to time?

I seem to have a hard time recognizing when to choose either にわたって or を通じて in the following question: この地方は一年(  )暖かく、とても過ごしやすい。 The correct answer is を通じて. My idea is that を通じて would make this say ...
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Meaning of 然 in conjunctions and other grammatical words

Here are a few grammatical words that use 然 according to jisho.org: 然し(しかし) however; but 然して(そして) and; and then; thus; and now; and finally 然うして(そうして) and; like ...
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Question about usage of 「のでは」

In one of the grammar questions for N3, I saw one for which I couldn't understand the reason why のでは is used. この英会話講師のアルバイトに応募したきっかけは、先輩からの紹介です。私の専門は言語学ですので、その知識が生かせる「 」、と思い、応募いたしました。文法に詳しいので、...
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Different ways to report one's impression/guess (~そう/~みたい)

雨が降りそうです 雨が降るみたいです Is there any difference between the two? Which one would be the most common way to say this? このセーターは家で洗えそうです このセーターは家で洗えるみたいです Both these also seem valid, but imo the ...
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Use of に and を with 触れる

The verb 触れる challenges my concept of what を does; to mark a direct object. Consider these uses of 触れる: (人)の頬に指を触れる (Touch a finger to someone's cheek) (人)の頬に手を触れる (Touch someone's cheek with ...
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What is the difference between しないで and しなくて? [duplicate]

I am still not so clear with the difference between '.....しないで.....’ and '....しなくて....' . Could you please explain them for me, and give me some examples?
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Understanding のひとつぐらい in this context

Another question on my favourite hole. An opportunist has offered to buy the hole and rebuild the shrine for the villagers: 村長が答えるさきに、村の者たちが、 「本当かい。それならもっと村の近くがいい。」 「穴のひとつぐらい、あげますよ。」 ...
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Why is this で wrong, and を preferable? 「信号を左です」

日本語 知り合いに道案内していた時に、 次の信号で、左です と言ったら、 次の信号を、左です という言い方のほうがいいと言われました。 「です」は本物の動詞ではありませんし、「を」と繋がっているのは間違いではないのでしょうか。省略された動詞があるという分析のほうがいいのですか?そして、どうして「で」はだめなのですか? English While giving an ...
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Is this は replacing が or を? (& is this 悪 read as あく or わる?)

This is the "sentence": 暴力は悪*だと非難する| condemn violence as evil Sounds simple? The English translation does not give a subject so I wonder are either が or をcorrect if I modify the sentence as ...
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201 views

Using のうちに to construct an adverb

For the full text see here. The fourth line from the bottom of the linked text is: イヤリングをつけ終わると、無意識のうちに、ドアの耳に口をよせた。 When he'd finished attaching the earring he unconsciously put his mouth to the ...
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382 views

can we use ねー as a question?

I've read that people usually change ない to ねー to make it more manly, like: したくないよ becomes したくねーんだ So basically i often heard questions ending with ない but have not heard anyone end a question with ねー ...
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Can I use 行っている間(に) in the sense of a habitual action?

Knowing that 行く is punctual, stative, and a motion verb, I also know that, 日本に行っている means "I/he/she have gone to Japan (and am still there)" rather than "I am currently going to Japan." I also feel ...
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2answers
845 views

Interpretation of 注意する: to warn or to be warned?

I'm uncertain about the usage of 注意する in this sentence from Japanese the Manga Way, Chapter 25 page 198. The context is that a woman has noticed the following message written on the back of her ...
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If writing in である form, when is it necessary to use だ?

I know that the である style of writing is used as a somewhat-formal stylistic choice, often in editorials, and in rare cases, in particular styles of speeches. I remember being taught at some point, ...
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Can one say “A decides that B will do X” with ことにする?

Can one use ことにする to express the idea "A decides that B will do X"? Take the sentence 私は外へ出ることにした. The way I see it, 私 is the subject of both 出る and した, with one usage omitted due to being understood....

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