Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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2
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1answer
229 views

Confused over role of 「自分が」in this particular passage

I'm reading through Ishikawa Taiga's memoir 『僕の彼氏はどこにいる?』, and I've come across a passage that has me quite confused as far as grammatical structure goes, specifically the role of 自分が in following ...
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1answer
195 views

Differences between Wa Nai and Ga Nai?

I first learnt Ga as always attached to Arimasen so still trying to grasp the nuances when changed to a Wa. From my understanding of Wa vs Ga differences, it's just simply a matter of topic vs ...
2
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1answer
108 views

Help with かっていうと

I have read some post about the meaning of かっていうと and i understand it should be read as 2 separate particles i.e. か+っていうと However, I can't seem to understand what the this phrase means in the below ...
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1answer
112 views

新完全マスターN3 drill explanation

The following sentence is marked as wrong: 私は夜遅く帰る代わりに朝早く起きて勉強しています。 However, as I understand it, it can be translated as "On the one hand I come back home late, but on the other hand, I wake up ...
4
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1answer
286 views

comparison between のですから and んだから

Recently I read though the article addressing the question (んだから vs んだ) where it explains the usage of のだから as: 1)話し手も聞き手も知っている事柄に用いられ、「聞き手(あなた)も知ってはいるが、その認識が十分でない」ことを知らせようとする話し手の強い気持ちが入る。 2)...
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1answer
78 views

Can someone help me figure out what 考えを示しましたが is supposed to mean?

This entry is hard to find on the web. I've only found 2 entries: 1)【that以下】という考えを示す reveal one's idea that 2) 考えを示す to state one's opinion 立花氏は来週にもNHKに出向いて受信契約をする考えを示しましたが、「契約する義務はあるが、支払いは義務ではない」...
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When do you use the particles “ga” or “wo” for certain adjectives? [duplicate]

I understand the differences between using "ga" and "wo" for action verbs and static verbs, but what about for adjectives? For example, typically you would say Xが怖い, but I see several cases where it's ...
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1answer
162 views

Trouble understanding 着ていったら

I am having trouble understanding 着ていったら in the following sentence: 明日の夕食会にはどんな服を着ていったら良いですか。 I understand how ~たら is normally used, its more combination with ていっ that seems to be throwing me off. ...
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0answers
91 views

Expressing “huh” tag?

How would you express this type of tag? For example: Lovers, huh? That’s what you think they are? Would って work? 恋人って?そうと思う?
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2answers
315 views

Sentence ending で

I've got a question regarding the sentence ending で in the second sentence. はじめ:まずは腹ごしらえしておこうよ。 たもつ:じゃあ、僕はチーズバーガーで。 Here is で part of a contraction Japanese use in their daily speech? If so what ...
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1answer
91 views

How to say a noun can be an adjective in japanese

My orgional thought for this came from trying to say: various kinds of woman can be beatiful. I got; いろいろな女 は きれいでいられます. As my best guess. I realize rareru or eru can be used for verbs but i dont ...
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1answer
438 views

How to use ~のか accurately? 「体調が悪いのか、顔色があまり良くない。」

Can anyone explain to me the function of のか in this sentence? Is it "I suppose that..." or similar? 彼は、体調が悪いのか、顔色があまり良くない。
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0answers
61 views

Using a question phrase (~か, ~のか) as an adverb

I'm guessing this MUST have been asked here before, but I can't find anything on it. If there's a relevant link please let me know. An example of this is: 髪ときたら 、夕べはふさふさと豊かだったのに、けさはまだシャワーを浴びていないのか、...
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1answer
83 views

How do you use ってこと

I heard in a podcast ってことは、たったままでねるってこと I think it means something like "So that means you can sleep while standing?" but I'm not sure what the ってこと is doing here. The first one I get it's ...
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2answers
287 views

How to say:'It's not like he's dying or anything'?

"別に死ぬあいつはわけじゃないし" I want this to convey a sense of denial
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1answer
78 views

Is て います always used for the present?

I'm so confused. Every book teaches that ます is used for the future, but also for the present. e.g. 肉を食べません 1. I don't eat meat 2. I'm not going to eat meat. But now I think that it has to be ...
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1answer
330 views

What is the general way to say something like “in your room?” without a verb?

For example, 部屋にいました would be "was in your room", but is it possible to say just "in your room" without the verb? Something like 部屋に? Or 部屋で?
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2answers
163 views

Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?
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1answer
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Could anyone tell me about how to use か at the end of the news article I see it a lot and get confused about it all the time

I get confused about it all the time Please explain how to use and how to translate it Thank you for your explanation
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1answer
153 views

からできる vs からできている

These were given as two example sentences on a site and I'm wondering if someone can explain the difference/which is right. スーパーは木曜日にミルクからできている製品のセールをするよ スーパーは木曜日にミルクからできる製品のセールをするよ
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628 views

In Okinawan, what is the ン in ウチナーンチュ?

The Okinawan word for "Okinawa" is ウチナー, for "person" is チュ, and for "Okinawan" (person) is ウチナーンチュ. I'd like to know where this ン comes from between the part for "Okinawa" and the part for "person". ...
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1answer
80 views

What's the difference between には及ばない and までもない?

Both までもない and には及ばない bear the meaning of "there is no need to do something". I know that には及ばない can also means "not reaching a certain level", but besides this case their meaning really seems to be ...
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1answer
86 views

Difference between 〜がち and 〜つい?

If both can express habits like things you tend to do, what is the difference between their uses? examples: イケメン*が通るとつい見ちゃう。 昔の話をしていると話がついつい長くなる。 Why was つい used here? Would 〜がち also make ...
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1answer
73 views

The difference in からandに as location markers in the following

In the sentenced circled below "The 100 yen coin is found under the desk", It usesから to mark the location. so this made me wonder "oh! if it's used like this, then certainly に should work to as it'...
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1answer
78 views

Difference between ようか・まいか and ようが・まいが

So I'm cramming for the N1 test next week and doing grammar exercises in the 日本語パワードリル book. I come across the following question and felt fairly confident in my answer: 友人に真実を_________ 悩んでいる。 ...
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2answers
98 views

What does と mean in と思います, と言う, and と見る?

愛という光 means "The light which is called Love", but why is と used? Why does 見る mean "to see" but と見る means something like "it was judged to be"? What function is と serving?
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1answer
79 views

Reason for に particle in sentence instead of の

I have come across sentence and I understand what its trying to say, but I don't understand why に is used with 特別. I was really expecting a の particle instead to modify related noun phrase 旅のサポート Why ...
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1answer
190 views

What does ものと見て, mean?

先日の佐伯真一さん殺人事件と、昨夜の四ッ星重工爆発炎上事故…それに、誘拐および殺人未遂事件を調べている警視庁は、この事件の裏で、大掛かりな軍事汚職事件が絡んでいるものと見て、真相の究明に全力を尽くすと発表しています。 The Superior Police Headquarters is investigating the murder ... of Mr. Shinichi Saeki, ...
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1answer
390 views

How to interpret the next sentence: 日本の新しい大学を見学します。

I was told in class that 日本の新しい大学を見学します。 Nihon no atarashī daigaku o kengaku shimasu. means I will visit a new university in Japan. I understand this as I am visiting the new Japanese ...
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1answer
70 views

What is the mean difference between 取引先との付き合い方 and 取引先の付き合い方? [duplicate]

What is the mean difference between 取引先との付き合い方 and 取引先の付き合い方? Thank for support me.
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2answers
2k views

What is “It is x o'clock” in Japanese with subject

I've just started studying Japanese so I'm using Hiragana. In the book it says "It's 1 o'clock" is "いちじです" in Japanese. But if I want to use the form "X はいちじです" then what should "X" be?
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1answer
79 views

Does かえって処理 mean “altered process”

The following text is taken out of a novel. 「お人好しもいいですけど、hIE (インターフェース) が動いているところに手を出したら、かえって処理に負荷をかけますよ」 Kengo knew his computers and machines, though. “Best not interfere when an Interfacer is ...
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1answer
81 views

What does なり切ってしまう mean?

I've been reading a book in Japanese in order to learn new kanji, words, etc., but I've come across something I can't seem to translate. The sentence is as follows. 老人にも若者にも、富豪にも乞食にも、学者にも無頼漢にも、...
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1answer
93 views

adding んー to the end of a phrase (e.g. いつ帰ってくるんー?)

A friend recently texted me 'いつ帰ってくるんー?'. I understand the question, but I don't understand why んー would be added to the end of the verb. Is this to add emphasis or emotional context?
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1answer
1k views

「もんか」の使い方を教えてくれませんか?

How do you use もんか? Once, I saw this sentence: お前に俺の気持がわかるもんか. I understand the meaning but I don't know how you can use it
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1answer
114 views

Using prepositions in relative clauses?

Example: Let's say I want to reference "the bridge that I ran underneath". I would presume that the sentence would be: 下に走った橋 I feel like there's a lot of ambiguity here, but I guess that's ...
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1answer
163 views

What is the difference between よくない yokunai and だめ (dame)

よくない (yokunai) is defined as not good だめ (dame) is also defined as not good Please could you explain the difference by explicitly making reference to the following examples: Example 1a dokomo ...
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1answer
254 views

Meaning of 行かしてもらうから

In 火垂るの墓 there is a scene where the mother says: ほな、ひと足先に壕に行かしてもらうからね。 What does 行かしてもらうから mean? I know usually もらう means to receive / get someone to do something. I’ve never seen this ...
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1answer
69 views

Intransitive verb connects with a transitive verb via Te Form

I have learnt that a Noun that is preceding an intransitive verb should go with the GA particle (it is a subject). And a Noun that is preceding a transitive verb then it should be used with the WO ...
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0answers
116 views

Clarification of objects using questions

When I want to ask whether or not something I have is what I think it is, I can't figure out exactly what to say. これは梅じゃないの? (Rising intonation) Is this not a plum? これは梅じゃないね。(Falling ...
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1answer
135 views

What's the difference between そうな/に (sou na/ni) and ような/に (you na/ni)? [duplicate]

I'm a beginner in Japanese. I know ように can mean "as", "so", "like", and よう can mean "look like". And I know that そう can mean "seem like", "that way", "or such", but there are too many possible ...
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1answer
90 views

怒りを通り越して sentence formation

彼はなんでもかんでも人のせいにする。あまりの理不尽さに怒りを通り越して呆れてしまう。 how did we make 怒りを通り越して this sentence pattern, can anyone explain it in detail.
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1answer
129 views

Usage of にしてみれば

どうか自分の幻想でありますように...幻想など決して認めないダーズリ氏にしてみれば、こんな願いを持つのは生まれてはじめてだった。 Please let it be my imagination... For Mr Dursley who didn't hold with things like imagination, this was the first time in his life ...
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0answers
114 views

Can に関わりなく be used with adjectives?

にかかわりなく seems to come after a noun, e.g.: 文化祭は当日の天気にかかわりなく開催されます。 The school culture festival will be held regardless of the weather on the day. Is it possible to use it with an adjective e.g. ...
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1answer
92 views

Help explain と in this sentence [duplicate]

私も行かないと。 I understood it as "I also won't go." But according to Tae Kim's guide and Google Translate it is read as "I have to go too." Why is that? I assume と has something to do with it since ...
2
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1answer
123 views

What's the difference between 上で and 次第?

I was wondering what was the difference between 上で and 次第. As for their significance I think that they differ a little. On one end, 上で bears the meaning of "upon doing something", whilst 次第 implies ...
2
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3answers
110 views

distinguish between grammar patterns and how to remember them

Suppose we take おそれがある, we can use it with either noun or a verb: V る + おそれがある N + の + おそれがある and on the other hand if we take に違いない, we can use it with everything(noun,adjective and adverb) ...
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1answer
126 views

配信 sentence construction problem [duplicate]

Nouvelle-Calédonieで繰り広げるロードトリップはウェブ動画でも配信 In this sentence, why did we end the sentence at 配信? What does this mean?
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1answer
93 views

ごほーし meaning? 18+?

ごほーし meaning? 18+? I know that's lewd vocabulary but I dont what does it mean?
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2answers
324 views

Why isn't 日本料理 written as 日本の料理?

Both 日本 and 料理 are nouns but why aren't they concatenated with の? I think it should be written as 日本の料理 rather than 日本料理.