Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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4
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2answers
495 views

Uses of に思う in this statement

俺が疑問に思った一名の欠員について、皆も何かしら不審に思う点があるらしい。 For 疑問に思った does "〜に思うこと is equivalent to 〜に対して思うこと." apply? Or is it 疑問と思った? For 不審に思う, is it mandatory to read it as the adverbial of 不審, or do you interpret ...
4
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1answer
738 views

そう “seem” used for hearing

In a book someone hears a woman voice and says: 心配そうな、お母さんの声 As far as I know, そう(な) is to say something seems based on visual information, and my grammars agree with this: things like おいしそうなケーキ. ...
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2answers
311 views

相手には when speaking of “two third persons”

I want to clarify my understanding of 相手には in the following sentence... 「人見知りをしない相手には強気なところがあるよな」 It refers to a person that usually acts rather shy around others but scolded one of her ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Noun + に続いて + Verb phrase

I am struggling with the meaning of に続いて in the following sentence: 貞操に続いて今度は命を守り抜くために、この街を走り続ける羽目になった。 I know that the sentence carries a rather ironic meaning and that 貞操 is not used in a ...
2
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1answer
63 views

石が足を取られて grammar

その石が足を取られて転ぶほど大きいのか、それとも裸足で踏んでも気にならないほど小さいのか Was the rock big enough to trip me up, or was it so small that i didn't notice it despite being barefoot. I don't have the context for this sentence, it ...
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1answer
77 views

「に夢見る」 and translating 「こういうのドライ」

I found the picture below on Pinterest. The caption was 「松田+幼女に夢見てる漫画」. I don't understand the use of the に particle. I had already seen it used in the structure 「person + に夢見てる」 before. I'm not ...
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1answer
46 views

Verb+Noun Combination // なる to “describe landscapes”

I stumbled upon following sentence: 至る所に水路が張り巡らされ青が際立つ街並みになっている。 I wanted to ask which grammatical construction lies behind 「張り巡らされ青」. The context it appears in is the description of a (fictional) ...
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1answer
400 views

What is the difference between どころか or ものか?

This is a sentence from my JLPT prep book: 新{あたら}しい首相{しゅしょう}に代{か}わったが、景気{けいき}は回復{かいふく}する (  )、悪化{あっか}する一方{いっぽう}であった。 The answer is: ものか, but I thought it was どころか. I can't figure out why どころか isn'...
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2answers
319 views

だけ between two verbs / second verb performing an action on だけ construction

I am having trouble understanding following sentence: 不満を吐き出すだけ吐き出せば、スッキリするだろう。 It is taken from a novel and in this particular scene the characters are complaining about how horrible their trip ...
3
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2answers
146 views

なにかなのだろう parsing and meaning

In a short story I found a sentence I'm having difficulties understand no matter how I look at it or how I try to parse it: これは、心の病かもしれない、と思い、私と母はやがてじょじょにだが公にする祝い事をとりやめていった。...
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2answers
457 views

出かけることにしました - What is the meaning of this?

So I'm reading this sentence: 私は押し入れの奥から、夏の洋服を出して、かばんにいっぱい入れて出かけることにしました。 Basically I understand this sentence as: Out of the clothes in the closet, I took the Western-style summer clothes out, ...
2
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2answers
139 views

What is the difference between ~のがすきです & ~がすきです?

They both mean to like the subject/topic, right? I'm trying to figure out what のが actually means/adds to the sentence and when it is appropriate to put it in a sentence or leave it out. I have been ...
2
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1answer
125 views

使用して and 使って difference

what is the difference between these two terms.The actual use of them ? for eg. are トランジスタを使用して and トランジスタを使って same ?
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3answers
196 views

Nominalization of です?

Basically I’m wondering if です can be nominalized. For example how would you say: ”I don’t like being mean.” or ”It’s good to be nice!” Can I say: 酷いであるのが好きじゃない? 優しいであるのがいい? These ...
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2answers
2k views

What does 逃げっこなしにしよう mean?

So, I was reading a children's story and came across this sentence: 「いいか、この最後{さいご}のローソクが消{き}えたら、本当{ほんとう}のお化{ば}けが出{で}るかもしれん。だが、どんなお化けが出ようと、お互{たが}いに逃{に}げっこなしにしよう」 What I'm having trouble ...
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3answers
2k views

Different meanings of こわい

I was watching this video (it's actually a really good series, despite the odd presentation). In it, there is the example: おばけがこわい。 Ghosts are scary. No problem there, but the series has been ...
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0answers
86 views

Who's afraid in 私が怖い? [duplicate]

In an anime I heard this sentence: どうして私と戦おうとしないの?私が怖いの? which is translated as "Why don't you want to fight me? Are you scared of me?". I'm not sure why が is used here: I found that 私は怖い means "I'...
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0answers
87 views

Using 「に」, 「にとって」 and 「に対して」 with adjectives

I read these two questions but I still don't understand the relation between the use of the 「に」 particle with adjectives and other structures such as 「にとって」 and 「に対して」. On the first link, Axioplaseさん ...
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4answers
650 views

How to say “How long have you had this dream?”

Would it be correct to say: 「どのくらい夢がありましたか。」 I don't really know. This is for a Japanese assignment I have at school.
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1answer
124 views

Is V2 + ころ / ごろ a pattern or not

Xは食べごろだ。 Time to eat X. X is ready to be eaten. Question: Can -koro/-goro be used as a general pattern by adding to masu-stem of the verb to produce meaning, that it is time to do this? For ...
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3answers
5k views

Is だ (plain form of です) omittable?

After studying copula verbs だ and です in japanese grammar books by myself a couple of months ago, I was under the impresion that だ is omittable as it is implied by the context. Moving on, I recently ...
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1answer
80 views

かなり-[noun が]-[adj] vs [noun が]-かなり-[adj]

I have the sentence 彼はかなり英語が上手です。 Why is かなり in front of 英語, the noun, rather than the adjective 上手? Would there be any differences from the sentence above to this? 彼は英語がかなり上手です。
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1answer
177 views

「知るか」 and variant phrases

I didn't find any questions about this, except for this one, but it's not really the same thing. I've seen the phrase 「知るか」 a few times in anime and manga before and I've always interpreted it as "as ...
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3answers
2k views

What are the differences between 広める and 広げる and between 広まる and 広がる?

I find the difference between 「広める (他動詞) 広げる (他動詞)」 and between 「広まる (自動詞) 広がる (自動詞)」 to be complicated. Can someone explain?
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2answers
467 views

Noun or adjectives starting with 不 [closed]

Can anyone provide the full list of noun or adjectives which starts with 不.for eg. 不可能. As it is more convenient and better way to write in Japanese rather than to mention its negative form
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1answer
132 views

what does と and other kanjis stand for in this sentence?

I was reading an article and learning new kanji. However, I am having hard time determining some grammatical structures and kanji from this sentence: 有坂銃{ありさかじゅう}とは、大日本帝國のボルトアクション方式の軍制式小銃の系列であり、...
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3answers
1k views

Meaning of ーたりしない

I've come across the following sentence while watching a show : こんな所で立ち止まったりしない ...which, according to the subtitles, translates as : [She] won't stop after coming all this way. I had a rough ...
3
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2answers
55 views

How to say “I am going” and boundaries of てくる

As far as I have learned 私は行っている can't mean something like "I am going", but would mean something like "I am going regularly (for a certain time)" or "I went there and am there right now". I have ...
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0answers
51 views

親友の出産に立ち会った. Sentence formation

why did we use に after 出産. Is it because 出産 is a Suruverb ? or just a normal Noun. Any similar examples ?
2
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1answer
151 views

Can sentence-ending particles be used at the end of an independent clause?

With the sentence: 「僕は今度遠い所へ行くからね、その前一寸お前に遭いに来たよ。」 "I am leaving now to go to a far away place, so before that I came to meet you for a short time." Assuming I read that right, then it seems like ...
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0answers
88 views

肌に悪い. noun Ni adjective

肌に悪い. Can anyone explain the sentence structure of this form, also few more examples, what is the difference between saying 肌のために悪い ?
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0answers
65 views

NO adjectives list or complete explanation

how can i distinguish between no adjectives and noun? particularly, No adjectives are joined with a ni particles, Is there any full list or something to remember about them ?
5
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1answer
160 views

How can I express sentences like “How long is …” or “How old is … ” or “How convenient is …” etc.?

I want to know if there's a grammar structure that can be used when you want to know the extent of an adjective. E.g. 会長は若いね >> How young is he? この映画はとっても長いよ! >> How long is it? ...
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0answers
69 views

What does it mean についちゃ in this text? [duplicate]

こういうのも なんだが魚たちの ゴキゲンについちゃおれら 漁師が 専門家だ。 What does it mean についちゃ ? What grammar does it refer To ?
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1answer
134 views

Understanding this incomplete sentence

I'm not quite sure how to understand the second sentence below as it looks incomplete to me. If it was because the speaker interrupted what he was saying with the next line then I would have expected ...
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2answers
410 views

Understanding the の in ~ものの

I thought that の always had to modify a noun... so how come a sentence like the following is possible despite there being no nominalization of what follows の ? たたみに布団を敷いて寝てみたものの、背中が痛くて寝られなかった。 Is ...
6
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1answer
167 views

The usage of あげく

My current understanding of the grammar あげく is based on this common explanation I gathered online: spending considerable time and effort doing an action, resulting in an outcome X + あげくY = “after ...
42
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4answers
4k views

What is the meaning of 「読むには読んだ」?

I have the following sentence and I can't find any material pointing out the usage of this grammar. 薦められた本を読むには読んだが、よく理解できなかった。 In general, what is the usage of 「VるにはVた」?
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0answers
44 views

させましょう in a task [duplicate]

「その漢字を使って下の文を完成させましょう。」 This is part of a task. I’m confused by させましょう. Why is this form used here instead of, say, してください or しましょう?
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1answer
335 views

Meaning of とうとうりん

三角標のように それはだんだんはっきりして、とうとうりんとうごかないようになり濃い鋼の野原にまっすぐにすきっと立ったのです Is とうとうりん here meaning finally? And what about りん?
3
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1answer
207 views

What is the meaning of 「ため」 in the following sentence?

I understand that ため means "in order to" or "goal". I don't understand how it works in this sentence though. Could someone please explain. バスの事故が続いているため出発前に警察などが調べ This is how I interpret it: ...
6
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2answers
788 views

Meaning of どこでなく

カムパネルラも知っている、それはいつかカムパネルラのお父さんの博士のうちでカムパネルラといっしょに読んだ雑誌のなかにあったのだ。それどこでなくカムパネルラは、その雑誌を読むと、すぐお父さんの 書斎{しょさい}から 巨{おお}きな本をもってきて、ぎんがというところをひろげ、まっ黒な 頁{ページ}いっぱいに白い点々のある美しい写真を二人でいつまでも見たのでした What does どこでなく ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Sentence-ending という

In a short story I found this sentence: 父はまだギターをえらんでいるだろうか。 気のいい父、クラシックギターがこの世でいちばん好きな父。 父と母は新婚旅行でやはりここに来たという。その時も父はギターを買った。母は、ひとつひとつの試し弾きに耳を傾け、根気よく、父の買い物につきあった、と父は言った。そして、お母さんは、...
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vote
2answers
129 views

~くて on a verb? How do you indicate desire?

「右手【みぎて】で描【か】いた、今ここに避難所【ひなんじょ】はないんだ。息【いき】を吸【す】いこんだ。つまらない世界【せかい】壊【こわ】したくて。」 Translation: Drawn with my right hand, here, now, as for the shelter, there is none. I inhaled. The boring world wants to be ...
4
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1answer
89 views

Could someone please explain the usage of なる here? [duplicate]

I'm trying to make sense of a song (純潔なる愛-Aspiration-) and there is this construct of noun+なる that confuses me. I know the "to become" grammar, or になる, but this is missing the に particle and also, it ...
3
votes
2answers
509 views

Is this an error…?

I came across the following in a book I'm reading but have ever seen that kind of grammar before, and Google isn't bringing anything up at all: 固くしてみあ I'm beginning to think it's a print error. If ...
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2answers
1k views

Producing なる adjectives

I found this adjective from 7!!'s song 「ラヴァーズ」(Lovers): 無邪気なる Dictionary entries categorises 無邪気 as a noun and な-adjective. For reference, I shall extract parts from two different stanzas in the ...
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1answer
79 views

grammar of アンタに用事がある

アンタに少し用事があるからこの後付き合いなさい in context it is one person asking another to go somewhere with them. but with アンタに用事がある alone, what is it really saying? 用事 exists in you? thanks
4
votes
2answers
426 views

Meaning/use of ように in this sentence

鳥の絵が得意になり、クリスマスにハトの絵を贈ってくれるようにもなった。 I cannot understand the meaning of ようにもなった in this sentence. I know that 鳥の絵が得意になり、 means "I became good/strong at drawing birds and..." ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

いて use as a reason or something else

昨日は疲れていてテスト勉強ができませんでしたが、今日はできると思います。 In this sentence, is this いて after 疲れて explaining the reason? Why was he not able to study? Why can't we use から or ので?