Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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4
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1answer
3k views

Listing three or more items

In English, when we have three or more items, only the last "and" is kept, and the rest are omitted. I like fish, curry, sausage, and honey. What is the standard way to list multiple items in ...
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3answers
221 views

プレゼント買う心配がありません without particles

I heard the sentence プレゼント買う心配がありません from a Japanese, meaning "We don't worry with buying presents [during Christmas]"; I was wondering about the 買う心配 part, with a な-adjective directly following a ...
3
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1answer
131 views

Help understanding this sentence about why some shrines remove their bells at busy times e.g. 正月

The character is explaining why some shrines remove their bell at times where many people gather at the shrine e.g. 正月. However I do not understand what he is saying. 大人数で引っ張ると、落としちゃうやつとか出てきて危ないからな ...
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1answer
73 views

What’s the difference between “書けるか” and “書けますか“?

What’s the difference between “書けるか“ and “書けますか” (Can you write?). I read the rule for the potential form, but then in an example it said ます on the end instead of る. So do both work and what’s the ...
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2answers
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Usage of ばかり in とばかり思って

Can somebody please explain for me the meaning of ばかり in とばかり思って, as far as I can guess through the examples it means something like "そう思ったんだけど、実際に・・・・・・". 僕たちはずっと、彼らは一生安泰だとばかり思っていたんだけど、君の話によると、...
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1answer
168 views

What's the meaning of もの in this sentence?

てっきり、兄{あに}は腰{こし}を下{お}ろすものだと思{おも}っていた。 I have no clue about what it could mean.
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1answer
123 views

〜ていない vs 〜ないでいる

I read many times this question but I'm still confused about the differences between these two grammars. The first answer says that 〜ていない has a possible third meaning not used, "I eat my meal and I am ...
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1answer
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Usage (correctness) of だと after verbs

I've noticed だと showing up after verbs for a while now in various forms of media, such as blogs, anime, regular TV shows & also when speaking to Japanese people. However, I was originally told ...
2
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1answer
221 views

What is the meaning of に対して in this sentence ?

一年生が三年生に対して──それも部のエースに向かって『雪乃さん』などと呼びかけてしまったのだ。無礼だと注意されても仕方がないだろう。 What does に対して refers to here?
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Usage of 上で in this sentence [duplicate]

There is a question in the Kanzen Master N2 Textbook: この薬は、_____上でお飲みください a. 食事が終わった b. 医師が説明した c. 説明書をよく読んだ According to the answer sheet, the answer is c. But I don't understand ...
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0answers
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What is the meaning of のだと in this context?

これが学習者にとっては妙なのだと気付くには慣れが必要かもしれませんが What does のだとmean here ?
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55 views

What is the meaning or usage of the に at the end of the following sentence?

あなたもできる対処法とは? 不安から日常安心できる生活に 。 So what does the に here refer to? Is it になる?
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Causative and the particle に + how to properly translate

I came across this sentence in the Yugioh Manga: 「最大の誤算は貴様ごときに神を拝ませることになろうなぁんてねぇ」 (the preceding sentence: 「俺は貴様を多少みくびっていた....」) I used Please help me identify who does what in this sentence and ...
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1answer
278 views

Why is the sentence, “毎日、AからBに通います。” incorrect?

In the exam, my sentence was corrected from, 毎日、A から B に通います。 to, 毎日、A から B に通っています。 ...and no explanation was made. I am still very confused.
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2answers
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Relationship between radicals, components, kanji and words

As a novice learner, I'm finding understanding the relationship between radicals, components, kanji and words difficult. For example, this post on tofugu.com says that: The kanji is 町, which means ...
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1answer
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What is the sentence structure in Japanese and how do you know the correct order?

Let’s say we have “この建物にいいレストランがあります”。Why does “建物に“come before “レストランが”?How do you know in what order the words are to be said and does it matter?
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1answer
53 views

Help with でも functions

I have this sentence: "どんなスポーツでもこの三つがなければ上手にならないと考えられている。" But I can't figure it out what sense でも is giving to the sentence. In my head is something like "although it's expected sports to be good, ...
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1answer
346 views

How to ask if a connection/relationship exists between two things

I would like to ask if there is a connection or relationship between two different parts. For example, would this be an appropriate way of asking "Is there any connection between the two compilations/...
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1answer
137 views

I can't quite parse this sentence about not remembering something

そうか そういや [ペッパー]{おまえ}は 昔のユトを なにひとつ 思い出せねえん だったっけ。 So the first part, そうかそういや is preamble, "Is that so? come to think of it..." ペッパー is the name of the protagonist who's being addressed. ...
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1answer
139 views

Can object in a compound sentence be ommited in order to avoid repetition?

ナイフでお肉を切ります、それからフォークで(お肉を)食べます。 Cut the meat with a knife, then eat the meat with a fork. I wondered whether the second (お肉を) could be omitted in order to avoid repetition. Is it totally acceptable ...
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1answer
181 views

Specific use of してまで

Recently I've been reading Michael Emmerich's "New Penguin Parallel Text" for Japanese short stories. In Yoshimoto Banana's "A Little Darkness," there's a passage that describes how the narrator's ...
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0answers
138 views

Why is `お一人様の際は、こちらのテーブルをお使いいただけます` wrong?

In 新完全{しんかんぜん}マスター文法{ぶんぽう}N2 there is an exercise to choose the correct phrase to make the full sentence correct. (...)際{さい}は、こちらのテーブルをお使{つか}いいただけます。 a) お食事{しょくじ}の b) ご飯{はん}を食{た}べる c) お一人様{...
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1answer
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Do Japanese parents address their son as musuko?

In America, parents can address their son as son. For example, "Son, could you open the window for me?" Do Japanese parents address their son as 息子?Thanks.
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1answer
333 views

What is the difference among その上 and 上に?

Could somebody explain me the difference between その上 and 上に? In "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar" it is written that they can be used interchangeably, but I am not sure if it meant that ...
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Comparison of two Japanese Bible translations of Genesis 1:1

Japanese Contemporary Bible: まだ何もなかった時、神は天と地を造りました。 Shinkaiyaku Bible: はじめに神が天と地を創造された (The 2017 ed. of the Shinkaiyaku is not in the public domain, so the following is a screenshot from my ...
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1answer
199 views

Nominal connectors in embedded sentences: 名詞・形容動詞 +「である」「だという」「な」等 (+ こと) の使い分けについて

This is a general question about what to place after nominals when connecting them to constructs like こと. Lately I've realized I've either forgotten or never knew when I should be using だということ over ...
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1answer
442 views

Need help understanding causative and passive form: 外国人に質問を聞かれたが、答えられなかった。

I was reading up some lesson on causative and passive form online. I am still a little confused as to when and why use these form. For this example: plain form: 答える passive form: 答えられる ...
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1answer
230 views

Is this sentence correct? courtesy/honorific use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use "を" as ...
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1answer
134 views

Meaning of 万々が一

しかし、万々が一ポッターたちが関わっていたにせよ、あの連中が自分たちの近くにやってくるはずがない。 However, ??? even if it did concern the Potters, there was no reason to expect that that lot would turn up in their own neighbourhood. I haven't ...
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1answer
218 views

Grammatical construction「placeはsubplace、story」 as an introduction

In old stories I often find the following structure: general place は specific place 、 story unfolds for example: ① 江戸は芝、増上寺門前町で (例: ◯◯人が歩いた) ② 東海道は宮宿、ただいま名古屋市の熱田神宮辺で (例: ◯◯浪人の二人が出会った) I took ...
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1answer
99 views

Meaning of のもののこと

In the story I'm reading right now I found this sentence: 近年入社してくれる若い人間たちなどは、私の姿が自分たちとずいぶん違うことにも気がつかないようだ。異形のもののことを、あえて忖度しない、というよりも、気に留めようともしない、らしい I'm not sure about the meaning if のもののこと: should ...
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2answers
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Sentence (question) ending かい - how is it different from just か?

I sometimes find questions that are normally ended with the question particle か to end with かい. For example: いいかい? そうかい? あいつがどうかしたかい? And sometimes with just い without か (if I understand ...
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2answers
231 views

は with 好き exception?

I'm studying Japanese, and found this phrase: 漢字を書くのが嫌いだけど読むのは好きです。 I was thought that the particle that is always with 好き is が but in this case is は, is there an explanation for this???
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Problems with は and が

Consider: [A] 猫が好きだ To me this means [A']"I like cats." Contrast this to: [B] 猫は好きだ To me this means [B']"I like cats (among other animals)" I based my understanding of [B] from Derek ...
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1answer
251 views

How can I say “With the passing of time…”?

I am writing a text and I want to say: With the passing of time, I have understood what he wanted to say. I have written: 時間がたつにつれて、彼が言いたかったことが分かってきました。 Is my sentence completely wrong?
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1answer
117 views

Why is the なら conditional being used here?

In one section of the JLPT N3 practice test the next is written 妹:「今日は友達と晩ご飯を食べてくるね。」 兄:「わかった。九時過ぎるようなら、迎えに行くから、電話しろよ。」 Why is a conditional being used here?
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911 views

When is it acceptable to use “Newspaper grammar”?

It is often said that Newspapers use grammatical forms/ellipses not used elsewhere and, on the whole, these do not present a problem to read and understand. However the ellipses do not seem to be ...
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1answer
100 views

里でもコイツに言う事を聞かせられるヤツ grammar

とにかくやたら気の強い女でしてね、里でもコイツに言う事を聞かせられるヤツは誰もいないぐらいの跳ねっ返りで lost the context for this but, i almost feel like 事を聞かせられる is potential rather than causative passive, "no one can make her do what is told" ...
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3answers
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Can 誰にも be used in positive verb?

Most examples I read, 誰にも is always used in negative verbs. Is there a case in which 誰にも is used in positive verbs?
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1answer
111 views

誰も + potential verb form

I'm pretty sure "誰にも読めない本" is correct. However, I have also heard something in the same vein as "誰も読めない本", without the に. Is this also correct? If so, does も replace が here?
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1answer
154 views

What is the difference between ながら and のに for expressing “despite”/“although”?

Both grammar points seem to express similar sentiments. But I had a practice question today which said 友だちは授業の教室が変わったと(  )、教えてくれませんでした。 with two choices being 知りながら and 知るのに. Both choices seem to ...
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0answers
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transitive vs intransitive verbs in relative clauses

Is there a difference in interpretation or how one would understand sentences that use a transitive vs intransitive verb? e.g. in the below 味噌汁を入れたマグカップ vs 味噌汁が入ったマグカップ 「でもお前、俺のこと好きだったじゃん」 「……...
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0answers
101 views

Is 〜であるものか construction allowable?

In 新完全{しんかんぜん}マスター文法{ぶんぽう}N2 page xi the formation rules for 〜ものか are 普通形{ふつうけい}(ナ形{けい}だ-な・名{めい}だ-な)+ものか These rules seem to preclude the form 〜であるものか. There is also this note at the bottom of ...
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1answer
83 views

くせに when the subject is the first person?

I'm quite baffled by what a character in a manga says. I'll try to explain the context as best as I can so you can get the picture:There are 2 characters, A previously said (in the last chapter of the ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the difference between しました and した

週末に何をしましたか。 Here what is the grammer of しましたか. Shouldn't it simply be したか, where した is the た format of する ?
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3answers
885 views

How to parse わけじゃなし

A novel I'm reading contains this snippet of dialogue. The manager of a love hotel is explaining why she doesn't return to her apartment between shifts: 帰ったって何があるってわけじゃなし、誰が待っているわけじゃなし、ホテルの仮眠室で寝て、...
3
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1answer
167 views

Contrastive は vs. が

This is an old and perhaps exhausted topic, but there's still something I don't get. I read these two questions and its best answers, but I don't understand why then あなたの目はきれいです implies ...
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2answers
305 views

What is this との?

For full context: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10011218521000/k10011218521000.html The sentence in question: 「中国やロシアから旅行に来る人がビザを取りやすくなったり、韓国や香港などとの間を飛ぶ飛行機が増えたりしたためです。」 "This is because it ...
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2answers
134 views

Meaning of なろうとなんだろうと

In a manga I found the following sentence: ボロボロになろうとなんだろうと自分で気づくしかない What does the なろうとなんだろうと means? The remaing part should mean something on the lines of "She must notice by himself [...] if she ...
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1answer
1k views

What does もんね mean?

Consider the following sentence. お金持{かねも}ちになるもんね。 What does the 「もんね」 mean? Without もんね、i.e. 「お金持ちになる。」, it means "becomes rich"。