Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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2
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1answer
127 views

Use of です after plain form verb conjugation

はい、先生。家はあらかた壊されっちまってたですが、マグルたちが群れ寄ってくる前に、無事に連れ出しました。 No sir. The house was almost completely destroyed but I took him out safely before the muggles started to crowd around. I'm assuming that ...
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1answer
92 views

行く 帰る 来る + time expression - how it works

Phrases like 5[時]{じ}に[帰]{かえ}ります or 3[時]{じ}に[行]{い}きます or 8[時]{じ}に[来]{き}ます are the very basics one can find in a beginner's book. And despite that, I have yet to see an explanation what exactly they ...
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1answer
87 views

What is the meaning of “迷い” in the phrase 夜の街迷いし穢れの乱歩

This phrase is from a song the translation of   "夜の街迷いし穢れの乱歩" would be: Lost in a city at night, I take a random impure walk. The question is: "迷い" in the dictionary means hesitation, perplexity, ...
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1answer
144 views

What I'm getting wrong on this sentence? あそこに立っているのが、あなたのみらいの子どもです

I translated the following sentence あそこに立っているのが、あなたのみらいの子どもです Into: "Your future child will be standing there." But the correct translation according to Wanikani would be: The person ...
2
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1answer
81 views

私の人格もよく知らずにガンガン言う人は、ろくなもんじゃないと思って。

Been a while since I've dabbled in Japanese so I'm a little rusty, maybe somebody can help me out here with my question. Quote in question: でもね。結局のところ、自分は自分、人は人。私の人格もよく知らずにガンガン言う人は、ろくなもんじゃないと思って。「...
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4answers
32k views

Difference between ために and ように

I've got a question regarding difference in usage of 辞書形+ように and 辞書形+ために with verbs' dictionary forms, i.e. 飛行機に乗り遅れないように、前日早寝したのです。 彼は質問をするために手を上げました。 The notion I get is that the first is used ...
3
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1answer
128 views

What is the meaning of ハードルガンガン?

I can't figure out the meaning of the following sentence found in a manga これアカンやつやぞ何か言わんとハードルガンガン上がってくやつやぞー! I'm having not only one, but several doubts in this sentence. Starting by ハードルガンガン, ...
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1answer
102 views

I-adjective in く form modifies a noun/adverb

In the song 宝物 by WANIMA, the chorus goes: 思いにまかせて 感じるまま描いて まだ見えない明日へ 誰にも止められない 今この瞬間が紛れもなく全て。 紛れもない is in く form, which means it's modifiying a verb. However, 全て is nowhere near a verb, but might ...
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2answers
982 views

に vs で: 映画に見る vs 映画で見る

Branching off from the comments to this question: Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました ?: Preamble: The comment says 映画に見た is valid for "I saw it in a movie". I went to search for example sentences and ...
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0answers
148 views

を好き instead of が好き

I saw this dialogue in an anime; 柑菜{かんな} is a girl in love with 海{かい}, and a short before this happened visited 海's house. A knows of 柑菜 feelings, since there was a dialogue in which she kinda ...
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1answer
266 views

What does 入れこみ mean here?

There is a short sentence: “A入れこみB”. What does this mean? A enters B? B holds A? Or A says something to B? Or does it mean something else?
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1answer
441 views

How is 懐く read in this case?

I came across this word in a manga page, on the top right speech bubble. I'm not sure whether this Kanji should be read as なつく or いだく. Moreover, neither of the readings make too much sense to me, ...
2
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2answers
439 views

The use and difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う

I am having problem understanding the difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う。  As for んじゃないかと思った, I found the following examples:"忘れているんじゃないかと思った" and "間に合わないんじゃないかと思った"。 Moreover, in regards ...
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3answers
8k views

When is Vている the continuation of action and when is it the continuation of state?

Last night, when I asked my wife to send an email to me, she said もう送っている which I took to mean that she was "sending the message". (The message had a big attachment so I imagined that it could take a ...
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1answer
931 views

What is being omitted in this advertisement sentence?

Here is the sentence. 部屋の数は六畳二間に、八畳とDK。 To give more context, this refers to residential sales advertisement. DK stands for dining kitchen. 部屋の数は六畳二間に(あり)、(他のは)八畳とDK(である)。 Is my "fill in the ...
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1answer
160 views

What does 私はお願いしたいんですけど mean in this context?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4WlniHylrU&t=143s This is a part of a legendary speech made by the former president of Nintendo at SpaceWorld. From my understanding, he is talking about the ...
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1answer
234 views

Further clarification on ~てある

This is a follow up to this question regarding the difference between てある and ている. So far I have come across two possible reasons to use てある: てある and ている can both be used to show states, however ...
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110 views

Differences between ways to express obligation?

1) I know that, to express something that you must do, you can use 方{ほう}がいい and, for a stronger feeling, べき. 2) I am also aware you can use conditionals like 〜なくちゃ、〜なきゃ、〜ないと to express that you need ...
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1answer
111 views

Difference between 帰りました and 帰っていきました?

To be more specific, why can I say, 木村{きむら}さんなら、もう帰{かえ}りましたよ。 and not, 木村さんなら、もう帰っていきましたよ。 Thanks in advance!
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1answer
199 views

'I'm happy/sorry/grateful that…" (thanks for…/happy to hear that…)

I'm new here so if a similar question have been asked before then feel free to delete the thread. I need some help with this "seemingly" easy phrasing. What kind of grammar pattern goes before words ...
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1answer
117 views

Logic behind grammar patterns

One of my current biggest challenges in learning Japanese sentence patterns is knowing which verb forms to use when linking to set phrases. The largest classes of verb forms I've seen that are used ...
2
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1answer
122 views

“に”の連続使用は避けるべきでしょうか?

A { B { C { D } } } 以上の構造を説明したい時に、僕はいつも「AにBにCにはDがあります」とか「AにBにCにDについて」というな言葉を使います。自分が書いた文章を声出して読んでみたら、何か違和感を感じます。こういう場合は言い換え言葉、またもっといい表現の書き方がございましたら、ご教示をお願いします。
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1answer
125 views

Parsing and meaning of まいとしているふう

I'm trying to understand the 「まいとしているふうなのだ」 part in: さっさと言われた通りにすれば良いものを、店番の男はなぜだか渋面をして相手の要求を頑なに聞き入れまいとしているふうなのだ As far as I can understand: さっさと言われた通りにすれば良いものを: Although he should quickly have ...
2
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1answer
159 views

How to write a bulleted list in Japanese

What's the correct way to show a bulleted list of items in the Japanese language? Considering the fact that interpuncts are often used to seperate and idenity foreign words, I'm not sure of the ...
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1answer
215 views

grammar of 前の誕生日プレゼントにもらった彼女の絵

彼女は小学3年生の時に日本に引っ越してきて、それがたまたま私達のクラスだった。 私達と出会うまで楽器の経験がなかったのが、信じられないほどヴィオラを巧みに操っている。 しかも、父が有名な画家で絵をたしなむ。 この前の誕生日プレゼントにもらった彼女の絵は、とても素晴らしくて宝物になった。 i'm not sure if ...彼女の絵 is saying "her ...
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1answer
125 views

エラーにする vs. エラーをする

In XXX case, the app gives an error. 何々をしたら、また何々の場合は、アプリにエラーメッセージを表示する。 これをもっと簡潔に、単純にエラーが起きることを表現したいです。下記のどっちのほうが正しいでしょうか? エラーにする。 エラーをする。
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1answer
2k views

Using i-adjective color words

Why is the sentence 「車はあかです。」 not 「車はあかいです。」? Since 「あかい」 is an i-adjective.
2
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1answer
111 views

Why 「と」 in 「行為と受け取り」? (And 「洞察」)

Same short story, another sentence I kinda get (maybe), but I'm missing something: 親子関係に見て取れぬでもないその二人は、トーマス井口が店の中に入ってきた途端に揃ってガッと目を剥き、信来の客の容貌をしげしげと観察し出した。極端な度合いの非礼洞察行為と受け取りはしたものの、トーマス井口は意に介さず、...
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1answer
125 views

Meaning of 見て取れぬでもない and 揃って

I'm trying to understand the grammar behind this sentences: 親子関係に見て取れぬでもないその二人は、トーマス井口が店の中に入ってきた途端に揃ってガッと目を剥き、信来の客の容貌をしげしげと観察し出した I think I got the gist of it: The two people inside the store ...
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1answer
136 views

Difference between ようか・まいか and ようが・まいが

So I'm cramming for the N1 test next week and doing grammar exercises in the 日本語パワードリル book. I come across the following question and felt fairly confident in my answer: 友人に真実を_________ 悩んでいる。 ...
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2answers
95 views

Te form for consecutive verbs

I came across with this term "使われ始めて". It was translated as "Started to use". My question is why the first verb is not in TE form, ie. 使われて始めて ? Thanks a lot.
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1answer
182 views

Meaning and use of またと

ここの夫婦ほど私たちとかけ離れた連中はまたといませんよ。 There's no one as different from us as the people here. This is how I would translate the sentence without またと. Am I correct that this sentence works without またと? I'...
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1answer
81 views

Multiple verbs in one sentence using ことがある

I'm studying for an upcoming exam, and in our study guide for the essay section there is a prompt to write about "I have the experience of ....ing, .....ing, and so forth." We're supposed to use ことがある,...
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2answers
207 views

How to understand 委ねる in this line

I'm failing to understand what it means for the 戦い to 委ねる in the below sentence. Is there anyone who could clarify what it means in this case? この戦いは国の勝ち負けだけじゃなく一人一人がどちらを選ぶのか委ねている Additional ...
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1answer
150 views

Can だ/だった be omitted before conjunctive が?

On the results of measuring the amount of plastic found in a sample of 31 fish: その結果、9匹の体の中から大きさが5mm以下のプラスチックが平均で1.1個見つかりました。 The result (was that) from 9 fish the size was at least 5mm of ...
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1answer
725 views

What does ~ながらにして mean?

Can someone please explain the bold grammar? せんてんてき 【先天的】 《ダナ》生まれながらにして持っていること
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1answer
72 views

Is the yasumi in oyasuminasai the same as yasumi (day off / break)?

I have known oyasuminasai (good night) for around a year now. Today I learned the word yasumi (break / day off). It instantly rang a bell and then oyasuminasai sprung to mind. Is there a connection ...
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2answers
150 views

強がる usage and meaning

~がる is used to describe third person's feeling but today I found this word "強がる私" I don't know why 強がる is used with first person like 私. Is it because the speaker speaks in other point of view ?
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0answers
79 views

Using について with しつもんする

In my japanese textbook, for the word しつもんする it has the note "(s.t.について)" where s.t. means something. I tried creating a sentence based off of this note and I want to know if it makes sense: ...
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1answer
69 views

What is the meaning of “ので” and “会う” here?

"正月に大ぜいの客が来るので, 会うのが面倒だと思う人もある" The translation is: "Some people do not want to have to take care of the large number of visitors who shows up during the New Year" Why is "ので" used here? I would ...
9
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1answer
255 views

Question about それに following a verb in dictionary form

So for context, 会長 doesn't like the speaker and the speaker just said something to make 会長 think even less of him. Could someone give an explanation on why それに is directly following a verb and what ...
3
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1answer
503 views

Different ways to express 'if A happens'

What is the difference between soshite, suruto and sorede? I am unable to distinguish the used-cases - they all seem to indicate 'If A happens then ....' jibun no koto o otona da to omoimasu ka? ........
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3answers
2k views

といいんです and といいんですけど

What exactly is the difference between these two phrases. How does けど/が affect the meaning and how does it relate to its meaning of 'but'?
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2answers
332 views

Towards a better understanding of など

Three sentences from the same news article on NHK 'Easy News': 子どもたちは幼稚園の中にいたため、けがなどはありませんでした。 Becuase the children were in the nursery they weren't injured or anything しかし、門の近くには、...
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1answer
214 views

Figuring out what 「言わないまでも」means in this sentence

「犯人とはいわないまでも何があったのか尋問できるのはお姉ちゃんだけだ!」 Does this pattern have the same meaning as the one explained here: とまではいかないまでも meaning? I think it is different from the explanation linkend above. The linked ...
8
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2answers
331 views

What is 殺虫剤たいたら?

I have problem understanding the following sentence from the lower right panel: そう思{おも}ってあわてて殺虫剤{さっちゅうざい}たいたら私{わたし}がいられなくなって 殺虫剤 is pesticide, but I don't know how to parse たいたら. My bad guess is ...
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0answers
83 views

Why is に used in these sentences?

Does the particle に indicate direction in these sentences or why is it used here? Would someone be so kind to explain? わたしはかみにえがく。 I draw on paper. せんせいにしつもんをしている。 I ask the teacher a ...
2
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1answer
185 views

Question about ほど in this sentence

I wasn't able to find any explanation of 「ほど」 in these constructions... 「そんなテメーに盾突かれるほど頭に来る事はない」 In any case I would like to ask whether I am getting the general meaning right. Besides that I ...
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0answers
89 views

Difference between conjunctive forms: ~ます stem and ~て form

What's the difference between: 朝起きたら、まず顔を洗い、コーヒーを飲み、新聞を読みます。(ます-form) and 朝起きたら、まず顔を洗って、コーヒーを飲んで、新聞を読みます。(て-form) Both have the same meaning, but can I use this conjunctive ます stem with a ...
2
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1answer
145 views

Trouble understanding one specific lyric in a song

I was trying to translate the lyrics of a kids' song for my sister who sent it to me, but I have trouble understanding one part of the lyrics: 「課長 すてきです その一言 ピュアなまでに鈍感」 「社長 すばらしい そのアイディア ...