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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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4
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1answer
110 views

そのものだ how is it translated?

So, I recently was reading something and I found the structure そのものだ, which at first glance it is not quite mean "that thing" as I thought, and the best explanation of it that I could find was in the "...
4
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1answer
223 views

Understanding and grammar meaning behind “やったことないしなー”

I'm reading a Japanese manga and I found this "maybe" slang sentence. A female character is asked to perform as actress in a school movie and her answer is: "えーー女優とか、やったことないしなー" My guess is "An ...
2
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1answer
165 views

Is this ~んだ form an explanation?

I know the んだ form is used to give and ask for explanations, but I'm not sure about its usage in this passage; context: a girl asked a boy how much he loves her, he answer and then starts explaining ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Differences between 場所 and どこの場所

In a short story the protagonist says this sentence: そして僕は突然、自分が知っている誰からも、自分が知っているどこの場所からも、信じられないくらい遠く隔てられ、引き離されているんだと感じる I was wondering: why 自分が知っている**どこの場所** instead of just 自分が知っている**場所**.
3
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1answer
113 views

は vs が in やすい-pattern

木が浮く。 [ki-ga uku] Literal translation: Wood floats. Meaning: wood is such a material, if to put it in water, it will stay on the top, it will not sink. Let's add ~やすい / ~にくい pattern (as ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Difference between using て form and dictionary form when requesting/instructing

These are all of the different ways I can think of (I might have missed some) of how to request something in Japanese in no real particular order: しろ して してくれる してくれ してくれて してください ...
3
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1answer
238 views

Why is it more suitable to use 「V辞書形 」 than 「N+の」 right before 「代わりに」 in the following sentence?

The sentence is from my textbook, where I'm asked to pick the correct or more suitable choice from inside [ ]: 最近[ 車の / 車を持つ ]代わりに、カーシェアリングを利用する人が多い。 According to the textbook, the correct (...
5
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1answer
376 views

Verb ending in -ん with positive meaning?

I was watching an anime, and this is the context: prior to the series, the main character went in hiding after betraying her peers, since she was the only against a peace she deemed fake; while ...
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1answer
82 views

What does かとか mean in this sentence?

血筋かとか言われたくなかったんでな. I've been watching some anime and came across this sentence and while i understand what it means i can't understand the (かとか)part.
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1answer
124 views

直前に adverb or not

デートを直前にキャンセルして、彼女をかんかんに怒らせてしまいました。 In this example is 直前に an adverb?
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0answers
46 views

~たる form of a verb [duplicate]

Context: a boy is always been a head shorter than a friend of his, and he always said: いつか、必ず抜いたるけんな which I think I can quite understand ("Someday, I'm sure I'll surpass him"), but not really, ...
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2answers
76 views

近所に as an adverb

近所に刑務所ができることになって、少し不安です. In this sentence is 近所に working as an adverb? Since 近所 could be a na-adjective
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1answer
97 views

に in 両親に行ったように反乱軍に跪いてみせた

彼はひとたまりもなくかつて両親に行ったように反乱軍に跪いてみせた。 no real context, only an example sentence for 跪く 反乱軍に跪く is more obvious, kneeling at/towards 反乱軍. 両親に行った I'm far less certain of. How should I look at this?
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1answer
84 views

Need help with the famous 11 second intercom audio from Mega Man Legends 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dJxBnRth-A&t=1m40s Need 日本語字幕 subtitles for this short 11 second announcement heard in the background. I've listened to this for over a decade, and could never ...
4
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1answer
101 views

usage of は and の as posesssives

sentence: 私の犬は目が青くて、耳がグレーです。 Why is it not 私の犬の目? I cant differentiate between は and の when used as possessives
6
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1answer
189 views

Can adverbs modify adjectives?

For instance: 昔の日本は身分の差が大きく厳しい上下関係があります。 Is 大きく modifying 厳しい? But the way I understand this sentence is in ancient Japan, there were large social divides and strict social hierarchy, which is in ...
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0answers
61 views

What is the difference in connotation between できれば and できたら?

Is できれば more polite? Is one more often used when describing favors? Also could you please provide some examples?
3
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2answers
62 views

What is the correct question 何だろう or 何だろうか

How to ask a question with だろう in the correct way? Should I add か in the end? Like 何だろうか? I saw a lot of examples and almost always guys omit か in the end. And just say 何だろう;いつだろう。。。
3
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1answer
55 views

に in コントロールに苦しまなくなった

コントロールに苦しまなくなった野球系YouTuber You would want good control as a pitcher so, "to become not-suffering in control" or "attain good control" is the default way of reading this. but what exactly is コントロールに? ...
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1answer
87 views

Please help with a headline for today's news article about consumption tax

This morning (at least where I live) the top headline when I got up to look at the TBS news was as follows (source). Please correct my attempt if there is an error. 【現場から、】10%の暮らし、駄菓子の“おまけ”で苦肉の策 ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Meaning of らしたのじゃありません?

Prior to this sentence, Kawashima was talking about jumping from the school's roof with Obata-sensei; aftwerwards, another teacher is speaking with Obata, and says: 小幡先生はひょっとして、...
4
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2answers
165 views

Can the auxiliary ~やがる be used with passive voice?

I thought I heard someone use it in this way recently, but it just a conversation I overheard so I cannot be sure exactly. A standard use might be: 「あいつが邪魔しやがった。」 But can it ever be combined with a ...
3
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1answer
120 views

What is the の particle doing in this sentence when used after まで?

I have the following sentence from chapter 140 of the manga, 『五等分の花嫁』. 今の父と再婚するまでの私たちは極貧生活でした。 Context: One of the girls (of 5 siblings) is speaking with her male friend and she is discussing how ...
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1answer
77 views

Meaning of そうでもない

In this sentence: 神野{じんの}菜生子{なおこ}さして意外そうでもなくうなずいた I'm having some issue in understanding そうでもない, and according to how I read it it reverse the meaning of the sentence: as far as I understand, ...
6
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2answers
332 views

Is たらと some form of conditional?

in a book I found this sentences, which I can't quite understand: この熱意を勉強に向けてくれたらとため息をつくこともしばしばだが、自分でも覚えのあることだから、滑稽と笑うことはもちろんできない The part which puzzles me the most is たらと, which seems like two ...
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2answers
101 views

meaning of たりしてくれる

A young couple are cooking together and he mentions that this is special now but may become the usual in the distant future when they move in together someday and the like (こんな is referring to this ...
5
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1answer
299 views

“~Ni” or “~De”?

Should I use (に or で) for the following lines? Since they are time periods, I thought に would be correct, according to Times The particle ni is usually used with times: Go-ji ni ...
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0answers
41 views

What does のか mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

In this sentence: ドアの音に驚いたのか、軽く上体がかしいだ a door opens, and there is a character, whose upper body is slightly bent forward, startled by the door's sound. I think の just nominalize ドアの音に驚いた, but I'm ...
4
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1answer
137 views

Word order in 犬のホワイトチョコレート

Some time ago I was speaking with a Japanese teacher, and to say "A white chocolate dog" she said 犬のホワイトチョコレート; I asked, shouldn't it be ホワイトチョコレートの犬, since 犬のホワイトチョコレート sounded to me like "A white ...
5
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1answer
157 views

Help needed breaking down で + なんだっていう in this sentence

I have the following sentence from a manga, 「問題集作ったくらいでなんだっていうのよ。そんなの…いらないわ」, and I am not sure what 「でなんだっていう」 is doing here. I think I may be mainly thrown off by the 「で」 at the beginning. Context:...
6
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4answers
552 views

What is the relationship between 友だち, 恋人, and 仲良し in this dialog?

I can't seem to figure out how this is supposed to be parsed. For context, two characters broke up and went back to being friends, and when they get back together again, one of them says this. (This ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Meaning of と in this sentence [duplicate]

In a short story I'm reading (or trying to) I found this sentence: 屋上の手すりから、ひらひらと風になびくタータンチェックのひだスカートと、そこからにょっきりと生えた二本の脚とが見えた I think the general meaning is the character saw from the rooftop's ...
8
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2answers
290 views

Pitch Accent for ~ない and ~たい

It seems to be a pattern for i-adjectives (in their "dictionary-form") to have low intonation on the first and last morae and high intonation in between, at least if they are three morae or more in ...
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2answers
188 views

What is the subject of a sentence like 文字を紙に書いてある?

What is doing てある in 文字を紙に書いてある? I have thought of 書いてある and 書かれている as basically the same, but in 文字が紙に書かれている it is clear that 文字 is doing ている while it isn't clear what is doing てある in 文字を紙に書いてある.
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3answers
303 views

に vs. が in the ~てほしい construction

I know there are already a few questions about this topic on this website, however none of them seemed to really help me with the issue. The ~てほしい contruction is used to express that someone wants ...
0
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0answers
36 views

When should I use です instead of ます? [duplicate]

I'm just unsure of when to use them at the ending of a sentence. I know です is 'for politeness' and I never see です and ます together.
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1answer
136 views

Meaning of によって/により

I’ve come across this phrase によって/により quite often and I’ve researched and found these meanings: by Person (この本は君によって書かれた?); due to/ because of; by means of (The teacher checked their knowledge by the ...
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1answer
127 views

レポートを書かなければなりません。 [duplicate]

Please I need some help here. I am all in on learning to mimic how Japanese speak and write as well as learning proper grammar. Just knowing vocal and grammar will lead to unusual and unnatural speech,...
11
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2answers
1k views

Is the sentence “何でも忘れた” correct?

If I want to say "I forgot everything about it," I would go for "全部/全て忘れた". But then I thought what about "何でも忘れた"? I know that 何でも is followed by positive predicate. But somehow this sentence sounds ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

What's the usage of で in this sentence: 日本はユーラシア大陸の東にある島国で国の70%は山です。

日本はユーラシア大陸の東にある島国で国の70%は山です。 I translated it as something like "Japan is an island country of east of the Eurasia continent and 70% of it is made of mountains."
6
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2answers
193 views

Does ようやく mean “gradually”?

ようやく has the following definitions in romajidesu: (adv) finally; at last 「そっか」ウィリーはようやく納得した。 "Well, OK," Willie finally agreed. barely; narrowly; hardly; only just 9時20分の電車にようやく間に合った。 ...
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vote
0answers
44 views

Is this ね like ない? [duplicate]

In a short story I'm trying to read I found this sentence, and the part in bold confused me: その時間内にやってしまわねばならない仕事が山積みだった I think it means "There was a lot of work I had to do in that time", but I'...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

What is それ doing in this sentence

In reading exercise #3 of JLPT N3 読む guide, there's a sentence that contains それ and I don't understand why. 大好きなおもちゃが壊れてしまった子供にとっては、それを直してくれるおもちゃの専門家が、神様のように見えるようです。 Can someone explain to me why ...
6
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1answer
196 views

Are both of these correct sentences: 「ここに住所を書いてくださいますか?」「ここに住所を書いてくださいませんか?」?

I believe 「ここに住所を書いてくださいますか?」 means “Could you please write the address here?” And 「ここに住所を書いてくださいませんか?」 means “Would you please write the address here?” An exercise I’m doing shows the second ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

Why was し used instead of から?

通訳の仕事は視野が広がるし、自分自身も成長できるよね In this message why is し used instead of から?I thought し was mainly for when there’s multiple reasons for things. Is there another use or reason for it or is it kinda like や,...
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0answers
637 views

What does [Verb Pre-Masu Form] + [shi] do in this context? [duplicate]

I am reading Cardcaptor Sakura in order to practice my comprehension. I see a lot of pre-masu form verbs followed by し, and I am not sure if they are the "giving reasons" し, the "connecting ideas" し, ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Passive ambiguity in this passage (「あなたに向けられる視線」・「殿下が判断された」)

A is a commoner right now. B is a high ranking commander. A ceremony just finished, involving A getting bestowed a role by the queen/殿下 as a reward for some good deeds. B was in the audience and was a ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

what is に's role in this sentence?

その巨大{きょだい}な学園{がくえん}は都会{とかい}のど真{ま}ん中{なか}の一等地{いっとうち}に聳{そび}えたっていた I can understand the meaning of this sentence but I can't comprehend what「に」is meaning in it.
0
votes
1answer
92 views

To find / to look for / to detect

Whats the difference between 見つからない and 見当たらない? Is 見つけない used for physical objects? Like i cant find the book etc and 見当たらない eg -> I cant find that line on this page? In the middle of all this ...
5
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1answer
163 views

Is it ungrammatical to say Nがなく instead of Nなく when it means “without N”?

The phrase Nなく means "without N" and is used to modify verbs, as in: 彼は私を躊躇なく殴った。 He hit me without hesitation. In sentences like this, is it ungrammatical or unnatural to say Nがなく instead of ...