Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7
votes
1answer
27k views

Is aniki more “rude” than niisan?

Older brother in Japanese is "Niisan" or "Oniisan", but in your family it is used as "Ani". I have also heard that "Aniki" can be referred as brother, but is more rude. I do not understand in what way ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Are Japanese stories usually written in past tense or present tense?

This is a question that I have been pondering for a while. As anyone who has read stories written in English can tell you, most stories are written in past tense. Why? Well, the main reason is that ...
3
votes
1answer
271 views

Usage of よう without に particle

みなさん、こんにちは! So, I am a beginner. I have just started reading my first manga in Japanese, 鬼滅の刃, and I've encountered a sentence which I don't really understand the grammar for. Here it is: 丸腰{まるごし}​...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Question about ね particle

I've been doing some JLPT5 grammar practice , and I came across the following dialogue fragment: A:『勉強はどうですか』B:『そうですね。』. The reason I'm confused is I thought 『ね』 was employed as a way to seek ...
3
votes
2answers
479 views

What is the grammar behind もなければ、なければ?

Lately, I'm reading Japanese light novels. For the following sentence, I can't get the meaning behind it. 解放感もなければ、次の職を探さなければという焦りもなかった。何を思えばよいのかが、よくわからなかった。 The character said that after leaving ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

っといても after a verb

What does っといても mean after a verb, I've seen it several times. I'm guessing it's a slang form or a shortened form? I know that ても means "even if" (roughly), and I've seen って a lot so wasn't sure if it'...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What does 本当たりえる mean

I am playing the eroge Tsui no Sora and have come across a passage containing this word: 当たり前だがノストラダムスの大予言なんて出来の悪い妄想だ。 まともに考えれば小学生にすらわかる事。 だがそんな事は重要じゃない。 [Nostradamus' prophecy is an ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

「命令形 + と助詞」どんな意味?

アナと雪の女王2の「Into the Unknown・心のままに」の歌詞を翻訳していますが、次の文型が分かりません。分からない部分は この 🔴の間に... 1) 聞こえてる、でも無駄よ。目を覚ませ、🔴起きろと🔴 2) 未知の旅へ🔴踏み出せと🔴 「起きる」と「踏み出す」の意味は分かりますが、この「起きろ+と / 踏み出せ+と」という文型のニュアンスが理解できません。 皆さん、...
9
votes
2answers
669 views

Likely Sentences (Nuance in use of 〜てもらう vs Passive form)

Our professor gave us some problems where you are suppose to circle which statement the person is more likely to say. Below is an example. おまわりさん よく道を聞かれます。 よく道を聞いてもらいます。 I think this means ...
0
votes
2answers
272 views

I need help understanding the grammar in this sentence: 自分で言うのもなんだけど

I am still in the beginning stages of learning Japanese grammar and while I understand the meaning of the kanji I don't understand what のも means in the context of this sentence. 自分で言うのも なんだ けど
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Meaning of 迎えにやってくる

小さかった頃、ハリーは誰か見知らぬ親戚が自分を迎えにやってくることを何度も何度も夢見た。 When he was little Harry dreamed over and over of unknown relatives greeting him. Obviously the 'greeting him' part is wrong. I'm not sure I fully ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Difference between いたします and させていただきます

When writing in humble 謙譲語{けんじょうご} language, I see いたします and させていただきます. What is the difference between these two forms? For example both mean "I will contact you" in humble language, what is the ...
5
votes
0answers
187 views

Is a particle required after 何か?

I noticed that particles are sometimes omitted after 何か. Is there a grammatical rule that dictates omission of a particle after 何か or this is just a conversational contraction? E.g., are the following ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

i-adjective modifying ある (eg 強くありたい)

So I know that when an i-adjective like 速い becomes an adverb to modify a verb you have to change the い to く, like 速く走る (to run quickly). I'm having trouble understanding the grammar in 強くありたい. I ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

this 強くあるために meaning [duplicate]

I found 強くあるために in this song http://www.kasi-time.com/item-21360.html and http://j-lyric.net/artist/a00968f/l00381a.html I'm a bit sure that it means "to be strong" Is 強くある same with 強くなる ?
4
votes
2answers
927 views

what does this のって mean?

For context, Person A admires the new bag of person B. Person B bought it on the internet. here is Persons A's response: えっ、インターネットで買い物するのって危なくないですか。 I don't know what this のって is supposed to mean....
2
votes
2answers
297 views

Transforming (conjugating) verbs

So I am studying from an online site called Memrise but they seem to teach pretty straightforward stuff that you have to memorize in order to do them. Yeah I can ask and say things but I can notice ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Can I use the potential form with the ~たい ending?

For example, consider the two following options: 日本語の本が読めたい。 日本語の本が読むことができるになりたい。 Is the first construction valid? If so, how is it different from the second (in terms of meaning, formality, etc.)?
6
votes
1answer
247 views

What do you say for “junction” or “fork” in a path in terms of direction?

For junction I know of 交差点 but is that only for traffic junctions or can it be used generally, say, in a mall when the path splits 3 ways or more in front of you.
0
votes
0answers
33 views

ては in a series of て connected sentences [duplicate]

暑さにかこつけて、外を歩いては、すぐに喫茶店に入って休む。 財界には古美門先生を寵愛する経営者がいて、法外な顧問料をふんだくっては、今も何不自由なく遊んで暮らしている。 What is the function of は inserted in a series of て connected sentences(listed above)? I suppose it makes the flow ...
5
votes
1answer
373 views

What does ては mean in this sentence?

寝太郎{ねたろう}はのんきに空{そら}をながめては暮{く}らしておりました。 My translation: Netarou was living by heedlessly looking the sky. What does ては mean in this sentence?
2
votes
2answers
204 views

~を出る vs. ~から出る: Grammar rule not consistent

In 初級を教える人のための日本語文法ハンドブック (pg. 24), an attempt is made to distinguish between ~を出る and ~から出る (also applied to 出発する or other "leaving" verbs), but the description seems inconsistent: 「を」vs.「から」 ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

Elliptical usage of を

I came across the following elliptical sentence: 美しい伝統の国柄を明日の日本へ How does the particle を work in this case? Is it the end of a clause modifying 明日? Are both, it and the clause preceding へ ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Nuance of ひどい as cruel?

いくらなんでも、あんまりひどい。ひかりがあんなチョコレートででも組みあげたやうな三角標になるなんて。 http://contest.japias.jp/tqj2002/50133/story-old_03.html I don't quite get how to translate ひどい as cruel here, is there a nuance I'm not getting?
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Help with the “ない” in “たまには自分を解放してあげないとね”

たまには自分を解放してあげないとね My Japanese is pretty poor and I have trouble with dividing sentences into parts. So I've seen a translation for the above sentence that goes like "you should let yourself relax ...
6
votes
1answer
192 views

What does 笑みがこぼれてくる mean and how is it different to 笑みがこぼれる

愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれてくる 愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれる My question is how is the 1st sentence different from the 2nd, and what nuance does the くる add.
1
vote
1answer
49 views

があったもん vs だったもん

Just going back over an old text book to refine some lost understanding and I've come across this paragraph: あの時代がおかしかったんですよ」おやじさんが、口をはさんだ。同僚と長く続く不景気の話を始めたときのことだ。「作りさえすれば何でも売れた時代があったもんだから、...
5
votes
1answer
521 views

How does 一目 work in this sentence?

Trying to make sense of this sentence: 自分は死ぬ前に一目{ひとめ}思う女に逢{あ}いたいと云った。 Daijirin lists 一目 as a noun. However, it doesn't connect with 思う according to normal rules (there is no particle). To connect ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Meaning of あれで + noun+ だったらな

ゴリラが頭を掻いてる姿がダドリーそっくりだ。あれで金髪だったらな.....。(ellipsis as written) The gorilla scratching its head looked just like Dudley. ???? I don't know what あれで金髪だったらな means or what the grammar is. Guesses are "If ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Are 辞書形 + て and 「とらんで」 from some dialect?

I'm struggling to understand this sentence from a story I'm reading: 「あんたが心配することはない。高校ぐらいちゃんと通わせたる。それが、親の役目ってもんやないの」 おれ、高校に行ってもええのかと尋ねた息子に、母の由美子は一度、大仰に眉をひそめ、それから自分の胸をこぶしで叩き、はっきりと言い切った。 「...
10
votes
2answers
837 views

Function of the sentence final particle こと in this sentence

I am wondering what is the correct way to interpret the こと in this sentence: どこかへお花見に行きませんこと。 It is an example sentence found in the book "All About Particles" (page 120). It's described as being ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

What are the implications of 「~だこと」「~ですこと」? [duplicate]

I have seen these constructions (「~だこと」「~ですこと」) in drama and anime several times now, though, as far as I remember exclusively used by female speakers. Here is one of the sentences I came across... ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Why is there 'は' before 'あるく' in this sentence? [duplicate]

風の枯木をひろってはあるく Kaze no kareki o hirotte wa aruku To my understanding it says something like ''wind leaves picking, I walk..'' but I couldn't grasp why there is a ''は'' before ''あるく''.
3
votes
1answer
108 views

What tense of a verb should be used in the subordinate clause?

In the following example, what tense of the verb should be used: past or non-past? If both are possible will the meaning change? Children will eat anything their mother brings home. ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

What does お do in ケーキはお好きですか? [duplicate]

ケーキはお好きですか So I started learning Japanese and something caught my attention quite often. In some sentences there is an お in front of a verb. What is it doing? How does it affect the sentence. Can ...
8
votes
2answers
373 views

What is a better translation for 「自分だけバカを見る」?

I have this phrase in my JLPT textbook, as one example of the use of バカ: 自分{じぶん}だけバカを見{み}る The translation offered in the book is: Waste time and money among others The English is both awkward ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Past tense short な-adjective + ので

From what I know, ので differs to から grammatically because you add a な after な-adjectives for ので. For example: その人は意地悪{いじわる}なので、嫌{きら}いです。- I do not like that person because they are mean. But what ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

Imperative form + という方

...猫の写真を見ないですむと思うと、同情しろという方が無理だった。 When he thought that he could get away without seeing any cat photos, sympathy was impossible. In my translation I've condensed all of 同情しろという方 into just one word:...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Meaning of がい in だろうがい

What exactly does "がい" mean in the phrase "リーダーは俺だろうがい"? To give some context, here's part of the video I heard it from: https://youtu.be/44UruxeJ_20?t=1127 This was said by a comedian, so maybe it'...
2
votes
2answers
796 views

Is the proper translation for あなたを構う 'I care about you?'

あなたを構う。 I know that 構う means kamau, which is 'to care' or 'to look after'. Google translate is unsure of the answer. A proper translation would be great.
6
votes
1answer
908 views

てしょうがない/てしかた(が)ない, “You shouldn't”

As far as I know, forms like 「てしょうがない」 and 「てしかた(が)ない」 means something like "very, extremely" and "can't be helped", like: 心配する理由はなかったけど、どうしても不安でしかたなかった: I didn't have any reason to worry, but I ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

I need some help with んです/ので/ん

I was studyng from a book and I can't answer this question (and I don`t have the answers) the question is: 普通の言い方に直すとどうなりますか。 私に予約してくれんか。 a)予約してくれないのですか。 b)予約してくれるのですか。 c)予約してくれませんか。 To me all of ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Question about 「得為らざる」

I came across this sentence: 「まるで触れ得為らざるものの様な...」 I am pretty sure that this is some kind of 'archaic' speech here and found following explanations for understanding this sentence: https://www....
8
votes
1answer
389 views

きり and から: When the meaning “since” is used, how do they differ?

I saw a sentence that got me thinking―what if I used きり here instead? 彼女はこの前会ってからずいぶん変わった。 (*て form required) Then, I replaced から with きり, and asked on HiNative. X彼女はこの前会ったきりずいぶん変わった。 I was ...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

Embedded questions without particle か

(医師が患者に)薬を飲むか飲まないかを決めるのは、あなた自身ですよ。(pattern one) お酒を飲む飲まないに関わりなく参加者には一人3000円払っていただきます。(pattern two) I'd like to ask three questions. The first one is: is "verb+か+verb+ないか" (pattern one) totally ...
5
votes
1answer
559 views

Confused about ~させていただきたいと思います

それでは皆様。本日の晩餐を始めさせていただきたいと思います。 I'm a bit confused with honorific forms. I understand 始めさせて as "Allow me to start" and いただく as the humble form of もらう, but why is it いただきたいと思います. Is it just the "want" ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

Is 「short past + ろう」 like 「だろう」?

I found this form I'm not sure about: 少なくとも最後の最後、ばあさんはいいやつに会ったんだ。それで、きもちのいい運転でドライブを楽しんだ。車に乗ってるあいだは、楽しかったろう The character is speaking about an old woman who, after taking a taxi, killed herself; ...
6
votes
2answers
159 views

Understanding Xになったままで and/or まま in general

仰向けになったままで、ハリーは今まで見ていた夢を思い出そうとしていた。 Became face up ???, Harry tried to recall the dream he'd been having. まま is one of those things that fills me with dread whenever I see it in a sentence. I know ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Grammar of なんで+verb in potential form+ようか

ダドリーの誕生日———なんで忘れられようか。 Dudley's birthday — how could he have forgotten? (original English version) The nuance of the English version is that he did forget the birthday, but ...
16
votes
1answer
989 views

What is the meaning of putting あれ at the end of these statements?

I saw an ad for Indeed today that had a couple tag lines with an あれ at the end, and I don't understand their use: 求人募集【きゅうじんぼしゅう】にサーチあれ。 仕事【しごと】、バイトさがしにサーチあれ。 Normally I'd assume that あれ would be ...