Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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3
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1answer
313 views

Help with the grammar だと and なるみたい

So, I was reading a manga, and this sentence came up: 今日予報だと暑くなるみたいだよ。 I translated it as: It looks like it's going to become hot with today's forecast. There are a few questions I'd like to ...
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Do Kanji have consistency in pronounciation like Chinese HanZi? [duplicate]

I learned to speak Mandarin a while ago and have understanding of Kanji thanks to that. However, I'm new to learning and im tripping up over this, till i wrap my mind around it. Do Kanji have several ...
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53 views

勉強に行きます or 勉強しに行きます? [duplicate]

I am on みんなの日本語1chapter 13 and there is a sentence: 日本へ美術の勉強に行きました。According to their explanation, the phrase after へ can be either be a noun or a verbます-form so using 勉強します instead, is ...
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How to say “too quickly”, “too recklessly” etc

When I want to say that something is too quick, just as an example, I can simply say 速すぎる。 However, I don't quite know how I could express sentences with "too" adverbially, such as in "I became ...
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1answer
30 views

Validity of て-form of i-adjectives + も [duplicate]

I already know of the construction that takes the て-form of a verb + も and means "even if". But can this construction also be used with i-adjectives? For example, would saying the following be correct?...
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2answers
136 views

Question regarding ~をして~言わしめる

I hope I'm in the right place for asking this question. Recently I've been reading a light novel and at the beginning, there seems to be some sort of silly joke-ish "personality test" with a couple ...
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2answers
202 views

センスで嗅覚も研ぎ澄ます - “sense of sense of smell?” Why use センス?

In the Zelda video game guidebook I am translating there is a part of the game where you transform into a wolf and have to rely on your senses. The title of this section of the guidebook is ...
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768 views

Break down the phrase “shitsurei shinakereba naranaindesu”

I've just heard the phrase shitsurei shinakereba  naranaindesu used as Excuse me, I have to leave. The explanation said it literally translates to If I don't leave, it won't do, but I need help on ...
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Is it ok to use ~て下さりました instead of ~ていただきました?

Just to avoid repeatedly saying いただきました too much, can I occasionally switch it with 下さりました or 下さいました?
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1answer
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一つしか違いません in this context,

A is the sempai of B, both are girls A『私にも妹が居たら‥‥アナタみたいな感じなのかしらね?』 B『ちょっと違うと思いますよ。』 B『私とAさんは一つしか違いませんし‥‥それに、私の妹は私とは正反対の元気な子ですから。』 A『性格とか年の数はどうでもいいのよ、いわゆる気分の問題なんだから。』 B『んー、...
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1answer
139 views

Research on かのように, and other よう constructs

I wanted to learn more about よう constructs, in particular the かのよう(な)(に) and かのようだ constructs, so I did some research. The following is what I've found so far. よう - a noun that can turn into a ...
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1answer
130 views

Unable to interpret these sentences: 「まいばんくにのかぞくにでんわします」「このまちにはゆうめいな建物があります」

Hi there I was given a couple of exercises, from which I can figure more or less the right answer but I can't interpret it totally (I see no logic between the sentences and the possible reply) First ...
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1answer
108 views

Grammar of ~がどうかは問題ない

A textbook I am reading through provided the following explanation of ~を問わず: ~がどうかは問題なく、どれにも同じことが言える。 I understand the basic idea of what this means because I've read English explanations of を問わず ...
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1answer
309 views

What are the functions of というのは, かというと and がですね in this sentence?

その場面というのはどういった場面かというと、ナチスの兵士がですね、ユダヤ人を職業別で分けていきます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 0:55 Translation from subtitles: There’s a scene where the Nazi’s are separating the ...
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62 views

Trouble understanding のも in this sentence

I am having trouble understanding the significance of のも in this sentence: そう考えるのも当然だ。
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1answer
157 views

Usage of に in たくさん人参を食べると、きれいになります。 [closed]

Is this right: たくさん[人参]{にんじん}を[食]{た}べると、きれいになります。 Was に used correctly? The example sentence I saw was: たくさんピザを食べると、おおきくなりますが、いつもスポーツをすることが好きです。 Thank you!
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2answers
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Difference between します and されます

I'm trying to figure out the exact difference in the usage of します and されます. For example: (something)画面が表示します。 (something screen) will display 画面が表示されます。 (the screen will be displayed) ...
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Use of に in 「私には本物の若殿様がわかります」

English What function is に serving in this sentence (the speaker has been asked to pick out the real lord from a group of people): 私には本物の若殿様がわかります I know who the real young lord is It seems ...
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What is the meaning of 今回のように?

If you run 今回のように through google translate, it gives: "As of this time", and "Like this time", but nobody speaks like this in real english. もちろん。 それだけじゃありません。 今回のように有名人を島にお招きするのも村おこしの一環なんです。 Of ...
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2answers
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Does し here mean the “do” verb stem or is it expressing reasons? And why is も used without は?

I'm reading Tae Kim grammar and there is a sentence which I can't relate to either of two grammar rules (see topic name): A:旅行の計画は終わった? A: Are the plans for the trip complete? B:うん、切符を買ったし(!)...
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Are both 遠く and 遠くに adverbs? If yes, are them interchangeable?

The i-adjective 遠{とお}い means far, distant. From what I know, I can make an adverb out of an i-adjective by replacing い with く, which should give me 遠く. Now, the word 遠く is also a noun itself, which ...
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1answer
107 views

Why does こっそり not use the particle に? [duplicate]

I am reading Disney's Aladdin to learn Japanese. Here is a portion at the start: 馬に乗って2人の男が、アラビアの砂漠のはずれで、約束の時間に、こっそりとあいました。 Two questions: Just to confirm, はずれ means "on the outskirts", right? ...
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1answer
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Is the pattern V + に行く used with -する verbs?

Is it natural to say, for example 散歩しに行く? Or would you rather say 散歩に行く? If both are acceptable, is there any difference in meaning or usage? よろしくお願いします。
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ていい after potential form

I was listening to the song 命に嫌われている and came across the following lyrics: 寂しいなんて言葉でこの傷が表せていいものか そんな意地ばかり抱え今日も一人ベッドに眠る I don’t understand what ていい is doing here. An attempt at a direct ...
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When referring to herself, is there any pronoun other than お母さん when speaking to her children?

Consider the following conversation quoted from a textbook used in my class. 鈴木 is the mother of 鈴木伸. 鈴木:伸ちゃん、お母さんが試着{しちゃく}している間、ここで待っていてね。 鈴木伸:うん。 In my understanding, お母さん is used to refer ...
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1answer
102 views

Which categories of verbs (transitive, atelic, etc) can you use with ~そう (seems to; appears)?

I've just studied そう (as in: seems like; about to) in class and I wanted to know why you can use some verbs and not others. For instance, 雨が{あめが}降りそう{ふりそう} works out semantically and grammatically, ...
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2answers
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Are there any consistent rules as to how to distinguish words in Japanese?

I got involved with tokenization (mecab, kuromoji) and got confused as to what a "word" is in the Japanese language. Scenario 1: "たべません" analyzed by a tokenizer, outputs the following tokens: たべ ...
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1answer
53 views

Difference between 行きます and 来ます in this context [duplicate]

I was messaging my friend telling her I'll meet her at the library and I said もうすぐ、私は図書館に来ます。 (I'll come to the library soon.) She corrected me saying 図書館に行きます not '来ます'. Why 行きます? I'll 'go' ...
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2answers
153 views

This use of 以前に

Context: two guys are talking about a fictional futuristic sport, which is basically athelets racing each other in some huge mecha suits. One of the guys seems interested about becoming a racer in ...
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1answer
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Does ところを always mean the same thing as のに? What is the difference between ところへ and ところに?

One of my JLPT books, 総まとめ文法N2, uses the following examples to explain the grammar pattern ところだ: お忙{いそが}しいところをすみません。(=忙{いそが}しいのに) → I am sorry to bother you at this busy time. 会{あ}いたいと思{おも}...
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126 views

When to omit だ when answering questions?

Maybe this is a stupid question, but in Minna no Nihongo it says to omit だ when giving a positive answer to a question. Question: こんばんひま? Answer: うん、ひま。 But it is not explained if one can omit だ ...
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234 views

Most natural way to use the negative with つもり

Which is more natural to say in Japanese? Do they have slightly different connotations? 食べないつもりです。 (I intend not to eat.) 食べるつもりはないです。 (I do not intend to eat.) Also, are those translations fairly ...
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454 views

Usage of 以前 here

From conversation in an anime (へうげもの、第15話): (古田佐助) 遠く南蛮に至るまで小さきが良いなどと聞いたこともございませぬ。 (千宗易) 茶頭である以前に、しがない魚問屋にすぎぬ私ですらわかるのです。いずれ皆にも伝わることでしょう。(字幕) Is it 以前 ② or ③ from here? I'm confused because ③ ...
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Adjectives functioning both as イ- and ナ-adjective

This question has made me think about the class of adjectives, which can function both as イ- and as ナ-adjective, e.g. 大きい 大きな 小さい 小さな 真っ白い 真っ白な (etc.) 細かい 細かな 暖かい 暖かな 四角い 四角な (etc.) 柔らかい ...
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3answers
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The real meaning of の when asking a question

It seems to be the season for asking questions about questions, and with every question and answer I read I get more confused. What is the difference between: 1) どこに行く 2) どこに行くの I'm assuming 1) ...
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ところ+particle(助詞) precision

Hy, I am currently working on with 新完成マスター N3 for my grammar part and I get stuck on a small section of the lesson related to ところ(~p.17)。 So far, I understand that, according to this lesson, ところ can ...
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3answers
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Correct translation of こともない in this sentence

Just before the quoted passage, the narrator says a whistling going "Don!" happens at the same time as he stumbles and ends up stooped. Then: もちろん、いくら昔の話でも発車のベルは「ドン!」などとは鳴らないし、発車のベルが人を突き飛ばすこともない。 ...
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1answer
53 views

Why is で used in this sentence 両方セットで差し上げます?

So I'm reading a manga and this girl is giving a guy two pieces of paper. She says "正直者ですね。両方セットで差し上げます。” I would think that a を particle would be used here since the set of papers is an object. "I ...
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1answer
112 views

How to say “When is the last bus to X”

I was just wondering how to properly ask when the last bus to somewhere is. Could you say (using Tokyo, for example) When is the last bus to Tokyo? 東京 に 終バス は 何時ですか Tōkyō ni shū basu wa nanji ...
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What does どうかと思う mean?

I can't seem to get a good grasp of it. I found a few example sentences and read on weblio that it means: to think (something) is improper; to question; to have a problem with. From the sentences I ...
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1answer
48 views

もう + た-form AND た-form + こと が ある

What is the difference between these two sentences? 寿司をもう食べた 寿司を食べたことがある Both sentences mean "I've already eaten sushi", right? But what situation would I use もう食べた in? And when would I use ...
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1answer
121 views

Why is the る left off すぎる in this sentence?

Here is my sentence. おしろ あんたが頼みすぎなんだよ。 First, I'm not sure what おしろ means, perhaps somewhat could inform me since Jisho and google translate are both giving results that I don't think are correct....
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1answer
567 views

What is the meaning and grammatical construction of 人って?

I am trying to understand the grammar behind "[noun]って". I looked up some examples on space alc web, and 人って seems to mean people, someone, or some person. I have seen other examples of the [noun]って ...
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39 views

〜たことある/ない vs 〜たことあった/なかった

I see these as example sentences on sites, and I cant figure out the nuances between both. When would you use the past form of this phrase?
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1answer
117 views

What is the meaning? — 誰かいないのか

I need your help. "誰かいないのか" As far as I understand it, this translates to something like, "I want to know, if there somebody, who is available now" The questions are: Is the translation ok? Could ...
16
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2answers
4k views

Sentence (question) ending かい - how is it different from just か?

I sometimes find questions that are normally ended with the question particle か to end with かい. For example: いいかい? そうかい? あいつがどうかしたかい? And sometimes with just い without か (if I understand ...
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1answer
88 views

So that + adjective? [closed]

How would you translate something like “so that you are/can be X”? I bought this so that he’ll be safe. I want to do this for you so that you’re happy!
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1answer
77 views

「ようとしない」と「ことがある」の違い

皆さん、こんにちは。 I’m right now learning the pattern 「ようとしない」 but I can’t tell the difference on a negative statement using 「ことがある」. 例 「彼は、自分のことは言おうとしない。」 「彼は、自分のことについて話すことがない。」
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1answer
87 views

How to distinguish 恐れがある and かねない?

Both かねない and 恐れがある mean that there is the possibility that something bad can happen. However, I would like to know if there are some differences that make them apart. Thank you!
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56 views

食べていました meaning “Have eaten” or “Just ate” [duplicate]

I know that the te imashita is the past progressive, yet when asking if my japanese friend had eaten, she often replies with tabetenakatta, and my teacher says the te iru form can also mean " Have ...