Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

249 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it correct to use adjectives before 限り?

I'm studying for level N2 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test and have a question about 限り. I find in my book that 限り meaning "as long as" can be preceded by adjectives, but in A ...
7
votes
1answer
401 views

What is the difference between といったところです and というところです?

銀行に変化を促しているのがタイの中央銀行です。 日本で言えば、日銀が腰を上げて、変革の旗振り役をしているといったところです。(source) Could we replace といったところです by というところです here? If yes, what would be the difference? If not, why?
6
votes
1answer
419 views

Are both of these correct sentences: 「ここに住所を書いてくださいますか?」「ここに住所を書いてくださいませんか?」?

I believe 「ここに住所を書いてくださいますか?」 means “Could you please write the address here?” And 「ここに住所を書いてくださいませんか?」 means “Would you please write the address here?” An exercise I’m doing shows the second sentence ...
6
votes
1answer
378 views

"~Ni" or "~De"?

Should I use (に or で) for the following lines? Since they are time periods, I thought に would be correct, according to Times The particle ni is usually used with times: Go-ji ni ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between に伴って and と共に?

Can somebody explain to me the difference between と共{とも}に and に伴{ともな}って? I believe that sometimes they can be used interchangeably, but not always. Moreover, their basic meanings also seem to differ. ...
6
votes
1answer
751 views

Casual Speech Particles in Classical Japanese

I'm writing a simple Japanese skit for my class and there is a place where an ancient samurai needs to speak a few sentences of Classical Japanese. I can mostly make the sentences, but it seems weird ...
5
votes
1answer
181 views

Cases where として and にとって are overused/ cannot be used

I've been reading through Imabi, and one of the notes on the site was about inappropriate use of として and にとって in contexts of contrast and although phrases. These three were listed as examples of ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

Is it ungrammatical to say Nがなく instead of Nなく when it means "without N"?

The phrase Nなく means "without N" and is used to modify verbs, as in: 彼は私を躊躇なく殴った。 He hit me without hesitation. In sentences like this, is it ungrammatical or unnatural to say Nがなく instead of ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

Usage of 焚き付ける in this sentence

The topic is Gilgamesh here. 「英霊の座」スレ住民。タンクトップにジャージのズボン、バンダナに指抜きグローブ姿の立派な引きこもりニートで、その上セイバーのストーカーでもある。遠坂邸に居候しており、カソックにフリルのエプロン姿の家政婦のおじさんが生活全般の面倒を見ている。 いつも自信満々に全く説得力皆無のアドバイスを戦車男に焚き付けては、...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

What's the difference between ないわけにはいかない and ずにすまない??

I think they both mean that you have to do something because there is a social pression like なければならい、but I'm not certain that I can use them interchangeably. Could somebody confirm it?
4
votes
0answers
109 views

〜で〜て欲しい rather than 〜に〜て欲しい: a mistake?

逢桜「いえ、わたしの後悔を先輩で晴らして欲しいですから」 I understand from the story that 逢桜 doesn’t want her 先輩 to make the same mistake as 逢桜 did, so she says "I want senpai to clear my regrets". But why is で used ...
4
votes
0answers
135 views

Is 「何もしないで暖かくする」 ambiguous?

I was reading this answer and I came across this: (A) 何もしないで暖かくする (ambiguous) (B) 何もしなくて暖かくする (unambiguous) I'm not sure why A is ambiguous, but here's my understanding: unlike なくて, ないで doesn't ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Negative and past forms of ようだ and らしい

My doubt is, when using the structures ようだ and らしい, when do you congujate the verb or adjective before ようだ and らしい in negative or in past or both, and when do you conjugate NOT that verb or adjective, ...
4
votes
0answers
220 views

question with でしょうか

こんにちは。質問があります。 1.「行くのでしょうか」 2.「いきますでしょうか」 Why is "の" needed in the first sentence to form a question, but in the second sentence there is no need for "か" to form a question?
4
votes
0answers
196 views

Trouble ないで vs なくて

In this answer it is said that the usage of なくて is narrower than ないで(ないで can always replace なくて according to the logic explained and is ambiguous because of that) But in this question, the answer says ...
4
votes
1answer
508 views

Regarding がある/のある

I'm writing somthing for my Japanese class currently, and I wrote 「おいしい食べ物のあるレストラン」and I thought that when ある was modifying a noun you could change it to の but my teacher corrected it to が. Are there ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What does ~ながらにして mean?

Can someone please explain the bold grammar? せんてんてき 【先天的】 《ダナ》生まれながらにして持っていること
4
votes
0answers
212 views

Connecting の adjectives

So when connecting い adjectives you go from い to くて Like: おもしろい 楽しい -> おもしろくて楽しいです。= interesting and fun And with な adjectives you add で Like: きれいな やさしい -> きれいでやさしいです = pretty and kind So what ...
4
votes
1answer
459 views

に ambiguity in こういった[A]の対応には少なからず救われている部分があった

あまりにも子供じみた言動に呆れる。 だが、こういった[A]の対応には少なからず救われている部分があった. 深く踏みこまずに居場所を与えてくれるこの距離感に、周囲の人間も惹かれて集まってくるのだろう。 I'm tripped up on the second sentence. Is the 部分 part of the childish behavior, or the person ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

ものだ expressing ambiguous emotions/concern?

This article lists many examples of using ものだ to articulate "deep concern." The author of this article explains that when you connect words which indicate desire like …たい and 欲しい with ものだ, your speech ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

Couldn't "ni" particle be used in this example?

I'm a total newbie learning japanese as you will see, so please be patient with me. I have this sentence from my textbook: Shiken no toki jisho o minai de kudasai! Because it was a new lesson, I ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

~てない - ambiguity between ている and てある

手を上げてない人は私だけです。 上げてない is the negative form of てある right? Most people would omit the い in ている. So for me it is hard to differentiate if てある or ている is used since both sounds the same (negative only). ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Understanding てっと at the end of sentence

桐葉「雪妃エレナは分かるんだけど、今日も逢桜は休み?」 ゆめみ「作業日なのに3日もサボリとか……逢桜さんらしくないよね」 寿季「とはいえLIMEに既読もつかないしな……桐葉の方はどう?」 桐葉「私も連絡したけど、なしのつぶてよ。茶店のほうも臨時休業中の張り紙があったし」 寿季「とりあえず心配だから、一言でもいいからメッセージが欲しいってLIMEに書いてっと」 I understand the ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

一時はどうなることかと思った vs 一時はどうなるかと思った

「一時はどうなることかと思ったけど、怪我の功名ってやつね。」 I also found the expression 一時はどうなるかと思った(「At one point [For a while] I was really worried.) in a dictionary. Are both 一時はどうなることかと思った and 一時はどうなるかと思った the same? If not, ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

What would be the function or meaning of わけですし?

『それにしても、随分と思い切りましたわね、士道さん』 狂三が、面白がるような口調で言ってくる。士道は一瞬口ごもってから返した。 「……仕方ねえだろ。それに、狂三だって賛成したじゃねえかよ」 『まあ、それはそれですけれど。ーー確かに、折紙さんが現れる前に<ファントム>を追い払うことができたのなら、折紙さんはそもそも攻撃する目標を失うわけですし』 The context is that ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

transitive vs intransitive verbs in relative clauses

Is there a difference in interpretation or how one would understand sentences that use a transitive vs intransitive verb? e.g. in the below 味噌汁を入れたマグカップ vs 味噌汁が入ったマグカップ 「でもお前、俺のこと好きだったじゃん」 「……...
3
votes
0answers
192 views

Understanding of をだけを

In a comment on this question it was pointed out that the combination "をだけ" appears a lot in a Google search, despite my thought that it was ungrammatical. On closer inspection it seems that many of ...
3
votes
0answers
120 views

Using 場合 with adjectives

I was learning the uses of 場合は from japanesetest4you.com (in the sense "in the event of"), and couldn't help but notice that, although it behaves like a noun, its uses with adjectives were not listed. ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

ところ、よう and other words of many uses

This may be a bad question, since it's not very specific and I am very long winded. I've studied Japanese on and off 7 years, though my level is very low and I never had much immersion besides a year ...
3
votes
0answers
333 views

When is it okay to not use desu?

I've been looking around for this, but all I can find is pretty basic stuff about desu. I've studied Japanese, but writing texts in Japanese still stumps me sometimes. Right now I'm wondering about ...
3
votes
0answers
157 views

Usage of ところ to represent time with に and で

I am trying to understand the grammar of using ところ with に and で when using ところ to represent the time that actions have happened. These are (ungrammatical) sentences I made up: 1) ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + Adjectiveですか。 ...
3
votes
0answers
326 views

~ば vs ~ていれば in counterfactual conditionals

In l'électeur's answer here, he claims (with such confidence that he bolds the belief) that the correct way to say the English sentence "If I had turned right back then, I wonder what would have ...
3
votes
0answers
239 views

What does には mean in this case?

The sentence in question: 休日の繁華街は平和な賑わいに満ちていた。道行く人々の笑顔は眩しく、街灯はどこまでも明るく、一足早いクリスマス模様のショウウィンドウには、まるで世界中の幸せを寄せ集めて詰め込んだように華やかだった。 I would normally think of には following after something like ショウウィンドウ to ...
3
votes
1answer
796 views

Different ways to express 'if A happens'

What is the difference between "soshite", "suruto" and "sorede"? I am unable to distinguish the used-cases - they all seem to indicate 'If A happens then...' jibun no ...
3
votes
1answer
677 views

Confusion regarding "〜てからでないと・・・"

recently I purchased a grammar book to help me prepare for the JLPT N3. One of the constructions I have come across is "〜てからでないと・・・." And I understand it's basic function (I think...). From what I ...
3
votes
0answers
450 views

The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

~くらいなら/~ぐらいなら・・・

ディオ「や・・・殺るか・・・い・・・いや 今はまずいッ!警察を介入させるぐらいなら最初からやっているッ!目的はあくまでこの家の財産!完全犯罪でなくてはならん!」 A short excerpt from the ジョジョの奇妙な冒険 manga. Quick backstory to the aforementioned quote: Dio, who has been adopted into ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Difference between いたします and させていただきます

When writing in humble 謙譲語{けんじょうご} language, I see いたします and させていただきます. What is the difference between these two forms? For example both mean "I will contact you" in humble language, what is the ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

Origin of 「~ にとって」?

I just encountered the 「~ にとって」 construction, as in: 「私にとって家族は大切です。」- "Family is important to me". I think I understand what it's supposed to mean. However, I couldn't find any information about the ...
3
votes
1answer
468 views

Is ないとダメ a stronger "must" than なければダメ?

I learned that one way to form a "must" sentence is "negative verb + conditional + ダメ・ならない・いけない": I mainly see two kinds of conditional used - the 仮定形 and と. For example 食べないとダメだ。 ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

when to use あります vs です

I am not 100% sure that I get the difference between あります and です. I understand parts of it, for example "わたしはマルクスです" using あります doesn't make sense for me here as I think it is more of a &...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to say "Should I [do something]?"

There was a similar question here, but it was more along the lines of "Should we do something together?", and I'm not sure it fits my case. For example, how do you say "Should I bring something to the ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Are 接続詞 a syntactically unified class or classes of words, and what are the rules governing them?

A recent comment under a question of mine prompted me to consider how 接続助詞 work syntactically, and to discover that different ones follow different 形 (Japanese Wikipedia has a nice list). However, no ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Are 並立助詞 (Parallel-marking particles such as とか・や・…) coordinating conjunctions?

Assuming that a coordinating conjunction is a conjunction which links two phrases of the same phrase type (e.g. NPs) and create a larger phrase of the same type, it seems to me 並立助詞 should be ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

what is the difference between 海に泳ぎに行きます and 海に行って泳ぎます

correct me if i'm wrong. my teacher said, に行きます mean purpose this sentence 海に泳ぎに行きます makes sense if someone asked 来週の休みの目的は何ですか? what does 海に泳ぎに行きます mean without someone ask question?
2
votes
0answers
77 views

な with a な-adjective before another adjective

赤ちゃんも安全な温かい場所で大きく強くなる。 This sentence is from a book for young children. Why aren't the two adjectives connected with で (安全で温かい場所)? I'm not sure if it's important, but in the book the sentence is ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Difference between どれだけ and どのくらい and どんなに

It seems that どれだけ can be used interchangeably with どのくらい and どんなに, but is there any difference in nuance? For example: (どれだけ/どんなに)聞いても意味が分からない (どれだけ/どんなに)説明しても、あの人はわかってくれない 彼の身長は(どれだけ/どのくらい)ですか。 ...

1
2 3 4 5