Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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What is the difference between といったところです and というところです?

銀行に変化を促しているのがタイの中央銀行です。 日本で言えば、日銀が腰を上げて、変革の旗振り役をしているといったところです。(source) Could we replace といったところです by というところです here? If yes, what would be the difference? If not, why?
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What is the difference between に伴って and と共に?

Can somebody explain to me the difference between と共{とも}に and に伴{ともな}って? I believe that sometimes they can be used interchangeably, but not always. Moreover, their basic meanings also seem to differ. ...
Alex16's user avatar
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あなたがこの文のおかしいと思うところは?

The structure strikes me because the underlying transformation seems to be like this: [ あなたが ] [ この文の  ~ところを ] [ おかしいと ] 思う [ あなたが ] [ この文の  _____ ] [ おかしいと ] 思う ところは~ Another similar example is: [ ...
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Casual Speech Particles in Classical Japanese

I'm writing a simple Japanese skit for my class and there is a place where an ancient samurai needs to speak a few sentences of Classical Japanese. I can mostly make the sentences, but it seems weird ...
ithisa's user avatar
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Why do you put 名詞 plus の before ようだ, but you put 名詞 plus な before わけだ?

I looked up the dictionary, and found "よう" and "わけ" are both grammatical nouns (形式体言). But why is the 接続 different? Moreover, I found many sentence patterns have their own rules. ...
CN.hitori's user avatar
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1 answer
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Cases where として and にとって are overused/ cannot be used

I've been reading through Imabi, and one of the notes on the site was about inappropriate use of として and にとって in contexts of contrast and although phrases. These three were listed as examples of ...
Shurim's user avatar
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Usage of 焚き付ける in this sentence

The topic is Gilgamesh here. 「英霊の座」スレ住民。タンクトップにジャージのズボン、バンダナに指抜きグローブ姿の立派な引きこもりニートで、その上セイバーのストーカーでもある。遠坂邸に居候しており、カソックにフリルのエプロン姿の家政婦のおじさんが生活全般の面倒を見ている。 いつも自信満々に全く説得力皆無のアドバイスを戦車男に焚き付けては、...
Splikie's user avatar
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What's the difference between ないわけにはいかない and ずにすまない??

I think they both mean that you have to do something because there is a social pression like なければならい、but I'm not certain that I can use them interchangeably. Could somebody confirm it?
Alex16's user avatar
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What is the difference between んだ/のだ being conjugated and it being added to the end of a verb or adjective?

I was reading Tae Kim and I came across two different ways of using んだ, one was to add it to a conjugated verb and the other was to conjugate the んだ itself. Would this affect the meaning of the ...
edanregan24's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Having a hard time breaking down this sentence and understanding the meaning

Here's the sentence カン蛙のよろこびようと云ったらもうとてもありません。 I know カン蛙のよろこび refers to "Kan the frog's joy", and I believe that I should read this sentence like this to help understanding the meaning : ...
vdegenne's user avatar
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Can そうにする be placed after all adjectives to form the meaning: (to pretend to be sth)

For example: I saw 偉そうにする (to act important) in my textbook. Could every adjective or 連用形 fit in this structure? ex. きれいそうにする (to act pretty) ばかそうにする (to act like a fool) 見られなそうにする (to act as one can ...
K N's user avatar
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Is 「何もしないで暖かくする」 ambiguous?

I was reading this answer and I came across this: (A) 何もしないで暖かくする (ambiguous) (B) 何もしなくて暖かくする (unambiguous) I'm not sure why A is ambiguous, but here's my understanding: unlike なくて, ないで doesn't ...
Nameless's user avatar
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Difference between どれだけ and どのくらい and どんなに

It seems that どれだけ can be used interchangeably with どのくらい and どんなに, but is there any difference in nuance? For example: (どれだけ/どんなに)聞いても意味が分からない (どれだけ/どんなに)説明しても、あの人はわかってくれない 彼の身長は(どれだけ/どのくらい)ですか。 ...
Hoover Gonzalez's user avatar
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Understanding 可能形+もの

「……折紙さんはもう除隊しやがってますし、真那は裏切り同然の形でDEMを出奔していやがります。正面から行って入れてもらえるものですかね?」 The speaker (真那) and her friend (折紙) wanted to enter a military base that they used to belong to. The speaker was asking 折紙 ...
chino alpha's user avatar
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一時はどうなることかと思った vs 一時はどうなるかと思った

「一時はどうなることかと思ったけど、怪我の功名ってやつね。」 I also found the expression 一時はどうなるかと思った(「At one point [For a while] I was really worried.) in a dictionary. Are both 一時はどうなることかと思った and 一時はどうなるかと思った the same? If not, ...
chino alpha's user avatar
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What would be the function or meaning of わけですし?

『それにしても、随分と思い切りましたわね、士道さん』 狂三が、面白がるような口調で言ってくる。士道は一瞬口ごもってから返した。 「……仕方ねえだろ。それに、狂三だって賛成したじゃねえかよ」 『まあ、それはそれですけれど。ーー確かに、折紙さんが現れる前に<ファントム>を追い払うことができたのなら、折紙さんはそもそも攻撃する目標を失うわけですし』 The context is that ...
chino alpha's user avatar
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3 votes
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Can this sentence be interpreted in more than one way?

I read a sentence 彼女はわかっていた。あるいは、わかっていると思っていた。 It was translated as "She knew, or she thought she knew/knows." Prior to seeing this translation, in my head, I interpreted it as "I knew her, or ...
rebuuilt's user avatar
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Nuances and context of linking without 〜て / dropped 「て」in linked constructions

(Taken from ジョジョの奇妙な冒険6部: When Jotaro talks to Jolyne about who got her into prison.../ for those who do not know the series: The persons speaking to each other are father and daughter but have a ...
Himula's user avatar
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Trouble ないで vs なくて

In this answer it is said that the usage of なくて is narrower than ないで(ないで can always replace なくて according to the logic explained and is ambiguous because of that) But in this question, the answer says ...
Sante Kyaku's user avatar
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The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
Alex Shpilkin's user avatar
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1 answer
678 views

when to use あります vs です

I am not 100% sure that I get the difference between あります and です. I understand parts of it, for example "わたしはマルクスです" using あります doesn't make sense for me here as I think it is more of a &...
munHunger's user avatar
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1 answer
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Couldn't "ni" particle be used in this example?

I'm a total newbie learning japanese as you will see, so please be patient with me. I have this sentence from my textbook: Shiken no toki jisho o minai de kudasai! Because it was a new lesson, I ...
yierstem's user avatar
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1 answer
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~てない - ambiguity between ている and てある

手を上げてない人は私だけです。 上げてない is the negative form of てある right? Most people would omit the い in ている. So for me it is hard to differentiate if てある or ている is used since both sounds the same (negative only). ...
Dekiru's user avatar
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What is the tense of 「卒業して5年になる」?

I was studying the te-form in depth and found out that it can be used as a starting point (起点) and a Japanese friend of mine told me that it is the same as ~てから; just an omission of から. It seems to be ...
BIG-95's user avatar
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Word choice of は vs が for this sentence

I know が and は have been done to death, (like this What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)?) but i recently read a line a it got me kind of confused. It was 「なんで大人はいるの?」 So, I believe は ...
Infernoboy's user avatar
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What are the differences between ~といわれている, ~とされている and ~と考えられている?

I understand that these verbs related to expressing a certain belief or viewpoint. I frequently confuse the three. From what I can understand the meanings are: ~といわれている Repeating or reporting on ...
Ambo100's user avatar
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1 answer
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When would you have things like desu or masu twice or more in one sentence?

I was reading the sentence: ホテルは高いから、友達のうちに泊まるつもりです, and I thought, "Can't you also write the sentence as:" ホテルは高いですから、友達のうちに泊まるつもりです. But, then couldn't you also stick in だ after the 高い, (...
Infernoboy's user avatar
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のなんのって and variations

Do the structures のなんのって, のなんのと and のなんのといって / のなんのと言って refer to the same and can be used interchangeably? If so, is there also any other variation of のなんのって that can be used in the same way? A time ...
Rick's user avatar
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What's the purpose of か in 自分に1年間頑張ったご褒美といいますか、プレゼントとして服をかいました。

Encountered in this video at around the 0:35 mark. https://youtu.be/EtmZtv5vwvA Full sentence: まだ11月で、クリスマスまで1ヶ月ほどありますが、自分に1年間頑張ったご褒美といいますか、プレゼントとして服をかいました。 I understand the sentence as "It's ...
Alex's user avatar
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1 answer
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The meaning of 内 with other Kanjis

Konnichiwa , I found this sentence on the news recently : "政府内には、「信教の自由を脅かしかねない」との慎重論もあるが、宗教法人法に基づく調査が実施されれば、初めての事になる。" And I can't figure out whether "政府内には" means "inside ...
Z Ea's user avatar
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0 answers
132 views

Understanding 仕方ないところ

慣れない手つきで敬礼をした、共和国の紺青の軍服の白銀種の少年に、白々とした空気が先任であるシンたち五人の間に漂う。 事前に話は聞いていたとはいえ、共和国市民。反発を覚えるのは仕方ないところだろう。 と、集められた仲間たちの白けた雰囲気を感じつつ、シンは口を開く。 「元は軍人じゃないな。──なぜ志願を? 敬語はいらない、こちらも似たようなものだ」   人間と無人機という、扱いの違いこそあれ。 86─...
chino alpha's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is the following usage of について natural?

This is a sentence I came across when I was reading about 書体 on Wikipedia: 書体(しょたい)とは、一定の文字体系のもとにある文字について、それぞれの字体が一貫した特徴と独自の様式を備えた字形として、表現されているものをいう I feel について here is used as は (i.e. a topic ...
goldenlight's user avatar
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0 answers
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です vs ありますwhat is the difference between the two? Can they ever be interchangeable?

Q: 日本語の授業は毎日ありますか。一日に何時間ですか。 A: 日本語の授業は毎日あります。一日に二時間あります。 I have questions about the difference between “です” and “あります” regarding the above sentences taken from my textbook. Why is that “です” was used ...
user112563's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
258 views

Understanding てっと at the end of sentence

桐葉「雪妃エレナは分かるんだけど、今日も逢桜は休み?」 ゆめみ「作業日なのに3日もサボリとか……逢桜さんらしくないよね」 寿季「とはいえLIMEに既読もつかないしな……桐葉の方はどう?」 桐葉「私も連絡したけど、なしのつぶてよ。茶店のほうも臨時休業中の張り紙があったし」 寿季「とりあえず心配だから、一言でもいいからメッセージが欲しいってLIMEに書いてっと」 I understand the ...
chino alpha's user avatar
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2 votes
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Are 接続詞 a syntactically unified class or classes of words, and what are the rules governing them?

A recent comment under a question of mine prompted me to consider how 接続助詞 work syntactically, and to discover that different ones follow different 形 (Japanese Wikipedia has a nice list). However, no ...
Sam's user avatar
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0 answers
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な with a な-adjective before another adjective

赤ちゃんも安全な温かい場所で大きく強くなる。 This sentence is from a book for young children. Why aren't the two adjectives connected with で (安全で温かい場所)? I'm not sure if it's important, but in the book the sentence is ...
Enguroo's user avatar
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Circumstances where polite form is never used?

I am trying to understand when plain conjugations should be used in polite speech. My basic understanding is that plain conjugations are always used when they are followed by particular particles, ...
interpolack's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
353 views

what's the meaning of だもん

Yamato and Takeo are discussing why their friend Suna is acting strange lately and Yamato suggests that Suna may be lonely. I heard this expression a lot lately and was wondering what it could mean.
torajuro's user avatar
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Understanding にもかかわらず usage in this context

In the recent Kanokari chapter, Ruka was explaining to Kazuya why he shouldn't go out with the rental girlfriend. Below is her dialogue 和也はお客で、二人の関係はビジネス たとえ優しくされたと感じても、それは業務の一環であり、壮大な勘違い にもかかわらず、...
Jimmy Yang's user avatar
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Using も alone to mean 当然 / “naturally”

I’ve found a usage of も that doesn’t seem to be in any dictionaries, but I’m convinced exists. The structure is: 「〜だから or 〜ば、〜もする」 And the meaning should be: 「〜だから or 〜ば、〜するのも当然のことだ」 “Because ... or ...
Jerry Fielder's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
285 views

~させ給う - How to interpret?

おお・・・我らが慈母アマテラス大神 御許がこの世を去られて幾星霜時世経て久しくなりにけるも この蘇神ひと時も欠くことなく今日の日を待ち申しけり 御許の御隠れの際に転び出でし十三の筆神はこの広い人界に惑い散り散りになりにけり 我は天の星座となりて生き長らえたるをいま一度御許に仕わせ失せ物の蘇るを見継がせ給え! この力あらば涸れた天の川など忽ち星くずで溢れさせ給いぬ Note: アマテラス大神, ...
Boolicious's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
76 views

Under what circumstances can you abbreviate forms like ないとならない?

For example, if you have this sentence: 急がないとならない You can just say: 急がないと But what if the sentence is...? 急がないとならないからあとで話そうね Can you omit ならない there? It would turn into: 急がないとからあとで話そうね It ...
Fernando's user avatar
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0 answers
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Why can't により be used with "concrete, tangible objects"?

According to "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar" p. 297, により/によって can be used as "a particle that indicates means" その問題は話し合いに{よって/より}解決出来るはずだ。 We should be able to ...
seesta's user avatar
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0 answers
151 views

Why are 近く and 多く nouns?

The く-form of 近い and 多い can be used as nouns and adverbs. For most adjectives, however, the く-form is only used as an adverb. So why do these exceptions exist?
kennysong's user avatar
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0 answers
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Explanation for 変わった and 似た as adjectivals

I often see the two verbs 変わる and 似る used in their た-form when modifying nouns and I'm not really sure exactly how to make sense of them. 変わる: e.g. as in 「変わった人」. Here I'm wondering why it's not just ...
Kaskade's user avatar
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0 answers
220 views

Is というのだ similar to "in addition"? Or it is "they said"?

まだ十香の件にさえ納得がいっていない様子の折紙である。そんなところにもう一人精霊が現れたというのである。それは不審に思うだろう。だが、かといって<ラタトスク>のことを説明するわけにもいかない。 『ーー君の説明だけでは、信憑性が足りなっかたのだよ。何しろ自己蘇生能力に……精霊の力を吸収する能力というんだ。にわかには信じられん』 ただでさえ、女子の手作りクッキーをいただくなんてのは、...
chino alpha's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
292 views

Break down ... にはならない

The context of my question is the usage of a grammar point from a JLPT 文法 textbook. It is not the grammar point itself that I am asking about, but rather the grammar used to explain the grammar point. ...
Cabbage's user avatar
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Difference in words for saying "how + adjective"

I would like to know which is the difference between the structure いかに~か and{どんなに/いくら/どれだけ/どれほど/なんと}~か? I know that いかに is the old version of どんなに, but what about the rest of words? Could I say the ...
Rick's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
103 views

What does て-form plus が mean?

I'm reading 「傘を持たない蟻たちは」and there is a sentence that reads:「その肌の白さが際立ったのは、着ていたタンクトップと肘から手にかけてが黒かったからだった。」What conjugation is て-form plus が?
Hayli's user avatar
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0 answers
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Intuitive way to justify this usage of「に」

An earlier question on JP.SE asked about the usage of the particle「に」for what seemed to be attribution or possession, but I wasn't sure if those were 'official' uses of「に」and I decided to do some ...
JansthcirlU's user avatar
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