Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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What is the difference between といったところです and というところです?

銀行に変化を促しているのがタイの中央銀行です。 日本で言えば、日銀が腰を上げて、変革の旗振り役をしているといったところです。(source) Could we replace といったところです by というところです here? If yes, what would be the difference? If not, why?
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あなたがこの文のおかしいと思うところは?

The structure strikes me because the underlying transformation seems to be like this: [ あなたが ] [ この文の  ~ところを ] [ おかしいと ] 思う [ あなたが ] [ この文の  _____ ] [ おかしいと ] 思う ところは~ Another similar example is: [ ...
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Casual Speech Particles in Classical Japanese

I'm writing a simple Japanese skit for my class and there is a place where an ancient samurai needs to speak a few sentences of Classical Japanese. I can mostly make the sentences, but it seems weird ...
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Cases where として and にとって are overused/ cannot be used

I've been reading through Imabi, and one of the notes on the site was about inappropriate use of として and にとって in contexts of contrast and although phrases. These three were listed as examples of ...
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Negative and past forms of ようだ and らしい

When using the structures ようだ and らしい, when do you conjugate the verb or adjective before ようだ and らしい in negative or in past or both, and when do you conjugate NOT that verb or adjective, but instead ...
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Specific use of してまで

Recently I've been reading Michael Emmerich's "New Penguin Parallel Text" for Japanese short stories. In Yoshimoto Banana's "A Little Darkness," there's a passage that describes ...
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~ば vs ~ていれば in counterfactual conditionals

In l'électeur's answer here, he claims (with such confidence that he bolds the belief) that the correct way to say the English sentence "If I had turned right back then, I wonder what would have ...
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What is the difference between に伴って and と共に?

Can somebody explain to me the difference between と共{とも}に and に伴{ともな}って? I believe that sometimes they can be used interchangeably, but not always. Moreover, their basic meanings also seem to differ. ...
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Why do you put 名詞 plus の before ようだ, but you put 名詞 plus な before わけだ?

I looked up the dictionary, and found "よう" and "わけ" are both grammatical nouns (形式体言). But why is the 接続 different? Moreover, I found many sentence patterns have their own rules. ...
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Can the は particle be a topic and contrast marker at same time?

I know the は particle can function as a topic marker or contrast marker. But can it be topic and contrast marker at the same time? Here are a few examples: A) ビールは飲{の}まない。 B) 肉{にく}は食{た}べないけど魚{さかな}は食{...
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Usage of 焚き付ける in this sentence

The topic is Gilgamesh here. 「英霊の座」スレ住民。タンクトップにジャージのズボン、バンダナに指抜きグローブ姿の立派な引きこもりニートで、その上セイバーのストーカーでもある。遠坂邸に居候しており、カソックにフリルのエプロン姿の家政婦のおじさんが生活全般の面倒を見ている。 いつも自信満々に全く説得力皆無のアドバイスを戦車男に焚き付けては、...
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What's the difference between ないわけにはいかない and ずにすまない??

I think they both mean that you have to do something because there is a social pression like なければならい、but I'm not certain that I can use them interchangeably. Could somebody confirm it?
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Understanding としたうえで

民事訴訟法の改正案では、現在は書面に限られている裁判所への訴状や準備書面の提出について、オンラインでの手続きを可能にするとしたうえで、弁護士などの代理人には、オンラインでの提出を義務づけるとしています。 How should I understand the bold としたうえで? Does it mean the same as としたら? And にする already means &...
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Is 「何もしないで暖かくする」 ambiguous?

I was reading this answer and I came across this: (A) 何もしないで暖かくする (ambiguous) (B) 何もしなくて暖かくする (unambiguous) I'm not sure why A is ambiguous, but here's my understanding: unlike なくて, ないで doesn't ...
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Understanding 可能形+もの

「……折紙さんはもう除隊しやがってますし、真那は裏切り同然の形でDEMを出奔していやがります。正面から行って入れてもらえるものですかね?」 The speaker (真那) and her friend (折紙) wanted to enter a military base that they used to belong to. The speaker was asking 折紙 ...
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一時はどうなることかと思った vs 一時はどうなるかと思った

「一時はどうなることかと思ったけど、怪我の功名ってやつね。」 I also found the expression 一時はどうなるかと思った(「At one point [For a while] I was really worried.) in a dictionary. Are both 一時はどうなることかと思った and 一時はどうなるかと思った the same? If not, ...
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What would be the function or meaning of わけですし?

『それにしても、随分と思い切りましたわね、士道さん』 狂三が、面白がるような口調で言ってくる。士道は一瞬口ごもってから返した。 「……仕方ねえだろ。それに、狂三だって賛成したじゃねえかよ」 『まあ、それはそれですけれど。ーー確かに、折紙さんが現れる前に<ファントム>を追い払うことができたのなら、折紙さんはそもそも攻撃する目標を失うわけですし』 The context is that ...
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2 answers
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ていく (auxiliary verb) - Clarification on nuance

I was revising the grammar for ていく and got this sentence from the Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar. これからは寒くなっていく The meaning the book gave was that "It will get colder (and continue to be ...
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What's the difference between 調整する and 整える?

Both meanings are about adjust or fix, but I can't manage to understand why 温度を調整した ( right ) 温度を整えた ( wrong ) If 整える usually means fix something to the right condition/state the second ...
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Nuances and context of linking without 〜て / dropped 「て」in linked constructions

(Taken from ジョジョの奇妙な冒険6部: When Jotaro talks to Jolyne about who got her into prison.../ for those who do not know the series: The persons speaking to each other are father and daughter but have a ...
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Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + Adjectiveですか。 ...
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3 votes
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312 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
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Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
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3 votes
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Trouble ないで vs なくて

In this answer it is said that the usage of なくて is narrower than ないで(ないで can always replace なくて according to the logic explained and is ambiguous because of that) But in this question, the answer says ...
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3 votes
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The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
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Connecting の adjectives

So when connecting い adjectives you go from い to くて Like: おもしろい 楽しい -> おもしろくて楽しいです。= interesting and fun And with な adjectives you add で Like: きれいな やさしい -> きれいでやさしいです = pretty and kind So what ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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when to use あります vs です

I am not 100% sure that I get the difference between あります and です. I understand parts of it, for example "わたしはマルクスです" using あります doesn't make sense for me here as I think it is more of a &...
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Couldn't "ni" particle be used in this example?

I'm a total newbie learning japanese as you will see, so please be patient with me. I have this sentence from my textbook: Shiken no toki jisho o minai de kudasai! Because it was a new lesson, I ...
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~てない - ambiguity between ている and てある

手を上げてない人は私だけです。 上げてない is the negative form of てある right? Most people would omit the い in ている. So for me it is hard to differentiate if てある or ている is used since both sounds the same (negative only). ...
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です vs ありますwhat is the difference between the two? Can they ever be interchangeable?

Q: 日本語の授業は毎日ありますか。一日に何時間ですか。 A: 日本語の授業は毎日あります。一日に二時間あります。 I have questions about the difference between “です” and “あります” regarding the above sentences taken from my textbook. Why is that “です” was used ...
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2 votes
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Understanding てっと at the end of sentence

桐葉「雪妃エレナは分かるんだけど、今日も逢桜は休み?」 ゆめみ「作業日なのに3日もサボリとか……逢桜さんらしくないよね」 寿季「とはいえLIMEに既読もつかないしな……桐葉の方はどう?」 桐葉「私も連絡したけど、なしのつぶてよ。茶店のほうも臨時休業中の張り紙があったし」 寿季「とりあえず心配だから、一言でもいいからメッセージが欲しいってLIMEに書いてっと」 I understand the ...
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Are 接続詞 a syntactically unified class or classes of words, and what are the rules governing them?

A recent comment under a question of mine prompted me to consider how 接続助詞 work syntactically, and to discover that different ones follow different 形 (Japanese Wikipedia has a nice list). However, no ...
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2 answers
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What does adding or removing the question mark in sentences ending with ね change about the meaning, if anything?

What does adding or removing the question mark in sentences ending with ね change about the meaning, if anything? 暑いですね 暑いですね? 去年もそのシャツ着てたよね 去年もそのシャツ着てたよね?
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2 votes
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な with a な-adjective before another adjective

赤ちゃんも安全な温かい場所で大きく強くなる。 This sentence is from a book for young children. Why aren't the two adjectives connected with で (安全で温かい場所)? I'm not sure if it's important, but in the book the sentence is ...
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Difference between どれだけ and どのくらい and どんなに

It seems that どれだけ can be used interchangeably with どのくらい and どんなに, but is there any difference in nuance? For example: (どれだけ/どんなに)聞いても意味が分からない (どれだけ/どんなに)説明しても、あの人はわかってくれない 彼の身長は(どれだけ/どのくらい)ですか。 ...
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2 votes
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Circumstances where polite form is never used?

I am trying to understand when plain conjugations should be used in polite speech. My basic understanding is that plain conjugations are always used when they are followed by particular particles, ...
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2 votes
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165 views

what's the meaning of だもん

Yamato and Takeo are discussing why their friend Suna is acting strange lately and Yamato suggests that Suna may be lonely. I heard this expression a lot lately and was wondering what it could mean.
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Understanding にもかかわらず usage in this context

In the recent Kanokari chapter, Ruka was explaining to Kazuya why he shouldn't go out with the rental girlfriend. Below is her dialogue 和也はお客で、二人の関係はビジネス たとえ優しくされたと感じても、それは業務の一環であり、壮大な勘違い にもかかわらず、...
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Using も alone to mean 当然 / “naturally”

I’ve found a usage of も that doesn’t seem to be in any dictionaries, but I’m convinced exists. The structure is: 「〜だから or 〜ば、〜もする」 And the meaning should be: 「〜だから or 〜ば、〜するのも当然のことだ」 “Because ... or ...
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2 votes
1 answer
187 views

~させ給う - How to interpret?

おお・・・我らが慈母アマテラス大神 御許がこの世を去られて幾星霜時世経て久しくなりにけるも この蘇神ひと時も欠くことなく今日の日を待ち申しけり 御許の御隠れの際に転び出でし十三の筆神はこの広い人界に惑い散り散りになりにけり 我は天の星座となりて生き長らえたるをいま一度御許に仕わせ失せ物の蘇るを見継がせ給え! この力あらば涸れた天の川など忽ち星くずで溢れさせ給いぬ Note: アマテラス大神, ...
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Under what circumstances can you abbreviate forms like ないとならない?

For example, if you have this sentence: 急がないとならない You can just say: 急がないと But what if the sentence is...? 急がないとならないからあとで話そうね Can you omit ならない there? It would turn into: 急がないとからあとで話そうね It ...
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Why can't により be used with "concrete, tangible objects"?

According to "A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar" p. 297, により/によって can be used as "a particle that indicates means" その問題は話し合いに{よって/より}解決出来るはずだ。 We should be able to ...
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1 answer
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届けるなってな meaning

I cannot understand the sentence from the grammar point. Could you please explain "届けるなってな" to me? Why do the Japanese attach なって after the "る" form. What does the particle "な&...
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Why are 近く and 多く nouns?

The く-form of 近い and 多い can be used as nouns and adverbs. For most adjectives, however, the く-form is only used as an adverb. So why do these exceptions exist?
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Explanation for 変わった and 似た as adjectivals

I often see the two verbs 変わる and 似る used in their た-form when modifying nouns and I'm not really sure exactly how to make sense of them. 変わる: e.g. as in 「変わった人」. Here I'm wondering why it's not just ...
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Is というのだ similar to "in addition"? Or it is "they said"?

まだ十香の件にさえ納得がいっていない様子の折紙である。そんなところにもう一人精霊が現れたというのである。それは不審に思うだろう。だが、かといって<ラタトスク>のことを説明するわけにもいかない。 『ーー君の説明だけでは、信憑性が足りなっかたのだよ。何しろ自己蘇生能力に……精霊の力を吸収する能力というんだ。にわかには信じられん』 ただでさえ、女子の手作りクッキーをいただくなんてのは、...
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2 votes
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Difference between して and させて

I know the basic difference between して and させて。 however in the following examples, I am getting a little confused. アプリを起動して。 アプリを起動させて。 車を発進して。 車を発進させて。 How exactly are they different?
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Break down ... にはならない

The context of my question is the usage of a grammar point from a JLPT 文法 textbook. It is not the grammar point itself that I am asking about, but rather the grammar used to explain the grammar point. ...
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Difference in words for saying "how + adjective"

I would like to know which is the difference between the structure いかに~か and{どんなに/いくら/どれだけ/どれほど/なんと}~か? I know that いかに is the old version of どんなに, but what about the rest of words? Could I say the ...
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What does て-form plus が mean?

I'm reading 「傘を持たない蟻たちは」and there is a sentence that reads:「その肌の白さが際立ったのは、着ていたタンクトップと肘から手にかけてが黒かったからだった。」What conjugation is て-form plus が?
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