Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
53 views

Do [贈]{おく}り物 and プレゼント mean the same thing?

The use of loan words such as プレゼント are used much more just like カメラ is and such. So should i just disregard [贈]{おく}り物 and focus my memory on something else or do you know if [贈]{おく}り物 is still used ...
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63 views

Odd position of adjective

In one exercise I'm doing, it has the following sentence: 世界で一番木の古い建物は法隆寺です。 In this case, the position of the adjective 古い looks odd to me. I normally find it appear before noun or noun phrase, so I ...
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How do I know when kana are included in the kanji or inflected?

What is the reading from this brief line from Final Fantasy 5? ばっつ! 立てっ! Bartz! Standup! Is the kanji read ta? That would make it たてっ, or is the kanji read tachi? How would I know to drop the ち if I ...
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34 views

A reverse sentence structure?

So I have been watching this Japanese TV Series called Mare and I've been wondering most of the time on their sentence structures. It's something like this: しょうがないですね? とるーさんは。 Can someone explain ...
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Passive voice with ている

When a verb in the passive voice is used in the ている form, what nuance does that carry? Some examples: 図書館はいろいろな情報が集められています。 米は特にアジアで食べられています。 漢字は中国や日本などで使われています。 中国からお茶が輸入されています。 My interpretation ...
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2answers
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What does ~ないことはない mean?

I have looked up the '~ないことはない' grammar and it says it means either 'can' or 'is not impossible to' Link to grammar site. I see that it's a double negative. However, I have this sentence that I've had ...
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84 views

how do you use ごと

hi i found ごと through immersion and when i looked it up it says it is a normalizing suffix can anyone clear this out for me i am still confused of how to use this word. example sentence if it helps ...
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「の為の」 in certain contexts

So I've seen this usage of 為 pop up twice now and I still can't figure out what its exact meaning is supposed to be, here's the two cases in question: I found this one in a videogame, where the ...
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お正月には「初詣」といって…grammar

In my text book I have a sentence I’m struggling with. The paragraph reads 「日本人の生活を見ると、神棚と仏壇を祭る他にも、もっと色々な宗教的習慣や行事があることに気がつくだろう。まず、お正月には「初詣」といって、人々は神社やお寺にお参りに行き、お守りやお札をもらう。 The part that gets me is how ...
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不思議に思う meaning/grammar

In my text book I have the sentence 「どうして神様や仏様を同時に祭ることができるのか不思議に思うかもしれない」 Does this translate to “how can they worship both Buddha and other gods at the same time, they will think strangely”. When I ...
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Can someone help me understand what the と particle is doing in this sentence?

I'm fairly certain the と particle here is the conditional form. But I could be totally wrong. それが真実であると仮定しよう。 The translation I have for it is, "Let's suppose it is true". But it seems odd ...
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How would the meaning of this sentence change if ものだから becomes から (or ことから)

I saw this Anki card today: 家が狭いものだから、大きい家具は置けません。 For a long time, the mediocre learner in me has brushed off this sentence as just an equivalent of 家が狭いから、大きい家具は置けません。 But I have been thinking ...
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What is the exact translation of this sentence?

There is this sentence in my textbook that I don't quite understand the structure of: スイスのクレーマーさんですか、ドイツのクレーマーさんですか. So if I understood it correctly it's asking if that person is from Switzerland or ...
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てを form grammar [duplicate]

I encountered this sentence with を directly after て: バックヤードの小包も減っては増えてを繰り返していたが、今日あたりから減る一方になっていた。 Is this a proper usage of を? I normally see を after either a noun or の. Here's how I think what the ...
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Meaning of にあるとのことだった

I found this sentence, of which I understand the general meaning, but can't really grasp the role and implication of the last part: 呼ばれてやってきた電気屋が調べたところ、故障の原因は室外機の基板が壊れていることにあるとのことだった As far as I ...
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Ambiguity when describing with verbs, e.g. 酒を飲ませる人

Here's a small thing I never thought about for too long as I always kinda dismissed it due to the context usually being clear enough, but now I've gotten curious and I figured I'd ask away: Let's take ...
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Multiple subject?

When I say I’m now busy, it’s 今は忙しい But what I don’t understand is that 今 is being used as the topic. I’m this sentence, the real person that’s busy is me, so if I choose to not omit the person, but ...
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The usage of じゃなりません [closed]

From grammar lessons, I’ve learned that the base format of “the test is not tomorrow” is 試験は明日じゃない。 However, nobody speaks like this and the polite form should be 試験は明日じゃないです。 Or, more formally, ...
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what is the usage of the でーparticle in this sentence?

context:the article which i was reading is about a female model who has been doing photography sessions with certain companies. しばらく就職活動で忙しくなるということで、このタイミングで撮影できたのはラッキーでした< what i don't ...
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Meaning of っていうことで

In an interview, a band member replied to a question about why they decided to release 2 songs at the same time. So she said that it was their manager who told them that the band was contacted to ...
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When a verb in the present expresses the past, is it CORRECT to conjugate it to the past and still nothing changes?

If あの子どもは、それを口に入れるや、吐き出した is correct, is あの子どもは、それを口に入れたや、吐き出した also correct? If yes, has the meaning changed at all?
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Trying to make sense of a sentence in Akutagawa's “Hell Screen”

Towards the end of chapter 10 of Akutagawa's Hell Screen, その度にばさ/\と、凄じく翼を鳴すのが、落葉の匂だか、滝の水沫とも或は又猿酒の饐ゑたいきれだか何やら怪しげなものゝけはひを誘つて、気味の悪さと云つたらございません。 Source which translated to The flattering of wings is ...
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Problem with understanding the action of いる in 決まった場所にいる代わりに

In a recent article 仕事で外国に行く前にPCR検査の予約ができるようにする from NHK Easy Japanese I found this sentence, (which I give here in a bit abbreviated form): [...]着いてからしばらくの間、決まった場所にいる代わりに、PCR検査で[...]...
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1answer
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Usage of している in cases of talking about experience

I have a doubt regarding the use of している in cases of punctual verbs. I inferred it out that the difference between た form i.e. the Japanese past form and ている (When it is used in Perfectual Sense) it ...
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Use of「ことがわかる」in this sentence

I encountered this sentence in an article from NHK News web easy: 今まで国からお金をもらうためには、旅行した人が本当に利用したことがわかる書類などを「Go Toトラベル」の事務所に出さなければなりませんでした。 I cannot understand what 「本当に利用したことがわかる書類」means in this case. ...
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Different ways of saying “good night” in Japanese [closed]

I know that おやすみなさい means "good night" in Japanese and it can be shortened to おやすみ. What is the difference between the two? In English there are other phrases such as "sweet dreams"...
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help with breaking down this sentence: 私が今まで見た中で最も面白いもの

私が今まで見た中で最も面白いもの I (think?) understand the meaning of the sentence but I have a hard time understanding the grammar. My two questions are: What is the role of the で In mid sentence? I’ve been told ...
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549 views

Arimasu is used for things that aren't living. are there exceptions to this?

My learning program gave me this sentence: 私 は 彼女 の 考え 方 に 就いて 興味 が 有り ます。 Translated as "I'd be interested to know what she thinks." However i've been lead to believe that should be imasu ...
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what does 急ぐついでに mean?

This phrase appears in the first episode of the anime Acchi Kocchi: 急ぐついでに早く行って暖房の恩恵にすがろうかと What does this 急ぐついでに mean?
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そう with verbs in different forms as well as the differences with みたい

Here are a couple of sentences: 雨が降るそうです 雨が降りそうです Does 1 mean I hear it will rain, while 2 means It seems it will rain?? And then, what about tenses?: 雨が降ったそうです ? 1 meaning I heard it will rain? ...
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The grammar of ~たい と焦がれながら

The character was describing her life, and has finished the previous sentence with a full stop. She then said・・・・・・なんてことない日々を変えたい、と焦がれながら. It's translated as "Hoping that some day something ...
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1answer
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橘花: きっか or きつか? When つ in compound words turns into っ?

I can't find any grammar rules about transformation of つ in っ in compound words. For example 橘花 (WW2 japanese jet). 橘 is きつ and 花 is か. Pronunciation is not きつか but きっか (some people say きつか is ok too, ...
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I ask for an explanation about the なの in [祖母は耳が遠い、つまり、耳が少し不自由**なの**だ。] [duplicate]

Is なの considered as a whole (grammatical expression)? Or is it な ,to make 不自由 an adj, and の seperately? If 2) is the case, what does の mean here?
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What is the point of using 謂わば in this sentence?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fv7ZYbhTLco&t=4m7s 関節と関節の間は謂わば関節である Google translate only gives the following: So-called joints are between joints
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3answers
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Do Japanese use 順番、順番! as a command, like in the military?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Jp6trk9Ljs&t=3m41s 何のためのくじ引きだと思ったんだ ? はい、はい!順番、順番!? はい、 A 組以外は、はい、 戻る ! Or did I misunderstand these sentences?
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Difficulty understanding the following sentence 穴? 一体何を証拠に…

So usually when there is an omitted part of a sentence its pretty straightforward to know what the rest of the sentence way going to say. However in this case its really confusing me. This is a scene ...
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1answer
35 views

What's the difference between というものではない、というものでもない and というわけがない?

I often encounter these three forms, but I'm sure that they are not always interchangeable. Someone could explain me the difference and perhaps provide me some example too?
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What does して have to do in [駅を降りたら、どこからともなく美味しそうないい匂いがしてきた。]? [duplicate]

Why wasn't it just [駅を降りたら、どこからともなく美味しそうないい匂いがきた。] without adding して? What is the role of して in the sentence? that して is supposed to be the 'te' form of 'suru' verb right? What is the closest English ...
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is 対する an adverb in[ 彼女は質問に対する肯定とも否定ともとれる返事が上手い。]?

Is 対する an adverb in the sentence below? If it's not an adverb, which noun of the sentence is it attached to, 肯定 or 否定 or 返事?? Japanese: [彼女は質問に対する肯定とも否定ともとれる返事が上手い。] English: [She's really good at ...
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Someone could explain me what is the meaning of に in this sentence?

皆さん、こんにちは 次のテキストはわからない文があるんですよね。 この文がわからない理由は"に"ですから。 この場合、にの意味が本当に知りませんよ! だから、助けてください 『サイト内の例文の再配布は不可です。 個人での学習にお使いください』
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What does て-form plus が mean?

I'm reading 「傘を持たない蟻たちは」and there is a sentence that reads:「その肌の白さが際立ったのは、着ていたタンクトップと肘から手にかけてが黒かったからだった。」What conjugation is て-form plus が?
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Can someone explain to me what's going on grammatically with “出せって”"? [closed]

EDIT: Oh my gosh nevermind I had misidentified the base word, need to work on those listening/reading skills. It's 出す not 出る. 出す is a godan verb and everything works if it's a godan verb. ORIGINAL ...
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1answer
59 views

~たform / ~辞書form + 場合は

In「みんなの日本語」, the first part of this sentence, with the た-form verb, is translate in simple present tense : 時間に遅れた場合は、会場に入れません。 If you are late, you will not be able to enter in the room. Si vous êtes ...
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1answer
69 views

How often and where usually is ずとも encountered?

I encountered this sentence in my Anki app: 彼は目が見えずとも素晴らしい演奏をしました。 Although the grammar point is fairly simple, I have never encountered ずとも outside my grammar reviews. I also think that なくても can do ...
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1answer
94 views

で and に when you use them!

Since I started learning Japanese I have always thought that when talking about something that will occur at a certain time you either use 「に」 or nothing. For example, 来月の終わりに誕生日のパーティーをします。 明日日本に行きます。...
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1answer
81 views

Meaning of っていうのは without っていうことだ

あんた、だって、懐かしいっていうのは昔行った場所に久しぶりに行くから感じるんやろ Came across this sentence while playing a visual novel and just had a small question. Would I be correct in saying there is a ということ omitted just after the 感じる?...
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31 views

Is it true that のが sometimes means のですが? [duplicate]

のが would usually mark a subject, but someone once told me it could mean のですが. Is this true or did I get bad information? This is from ビジテリアン大祭 私がニュウファウンドランドの、トリニテイの港に着きましたのは、恰度大祭の前々日でありました。事によると、...
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1answer
101 views

What does the “も” mean in ”ーてもいいですか”

When asking for permission to do something in Japanese, a common form is the te form verb + もいいですか . My question is does the te form "nounify" or nominalize the verb and what grammatical ...
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1answer
69 views

What is this もの referring to?

This sentence is found in the author's introduction to a Japanese listening study book. 本書「中~上級編」は、こうした学習者の会話能力の底上げのために日本語教室で5年以上にわたり、1000人以上の学習者に使われてきたものを修正し改良を加えたものです。 My translation: "To help ...
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1answer
136 views

Person name + 的

In a short story I'm reading I found this dialogue: 「やりたいことがあるって、いいよね。どうしたらみつけられるのかな」 雅世{まさよ}はきょとんとした。 「藤岡{ふじおか}的にはぁ、やりたいことがないヤツのほうが不思議なんですけど?」 藤岡的、が出てしまった。雅世は自分のことを苗字で呼ぶ。 I'm confused about 藤岡的, ...

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