Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Is the particle に and its multiple functions just the general and reduced version of more specific に phrases like にとって, に対して?

Sorry if it seems like a silly question but since I'm studying Japanese through immersion I have no idea if this is common knowledge or not. The particle に when used alone can have many different ...
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What does 経とうとしていた mean in this sentence?

気づけば、その繰り返しで数ヶ月が経とうとしていた。 The context of 繰り返し stands for "I had to go to the hospital many times (入院、退院、通院)". First, I don't know if (時間が)経つ means "to pass time (doing something)" ...
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difference between います and でいます and です?

When I Google translate the following three sentences, it gives me the same answer. Can someone explain me the differences and when to use them? 僕は彼の兄です 僕は彼の兄います 僕は彼の兄でいます It is all translated as &...
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I cannot understand the answer, please heple me (multiple choice, grammar about the timing of an event)

question: 30.ハンバーグを作るのは難しいと思っていたが、()思ったより 難しくなかった。 A.作っているうちに B.作ったとしても C.作ってみると D.作った後で I chose D,but the right answer is C,why?I think C and D both are pertinent,can anyone clarify the discrepancy?...
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Confused by the meaning of this sentence + combination of "....とはまた違う" [MC is comparing his maid with his secretary]

Context : MC is comparing his maid with A (his secretary). She's the chief maid in his family, and used to be his nanny + personal tutor since he was still a little kid. And I'm confused by this ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Meaning of ~だのと in this sentence

I encountered this sentence in a manga and can't quite parse it: 情だの何だのと乳繰り合ってるようなヤツらは踏み台にすればいい Context: a woman is jealous about her love interest getting close with another person (and meeting ...
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Meaning of ただでさえ

Context: the girls need to hide in a shop run by a man who always makes them buy something if they go in in normal times. もし、あの店に逃げ込んだら、ただでさえとぼしいまる子の財布への打撃はさけられない。 If they took refuge in that shop ...
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difference between な+はず and の+はず for nouns?

I have been seeing both のはず and なはず used here and there, apparently なはず is usually used for な adj and の for nouns, but I came across this sentence recently where they are both nouns, but 1 uses な and ...
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When should I use どうやら?

So I learn recently the word どうやら and the fact that it comes with らしい・みたい. Until now I have been using only らしい・みたい, so my question is why people are adding どうやら at the start? is it neccery?
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Can we replace the ものか with ことか? And why?

その中間、デスクの前に『休め』の姿勢で立つシンは眉一つ動かさない。独断専行の数々と軍規違反。必要だったからしたこととはいえ、詰問も懲罰もむしろ当然のことだ。  違反の内容からして拘束くらいはされるだろうと思っていたが、今のところ尋問程度で済んでいるのは、扱いを測りかねているものか。 86 ─ エイティシックス ─ Ep.2 ─ ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント ─〈上〉 安里アサト Is the ...
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What does 何一つ mean in positive phrases?

In negative sentences it means "nothing", but what does it mean in positive ones? I found it in this sentence from a song(立ち入り禁止 by まふまふ) and I was wondering what it meant here. ...
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What can の必要から possibly mean?

From 付(き)合い(つきあい) つき‐あい〔‐あひ〕【付(き)合い】 の解説 1 人と交際すること。「彼とは長い―だ」 2 義理や社交上の必要から人と交わること。「―が悪い人」「―酒」 →交際[用法] Wouldn't で be better here? I think sounds better imo. (Please correct me if I'm wrong) And if the ...
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Can you help me understand these parts in these two sentences? [closed]

唯一の友達だった人も、「きしょい」といってくるようになりました。 After putting it in a translator I understand what the sentence means and the first part makes sense to me. It's the part I put in bold that I don't know how to break ...
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What does 香代は香代で (Kayo wa Kayo de) mean in this context ?[A husband is speaking about his wife's career, explains why she left him and their child] ] [duplicate]

when reading i met this sentence but not sure about this part ,much thanks if anyone can explain to me its meaning 「香代は香代で、考古学研究の第一人者ですから。そんな人間を、私と穂花で独り占めするのはもったいない」 My guess : "Because Kayo (his ...
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2 votes
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What is the meaning of か in phrases such as ~ばかりか and ~のみか?

I'm studying N2 grammar and I was surprised by the meaning of ばかりか and のみか when I first came across them. E.g: あの人は、学校の成績がいいばかりかスポーツもできる。 I can see these か forms are the same as ばかりでなく and のみならず (...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Understanding に in 砲撃に

稼働を止めたブレードを力任せに敵機に叩きつけ、半ばで折れ飛ぶのも気にせず次の敵機に向かう。至近距離で炸裂した近接信管の砲撃に砲弾片がコクピットに飛びこみ、サブスクリーンの一枚を叩き割るのに視線も揺らさぬ。ただ目の前の敵機だけに意識の全てを向けている、鋭利に凍りついた紅い瞳。 86 ─ エイティシックス ─ Ep.2 ─ ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント ─〈上〉 安里アサト Does the ...
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Kimi ni negai wo? [closed]

I listened Miyavi's song and wondered why it's named like that. Please enlighten me, Thank you 🙏
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1 vote
2 answers
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Meaning of 残す, 結びつく and ては

First, a bit of context: there is a knight who grew up with the princess, and they were very close; in the end they killed each other (which is said in the prelude, and then the story kinda goes back)....
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1 vote
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What does 「そう」mean in this sentence? 「ねっ 私の手を引き剥がそうと しないでほしいです」

This line comes from episode two of Konosuba ねっ 私の手を引き剥がそうとしないでほしいです From my understanding of 「そう」, its a verb form for something might happen. For example, 「あの木、倒れそうだよ」would mean "That tree is ...
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Who invented the te-form concept?

Today, this question came to my mind when I started cerebrating about what it actually is. My conclusion is that: Te-form is simply another name for the concept of 連用形+て(助詞) that native Japanese ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Grammar question about song lyrics

I'm learning a song from the pillows One Life, The first couple lines go: 青い芥子の花びらが 風もなく揺れてたら Aoi keshi no hanabira ga Kaze mo naku yurete tara If the blue poppy's petals sway without the wind... ...
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1 answer
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Understanding ということでもあって

同時に部隊全員の援護を担当するその役割は、部隊全員の状況に目を配っているということでもあって、面倒見のいいライデンにはうってつけの役目だ。ライデン自身は絶対に認めないが。 86─エイティシックス─Ep.2 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈上〉 安里アサト ライデン is a person’s name. Is the bold part roughly the same as ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Understanding 変わってくる

作戦域に生き残りがいるか否かで、取れる戦術は変わってくる。力及ばず敗走したならせめて、その程度の情報だけでも援護に来た仲間に渡さなければ。 「もういない、我々が最後だ! 他の隊は、……みな、屑鉄どもにやられた」 『そうですか』  案じるでも悼むでもない、ごく平淡な、突き放した響きの声だった。  噂に聞く〝死神〟のパーソナルマークは、首の無い骸骨。   では──こいつがあの、エイティシックスの。 『...
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1 vote
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Why can't に対して be used in this sentence?

I'm currently using the 新完全マスター N2 Grammar book. One of the questions required completing the following sentence: 今回の選挙では、環境税 () 候補者たちの意見が対立している。 Two of the options were に対して and をめぐって, and をめぐって ...
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1 answer
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Using 単一 in Place of ある

So I'm working through a text book and wondering why I can't make the sentence "山田さんは、私の単一の友達." According to my colleague, you can, however, say "山田さんは私のある友達だ." Is it really ...
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Do Japanese communicate differently than other people? [closed]

So, today I read some information about the Japanese language but I don't know the real source of it, it says that Japanese instead of saying "do you want to drink this lemon juice?" they ...
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Why isn't と necessary in the following list of items?

This is a Google Translation: English: We can talk in Chinese, English, or Spanish Japanese: 中国語、英語、スペイン語で話せます。 I eat wondering: Why isn't it necessary to add と after each list item?
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の甲斐もなく and を甲斐もなく [closed]

I know 甲斐もなく following a noun + の means "despite, even though"; I found several sources about this meaning, but in a book I found this sentence: 治療を甲斐もなく息を引き取る I didn't found を甲斐もなく on ...
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In regard to the structure of 余裕のある自分が嫌になります

Here is a sentence taken from a song written by 宇多田ヒカル 余裕のある自分が嫌になります It looks like I can conjure up 2 ways of dissecting the first part of it. 余裕の/ある -- 余裕/の/ある自分 -- this way ある seems to be ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Understanding ていたこともあり

マスコットの職分は極論すれば『部隊にいること』だけだが、フレデリカはシン達が特士校に在籍している時から一足先に試験部隊に配属されていたこともあり、研究開発班や部隊指揮官との連絡調整役を積極的にかってでている。 86─エイティシックス─Ep.2 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈上〉 安里アサト A girl called フレデリカ is acting as a mascot in the ...
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Meaning of black dot punctuation and と in this sentence

安請け合いする男•友蔵と、裏切る可能性のあるヒロシ。 I'm struggling to piece together this sentence. I have 安請け合いする男 (a man who makes promises without enough thought) and 裏切る可能性のあるヒロシ (Hiroshi who has the potential to betray ...
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What is the difference between が(suru-verb)できる and を(suru-verb)できる?

For example, what's the difference between the following sentences? ゲームで勝つことで、ポイントを獲得できる。 ゲームで勝つことで、ポイントが獲得できる。 Intuitively, I felt like the first sentence sounded better and example sentences seem ...
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What does ことに mean when combined with 幸運 (good luck)?

I saw someone write 幸運はことに, how would you translate this to English?
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教師に歩未ちゃんへの注意を促す程度ですね。 Could you explain which words here are connected by に particle?

About context. It is a sentence from an anime series (charlotte). One of the characters proposes their actions regarding other character (Ayumi, 歩未ちゃん). Here we have 歩未ちゃんへの注意 (attention to Ayumi). ...
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1 vote
1 answer
265 views

なってる versus なる. Who is this sentence talking about?

The younger sister is worried about dog attacks. The older sister says this: 「そんなに心配することないわよ。もうどっかに行っちゃっていなくなってるわよ。」 There's no need to worry so much. You'll reach the point where you end up not ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What does せり mean in 「ワレ奇襲ニ成功セリ」

What does せり mean in 「ワレ奇襲【きしゅう】ニ成功【せいこう】セリ」? We succeeded in our surprise attack. https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/トラトラトラ I get the following vocabulary: 我【われ】 we 奇襲【きしゅう】 surprise attack に particle 成功 【...
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4 votes
1 answer
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一度(も・でも・さえ・こそ)会ったことがあれば、友だちだと考える人がいる

Japanese 「新完全マスター文法 日本語能力試験N3」という文法の教科書の148ページに、 次の文法問題が書いてあります。 一度(   )会ったことがあれば、友だちだと考える人がいる。 1 も    2 でも    3 さえ    4 こそ 私は「3 さえ」を選びましたが、正解は「2 でも」です。 私の分析 この本の32ページに、「3 さえ」について次の説明があります。 〜さえ〜ば…・〜...
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4 votes
2 answers
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を+[する noun] + だ structrure?

So I came across this sentence in an anime, 今の陣形を維持だ Normally 維持 would take する and make it a verb, but why is it in this case it takes the noun form instead while still clearly being used as a verb ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Understanding してっと [duplicate]

「そこで『動きづらい』とか言いますか、十代のガキが。……ま、俺達としちゃ、無様な指揮で俺達を殺さなきゃ言うこたないんですが。たとえそいつがくっそ無愛想なクソガキで、指揮官のくせに先陣きりたがる馬鹿で、下手に同調してっと気ィ狂いそうになる鉄面死神でも」 言うことだらけだなと、ほとんど聞き流しながら何の気なしに窓の外に目をやる。 86─エイティシックス─Ep.2 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Meaning of あまりのことに

Maruko's sister doesn't seem to care about saving her from wild dogs: まる子はあまりのことに、思わず箸を落としそうになった。 Maruko almost dropped her chopsticks. What does あまりのことに mean in this sentence? I have a grammar book ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is the に in 以上に mandatory in the following context?

I came across the following sentence in a text about 俳句 (emphasis, translation and words in square brackets mine): 携帯電話で俳句を送り合って遊ぶ若者もいますし、外国人が日本人以上にすばらしい俳句を表現することもあります。 There are youngsters who play ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Does ようなところがあった mean "had a tendency to" in this context?

「私達はエイティシックスで、あの戦場で死ぬはずだったから、ある程度仕方ないんでしょうけど。特にシン君は本当にお兄さんのことだけ、考えていたようなところがあったから。それを無くしてしまって、今は……少し、心配」 86─エイティシックス─Ep.2 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈上〉 安里アサト How should I understand the bold part? I have ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is there a meaningful difference between 推量形+と(も)/が and 過去形+ところで?

I know that 過去形+ところで is followed by a negative judgement, and 推量形+と(も)/が can be either, but is there any other difference? For example どんなに説明したところで、わたしの気持ちはわかってもらえないだろう。 どんなに説明しようと、...
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What form does 満を持して贈る take on here in this context?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OxasEvdWGxo&t=0m30s This is a sentence in a promotional video for an upcoming game. Narrator: このゲームはクエストが満を持して贈るシミュレーションRPG! Google translate gives: This game is a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is これ the subject of in this sentence?

Dad has just given a useless answer to a question. Next we have: これが情けないことに、父ヒロシの答えなのだから、がっくりである。 This, pathetically, is dad's answer, and it is disappointing. Not sure if I'm parsing this correctly....
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2 votes
1 answer
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Meaning of 命からがら as a noun

あのときは命からがらじゃった。 It was life and death that time. I think I've translated the feeling of the sentence correctly but I can't fully understand the grammar. First, I'm assuming じゃった is just old man ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Understanding 〜てなんだけど

「あんなのを欲しがるなんて、連邦も物好きよねえ。長いこと使っておいてなんだけど、たいがい得体は知れないのに」 「まあ、戦場なら役に立つんじゃない? こっちも阻電攪乱型はいるみたいだし。〈ジャガーノート〉の方は、あんな歩く棺桶なんか調べてどうするんだよって感じだけど」 86─エイティシックス─Ep.2 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈上〉 安里アサト They are talking ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Meaning of ゴミはわけて捨てなくてはいけない

男: えっ、でもこれ全部ゴミなんですけれど・・・。 女: ちょっと見せてね。あら・・・だめだめ、これじゃ。いい?ゴミはわけて捨てなくてはいけないんです。 男: わけて捨てるんですか・・・。 This is from the book 聴解が弱いあなたへ. I didn't pay much attention to it, but I have a question about the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What does 「の元に」mean in this sentence?「白銀会長の元に 承認リクエストが送られます」

This line is from Kaguya-sama: Love is war 白銀会長の元に 承認リクエストが送られます What does 「のもとに」mean in this sentence? From my understanding of the context, the characters were talking about how to send a follow ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why does 「...ことと思います」mean "I hope that ..."?

In this Hinative question about the best way to translate the simple small-talk phrase "I hope you had a good weekend", two native Japanese speakers both reply with a "...ことと思います" ...
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