Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
48 views

Meaning and use of またと

ここの夫婦ほど私たちとかけ離れた連中はまたといませんよ。 There's no one as different from us as the people here. This is how I would translate the sentence without またと. Am I correct that this sentence works without またと? I'...
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1answer
36 views

Meaning of 見て取れぬでもない and 揃って

I'm trying to understand the grammar behind this sentences: 親子関係に見て取れぬでもないその二人は、トーマス井口が店の中に入ってきた途端に揃ってガッと目を剥き、信来の客の容貌をしげしげと観察し出した I think I got the gist of it: The two people inside the store ...
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1answer
54 views

Multiple verbs in one sentence using ことがある

I'm studying for an upcoming exam, and in our study guide for the essay section there is a prompt to write about "I have the experience of ....ing, .....ing, and so forth." We're supposed to use ことがある,...
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2answers
53 views

Te form for consecutive verbs

I came across with this term "使われ始めて". It was translated as "Started to use". My question is why the first verb is not in TE form, ie. 使われて始めて ? Thanks a lot.
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53 views

Is the yasumi in oyasuminasai the same as yasumi (day off / break)?

I have known oyasuminasai (good night) for around a year now. Today I learned the word yasumi (break / day off). It instantly rang a bell and then oyasuminasai sprung to mind. Is there a connection ...
2
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1answer
60 views

What is the meaning of “ので” and “会う” here?

"正月に大ぜいの客が来るので, 会うのが面倒だと思う人もある" The translation is: "Some people do not want to have to take care of the large number of visitors who shows up during the New Year" Why is "ので" used here? I would ...
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0answers
68 views

Using について with しつもんする

In my japanese textbook, for the word しつもんする it has the note "(s.t.について)" where s.t. means something. I tried creating a sentence based off of this note and I want to know if it makes sense: ...
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2answers
129 views

強がる usage and meaning

~がる is used to describe third person's feeling but today I found this word "強がる私" I don't know why 強がる is used with first person like 私. Is it because the speaker speaks in other point of view ?
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1answer
163 views

grammar of この前の誕生日プレゼントにもらった彼女の絵

彼女は小学3年生の時に日本に引っ越してきて、それがたまたま私達のクラスだった。 私達と出会うまで楽器の経験がなかったのが、信じられないほどヴィオラを巧みに操っている。 しかも、父が有名な画家で絵をたしなむ。 この前の誕生日プレゼントにもらった彼女の絵は、とても素晴らしくて宝物になった。 i'm not sure if ...彼女の絵 is saying "her ...
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1answer
206 views

Figuring out what 「言わないまでも」means in this sentence

「犯人とはいわないまでも何があったのか尋問できるのはお姉ちゃんだけだ!」 Does this pattern have the same meaning as the one explained here: とまではいかないまでも meaning? I think it is different from the explanation linkend above. The linked ...
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77 views

Why is に used in these sentences?

Does the particle に indicate direction in these sentences or why is it used here? Would someone be so kind to explain? わたしはかみにえがく。 I draw on paper. せんせいにしつもんをしている。 I ask the teacher a ...
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70 views

Difference between conjunctive forms: ~ます stem and ~て form

What's the difference between: 朝起きたら、まず顔を洗い、コーヒーを飲み、新聞を読みます。(ます-form) and 朝起きたら、まず顔を洗って、コーヒーを飲んで、新聞を読みます。(て-form) Both have the same meaning, but can I use this conjunctive ます stem with a ...
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44 views

Could anyone translate this sentence for me [closed]

彼氏が仕事で大変な時にできること Could anyone translate this sentence for me please
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1answer
139 views

Trouble understanding one specific lyric in a song

I was trying to translate the lyrics of a kids' song for my sister who sent it to me, but I have trouble understanding one part of the lyrics: 「課長 すてきです その一言 ピュアなまでに鈍感」 「社長 すばらしい そのアイディア ...
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1answer
169 views

Sentence ending でな

レモン・キャンディーじゃよ。マグルの食べる甘いものじゃが、わしゃ、これが好きでな。 A lemon sweet. It's a sweet thing that muggles eat. I like this ??? I understand the concept of role language for portraying different kinds of character. ...
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78 views

What is the meaning of おちょくっとる? [duplicate]

This sentence here: "なっ… お前おちょくっとるのか!? I didn't understand おちょくっとる, is it a form of the verb おちょくる? What is the meaning in this sentence? Thanks.
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1answer
64 views

Construction behind 「やり」in this sentence

「それはわしがやりおまえが追いつめられたのでわしの攻撃と同じ事!」 I am having trouble with the「やり」in this sentence. I believe that it is a verb and possibly takes the same tense as 「追いつめられた」(similar to verbs linked via the "て-form"...
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1answer
114 views

How to describe a strong smell of smoke

I'm writing a letter to my friend, and want to same something like: "While writing this letter, the air is grey and smells strongly of smoke" (discussing forest fires near my town). I'm stuck on ...
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1answer
179 views

Question about ほど in this sentence

I wasn't able to find any explanation of 「ほど」 in these constructions... 「そんなテメーに盾突かれるほど頭に来る事はない」 In any case I would like to ask whether I am getting the general meaning right. Besides that I ...
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1answer
269 views

Could anyone explain this 置く置かない to me please

I found the sentence けんかして嫁が出ていきました。 けんかの原因は、家に下宿人を置く置かないの件です And I have a doubt about using of 置く置かない How should it be translated ? and How to use it I have never seen this grammar using ...
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1answer
90 views

A little help with the usage of 「……わけだよ」

I came across the following sentence in my dictionary : 下手なわけだよ,習い始めたばかりなんだから Because of the absence of context, I imagined one by myself. Suppose I ‘m cooking unskillfully and a friend who sees ...
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1answer
116 views

What does …て…て mean?

I have the following sentence. その白い比いない裸体は、薄暮の背景の前に置かれて輝やいていた 。 I understand the use of ~て in ~ている, but I'm confused by two consecutive verbs using ~て as in 置かれて輝やいていた. Should I understand them ...
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1answer
121 views

Meaning of だとでもいうかの

I found this sentence, in which I'm not quite sure about the だとでもいうかの part: ところがどういうわけか神町駅前には客待ちのタクシーが一台も停まっていなかった。その代わりだとでもいうかのごとく、駅前広場には何台もの自転車が置かれてあって(そこは駐輪場なのだから当たり前のことなのだが!)、...
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0answers
150 views

What is the point of 一名 in this sentence?

(Taken from ジョジョ6部) 「女性受刑者が一名頭部を砕かれ変死をとげたというのに…」 I don't really get the point behind 「一名」in this sentence. My guess is that the sentence (badly) translates to something like: "And although one/a ...
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0answers
74 views

Question concerning 〜やがる / Imperative in “Slang” [duplicate]

I've come across these expressions in all sorts of anime, manga and light novels and now I am wondering behind the "mechanics" of it... 「勝手に言ってろ」「ほざいてろ」「食らいやがれ」 In these cases the imperative is ...
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3answers
147 views

A little help with a sentence and also the meaning of だと

I'm having a small problem with the second line said by a character. (context: the two main protagonists came to look for someone, they reach this person's house, but is not there. The protagonists, ...
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2answers
168 views

What is the difference between ばよかったです and べき?

What is the difference between ばよかったです and べき? あのバスに乗ればよかったです。 I should have taken that bus. あのバスに乗るべきだった。 I should have taken that bus. このバスに乗れるはずじゃなかった。 I wasn’t supposed to get ...
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1answer
131 views

Joint etymology of -san/-chan? [duplicate]

Just a "shower thought" I've had: is there any credence to the theory (mine) that ちゃん is a diminutive/"baby talk" form of さん (like when "ureshii desu" becomes "urechii dechu")?
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92 views

What does 普段からmean in this sentence?

中山さんは普段からよく運動するようにしています。 I think it means Mr. Nakayama tries to do exercise regularly But I'm confused about what 普段からactually means and how it differs from 普段and 普通
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1answer
160 views

How can this sentence be understood?

I'm reading 仮面の告白 by Mishima Yukio, and I came across this sentence: そのほか に縄目は見えず、青年の裸体を覆うものとては、腰のまわりにゆるやか に巻きつけられた 白い粗布があるばかりだった。 I would like to understand how is this sentence made by the ...
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1answer
59 views

とまで parsing and usage

In no game no life, this is one of the first things that is said about "blank", and it is supposed to translate to: "Among gamers, they're said to be unbeatable. 勝{か}つことは不可能{ふかのう}とまで言われるゲーマーの話を‌ (...
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1answer
131 views

Omitting the particle? 「時の経つのも忘れさせる」

明快な口調とテンポの良い楽しい授業が時の経つのも忘れさせる。 When I searched the Internet I found the phrase 時の経つのを忘れさせる. So, what is the reason for replacing the particle を with も?
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2answers
81 views

A question about ~はしない

I do understand what it means, but I want to know if it's mostly used from 1st person perspective because in many examples that's how it translated. "I will never/There is no way I..."<-That is how ...
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1answer
102 views

Meaning of いやしません [duplicate]

あんなにコチコチな座り方をする猫なんていやしませんぞ。 A cat that sits so rigidly ??? I can't figure out what this いやしません is. Since the negative form of いやす seems like a ridiculous proposition in the context I can only ...
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1answer
65 views

What does 'し' mean in these scenarios

The sentence in question is: 何しに原宿に来ましたか I understand what the sentence generally means, but I am unclear what し means in the sentence above. Is the し just a conjugation of する, and if so, when ...
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1answer
101 views

Can you tell me the difference between に似る and と似る?

So basically I read something saying the difference between に似る and と似る is that と marks one side of a mutual relationship and に only shows the standard of comparison, but I have no idea what that ...
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1answer
74 views

The grammar/syntax of 前進あるのみ

今はもう過去を振り返るな。ただ前進あるのみだ。 入学試験に合格するにはただ練習あるのみだ。 I would like to ask if I can replace the bold part with "練習のみ" or "練習するのみ" / "前進のみ" or "前進するのみ" (and if the substitution changes the meaning), and a ...
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1answer
122 views

Diminutives in Japanese

I was trying to explain the concept of diminutives to my Japanese friend and can't quite find a good analogy in Japanese. I think the ''ko'' prefix acts a bit like a diminutive but I can't think of ...
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1answer
126 views

一度やると言った◯◯、何があってもやりますよ。What should be included in 〇〇?

This is one of the JLPT questions that I am not sure about (again...). 一度{いちど}やると言った◯◯、何があってもやりますよ。 A. からといって  B. からで  C. からでないと  D. からには For A. からといって, I understand that it can mean "just ...
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1answer
113 views

いけません in the short form

I understand that the dictionary definition of the expression いけません is "must not do", and that it can be used in conjunction with say なきゃ in a sentence such as the following: 試験があるから、勉強しなきゃいけません。 I ...
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1answer
68 views

How is this sentence/saying structured?

I have problems understanding the correct grammatical structure of this saying: 金は取れる時に取れるところから取れるだけ取っておくものだ I kind of understand what it is saying. I think its something like "At a time where ...
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1answer
241 views

昨夜は風が強かった〇〇、庭の木の葉が全部落ちている。What should be included in 〇〇?

While practicing for the upcoming JLPT exam, I came across this question 昨夜は風が強かった〇〇、庭の木の葉が全部落ちている。 A. はずで  B. たびに  C. によって  D. とみえて For B. たびに, I understand that it should be used for ...
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0answers
61 views

Nuances and context of linking without 〜て / dropped 「て」in linked constructions

(Taken from ジョジョの奇妙な冒険6部: When Jotaro talks to Jolyne about who got her into prison.../ for those who do not know the series: The persons speaking to each other are father and daughter but have a ...
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1answer
2k views

Does ません sometimes not negate?

I have a text in my learning materials as follows: 彼ら は 自分 の 事 しか 考えて いません。 Its translation is apparently "they only think of themselves". Now it all makes sense to me until the ません at the end. ...
6
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1answer
609 views

How to say “Why I started studying Japanese”

I have a Japanese assignment that requires me to write about anything I want. I decided that I wanted to write about why I want to learn Japanese. I think the title should be "Why I want to study ...
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0answers
109 views

What are the differences between うちに、間に、同時に, ながら & ついでに

These all generally mean whilst & during but I still (after ages of trying) make mistakes on where to use which one. For anyone who knows the ins-and-outs of these grammar points, please explain ...
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134 views

I can’t understand the “の” in the sentence,is this mean the huge man is more bigger or powerful than the universe?

l can’t understand the “の” in the sentence,is this mean the huge man is more bigger or powerful than the universe? why is the の will be here? Thankyou!
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99 views

Japanese Name of the て-form without the て

While reading this old question, I began wondering what the て-form without the て (i.e. 書いて→書い、読んで→読ん、行って→行っ) is called in Japanese. Wikipedia calls it 2つ目の連用形. Some other places call it 連用形の促音便形 or ...
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0answers
88 views

ようと followed by a noun

I found this sentence in a manga when the main character was trying to make a call from a prison phone; however she is knocked down by another prisoner before she can do so and is said: 『...
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1answer
206 views

Can you say“ 何が貴方のお名前はですか”?Or does 何 have to come before です?

I’ve read that what’s your name is “貴方のお名前は何ですか“ but can you also put 何 to the beginning or is that incorrect? So can it be: 何が貴方のおなまえはですか。