Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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How to inform about collegues father's death to the team? [closed]

I want to inform my boss that my collegues father expired today and so, collegue will be on a leave. Can someone tell if below is the correct way of saying the same? Aさんの父親は、亡くなったそうですから、彼女にお休みしてください。
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Understanding noun+で見える

気がつけば、目の前にそれはいた。   シンはぞっと戦慄を覚える。   同じ顔だった。   遠縁だという青年の顔を、シンは知らないから自分の顔で見えたのかもしれないし、本当にそれほど似ていたのかもしれない。フレデリカが何度も重ねてしまうほどに。 86─エイティシックス─Ep.3 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈下〉 安里アサト Could you please explain the ...
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Why is the causative used here?

This is a dialogue from Death Note. A guy is being asked to analyze some items. Guy 1: これの鑑識お願いできますか? Guy 2: 鑑識には顔が利く、徹底的に調べさせます I don't understand what the causative is supposed to function as here....
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にさせる usage in a sentence

I was reading the Japanese version of No Longer Human by Osamu Dazai, and this sentence came up. 嫌な気持ちにさせるのだ I would like to know why に particle was used before the word させる.
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Is になど used here correctly?

So in th song advise by ARARE a line that reads the next 天国になどとうに行けないけど この音楽なら聴ける Is など here used after に for lyrical purposes or does it have another use since it does not make sense to me !
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何処ですか vs 何処に有りますか

Recently I learned the structure A: "something が何処に有りますか。" But I have previously learned the structure B: "something は何処ですか。" My understanding is that these 2 structures are ...
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「あさってが日曜日は暇ですか。」どうして「が」っていう助詞が出ますか [closed]

‎今日本語の教科書を勉強して、次の文が出ました。 あさってが日曜日は暇ですか。 どうして「が」っていう助詞が出ますか。自分に次の文の方が意味がある。 あさっての日曜日は暇ですか。
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What does this 件 mean at the end of this sentence?

I saw this on a youtube comment: アメリカが正義を騙る度に邪悪さが鮮明に浮かび上がる件。 I think it means something to the effect of: Every time America pretends to be about justice, its evil clearly emerges. But I translated ...
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How is も being used in "トムのうるさいいびきで一睡もできなかった。"?

The sentence トムのうるさいいびきで一睡もできなかった。 apparently translates to Tom's loud snoring kept me awake all night. Question: What is the role that the も particle is playing in this sentence (via "一睡も&...
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I recently came across this sentence これまで僕はいろいろな人と言語交をして。(Up until now I have done language exchanges with a variety of people.) But why use これ not 今?

In the sentence 「これまで僕はいろいろな人と言語交をして。」Why was これ used instead of 今 here? As far as I know まで means something along the lines of “up until” so in order to say “up until now” why say 「これまで」and not 「今まで」?...
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英語とフランス語の勉強をしたいのと海外の友達を作りたい

英語とフランス語の勉強をしたいのと海外の友達を作りたい This is a line I saw online in a supposed native Japanese speaker's bio. What seems new/unusual to me is how they nominalize the first part and connect it with the second ...
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まめつぶ used as a counter?

*あのイヌ げいじゅつかのつもりらしいけど。。。アイデアがうかばないみたい。 *のうみそが まめつぶ ぐらいしかないんだから ムリもないわよね。 Grammatically (or something), I think まめつぶ works like a quantifier that appears as a noun but I'm not really sure about what ...
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「ずっとお母さんがコーチは嫌だ」

ずっとお母さんがコーチは嫌だ I don't want my mom to always be my coach. I am wondering what grammatical role お母さんがコーチ takes. Is it a noun phrase? Why is there nothing between コーチ and は. Also do these work? ...
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出じゃった = 出てしまった?

Context: 迫害の対象だったからな。- 敵国の出じゃったのか? I think this 出じゃった is a contraction of 出てしまった。If this were right, it'd not have been contracted according to the rules I learned which would result in 出ちゃった。 Is this ...
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Can 〜ているつもり mean "intend to do"?

「ぴっ」 「……ファイド。起動してるとエナジーパックを無駄に喰うから、明日起こすまで待機状態に切り替えておけと命じたろ」 「ぴ」 「………………わかった。好きにしろ」  頷くように光学センサが瞬いたものの、ファイドの巨体は動く気配を見せない。不寝番を交代してシンが眠るまで、共に起きているつもりなのだろう。忠実な、そして頑固な従者のように控え続ける姿と、...
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About conditional sentences in Japanese

Conditional sentence structures in English: If I had X'd, I would(n't) have Y'd; If I X'd, I would(n't) Y; If I X, I will/won't Y. Possible structures in Japanese (I got most of these from Google): ...
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I don't understand the use of the って contraction on this sentence

While looking through some example sentences, I found one where I couldn't completely understand the use of the って particle (Here is the full context if needed): いいことを教えてあげよう。...
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Can you call a group of people by a subgroup of 2, and if so then how?

What I understand: A way of referring to a group of people by just 1 person can be done with saying [name]-[honorific, if any] tachi. (I seem to be right based on this and this.) Eg For the group of ...
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Which particle to use for potentials

So i notice は、が、を are used in this case. For example: 英語が話せます 英語を話せます 英語は話せます *I know my example might be wrong but im a beginner and absolutely clueless on this subject * So how do we decide which ...
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Noun だけは + verb

今はどうにか爆発だけは抑えてるわ They're talking about a weird monster trapped in a tank. I don't get how だけは works here after a noun and with 抑える I thought it said something like "Explosions are the only thing ...
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Can you help me understand this sentence? I can't distinguish the words and grammar patterns

Sentence: 喋れるだけましってものです. Context: the main character has gone through a lot and lost his memories but he is all right physically. Another person is saying that sentence to the main character. I guess ...
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Meaning of noun + にあたる

In this news there are these sentences: WHO(世界保健機関)は感染が拡大するサル痘について、最高レベルの警告にあたる「緊急事態」を宣言しました。 WHOのテドロス事務局長は23日、サル痘について国際的に懸念される公衆衛生上の緊急事態にあたると宣言しました I know the form N + にあたる as meaning "...
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Does 自分も imply 自分もしなければ in this sentence?

死者とは過去だ。骸を弔ってやる以外に何もしてやれない、過去の残影。  それに囚われたまま未来を見るのは、……きっと酷く、難しいことなのだろうけれど。 「……ていうか。連邦に来る前に最後に戦闘になった時も、今から思えば変だったよね。ああいうことは、……絶対死ぬってわかってるのに行くような真似は、自分も他の奴にもさせなかったのに」  それまでは、兄の亡霊を討たねばならなかったから。  そのために、...
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Understanding the ending particle がね

「シン君とライデン君は、つきあい長いから。私達と会う前にも、色々あったみたいだし」 「まあねー」 「そうなのかの?」 「拳と拳でわかりあったとかいう、マンガみたいな恥ずかしいエピソードとかがね。帰ったらライデンに聞いてみなよ」  ……と。  物陰から背の高さ順にアンジュ、セオ、フレデリカと頭半分だけ覗かせて、三人はひそひそ言葉を交わす。  ...
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Understanding ていなされる

「クレナが出てったら、シン、絶対どっか行っちゃったじゃん。会話にならないんじゃそりゃ文字通り話になんないよ」 「女の子には死んでも弱いところを見せないって謎の見栄が、男の子にはあるものね」 「……ああうんアンジュ。そうなんだけどそう言われるとなんか、もやっとするからやめてくれる? あとソレ、別に男に限った話じゃないよね。女子だってそうじゃん」 「まあね」  婉然と笑っていなされるのを、...
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How would you interpret this sentence "見える人にだけ見える光だ"?

It was excerpted from the lyrics of amazarashi's song called "未来になれなかったあの夜に." I tried to interpret "見える人" as the subject and "見える人にだけ見える" wholly as an adjectival clause; ...
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男子より女子の方がロマンチックよ。

The sentence 男子より女子の方がロマンチックよ。 apparently translates to Girls are more romantic than boys. But I'm having trouble parsing this. First off, where is the sentence's verb? Second, the literal ...
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Using two "te" form verbs together

Heard this in Yakuza 6 (Japanese video game) and was wondering if anyone would be able to explain the nuance in using of the two "te" form verbs. 先生に 話 きて いて I added the spaces to separate ...
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What constitutes a full sentence in Japanese?

In the three languages I know somewhat well, it's pretty easy to split a long sentence into shorter ones, which is a a way to avoid tedious flash cards. In Japanese, however, I find that I am not yet ...
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What's the meaning of "降らば" in this sentence "降らば降れと天をにらみつけ"?

When listening to amazarashi's song "つじつま合わせに生まれた僕等" on Youtube, the first "誦読" part has such a sentence "降らば降れと天をにらみつけ." Intuitively, It sounds like a causative-...
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why の goes with other particles except に?

I have seen の joining with で, と, へ and others to form a relative clause, but never with に, why is that? Logically, shouldn't it be possible as well? For example 彼女への手紙, how do you say it but with に? ...
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Understanding verb+などとして

日本格付研究所(JCR)は、企業によるESG(環境・社会・企業統治)対応が社債の格付けに与えるプラス、マイナス両面の影響度を可視化し、情報提供を始めた。気候変動、生物多様性などの項目ごとにそれぞれ3段階のスコアで示す。ESG投資への関心が高まる中、関連情報の発信を強化し、投資家に幅広く活用してもらう狙い。 具体的には、温室効果ガス抑制への貢献度が高い水素や風力発電事業を展開する企業の場合には、...
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Need help about a really difficult explanation of a science fiction term (霊子反応 / Spiritual Particles Reaction ??) [closed]

I'm reading a game with science fiction theme, and there is 1 part I don't understand what the F was the writer trying to conveys here, so much thanks if anyone can even decipher what he wrote here (...
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Does ちょっと(笑)have some kind of meaning when said at end of a sentence?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pOuP6jppdJs&t=3m21s だけど 戦闘で使うのは バンギラスとか (Tyranitar) ちょっと(笑) There are so many sites that list the endless meanings of ちょっと. My guess out of 100 other theories is ...
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What does「あればっかりは見た方が早いですって」​mean in this context ? (A conversation of MC, eating lunch with his office colleagues in a coffee shop )

Context: MC is having lunch with his office's colleagues, inside a coffee shop. They're talking about the shop owner. The MC asked "Does she handle everything in this shop alone?" Then one ...
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Why not use the past tense 知った in もうお前が知る俺らは いねえんだぞ

I saw this sentence in an episode of attack on titan もうお前が知る俺らは いねえんだぞ the subs translated it to The people you thought we were no longer exist I don't understand since in this case the speaker is ...
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About the beginning of the song 少女の頃に戻ったみたいに

Lyircs of the song here. The part I want to ask about is: くり返し見る夢に 目が覚めてみると 胸の動悸が早い ことに気づく Is there a postposition or postpositional phrase which allows one to say that whatever follows is an event ...
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How does this sentence work structurally? 14は10といくつ?

I was playing some math games intended for children, in Japanese, and the subject was 引き算. The isolated question came up "14は10といくつ?" In the context of 引き算 it makes sense that the answer ...
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Can て form nominalize verbs?

お母さん、風香産んで正解だった。 This sentence means "Mother was right about giving birth to Fuuka." but I don't understand the usage of the て form here. I think it nominalized the verb but isn't this the ...
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青い人語 or 青い人の言語?

If you wanted to make up a certain people and talk about their language/culture. Would you use 青い人語 or 青い人の言語? And how would you pronounce the first example? 「あおいひとご」 or 「あおいじんご」? What about examples ...
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〜ような or 〜ように before V-stem + 方 [closed]

I encountered the following multiple-choice question in a JLPT N3 grammar practice test: 仕事と生活の(   )働き方がしたい。 1 バランスをとるらしく     2 バランスをとるらしい 3 バランスがとれるような    4 バランスがとれるように I chose 「3 バランスがとれるような」, but ...
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Why use ran in 母さんは 逃げらんなかったんだって

I saw this sentence in an episode of Attack on Titan where a character says 逃げらんなかったんだって why does the speaker say 逃げらんなかったんだって instead of 逃げらなかったんだって what does the ん mean add to the sentence in ...
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What does this means in this context その背中はどこか浮ついているように見えた。(MC came to the club room ,and saw her senpai is already there before her)

Context : MC came to the school's drama club room ,then she saw her senpai is already there before her ,and playing with a pencil in her hand. Then she's describing her impression about her senpai ...
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まで versus さえ when meaning "even", "to the point of-"

I'm currently going over lesson no. 21 of 新完全マスター N2, and I'm not sure about the difference between the usage of ~まで and ~さえ. Looking at the description and the example sentences, it seemed like both ...
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Understanding と in 兇暴な雄叫びを鬨の声と上げ

後方の砲兵部隊の突撃準備砲撃は、未だ止むことを知らない。   砲身の過熱も厭わず、陣地転換の間さえも惜しんだ猛砲撃だ。絶え間なく大地をどよもす大口径榴弾の炸裂音の中、楔型陣形を組んだ機甲部隊の〈ヴァナルガンド〉が前進を開始。瞬く間に最高速度に達して驀進するその背後に、追従する影のように歩兵戦闘車が続く。 パワーパックとエンジンの兇暴な雄叫びを鬨の声と上げ、鋼鉄の濁流が薄明の戦野を疾走する。 86─...
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Doubt about the 謙譲語 form

I understand that 謙譲語 is used when the subject is the speaker (myself) but does it sound too much for example during a 自己紹介 in a sentence like: 「一年間東京に留学いたしました」? Also because it is an interview for a ...
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What function does わけ have in this question?

There's no dialogue preceding this question, but the context is that a father and his son have just arrived at a river to go fishing. The son asks: こんなところで魚なんか釣れるわけ? I believe this means "Can ...
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2 votes
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What であって is doing here?

From Yugioh ch1, 宝であって宝でなくなる I am not sure about the significance of 宝であって here. If it means "it will no longer be a treasure," I'd be fine with just 宝でなくなる. Perhaps であって is short for ...
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Confuse about the meaning of this sentence with プリプリ/puripuri?

Screenshot **I'm reading a VN ,and encounter this sentence in a H scene . The "puripuri" part make me confuse because it stand after 感触が and before と俺 . (Is it an adjective for "俺のペニス&...
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Is wa used with kyou ? 今日 or 今日は?

My understanding is that some of the time-words are marked by "wa" and some are not. Also there seems to be a nice rule of thumb where if a time word in English is preceded by in/at/on etc. ...
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