Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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58 views

騙された and 騙されられた difference [closed]

I'm a little confused. I was walking down the street and heard someone say "店人が騙されられた・・・". From the tone of voice it felt like the translation should be "I was tricked by shop staff&...
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conditional ば with だ? [duplicate]

I found this: でも、考えてみればだ。 Actually this is the first time I've seen a だ with a conditional together. What does it mean?
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Where did 初めて and 初めまして come from, if not from 初める(はじめる not そめる)?

Did 初める(はじめる) used to exist as a verb? It's not present today except as a frequent tripping stone for kanji autocomplete. However, the 初めまして word's まして seems to imply that this was a verb that could ...
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<Something>ように<可能形>度には<something else>

I've studied Japanese for years and I've never come across this expression before. I saw this in a Twitch chat and the full quote was the following (I was the one who asked the thing in 「」 brackets): ...
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Why「で/に」cannot be omitted ? (どこかで / どこかに)

The particle「へ/を」, can be omitted after「どこか or なにか」. But, with「で/に」we can't. Why? どこかに電話がありますか。/ どこか(へ)逃避行したい。 Thank you.
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Use of という over に in this sentence

I've come across a sentence in a story and although I understand the meaning, I still find that という for me is a construction that I often struggle with a little bit. On this occasion I'm wondering why ...
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68 views

is は/が always needed to make a grammatically correct sentence?

I listen to a lot of Japanese music, and a common trend I've seen with a lot of them are to say 「≪pronoun≫≪noun≫」. For example, 「あたし猫」 = "I'm a cat." My question is, is this grammatically ...
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誰も立候補者がおらず meaning

The context is that the protagonist went to the roof after being invited by someone and the protagonist was describing his admiration of this place (the roof). Then there's this passage: それを見ていると、...
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Understanding 可能なところ

十香は顔を真っ赤にしながら叫びを上げると、身体を覆い隠すようにその場にしゃがみ込んだ。 「えっ、ええっ!?いや、それは十香が自分でーー」 「馬鹿を言うな!自分で服を脱いだなら忘れるはずがないだろう!は……っ、まさか<ハニエル>で私の服を……!?」 「ち、違う!濡れ衣だ!」 <ハニエル>であれば可能なところが苦しかったが、士道としてはそう言う他なかった。必死に頭を振り、...
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Question about ん-volitional

So I was wondering this arcaic means of expressing volitional in Japanese, and the question comes up: Can a native japanese distinguish between ん-negative and ん-volitional in a phrase without or with ...
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Can you use ないで and ずに for expressing reasons?

Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar (DoBJG) said that both ないで and なくて is used to express the idea that a negative statement is a reason for another statement. To paraphrase, II. ないで can be replaced ...
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Understanding NがNだからって

『ーーじゃあ、早速いきましょうか士道。相手が相手だからって、あまり気負いすぎないこと。確かに彼女の力は強大だけれど、それは今に始まった話じゃないでしょう?いつも通りのデートができればきっと大丈夫よ』 The 相手 and 彼女 refer to the same person. Could you please explain the usage of the construction ...
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Particle に in passive sentences?

From what I understand the particle に marks the doer in passive voice sentences, but I found this one in a book: あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された。 The に particle here as a "marking the doer" doesn't make ...
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Using particles excessively?

I've been using Duolingo for the better half of my Japanese learning experience but recently I purchase the McGraw's Complete Japanese Grammar for more comprehensive learning. I'm on chapter 7, which ...
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Understanding this sentence: と笑ってたがな

I was playing Fire Emblem 5 and at the beginning of Chapter 2 there is a dialogue between two evil characters: one seems to be a priest called August and the other is a henchman called Bucks. The ...
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Understanding 編入させていただけますか in this context

「ーーさしあたって琴里さん、真那も四糸乃さんたちと一緒のタイミングで中学校に編入させていただけますかね?さすがにこれから生きていくにあたって、最終学歴小卒ってのはつれーです」 I understand from the context that the speaker, 真那, wanted 琴里 to let 真那 go to the same middle school as 四糸乃etc. ...
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Understanding いい感じに作用した

「ど、どういうことだ?治ってたって……何が?」 「だから、真那の身体がです。DEMにさんざっぱら弄くり回されたダメージが、嘘みたいに消えてやがっていたそうです。仮説ですが、澪さんの霊結晶が弾けた際の霊力の波が、こう、いい感じに作用したんじゃねーかと。健康に気を遣えば白寿も夢じゃねーと言われました」 I’m have some trouble understanding the bold part ...
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How to express the future perfect progressive tense?

Here's an example sentence in English with this tense On July 1st, it will have rained for 2 months I understand that there's no such tense in Japanese, but how do I go about expressing it? Here are ...
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Use of てしまったら after verb

If I understood correctly てしまう means that something happened by mistake/negatively, たらindicates condition like an if so てしまったら would mean if some negative thing happens? Here is the sentence where i ...
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Different meanings of ですが [duplicate]

I have started reading 「魔女の宅急便」, and I found a sentence I quite understand, but for the exact meaning of 「ですが」: キキのばあいも、十歳の中ごろ、魔女になる決心をしたのですが、そのあとすぐ、コキリさんの持っている魔法を習いはじめました As far as I know, 「ですが」 ...
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What is「~(よう)とするも」? [duplicate]

A chapter summary from Kanokari chapter 191 カオスづくしの家簇簇行がいよいよスタート!! ハワイアンズへの道中で、水原が指輪を返そうとするも俺は断{ことわ}った!! 俺はこの旅行中に水原に告白するんだ・・・!!と改めて気持ちを引き締めたんだけど、 ホテルに着いたらロビーに麻美ちゃんが!! なんで!? What is the meaning of ...
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Expressing “would rather do X”

I'm trying to figure out how to express the following idea in English in Japanese: "I would rather listen to music." The context would be something like speaking colloquially with a friend,...
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What does するがり and がんこ mean?

I'm reading a book and the following sentence showed up: ふたむかし前の漫画に登場するがり勉少年や下町のがんこ親父がかけていそうな代物なのだ。 I didn't find anything about "するがり" or "〜がり". I didn't study the 〜がる grammar ...
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How to express “for each” in Japanese

Currently, I am trying to find which grammar construction is appropriate for expressing a phrase similar to "For each apple you give me, I will give you an orange." in Japanese. The current ...
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How to use counter question word + か

In Tae Kim's grammar guide, it tell you that question word can be appended with か、も、でも to mean different things(誰か someone, 誰も everyone, 誰でも anyone). Can the same be carried over to counters? For ...
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Do particles go after or between question words?

Recently, I have realized something interesting: The following sentences are from Japanese lyrics of different songs, so they must be grammatically correct: 誰よりも輝く君を見て 誰にも話せない 誰の心にも、大切な場所がある ...
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114 views

Meaning and grammar of 〜されようと思う

幾人もの人間を殺してきた。 幾人もの人間を不幸にしてきた。 今さら許されようとは思っていないし、許されるとも思っていない。 I’m trying to understand the construction されようとは思っていない. Is it the same construction as 外国に住もうとは思わない? If it is, why can the verb before よう ...
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What are the differences between ように and ような to express similarity? [duplicate]

What are the differences between the auxiliary adjectives ように and ような when they're used to express similarity ? Consider the two following sentences : ドロシーは日本人のように日本語を話す。 ドロシーは日本人のような日本語を話す。 ...
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Understanding「ぼんやりのようにも見えるし、なにを考えているかわからない、きみ悪さが感じられるときもある」

An excerpt from 時をかける少女. Need help understanding the bold part. 一夫と吾朗は、並んで手洗い場へ行った。ふたりのうしろ姿を見くらべた和子は、また、笑い出しそうになった。かれらの組みあわせはじつにおもしろい。一夫は背が高くやせ型。吾朗はずんぐりむっくりである。どちらも勉強はよくできるが、吾朗は努力家で、どちらかといえば直情径行型。...
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Understanding 形容詞+くも

色素の薄い髪に、白い簡易霊装。可愛らしくもどことなく生意気さが窺えるその顔立ちは、疑似精霊<二ベルコル>に似ているような気がした。 I don’t understand the grammar phenomenon of 形容詞+くも. Could you please explain that? Is it a fixed grammar pattern?
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ため used to give reason? [duplicate]

So I came across this sentence: 政府が情報を厳しくチェックしているため、事件のことをみんなの前で話すことができません。 I'm familiar with ために and のため, but it's the first time I see ため used like this. From my understanding, in this sentence it'...
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Function of わけ in 「あんたは悔しくないわけ?」 [duplicate]

I was wondering what the function of わけ was if you formed a sentence as a question: 「あんたは悔しくないわけ?」
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why is there no いう after と

I found this sentence while sentence mining oregairu I understand it, but I don't know why there is no いう after the と can someone please explain this なんちゃってドッキリでした ~ と出ていけば それでOKだ
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Meaning of にある時? (「死にそうな目にあった時…」

I found this sentence: 死にそうな目にあった時、すぐに入りなおさないと。 I know what it means, but I can't understand the grammar behind "にあった時".
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Can you use the particle も after adjective+の?

I am trying to say, They are usually smartphone games, but there are also pc and console games. My attempt is this: たいていスマホのゲームですが、パソコンのもコンソールのもあります。 I know you can use の alone and ommit the noun ...
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~するもの vs ~すること grammar difference N3 [duplicate]

I'm studying for taking the JLPT N3 and I've run across this exercise: この用紙は必ず黒か青のペンで記入する(_____) Between the possible answers I had these two: もの and こと. I chose もの but the correct answer is こと. ...
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How is the use of を broken down in this sentence? [duplicate]

I've been reading a Visual Novel, and I came across this sentence: リリーはくすくす笑い、ティースプーンを置くと、カップとソーサーを手にゆっくりテーブルに向かってくる。 What's throwing me off is the use of を right after 「カップとソーサー~」I put the sentence ...
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What does “は” at the end of the sentence mean? [duplicate]

What does "は" mean at the end of the sentence? Is that for emphasize or does it make the sentence a question? Example: someone's asking people in a town if there is a sakura family in this ...
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How I should parse/translate てなことで at start of sentence?

The sentence is てなことで、修行なんてしなくとも、ただ飯を食っているだけで強くなれるんだな。 Google translates first part as "By the way". But I can't find any information how it should be parsed. I think its probably "てな ...
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188 views

Use of ところに here

The following sentence is from the 日本語パワードリル N1 book, in a section where you get an article or a passage of text, and have to pick the answer which fits the surrounding sentence(s). 日本製のマイクロバスだが、...
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Why is it possible to use を好き?

「……だが駄目だ。私はシンと出会ってしまった。私は愛を知ってしまった。シンのいない世界に意味などなく、シンのいない人生に価値などない。——精霊たちのことを好きというのも、偽らざる真実だ。けれど、シンと再び出会うためなら、私はその全てを捨てることができる」 Why is it possible to use を好き rather than the normal が好き in this ...
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306 views

What does で do in this sentence

I know what で is used for most cases, but I cannot seem to understand its use in this sentence would you please explain this sentence and the use of で そのセリフは セコイで ハナコ
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116 views

Subject for とする

I need help figuring out who is the subject for とする in the below sentence 日本語を母語としない人の視点に立って、実際の使い方をわかりやすく解説します。(source) I understand AはBとする as "A assume/regard B." But I can't apply this ...
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87 views

What Does Not Count as an Action for the ば Conditional Clause

I'm here for yet another confusing thing from the Dictionary of Japanese Grammar. In the ば conditional, it states the following: S2 can be a command, a request, or a suggestion, as in Exs. (e) and (f)...
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107 views

とはいえ vs のに difference

Is there any difference between the two? Are they interchangeable? Both mean "although/even though."
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117 views

高校生か死神っぽい動機 meaning

There's this scene in this LN where the main character unexpectedly accepted an invitation to a karaoke, and when questioned about it, the character responded by saying: 「やることもなかったし」 Then one ...
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Making sense of 店の小使は五時の汽車に彼が乗るものと思って待っていて、彼が遅れたことをとっくに報告してしまっているはずだ

I'm (still) reading metamorphosis (by Kafka) and am having trouble with the following 店の小使は五時の汽車に彼が乗るものと思って待っていて、彼が遅れたことをとっくに報告してしまっているはずだ For more context : the narrator wakes up being a bug and is ...
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108 views

What is the nuance of「前まで」?

First sentence from this NHK news article, 東京都が、警察と消防の職員に行うワクチン接種は、会場の築地市場の跡地がオリンピック・パラリンピックの輸送車両の拠点となっていることから、大会の準備が本格化する前までしか使えず、1回目の接種を受けた全員が、この場所で2回目を受けられないことが分かりました。 I don't fully understand ...
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144 views

Do friends continue to use chan/kun to refer to each other as adults or do they switch to using san?

Do friends continue to use chan/kun to refer to each other as adults or do they switch to using san?
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84 views

Meaning of すん here?

I found this sentence: 「いやどうなんだろ遠いようで意外と近かったりすんのかな」 And I don't know the meaning of that すん right there. Is it a する?Or is it something ese?

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