Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
57 views

のりまきみたいにくるまればふかふかふとんになるんだもん。

In a Japanese children's book I read: のりまきみたいに くるまれば ふかふか ふとんに なるんだもん。 For the sake of analysis, I looked up the kanjis (correct me if they're wrong): 海苔巻きみたいに包まればふかふか布団になるんだもん。 From the context, ...
5
votes
0answers
68 views

Does ~そう modify both verbs in a double-verb construction?

I heard the phrase: その男の子が車にひかれて死にそうだった。   When I head the V1てV2, I assumed that Verb 1 (ひかれて)had actually happened and that Verb 2 (死にそう) was a consequence. But someone pointed out to me that ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

What does [で] mean in [前は花屋で]…?

隣にパン屋があります。前は花屋で、花屋の隣は魚屋です。 Is it simply used as a connector? Is it simply used to avoid making 2 sentences e.g."前は花屋です。花屋の隣は魚屋です。"? I previously thought this was only done for Na adjectives to ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

What is the function of the と particle in this sentence?

The text on which I found the following sentence is here: http://watanoc.com/post-1608-gozira So... There's a part where it says: 『すごく面白い』とネットで評判です So my question is what does the と particle do in ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Why to use 思っていました instead of 思いました?

I found this sentence in this link: http://watanoc.com/post-1608-gozira So there's a part where it says:アメリカの映画だと思っていました but why to use the て-form instead of the ます-form? The meaning wouldn't be the ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

How to say: I want to be good at what I choose to do

How to say: I want to be good at what I choose to do? I know some of the individual words/expressions needed for the sentence: 1)want to be good at: 得意になりたい or 上手になりたい 2)choose to do something: ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Why to use the て-form in questions? [duplicate]

Anybody around here knows why it is used the て-form in 覚えてないのかい instead of 覚えないのかい in the next sentence? 僕はさっきもう君にすっかり話したじゃないか。 それとも、覚えてないのかい? I've already seen this before in other question ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

ます Verb Stem + another verb grammar meaning?

I was practicing writing and got corrected by a few native speakers. They all had a correction in common where they took the ます Verb Stem and then just added a different verb on the back. What ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Are Japanese stories usually written in past tense or present tense?

This is a question that I have been pondering for a while. As anyone who has read stories written in English can tell you, most stories are written in past tense. Why? Well, the main reason is that ...
3
votes
1answer
264 views

Usage of よう without に particle

みなさん、こんにちは! So, I am a beginner. I have just started reading my first manga in Japanese, 鬼滅の刃, and I've encountered a sentence which I don't really understand the grammar for. Here it is: 丸腰{まるごし}​...
3
votes
2answers
472 views

What is the grammar behind もなければ、なければ?

Lately, I'm reading Japanese light novels. For the following sentence, I can't get the meaning behind it. 解放感もなければ、次の職を探さなければという焦りもなかった。何を思えばよいのかが、よくわからなかった。 The character said that after leaving ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

i can not understand this grammer point [closed]

v-てform  / v-ないform なくて / い-adj=> い=>くて / な-adj => な=>で + any sentence
1
vote
1answer
60 views

っといても after a verb

What does っといても mean after a verb, I've seen it several times. I'm guessing it's a slang form or a shortened form? I know that ても means "even if" (roughly), and I've seen って a lot so wasn't sure if it'...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Question about ね particle

I've been doing some JLPT5 grammar practice , and I came across the following dialogue fragment: A:『勉強はどうですか』B:『そうですね。』. The reason I'm confused is I thought 『ね』 was employed as a way to seek ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

What does 本当たりえる mean

I am playing the eroge Tsui no Sora and have come across a passage containing this word: 当たり前だがノストラダムスの大予言なんて出来の悪い妄想だ。 まともに考えれば小学生にすらわかる事。 だがそんな事は重要じゃない。 [Nostradamus' prophecy is an ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

「命令形 + と助詞」どんな意味?

アナと雪の女王2の「Into the Unknown・心のままに」の歌詞を翻訳していますが、次の文型が分かりません。分からない部分は この 🔴の間に... 1) 聞こえてる、でも無駄よ。目を覚ませ、🔴起きろと🔴 2) 未知の旅へ🔴踏み出せと🔴 「起きる」と「踏み出す」の意味は分かりますが、この「起きろ+と / 踏み出せ+と」という文型のニュアンスが理解できません。 皆さん、...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Meaning of 迎えにやってくる

小さかった頃、ハリーは誰か見知らぬ親戚が自分を迎えにやってくることを何度も何度も夢見た。 When he was little Harry dreamed over and over of unknown relatives greeting him. Obviously the 'greeting him' part is wrong. I'm not sure I fully ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Describing an adjective with “should”

I've noticed that some nouns can be described with すべき, as in 彼女{かのじょ}はもっと注意{ちゅうい}すべきだった。 (She should have been more careful.) I understand it as 彼女{かのじょ}はもっと注意{ちゅうい}するだった。 (She has been more ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

What does りする mean at the end of a sentence (without other V-たり constructs present)? [closed]

I'm familiar with the form V1-たり V2-たり 。。。 V(N)-たりする for enumerating multiple verbs. However, sometimes I see りする at the end of a sentence by itself. How should this be interpreted? Is it implying the ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

this 強くあるために meaning [duplicate]

I found 強くあるために in this song http://www.kasi-time.com/item-21360.html and http://j-lyric.net/artist/a00968f/l00381a.html I'm a bit sure that it means "to be strong" Is 強くある same with 強くなる ?
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Can I use the potential form with the ~たい ending?

For example, consider the two following options: 日本語の本が読めたい。 日本語の本が読むことができるになりたい。 Is the first construction valid? If so, how is it different from the second (in terms of meaning, formality, etc.)?
0
votes
0answers
32 views

ては in a series of て connected sentences [duplicate]

暑さにかこつけて、外を歩いては、すぐに喫茶店に入って休む。 財界には古美門先生を寵愛する経営者がいて、法外な顧問料をふんだくっては、今も何不自由なく遊んで暮らしている。 What is the function of は inserted in a series of て connected sentences(listed above)? I suppose it makes the flow ...
1
vote
1answer
224 views

Elliptical usage of を

I came across the following elliptical sentence: 美しい伝統の国柄を明日の日本へ How does the particle を work in this case? Is it the end of a clause modifying 明日? Are both, it and the clause preceding へ ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Help with the “ない” in “たまには自分を解放してあげないとね”

たまには自分を解放してあげないとね My Japanese is pretty poor and I have trouble with dividing sentences into parts. So I've seen a translation for the above sentence that goes like "you should let yourself relax ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

があったもん vs だったもん

Just going back over an old text book to refine some lost understanding and I've come across this paragraph: あの時代がおかしかったんですよ」おやじさんが、口をはさんだ。同僚と長く続く不景気の話を始めたときのことだ。「作りさえすれば何でも売れた時代があったもんだから、...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Meaning of あれで + noun+ だったらな

ゴリラが頭を掻いてる姿がダドリーそっくりだ。あれで金髪だったらな.....。(ellipsis as written) The gorilla scratching its head looked just like Dudley. ???? I don't know what あれで金髪だったらな means or what the grammar is. Guesses are "If ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Nuance of ひどい as cruel?

いくらなんでも、あんまりひどい。ひかりがあんなチョコレートででも組みあげたやうな三角標になるなんて。 http://contest.japias.jp/tqj2002/50133/story-old_03.html I don't quite get how to translate ひどい as cruel here, is there a nuance I'm not getting?
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Are 辞書形 + て and 「とらんで」 from some dialect?

I'm struggling to understand this sentence from a story I'm reading: 「あんたが心配することはない。高校ぐらいちゃんと通わせたる。それが、親の役目ってもんやないの」 おれ、高校に行ってもええのかと尋ねた息子に、母の由美子は一度、大仰に眉をひそめ、それから自分の胸をこぶしで叩き、はっきりと言い切った。 「...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

What are the implications of 「~だこと」「~ですこと」? [duplicate]

I have seen these constructions (「~だこと」「~ですこと」) in drama and anime several times now, though, as far as I remember exclusively used by female speakers. Here is one of the sentences I came across... ...
6
votes
1answer
243 views

What do you say for “junction” or “fork” in a path in terms of direction?

For junction I know of 交差点 but is that only for traffic junctions or can it be used generally, say, in a mall when the path splits 3 ways or more in front of you.
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Why is there 'は' before 'あるく' in this sentence? [duplicate]

風の枯木をひろってはあるく Kaze no kareki o hirotte wa aruku To my understanding it says something like ''wind leaves picking, I walk..'' but I couldn't grasp why there is a ''は'' before ''あるく''.
0
votes
0answers
54 views

What does お do in ケーキはお好きですか? [duplicate]

ケーキはお好きですか So I started learning Japanese and something caught my attention quite often. In some sentences there is an お in front of a verb. What is it doing? How does it affect the sentence. Can ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Past tense short な-adjective + ので

From what I know, ので differs to から grammatically because you add a な after な-adjectives for ので. For example: その人は意地悪{いじわる}なので、嫌{きら}いです。- I do not like that person because they are mean. But what ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Meaning of がい in だろうがい

What exactly does "がい" mean in the phrase "リーダーは俺だろうがい"? To give some context, here's part of the video I heard it from: https://youtu.be/44UruxeJ_20?t=1127 This was said by a comedian, so maybe it'...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

Imperative form + という方

...猫の写真を見ないですむと思うと、同情しろという方が無理だった。 When he thought that he could get away without seeing any cat photos, sympathy was impossible. In my translation I've condensed all of 同情しろという方 into just one word:...
6
votes
1answer
899 views

てしょうがない/てしかた(が)ない, “You shouldn't”

As far as I know, forms like 「てしょうがない」 and 「てしかた(が)ない」 means something like "very, extremely" and "can't be helped", like: 心配する理由はなかったけど、どうしても不安でしかたなかった: I didn't have any reason to worry, but I ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

I need some help with んです/ので/ん

I was studyng from a book and I can't answer this question (and I don`t have the answers) the question is: 普通の言い方に直すとどうなりますか。 私に予約してくれんか。 a)予約してくれないのですか。 b)予約してくれるのですか。 c)予約してくれませんか。 To me all of ...
4
votes
0answers
91 views

Embedded questions without particle か

(医師が患者に)薬を飲むか飲まないかを決めるのは、あなた自身ですよ。(pattern one) お酒を飲む飲まないに関わりなく参加者には一人3000円払っていただきます。(pattern two) I'd like to ask three questions. The first one is: is "verb+か+verb+ないか" (pattern one) totally ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Question about 「得為らざる」

I came across this sentence: 「まるで触れ得為らざるものの様な...」 I am pretty sure that this is some kind of 'archaic' speech here and found following explanations for understanding this sentence: https://www....
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Difference between いたします and させていただきます

When writing in humble 謙譲語{けんじょうご} language, I see いたします and させていただきます. What is the difference between these two forms? For example both mean "I will contact you" in humble language, what is the ...
5
votes
0answers
184 views

Is a particle required after 何か?

I noticed that particles are sometimes omitted after 何か. Is there a grammatical rule that dictates omission of a particle after 何か or this is just a conversational contraction? E.g., are the following ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

Is 「short past + ろう」 like 「だろう」?

I found this form I'm not sure about: 少なくとも最後の最後、ばあさんはいいやつに会ったんだ。それで、きもちのいい運転でドライブを楽しんだ。車に乗ってるあいだは、楽しかったろう The character is speaking about an old woman who, after taking a taxi, killed herself; ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Grammar of なんで+verb in potential form+ようか

ダドリーの誕生日———なんで忘れられようか。 Dudley's birthday — how could he have forgotten? (original English version) The nuance of the English version is that he did forget the birthday, but ...
6
votes
2answers
157 views

Understanding Xになったままで and/or まま in general

仰向けになったままで、ハリーは今まで見ていた夢を思い出そうとしていた。 Became face up ???, Harry tried to recall the dream he'd been having. まま is one of those things that fills me with dread whenever I see it in a sentence. I know ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

interpreting 描き下ろしに描き下ろし

冬コミ新刊は単行本の描き下ろしに描き下ろし(70Pくらい) 1冊のみになります a tweet by an artist, how would you read this, or is it a typo?
3
votes
0answers
98 views

What's the difference between 調整する and 整える?

Both meanings are about adjust or fix, but I can't manage to understand why 温度を調整した ( right ) 温度を整えた ( wrong ) If 整える usually means fix something to the right condition/state the second sentence ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

What tense of a verb should be used in the subordinate clause?

In the following example, what tense of the verb should be used: past or non-past? If both are possible will the meaning change? Children will eat anything their mother brings home. ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

準備は丸一日した is there a particle missing?

I was wondering for this line: 緊張してるの?準備は丸一日しただろう。 Let's say A says this line to B. Does it sound alright id I say: "You prepared the whole day, didn't you?." (so, why are you nervous?). If I ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Usage of むこう to describe sunrise

太陽は、昔と同じこぎれいな庭のむこうから昇り、... The sun rose on the same tidy gardens and ... If I were to translate this word-for-word I would get "the sun climbed from the opposite side of the same tidy gardens". ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

What is the meaning of “迷い” in the phrase 夜の街迷いし穢れの乱歩

This phrase is from a song the translation of   "夜の街迷いし穢れの乱歩" would be: Lost in a city at night, I take a random impure walk. The question is: "迷い" in the dictionary means hesitation, perplexity, ...