Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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5
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1answer
262 views

What does と do in this sentence? Is it just quoting?

錬金術師らの間でも 神への冒涜と暗黙のうちに禁じられていると聞きますし The first part is easy. Even among alchemists, blasphemy to God... と is tacitly forbidden, I hear. What I am thinking is that it might be a quotation. As in 「神への冒涜」...
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"What am I doing here?"/ Excuse yourself

Question 1 I was curious about the phrase "What am I doing here?" in Japanese. I know that if you want to ask someone "what is he/she doing here?", it should be like ここで何をしているんの? ...
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1answer
283 views

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean?

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean? I posted the question on HiNative to no luck and Google Translate is definitely way off. The use of the と particle has me a bit confused.
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are であり, であって, and で interchangeable?

are であり, であって, and で interchangeable? Example: きれいで可愛い女子 きれいであり可愛い女子 きれいであって可愛い女子
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How do you specify percentages of verbs/actions?

I've been googling around a bit for an answer and I can't seem to find anyone else asking this question. Apologies in advance if I'm wrong. In English, you can say 'I do around 70% of the cooking'. ...
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1answer
286 views

I need help with those sentences: 「~と思われる」「~ように思われる」

日本語を習う時はローマ字を使わない方が良いと思われる。 日本の将来の見込みは暗いように思われる。 彼は金持ちであるように思われる。 Why does the first one use と and the second and third one use ように?
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980 views

中心にする vs. 中心とする

I am currently studying Japanese and one of the recent grammar points I ran into is the construct「〜を中心[に・と]する」. I was wondering whether the choice of particle has any particular connotation, or ...
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Before ということは, can I use a compound complex sentence?

I know that before ということは, there can be a sentence. But can the sentence be a compound complex sentence? even though I am not sure if there is such a category in Japanese. Example 1 【私は試験を受けたことがないのに、...
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1answer
175 views

What does kimashita means in 寒くなってきました

So I came across this sentence寒くなってきました. I learned the grammar verb-te + ikimasu/kimasu which means doing something and going back or the other. I searched up the grammar and it also means becoming/...
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2answers
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Why is 何が used to mean “sorry for what?” instead of 何で?

I was watching an anime where character A apologizes to character B after trying to kiss her: A: ごめん!I’m sorry! B: 何が?言ってみて!For what? Just try to say it! My question is why was が used after ...
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1answer
286 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
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1answer
190 views

What does 'し' mean in these scenarios

何しに原宿に来ましたか I understand what the sentence generally means, but I am unclear what し means in the sentence above. Is the し just a conjugation of する, and if so, when should I use し instead of する? Can ...
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Questions about の→ん contraction, でござる→でございます shift

【原文】Original version 各これらの語の特徴はいつからなの?何時代ですの? 第一、「のです」と「なのです」を書いて「んです」と「なんです」を書かなかったことはいつからなの? 第に、「でござる」を書いて「でございます」を書かなかったこともいつからなの? 私の日本語がよくないですと、すみません! Edited version I have two questions ...
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1answer
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A question regarding the usage of 代わりに?

I sent the following sentences to some Japanese friends of mine and all of them seem to agree that the second one is more natural here. This left me wondering why 代わりに does not work in this situation ...
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What are the differences between 間中{あいだじゅう} and 間{あいだ}?

I recently learned different usages of both kanji and I saw it is possible to use the combination of both. It seems to me that 間中{あいだじゅう} isn't a new word. (The other readings don't matter now.) Here ...
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1answer
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Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
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1answer
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会社の制裁についてです。採用契約に書いてあるものですが、意味がわかりません。

1回の額が平均賃金の1日分の半額、総額が一賃金支払期における賃金総額の10分の1以内で減給する。 ここの「一回の額」と「総額」ってどういう意味ですか
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1answer
465 views

(Sumo cloze passage) What in tarnation was I supposed to put in this blank?

I was given the following cloze passage with 9 questions. Blanks 3, 6, 7 and 8 have [requirements in brackets] that must be followed when answering. I have filled in my own answers in bold. While all ...
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1answer
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Usage of という話に。。。

I'm reading a manga where the character is shocked at how quickly he has leveled up. He says: ただ。。。ありえないほど伸びてる。。。これじゃあ僕のこれまでの半月は一体何だったんだという話に。。。 I'm interested in this usage of ending a sentence ...
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What is the difference between に伴って and と共に?

Can somebody explain to me the difference between と共{とも}に and に伴{ともな}って? I believe that sometimes they can be used interchangeably, but not always. Moreover, their basic meanings also seem to differ. ...
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1answer
456 views

What's the difference between 上で and 次第?

I was wondering what was the difference between 上で and 次第. As for their significance I think that they differ a little. On one end, 上で bears the meaning of "upon doing something", whilst 次第 implies ...
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1answer
141 views

〜で〜て欲しい rather than 〜に〜て欲しい: a mistake?

逢桜「いえ、わたしの後悔を先輩で晴らして欲しいですから」 I understand from the story that 逢桜 doesn’t want her 先輩 to make the same mistake as 逢桜 did, so she says "I want senpai to clear my regrets". But why is で used ...
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205 views

〜ている + そうだ(様態) =?

How do you add そうだ meaning "looks like" to the 〜ている form? 〜て(い)そうだ? E.g. 皆が集まっている・食材が揃っている + そうだ = ?
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「がる」と「と思っている」の違いがありますか

「がる」と「と思っている」の違いは何ですか 例えば、 その地方の人々はこの宝物が珍しがっている その地方の人々はこの宝物が珍しいと思っている
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1answer
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Can I say お兄さんは結婚いたしております?

Can I say お兄さんは結婚いたしております instead of お兄さんは結婚しております
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152 views

Verbs with までに can they work?

I know までに means "by" or "by the time..." And it's used with Time. But I can't help but wonder if I can use it with verbs for example...would this make sense... 行ったまでに... By the ...
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2answers
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What does ‘‪いてね‬’ mean?

What does ‪いてね‬ mean in ‘‪聴いてね‬’?
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1answer
287 views

How do you say "you can do this or that"?

I'm having trouble figuring out how to suggest two different scenarios. The question on my homework was "What can you do with $300?" I am looking to say something along the lines of "You could buy A, ...
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2answers
370 views

について vs に関して - the internet tells me they only change in formality, but Imabi disagrees?

について vs に関して 1a. 今から韓国に関して話してください。X 1b. 今から韓国について話してください。〇 Why is Imabi saying that 1a is wrong? Source All sources are saying that について and に関して have the same function, with the latter being more ...
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1answer
55 views

Question about つらい after verb

I read the definition of the word 苦しむ: 肉体的な痛みや苦しさを感じてつらいと思う I don't understand what the つらい is doing there. Does it mean the same as づらい. Is there any difference between them? If so, then I ...
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1answer
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A question regarding the sentence 俺は悪魔をできるだけ苦しむように殺してやりたいぜ

I was reading a book about hunting demons (悪魔) and some other things. I then encountered this sentence, which is in the bold: おい。なんで悪魔の力使わなかった? あ俺の力使ってで悪魔を殺すとよぉ。すっげぇ痛いそうなんだわ。...
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1answer
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Particle に and は

In Kanji in Context book, there's this one sentence: 人間に上下はないと考えるアメリカ人にとって、日本の目上と目下の関係は面倒だろう ? I'm not sure why に and は and not が。 The second part of the sentence is understandable, but the first one ...
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1answer
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〜ということ and just 〜こと

I've been trying to learn when to use 〜ということ or just 〜こと, for example: 彼が金を貸してくれた{ということ/ こと}は私は彼に信用されている{ということ/こと}だ。 (The fact that he lent me money means that I am trusted by him.) With the above ...
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ずっと側にいてくれてありがとう, Why て Form?

For the above sentence pulled from Bunpro, the correct answer uses the て. The translation is: Thank you for always being next to me. [being there for me] Why do we need to put くれる into the て?
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1answer
368 views

How does 最初の何年かは work here?

I'm communicating with a Japanese penfriend on italki, and I've got a few problems with what she has written me in Japanese For context: Amongst other things, I've told her that I've changed my ...
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More confusion about 疑う [duplicate]

彼は彼女がオオカミではないかと疑った。 He suspected that she was a wolf. (given translation) I have read this related post but I still struggle to understand when 疑う means 'doubt' and when it means 'suspect'. My ...
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1answer
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ではないか Grammar translation

what does ではないか mean in the sentence below? And can someone please translate it? 耳に馴染みのない方も多いのではないかと思いますが、 (after that he explains the word)....
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1answer
293 views

What does こと mean in this context? こと脚に関しては他のサーヴァントより優位におるぞ

余はライダー。こと脚に関しては他のサーヴァントより優位におるぞ。 https://soundcloud.com/felipem-ller/wed-feb-13-2019-1 So, sorry for repeating the title, but the question is simple, what does こと mean in this context?
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2answers
166 views

よう(に) to mean 'as if to'?

It's common knowledge that よう(に) can be understood as either A ようにB (do B so that A, B to A) or A ようにB (to do B as A). But I wonder if ように can mean 'As if to' as well? Basically combine the 2 above ...
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1answer
149 views

Can anyone give me some more examples/resources about 分 used in a conditional(?) sense

I'm translating a song and came across this line in bold: よりにもよって 性質が悪い/はしゃいだ分 虚しくなるんだな/真夜中にふと目が覚めて それから/君がいないことに気づく I am planning to translate it in this format If you はしゃぐ, you'll 虚しくなる。 or ...
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2answers
232 views

What's the difference between というものではない、というものでもない and というわけがない?

I often encounter these three forms, but I'm sure that they are not always interchangeable. Someone could explain me the difference and perhaps provide me some example too?
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1answer
505 views

How to parse "ものとも", when used at the end of a sentence in a Japanese dictionary entry?

Example: [補説]「とも」は、引用の格助詞「と」に、係助詞「も」の付いたものとも。
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what is the difference between 海に泳ぎに行きます and 海に行って泳ぎます

correct me if i'm wrong. my teacher said, に行きます mean purpose this sentence 海に泳ぎに行きます makes sense if someone asked 来週の休みの目的は何ですか? what does 海に泳ぎに行きます mean without someone ask question?
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Understanding てっと at the end of sentence

桐葉「雪妃エレナは分かるんだけど、今日も逢桜は休み?」 ゆめみ「作業日なのに3日もサボリとか……逢桜さんらしくないよね」 寿季「とはいえLIMEに既読もつかないしな……桐葉の方はどう?」 桐葉「私も連絡したけど、なしのつぶてよ。茶店のほうも臨時休業中の張り紙があったし」 寿季「とりあえず心配だから、一言でもいいからメッセージが欲しいってLIMEに書いてっと」 I understand the ...
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2answers
243 views

how is に used in this sentence?

I just need clarification of how it was used in this particular sentence 相対的になされるべきで 一部ではなく全体のバランスが対象に I'm just confused why there is a に at the end I did check the video if the voice actor said ...
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1answer
130 views

How would one say something like "It drives as fast as it looks"?

I was looking up the ways one can use みたいに when the thought came to me. I've seen a couple ways, but I want to be sure about this, so I can about how to write more complex comparisons
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2answers
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What does こと mean in this context? そとで、ものをうっていることが多いです

I'm going through ekubo basic Japanese lessons and there's a recurring use of the word こと I don't understand, like in this sentence: そとで、ものをうっていることが多いです Translated in the video as People usually ...
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1answer
108 views

Why is は used in phrases with はず, if they are formal nouns that take a subordinate clause?

Based on what I understand, formal nouns like はず take up a subordinate clause, therefore taking が to mark the subject, but when I see examples such as あの人は若いはず or あの本は高かったはずだ It makes it look like ...
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3answers
146 views

Understanding 今回は惜しいのでセーフということにしておきます

寿季「初めて出会った時のこと、覚えてます?」 エレナ「ええ。覚えているわ」 エレナ「寿季が私にぶつかって、読んでいた本を落としてしまったのよね」 寿季「いや、ぶつかったのは別の生徒で、俺は通りがかっただけです」 エレナ「……間違いは誰にでもあるわ」 寿季「今回は惜しいのでセーフということにしておきます」 I would translate the bold part sentence ...
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0answers
73 views

What does こと before a noun mean? [duplicate]

Here are two examples of こと being used in the beginning of a sentence/clause: こと性愛を司るイシュタルには、ベルの訴えは届かない。 To Ishutal, who rules over eros, Bell's reasoning was useless. (?) Context: Ishutal is a ...

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