Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
58 views

conditional ば with だ? [duplicate]

I found this: でも、考えてみればだ。 Actually this is the first time I've seen a だ with a conditional together. What does it mean?
1
vote
0answers
60 views

騙された and 騙されられた difference [closed]

I'm a little confused. I was walking down the street and heard someone say "店人が騙されられた・・・". From the tone of voice it felt like the translation should be "I was tricked by shop staff&...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

Function of 私に when someone else wants someone to do something

私の妻はこの古いよい帽子を私にすててほしいと思っている。 I understand this sentence, but when I dissect it, I realize I'm not sure why に is being used. Does anyone care to explain?
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Where did 初めて and 初めまして come from, if not from 初める(はじめる not そめる)?

Did 初める(はじめる) used to exist as a verb? It's not present today except as a frequent tripping stone for kanji autocomplete. However, the 初めまして word's まして seems to imply that this was a verb that could ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Why「で/に」cannot be omitted ? (どこかで / どこかに)

The particle「へ/を」, can be omitted after「どこか or なにか」. But, with「で/に」we can't. Why? どこかに電話がありますか。/ どこか(へ)逃避行したい。 Thank you.
2
votes
0answers
44 views

<Something>ように<可能形>度には<something else>

I've studied Japanese for years and I've never come across this expression before. I saw this in a Twitch chat and the full quote was the following (I was the one who asked the thing in 「」 brackets): ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Use of という over に in this sentence

I've come across a sentence in a story and although I understand the meaning, I still find that という for me is a construction that I often struggle with a little bit. On this occasion I'm wondering why ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

is は/が always needed to make a grammatically correct sentence?

I listen to a lot of Japanese music, and a common trend I've seen with a lot of them are to say 「≪pronoun≫≪noun≫」. For example, 「あたし猫」 = "I'm a cat." My question is, is this grammatically ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

「その+名詞」vs「この+名詞」

I am currently working through the N1 grammar preparation book 「新完全マスター 文法」and one of the later chapters of the book deals with the difference between 「その+名詞」and「この+名詞」. There are two examples given: ...
5
votes
1answer
143 views

誰も立候補者がおらず meaning

The context is that the protagonist went to the roof after being invited by someone and the protagonist was describing his admiration of this place (the roof). Then there's this passage: それを見ていると、...
1
vote
1answer
187 views

と会ってくれる feels unnatural

1) 先生は私と会ってくれる。 How is this sentence correct? [先生は私と会ってくれる] this setence feels unnatural to me becauseと会う means subject and person(me) are going to meet each other so how くれる can be used in this ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Question about ん-volitional

So I was wondering this arcaic means of expressing volitional in Japanese, and the question comes up: Can a native japanese distinguish between ん-negative and ん-volitional in a phrase without or with ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Understanding 可能なところ

十香は顔を真っ赤にしながら叫びを上げると、身体を覆い隠すようにその場にしゃがみ込んだ。 「えっ、ええっ!?いや、それは十香が自分でーー」 「馬鹿を言うな!自分で服を脱いだなら忘れるはずがないだろう!は……っ、まさか<ハニエル>で私の服を……!?」 「ち、違う!濡れ衣だ!」 <ハニエル>であれば可能なところが苦しかったが、士道としてはそう言う他なかった。必死に頭を振り、...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Can you use ないで and ずに for expressing reasons?

Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar (DoBJG) said that both ないで and なくて is used to express the idea that a negative statement is a reason for another statement. To paraphrase, II. ないで can be replaced ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Understanding NがNだからって

『ーーじゃあ、早速いきましょうか士道。相手が相手だからって、あまり気負いすぎないこと。確かに彼女の力は強大だけれど、それは今に始まった話じゃないでしょう?いつも通りのデートができればきっと大丈夫よ』 The 相手 and 彼女 refer to the same person. Could you please explain the usage of the construction ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Particle に in passive sentences?

From what I understand the particle に marks the doer in passive voice sentences, but I found this one in a book: あいつから、例の本が彼女に渡された。 The に particle here as a "marking the doer" doesn't make ...
5
votes
2answers
584 views

What is the nuance between 内に and 間に in these sentences?

This will be a long question. I referred to the other questions that were already answered, Difference between 前に and うちに When describing time span, are 間 {あいだ} and 内 {うち} interchangeable? What'...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Using particles excessively?

I've been using Duolingo for the better half of my Japanese learning experience but recently I purchase the McGraw's Complete Japanese Grammar for more comprehensive learning. I'm on chapter 7, which ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Do particles go after or between question words?

Recently, I have realized something interesting: The following sentences are from Japanese lyrics of different songs, so they must be grammatically correct: 誰よりも輝く君を見て 誰にも話せない 誰の心にも、大切な場所がある ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Understanding this sentence: と笑ってたがな

I was playing Fire Emblem 5 and at the beginning of Chapter 2 there is a dialogue between two evil characters: one seems to be a priest called August and the other is a henchman called Bucks. The ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Understanding いい感じに作用した

「ど、どういうことだ?治ってたって……何が?」 「だから、真那の身体がです。DEMにさんざっぱら弄くり回されたダメージが、嘘みたいに消えてやがっていたそうです。仮説ですが、澪さんの霊結晶が弾けた際の霊力の波が、こう、いい感じに作用したんじゃねーかと。健康に気を遣えば白寿も夢じゃねーと言われました」 I’m have some trouble understanding the bold part ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Understanding 編入させていただけますか in this context

「ーーさしあたって琴里さん、真那も四糸乃さんたちと一緒のタイミングで中学校に編入させていただけますかね?さすがにこれから生きていくにあたって、最終学歴小卒ってのはつれーです」 I understand from the context that the speaker, 真那, wanted 琴里 to let 真那 go to the same middle school as 四糸乃etc. ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

How to express the future perfect progressive tense?

Here's an example sentence in English with this tense On July 1st, it will have rained for 2 months I understand that there's no such tense in Japanese, but how do I go about expressing it? Here are ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

っていうことになったんですけど - meaning?

I had just received a somewhat rushed 'transliteration' of a 1 minute video. To me, Shigeru Miyamoto speaks in a way which is extremely difficult to understand. I am adding the full transcript just ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Use of てしまったら after verb

If I understood correctly てしまう means that something happened by mistake/negatively, たらindicates condition like an if so てしまったら would mean if some negative thing happens? Here is the sentence where i ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Different meanings of ですが [duplicate]

I have started reading 「魔女の宅急便」, and I found a sentence I quite understand, but for the exact meaning of 「ですが」: キキのばあいも、十歳の中ごろ、魔女になる決心をしたのですが、そのあとすぐ、コキリさんの持っている魔法を習いはじめました As far as I know, 「ですが」 ...
1
vote
2answers
176 views

Does 泣いている describe a continuous action or a state after a change has taken place?

Intransitive verbs describe a change that people/things undergo from my understanding and do not take a direct object. I've also read that the te-form of intransitive verbs with いる describe a state ...
2
votes
2answers
821 views

What does するがり and がんこ mean?

I'm reading a book and the following sentence showed up: ふたむかし前の漫画に登場するがり勉少年や下町のがんこ親父がかけていそうな代物なのだ。 I didn't find anything about "するがり" or "〜がり". I didn't study the 〜がる grammar ...
1
vote
2answers
191 views

そんな飲み方をしてしまいたくなるのが interpreting してしまいたくなる

今、ちょっと休憩です。今日もまた、7時まで頑張ります!そして、また、お茶ミルについてですけど、本当に買ってよかった。今、休憩で、また抹茶を作りました。そして、おろししょうががあったので、半分入れた。そんな飲み方、え~ってかんじだけど、そんな飲み方をしてしまいたくなるのが、このお茶ミルです。 Can someone help me parse the last sentence, im having ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

What is「~(よう)とするも」? [duplicate]

A chapter summary from Kanokari chapter 191 カオスづくしの家簇簇行がいよいよスタート!! ハワイアンズへの道中で、水原が指輪を返そうとするも俺は断{ことわ}った!! 俺はこの旅行中に水原に告白するんだ・・・!!と改めて気持ちを引き締めたんだけど、 ホテルに着いたらロビーに麻美ちゃんが!! なんで!? What is the meaning of ...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

How to express “for each” in Japanese

Currently, I am trying to find which grammar construction is appropriate for expressing a phrase similar to "For each apple you give me, I will give you an orange." in Japanese. The current ...
4
votes
3answers
520 views

Possessive の not indicating what is possessed

Over a year ago, I wrote a text on Lang-8. I'm analyzing my texts. I wrote, very badly, this sentence: この本書は、Lang-8で一番日本語の本書を書きます。 I tried to say "this is my first text on Lang-8" 😂 Yeah, ...
5
votes
1answer
725 views

Is it grammatically correct to use もし and/or 〜ば form along with the 〜たい form to convey desire in a conditional clause?

My impression when using conditionals, most of the time, you lose the ability to express desire. For example, when conjugating to -たら、you have to use the past tense of the verb. Is it grammatically ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Expressing “would rather do X”

I'm trying to figure out how to express the following idea in English in Japanese: "I would rather listen to music." The context would be something like speaking colloquially with a friend,...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

How to use counter question word + か

In Tae Kim's grammar guide, it tell you that question word can be appended with か、も、でも to mean different things(誰か someone, 誰も everyone, 誰でも anyone). Can the same be carried over to counters? For ...
0
votes
1answer
231 views

痛くなったり grammar?

I'm having trouble understanding 痛{いた}くなったり (itakunattari). Appears to be itakunai + the "tari" adverb thing. But then why is it 痛{いた}くなったり and not 痛{いた}くなたり
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Meaning and grammar of 〜されようと思う

幾人もの人間を殺してきた。 幾人もの人間を不幸にしてきた。 今さら許されようとは思っていないし、許されるとも思っていない。 I’m trying to understand the construction されようとは思っていない. Is it the same construction as 外国に住もうとは思わない? If it is, why can the verb before よう ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

What are the differences between ように and ような to express similarity? [duplicate]

What are the differences between the auxiliary adjectives ように and ような when they're used to express similarity ? Consider the two following sentences : ドロシーは日本人のように日本語を話す。 ドロシーは日本人のような日本語を話す。 ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Understanding「ぼんやりのようにも見えるし、なにを考えているかわからない、きみ悪さが感じられるときもある」

An excerpt from 時をかける少女. Need help understanding the bold part. 一夫と吾朗は、並んで手洗い場へ行った。ふたりのうしろ姿を見くらべた和子は、また、笑い出しそうになった。かれらの組みあわせはじつにおもしろい。一夫は背が高くやせ型。吾朗はずんぐりむっくりである。どちらも勉強はよくできるが、吾朗は努力家で、どちらかといえば直情径行型。...
6
votes
1answer
99 views

Understanding 形容詞+くも

色素の薄い髪に、白い簡易霊装。可愛らしくもどことなく生意気さが窺えるその顔立ちは、疑似精霊<二ベルコル>に似ているような気がした。 I don’t understand the grammar phenomenon of 形容詞+くも. Could you please explain that? Is it a fixed grammar pattern?
1
vote
1answer
127 views

why is there no いう after と

I found this sentence while sentence mining oregairu I understand it, but I don't know why there is no いう after the と can someone please explain this なんちゃってドッキリでした ~ と出ていけば それでOKだ
2
votes
1answer
141 views

俺だけ入れる隠しダンジョン and its grammatical issue

俺だけ入れる隠しダンジョン。 The Hidden Dungeon Only I Can Enter. The above sentence is a title from winter 2021 anime. Is the sentence grammatically correct? Why does not it written as: 俺だけが隠しダンジョンを入れる。 or ...
4
votes
1answer
470 views

Meaning of にある時? (「死にそうな目にあった時…」

I found this sentence: 死にそうな目にあった時、すぐに入りなおさないと。 I know what it means, but I can't understand the grammar behind "にあった時".
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Function of わけ in 「あんたは悔しくないわけ?」 [duplicate]

I was wondering what the function of わけ was if you formed a sentence as a question: 「あんたは悔しくないわけ?」
3
votes
2answers
641 views

The different usages of -ため

Roughly, my textbook taught me two major usages of -ため: First, in context of a final clause, it is the colloquial equivalent to -ように and marks that the verbal expression connected to ために is the "...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

ため used to give reason? [duplicate]

So I came across this sentence: 政府が情報を厳しくチェックしているため、事件のことをみんなの前で話すことができません。 I'm familiar with ために and のため, but it's the first time I see ため used like this. From my understanding, in this sentence it'...
-3
votes
0answers
192 views

What does “は” at the end of the sentence mean? [duplicate]

What does "は" mean at the end of the sentence? Is that for emphasize or does it make the sentence a question? Example: someone's asking people in a town if there is a sakura family in this ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Can you use the particle も after adjective+の?

I am trying to say, They are usually smartphone games, but there are also pc and console games. My attempt is this: たいていスマホのゲームですが、パソコンのもコンソールのもあります。 I know you can use の alone and ommit the noun ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

How is the use of を broken down in this sentence? [duplicate]

I've been reading a Visual Novel, and I came across this sentence: リリーはくすくす笑い、ティースプーンを置くと、カップとソーサーを手にゆっくりテーブルに向かってくる。 What's throwing me off is the use of を right after 「カップとソーサー~」I put the sentence ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

~するもの vs ~すること grammar difference N3 [duplicate]

I'm studying for taking the JLPT N3 and I've run across this exercise: この用紙は必ず黒か青のペンで記入する(_____) Between the possible answers I had these two: もの and こと. I chose もの but the correct answer is こと. ...

1
2 3 4 5
145