Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
89 views

Abbreviation and meaning of 「よか」?

The sentence is taken from the manga 「イエスタデイとうたって」 The person who utters this sentence told her friend that he loves her a few days ago. His friend said that she rather wants to be/stay friends. On ...
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Is it considered natural to use ども (in the context of 'even if') in written or spoken Japanese today?

A beautiful thought by 小林先生 in 窓ぎわのトットちゃん is conveyed as follows: 世に恐るべきものは、目あれど美を知らず、耳あれども楽を聴かず、心あれども真を解せず。。。の類である。 I haven't seen this usage of ども much. How natural is it to use this form in ...
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おタバコお吸いになりますか の意味は何ですか?

Why is になりますか used in this sentence? How is it different from おタバコを吸いますか?
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what does いずる mean?

what does "いずる (izuru)" mean when it's combined with verbs such as "萌えいずる" ? Can I say "Sprouting" as a translation of "萌えいずる" ? Thank you so much in advance.
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The different meanings of に対して

に対して is generally used with the sense of "in contrast to" or "in regard to/ toward to"; however I never understood if the difference can only be infered by the context or there is ...
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1answer
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Can I use a relative clause like this?

Let's say I wanted to render the sentence "Money's worth what we make it worth." into Japanese. I'd break it down like so: money-topic 貨幣は is worth-suru verb 値打ちする "what we make it ...
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32 views

what's the meaning of とする

I found these two sentences, but I'm not sure about their meaning and in particular what's the usage of とする here. I've encountered it many times with two meanings: when it appears at the end of a ...
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修飾 and ending sentences in nouns

Reference: This article ("セブ市は引き続きECQか。首都圏が再びMECQになる可能性も") is written by 岡田薫さん from マニラ新聞: ドゥケ保健相は8日朝、セブ市について、現在の防疫区分が切れる16日以降も防疫強化地域(ECQ)に留めるとの意向を明らかにした。一方、アニョ内務自治相は8日、首都圏が修正防疫強化措置(MECQ)...
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I'd like someone to break these sentences down so I can understand them better

まず私が罹った膵臓の病気っていうのはちょっと前まで判明した時にはほとんどの人が死んじゃう病気の王様だった。 To start things off, pancreatic diseases like what I’ve been diagnosed with are the kings of sudden deaths. From what I can understand, this is ...
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「スカッと...」Why is the last kana here in hiragana? [duplicate]

I am attempting to read RAW manga for this first time, and I am encontering a varigated use of カタカナ and ひらがな in sentences that leaves me puzzled. The whole sentence is: 「勉強しなくていいさし、悪者退治なんてスカッとしそうだし」。 ...
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Is google translate right? [closed]

I want to say that those people don't have the same kind of a relationship with eachother. Does 彼らは同じ関係を持っていません convey that ?
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What's the meaning of “みたい” in the following context?

To give a bit of context, this is a text found on a DS game where some options are shown on the lower screen. The full text is the following: したがめんを タッチして みたい こうもくを えらんで ください I understand that the ...
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Difference between も兼ねて・を兼ねて

Someone asked her friend (in a TV show) 「宿題の答え合わせも兼ねて 勉強会をやりませんか?」 in the sense of "Want to do a study session, and compare our homework answers while we're at it?". Would the meaning change ...
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Does anybody know anything about astrology to figure out what 優先度 has to do with the following sentence?

https://cocoloni.jp/fortune/1362383/ 英国占星術で占う「あの人の今、あなたに対する優先度」【無料占い】 I think its trying to ask, "How important is this persons whereabouts in regards to your priority" or "His priority ...
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a question about としては問われず

日本の国政は議院内閣制であり、内閣は衆議院に信任されていれば存立し、国民の支持・不支持は直接的な制度としては問われず、4年以内に行われる衆議院議員総選挙や衆議院議員補欠選挙を通じて間接的に反映されるだけである(地方政治ではリコール制度がある)。 the political body of japan is that of a parliamentary system of government ...
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Please explain sending ending よったか

This is an excerpt from ゲド戦記 竜が人間の地である この東世界に現れよったか Dragons here, in the east? Can this really be true? I don't understand what よったか is doing here - can anyone kindly explain? Thankyou!
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Verb てform + くる what does it mean?

I'd like to know what is the meaning of the previous pattern I mentioned in the following sentence: 職場ではそんな話ばかりきこえてくるぞ! I guess きこえて is the てform of 聞こえる. But what is the meaning of きこえて + くる ...
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446 views

usage of 『は』and『が』with adjectives { na-adj and i-adj }

i really had this question in my mind and it caused me a lot of pain. My question is : what is the difference between using ( wa ) and ( ga ) with adjectives ? i got confusion because i studied ...
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Usage of すら in この中ではそれすら異常なスピードで進むというのか

Just want to confirm my understanding. From what I can tell, すら means 'even'. So in a sentence like: "この中ではそれすら異常なスピードで進むというのか" is my understanding correct that それすら is referring to the ...
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Usage of で in this sentence

I have a sentence (jlptN4): その花屋はいつもきれいな花でいっぱいです。 Could someone please explain why it needs で here, not が?
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Is 死んでく a shortened form of 死んでいく? [duplicate]

Full sentence: そういうヤツら もう どんどん死んでく から よくない?
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Ending a sentence with 〜だろうが [duplicate]

I came across this sentence while reading a character's lines, it is as follows: そんなの吹っ飛ばされるレンが悪いんだろうが! My understanding of だろうが is that it means something like, "no matter what/how...", ...
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Translating どこでかまれたのかわかると、どんな虫が原因かわかることがあるので伝えてください。

I was almost towards the end of my bedtime news article when I got stumped by this sentence: 虫の専門家は「虫にかまれて、腫れたり痛かったりするときは、病院に相談してください。どこでかまれたのかわかると、どんな虫が原因かわかることがあるので伝えてください」と話しています。 To Japanese ...
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いつかこれがビジネスになればなあと

Would be grateful if someone could translate the following: いつかこれがビジネスになればなあと I'm also not sure what the function of "な" is in the end part になればなあと. My translation attempt: Someday this ...
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Optional omission of the particle に

My textbook has the sentence: " 私は日曜日[に]国へ帰ります。" This means that に is optional, however, why is it optional, and how would you decide when to write/not write に. Thanks!
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Intuitive way to justify this usage of「に」

An earlier question on JP.SE asked about the usage of the particle「に」for what seemed to be attribution or possession, but I wasn't sure if those were 'official' uses of「に」and I decided to do some ...
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1answer
159 views

How 出 + noun + して works in this sentence

ここ最近 出署してない What exactly is this sentence trying to say? I realise that 出 is supposed to be a verb here, but why is it placed before 署, a noun, and not after? And what is the してない portion trying to ...
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What “…しもーたん” could mean?

I came up with this sentence while reading manga: 何であんなふうに育ってしもーたん。 Context: That's what the grandfather says after his grandson exits the house without telling anyone. 育って - I believe it's the te-...
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オンラインショップで買えるようにしてはいる

オンラインショップで買えるようにしてはいる Would be grateful if someone could explain this part of the statement : 買えるようにしてはいる Thanks
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What is the use of the particle “は” in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm currently translating the lyrics of "Realize" by Konomi Suzuki. And the one thing that made me confused was the use of the particle "は" in this sentence of the lyrics. ...
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小さく住んでいる meaning

In my textbook I have a sentence 「私の町は小さく、住んでいる人は30万人以下です」 I have a couple of questions on this.. At first glance I thought this meant “living small” as in the opposite of “living large” but I can’t ...
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1answer
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What's the difference between the -banme and -ban counters?

I found these two sentences in RosettaStone kochira no sanbanme no seki desu kanojo wa hachiban no seki ni suwatte imasu Why is the first one not "sanban" and the second one not "...
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Specific use of してまで

Recently I've been reading Michael Emmerich's "New Penguin Parallel Text" for Japanese short stories. In Yoshimoto Banana's "A Little Darkness," there's a passage that describes how the narrator's ...
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What is the difference between “に” and “には”?

The title should be pretty self-explanatory. What meanings does each convey? And in what kinds of circumstances would one be used instead of the other? For example, what are the differences between ...
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What is the use of the first の in this sentence?

"色の薄いものと濃いものを両方使うときれいに見えます。" I thought this was the case where の substitutes が but this is not a relative clause. I'd just like to know about this particular use of の.
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Dissecting the sentence 自分がそうなってみて、実感としてそう感じる。

This serves as a follow up question related to this, with a focus on the last paragraph. Again, here's the passage: 物体は激しく動けば、それだけ摩擦が大きくなる。人間だって、激しく動くと熱を持つのだ。端から見れば、輝いている人間のことが、きっと羨ましく見えるのだろう。 だけど、...
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Using は instead of を here, the differences?

In Lesson 11 of Genki I, they discuss the は particle in negative sentences: In negative sentences, you often find the particle は where you expect が or を. Observe the dialogues below: 山下先生はテレビを見ますか。(...
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Understanding 北野武 「全思考」

I was reading an excerpt from this book and it read something like this: 物体は激しく動けば、それだけ摩擦が大きくなる。人間だって、激しく動くと熱を持つのだ。端から見れば、輝いている人間のことが、きっと羨ましく見えるのだろう。 だけど、輝いている本人は熱くてたまらないのだ。(中略) これは真面目に、けっこう辛いことなのだ。 ...
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Putting words like who and where together [duplicate]

In my text book I have a sentence I’m glad I came across. I’m not sure if Iv translated it correctly but if I have I’m happy I found this! 「いつ誰と来て何を食べたか覚えてない」 Does this mean “when and who I came with ...
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Is there any difference between そこで and それで?

I know that they can both mean "so, therefore, because of that" etc., so what is the difference when I use them with that meaning?
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辞書形+ように : Is there a hint to understand different usages?

Consider the first example: ~like, as if meaning: この本に書いてあるように作ればおいしいドレッシングができるよ。 You can make a delicious dressing if you make it as written in this book. Further, in the next example: ~in order ...
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Would I use で if I want to say “drawing in an art program”

I feel like this is wrong, but I’m not entirely sure, if I wanted to say “my first time drawing in Paint Tool Sai” would this sentence be correct? ペイントツールSAIで初めて描画
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1answer
168 views

What is the difference between 自由に and 自由で?

自由に歩けなくても... 自由で歩けなくても.. can anyone differentiate this
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2answers
873 views

What's the difference between まま and っぱなし?

I do understand that they can be interchangeable, but can you provide me some example to understand the difference?
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2answers
164 views

What is the difference in nuance between using て form and から to express “so” or “because”?

As discussed in this post. Example: このカフェは安くて好きだ。 このカフェは安いから、好きだ。 Besides the relative context dependency of the first sentence, is there a difference in meaning? Is there a reason to use one over the ...
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1answer
98 views

Why が instead of は here for reasoning clauses?

Why is it が and not は for the bolded particle?: お寺を見に行くつもりでしたが、天気がよくなかったから、行きませんでした。 We were planning to go to see a temple, but we didn't because the weather was not good. Is it also OK to ...
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1answer
310 views

Maths sentences: 足す and 掛ける

I noticed a lack of case marking particles in mathematical sentences: 1足す2は3である。 3掛ける4は12である。 足す and 掛ける are verbs, does subject and object analysis apply to this? Do they take on the ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the meaning of て-forms in this sentence?

While reading a travel blog I stumbled upon this paragraph: この日は-25℃。寒くて落ち着いて歩いていられません。 In my understanding, 寒くて is a て-form of 寒い, 落ち着いて is a て-form of 落ち着く, and 歩いて is a て-form of 歩く. However, I'...
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1answer
116 views

Can I use とおり (toori) for similes?

I know とおり (toori) means "as per", to convey accordance, like, 計画{けいかく}どおり (keikaku doori) = according to plan. But I wanna know whether it can also be used for sentences like this, or ...
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1answer
62 views

Can we use ために instead of で

As we know, で is used for, referring to the things that we use as an instrument/means to perform an act. So, my question is can we use "ために...を使う" instead of "で" to highlight that ...

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