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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Understanding the definition for 講座

I have trouble making sense of the definition for 講座: こう‐ざ【講座】(カウ━)〘名〙 ❶ 大学で、学科ごとに教授・准教授・講師などを配した研究・教育のための組織。また、それに基づいて行われる講義。 I am unsure how to understand 学科ごとに. There are two ways I can read the ...
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1 answer
68 views

Understanding [person]+相手に

I encountered two examples of [person]+相手に: Boruto Blue Vortex ch. 11: She is Beautiful ch. 42: I wonder how [person]+相手に is grammatically understood. Is it [person]の相手に or [person]を相手に(して)? I ...
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1 answer
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Meaning of V + ての + noun

In かつて神だった獣たちへ volume 5 I found these sentences, speaking about bayonets: もちろん接近しなくては使いようもなく、ライフルの登場は歩兵同士が肉薄しての銃撃と突撃による戦術、つまり銃剣を過去の物にするはずだった 内戦末期、戦場に登場した回転式機関砲は十分な威力と連射速度を持っていたため、肉薄しての突撃を押さえ込まれ無力だった ...
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1 answer
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Can どのぐらい or どれぐらい mean "how often"?

A language learning app that I use translates どのぐらい運動しますか? as how often do you exercise? But a few other sources I looked up do not list how often as a possible translation of どのぐらい Also, Google ...
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1 answer
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Difference between future use of てくる・なってくる vs base form・なる for state change verbs

For example, imagine a doctor saying: 医者:すぐによくなってくるでしょう。 How would this be different from simply saying 医者:すぐによくなるでしょう。 Similarly, if someone said 寒くなってくる季節。 How is this different from 寒くなる季節。 Or for ...
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For the まで・から time based meanings of てくる and ていく , are they grammatically required? If not, how do the meanings change?

Given these grammar point example sentences: <現在から未来へ> これからは一緒に生きていこう。 これからも頑張っていきましょう! <過去から現在まで> これまで会社員としてずっと生きてきた。 10年間頑張ってきたバレエをやめた。 What would change if I instead said: これからは一緒に生きよう。 ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Are 自分で来ました and 自分で来た grammatical?

Are 自分で来ました and 自分で来た grammatical? From my understanding, 自分で means "by oneself, relying only on oneself, without any help coming from others" while 一人で is a more neutral term meaning "...
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How do you breakdown ただけなので in 打ち上げただけなので

Does the 打ち上げただけなので breakdown into this: ただけなので=ただ+だけだ+なので?
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1 answer
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Meaning of でも in もちろん別のニュース番組でも

I am uncertain about the meaning of でも in もちろん別のニュース番組でも. I am pretty sure that this is an incomplete sentence but I am not sure what should come after でも. My intuition tells me that it should be ...
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1 answer
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Can anyone check my understanding of Verb stem+あげる/切る/通す/終わる and てしまう

As far as i understand, those words pretty much means "doing something completely" but each have its own nuance. I'll use the word 読む for conjugating as an example. 1.読み終わる  This one is just ...
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1 answer
131 views

confused about the usage of よう?

The sentence in question 彼に集中するよう注意を促しといたよ。 Meaning I urged him to concentrate. Confused as to what role the よう is playing here?
3 votes
1 answer
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Having a hard time breaking down this sentence and understanding the meaning

Here's the sentence カン蛙のよろこびようと云ったらもうとてもありません。 I know カン蛙のよろこび refers to "Kan the frog's joy", and I believe that I should read this sentence like this to help understanding the meaning : ...
5 votes
2 answers
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Does 誰と mean 誰とも?

There is one sentence I am confused with in the below panel: だから気に入らない、誰とつるむでもなく孤高を気取って表面上明るく接して上手くやれてると思ってるアイツが I am bit confused about the use of 誰と. I think it is supposed to be 誰とも. Is it a typo?...
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1 answer
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Understanding そうまでして光里のことを思い出してほしくないのかと自分で自分に呆れる

This is the first few entries of a diary written by 清香, who is taking care of くるみ. She purposefully let herself to lose her memory every day for some reason and to make up for it, she writes a diary. ...
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What is the grammatical relation between こそこそしたN and 汚れたN? [duplicate]

The two in the title, こそこそした, and 汚れた, are not necessarily related words, but are grammatically used in a similar way. For example, in both cases I technically can say: こそこそしている男, Sneaky Boy 汚れている男, ...
2 votes
1 answer
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が and けど at end of a sentence

I know that when in a sentence-final position が and けど can be used as softeners or to convey hedging, but in some situations understanding them as such doesn't feel right. Although my brain ...
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1 answer
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Understanding いつもは隠してあるわよ

I have difficulty making sense of いつもは隠してあるわよ in the below panel. From a grammatical perspective, it is odd to me to mix an adverb いつもは with a verb that describes a resultative state 隠してある. I assume ...
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What does に mean in 口止め料にこうして色々やらせてもらってる [duplicate]

I am uncertain about the function of に in this sentence: 口止め料にこうして色々やらせてもらってるし I think this に indicates a reason. So, 口止め料に mean "because I receive hush money"? (Source: she is beautiful ...
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3 answers
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わかい とき and 子ども の とき. Why there are の after こども and not after わかい?

"わかい" とき、あまり べんきょうしませんでした。 "こどもの" とき、よく かわ で およぎました。 I know before とき any noun will marked by の and an adjective will marked by nothing(な adj will marked な). if わかい is an ...
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The use of たり here is unclear to me, please explain to me! [duplicate]

A quote taken from 女王の教室ドラマ. It is said that 「いつまで経っても、何にも気づいたりしません。」 What is the use of たり here? I don’t understand… I couldn't wrap my mind about this. Thanks in advance
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Ways other than て-form and たり~たり~ to connect several sentences and ideas together

I was wondering if someone can give me some examples because I don't remember quite well from my Japanese classes (because we rarely used this following way), how to connect more sentences? Until now ...
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1 answer
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ように vs と in delineating quotation

I'm trying to write some practice sentences and I've come across a bit of a dilemma; I can't decide which clause conveys my meaning accurately. I am trying to say "I realized I liked playing ...
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1 answer
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Does Xと同じ and Xも同じ mean the same thing?

It seems to me that there is no difference in meaning between Xと同じ and Xも同じ. They both translate to "same as X" is that right? Are there any situations when Xも同じ is understood as "X is ...
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Does 輝璃身 and 花実 make sense? [closed]

I have spend about an hour researching japanese kanji and i think i've finally come up with an accurate name that means what i want it to mean, but i'm not sure. i only have very basic knowledge of ...
1 vote
2 answers
120 views

Is 好きじゃねえな人 correct?

would 好きじゃねえな人 be grammatically correct for "people I don't like"? or does it have to be 嫌いな人?
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Plain + Masu Form Implication

In the Japanese version of Deltarune, the character Spamton speaks in the manner of your typical overzealous slimeball salesman, but also makes heavy use of corruptions that only work in text「DIEすき」 ...
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1 answer
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Understanding these definitions for ~ではないか

I was looking up the definitions for ~ではないか and ~のではないか in Sanseidou and I encountered three similar-looking definitions: ではないか⦅終助⦆ ①問いかけや推量をあらわす。〔ほぼ断定している場合もある〕 「うそ━・問題があるの━」 のではないか⦅終助⦆〔←助動詞「のだ」...
1 vote
2 answers
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Is the "ぐらい" always needed in "どのぐらいかかりますか?"

The examples that I see regarding asking how long something (e.g. a train ride) takes always translates to "どのぐらいかかりますか?". But from what I understand, "ぐらい" means "about (how ...
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2 answers
129 views

What does てほしい here mean?

でも騙されてはいけない。やつはわたしの三倍ぐらい素行不良だ。そういうところは出 席日数で判断し (てほしい) 。 What does てほしい here mean? It was translated as "If you wanted" in a fan translation but I don't understand why.
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Understanding this particular usage of たり

For a bit of context, 清香 has been looking after a patient in a coma. Occasionally, she would converse with her even though she was in unconscious state. I am uncertain how this sentence is understood:...
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What does っつぅ mean?

example sentences (from wind breaker anime): 食べるものっつぅよりこうやってみんなでワイワイしながら食べることが好きなんだよ 俺がてっぺんだっつぅこととなんの関係もない simple sentences despite the fact I've never seen っつぅbefore. It feels similar to って but its ...
4 votes
1 answer
279 views

I want to climb smth: should I use に or を

I'm a little confused about whether you should use に or を with the verb のぼります。Should we say 富士山に登りたいです or 富士山を登りたいです? Also, I think the word 登ります is also used for describing the action of getting on a ...
1 vote
2 answers
718 views

what's the difference between 居る and 要る

In a sentence like "彼氏がいる" in spoken dialogue, I can't differentiate between "I need a boyfriend" and "I have a boyfriend". I'm thinking that 要る can't be used for people, ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Use of 何 in constructs like 何者にもなれない

This recent answer reminded me of a quote from the anime Mawaru Penguindrum: きっと何者にもなれないお前たち。 You who are surely unable to become somebody (literal TL) Is there any significant difference between ...
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2 answers
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Can は function like など?

There is one sentence in the below page I am uncertain with: 成長カプセルはともかく記憶力プセルはほとんど完成までこぎつけたものが入っているし Based on my understanding もの refers to 力プセル. In that case, I think は means など because 記憶力プセル is ...
3 votes
1 answer
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そんな VS その - category VS specific

そんな is often translated in bilingual dictionaries (such as jisho) with expressions along the lines of "such, that sort of, that kind of". This suggests to me that そんな literally refers to ...
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1 answer
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What is もの in 持ってるって今まで知らなかったものなら?

I have doubts with もの in this sentence 持ってるって今まで知らなかったものなら. There are two possible interpretations for this もの: Object for 持ってる Part of ものなら construction I think two is likely because the hidden ...
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3 answers
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Can “〜といい” also indicate permission similar to “〜ていい”

Both monolingual and English resources on “〜といい” indicate it means “should” or “hope that” similar to “〜たほうがいい” but I often see sentences like say “何でも好きなものを注文するといい” where it seems to not so much ...
1 vote
1 answer
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ということとか VS こととか

In the following extract, is there a reason why っていうこととか is used for the first circumstance, while simply こととか is used for the second circumstance? [...] そういう色々制限は、コロナの人は増えたけど、前よりも制限が少なくなってますね。ま、これも、...
1 vote
1 answer
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What does masu + そな mean?

In the song "World's End Dancehall" by wowaka, there is a line that goes: パッとフラッと消えちゃいそな I can, from what I know, translate this as (We) suddenly, by chance, completely disappear, but this ...
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1 answer
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Breaking down 岬波の英語の音読女子が載せてバズったやつ

I have difficulty trying to make sense of the dialogue below: (The one with blond hair is 天神岬波.) There is one sentence I am uncertain: 岬波の英語の音読女子が載せてバズったやつ It is hard to make sense of the structure ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Why is the answer だけは preferrable to 限り in the following exercise?

I came accross the following multiple choice question in my Japanese textbook: 母に(  )どうしても本当のことを言わないといけないと思う。 The possible answers are: 限り ばかり 限って だけは I chose 1. 限り, because I thought that に限り can ...
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1 answer
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Understanding 最後に咥えて人の煙で吸った気になりたいから

He got diagnosed with lung cancer and he is not allowed to smoke anymore. He meets up with his smoking buddy for the last time. I am not sure what he meant by 最後に咥えて人の煙で吸った気になりたいから. He will put a ...
1 vote
2 answers
194 views

What does ばかりで in "愉快な仲間ばかりで頼もしいぜ" mean

愉快な仲間ばかりで頼もしいぜ I can not understand the ばかりで in this sentence. Are ばかり and で stand together or both of them stand alone?
1 vote
1 answer
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What makes a compound lexical if it uses an auxiliary that can be attached to any verb?

I'd like to understand more about lexical compound verbs, specifically, lexical compounds that include an auxiliary that can be used with any verb. The verb 残す is an auxiliary that can be attached to ...
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1 answer
74 views

Can くらい mark subject?

A salaryman was very tired and fell asleep beside 田山さん. On the next day, he recalled what happened yesterday and said 田山さんの前で寝るくらいヤバかったんだ I initially interpreted this くらい as ほど and it means "(...
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1 answer
74 views

東北地方で「だっけ」という表現

東北地方で「そうだっけ」とか「たのしかったっけ」の語尾の「だっけ」や「け」はどういう意味ですか。
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1 answer
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Understanding 浮気とか以前にその行動はよくないかと

The below short dialogue is about whether going to 合コン is considered cheating or not: A: ねえ、合コンは浮気だと思う? B: う~ん…浮気とか以前にその行動はよくないかと I have doubts on how to parse 浮気とか以前にその行動. It seems like とか has the ...
1 vote
1 answer
249 views

what does たし mean here? [duplicate]

In the sentence その一味の船長の首に賞金をかけられたし! I'm thinking it is the archaic form of たい but i'm not sure
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2 answers
53 views

Understanding 連れていかれそう

In this panel, a guy is talking about how having a girlfriend is impossible and his friends agree. I might be overthinking but I am uncertain with 初デートでアニメイト連れていかれそう part, especially the use of ...

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