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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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0answers
39 views

Distinction between また and も

I'm very new to Japanese study, so please bear with me... 日本語の勉強は楽しいです。 数学の勉強も楽しいです。 In this example, study of Japanese is fun. Study of math is also fun, も is used to indicate that math, ...
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Why isn't 日本料理 written as 日本の料理?

Both 日本 and 料理{りょうり} are nouns but why aren't they concatenated with の? I think it should be written as 日本の料理 rather than 日本料理.
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409 views

What is the meaning of かけてきた

I am confused by this part にかけてきた. Can someone explain to me? この曲を給食のときにかけてきた放送委員
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Confusing use of とたん in 「来たとたん何か用かよ」

The speaker is experiencing unusual levels of politeness after visiting the house of a relative who wants them to do a favour (he didn't visit with the knowledge that she wants a favour): 「...
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1answer
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Usage of わけにはいかない

According to what I know, わけにはいかない means that someone can't do something for moral reason これは先生の本だから、君に貸すわけにはいかない This is my teacher's book so I can't lend it to you But I just saw this ...
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いかんでは why is this answer incorrect?

最近とても疲れやすいので、その日の体調いかんでは________ I answered it with : 会社を休むこともある But got it wrong(got 0 points), with a note telling me to use かもしれない instead. I understand that you can answer with the かもしれない ...
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2answers
107 views

Is it possible to put two adverbs one after another?

In the following sentence: 本当に正直に話していいかな? I know that 本当に is an adverb which means "really" but what about 正直に? I though that it was an adverb because of the に but I don't know if one can put two ...
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1answer
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Usage of て-form in 知っての通り

I have just come across the phrase 知っての通り〜 (as you know...) I have never noticed this usage of て-form before and can't find an explanation. What is the difference (if any) between this and 知っている通り? ...
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1answer
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Is the の[か] in my sentence a 準体言助詞 の[か]?

こんな訓練が何の役に立つのか不思議だったが、アインが言うにはバランス感覚は射撃の要になるらしい。 I hypothesize that the のか in question is a nominalizing の followed by a questioning か, as its preceded by the verb/expression 役に立つ. This verb-...
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What does adjective + でも mean? [duplicate]

The song RGTO by AKLO starts with the following lines: Everyday I wake up やる事明碓 少しでも 良くするこの生活 I think the translation goes as follows: Everyday I wake up It is clear what I have to ...
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1answer
81 views

Why does the following sentence contain など?

If you have read Japanese Wikipedia articles such as this one, you will have come across sentences like the following. この項目を加筆・訂正などしてくださる協力者を求めています My translation of the sentence goes like this: ...
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1answer
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Do all the い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them?

Do all い-adjectives become adverbs when you add く to them? For example: 新しい = 新しく 早い  = 早く But does this work with all the い-adjectives?
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333 views

“~Ni” or “~De”?

Should I use (に or で) for the following lines? Since they are time periods, I thought に would be correct, according to Times The particle ni is usually used with times: Go-ji ni ...
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1answer
81 views

A confusing line for me (picture)

I'm scratching my head at this one and I can't seem to understand it right. I really can't grasp the idea... So the context, there are 2 characters let's call them Hanako and Yosuke. Yosuke ...
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1answer
124 views

Difference in meaning of 場合 with 辞書形 and た形

Most of the grammar sources that I have access to tell me that 場合 can be preceded by the 辞書形 or the た形, but none of them explain the semantic difference between the two uses. This is clearly not a ...
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1answer
111 views

What is the meaning of とか in the sentence?

What is the contribution of 「とか」 to the meaning of the sentence? And what is the meaning of construction 「違ってくる」? 漢字は一緒でも読み方とかが全然違ってくるの本当、凄いですよね。
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1answer
104 views

What does あなたでは mean in this sentence?

I was studying the grammar for かもしれない and I found the following example: あなたでは間に合わないかもしれない。 The translation given for this sentence is... "You might not get there in time." And then I got ...
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0answers
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Meaning of 果たせることが出来たなら

I'm looking for some assistance in understanding the second line in the below as I am not quite sure what 果たせる is referring to (I know what 果たす means in e.g. 目的を果たす). I am not sure if there is ...
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1answer
168 views

Meaning of によって/により

I’ve come across this phrase によって/により quite often and I’ve researched and found these meanings: by Person (この本は君によって書かれた?); due to/ because of; by means of (The teacher checked their knowledge by the ...
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1answer
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のりまきみたいにくるまればふかふかふとんになるんだもん。

In a Japanese children's book I read: のりまきみたいに くるまれば ふかふか ふとんに なるんだもん。 For the sake of analysis, I looked up the kanjis (correct me if they're wrong): 海苔巻きみたいに包まればふかふか布団になるんだもん。 From the context, ...
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Does ~そう modify both verbs in a double-verb construction?

I heard the phrase: その男の子が車にひかれて死にそうだった。   When I head the V1てV2, I assumed that Verb 1 (ひかれて)had actually happened and that Verb 2 (死にそう) was a consequence. But someone pointed out to me that ...
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1answer
115 views

Why to use 思っていました instead of 思いました?

I found this sentence in this link: http://watanoc.com/post-1608-gozira So there's a part where it says:アメリカの映画だと思っていました but why to use the て-form instead of the ます-form? The meaning wouldn't be the ...
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3answers
189 views

A little help with a sentence and also the meaning of だと

I'm having a small problem with the second line said by a character. (context: the two main protagonists came to look for someone, they reach this person's house, but is not there. The protagonists, ...
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1answer
697 views

How to parse 中国人で日本語が話せる方は、お電話ください。

I have a difficulty to parse the following sentence. 中国人で日本語が話せる方は、お電話ください。 I just understood the following partial phrases. 中国人で means "with Chinese" 日本語が話せる方 means "person who can speak ...
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What does [で] mean in [前は花屋で]…?

隣にパン屋があります。前は花屋で、花屋の隣は魚屋です。 Is it simply used as a connector? Is it simply used to avoid making 2 sentences e.g."前は花屋です。花屋の隣は魚屋です。"? I previously thought this was only done for Na adjectives to ...
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2answers
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What is the function of the と particle in this sentence?

The text on which I found the following sentence is here: http://watanoc.com/post-1608-gozira So... There's a part where it says: 『すごく面白い』とネットで評判です So my question is what does the と particle do in ...
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1answer
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How to say: I want to be good at what I choose to do [closed]

How to say: I want to be good at what I choose to do? I know some of the individual words/expressions needed for the sentence: 1)want to be good at: 得意になりたい or 上手になりたい 2)choose to do something: ...
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1answer
229 views

Are both of these correct sentences: 「ここに住所を書いてくださいますか?」「ここに住所を書いてくださいませんか?」?

I believe 「ここに住所を書いてくださいますか?」 means “Could you please write the address here?” And 「ここに住所を書いてくださいませんか?」 means “Would you please write the address here?” An exercise I’m doing shows the second ...
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1answer
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…だと思う and …と思う

When is ...だと思う and when ...と思う used? Do I understand correctly that the former is used after a noun and na-adjactive only, and the later after a verb and i-adjective?
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2answers
203 views

how can I say ''I post about Japanese history, mythology and culture'' properly?

I have been learning Japanese for almost a year. However, I still have some hardship on writing something in Japanese... Would it be okay If I put it like this: 日本の歴史{れきし}、文化{ぶんか}と神話{しんわ}について投稿{...
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1answer
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“I have become sleepy, because I did not sleep much last night”textbook wrong translation?

"I have become sleepy, because I did not sleep much last night" What in the textbook: きのうの夜あまり寝なかったから、眠くなりました。 What I think is right: きのうの夜あまり寝なかったから、眠くなります。
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Why to use the て-form in questions? [duplicate]

Anybody around here knows why it is used the て-form in 覚えてないのかい instead of 覚えないのかい in the next sentence? 僕はさっきもう君にすっかり話したじゃないか。 それとも、覚えてないのかい? I've already seen this before in other question ...
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1answer
93 views

ます Verb Stem + another verb grammar meaning?

I was practicing writing and got corrected by a few native speakers. They all had a correction in common where they took the ます Verb Stem and then just added a different verb on the back. What ...
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1answer
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Is aniki more “rude” than niisan?

Older brother in Japanese is "Niisan" or "Oniisan", but in your family it is used as "Ani". I have also heard that "Aniki" can be referred as brother, but is more rude. I do not understand in what way ...
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1answer
119 views

Are Japanese stories usually written in past tense or present tense?

This is a question that I have been pondering for a while. As anyone who has read stories written in English can tell you, most stories are written in past tense. Why? Well, the main reason is that ...
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1answer
269 views

Usage of よう without に particle

みなさん、こんにちは! So, I am a beginner. I have just started reading my first manga in Japanese, 鬼滅の刃, and I've encountered a sentence which I don't really understand the grammar for. Here it is: 丸腰{まるごし}​...
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1answer
107 views

Question about ね particle

I've been doing some JLPT5 grammar practice , and I came across the following dialogue fragment: A:『勉強はどうですか』B:『そうですね。』. The reason I'm confused is I thought 『ね』 was employed as a way to seek ...
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2answers
476 views

What is the grammar behind もなければ、なければ?

Lately, I'm reading Japanese light novels. For the following sentence, I can't get the meaning behind it. 解放感もなければ、次の職を探さなければという焦りもなかった。何を思えばよいのかが、よくわからなかった。 The character said that after leaving ...
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1answer
61 views

っといても after a verb

What does っといても mean after a verb, I've seen it several times. I'm guessing it's a slang form or a shortened form? I know that ても means "even if" (roughly), and I've seen って a lot so wasn't sure if it'...
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1answer
128 views

What does 本当たりえる mean

I am playing the eroge Tsui no Sora and have come across a passage containing this word: 当たり前だがノストラダムスの大予言なんて出来の悪い妄想だ。 まともに考えれば小学生にすらわかる事。 だがそんな事は重要じゃない。 [Nostradamus' prophecy is an ...
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1answer
85 views

「命令形 + と助詞」どんな意味?

アナと雪の女王2の「Into the Unknown・心のままに」の歌詞を翻訳していますが、次の文型が分かりません。分からない部分は この 🔴の間に... 1) 聞こえてる、でも無駄よ。目を覚ませ、🔴起きろと🔴 2) 未知の旅へ🔴踏み出せと🔴 「起きる」と「踏み出す」の意味は分かりますが、この「起きろ+と / 踏み出せ+と」という文型のニュアンスが理解できません。 皆さん、...
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Likely Sentences (Nuance in use of 〜てもらう vs Passive form)

Our professor gave us some problems where you are suppose to circle which statement the person is more likely to say. Below is an example. おまわりさん よく道を聞かれます。 よく道を聞いてもらいます。 I think this means ...
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1answer
120 views

Describing an adjective with “should”

I've noticed that some nouns can be described with すべき, as in 彼女{かのじょ}はもっと注意{ちゅうい}すべきだった。 (She should have been more careful.) I understand it as 彼女{かのじょ}はもっと注意{ちゅうい}するだった。 (She has been more ...
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2answers
270 views

I need help understanding the grammar in this sentence: 自分で言うのもなんだけど

I am still in the beginning stages of learning Japanese grammar and while I understand the meaning of the kanji I don't understand what のも means in the context of this sentence. 自分で言うのも なんだ けど
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1answer
77 views

Meaning of 迎えにやってくる

小さかった頃、ハリーは誰か見知らぬ親戚が自分を迎えにやってくることを何度も何度も夢見た。 When he was little Harry dreamed over and over of unknown relatives greeting him. Obviously the 'greeting him' part is wrong. I'm not sure I fully ...
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1answer
121 views

Difference between いたします and させていただきます

When writing in humble 謙譲語{けんじょうご} language, I see いたします and させていただきます. What is the difference between these two forms? For example both mean "I will contact you" in humble language, what is the ...
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0answers
187 views

Is a particle required after 何か?

I noticed that particles are sometimes omitted after 何か. Is there a grammatical rule that dictates omission of a particle after 何か or this is just a conversational contraction? E.g., are the following ...
5
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1answer
186 views

i-adjective modifying ある (eg 強くありたい)

So I know that when an i-adjective like 速い becomes an adverb to modify a verb you have to change the い to く, like 速く走る (to run quickly). I'm having trouble understanding the grammar in 強くありたい. I ...
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this 強くあるために meaning [duplicate]

I found 強くあるために in this song http://www.kasi-time.com/item-21360.html and http://j-lyric.net/artist/a00968f/l00381a.html I'm a bit sure that it means "to be strong" Is 強くある same with 強くなる ?
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2answers
923 views

what does this のって mean?

For context, Person A admires the new bag of person B. Person B bought it on the internet. here is Persons A's response: えっ、インターネットで買い物するのって危なくないですか。 I don't know what this のって is supposed to mean....