Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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2
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2answers
186 views

How to understand 委ねる in this line

I'm failing to understand what it means for the 戦い to 委ねる in the below sentence. Is there anyone who could clarify what it means in this case? この戦いは国の勝ち負けだけじゃなく一人一人がどちらを選ぶのか委ねている Additional ...
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1answer
125 views

Can だ/だった be omitted before conjunctive が?

On the results of measuring the amount of plastic found in a sample of 31 fish: その結果、9匹の体の中から大きさが5mm以下のプラスチックが平均で1.1個見つかりました。 The result (was that) from 9 fish the size was at least 5mm of ...
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1answer
139 views

grammar of この前の誕生日プレゼントにもらった彼女の絵

彼女は小学3年生の時に日本に引っ越してきて、それがたまたま私達のクラスだった。 私達と出会うまで楽器の経験がなかったのが、信じられないほどヴィオラを巧みに操っている。 しかも、父が有名な画家で絵をたしなむ。 この前の誕生日プレゼントにもらった彼女の絵は、とても素晴らしくて宝物になった。 i'm not sure if ...彼女の絵 is saying "her ...
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14 views

Multiple verbs in one sentence using ことがある

I'm studying for an upcoming exam, and in our study guide for the essay section there is a prompt to write about "I have the experience of ....ing, .....ing, and so forth." We're supposed to use ことがある,...
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2answers
265 views

Transforming (conjugating) verbs

So I am studying from an online site called Memrise but they seem to teach pretty straightforward stuff that you have to memorize in order to do them. Yeah I can ask and say things but I can notice ...
4
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1answer
705 views

What does ~ながらにして mean?

Can someone please explain the bold grammar? せんてんてき 【先天的】 《ダナ》生まれながらにして持っていること
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2answers
44 views

Te form for consecutive verbs

I came across with this term "使われ始めて". It was translated as "Started to use". My question is why the first verb is not in TE form, ie. 使われて始めて ? Thanks a lot.
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1answer
46 views

Is the yasumi in oyasuminasai the same as yasumi (day off / break)?

I have known oyasuminasai (good night) for around a year now. Today I learned the word yasumi (break / day off). It instantly rang a bell and then oyasuminasai sprung to mind. Is there a connection ...
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2answers
125 views

強がる usage and meaning

~がる is used to describe third person's feeling but today I found this word "強がる私" I don't know why 強がる is used with first person like 私. Is it because the speaker speaks in other point of view ?
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Using について with しつもんする

In my japanese textbook, for the word しつもんする it has the note "(s.t.について)" where s.t. means something. I tried creating a sentence based off of this note and I want to know if it makes sense: ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the meaning of “ので” and “会う” here?

"正月に大ぜいの客が来るので, 会うのが面倒だと思う人もある" The translation is: "Some people do not want to have to take care of the large number of visitors who shows up during the New Year" Why is "ので" used here? I would ...
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1answer
251 views

Question about それに following a verb in dictionary form

So for context, 会長 doesn't like the speaker and the speaker just said something to make 会長 think even less of him. Could someone give an explanation on why それに is directly following a verb and what ...
3
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1answer
493 views

Different ways to express 'if A happens'

What is the difference between soshite, suruto and sorede? I am unable to distinguish the used-cases - they all seem to indicate 'If A happens then ....' jibun no koto o otona da to omoimasu ka? ........
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3answers
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といいんです and といいんですけど

What exactly is the difference between these two phrases. How does けど/が affect the meaning and how does it relate to its meaning of 'but'?
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2answers
327 views

Towards a better understanding of など

Three sentences from the same news article on NHK 'Easy News': 子どもたちは幼稚園の中にいたため、けがなどはありませんでした。 Becuase the children were in the nursery they weren't injured or anything しかし、門の近くには、...
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1answer
205 views

Figuring out what 「言わないまでも」means in this sentence

「犯人とはいわないまでも何があったのか尋問できるのはお姉ちゃんだけだ!」 Does this pattern have the same meaning as the one explained here: とまではいかないまでも meaning? I think it is different from the explanation linkend above. The linked ...
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2answers
327 views

What is 殺虫剤たいたら?

I have problem understanding the following sentence from the lower right panel: そう思{おも}ってあわてて殺虫剤{さっちゅうざい}たいたら私{わたし}がいられなくなって 殺虫剤 is pesticide, but I don't know how to parse たいたら. My bad guess is ...
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77 views

Why is に used in these sentences?

Does the particle に indicate direction in these sentences or why is it used here? Would someone be so kind to explain? わたしはかみにえがく。 I draw on paper. せんせいにしつもんをしている。 I ask the teacher a ...
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1answer
178 views

Question about ほど in this sentence

I wasn't able to find any explanation of 「ほど」 in these constructions... 「そんなテメーに盾突かれるほど頭に来る事はない」 In any case I would like to ask whether I am getting the general meaning right. Besides that I ...
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Difference between conjunctive forms: ~ます stem and ~て form

What's the difference between: 朝起きたら、まず顔を洗い、コーヒーを飲み、新聞を読みます。(ます-form) and 朝起きたら、まず顔を洗って、コーヒーを飲んで、新聞を読みます。(て-form) Both have the same meaning, but can I use this conjunctive ます stem with a ...
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1answer
138 views

Trouble understanding one specific lyric in a song

I was trying to translate the lyrics of a kids' song for my sister who sent it to me, but I have trouble understanding one part of the lyrics: 「課長 すてきです その一言 ピュアなまでに鈍感」 「社長 すばらしい そのアイディア ...
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1answer
372 views

Differences between Wa Nai and Ga Nai?

I first learnt Ga as always attached to Arimasen so still trying to grasp the nuances when changed to a Wa. From my understanding of Wa vs Ga differences, it's just simply a matter of topic vs ...
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44 views

Could anyone translate this sentence for me [closed]

彼氏が仕事で大変な時にできること Could anyone translate this sentence for me please
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78 views

What is the meaning of おちょくっとる? [duplicate]

This sentence here: "なっ… お前おちょくっとるのか!? I didn't understand おちょくっとる, is it a form of the verb おちょくる? What is the meaning in this sentence? Thanks.
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1answer
332 views

comparison between のですから and んだから

Recently I read though the article addressing the question (んだから vs んだ) where it explains the usage of のだから as: 1)話し手も聞き手も知っている事柄に用いられ、「聞き手(あなた)も知ってはいるが、その認識が十分でない」ことを知らせようとする話し手の強い気持ちが入る。 2)...
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1answer
168 views

Sentence ending でな

レモン・キャンディーじゃよ。マグルの食べる甘いものじゃが、わしゃ、これが好きでな。 A lemon sweet. It's a sweet thing that muggles eat. I like this ??? I understand the concept of role language for portraying different kinds of character. ...
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1answer
90 views

A little help with the usage of 「……わけだよ」

I came across the following sentence in my dictionary : 下手なわけだよ,習い始めたばかりなんだから Because of the absence of context, I imagined one by myself. Suppose I ‘m cooking unskillfully and a friend who sees ...
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1answer
114 views

How to describe a strong smell of smoke

I'm writing a letter to my friend, and want to same something like: "While writing this letter, the air is grey and smells strongly of smoke" (discussing forest fires near my town). I'm stuck on ...
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1answer
64 views

Construction behind 「やり」in this sentence

「それはわしがやりおまえが追いつめられたのでわしの攻撃と同じ事!」 I am having trouble with the「やり」in this sentence. I believe that it is a verb and possibly takes the same tense as 「追いつめられた」(similar to verbs linked via the "て-form"...
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1answer
268 views

Could anyone explain this 置く置かない to me please

I found the sentence けんかして嫁が出ていきました。 けんかの原因は、家に下宿人を置く置かないの件です And I have a doubt about using of 置く置かない How should it be translated ? and How to use it I have never seen this grammar using ...
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1answer
116 views

What does …て…て mean?

I have the following sentence. その白い比いない裸体は、薄暮の背景の前に置かれて輝やいていた 。 I understand the use of ~て in ~ている, but I'm confused by two consecutive verbs using ~て as in 置かれて輝やいていた. Should I understand them ...
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1answer
120 views

Meaning of だとでもいうかの

I found this sentence, in which I'm not quite sure about the だとでもいうかの part: ところがどういうわけか神町駅前には客待ちのタクシーが一台も停まっていなかった。その代わりだとでもいうかのごとく、駅前広場には何台もの自転車が置かれてあって(そこは駐輪場なのだから当たり前のことなのだが!)、...
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0answers
150 views

What is the point of 一名 in this sentence?

(Taken from ジョジョ6部) 「女性受刑者が一名頭部を砕かれ変死をとげたというのに…」 I don't really get the point behind 「一名」in this sentence. My guess is that the sentence (badly) translates to something like: "And although one/a ...
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2answers
168 views

What is the difference between ばよかったです and べき?

What is the difference between ばよかったです and べき? あのバスに乗ればよかったです。 I should have taken that bus. あのバスに乗るべきだった。 I should have taken that bus. このバスに乗れるはずじゃなかった。 I wasn’t supposed to get ...
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3answers
147 views

A little help with a sentence and also the meaning of だと

I'm having a small problem with the second line said by a character. (context: the two main protagonists came to look for someone, they reach this person's house, but is not there. The protagonists, ...
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0answers
74 views

Question concerning 〜やがる / Imperative in “Slang” [duplicate]

I've come across these expressions in all sorts of anime, manga and light novels and now I am wondering behind the "mechanics" of it... 「勝手に言ってろ」「ほざいてろ」「食らいやがれ」 In these cases the imperative is ...
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1answer
2k views

How to list numbers of things

Where do you place the counter in Japanese when you want to specify how many of something there are, especially if you're listing multiple things? I believe the counter usually goes after the ...
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1answer
160 views

How can this sentence be understood?

I'm reading 仮面の告白 by Mishima Yukio, and I came across this sentence: そのほか に縄目は見えず、青年の裸体を覆うものとては、腰のまわりにゆるやか に巻きつけられた 白い粗布があるばかりだった。 I would like to understand how is this sentence made by the ...
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1answer
131 views

Joint etymology of -san/-chan? [duplicate]

Just a "shower thought" I've had: is there any credence to the theory (mine) that ちゃん is a diminutive/"baby talk" form of さん (like when "ureshii desu" becomes "urechii dechu")?
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2answers
2k views

Meaning of じゃないんじゃない?

I recently came across the phrase じゃないんじゃない in this sentence: Clerk: 「でも うちで売{う}ってるアイスじゃないんじゃないかしら。」 For context, some kids are claiming they have a winning popsicle stick but the clerk can't seem ...
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3answers
223 views

発する, 罰する, 反する, etc. taking strange conjugation せられる for the passive form

I am sure this has been asked before, but due to this form's similarity to the causative-passive (e.g. 行かせられる), I simply cannot find anything except for some thick Japanese explanations complete with ...
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1answer
92 views

What does 普段からmean in this sentence?

中山さんは普段からよく運動するようにしています。 I think it means Mr. Nakayama tries to do exercise regularly But I'm confused about what 普段からactually means and how it differs from 普段and 普通
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1answer
199 views

Function of から in this conversation

A girl forgot to do her homework and mum catches her out of bed: 「まる子っ、もう寝なさい」 Maruko, go to bed now! 「うん、もうすぐ寝るから」 Yes, I'll go to bed very soon (because) I don't understand the function of ...
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2answers
685 views

In Okinawan, what is the ン in ウチナーンチュ?

The Okinawan word for "Okinawa" is ウチナー, for "person" is チュ, and for "Okinawan" (person) is ウチナーンチュ. I'd like to know where this ン comes from between the part for "Okinawa" and the part for "person". ...
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1answer
463 views

Meaning of 誰もいはしない in this sentence

「どうせ誰もいはしないと高をくくっていたところもある。」 This one's throwing me for a bit of a loop. The translation says "He also didn't really take the possibility of anyone being there seriously." It makes sense to me ...
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1answer
131 views

Omitting the particle? 「時の経つのも忘れさせる」

明快な口調とテンポの良い楽しい授業が時の経つのも忘れさせる。 When I searched the Internet I found the phrase 時の経つのを忘れさせる. So, what is the reason for replacing the particle を with も?
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1answer
102 views

Meaning of いやしません [duplicate]

あんなにコチコチな座り方をする猫なんていやしませんぞ。 A cat that sits so rigidly ??? I can't figure out what this いやしません is. Since the negative form of いやす seems like a ridiculous proposition in the context I can only ...
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1answer
59 views

とまで parsing and usage

In no game no life, this is one of the first things that is said about "blank", and it is supposed to translate to: "Among gamers, they're said to be unbeatable. 勝{か}つことは不可能{ふかのう}とまで言われるゲーマーの話を‌ (...
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2answers
81 views

A question about ~はしない

I do understand what it means, but I want to know if it's mostly used from 1st person perspective because in many examples that's how it translated. "I will never/There is no way I..."<-That is how ...
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1answer
65 views

What does 'し' mean in these scenarios

The sentence in question is: 何しに原宿に来ましたか I understand what the sentence generally means, but I am unclear what し means in the sentence above. Is the し just a conjugation of する, and if so, when ...