Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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2 answers
219 views

Understanding the usage of ならまだしも

アメリカならまだしも失踪した未成年に大麻の検査まではしないだろう Upon some googling, the grammar seems to used for something akin to Pattern 1) Noun[A] + ならまだしも + [B] [A] is the preferred option over [B]. However I'm struggling to ...
3 votes
4 answers
512 views

the に行きます construction and particles

I know the (place)へ(noun)を(verb)に行きます construction, but I also know that in some instances the particle に can indicate the place where we're going. Is it possible to use に instead of へ in this ...
3 votes
1 answer
148 views

Can you use は twice in a sentence? [duplicate]

Can you say 'アンナさんの性格は明るくなくて、少しつめたいので、新しい友達ができるのは難しいです。’ or does it sound a little awkward? Can you use は twice here in a sentence? What I'm trying to say here is that because Anna does not have a ...
2 votes
2 answers
121 views

「ようとしている」vs.「そうになっている」についての質問です

「〜ようとする」は無意志動詞と一緒に使うと「もうすぐ〜になる(状態)」という意味になりますね。 太陽が沈もうとしている この例文の「ようとしている」を「そうになっている」に置き換えると、語感はどうなるでしょう? 太陽が沈みそうになっている 「ようとしている」と「そうになっている」 のニュアンスの違いを教えてください。
4 votes
1 answer
152 views

Use of なる without an indirect object (marked by に)

One of a list of facts Harry Potter learns about Quidditch from a book: ...シーカーは普通一番小さくて速い選手がなり、大きな事故といえばシーカーに起きやすいこと、... He learnt that ... the Seeker is normally the smallest and fastest player, ...
0 votes
0 answers
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Topic particle for the location of existence [duplicate]

I read it on a grammar website that the following sentence: あかりはカバンに本があります。 can be translated like this: Akari has a book in her bag. And I was wondering if it was possible to include the word &...
1 vote
1 answer
66 views

struggling to understand a sentence with であろうとしていない

I was watching 弱キャラ友崎くん 2nd STAGE episode two with Japanese subs and I could not understand this after all of my searching. This is because I need to learn more about grammar and given time, studying ...
1 vote
1 answer
117 views

「としては」と「にしては」の違い&交換する可能?

彼女は、女性としては力が強い 上の文には「としては」を「にしては」にチェンジする可能がありますか? なかなか難しいですが、ご解説いただけますでしょうか。
4 votes
2 answers
743 views

"私の彼女はチリ人で、 学生ビザを使って日本に来ています。" - Why is this "she CAME to Japan" and not "is coming..."?

This is only my second question here. My level is somewhere in the N5 region. My question is this: 私の彼女はチリ人で、 学生ビザを使って日本に来ています。 Both Deepl and the Japanese guy whose podcast this is taken from ...
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0 answers
92 views

How can the mentioned sentence can be shortened

文が長くて、短くする可能がありますでしょうか?(文法とか使って) data source A, B, C あります. 以下を日本語で説明したいです。 "Application should get data from source A, but if source C has data available, then it reads data from Source C, and ...
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

Do I have a good grasp on the basics of what the continuative form is?

I'm doing some research as to what continuative forms are due to naruto's previous answer to an earlier question of mine. To make sure I understand correctly: roughly, the "continuative form"...
21 votes
2 answers
8k views

I am struggling with the sometimes conflicting uses of 先

Rikaisama's definition of 先 includes meanings like previous; prior; former; some time ago. However it also includes meanings such as front; ahead; the future; destination. I am struggling to make ...
1 vote
2 answers
406 views

Confusing use of はじめる and how to "start being something"

In the anime 神様はじめました the first line of the opening song is 「女の子はじめました」 and -- like the title of the anime -- the last line is 「神様、はじめました」. I've seen translations like "I've started being a girl/...
0 votes
1 answer
101 views

Difference between 何かと、何くれ and 何かにつけて

According to Jisho, the expressions 何かと, 何くれ and 何かにつけて all mean "in various ways". However, I tried to search the difference in usage between them, but I couldn't find anything insightful. ...
0 votes
1 answer
276 views

Use of も particle when stating what someone said

I believe the following sentence... メアリーさんも来ると言っていましたから。 ...translates as "Because Mary said that she would come." Can you tell me what the function of the も particle is in this instance? I'm ...
1 vote
1 answer
152 views

Explaining different flavors of じゃない

For a long time, I have trouble telling apart whether sentences ending with じゃない are affirmative or negative, especially when it is combined with particles の and か. From the top of my head, here are ...
4 votes
1 answer
158 views

Difference between して and させて [duplicate]

I know the basic difference between して and させて。 however in the following examples, I am getting a little confused. アプリを起動して。 アプリを起動させて。 車を発進して。 車を発進させて。 How exactly are they different?
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1 answer
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How do you breakdown ただけなので in 打ち上げただけなので

Does the 打ち上げただけなので breakdown into this: ただけなので=ただ+だけだ+なので?
1 vote
1 answer
299 views

Meaning and usage of 何かかにか

According to Jisho, 何かかにか means "this and that; something or other; one thing or another​". However, when trying to find example sentences so that I can grasp better the usage of this ...
1 vote
1 answer
196 views

How does the negative work in this sentence: 家は綺麗じゃないではありません。

I tried to use several language translation websites and they all gave me different results. Some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means 'the house is not clean', but some say "家は綺麗じゃないではありません” means ...
0 votes
3 answers
108 views

Difference between ながら and 一方で

What is the difference between ながら and 一方で? Example: 彼はアルバイトをしながら大学へ行きます。 and 彼はアルバイトをする一方で大学へ行きます。
1 vote
1 answer
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Origin of よろしく's other meanings

The other meanings I'm referring to are from noun + よろしく (as if) and よろしく ... べし (by all means). I wonder why it also lacks some meanings from よく, as よろしい is the respectful form of よい, I think. I ...
0 votes
2 answers
162 views

ています form or past tense?

I recently came across a sentence that said 「友達はよく、寝たふりをしています」which translates to "My friend often acts like he’s sleeping." My question is, why was past tense of 寝る used here? Shouldn’t it ...
2 votes
2 answers
155 views

Difference between このような and こんな

What is the difference between このような and こんな? How is their usage and different? How semantically are they different?
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the difference between 「だと」 and 「であること・なの」

I was looking at example sentences for 「気づく」 to determine which particle it uses and I found that it takes 「に」. For example: 「彼はそれに間もなく気づくだろう」. However, I also found these sentences: 「私は彼が有名人だと気づく」 ...
2 votes
1 answer
307 views

Relating parts of sentences

エリナ:窓の外に見えるの皆シットル?   Erina: Couldn't the rest of people look out of the window? タダシ:そうだろう たぶん Tadashi: Yeah, maybe. CONTEXT: After taking a flight and stopped in a station Tadashi is looking at a ...
1 vote
1 answer
118 views

Difference between だろうか and のだろうか?

I've been trying to figure out the difference between だろうか and のだろうか through context in my reading, but it's proving harder than I thought. Here's a passage with both. What is the difference, and why ...
0 votes
2 answers
672 views

passive in noun modifier

I understand the use and structure of a noun modifier using standard masu plain past form, eg たなかさんが かったすしは、... etc. etc. The sushi that Tanaka bought... etc. Now it's noun modifier with subject ga, ...
3 votes
2 answers
310 views

Can this sentence be interpreted in more than one way?

I read a sentence 彼女はわかっていた。あるいは、わかっていると思っていた。 It was translated as "She knew, or she thought she knew/knows." Prior to seeing this translation, in my head, I interpreted it as "I knew her, or ...
5 votes
2 answers
304 views

Why do you put 名詞 plus の before ようだ, but you put 名詞 plus な before わけだ?

I looked up the dictionary, and found "よう" and "わけ" are both grammatical nouns (形式体言). But why is the 接続 different? Moreover, I found many sentence patterns have their own rules. ...
1 vote
1 answer
167 views

Which particle to use for potentials

So i notice は、が、を are used in this case. For example: 英語が話せます 英語を話せます 英語は話せます *I know my example might be wrong but im a beginner and absolutely clueless on this subject * So how do we decide which ...
1 vote
2 answers
192 views

The use of の and がある when talking about health

Why do we say 高血圧の人 but 肺の病気がある人? 高血圧がある人 would be unnatural, would it? If we are to use がある for people with a particular disease (which high blood pressure is not), why are AIDSの人 and 糖尿病の人 ok but ...
2 votes
1 answer
175 views

A question about 受け身 in 連体形

I saw this paragraph in news 19日、殺人未遂の疑いで逮捕された、仙台市内に住む 大学生 佐々木楓容疑者24歳。刺した相手は、44歳年上の交際相手の男性でした I know 刺した相手 refers to the person who was stabbed. But I don’t know why the sentence uses 刺した instead of ...
1 vote
1 answer
463 views

Ways other than て-form and たり~たり~ to connect several sentences and ideas together

I was wondering if someone can give me some examples because I don't remember quite well from my Japanese classes (because we rarely used this following way), how to connect more sentences? Until now ...
2 votes
1 answer
229 views

What does のでしょうか do here?

An assistant is talking about how they are reminded of their time being Margret's assistant when they come back to her old room. I can't figure out how to parse のでしょうか. It doesn't seem like they are ...
0 votes
2 answers
789 views

Do stative (as opposed to eventive) predicates have an object which is marked by が?

Do stative (as opposed to eventive) predicates have an object which is marked by が? I'm just curious to see what other people actually think, and to hear of any sources where this may be analysed ...
3 votes
1 answer
470 views

What does 「ような 」mean in the following sentence?

What is the difference between 以下の条件を満たすような日本語スピーカーを探しています and 以下の条件を満たす日本語スピーカーを探しています ?
0 votes
2 answers
237 views

Usage of がった behind the past tense: くすぐったがった。

I know that it's possible to use がる in combination with い-adjectives, but what does it mean after the past tense of another verb? Full sentence: 彼は彼女が泣くまでくすぐったがった。 Update: Actually I just typed &...
2 votes
1 answer
138 views

使役形の助詞は「に」か「を」か

教科書から学んだ動詞の使役形は、命令者は使役動詞の主語で「が」で表し、実際の動作者は助詞「に」で表す。例えば、僕が友達へ「ご飯を食べて」と言うと、僕が友達にご飯を食べさせる。「を」で表す部分は動作の実際の対象でありそうです。 なのに、気付いたのは、「に」の代わりに「を」で実際の動作者を表す場合もあります。例えば、back numberさんの歌詞の一句:「冬がそっと雪を降らせて」。ここ、「...
2 votes
1 answer
167 views

What does "好きなだけ" mean here?

Is な used to connect 好き and だけ. Does it mean that she only likes reading books? わたしは本を読むのが好きなだけの極々虚弱な女の子だ。
7 votes
2 answers
198 views

The construct of いつの間にか

In Japanese, we can add か to question words to make it mean "some-xxx." Example: 何 what 何か something 誰 who 誰か somebody 何人 how many people 何人か some amount of people (何人かの友達きた some friends ...
6 votes
3 answers
805 views

What's the nuance of ...ましょう to express intent?

十万円あげましょう。 I'll give you 100,000 yen. 手伝いましょう。 I'll help you. I've seen sentences of intent like this, but I don't understand the nuance of the speaker using ...ましょう instead of structures like 「...
0 votes
1 answer
139 views

Is is appropriate to put this on a shirt [closed]

Is is appropriate to put this on a shirt: 自分を信じて
2 votes
2 answers
104 views

Noun as prefix/adjective without any particle after it?

I couldn't shake off this question for a while now. I've seen some example sentences from WordNet for 標準 such as: 標準手続き。 非標準テキスト。 標準室温でワインを出す。 All these sentences effectively present 標準 as an ...
1 vote
2 answers
174 views

Understanding ほどに vs. ほど

Context: Speaker is devising means to butter up/get closer to employer who requests them to find certain items on a mission and thus pass a test. 「この距離を限りなくゼロにする。 相手が気を許し秘密の共有をも求めて来るほどに 必ず探し出す」 "...
5 votes
2 answers
603 views

usage of the second “て” in this sentence

“よく晴れててキャンプ日和だよ”. I am confused about the second "て” here.
1 vote
1 answer
100 views

How to use 〜込みです as a grammar

I am currently studying how to use 〜込み but it's been really hard to find any resources. So far I have made some notes based on my observation of how 〜込み is usually used, but I am not really sure if I ...
0 votes
1 answer
97 views

How is this sentence translated?

I came across a post on X (twitter) today and in this post the person was talking about meeting their fave Sugai Yuuka: 「菅井友香さんのファンミーティング当たった!!!!!忙しいけど生きる意味になった人に会えるの嬉しすぎる」 What does 「生きる意味になった人」mean ...
1 vote
1 answer
212 views

Does というのも used as "because" always require a から or んだ at the end?

Found this sentence from social media, and put it through DeepL: ほぼ毎朝5時に起きます。朝に強い。というのも、小学校5年生から新聞配達をしていました。 I get up almost every morning at 5am. I am strong in the morning. This is because I have ...
0 votes
1 answer
77 views

生まれ育った町: how to break down?

Consider the following sentence: 生まれ育った町を離れてすでに20年の年月が過ぎた。 I don’t grammatically understand the first part: 生まれ育った町. Semantically fine, just grammatically. 生まれ育った is modifying 町. I don’t see which is ...

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