Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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What is the difference between 「だと」 and 「であること・なの」

I was looking at example sentences for 「気づく」 to determine which particle it uses and I found that it takes 「に」. For example: 「彼はそれに間もなく気づくだろう」. However, I also found these sentences: 「私は彼が有名人だと気づく」 ...
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Confused by the meaning of this sentence + combination of "....とはまた違う" [MC is comparing his maid with his secretary]

Context : MC is comparing his maid with A (his secretary). She's the chief maid in his family, and used to be his nanny + personal tutor since he was still a little kid. And I'm confused by this ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Relating parts of sentences

エリナ:窓の外に見えるの皆シットル?   Erina: Couldn't the rest of people look out of the window? タダシ:そうだろう たぶん Tadashi: Yeah, maybe. CONTEXT: After taking a flight and stopped in a station Tadashi is looking at a ...
6 votes
2 answers
294 views

Is it ungrammatical to say Nがなく instead of Nなく when it means "without N"?

The phrase Nなく means "without N" and is used to modify verbs, as in: 彼は私を躊躇なく殴った。 He hit me without hesitation. In sentences like this, is it ungrammatical or unnatural to say Nがなく instead of ...
2 votes
1 answer
416 views

Meaning of ~だのと in this sentence

I encountered this sentence in a manga and can't quite parse it: 情だの何だのと乳繰り合ってるようなヤツらは踏み台にすればいい Context: a woman is jealous about her love interest getting close with another person (and meeting ...
3 votes
2 answers
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"だなんだと" meaning

聖夜【せいや】だなんだと繰【く】り返【かえ】す歌【うた】と (song lyric) (then it goes like: わざとらしくきらめく街【まち】のせいかな ) More specifically, I cannot decide which character belongs to where in "だなんだと". Is it the expression ...
1 vote
1 answer
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difference between な+はず and の+はず for nouns?

I have been seeing both のはず and なはず used here and there, apparently なはず is usually used for な adj and の for nouns, but I came across this sentence recently where they are both nouns, but 1 uses な and ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Meaning of ただでさえ

Context: the girls need to hide in a shop run by a man who always makes them buy something if they go in in normal times. もし、あの店に逃げ込んだら、ただでさえとぼしいまる子の財布への打撃はさけられない。 If they took refuge in that shop ...
0 votes
2 answers
545 views

passive in noun modifier

I understand the use and structure of a noun modifier using standard masu plain past form, eg たなかさんが かったすしは、... etc. etc. The sushi that Tanaka bought... etc. Now it's noun modifier with subject ga, ...
16 votes
2 answers
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Is 「でいい」 the same as 「でもいい」?

For example in the sentence: 書くだけでいいですか.
4 votes
1 answer
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Why do you put 名詞 plus の before ようだ, but you put 名詞 plus な before わけだ?

I looked up the dictionary, and found "よう" and "わけ" are both grammatical nouns (形式体言). But why is the 接続 different? Moreover, I found many sentence patterns have their own rules. ...
1 vote
2 answers
356 views

Is お needed before 誕生日おめでとう (Happy birthday)?

お誕生日おめでとう vs 誕生日おめでとう What's the difference? And is it needed?
1 vote
2 answers
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The use of の and がある when talking about health

Why do we say 高血圧の人 but 肺の病気がある人? 高血圧がある人 would be unnatural, would it? If we are to use がある for people with a particular disease (which high blood pressure is not), why are AIDSの人 and 糖尿病の人 ok but ...
0 votes
1 answer
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When should I use どうやら?

So I learn recently the word どうやら and the fact that it comes with らしい・みたい. Until now I have been using only らしい・みたい, so my question is why people are adding どうやら at the start? is it neccery?
2 votes
1 answer
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Grammar question about song lyrics

I'm learning a song from the pillows One Life, The first couple lines go: 青い芥子の花びらが 風もなく揺れてたら Aoi keshi no hanabira ga Kaze mo naku yurete tara If the blue poppy's petals sway without the wind... ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Is there a relation between these two usages of としては?

I saw this sentence in a textbook: 原則としては、返却しないといけないことになってるんですけど、 I'm assuming this usage corresponds to jisho's definition, as (for); for; in the capacity of​ They break it down a bit in some ...
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1 answer
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Clarifying on the use of と

I came over this sentence during my study. ちらっと見ると、彼女も寒さで震えている I understand the latter half of the sentence, in the sense that "the girl was shivering from the cold". However, I have no ...
2 votes
1 answer
260 views

届けるなってな meaning

I cannot understand the sentence from the grammar point. Could you please explain "届けるなってな" to me? Why do the Japanese attach なって after the "る" form. What does the particle "な&...
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1 answer
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針音ノ時計塔 or 時計塔ノ針音?

I am referring to the lyrics of this vocaloid song: Handbeat Clocktower I have the impression that the title (which also comes up in the lyrics) means "the handbeat of the clocktower" (or in ...
1 vote
1 answer
54 views

Can we replace the ものか with ことか? And why?

その中間、デスクの前に『休め』の姿勢で立つシンは眉一つ動かさない。独断専行の数々と軍規違反。必要だったからしたこととはいえ、詰問も懲罰もむしろ当然のことだ。  違反の内容からして拘束くらいはされるだろうと思っていたが、今のところ尋問程度で済んでいるのは、扱いを測りかねているものか。 86 ─ エイティシックス ─ Ep.2 ─ ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント ─〈上〉 安里アサト Is the ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Ways other than て-form and たり~たり~ to connect several sentences and ideas together

I was wondering if someone can give me some examples because I don't remember quite well from my Japanese classes (because we rarely used this following way), how to connect more sentences? Until now ...
1 vote
1 answer
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What does 何一つ mean in positive phrases?

In negative sentences it means "nothing", but what does it mean in positive ones? I found it in this sentence from a song(立ち入り禁止 by まふまふ) and I was wondering what it meant here. ...
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1 answer
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What can の必要から possibly mean?

From 付(き)合い(つきあい) つき‐あい〔‐あひ〕【付(き)合い】 の解説 1 人と交際すること。「彼とは長い―だ」 2 義理や社交上の必要から人と交わること。「―が悪い人」「―酒」 →交際[用法] Wouldn't で be better here? I think sounds better imo. (Please correct me if I'm wrong) And if the ...
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Can you help me understand these parts in these two sentences? [closed]

唯一の友達だった人も、「きしょい」といってくるようになりました。 After putting it in a translator I understand what the sentence means and the first part makes sense to me. It's the part I put in bold that I don't know how to break ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Meaning of 残す, 結びつく and ては

First, a bit of context: there is a knight who grew up with the princess, and they were very close; in the end they killed each other (which is said in the prelude, and then the story kinda goes back)....
2 votes
1 answer
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Understanding に in 砲撃に

稼働を止めたブレードを力任せに敵機に叩きつけ、半ばで折れ飛ぶのも気にせず次の敵機に向かう。至近距離で炸裂した近接信管の砲撃に砲弾片がコクピットに飛びこみ、サブスクリーンの一枚を叩き割るのに視線も揺らさぬ。ただ目の前の敵機だけに意識の全てを向けている、鋭利に凍りついた紅い瞳。 86 ─ エイティシックス ─ Ep.2 ─ ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント ─〈上〉 安里アサト Does the ...
1 vote
2 answers
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What does kimashita means in 寒くなってきました

寒くなってきました I learned the grammar "verb-te + ikimasu/kimasu" which means doing something and going back or the other. I searched up the grammar and it also means "becoming/start to"....
1 vote
1 answer
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What does 「そう」mean in this sentence? 「ねっ 私の手を引き剥がそうと しないでほしいです」

This line comes from episode two of Konosuba ねっ 私の手を引き剥がそうとしないでほしいです From my understanding of 「そう」, its a verb form for something might happen. For example, 「あの木、倒れそうだよ」would mean "That tree is ...
1 vote
1 answer
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How does potential form + ように differ to できるように

How does the structure (potential form + ように) meaning "in order to do something in the future" differ from できるように "have the ability to do something in the future"? For example: ...
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What does 香代は香代で (Kayo wa Kayo de) mean in this context ?[A husband is speaking about his wife's career, explains why she left him and their child] ] [duplicate]

when reading i met this sentence but not sure about this part ,much thanks if anyone can explain to me its meaning 「香代は香代で、考古学研究の第一人者ですから。そんな人間を、私と穂花で独り占めするのはもったいない」 My guess : "Because Kayo (his ...
2 votes
1 answer
53 views

What is the meaning of か in phrases such as ~ばかりか and ~のみか?

I'm studying N2 grammar and I was surprised by the meaning of ばかりか and のみか when I first came across them. E.g: あの人は、学校の成績がいいばかりかスポーツもできる。 I can see these か forms are the same as ばかりでなく and のみならず (...
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Who invented the te-form concept?

Today, this question came to my mind when I started cerebrating about what it actually is. My conclusion is that: Te-form is simply another name for the concept of 連用形+て(助詞) that native Japanese ...
1 vote
1 answer
127 views

Why isn't と necessary in the following list of items?

This is a Google Translation: English: We can talk in Chinese, English, or Spanish Japanese: 中国語、英語、スペイン語で話せます。 I eat wondering: Why isn't it necessary to add と after each list item?
5 votes
1 answer
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Specific use of してまで

Recently I've been reading Michael Emmerich's "New Penguin Parallel Text" for Japanese short stories. In Yoshimoto Banana's "A Little Darkness," there's a passage that describes ...
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Kimi ni negai wo? [closed]

I listened Miyavi's song and wondered why it's named like that. Please enlighten me, Thank you 🙏
2 votes
2 answers
225 views

Are there some cases where は and が are interchangable?

I understand that は and が can be very different in meaning & emotion, and some structures require one of them. However, are there some cases where I can use either of them but the sentence remains ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Why can't に対して be used in this sentence?

I'm currently using the 新完全マスター N2 Grammar book. One of the questions required completing the following sentence: 今回の選挙では、環境税 () 候補者たちの意見が対立している。 Two of the options were に対して and をめぐって, and をめぐって ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Understanding 変わってくる

作戦域に生き残りがいるか否かで、取れる戦術は変わってくる。力及ばず敗走したならせめて、その程度の情報だけでも援護に来た仲間に渡さなければ。 「もういない、我々が最後だ! 他の隊は、……みな、屑鉄どもにやられた」 『そうですか』  案じるでも悼むでもない、ごく平淡な、突き放した響きの声だった。  噂に聞く〝死神〟のパーソナルマークは、首の無い骸骨。   では──こいつがあの、エイティシックスの。 『...
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1 answer
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Understanding ということでもあって

同時に部隊全員の援護を担当するその役割は、部隊全員の状況に目を配っているということでもあって、面倒見のいいライデンにはうってつけの役目だ。ライデン自身は絶対に認めないが。 86─エイティシックス─Ep.2 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈上〉 安里アサト ライデン is a person’s name. Is the bold part roughly the same as ...
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1 answer
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Using 単一 in Place of ある

So I'm working through a text book and wondering why I can't make the sentence "山田さんは、私の単一の友達." According to my colleague, you can, however, say "山田さんは私のある友達だ." Is it really ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Can you add a "cause" to an intransitive verb with に

I was wondering if when you have the transitive statement 誰が窓を[開]{あ}けた? You can make an intransitive version like 窓は誰に[開]{あ}いた? I can't find any sources that tell if you can add the "actual&...
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

"What am I doing here?"/ Excuse yourself

Question 1 I was curious about the phrase "What am I doing here?" in Japanese. I know that if you want to ask someone "what is he/she doing here?", it should be like ここで何をしているんの? ...
-1 votes
0 answers
75 views

Do Japanese communicate differently than other people? [closed]

So, today I read some information about the Japanese language but I don't know the real source of it, it says that Japanese instead of saying "do you want to drink this lemon juice?" they ...
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0 answers
68 views

の甲斐もなく and を甲斐もなく [closed]

I know 甲斐もなく following a noun + の means "despite, even though"; I found several sources about this meaning, but in a book I found this sentence: 治療を甲斐もなく息を引き取る I didn't found を甲斐もなく on ...
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1 answer
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In regard to the structure of 余裕のある自分が嫌になります

Here is a sentence taken from a song written by 宇多田ヒカル 余裕のある自分が嫌になります It looks like I can conjure up 2 ways of dissecting the first part of it. 余裕の/ある -- 余裕/の/ある自分 -- this way ある seems to be ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Meaning of black dot punctuation and と in this sentence

安請け合いする男•友蔵と、裏切る可能性のあるヒロシ。 I'm struggling to piece together this sentence. I have 安請け合いする男 (a man who makes promises without enough thought) and 裏切る可能性のあるヒロシ (Hiroshi who has the potential to betray ...
2 votes
1 answer
74 views

Understanding ていたこともあり

マスコットの職分は極論すれば『部隊にいること』だけだが、フレデリカはシン達が特士校に在籍している時から一足先に試験部隊に配属されていたこともあり、研究開発班や部隊指揮官との連絡調整役を積極的にかってでている。 86─エイティシックス─Ep.2 ─ラン・スルー・ザ・バトルフロント─〈上〉 安里アサト A girl called フレデリカ is acting as a mascot in the ...
0 votes
1 answer
92 views

What does ことに mean when combined with 幸運 (good luck)?

I saw someone write 幸運はことに, how would you translate this to English?
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1 answer
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Help understanding the meaning: 「ごまかしたってちゃんと聞いたんだからな」

I've been trying to get the meaning of this sentence for a while and I just can't figure out the grammatical structures behind it. The sentence is: ごまかしたってちゃんと聞いたんだからな I found out that ごまかした the ...
1 vote
0 answers
72 views

What is the difference between が(suru-verb)できる and を(suru-verb)できる?

For example, what's the difference between the following sentences? ゲームで勝つことで、ポイントを獲得できる。 ゲームで勝つことで、ポイントが獲得できる。 Intuitively, I felt like the first sentence sounded better and example sentences seem ...

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