Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
3 views

Most natural way to use the negative with つもり

Which is more natural to say in Japanese? Do they have slightly different connotations? 食べないつもりです。 (I intend not to eat.) 食べるつもりはないです。(I do not intend to eat.) Also, are those translations fairly ...
6
votes
3answers
144 views

The real meaning of の when asking a question

It seems to be the season for asking questions about questions, and with every question and answer I read I get more confused. What is the difference between: 1) どこに行く 2) どこに行くの I'm assuming 1) ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Does ところを always mean the same thing as のに? What is the difference between ところへ and ところに?

One of my JLPT books, 総まとめ文法N2, uses the following examples to "explain" the grammar pattern ところだ: お忙{いそが}しいところをすみません。(=忙{いそが}しいのに) → I am sorry to bother you at this busy time. 会{あ}いたいと思{おも}...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

ところ+particle(助詞) precision

Hy, I am currently working on with 新完成マスター N3 for my grammar part and I get stuck on a small section of the lesson related to ところ(~p.17)。 So far, I understand that, according to this lesson, ところ can ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Correct translation of こともない in this sentence

Just before the quoted passage, the narrator says a whistling going "Don!" happens at the same time as he stumbles and ends up stooped. Then: もちろん、いくら昔の話でも発車のベルは「ドン!」などとは鳴らないし、発車のベルが人を突き飛ばすこともない。 ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Why is で used in this sentence 両方セットで差し上げます?

So I'm reading a manga and this girl is giving a guy two pieces of paper. She says "正直者ですね。両方セットで差し上げます。” I would think that a を particle would be used here since the set of papers is an object. "I ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

When to omit だ when answering questions?

Maybe this is a stupid question, but in Minna no Nihongo it says to omit だ when giving a positive answer to a question. Question: こんばんひま? Answer: うん、ひま。 But it is not explained if one can omit だ ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

How to say “When is the last bus to X”

I was just wondering how to properly ask when the last bus to somewhere is. Could you say (using Tokyo, for example) When is the last bus to Tokyo? 東京 に 終バス は 何時ですか Tōkyō ni shū basu wa nanji ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What does どうかと思う mean?

I can't seem to get a good grasp of it. I found a few example sentences and read on weblio that it means: to think (something) is improper; to question; to have a problem with. From the sentences I ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

もう + た-form AND た-form + こと が ある

What is the difference between these two sentences? 寿司をもう食べた 寿司を食べたことがある Both sentences mean "I've already eaten sushi", right? But what situation would I use もう食べた in? And when would I use ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Why is the る left off すぎる in this sentence?

Here is my sentence. おしろ あんたが頼みすぎなんだよ。 First, I'm not sure what おしろ means, perhaps somewhat could inform me since Jisho and google translate are both giving results that I don't think are correct....
5
votes
1answer
565 views

What is the meaning and grammatical construction of 人って?

I am trying to understand the grammar behind "[noun]って". I looked up some examples on space alc web, and 人って seems to mean people, someone, or some person. I have seen other examples of the [noun]って ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

〜たことある/ない vs 〜たことあった/なかった

I see these as example sentences on sites, and I cant figure out the nuances between both. When would you use the past form of this phrase?
1
vote
1answer
110 views

What is the meaning? — 誰かいないのか

I need your help. "誰かいないのか" As far as I understand it, this translates to something like, "I want to know, if there somebody, who is available now" The questions are: Is the translation ok? Could ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

Sentence (question) ending かい - how is it different from just か?

I sometimes find questions that are normally ended with the question particle か to end with かい. For example: いいかい? そうかい? あいつがどうかしたかい? And sometimes with just い without か (if I understand ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

So that + adjective? [on hold]

How would you translate something like “so that you are/can be X”? I bought this so that he’ll be safe. I want to do this for you so that you’re happy!
2
votes
1answer
74 views

「ようとしない」と「ことがある」の違い

皆さん、こんにちは。 I’m right now learning the pattern 「ようとしない」 but I can’t tell the difference on a negative statement using 「ことがある」. 例 「彼は、自分のことは言おうとしない。」 「彼は、自分のことについて話すことがない。」
3
votes
1answer
87 views

How to distinguish 恐れがある and かねない?

Both かねない and 恐れがある mean that there is the possibility that something bad can happen. However, I would like to know if there are some differences that make them apart. Thank you!
0
votes
0answers
53 views

食べていました meaning “Have eaten” or “Just ate” [duplicate]

I know that the te imashita is the past progressive, yet when asking if my japanese friend had eaten, she often replies with tabetenakatta, and my teacher says the te iru form can also mean " Have ...
2
votes
2answers
292 views

The use and difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う

I am having problem understanding the difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う。  As for んじゃないかと思った, I found the following examples:"忘れているんじゃないかと思った" and "間に合わないんじゃないかと思った"。 Moreover, in regards ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Why was し used instead of から?

通訳の仕事は視野が広がるし、自分自身も成長できるよね In this message why is し used instead of から?I thought し was mainly for when there’s multiple reasons for things. Is there another use or reason for it or is it kinda like や,...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

文の組み立て JLPT N1 Question about word order

I am currently practicing for the N1 JLPT, where the questions require us to assemble the sentences in the correct order. Although the book provides the correct answer, it doesn't provide the correct ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Help translating this paragraph: doubts about 「への」and「と共に」forms, and structure of a sentence beggining with 「これ」?

The paragraph is from the introduction to the wikipedia article on David Ben-Gurion: ポーランドのプロニスクで生まれ、パレスチナ移住後はユダヤ系住民のイギリス軍への参加を呼びかけると共に、ナチスの弾圧によって多くのユダヤ系難民がパレスチナへ押し寄せる様になると、...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Why is 1年 written after 去年1年 in this sentence?

I was reading an article on NHK easy news about whooping cough and I came across this sentence, 去年1年でこの病気になった人と同じぐらいです。I've seen this usage of "time duration" before but I never understood why just ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Use of 全て(すべて)in a sentence

Would it be accurate to say: すべてが高かったので何も買いませんでした。 to mean "I did not buy anything because everything was expensive." Is the phrasing correct? And is the use of the particle ”が” accurate or should I ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

てもいいですか vs. causative verb + もらってもいいですか

電話を使わせてもらってもいいですか。 I know that causative verb form + てもらう means to let somebody do something. And てもいいですか is for asking for permission. But I don't quite understand the use of these 2 constructions ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Further clarification on ~てある

This is a follow up to this question regarding the difference between てある and ている. So far I have come across two possible reasons to use てある: てある and ている can both be used to show states, however ...
5
votes
1answer
288 views

What does ては mean in this sentence?

寝太郎はのんきに空をながめては暮らしておりました。 My translation: Netarou was living by heedlessly looking the sky. What does ては mean in this sentence?
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Asking a question with a negative verb (見なかった?)

In Yotsubato Ch. 1, Fuuka asks Ena: 変な子みなかった? I understand this to mean "Have you seen a strange kid?" But I'm a bit hung up on the negative form of the verb here. Why not ask: 変な子みた? Is there ...
16
votes
2answers
501 views

“Te-form” versus “masu-stem + して” (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに)

Is there any difference between 消して and 消しして in the following sentences? For example, A: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消ししているうちに、朝になってしまった。 B: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消しているうちに、朝になってしまった。
4
votes
3answers
211 views

Because my friend asked me to

こんにちは、みなさん! Hey guys, so, I'm familiar with the verb '聞く' when translating the verb 'to ask', as in for information. But, what about when asking/requesting someone to do something? (Similar to '...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

what does mean in these following phrases the grammar rule 「という」

on my book there are these sentences that I didn't understand 新聞に、来月フランスの大統領が来日するという記事が出ている。 1993年に山形県で最高気温が40度を超えたという記録がある。 日本には、月でうさぎがもちをついているという古くからの言い伝えがあります。 ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Why do I need to use のに instead of ので?

食べてばかりいるので、なんで太いじゃないだろう?? I was told for this sentence I should use のに instead of ので. Why is のに better here? It seems like it changes the meaning from “so/since” to “even though”. I wanted to say “...
5
votes
2answers
143 views

Why is the plain negative in this sentence translated as “haven't”?

まだ部屋が暖まらない I encountered this sentence in an Anki deck (core 10k) and I can't seem to wrap my head around it, specifically its translation. According to the deck, the English sentence is "The room ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Can one say [ゲームを遊ぶ ]?

So I know that commonly people say 「ゲームをする」or 「NOUNで遊ぶ」 yet on the Japanese playstation website, I see 「ゲームを遊ぶ」written, even though the verb is intransitive. Are they both correct or is it sorta like ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

たくさん人 or たくさんの人 [duplicate]

I know the more grammatically correct version would be the Takusan NO hito, yet I'm sure I've read and heard both in Japanese media. Is the first a more colloquial way of saying it, or are there ...
8
votes
1answer
752 views

What is the たんだ in と思ってたんだ for the sentence in question?

Here is a sentence that I came across in Yotsuba, 恵那が結婚して出て行く時に使おうと思ってたんだ. I believe the English translation would be something like, "When Ena (恵那) gets married and leaves, I think I'll use this. I ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Help understanding 反故にしてついてきて、なんて言うの? 身勝手すぎるでしょ

I'm struggling to correctly understand the meaning of the sentence in bold below. To explain the context: Person 2 originally promised to go together with Person 1 into battle. However, Person 2 has ...
4
votes
1answer
402 views

Is 悪いところを見つかった proper Japanese?

The weblio page for 見つかった uses this phrase as an example meaning "I've been caught." But as I understand it, 見つかる implies that the subject and not the object is the thing that is found. And so I would ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Do I have to use nan, ka, or both to ask a question?

I'm going through Genki, and for questions, it gives the example, りゅうがくせいです (I am an international student) can be turned into a question by adding ka to the end. りゅうがくせいですか (Are you an ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

Confusing use of あくまでも

I have a lot of trouble sorting out the different use of あくまでも. According to goo, the definition is: 1 物事を最後までやりとおすさま。徹底的に。 2 どこまでも。全く。 So something like: Doing something until the very end. ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

time expression + 置く [duplicate]

I've found this example sentence for 置く in my textbook: 三日置いて治った。(She recovered after three days). I've looked this usage up but really couldn't find anything relevant. Could you clarify how and ...
4
votes
0answers
198 views

来た2日後に vs 来て2日後に vs 来てから2日後に

日本に来た2日後にこの本を買った。 日本に来て2日後にこの本を買った。 日本に来てから2日後にこの本を買った。 I created these sentences from similar-looking examples I found on Google. Are they all grammatical? These all mean "I bought this book two ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Why is しない used instead of じゃない?

So I have the following two sentences from the Yotsuba manage chapter 15. うまいか?変な味しないか? I have seen some typos with the manga on the site I'm reading it at, but I don't think this is one. I'm ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Which Japanese Particle should go here, (ni) or (wa)?

わたしの いえ_ へやが みっつ あります。 Essentially what I'm trying to say here is, "There are three rooms in my house"... What should go after ie (house)?
2
votes
2answers
180 views

How to understand 委ねる in this line

I'm failing to understand what it means for the 戦い to 委ねる in the below sentence. Is there anyone who could clarify what it means in this case? この戦いは国の勝ち負けだけじゃなく一人一人がどちらを選ぶのか委ねている Additional ...
4
votes
1answer
636 views

What does ~ながらにして mean?

Can someone please explain the bold grammar? せんてんてき 【先天的】 《ダナ》生まれながらにして持っていること
2
votes
1answer
217 views

Transforming (conjugating) verbs

So I am studying from an online site called Memrise but they seem to teach pretty straightforward stuff that you have to memorize in order to do them. Yeah I can ask and say things but I can notice ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと

Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Chaining sentences, and past form

Take the following sentence: "I knew that you were/are an angel" For fun, and since I happened to know the one word of vocabulary required for this, I tried to translate it. To do so, I thought about ...