Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Various meanings of どうですか?

This was a while back so I forget what the situation was exactly. I was asking an employee for help at a Bic Camera. If I recall correctly, I was asking something like "Are there other keyboards ...
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Meaning of と思い mid sentence [duplicate]

I came across と思い mid-sentence in the example below: 大切なことをぜひお知らせしたいと思い伯父さんとともにお訪ねしてみました。 Is this the shortened form of think, or is the 思い operating as a second known entirely? Thanks.
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What does “ 飲まずにはいられなかった” mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

私が部屋に入ったとき彼は水を飲んでいた。その顔の蒼さが、水を飲まずにはいられなかったことを示していた。
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What is the purpose of で in this sentence? [duplicate]

I've taken to teaching myself more Japanese through basic sentences and I'm trying to understand how the で changes the meaning of this one: [脆弱]{ぜいじゃく}で[力]{ちから}の[無]{な}い、ただの[人間]{にんげん}なんだ She's ...
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How to make requests not to do something in reported speech? [duplicate]

Specifically in the sentence: “A guide asked us not to touch the exhibits during the excursion”. Do we use 〜て/でください as if we are saying “don’t touch this” or do we simply put a negative form and then ...
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Use of ため in the next sentence [duplicate]

I have my cellphone in japanese to immerse myself as much as I can in the language, and when my facebook failed, this message popped up: 「問題が発出したためFacebookを終了しました。」 By context I can understand that "A ...
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Difference between た/ている/plain form + とき

I don't really understand the difference between た/ている/plain form + とき. I want to understand this form so, if you can give me a lot of examples and explanations, I'll be grateful ! Thanks !!
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が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
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117 views

Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
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195 views

Doko ga vs. Doko desu ka [duplicate]

trying to understand the difference in semantics between the two following sentences: Doko ga, restaurant desu Restaurant wa, doko desu ka. In my head they both mean the same thing. Any clarity on ...
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The meaning/nuance of と言うの [duplicate]

So, i have met this phrase 私があの子を救ってあげなければ、誰が救うと言うのですか? Now, with a quick glance, my brain translated it as something like "if i haven't saved her, who would have done that?". However giving it ...
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391 views

“I wish I could say…”

Just wondering how you would say "I wish I could say "I miss you""? I was thinking it would be something along the lines of 「恋しい」語るできたらいいのに although I'm not sure. Thanks!
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117 views

Confused on use of ため in article about Honda's robot Ashimo [duplicate]

I'm reading this article about Ashimo the robot made by Honda and I don't understand the use of ため in this sentence. I have usually seen ため followed by the particle の or に, but in this case no ...
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158 views

What is this 英語だと implying?

日本語と違って、英語だと文字だけじゃ区別もつきにくいし。 Different from Japanese, you can easily tell the difference (gender) from just the letters/words (of names) in English. I'm trying to understand why this is ...
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What is meant by 人形を使ったおんぶ here?

The sentence in question: 園では、子どもたちにおんぶに慣れてもらうために、人形を使ったおんぶを取り入れて子どもたちがおんぶになじめるように工夫しています。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 ...
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Why can we use にせよ in this situation?

If I'm not mistaken, にせよ is more or less にしろ and they can be used like にしても. The thing I don't understand is that normally in Xにする, X is a noun but in this sentence にせよ is used right after a verb in ...
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Japanese Particle Intonation

I need help with my Japanese intonation. I'm getting better at pronouncing words at word level, but I'm having trouble with pronouncing particles. I have not found a single article talking about this ...
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280 views

なんだけど Meaning and grammar patterns [duplicate]

I would like to know what (なんだけど / なんですが) means? I think these two forms are the same, but when I asked in class their meaning, I was told that they mean nothing, so I'm kinda confused. For example, ...
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Help using noun + までも without ない; and とってあく

I'm reading a manga about a person who becomes a bodyguard for the head of a Yakuza syndicate, due to various reasons including debt. There's a part where the body guard is being threatened after ...
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71 views

The meaning of よう in this sentence? [duplicate]

The meaning of よう in this sentence? 先生に相談したところ、ぜひ大学院に行くよう勧められた。 I assume that it introduces the advice, but it shouldn't be a particle or something like that?
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Please, would you like to explain the [なす] in this sentence? [duplicate]

every one. I am trying to translate japanese text. But there's something male me confuse and curious. The nasu in this sentence, woul you like to explain it. 海の岸辺に緑 [なす] 樫の木 It's really make me ...
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What does this と do? [duplicate]

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20180125/k10011302761000.html The sentence in question: 高さが133メートルある「那智の滝」は、那智勝浦町にある熊野那智大社のご神体とされています。 My attempt at translation: "Concerning the ...
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80 views

This might be a stupid question but… what symbol is this? [duplicate]

This might be a stupid question but... what symbol is this?
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115 views

What does 丸ごとアルミホイルで包み mean here?

The following is an excerpt from a conversation between me and my language partner: ニンニクも植えていますので、丸ごとアルミホイルで包み、オーブンで焼いて食べることがあります。 My attempt at translation: "Because we also grow garlic, we also eat ...
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51 views

Is there a difference between よう and ように? [duplicate]

必ずや主の望まれる結果となるよう、最善を尽くします! It seems to work just like ように, but there must be a (subtle) difference between the two, right?
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136 views

Chaining sentences, and past form

Take the following sentence: "I knew that you were/are an angel" For fun, and since I happened to know the one word of vocabulary required for this, I tried to translate it. To do so, I thought about ...
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131 views

how do I use と書くいてありました in different tempus

I'm struggling to learn how to use と書くいてありました in citing from things I have read and learn to quote it in the japanese way. the way I use 書くいて is apparently in the wrong tempus so is it okay to use ...
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Can と express a means as well? [duplicate]

For full context: https://www.satorireader.com/articles/sanzu-no-kawa-episode-1-edition-m?sentenceID=SrOvSLFfSOyCJFzmEmFt The sentence in question: 朝のまぶしい日差しを受けて、道路わきの林がキラキラとかがやいていた。 My attempt at ...
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(Negative すぎる 'too much') when to use なすぎる and なさすぎる [duplicate]

I understand there are two forms meaning 'too little' or too few', I thought the regular way to conjugate the negative was ない-form verb, and the last い is replaced with さ, making なさすぎる. (e.g 食べなさすぎる) ...
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Jikoshoukai for Interview. 「My Strength and Weakness are…」

I'm kinda new here so please kindly tell me if have broke any rule. I'm currently doing my Jikoshoukai for my upcoming interview and kinda stuck on some part of my translation. Note Im just N5 when ...
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Usage of the phrase している [duplicate]

While I was working on 日本語総まとめ N3 文法, I came across the following. ここの砂は星みたいな形をしている. Now I know that this translates to "The sand here in this area are star-shaped." What I don't understand here is ...
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と particle in this sentence? [duplicate]

この傷だと・・・即死かな? I'm a bit puzzled, shouldn't it be この傷が即死 ?
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How to say a pet/human has a characteristic rather than 'it is something'- How to say something has (adjective) [duplicate]

I am trying to describe what my pet looks like. Let's say her name is 'inu'. I know how to say inu is big. You would say; inu wa ookii desu. You could say what she is by putting a different adjective ...
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What kind of construction is 覚まさんとしていた? [duplicate]

I have the following sentence I'm trying to translate: 暗く打ち寄せる波の下には、血に飢えた神々が目を覚まさんとしていた……。 I tried translating the sentence as follows: Surging from the dark waves, bloodthirsty gods were trying to ...
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134 views

use of もはや in this sentence

考えれば考えるほど、もはや「詰んでいる」としか思えない。 context: speaker is fucked The more i think about it, the more... hopeless it seems??? just stabbing at the last part based on the context, i did read もはや used with ...
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どうしてこの「が」は動詞に付いていますか。 [duplicate]

「手さぐり」という章を読んでいる最中、ややこしい助詞の用法にあいました。 (前略)  目の見えない人は手さぐりで歩む。一歩一歩が慎重である。謙虚である。そして一足歩むために全神経を集中する。これほど真剣な歩み方は、目の見える人にはちょっとあるまい。  人生で思わぬケガをしたくなければ、そして世の中でつまずきたくなければ、この歩み方を見習うがいい。 (後略) 「...
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48 views

I-adjective with -き, what does it mean? [duplicate]

Under which circumstances 楽しい can turn into 楽しき?
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116 views

What does the conjugations of んだ do?

I have recently reached the の particle in my grammar book and it really confused me. Question #1: When we attach の to a verb clause like this, 毎日勉強するの大変 does it mean I'm talking about the act of ...
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215 views

どの and どち when and how to use each?

Recently, I have been struggling with the correct usage of 「どの」and「どち」. Is it correct to think of them in the following way? 「どの」= what (I get this confused with「なん」and「なに」as well) 「どち」= which When ...
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What does 〜 verb + てんの mean in this sentence ? [duplicate]

Source: http://raw.senmanga.com/Yotsubato!/83/5 I am reading Yotsuba (ch.83, pg.5) and I came across this sentence: [恵]{え}[那]{な}は疲れてんのかまだねてるよ いっつも早いのに As far as I know, てんの here is casual ...
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176 views

What does 動詞た形 + んじゃ mean? [duplicate]

I came across this sentence when reading an essay: 「ぢちらしろ、そう何回も声をかけられたんじゃ不快な気分になるなというほうが無理ではないか。」 I'm not sure what the significance of the んじゃ is where it is in the sentence. My grasp of the ...
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2answers
112 views

Is “to” optional in this line?

Japanese: Omae o tadashi katta (to) ukeireteita. English: I did admit that you was right. It's correct without "to"? Omae o tadashi katta ukeireteita. Thanks!
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463 views

What's the difference between dato, nanode and kara?

I know they all indicate consequence. kara implies an opinion, while nanode is objective, but what is the exact difference between all three words? Edit: Update with example: Example 1: da to I ...
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159 views

Difficult conjugation

I would appreciate help in understanding the following conjugation. It is difficult to comprehend the English translation for this. こんなことになっちゃんんじゃないの
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2answers
830 views

Should it be が大好き or を大好き? [duplicate]

I am very new to Japanese language and I am now kind of addicted to learning this beautiful language and the culture. Just a question I want to ask is: Which one of the below one is right? ...
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38 views

What's the difference between あか and あかい [duplicate]

I see both used for the color red. Can someone tell me what the difference is.
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52 views

かれはまどをあけますか。How to convert it to “Why did he open the window?” [duplicate]

I am a beginner Nihongo learner. I know Did he open the window? - かれはまどをあけますか。I just don't know where to insert the "why" in the sentence. Actually, I was a little disappointed that this question is ...
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54 views

Correct use of たら [duplicate]

Whilst I think I understand the purpose of this grammatical device, I'm confused by its usage in the following sentence: 雑誌の占いコーナーを読んでいたら、「日本人は占いが好きです」と、外国人の友達が話しかけてきた。 たら I thought was for ...
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127 views

Usage of 認めよう and 空 on this page?

This one middle page in between these three (link) has been weighing on my mind for a good while. The character would seem to be commenting on a brave/chivalrous aerial battle going on overhead, and ...
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526 views

Need help with のが and のある in this sentence

で、そのときに私がいつも思い出すのが、映画『シンドラーのリスト』のある場面です。ご覧になった方いますか?シンドラーのリスト。 (Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA at 0:47) Can anyone shed some light on the uses of のが and のある in this sentence?