Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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336 views

What does であればこそ mean?

であればこそ、そうした課題の地平に、私たちにとっての「里」、そして、自然との折り合いかたをたえず模索する契機となりうる新たな《里山》 像という結実が期待されるだろう。 Can someone explain what であればこそ means?
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274 views

Infinitive form + た or た form

兄ちゃんも行きたいって言ってたし。 I'm pretty sure it's 言. The only difference is the top mark is horizontal. Every time time I analyze it, though, I wind up with 言. Anyway, my question regards the 行きた. According ...
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605 views

てほしい particle usage

管理に適切な分家筋を選んでほしい。 I understand the meaning, but not the particle used. 貴方に英語を教えて欲しい に is used to show the one who does the action you want him to. を is used to show what you want to have done. ...
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121 views

Katakana that I can't get right

"渡辺さんってサブラの?" - what could this mean? Just can't catch the meaning of "サブラ". Help please.
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てはin this sentence

あわせて、あちらの黒いズボンもはいてみてはどうですか。 Context is a salesperson asking a customer to try out a pair of pants (in addition to a jacket he is already wearing). Is the ては in this sentence ています in subject form? (I'...
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174 views

A sentence that must consist of 終わられる, しまう, and よう

Is my sentence below correct? What I want to say is This textbook seems to be finished before Friday this week. My attempt is as follows, 今週{こんしゅう}の金曜日{きんようび}の前{まえ}にこの教{きょう}科{か}書{しょ}が終{お}...
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94 views

Is the verb in 受話器から変な音がして止まらない future tense?

受話器から変な音がして止まらない。 Strange noises keep coming from the receiver and won't stop. "Won't" in this case is closer to "desire, choice,willingness, consent, or in negative constructions refusal" and ...
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209 views

Translating 「こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの?」

Someone I know PM'd me this and I honestly don't know what it means. こんなばかな私をどうして愛してくれるの? Correct me if I'm wrong but I think this is roughly: Konna baka na watashi o doushite ai shite kureru ...
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374 views

When to use と and こと?

I was talking to one of my friends about these particles (He is a native speaker of the language, and I thought he might know) and here's what he told me: 私は芋が彼を殺すと思います => I think the potato is ...
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381 views

Understanding これといった〜ない [closed]

I was playing a game (Yu-Gi-Oh) until I found this: これといった用があって来たわけじゃない. This was in the very beginning of the game, when someone woke me up. I'm not sure what 「これといった」and 「わけじゃない」mean. May ...
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104 views

Explaining the phrase 書{か}き込{こ}みによると

I have translated the phrase 書き込みによると which, and if I'm right, means "According to the writing". I want to know more about the structure and grammar rules used here. I found it in this article.
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278 views

How can I translate these workplace goals into Japanese? [closed]

I'm an ALT and my supervisor asked me to write my goals in Japanese this year. I'm trying to keep it simple, but I really struggle with putting English into Japanese. Here is my attempt Deepen my ...
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How is “if one does not differ” translated using the word 異なる and the ば-ending?

異なる is the dictionary form. To express the idea of condition, one has to change the u into an e and add the suffix ba. 異なれば = If one differs. How do you express the idea of a negative condition -> ...
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179 views

V(さ)せる when it doesn't indicate permission/compulsion

さくら は あたたかく なって きた ことを しらせる ように さきます あき の おわり から はな を さかせ はじめ...... The above sentences use the V(さ)せる forms - though they do not indicate permission/compulsion. Could someone help understand ...
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2answers
328 views

What is the function of にも in this sentence?

I found this sentence on a manga, and I can't find its meaning for I don't understand the function of にも in this case: 勉強にもスポーツにもそれから恋愛か。
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192 views

can I get away with not having a subject in a sentence if the subject is not relevant to the meaning?

I would like to reference a question I have about this thread that I asked a few days ago: 「思っているようです。」or 「思っている。」 for describing another person's opinion That question was clearly answered. This ...
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605 views

Meaning of ~かといえばそうではない

Another question from me. Reading a text, I stumbled upon the following sentence: では、テレビがあれば、万事それで済むかといえば、そうではない。 As always, stay safe and have a good day.
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336 views

whats the difference between し and と?

I thought I knew this but it has just been explained to me in Japanese class and now I am totally confused. I had always thought と was "and" but apparently it more usually means "or"; when you want ...
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778 views

Using the causative form (使役形) to create humble language (謙譲語)?

"この町に住ませて頂きたいんです。" is a line from a movie. That grammar makes sense to me. In this context, 使役形 is used to create a humble mood. (頂く) makes it even more humble. Based on that, today I said: "3年ぐらい、...
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257 views

meaning of でも~くらい

I cannot understand what is 自分でも無様なくらいに means in the following sentence. I'd translate it like - "I felt so akward, that my voice trembled" 自分でも無様なくらいに声が震えていた Thank you very much for help!
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907 views

What does とし mean in this sentence?

What does とし mean in the following sentence? 若者はオーストラリア人のようになろうとし、オーストラリアで育ったので、両親の伝統を無視したりします
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541 views

Can 助動詞(auxiliary verbs) be used with other 助動詞?

I've been learning about these for awhile, but everything I've seen them used in doesn't use more than 1 at a time. Is there a reason for that? Also my materials don't really explain the subtleties ...
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63 views

Trouble understanding のも in this sentence

I am having trouble understanding the significance of のも in this sentence: そう考えるのも当然だ。
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2answers
161 views

Explanation of 「雪も降ってきて」

What does it mean to have も plus the て form and きて?A translation gives me “Now that it’s snowing...” so does するもしてきて mean “Now that it’s X...”? Or is there another meaning to it?
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70 views

What is the mean difference between 取引先との付き合い方 and 取引先の付き合い方? [duplicate]

What is the mean difference between 取引先との付き合い方 and 取引先の付き合い方? Thank for support me.
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64 views

Intransitive verb connects with a transitive verb via Te Form

I have learnt that a Noun that is preceding an intransitive verb should go with the GA particle (it is a subject). And a Noun that is preceding a transitive verb then it should be used with the WO ...
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89 views

怒りを通り越して sentence formation

彼はなんでもかんでも人のせいにする。あまりの理不尽さに怒りを通り越して呆れてしまう。 how did we make 怒りを通り越して this sentence pattern, can anyone explain it in detail.
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冗談のつもり the grammatical explanation

Since plain form words can attach to つもり, we can just attach the i-adjective 若い to it as is. When our plain form word is a NOUN, we'll add a の after it. And for na-adjectives, we add a な after them. ...
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117 views

construction of this sentence here?

この本がバカ売れすれば、遊んで暮らすだけの金が手に入るのに。 Can anyone breakdown this part 遊んで暮らすだけの金 and explain the sentence construction ?
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72 views

What does 次第だ means at the end of a sentence?

I have studied that 次第 can be used to say "as soon as" and "depending on", however these two meaning do not seem to fit when it is at the end of the sentence. According to my book, in this case, it ...
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97 views

ほうをかす lend a hou [closed]

I was watching another 45 second video, same theme as the last one about 'Illegal uploads', but ran into some trouble with the above. I will post the entire subtitles for context purposes. 違法だよ!あげるくん ...
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86 views

Help understanding whose 解釈が間違ってる

I need some help understanding whose 解釈が間違ってる in the following exchange, and also what types of situations/contexts 解釈 can be used for this type of meaning. From the below extract it is clear that ...
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157 views

What's the use of “-なきゃ”? [duplicate]

I have seen two example of this. The first example come from "恋する星座" part 9 where the girl said a sentences with words "行かなきゃ" The second example come from the song "Catch A Break" sung by Eguchi ...
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113 views

Ambiguity with particle と

The particle と has several use cases, two of which are: 1) Connecting two nouns Example: 林檎とバナナを買いました。 I bought apples and bananas. 2) Indicating that something is done together with somebody ...
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82 views

What is the meaning of '育てられ方’ in this sentence?

I would appreciate it if someone could break down the grammar in this sentence for me and offer an English translation. What I am confused about is who the subject in this sentence is and whether '...
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60 views

How to interprete these は and parse the sentence

The sentence in question: 亡くなったことを知った当初は息子と会うことは考えられなかったという女性。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 My attempt at translation: "...
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flexibility of meaning between 恋に破れる vs 血に飽きた

A more specific question regarding a reply i got from a more long winded question. Hopefully i can expand this to other situations. Aくんも私と同じように、恋に破れて泣く日が来るんだろうか ~に破れる means either "to be ...
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258 views

desu vs. arimasu (or imasu) when declaring existence

The difference between arimasu and imasu is clear, but how do I decide when to use desu and when to use arimasu (or imasu) when stating that something exists? Consider this example sentence: There ...
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48 views

adjective pronominalization with の

大きいのはいくらですか。  きれいなのを買いました。 I found those phrases here. From my understanding these mean: 大きいの = the ones that are big きれいなの = the one that is pretty | the ones that are pretty Am I right? I ...
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61 views

How to interprete this も?

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20181007/k10011662381000.html?utm_int=news_contents_news-main_003 The sentence in question: 長野県内でキノコ採りに出かけた人が死亡する事故が相次ぐ中、...
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110 views

Can you use そうだ (appear, seem) with kango adjectival nouns?

Of course it is common to attach そうだ to na-adjectives or i-adjectives (高そうな車, 元気そうな人 etc), but it doesn't seem to be the case for kango words which can operate as either nouns or adjectives. For ...
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187 views

Proper use of とか and そして in a sentence

I have a "Fairly" simple paragraph that I have written. Hello, Im Kyle. こんにちは、カイルと申します。 Im 29 years old and (そして) my favourite music is Rock and (とか) Classical. 二十九歳だそして好きな音楽はロックミュージックとかクラッシックだ。 As ...
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94 views

“I hate change”

How would you say "I hate change" in Japanese? I feel like 「私は変更を憎みます」 would just sound like a bad google translation.
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74 views

Can a verb end with 〜ます before the conjunction ので? [duplicate]

I know that you can end a verb with 〜ます at the end of a sentence. I also know that you can end a verb with 〜ます before the conjunction が. So, what about ので? Can you end a verb with with 〜ます before the ...
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55 views

How to interprete 最大限活用しよう here?

The sentence in question: 取材を進めてみると、あまり結婚式が行われないはずの“平日”を最大限活用しようという、逆転の発想が見えてきました。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/business_tokushu/2018_0621.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My ...
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81 views

Question about で in this sentence

"「タクシーに乗る」は英語で、I ride a taxiで正解!?" I saw this question being posted on the web by someone and my issue is about the meaning of the sentence itself specifically the phrase "I ride a taxiで正解!?". Does ...
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1k views

How do you say 'take my dog for an hour long walk'? [closed]

Going for a walk is "sanpo ni iku", right? Would taking my dog for a walk be "inu no" or "ino o sanpo ikimas"? And then I just add the "ichi jikan" in the beginning.
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310 views

JLPT question - what does のには mean in this sentence/

母親は嫌な顔ひとつしなかったが、娘の食生活がどんどん変になっていく _______ 困っていた。 And answers are: のには のから のでは のとは The correct one is のには, but I don't understand why.
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86 views

kuse construct query

しらべるくせがつかない Please explain the above construct. I know くせ means habit - but it does not seem to fit here.
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167 views

What's the difference between ともあろうものが and まじき?

Both ともあろうものが and まじき seem to be used for say that a person in that position shouldn't act in a certain way because it is not appropriate. However, I'm not sure if I understood them correctly. Could ...