Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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76 views

Passive form + くれる

For a while now I've been trying to write "[I'm happy that] X chose me", and I've come across the following: Xが選んでくれて Xに選ばれてくれて Xに選んでもらって Where the second option (passive + くれる) actually seems to ...
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183 views

What is the meaning of these words/sentences?

I've some issues getting through the message of my language correspondence partner: 日本では、たくさんの花火大会があります。 7月には、神戸の花火大会、大阪の花火大会に多くに人が訪れます。 1万発 でとても迫力がありますよ。 あと、夏になるとセミがたくさん鳴いて、...
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207 views

Is this correct? [closed]

そうだったのオレはてっきり Translation: I was right, there's no mistaking it
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70 views

Need help understanding a sentence I came across. Possible ては

I came across this sentence while playing Hatoful Boyfriend. At first I had trouble with the 外見が鳥類では part. Would I be correct in saying that the use of では in 外見が鳥類では is an example of the ては ...
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60 views

Translation: ところを, ようとする, 側

睡眠薬を飲ませ眠ったところを、カツラと服で姿を変え、親子連れを装い密かに遊園地を抜け出そうとしていたのだ。 Context: a child was abducted, they made him take a sleeping pill, they changed his hair and clothes in order to disguise him. Eventually the ...
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173 views

What are the rules for using 最高敬語?

Apparently when speaking to someone like 明仁, I'd need to speak a special brand of urban-polite keigo called 最高敬語. Given this, what exactly are the rules for this brand of keigo? As I can only find it ...
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120 views

what is the meaning of いくわけだ

From a passage saying that it's hard for people to visualize or grasp the scale of things when they're in expressed in units they can't easily relate to- but that if something people can relate to is ...
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711 views

How to say “I started to learn Java” in Japanese? [closed]

How to say "I started to learn Java" or "I started to learn Java today"? Thanks! Could you say 私はJavaを学び始めた?
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176 views

Can you use multiple 'no's?

For example, if you wanted to say 'my mother's house' would you say 'watashi no oka-san no ie'?
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146 views

Are どう、どこ、どれ、どの、等、exclusively question words?

Are words like 何、いつ、どう、どこ、どれ、どの、exclusively used to request confirmation for a unknown? Or can they also be used to say the Japanese equivalent of things like "This is HOW you do it", or "This is WHEN ...
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Needing quick help with grammar! Is this the correct way to phrase it? Does this sentence make sense?

Would 佑里子は私にを教えてくれました mean "Yuriko taught me"? Am I saying it correctly and using correct grammar? Otherwise, how would it be best to say "Yuriko taught me. She's a good teacher" Would it make sense ...
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129 views

The particle に when used with 移動する

部屋{へや}へ移動{いどう}します。= Move to the room. 部屋から移動します。= Move from the room. But if I use に, does the sentence「部屋に移動します。」mean to "move to the room" or "move from the room"? Or can the meaning be either ...
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207 views

What is the meaning of もう and もじ? [closed]

わたしのむすめはもうもじをよむことができます。 What is the meaning of もう and もじ?
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127 views

Ambiguous use of はなして?

The younger sister is holding on to the climbing frame, trapped by a wild dog. The older sister is rushing to the rescue: 「お姉ちゃん、来ちゃダメだよ、あぶないよぉ」 Sister, don't come over here. It's dangerous. ...
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235 views

Whats the difference between ぢ and じ? [duplicate]

please also give the pronunciation
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134 views

Understanding verb+ことくらいある

教育実習の先生同士、帰る方向が同じなら一緒に帰ることくらいあるさ If two student teachers' way home is in the same direction then going home together .?.? I can't make any sense of the part in bold. Literally "there is the extent ...
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505 views

Understanding っていうのも

The kids have decided that they don't like their new teacher: A.「ああいうタイプは気取ってやがるに決まってるんだ」 It's certain that this kind of person acts like a snob B.「決まってるっていうのも強引だけどたいていそうだよね」 The thing you ...
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93 views

State of being and the word こと

I have 2 questions: When I put a verb in the past does it already carry the state of being? For instance, the quote 私は疲れますです。First, です translates like "am", right? Now if I wanted to put this ...
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78 views

自然から得られる生産に役立つ要素。 Parsing

自然から得られる生産に役立つ要素。 Can someone help me with this? 自然から得られる=You can obtain from nature 生産に役立つ=Useful for production 要素=Components 自然から得られる生産に役立つ要素。 Components you can obtain from nature which ...
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192 views

Parsing 何を考えているかすぐ解るような態度は改めたほうがいい

「志貴さま。今のは姉さんにはその...」 黙っていてくださいとごにゃごにゃ呟く翡翠。 「なに、今のって琥珀さんに話しちゃいけないことなんだ。そっか。わかった」 そんなことは、ぜひ琥珀さんに教えてあげなくては。 「……志貴さま。その、なにを考えているかすぐ解るような態度は改めたほうがよろしいかと思います」 「ん?なに、別になにも考えてないけど、俺」 ...
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Can tokidoki only be used in a negative sentence?

I heard that ときどき can only be used in an affirmative sentence, and never in a negative sentence. Is that true? If anyone could please provide an example of ときどき in a negative sentence, that would be ...
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83 views

Can particle で be used for means be used with people?

I'm attempting to make a sentence saying ぼくは ともだち で はなしています I am speaking with a friend While making it I was just wondering if using で would be correct since I kind of felt like ともだち would ...
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195 views

Meaning of phrase 「古く懐かしい歌のように、傍にいてほしい」

I'm a bit confused about the bolded part in the following passage(partly monologue). Is のように shows that 「傍にいてほしい{スタンド・バイ・ミー}」 is the part from the song? Like in the old, nostalgic song, 'Stand by ...
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212 views

Using location words with Subject/topic markers

I can't really figure this out myself so I don't think I can really give an example for this question so I'll just ask it and if it's too obscure to really answer say something in the comments and I'...
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3answers
833 views

How to say “If I can be”?

I'm studying Japanese by myself. To become is なる. Able to become / can be = なれる If I say なれば it would mean ”If I became” (conditional) so "If I can be " should be "なれれば"? The sentence I'm trying to ...
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How to say “I recently learned how to speak japanese” in japanese? [closed]

How to say "I recently learned how to speak Japanese" in Japanese? is it: watashi wa hanasemashita nihongo koto ga saikin manabimasu or watashi wa nihongo hanasemashita koto ga saikin ...
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3k views

when should I use を instead of が?

it happens a lot that I'm not sure which of the two is the more correct one. を marks the object and が the subject, I know that. still I get them wrong because it's not that simple, maybe there some ...
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99 views

「君の声が聞こえなくて、逢えると信じる。」

For a research project in artificial intelligence, I investigated parsing Japanese. There was major problems with ambiguity in the mentioned type of sentence; in most cases the ambiguity is obvious to ...
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119 views

To which part of speech belong 〜とはいえ and 〜というものの, and as what part of sentence are they usually used?

I came across 〜とはいえ and 〜というものの. They seem to be fixed expressions but I am not quite sure which part of speech they can be re-analysed as.
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277 views

Meaning of 具体的に [duplicate]

What is the meaning of 具体的に? Usage of particle に in this context is not very clear to me.
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129 views

formal state of being

I'm reading through Tae Kims grammar guide and have just got into the last section. It says that である is the formal state of being. Can anyone tell me...why is this? It would seem logical to me ...
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3k views

present perfect tense in Japanese [duplicate]

How often does Japanese use present perfect tense? My friend has been asking to watch a Japanese anime movie called 風たちぬ, this is the first time I have ever seen this 'nu' particle usage. Before I ...
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207 views

Can we use 通る about 心地 or 気持ち?

Just before these sentence main character told that he is worried about crossing the tunnel(because of some childhood memories). That is why I'm not sure what is he talking about in this sentence(bold ...
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529 views

What does 女子高生に唾液かけた疑い 逮捕の男「困る姿楽しい」 mean?

What does the following sentence mean? 女子高生に唾液かけた疑い 逮捕の男「困る姿楽しい」 Especially the relationships between: 唾液 and かけた 困る姿 and 楽しい Is 困る姿 楽しい?
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207 views

What is the meaning of 「…みけんならみけん…」?

I'm reading a book on how to draw manga style characters, and I came across this sentence. It is part of a larger block explaining how to make a character look the same from all different angles. 同{...
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73 views

what the different te and tte?

hello minasan konnichiwa, what the different te and tte? what te = ( e ru and i ru) or to another? and tte =(a, o , u ru)? because some word i can fine like hairu ( to come in ) become haitte, why ...
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41 views

The use of verb stem in the sentence [duplicate]

Why in this sentence the stem of the verb is used instead of the verb 炒める itself? まず、玉葱を炒め、次に肉を入れて下さい。
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47 views

What does a て form i-adjective for sentence ending mean?

Why is this i-adjective conjugated to the て form at the end of the sentence? Why not just leave it as 珍しい? The only use I know for て form adjectives is so you can chain them together, but there is no ...
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78 views

Using ダメ with なくては?

I read that しなくてはダメ means “to have to do something” but someone said ダメ cannot be used with なくては to mean “have to”. I get different answers from different sources, both being Japanese speakers. What ...
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88 views

Meaning of 文字起こし? [closed]

話し合って、らいあんさんにはエンディング、オープニング、エフェクトなどの編集をお願いします!もう1人お願いする方がいて、その人に文字起こしなどお願いすることになりました! I am working as a video editor for my client and I understand the first sentence, but I am having difficulty ...
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114 views

Reason for using じゃないですか in this sentence?

「えとー、隣に人乗る時ありますけど、なんかこう前が壁じゃないですか。」 The translation in the subtitle was “Because, sometimes people do sit next to me but there’s a sort of wall in front of you.” I don’t understand where the じゃない ...
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130 views

Difference between して and したり

What is the difference between saying 「最近毎日は何もをしなかったり、ただの寝るとからなるよ。」and「最近毎日は何もをしなくて、ただの寝るのよ。」 I'm not sure if one doesn't work with that sentence, or if this works the same in negative form, but I've ...
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110 views

Describing personalities, saying colourful

How would I describe characters as being colourful ? Would this be fine?: とうじょうじんびつはいろがおおいです。  Also when describing a characters growth, would this sentence be fine?: もじのせいかくはせいちょうするがいいです。 If ...
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100 views

Which sentence is grammatically correct?

I'm unsure how to write the sentence "That (near you) is a pencil." in Japanese. Is it "Sono pen wa desu." or "Sore wa pen desu." ? Or are both of them right/wrong? I'm a beginner so I can only read ...
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154 views

What is the difference between “Doko de benkyou shiteiru no desu ka?” and “Doko de benkyou benkyo shiteimasu ka?”

In Japanese, what is the difference between "Doko de benkyou shiteiru no desu ka?" (どこ で べんきょう している の です か?) and "Doko de benkyou benkyo shiteimasu ka?" (どこ で べんきょう べんきょ していますか?) How does the ...
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125 views

What does this mean? '誰もがここで生まれたので、学校は大変でした.'

I have been trying to translate 'school was hard because everyone was born here (australia)' and am not sure if this is the right grammar or not.
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132 views

I don't understand this usage of その?

「テレワーク」は、離れたを示す「tele」と働くの「work」を組み合わせた造語で「遠いところで働く」という意味です。 インターネットやパソコンなどITを使って、会社以外の場所で働くことで、自宅で働く「在宅勤務」や勤務先以外のオフィススペースで働く「サテライトオフィス勤務」などがその代表例です。(source) I don't understand the logic behind ...
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100 views

べんきょうを します / べんきょうします interpretation and use

I was told that in べんきょうを します the べんきょう is the direct object of the expresion and in ~を べんきょうします the ~ part is the direct object Is that right? but besides that, whats the diference?, how must ...
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93 views

What's the meaning of 終末 in 終末の微笑

What's the meaning of 終末 in 終末の微笑? I know 微笑 means smile, but would 終末の translate to "The final", "The last" etc. Would you be able to say 最後 in 最後の微笑 and it would have the same meaning? Thank you
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187 views

What's the difference between かと思うか and 途端に?

I understand that both かと思うか and 途端に mean "as soon as something happen another thing happens as well". I see that their usage is different, especially when かと思うか is used with emotive verbs, however I ...