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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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About the coupling of ーてもらう and ーなさい

I often hear my old calligraphy teacher (and so far only her) use something like the following: 何々。。。書いてもらいなさい(?) 何々。。。やってもらいなさい(?) and so on. The question mark in parenthesis indicates that, ...
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1answer
134 views

Are both of these correct sentences: 「ここに住所を書いてくださいますか?」「ここに住所を書いてくださいませんか?」?

I believe 「ここに住所を書いてくださいますか?」 means “Could you please write the address here?” And 「ここに住所を書いてくださいませんか?」 means “Would you please write the address here?” An exercise I’m doing shows the second ...
6
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1answer
635 views

Casual Speech Particles in Classical Japanese

I'm writing a simple Japanese skit for my class and there is a place where an ancient samurai needs to speak a few sentences of Classical Japanese. I can mostly make the sentences, but it seems weird ...
5
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1answer
136 views

Basing on~ the differences of these similar meaning words

試験の成績_____、合格か不合格かを決める。 A. に伴って B. に基づいて C. 次第で D. のもとで E. に応じて Which of the following fits the blank space best? They all have similar meanings from how I see it (but definitely different ...
5
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1answer
147 views

Combining もし・ば and -たい form together

My impression when using conditionals, most of the time, you lose the ability to express desire. For example, when conjugating to -たら、you have to use the past tense of the verb. Is it grammatically ...
5
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1answer
131 views

What is the difference between といったところです and というところです?

銀行に変化を促しているのがタイの中央銀行です。 日本で言えば、日銀が腰を上げて、変革の旗振り役をしているといったところです。(source) Could we replace といったところです by というところです here? If yes, what would be the difference? If not, why?
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1answer
155 views

Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
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1answer
92 views

Regarding がある/のある

I'm writing somthing for my Japanese class currently, and I wrote 「おいしい食べ物のあるレストラン」and I thought that when ある was modifying a noun you could change it to の but my teacher corrected it to が. Are there ...
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1answer
132 views

Meaning of ようになり

The problematic part is emboldened. 縄文時代は、縄文土器が使用された時代を示す呼称であったが、次第に生活内容を加えた特徴の説明が為されるようになり、磨製石器を造る技術、土器の使用、農耕狩猟採集経済、定住化した社会ととらえられるようになった。 I can't understand how does the ようになり function here. ...
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151 views

"A: いつごろ切符を予約しましたか。 B: 3か月前です” why should it be です but not でした?

"A: いつごろ切符を予約しましたか。  B: 3か月前です” why should it be です but not でした?
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1answer
456 views

What does ~ながらにして mean?

Can someone please explain the bold grammar? せんてんてき 【先天的】 《ダナ》生まれながらにして持っていること
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1answer
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How to say “Should I [do something]?”

There was a similar question here, but it was more along the lines of "Should we do something together?", and I'm not sure it fits my case. For example, how do you say "Should I bring something to the ...
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1answer
1k views

~てない - ambiguity between ている and てある

手を上げてない人は私だけです。 上げてない is the negative form of てある right? Most people would omit the い in ている. So for me it is hard to differentiate if てある or ている is used since both sounds the same (negative only). ...
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I need help with those sentences: 「~と思われる」「~ように思われる」

日本語を習う時はローマ字を使わない方が良いと思われる。 日本の将来の見込みは暗いように思われる。 彼は金持ちであるように思われる。 Why does the first one use と and the second and third one use ように?
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42 views

Translating “(action X) as (event Y)” - what grammatical structure fits best?

I'm a relative beginner to Japanese. I was trying to translate some song lyrics, and I got stuck badly on "shows fear as he turns to hide". If you don't know the song, we are told of one man on a ...
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0answers
79 views

Trouble ないで vs なくて

In this answer it is said that the usage of なくて is narrower than ないで(ないで can always replace なくて according to the logic explained and is ambiguous because of that) But in this question, the answer ...
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0answers
198 views

The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
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30 views

いかにも in this sentence

talking about a person involved in the smashing the watermelon blindfolded game このままあえて指示を出さずにいかにもみんな飽きて違うことやってますという状況を作り出すのはどうでしょう How about we create a situation where we don't give her any ...
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0answers
58 views

How do I determine if an indefinite pronoun requires a particle?

I've been trying to determine if there is a rule for when indefinite pronouns (何か, だれでも、 etc.) require a particle. It seems like if the required particle is を or が, it gets "absorbed" into the ...
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0answers
86 views

Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
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0answers
99 views

Adjective-Nominalization さの vs normal usage with な

I try reading a Japanese book for the first time and I have some trouble with the sentence: たったひとりとはいえ、その自分を惨めさの道連れにした。 I think I somewhat get the meaning of it, but I am confused why 惨め is ...
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0answers
94 views

Grammar correction: Death Note theme deconstruction

I'm currently watching Death Note and decided to interpret the opening theme. However, I'm unsure about my interpretation. I don't know what I don't know, so please either correct my mistakes or tell ...
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0answers
146 views

Use of なら in this context - Concerning?

I was trying to translate this song but the first couple of lines didn't make much sense to me. There seem to be a lot of inferred particles or something, because there seem to be a bunch of ...
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0answers
99 views

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?
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71 views

Questions about possession phrases

I'm asking here since I didn't manage to find a definitive answer to my questions. 1. When should I use には and when は? The only thing I managed to find online is that は is used when a quantity is ...
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0answers
87 views

始める vs 出す vs になる

Elementary grammar books cover the difference between '赤ちゃんは歩き始めた' and '赤ちゃんは歩き出した'. However, there seem to be one more grammatically correct way to say 'to begin doing something', namely Vstem+になる. I ...
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0answers
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Is にとって often shortened to に in spoken, colloquial Japanese?

For example, 「昼ごはんに寄せ鍋を食べた」or 「私に(は)辛すぎる」, in both cases meaning "for".
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Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?

I have been wondering about it for a while, Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?
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80 views

Difference between といえども and とはいえ

I was studying for the N1 and I found といえども and とは言え、 which are both described as the formal version of とはいっても and that they both mean "despite/ even". Can somebody explain me the difference and ...
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0answers
79 views

Question about ~になり

So I have this sentence : 写真は良い思い出になります translated as : " Photographs bring back a lot of memory." I personally read it as : " Photos will become great way to remember (the past/memories)" ...
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0answers
65 views

Which grammar structure does this sentence fit into?

Which grammar structure does the following sentence fit into? あのナイフは、パンを切るのにつかいます。 I translated it as "That knife is used to cut bread". However, I can't understand the 切るのにつかいます part. The closest ...
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0answers
61 views

Describing an imminent event

I have been trying to determine the differences between : 迫る 迫り来る 差し迫る From what I gather it is based on the context, but I have been unsuccessful in seeing the different nuances in usage.
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213 views

what's the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに?

I can't wrap my head around the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに. I have already looked up at the answers already posted in two previous posts and on the internet, but I still don't get it. I ...
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0answers
84 views

Help with Japanese sentence order

So, I recently decided to take a try at Japanese again. As such I decided to jump right in to using the vocabulary I know in sentences to see how far I could get. The following is what I came up with, ...
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0answers
80 views

Function of と in this sentence

I'm struggling with figuring the function of the particle と in this sentence from a book of Japanese literature in parallel text from the beginning of 夏目漱石's 夢十夜: 腕組をして枕元に坐っていると、仰向に寝た女が、...
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112 views

などということは vs などというのは, is first one used to “physical things” and second one to “activities”?

I stumbled upon this definition in "tobira". Is my understanding correct, that の is used for "activities and abstracts" and "こと” for more physical things?
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93 views

Various meanings of どうですか?

This was a while back so I forget what the situation was exactly. I was asking an employee for help at a Bic Camera. If I recall correctly, I was asking something like "Are there other keyboards ...
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163 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
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0answers
65 views

Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
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0answers
260 views

“I wish I could say…”

Just wondering how you would say "I wish I could say "I miss you""? I was thinking it would be something along the lines of 「恋しい」語るできたらいいのに although I'm not sure. Thanks!
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49 views

What is meant by 人形を使ったおんぶ here?

The sentence in question: 園では、子どもたちにおんぶに慣れてもらうために、人形を使ったおんぶを取り入れて子どもたちがおんぶになじめるように工夫しています。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 ...
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Volitional form in this context

The sentence in question: おんぶをして子どもの目線を変えて好奇心を育もうという狙いで、おんぶを励行しているのです。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at ...
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0answers
49 views

Why can we use にせよ in this situation?

If I'm not mistaken, にせよ is more or less にしろ and they can be used like にしても. The thing I don't understand is that normally in Xにする, X is a noun but in this sentence にせよ is used right after a verb in ...
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69 views

Usage of てからというものは

Could somebody explain me the difference among てからというものは, て以来 and このかた? According to my understanding, these three forms mean that since てからというものは/て以来/このかた, nothing changed (してから、ずっと同じ). However, I ...
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0answers
85 views

Japanese Particle Intonation

I need help with my Japanese intonation. I'm getting better at pronouncing words at word level, but I'm having trouble with pronouncing particles. I have not found a single article talking about this ...
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102 views

When to use ~えば、~たら、場合 specifically

I understand most Japanese grammar, but there is one thing that eludes me. I don't understand when to use ~えば, ~たら, or 場合 specifically, to express conditional (if then) statements. Would someone ...
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0answers
100 views

usage of と in sentence

にほんには どのぐらい いようと かんがえて いますか I came across this sentence in textbook and don't quite understand the usage of と in it. Can anyone help? Thanks.
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0answers
107 views

What does 丸ごとアルミホイルで包み mean here?

The following is an excerpt from a conversation between me and my language partner: ニンニクも植えていますので、丸ごとアルミホイルで包み、オーブンで焼いて食べることがあります。 My attempt at translation: "Because we also grow garlic, we also eat ...
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0answers
114 views

Chaining sentences, and past form

Take the following sentence: "I knew that you were/are an angel" For fun, and since I happened to know the one word of vocabulary required for this, I tried to translate it. To do so, I thought about ...
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0answers
119 views

how do I use と書くいてありました in different tempus

I'm struggling to learn how to use と書くいてありました in citing from things I have read and learn to quote it in the japanese way. the way I use 書くいて is apparently in the wrong tempus so is it okay to use ...