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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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81 views

Why can「うんざり」be used directly preceding「だ」/「です」?

I recently came across 「うんざり」(which dictionaries describe as an "adverb" and "する-verb"), and cannot figure out why it works in sentences where it directly precedes 「だ」/「です」. An example is: 「...
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Questions about possession phrases

I'm asking here since I didn't manage to find a definitive answer to my questions. 1. When should I use には and when は? The only thing I managed to find online is that は is used when a quantity is ...
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107 views

Adjective-Nominalization さの vs normal usage with な

I try reading a Japanese book for the first time and I have some trouble with the sentence: たったひとりとはいえ、その自分を惨めさの道連れにした。 I think I somewhat get the meaning of it, but I am confused why 惨め is ...
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133 views

始める vs 出す vs になる

Elementary grammar books cover the difference between '赤ちゃんは歩き始めた' and '赤ちゃんは歩き出した'. However, there seem to be one more grammatically correct way to say 'to begin doing something', namely Vstem+になる. I ...
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81 views

Is にとって often shortened to に in spoken, colloquial Japanese?

For example, 「昼ごはんに寄せ鍋を食べた」or 「私に(は)辛すぎる」, in both cases meaning "for".
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115 views

Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?

I have been wondering about it for a while, Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?
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125 views

Difference between といえども and とはいえ

I was studying for the N1 and I found といえども and とは言え、 which are both described as the formal version of とはいっても and that they both mean "despite/ even". Can somebody explain me the difference and ...
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83 views

Question about ~になり

So I have this sentence : 写真は良い思い出になります translated as : " Photographs bring back a lot of memory." I personally read it as : " Photos will become great way to remember (the past/memories)" ...
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73 views

Which grammar structure does this sentence fit into?

Which grammar structure does the following sentence fit into? あのナイフは、パンを切るのにつかいます。 I translated it as "That knife is used to cut bread". However, I can't understand the 切るのにつかいます part. The closest ...
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67 views

Describing an imminent event

I have been trying to determine the differences between : 迫る 迫り来る 差し迫る From what I gather it is based on the context, but I have been unsuccessful in seeing the different nuances in usage.
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365 views

what's the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに?

I can't wrap my head around the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに. I have already looked up at the answers already posted in two previous posts and on the internet, but I still don't get it. I ...
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90 views

Help with Japanese sentence order

So, I recently decided to take a try at Japanese again. As such I decided to jump right in to using the vocabulary I know in sentences to see how far I could get. The following is what I came up with, ...
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82 views

Function of と in this sentence

I'm struggling with figuring the function of the particle と in this sentence from a book of Japanese literature in parallel text from the beginning of 夏目漱石's 夢十夜: 腕組をして枕元に坐っていると、仰向に寝た女が、...
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185 views

などということは vs などというのは, is first one used to “physical things” and second one to “activities”?

I stumbled upon this definition in "tobira". Is my understanding correct, that の is used for "activities and abstracts" and "こと” for more physical things?
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1answer
147 views

What does 「ような 」mean in the following sentence?

What is the difference between 以下の条件を満たすような日本語スピーカーを探しています and 以下の条件を満たす日本語スピーカーを探しています ?
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1answer
142 views

Can someone explain to me how “としまして” is formed?

Could someone help me by explaining how this is formed? The question here refers to an answer to my question (second comment on answer), but I don't understand it: Could someone help with the ...
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2answers
129 views

“But”, “but also”, “yet”, and “and yet” when listing things?

How do I express the these ideas in Japanese while listing things? For example, how should these sentences be translated into Japanese while carrying the same tone? He has a scary face but a heart ...
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1answer
93 views

Does the も particle mean “as far as” in the following sentence?

I'm translating a sentence, and I come across the particle も. I remember learning in my Beginner Japanese class that the particle も can be used to mean "too" in various situations, but that meaning is ...
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1answer
143 views

When to use te form and past tense

Was going through my Genki book and saw an example sentence of te form verb but it ended in past tense. (言う いってた) Why use the te form at all and not just past tense 「あきらさんは何て言ってた?」 「...
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1answer
365 views

Questions about の→ん contraction, でござる→でございます shift

【原文】Original version 各これらの語の特徴はいつからなの?何時代ですの? 第一、「のです」と「なのです」を書いて「んです」と「なんです」を書かなかったことはいつからなの? 第に、「でござる」を書いて「でございます」を書かなかったこともいつからなの? 私の日本語がよくないですと、すみません! Edited version I have two questions ...
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Does this sentence make sense “タバコとっても大嫌いよ、タバコの香り特にな”

Im writing an essay about myself in Japanese to practice my grammar and such. And I want to know if this sentence makes sense and whether or not I can change it to make it sound more natural.
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82 views

nanimo vs nandemo (also daredemo/daremo) 誰でも 誰も 何でも 何も

何でも食べる 何も食べない "it is as much as something, eat." = if it's anything, i'll eat it/i eat it. "as much as something, not eat." = if it's anything, i will not/don't eat it. 何でもない = "it is as much as ...
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Need help understanding what 全体 is referring to in this context (NSFW)

You'll have to pardon the example as it is NSFW(I didn't see anything explicitly disallowing these types of questions). The context of the text below is that the main character is having sex with his ...
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47 views

親友の出産に立ち会った. Sentence formation

why did we use に after 出産. Is it because 出産 is a Suruverb ? or just a normal Noun. Any similar examples ?
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85 views

肌に悪い. noun Ni adjective

肌に悪い. Can anyone explain the sentence structure of this form, also few more examples, what is the difference between saying 肌のために悪い ?
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61 views

NO adjectives list or complete explanation

how can i distinguish between no adjectives and noun? particularly, No adjectives are joined with a ni particles, Is there any full list or something to remember about them ?
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61 views

What is the difference in connotation between できれば and できたら?

Is できれば more polite? Is one more often used when describing favors? Also could you please provide some examples?
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63 views

ところ+particle(助詞) precision

Hy, I am currently working on with 新完成マスター N3 for my grammar part and I get stuck on a small section of the lesson related to ところ(~p.17)。 So far, I understand that, according to this lesson, ところ can ...
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40 views

〜たことある/ない vs 〜たことあった/なかった

I see these as example sentences on sites, and I cant figure out the nuances between both. When would you use the past form of this phrase?
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91 views

What are the different uses of iroiro?

I already know there is the adjective iroiro+na, and I've learned that, but recently I've learned that iroiro+to and iroiro+no are different ways to use "iroiro", which I have not learned in class, ...
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89 views

noun and adjective in the sentence

what is the difference between these two sentences and where we can use them 先生からの手紙を読めと言われた。 先生からもらった手紙を読めと言われた。     as in first case we use kara to modify ..
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84 views

Don't understand meaning of verb stem + ちぎれない

I'm playing a game and looking at an item description. But for the life of me I cannot find out what grammar concept is behind the bold portion of the description. I know the verb being used is 噛む (...
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1answer
201 views

Differences between Wa Nai and Ga Nai?

I first learnt Ga as always attached to Arimasen so still trying to grasp the nuances when changed to a Wa. From my understanding of Wa vs Ga differences, it's just simply a matter of topic vs ...
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128 views

Using 通り in combination with adjectives

V る + とおり(に) V た + とおり(に) NOUN + の + とおり(に) 後藤先生の奥さんは、想像していた通りの優しい人でした。 as in this example, とおり can only be used with only verbs and nouns but not with adjective.What could be the simplest ...
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64 views

How should I read constructions like “NPのそのNP”?

I encounter these sometimes, but I have a hard time understanding what they're trying to say. Just wandering if someone could explain what it means when you have a possessive noun construction behind ...
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128 views

Various meanings of どうですか?

This was a while back so I forget what the situation was exactly. I was asking an employee for help at a Bic Camera. If I recall correctly, I was asking something like "Are there other keyboards ...
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174 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
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129 views

Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
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450 views

“I wish I could say…”

Just wondering how you would say "I wish I could say "I miss you""? I was thinking it would be something along the lines of 「恋しい」語るできたらいいのに although I'm not sure. Thanks!
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59 views

What is meant by 人形を使ったおんぶ here?

The sentence in question: 園では、子どもたちにおんぶに慣れてもらうために、人形を使ったおんぶを取り入れて子どもたちがおんぶになじめるように工夫しています。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 ...
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62 views

Why can we use にせよ in this situation?

If I'm not mistaken, にせよ is more or less にしろ and they can be used like にしても. The thing I don't understand is that normally in Xにする, X is a noun but in this sentence にせよ is used right after a verb in ...
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97 views

Japanese Particle Intonation

I need help with my Japanese intonation. I'm getting better at pronouncing words at word level, but I'm having trouble with pronouncing particles. I have not found a single article talking about this ...
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120 views

What does 丸ごとアルミホイルで包み mean here?

The following is an excerpt from a conversation between me and my language partner: ニンニクも植えていますので、丸ごとアルミホイルで包み、オーブンで焼いて食べることがあります。 My attempt at translation: "Because we also grow garlic, we also eat ...
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135 views

how do I use と書くいてありました in different tempus

I'm struggling to learn how to use と書くいてありました in citing from things I have read and learn to quote it in the japanese way. the way I use 書くいて is apparently in the wrong tempus so is it okay to use ...
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1answer
215 views

に particle. Why is this sentences

I have a bit of a struggle with the に particle. Could somebody explain to me why it is used here? 結婚のお祝いに、部長に時計をいただきました。 (first に) このかばんは物が入れやすくて、旅行や仕事に便利です。 車の修理に1週間かかります。 ...
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1answer
185 views

What's the correct translation for 'Japanese Student': 'Nihonjin gakusee' or 'Nihonjin no gakusee'?

I have seen both uses in different contexts, but I'm having trouble figuring out in which case to use the 'no' particle!
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99 views

Why is に used in the sentence シャワーに適切な温度は40度くらいです

シャワーに適切な温度は40度くらいです Why did we use Ni particle after シャワー, What is it existence and any similar examples ?
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2answers
389 views

ような in the sentence and how to use?

I'm having problem translating this sentence 正直な人が損をするようなことは、あってはいけない. and more importantly I want to know what ”ような” means exactly in this context, please give me a short example of ”ような” if ...
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2answers
581 views

に まで differences in usage with person or things

From what I understand に marks the destination of a verb, like まで。 僕が彼に愛を感じる   僕が彼まで愛を感じる Some explanation I find for に are: 1)に plainly wears many different hats, but I like to think of に as a ...
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1answer
276 views

Nakattan — what does n mean?

I've heard a few times a word "nakattan" with n at the end. I know what nakatta mean, what does N mean?