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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Usage of 手伝う and お手伝いをする

I want to say "If I can help with your English studies ...". I thought of three ways, none of which I'm sure is natural: 英語の勉強を手伝ってあげられたら... 英語の勉強のお手伝いをしてあげられたら... 英語の勉強のお手伝いができたら... I looked up ...
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145 views

When is である/な Needed for Certain Words?

While studying grammar I noticed that some words require using である/な when used with a noun/な-adjective respectively. I wanted to see if there was a pattern between which words required them and which ...
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Differences between “even if”/“no matter (how much)” structures: としても, ところで, ~ようが/と

I've encountered several forms that mean both "even if" (might be used for example with たとえ), and "no matter (how much)" (used with どんなに, いくら, etc). ~ても ~としても ~ところで ~ようが/と The only difference ...
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Usage of ところ to represent time with に and で

I am trying to understand the grammar of using ところ with に and で when using ところ to represent the time that actions have happened. These are (ungrammatical) sentences I made up: 1) ...
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93 views

Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + ...
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163 views

来た2日後に vs 来て2日後に vs 来てから2日後に

日本に来た2日後にこの本を買った。 日本に来て2日後にこの本を買った。 日本に来てから2日後にこの本を買った。 I created these sentences from similar-looking examples I found on Google. Are they all grammatical? These all mean "I bought this book two ...
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81 views

Why is a verb before a 格助詞 called 連体形?

As I have known, 格助詞 is not 体言.That is what I cannot understand.
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102 views

~ば vs ~ていれば in counterfactual conditionals

In l'électeur's answer here, he claims (with such confidence that he bolds the belief) that the correct way to say the English sentence "If I had turned right back then, I wonder what would have ...
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115 views

What does には mean in this case?

The sentence in question: 休日の繁華街は平和な賑わいに満ちていた。道行く人々の笑顔は眩しく、街灯はどこまでも明るく、一足早いクリスマス模様のショウウィンドウには、まるで世界中の幸せを寄せ集めて詰め込んだように華やかだった。 I would normally think of には following after something like ショウウィンドウ to ...
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104 views

Trouble ないで vs なくて

In this answer it is said that the usage of なくて is narrower than ないで(ないで can always replace なくて according to the logic explained and is ambiguous because of that) But in this question, the answer ...
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The て form, the と and もの constructions: gerund, participle, transgressive, or verbal noun?

As far as I understand, among the constructions (て-form verb), (て-form verb)いる, (finite verb)こと, (finite verb)の, (verb phrase)と, (finite verb)もの the form (2) unambiguously functions as a finite verb ...
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123 views

question with でしょうか

こんにちは。質問があります。 1.「行くのでしょうか」 2.「いきますでしょうか」 Why is "の" needed in the first sentence to form a question, but in the second sentence there is no need for "か" to form a question?
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Is there an actual difference in meaning or nuance between 私達の世話をする and 私達を世話する?

I have seen this pattern where を is replaced by の in many sentences that use a する verb. I got used to this construction by exposure and it has started to look less clunky and more natural to me, but ...
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92 views

Word Order - は and が Particles

Today I learn that word order is not very strict in Japanese. You could change the order of noun phrases with no loss of meaning, as long as the correct particles are used. I've learned this with the ...
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expressing opinion adding し at the end of adjective

I have two dialogues: かわい : 沖縄料理は 食べましたか。 ホセ : ええ、もちろんです。おいしいし、ヘルシーだし、つまも 私も 気に いりまた。 かわい : ホテルは よかったですか。 ホセ : ええ。へやは ひろくてあかるいし、へやから 海が みえたし、さいこうでした。 かわいさんの おすすめの ホテルに ...
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X (affirmative) より仕方がない and alternatives

I know that the usage of 仕方がない has been discussed here, but I had an additional question. If you say: X (affirmative) より仕方がない The translation as I understand it is that you have no other choice ...
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79 views

How do I determine if an indefinite pronoun requires a particle?

I've been trying to determine if there is a rule for when indefinite pronouns (何か, だれでも、 etc.) require a particle. It seems like if the required particle is を or が, it gets "absorbed" into the ...
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Usage of the Particle で alone and with は

I understand what the particle で does as far as describing how or where an action took place. But I notice that I run into で many other times where it seems to have a different function. Could ...
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101 views

Grammar correction: Death Note theme deconstruction

I'm currently watching Death Note and decided to interpret the opening theme. However, I'm unsure about my interpretation. I don't know what I don't know, so please either correct my mistakes or tell ...
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151 views

Use of なら in this context - Concerning?

I was trying to translate this song but the first couple of lines didn't make much sense to me. There seem to be a lot of inferred particles or something, because there seem to be a bunch of ...
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112 views

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?

What is the archaic version of the verb conjugation しても?
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67 views

How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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Use of の vs か in questions

i’ve seen japanese speakers switch between both の and か in the same conversation or situation. are there certain phrases where it’s better to use one or the other? for example is の better to use with ...
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64 views

「に、へ、まで」the difference in use with verbs

Well. I saw some topics here on same subjet, but I still didn't get the full image of a rule. に - iplies the place, where is purpose-action will take place (final destination) へ - implies the ...
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Do 最愛の人 and ダーリン mean the same thing?

I looked up for the word "darling" and got two different answers and I just want to know if they both mean the same thing.
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Why can「うんざり」be used directly preceding「だ」/「です」?

I recently came across 「うんざり」(which dictionaries describe as an "adverb" and "する-verb"), and cannot figure out why it works in sentences where it directly precedes 「だ」/「です」. An example is: 「...
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Questions about possession phrases

I'm asking here since I didn't manage to find a definitive answer to my questions. 1. When should I use には and when は? The only thing I managed to find online is that は is used when a quantity is ...
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103 views

Adjective-Nominalization さの vs normal usage with な

I try reading a Japanese book for the first time and I have some trouble with the sentence: たったひとりとはいえ、その自分を惨めさの道連れにした。 I think I somewhat get the meaning of it, but I am confused why 惨め is ...
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112 views

始める vs 出す vs になる

Elementary grammar books cover the difference between '赤ちゃんは歩き始めた' and '赤ちゃんは歩き出した'. However, there seem to be one more grammatically correct way to say 'to begin doing something', namely Vstem+になる. I ...
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Is にとって often shortened to に in spoken, colloquial Japanese?

For example, 「昼ごはんに寄せ鍋を食べた」or 「私に(は)辛すぎる」, in both cases meaning "for".
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Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?

I have been wondering about it for a while, Are all intransitive verbs becoming stative with ている?
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94 views

Difference between といえども and とはいえ

I was studying for the N1 and I found といえども and とは言え、 which are both described as the formal version of とはいっても and that they both mean "despite/ even". Can somebody explain me the difference and ...
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Question about ~になり

So I have this sentence : 写真は良い思い出になります translated as : " Photographs bring back a lot of memory." I personally read it as : " Photos will become great way to remember (the past/memories)" ...
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Which grammar structure does this sentence fit into?

Which grammar structure does the following sentence fit into? あのナイフは、パンを切るのにつかいます。 I translated it as "That knife is used to cut bread". However, I can't understand the 切るのにつかいます part. The closest ...
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65 views

Describing an imminent event

I have been trying to determine the differences between : 迫る 迫り来る 差し迫る From what I gather it is based on the context, but I have been unsuccessful in seeing the different nuances in usage.
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what's the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに?

I can't wrap my head around the difference between たびに, ごとに and おきに. I have already looked up at the answers already posted in two previous posts and on the internet, but I still don't get it. I ...
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87 views

Help with Japanese sentence order

So, I recently decided to take a try at Japanese again. As such I decided to jump right in to using the vocabulary I know in sentences to see how far I could get. The following is what I came up with, ...
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81 views

Function of と in this sentence

I'm struggling with figuring the function of the particle と in this sentence from a book of Japanese literature in parallel text from the beginning of 夏目漱石's 夢十夜: 腕組をして枕元に坐っていると、仰向に寝た女が、...
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142 views

などということは vs などというのは, is first one used to “physical things” and second one to “activities”?

I stumbled upon this definition in "tobira". Is my understanding correct, that の is used for "activities and abstracts" and "こと” for more physical things?
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How should I read constructions like “NPのそのNP”?

I encounter these sometimes, but I have a hard time understanding what they're trying to say. Just wandering if someone could explain what it means when you have a possessive noun construction behind ...
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124 views

Various meanings of どうですか?

This was a while back so I forget what the situation was exactly. I was asking an employee for help at a Bic Camera. If I recall correctly, I was asking something like "Are there other keyboards ...
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171 views

が particles and their usages

A follow-up to Why is が added at the end of この小娘が in this clip? I'm currently aware of the following が particles / usages: 1) Subject marker (exhaustive listing). I think it can appear at the end if ...
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105 views

Should I replace commas with と in Japanese?

I have seen many times sentences that connect many objects with と which in English would require comma. So, is it better to generally just replace comma with と whenever connecting many things together?...
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373 views

“I wish I could say…”

Just wondering how you would say "I wish I could say "I miss you""? I was thinking it would be something along the lines of 「恋しい」語るできたらいいのに although I'm not sure. Thanks!
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56 views

What is meant by 人形を使ったおんぶ here?

The sentence in question: 園では、子どもたちにおんぶに慣れてもらうために、人形を使ったおんぶを取り入れて子どもたちがおんぶになじめるように工夫しています。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 ...
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Volitional form in this context

The sentence in question: おんぶをして子どもの目線を変えて好奇心を育もうという狙いで、おんぶを励行しているのです。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_0521.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_004 My attempt at ...
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59 views

Why can we use にせよ in this situation?

If I'm not mistaken, にせよ is more or less にしろ and they can be used like にしても. The thing I don't understand is that normally in Xにする, X is a noun but in this sentence にせよ is used right after a verb in ...
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86 views

Japanese Particle Intonation

I need help with my Japanese intonation. I'm getting better at pronouncing words at word level, but I'm having trouble with pronouncing particles. I have not found a single article talking about this ...
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113 views

What does 丸ごとアルミホイルで包み mean here?

The following is an excerpt from a conversation between me and my language partner: ニンニクも植えていますので、丸ごとアルミホイルで包み、オーブンで焼いて食べることがあります。 My attempt at translation: "Because we also grow garlic, we also eat ...
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134 views

Chaining sentences, and past form

Take the following sentence: "I knew that you were/are an angel" For fun, and since I happened to know the one word of vocabulary required for this, I tried to translate it. To do so, I thought about ...