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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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1answer
134 views

Does といったところ translate to “approximately” or “at most” in this sentence?

How would you translate the following sentence: 明日参加予定なのは、田中さん、林さん、川田さん、原さんといったところです。 Is it either: According to tomorrow's schedule only/merely/at most Tanaka, Hayashi, Kawada and Hara will ...
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1answer
163 views

The usage of あげく

My current understanding of the grammar あげく is based on this common explanation I gathered online: spending considerable time and effort doing an action, resulting in an outcome X + あげくY = “after ...
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1answer
177 views

Specific use of してまで

Recently I've been reading Michael Emmerich's "New Penguin Parallel Text" for Japanese short stories. In Yoshimoto Banana's "A Little Darkness," there's a passage that describes how the narrator's ...
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2answers
141 views

なにかなのだろう parsing and meaning

In a short story I found a sentence I'm having difficulties understand no matter how I look at it or how I try to parse it: これは、心の病かもしれない、と思い、私と母はやがてじょじょにだが公にする祝い事をとりやめていった。...
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0answers
44 views

させましょう in a task [duplicate]

「その漢字を使って下の文を完成させましょう。」 This is part of a task. I’m confused by させましょう. Why is this form used here instead of, say, してください or しましょう?
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1answer
334 views

Meaning of とうとうりん

三角標のように それはだんだんはっきりして、とうとうりんとうごかないようになり濃い鋼の野原にまっすぐにすきっと立ったのです Is とうとうりん here meaning finally? And what about りん?
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780 views

Meaning of どこでなく

カムパネルラも知っている、それはいつかカムパネルラのお父さんの博士のうちでカムパネルラといっしょに読んだ雑誌のなかにあったのだ。それどこでなくカムパネルラは、その雑誌を読むと、すぐお父さんの 書斎{しょさい}から 巨{おお}きな本をもってきて、ぎんがというところをひろげ、まっ黒な 頁{ページ}いっぱいに白い点々のある美しい写真を二人でいつまでも見たのでした What does どこでなく ...
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1answer
154 views

Sentence-ending という

In a short story I found this sentence: 父はまだギターをえらんでいるだろうか。 気のいい父、クラシックギターがこの世でいちばん好きな父。 父と母は新婚旅行でやはりここに来たという。その時も父はギターを買った。母は、ひとつひとつの試し弾きに耳を傾け、根気よく、父の買い物につきあった、と父は言った。そして、お母さんは、...
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508 views

Is this an error…?

I came across the following in a book I'm reading but have ever seen that kind of grammar before, and Google isn't bringing anything up at all: 固くしてみあ I'm beginning to think it's a print error. If ...
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1answer
89 views

Could someone please explain the usage of なる here? [duplicate]

I'm trying to make sense of a song (純潔なる愛-Aspiration-) and there is this construct of noun+なる that confuses me. I know the "to become" grammar, or になる, but this is missing the に particle and also, it ...
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79 views

grammar of アンタに用事がある

アンタに少し用事があるからこの後付き合いなさい in context it is one person asking another to go somewhere with them. but with アンタに用事がある alone, what is it really saying? 用事 exists in you? thanks
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2answers
127 views

~くて on a verb? How do you indicate desire?

「右手【みぎて】で描【か】いた、今ここに避難所【ひなんじょ】はないんだ。息【いき】を吸【す】いこんだ。つまらない世界【せかい】壊【こわ】したくて。」 Translation: Drawn with my right hand, here, now, as for the shelter, there is none. I inhaled. The boring world wants to be ...
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1answer
66 views

いて use as a reason or something else

昨日は疲れていてテスト勉強ができませんでしたが、今日はできると思います。 In this sentence, is this いて after 疲れて explaining the reason? Why was he not able to study? Why can't we use から or ので?
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1answer
111 views

Clarification on 彼のほかに私たち皆が行った

I am studying sentences with my colleagues and this was one of the sentences we picked for the week: All of us went besides him. かれのほかにわたしたちみながいった。 彼のほかに私たち皆が行った。 After I consulted with a native ...
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1answer
125 views

Is 均等 a noun or adjective?

野菜をよく洗って、均等に切って、オーブンで焼きます。Is 均等 working here as a noun or adjective?
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64 views

気付けば/気がつけば and ば form

I found 気付けば/気がつけば translated "Before I knew it" in two occasions: 気がつけば茜色の雲のスクリーンに瞼の裏の暗幕にリフレインする 気付けばレベル9とかになっちまって I know ば as conditional, and I can't find in my grammars or on online ...
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885 views

に vs. を in “to pass a test”

Every time I'm feeling confident about the correct usage of に, を, and で, I get thrown for a loop. Could someone please explain to me the use of に in this sentence: I will study a lot and pass the ...
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1answer
224 views

Understanding and grammar meaning behind “やったことないしなー”

I'm reading a Japanese manga and I found this "maybe" slang sentence. A female character is asked to perform as actress in a school movie and her answer is: "えーー女優とか、やったことないしなー" My guess is "An ...
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1answer
111 views

そのものだ how is it translated?

So, I recently was reading something and I found the structure そのものだ, which at first glance it is not quite mean "that thing" as I thought, and the best explanation of it that I could find was in the "...
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1answer
167 views

Is this ~んだ form an explanation?

I know the んだ form is used to give and ask for explanations, but I'm not sure about its usage in this passage; context: a girl asked a boy how much he loves her, he answer and then starts explaining ...
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1answer
75 views

Differences between 場所 and どこの場所

In a short story the protagonist says this sentence: そして僕は突然、自分が知っている誰からも、自分が知っているどこの場所からも、信じられないくらい遠く隔てられ、引き離されているんだと感じる I was wondering: why 自分が知っている**どこの場所** instead of just 自分が知っている**場所**.
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114 views

は vs が in やすい-pattern

木が浮く。 [ki-ga uku] Literal translation: Wood floats. Meaning: wood is such a material, if to put it in water, it will stay on the top, it will not sink. Let's add ~やすい / ~にくい pattern (as ...
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1answer
195 views

Nominal connectors in embedded sentences: 名詞・形容動詞 +「である」「だという」「な」等 (+ こと) の使い分けについて

This is a general question about what to place after nominals when connecting them to constructs like こと. Lately I've realized I've either forgotten or never knew when I should be using だということ over ...
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1answer
100 views

Difference between using て form and dictionary form when requesting/instructing

These are all of the different ways I can think of (I might have missed some) of how to request something in Japanese in no real particular order: しろ して してくれる してくれ してくれて してください ...
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1answer
242 views

Why is it more suitable to use 「V辞書形 」 than 「N+の」 right before 「代わりに」 in the following sentence?

The sentence is from my textbook, where I'm asked to pick the correct or more suitable choice from inside [ ]: 最近[ 車の / 車を持つ ]代わりに、カーシェアリングを利用する人が多い。 According to the textbook, the correct (...
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1answer
84 views

What does かとか mean in this sentence?

血筋かとか言われたくなかったんでな. I've been watching some anime and came across this sentence and while i understand what it means i can't understand the (かとか)part.
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1answer
124 views

直前に adverb or not

デートを直前にキャンセルして、彼女をかんかんに怒らせてしまいました。 In this example is 直前に an adverb?
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46 views

~たる form of a verb [duplicate]

Context: a boy is always been a head shorter than a friend of his, and he always said: いつか、必ず抜いたるけんな which I think I can quite understand ("Someday, I'm sure I'll surpass him"), but not really, ...
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2answers
77 views

近所に as an adverb

近所に刑務所ができることになって、少し不安です. In this sentence is 近所に working as an adverb? Since 近所 could be a na-adjective
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1answer
85 views

Need help with the famous 11 second intercom audio from Mega Man Legends 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dJxBnRth-A&t=1m40s Need 日本語字幕 subtitles for this short 11 second announcement heard in the background. I've listened to this for over a decade, and could never ...
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1answer
98 views

に in 両親に行ったように反乱軍に跪いてみせた

彼はひとたまりもなくかつて両親に行ったように反乱軍に跪いてみせた。 no real context, only an example sentence for 跪く 反乱軍に跪く is more obvious, kneeling at/towards 反乱軍. 両親に行った I'm far less certain of. How should I look at this?
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101 views

usage of は and の as posesssives

sentence: 私の犬は目が青くて、耳がグレーです。 Why is it not 私の犬の目? I cant differentiate between は and の when used as possessives
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379 views

Verb ending in -ん with positive meaning?

I was watching an anime, and this is the context: prior to the series, the main character went in hiding after betraying her peers, since she was the only against a peace she deemed fake; while ...
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1answer
196 views

Can adverbs modify adjectives?

For instance: 昔の日本は身分の差が大きく厳しい上下関係があります。 Is 大きく modifying 厳しい? But the way I understand this sentence is in ancient Japan, there were large social divides and strict social hierarchy, which is in ...
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62 views

What is the difference in connotation between できれば and できたら?

Is できれば more polite? Is one more often used when describing favors? Also could you please provide some examples?
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2answers
63 views

What is the correct question 何だろう or 何だろうか

How to ask a question with だろう in the correct way? Should I add か in the end? Like 何だろうか? I saw a lot of examples and almost always guys omit か in the end. And just say 何だろう;いつだろう。。。
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1answer
55 views

に in コントロールに苦しまなくなった

コントロールに苦しまなくなった野球系YouTuber You would want good control as a pitcher so, "to become not-suffering in control" or "attain good control" is the default way of reading this. but what exactly is コントロールに? ...
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1answer
87 views

Please help with a headline for today's news article about consumption tax

This morning (at least where I live) the top headline when I got up to look at the TBS news was as follows (source). Please correct my attempt if there is an error. 【現場から、】10%の暮らし、駄菓子の“おまけ”で苦肉の策 ...
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1answer
79 views

Meaning of らしたのじゃありません?

Prior to this sentence, Kawashima was talking about jumping from the school's roof with Obata-sensei; aftwerwards, another teacher is speaking with Obata, and says: 小幡先生はひょっとして、...
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1answer
79 views

Meaning of そうでもない

In this sentence: 神野{じんの}菜生子{なおこ}さして意外そうでもなくうなずいた I'm having some issue in understanding そうでもない, and according to how I read it it reverse the meaning of the sentence: as far as I understand, ...
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1answer
127 views

Help understanding だからこそ、という場合もある

I'm struggling to understand the sentence in the exchange below. To explain the context, these characters have been shipwrecked and landed on an unknown island. They find that several of their ...
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2answers
101 views

meaning of たりしてくれる

A young couple are cooking together and he mentions that this is special now but may become the usual in the distant future when they move in together someday and the like (こんな is referring to this ...
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1answer
183 views

What is the meaning of this passage?

I started reading a practice reading for N3 yesterday, and found this passage in a sentence that is very confusing 他人から見れば「どうしてそんなことを」というようなことをしてしまう親のことである。 If someone can help me I would really ...
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41 views

What does のか mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

In this sentence: ドアの音に驚いたのか、軽く上体がかしいだ a door opens, and there is a character, whose upper body is slightly bent forward, startled by the door's sound. I think の just nominalize ドアの音に驚いた, but I'm ...
3
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1answer
122 views

What is the の particle doing in this sentence when used after まで?

I have the following sentence from chapter 140 of the manga, 『五等分の花嫁』. 今の父と再婚するまでの私たちは極貧生活でした。 Context: One of the girls (of 5 siblings) is speaking with her male friend and she is discussing how ...
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0answers
42 views

Meaning of と in this sentence [duplicate]

In a short story I'm reading (or trying to) I found this sentence: 屋上の手すりから、ひらひらと風になびくタータンチェックのひだスカートと、そこからにょっきりと生えた二本の脚とが見えた I think the general meaning is the character saw from the rooftop's ...
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0answers
36 views

When should I use です instead of ます? [duplicate]

I'm just unsure of when to use them at the ending of a sentence. I know です is 'for politeness' and I never see です and ます together.
4
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1answer
139 views

Word order in 犬のホワイトチョコレート

Some time ago I was speaking with a Japanese teacher, and to say "A white chocolate dog" she said 犬のホワイトチョコレート; I asked, shouldn't it be ホワイトチョコレートの犬, since 犬のホワイトチョコレート sounded to me like "A white ...
5
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1answer
161 views

Help needed breaking down で + なんだっていう in this sentence

I have the following sentence from a manga, 「問題集作ったくらいでなんだっていうのよ。そんなの…いらないわ」, and I am not sure what 「でなんだっていう」 is doing here. I think I may be mainly thrown off by the 「で」 at the beginning. Context:...
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1answer
128 views

レポートを書かなければなりません。 [duplicate]

Please I need some help here. I am all in on learning to mimic how Japanese speak and write as well as learning proper grammar. Just knowing vocal and grammar will lead to unusual and unnatural speech,...