Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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4
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2answers
166 views

Is it possible to join 以下 + しか?

I try to use the limit marker 以下 (less than, up to) with the particle しか to convey that the amount of less than 1万 for a bonus is fewer than expected. Can I use both words together? My sentence is: ...
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1answer
90 views

What does [Item]やったらなんでも売ってる mean?

So Link (this elf kid) walks into an weapons shop and the seller/vendor says: 武器やったらなんでも売ってるで、金塊次第やなあ! I guess he's saying: If you want to buy weapons, I sell everything, provided you have the ...
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2answers
110 views

怒られるのが sentence construction

怒られるのが怖くて嘘をつくのは、子供にありがちな行動です。 why did we use 怒られるのが as subject ?? what is the sentence constructon
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1answer
97 views

ダンスの先生なんだから、上手なはずですよ

ダンスの先生なんだから、上手なはずですよ。 is はずです is work as a noun here ?? as its attached after na adjective
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0answers
110 views

Can に関わりなく be used with adjectives?

にかかわりなく seems to come after a noun, e.g.: 文化祭は当日の天気にかかわりなく開催されます。 The school culture festival will be held regardless of the weather on the day. Is it possible to use it with an adjective e.g. ...
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1answer
116 views

construction of this sentence here?

この本がバカ売れすれば、遊んで暮らすだけの金が手に入るのに。 Can anyone breakdown this part 遊んで暮らすだけの金 and explain the sentence construction ?
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88 views

noun and adjective in the sentence

what is the difference between these two sentences and where we can use them 先生からの手紙を読めと言われた。 先生からもらった手紙を読めと言われた。     as in first case we use kara to modify ..
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1answer
72 views

What does 次第だ means at the end of a sentence?

I have studied that 次第 can be used to say "as soon as" and "depending on", however these two meaning do not seem to fit when it is at the end of the sentence. According to my book, in this case, it ...
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0answers
46 views

There is a difference between Vてこそ, Vばこそ and からこそ?

I think that all of these three forms indicate both a reason, as well the emotional aspect of this reason. Could somebody tell me if I got their meanings right and whether they are interchangeable or ...
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0answers
59 views

What's the difference between てかなわない and てたまらない??

To my understanding てたまらない and てかなわない both mean "can't stand/unable to". However, I believe that てかなわない can't be used with adjectives of feeling, while てたまらない can. My question is how can I distinguish ...
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What is the difference in using the negative て command and the negative な command? [duplicate]

Is one harsher? More common? 歌わないで! 歌うな! What is the difference in these two?
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2answers
174 views

If somebody just says “暇か”, what does that mean exactly?

The setting is 4 kids in a park in Japan. The kid sitting on the bench is Ageru-kun, who is uploading a video to the internet, which is illegal in Japan. His 3 friends go up to him and have the ...
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1answer
92 views

彼女は日本の文化にうまく noun

彼女は日本の文化にうまく馴染めるのか、不安でならないようだ。 in this sentence, 彼女は日本の文化 and うまく馴染めるの phrase are noun, then why did we connect them with に particle ..any similar examples
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1answer
94 views

日本の人口が少ないです. adjective and noun in this sentence

日本の人口が少ないです。 when we define a subject 日本の人口, after the ga particle should there be always a adjective like 少ない for eg... can we place also place a noun ?
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0answers
37 views

Why do we use で in 東京での暮らし? [duplicate]

車椅子利用者からすると、東京での暮らしは便利とはいえない。 Why do we use で after 東京? Is it to show the action in the place? What if we only say 東京の暮らしは?
2
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1answer
150 views

Japanese quote marks!

I'm trying to construct a short post for my social media, in Japanese, because many of our customers are Japanese. I don't want to make a mess. I am using a quote from a Japanese review left on ...
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1answer
68 views

What's the meaning and nuance of ばっかり in this sentence?

A girl is worried and upset because she believes she is more excited and happy about the relationship with her boyfriend than he is. So she says: わたしばっかり浮かれてる気がする…… I think the sentence means ...
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1answer
96 views

ほうをかす lend a hou [closed]

I was watching another 45 second video, same theme as the last one about 'Illegal uploads', but ran into some trouble with the above. I will post the entire subtitles for context purposes. 違法だよ!あげるくん ...
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1answer
64 views

What's the difference between ないわけにはいかない and ずにすまない??

I think they both mean that you have to do something because there is a social pression like なければならい、but I'm not certain that I can use them interchangeably. Could somebody confirm it?
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44 views

difference between particles の and を for the verb 紹介する

家族にはまだ彼氏を紹介していません。 and 家族にはまだ彼氏の紹介していません。 are these two sentences same please explain
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1answer
94 views

What does 今一概に言える equate to? “Now, unconditionally said thing?”

I was watching a 45 second video, but ran into some trouble with the above. I will post the entire subtitles for context purposes. テレビ番組を勝手にアップロードするのは違法だからな 10年以下の懲役か1000万円以下の罰金か、その両方だが ...
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2answers
136 views

Is there a difference between the dekiteru/dekita part in “Junbi wa dekiteru/dekita”,and ii in “junbi wa ii”?

I would like to know if, like: Junbi wa ii Junbi wa dekiteru Junbi wa dekita Are all interchangeable? I feel like the last two mean "Plans are complete" and "Plans have been completed" ...
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1answer
76 views

With what verbal form can とたん be used?

I studied that とたん must be used after a verb in the past form, and that, also the clause that follows it is in the past form. In this case it bears the meaning of "as soon as something happens, ...
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1answer
45 views

noun adjective sentence pattern

最近は海外旅行より、国内の温泉旅行やスキー旅行の方が若いカップルに人気です。 why we use 若いカップルに人気です. Noun に adjective, what does it mean ?? can anyone explain this sentence pattern ??
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1answer
862 views

Use of って when quotation doesn't make sense

I'm playing through a game right now and I'm seeing って used at the end of sentences a lot. I know って can be a shorthand version of the と particle, but it doesn't make sense as nobody is being quoted ...
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1answer
138 views

Why does 電池 take the を particle

The sentence 咲は電池{でんち}を時計{とけい}に入{はい}れました。 Translates as "Saki put the batteries in the watch" but would would 電池 take を in this case?
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2answers
109 views

Explaination for はずです?

What is the difference between 貴方{あなた}には、会うべき御方{おかた}がいるはずです。 and 貴方{あなた}には、会うべき御方{おかた}がいる。(or います for politeness) ? According to Jisho.org はずです means "be supposed or expected to (do)" but ...
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0answers
80 views

How to say “The following” in Japanese

Since the word order in Japanese is kinda vague and also mostly reversed to what English speakers are used to, I always wondered how to say things like that in Japaense: The boy said the following: '...
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1answer
122 views

What does <verb>ことのある<noun> mean?

In a chat with a Japanese person, he told me 「ドイツ語で読んだことのある本を日本語で読んでみるのはどうですか?」 Context is that we talked about books. Can someone translate that into English and explain me what the ことのある本 part ...
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4answers
551 views

How to say “How long have you had this dream?”

Would どのくらい夢がありましたか。be correct? I don't really know. This is for a Japanese assignment I have at school.
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1answer
173 views

I want to say “There is a convenience store behind the bookstore on the left”

In my book, they translated it in to: Konbini no hidari ushiro ni honya ga arimasu. But from earlier examples of the book it should switch konbini with honya honya no ... Konbini ga... . the ...
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1answer
107 views

What is the difference between 自由に and 自由で?

自由に歩けなくても... 自由で歩けなくても.. can anyone differentiate this
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1answer
87 views

what the different te and tte?

hello minasan konnichiwa, what the different te and tte? what te = ( e ru and i ru) or to another? and tte =(a, o , u ru)? because some word i can fine like hairu ( to come in ) become haitte, why ...
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1answer
46 views

The use of verb stem in the sentence [duplicate]

Why in this sentence the stem of the verb is used instead of the verb 炒める itself? まず、玉葱を炒め、次に肉を入れて下さい。
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39 views

What's the meaning of ものだ here? [duplicate]

I came across the following two examples, but I cannot understand their meaning and what that ものだ stands for. Does anybody knows it? The first one goes: "人間というのは、本来一人では生きられないものだ。"While the other one ...
3
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1answer
87 views

How to distinguish 恐れがある and かねない?

Both かねない and 恐れがある mean that there is the possibility that something bad can happen. However, I would like to know if there are some differences that make them apart. Thank you!
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2answers
180 views

How to understand 委ねる in this line

I'm failing to understand what it means for the 戦い to 委ねる in the below sentence. Is there anyone who could clarify what it means in this case? この戦いは国の勝ち負けだけじゃなく一人一人がどちらを選ぶのか委ねている Additional ...
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0answers
71 views

Delimiting prenominal relative clauses

I encountered this sentence: 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する Is there any way of knowing if this is 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・発展的に拡大する戦略を立案する or 提供サービスごとの適切な値付けを行い、事業が継続的・...
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3answers
96 views

noun adjective grammar

学校の窓ガラスを割った生徒に反省文を書かせました。 in this phrase why did we use two を particles, does it mean two objects are here ?? can anyone explan the sentence structure..any similar examples also
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2answers
163 views

Is this sentence grammatically correct?

While studying ばかりだ I found in a grammar book the following example: 日本語の成績が下がるばかりだ。 It was also written that in this sentence ばかりだ cannot be substituted by 一方だ, but searching on the internet I ...
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0answers
78 views

What do this pattern mean and how do I use it? [duplicate]

I came across two sentences: 前回も雨なら今回も雨か。。。僕たちの旅行はいつも運が悪いね。 そんな人、会ったこともなければ名前聞いたこともありません。 The form should be [~も~なら/ば~も] and it should mean も~も. But can somebody provide me more examples and ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Asking for advice/suggestion “should I…?”

みなさん,こんにちは。 I was wondering what gramatical structure is best to use when asking for advice as we would in English with 'Should I...?' Or 'should we...?'. I've come across two possible choices but I'...
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2answers
91 views

sentence structure noun and adjective

ゴリラは争いを 嫌う温和 な動物で、こちらが危害を加えないかぎり、人を襲うことはまずない。 in this phrase ゴリラは争いを嫌う温和な動物で, 争い is a object and 嫌う温和 is a modified noun/adjective. How a noun is associated with noun/adjective ?? can anyone ...
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1answer
49 views

What does a て form i-adjective for sentence ending mean?

Why is this i-adjective conjugated to the て form at the end of the sentence? Why not just leave it as 珍しい? The only use I know for て form adjectives is so you can chain them together, but there is no ...
2
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1answer
117 views

What's the difference between 上で and 次第?

I was wondering what was the difference between 上で and 次第. As for their significance I think that they differ a little. On one end, 上で bears the meaning of "upon doing something", whilst 次第 implies ...
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0answers
82 views

Don't understand meaning of verb stem + ちぎれない

I'm playing a game and looking at an item description. But for the life of me I cannot find out what grammar concept is behind the bold portion of the description. I know the verb being used is 噛む (...
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1answer
68 views

noun-adjective pattern

寒い国に生まれたからといって、寒さに強いわけではない. can anyone explain this pattern 寒さに強い, noun に adjective , how to use it and which nouns,adjective can be used in this form ?
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1answer
140 views

Differences between Wa Nai and Ga Nai?

I first learnt Ga as always attached to Arimasen so still trying to grasp the nuances when changed to a Wa. From my understanding of Wa vs Ga differences, it's just simply a matter of topic vs ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

What's the difference between きらいがあるand がちだ?

I believe that both these forms are used to express a negative tendence, but I have the feeling that they are not always interchangeable. In particolar, I got the impression that 嫌いがある is also used to ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

How to use 禁じ得ない?

I was studying 禁じ得ない that apparently means " cannot control, refrain a sentiment". It really feels similar to form such as たまらない、仕方がない、やまない and ずにいられない, but I don't think it's the case. Can somebody ...