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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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「を」Vてある - Typo or actual construction?

Seen in the introduction to a book entitled 日本語文法ハンドブック, so it would greatly surprise me if it's a typo. Each section in the book is broken into parts and one is entitled "これだけは", being described ...
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Meaning of 以上 and 以下 according to water depth level

Reading a text like: 海の深さが200m以上{いじょう} The first thing that came into my mind was: Above a level of 200m depth But then I realized that my understanding can be wrong and it may mean something ...
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AはBと同じくらい… comparative construction

From this post I learned that I can change subject marker が with を (Aの方がB・・・) and it will be completely fine, but can I do so with 「AはBと同じくらいC」 construction? For example, I need to say "He is as ...
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The use o f たり in some Japanese expression

Could some one explain the use of たりin this phrase: 動物を虐待したり捨てることは犯罪です。Thanks.
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The use of が in this childrens story "さるかに'

I'd really appreciate an explanation for the use of 'が' in the children's story. I'm fact, it's used in almost every sentence. For example 'さるが, かきを食べました。' ' くりが,来ました。はちが,来ました。' Here's the link to ...
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1answer
92 views

The grammar of Xには我慢がならん

おかしな服を着た連中には我慢がならん。 He couldn't bear folk who wore strange clothes. My translation comes from the obvious context, plus the fact that Jisho says of ならん "Cannot bear not to". But I can't understand ...
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1answer
107 views

Can が be interchanged with を?

I've got a sentence which, I believe, has to be translated in Japanese using "Aの方がC" construction. Anna learns Japanese more (than for example English) Can I translate it as 「アンナは日本語の方をたくさん勉強します」? ...
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175 views

「卒業して以来」と「卒業した以来」どちらが正しいですか?

I got the wrong answer when playing the 'JLPT Taisen' game. The question is: "田中さんとは、学校を_____以来、会っていない". I think the answer is "卒業した", but "卒業して" is correct. Please teach me why?
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285 views

What's the grammar behind 飲み足りる?

I've seen in subtitle of a tv show "ただ飲み足りないだけ" I know there is に足りる form to mean "to be enough" but it should have been 飲むに足りない. Is there any other grammar point I am missing?
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101 views

Nominalized verb and connection to noun after が particle

I'm attempting to read a book and I don't understand the grammar 100% here. ジャックはもうすぐ九歳。本を読んだり、自然を観察したりするのが大好きな男の子だ。 Overall, I believe it means: Jack will soon be 9 years old. A lovable boy ...
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Can someone help me translate this sentence? [closed]

I was studying minna no nihongo 2 中級 and this sentence appeared in the middle of a text. I don't quite understand it. Just the general idea. ロボコンによる教育は、生徒たちを精神的に成長させる人間教育としても注目されるようになった。 This "...
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1answer
268 views

Word order in a comparative sentence

The original sentence was interrogative and used「AはBよりC」construction in it 九州では東京よりさくらが早くさきますか。 I could have written something, using simpler constructions but I decided to use the construction ...
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114 views

の: nominalization vs. 'the one that…'

の can be used as a noun with a relative clause in what appears to be two separate situations. Referring to a thing or person, e.g. '来たのは田中です。' ('The one who came is Tanaka.') Nominalizing a verb (as ...
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1answer
87 views

What is the function of のは in this question?

きさまがこの時代に来てタマゴからそうなるまで3年間かかったのは...?
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1answer
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Can you use the が particle in a sentence asking 何ですか?

I've read that が is the particle used when asking a question, but then I see sentences like 一番好きな本はなんですか or 一番いい先生はだれですか. Is there a reason why が is not used in this type of sentence, or is the rule ...
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What does なら mean in this sentence? I don't understand

I just got genki 2 and I don't understand what it means about なら. I heard it meant "if" from Tae Kim but it says A statement of the form "noun A なら predicate X" says that the predicate X applies ...
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2answers
101 views

もう and けど in one sentence

How do もう and けど work in the bold sentence? ー日本のガイド・ブックはありませんか。 ーはい、こちらです。 ーもう少しくわしい本の方がいいんですけど。 ーそうですか。それでは、こちらがいかがですか。 ーじゃ、これをおねがいします。 I think it means something like "but a ...
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“と” plus a clause — but what is it doing? [duplicate]

I have a question about a passage in an article I'm reading. For context, here's the passage: 仕事はご縁。もちろん求められていることができる能力がなければ元も子もないが、そこさえクリアしていれば、あとは相性だったりタイミングだったりする。そんなご縁が転がっているかもしれないと、...
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1answer
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Variations in polite negations: ありません, ないです, -ません

Negations that consistently take -ない in the plain form show differences in the polite version: 食べない -> 食べません で(は)ない -> で(は)ありません but 大きくない -> 大きくないです Why the inconsistency? Is it due to history?
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Japanese grammar question regarding そちら and あちら? [duplicate]

I have just started learning the Japanese language and got stumbled upon the usage of these two words: そちら and あちら。I understand their meaning and how they are to be used, but the question that I have ...
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1answer
117 views

ここからさきにはゆかせぬ sentence breakdown

In Castlevania Rondo of Blood, Death fight starts with him saying those words. Now I'm trying to figure out exactly what that means and grammar rules used in this sentence. Here's where I'm at: ここ|から|...
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~ば vs ~ていれば in counterfactual conditionals

In l'électeur's answer here, he claims (with such confidence that he bolds the belief) that the correct way to say the English sentence "If I had turned right back then, I wonder what would have ...
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1answer
96 views

Using 言う and ても to mean “even if you say”

I was trying to say something similar to "even if you tell me to not look, I will look", so my initial guess was something along those lines: 「見ないで」と言っても見る。 I was under the impression that Xて-form + ...
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1answer
99 views

Understanding of 働かせ in the sentence below

I came across the following sentence: 4000万円までは借金を膨らませて働かせ、5000万円になると自殺するのでそれ以上の借金はさせない How 働かせ is understood in this context? It looks like an imperative form of 働かす, but the imperative form over ...
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1answer
107 views

の and のです. What’s their semantic purpose and meaning?

So, I've reached a spoken language topic and encountered difficulties with understanding those particles that are used in spoken language. Particularly with の. My book says that, for example, の ...
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28 views

Understanding やっぱり [duplicate]

Please, can someone explain in any sentence how to use やっぱり, everything would be helpful!
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1answer
125 views

The particle へ in 山へ面している

tl;dr: Should へ be replaced with に here? I was reading Imabi and found the following example: 小屋は山へ面している。 As far as I know, へ is used with motion verbs especially when transition from one (...
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Adverb modifying ありたい

So I know that when an i-adjective like 速い becomes an adverb to modify a verb you have to change the い to く, like 速く走る (to run quickly). I'm having trouble understanding the grammar in 強くありたい. I ...
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2answers
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what does「デカいヤマをあてること」mean?

As someone with little to no knowledge on japanese, I've cracked my brain as to unfurl this passage's meaning. Here's the full sentence: 夢は「デカいヤマをあてること」 夢は roughly being "What's your dream?" or ...
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1answer
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Why using です in katakana?

This question might sound stupid but it got me thinking for some hours. A friend bought me this gel pen from a Japanese store in my country, and it is written in the pen: かわいいデス instead of かわいいです ...
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1answer
140 views

Understanding 絵に描いたように

そんな絵に描いたように満ち足りたダーズリー家にも、たった一つ秘密があった。 In the Dursley family, who were the very picture of contentment, there was just one secret. My translation of そんな絵に描いたように満ち足りた is purely a guess based on Jisho'...
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2answers
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whats the difference between て言ってた vs ように言われた

I have learned recently that ように can be used for advice, command, ask and so on. my question is, there is a difference between て言ってた and ように言われた? for example, there is a difference between these two ...
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1answer
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Understanding ある

This may be an easy question for the all of you. I saw somewhere a form of ある which was written as あるな and had the same meaning. I've only heard the form あります and that's it. What does あるな then mean?
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1answer
108 views

How is とかいた being used in this sentence?

I'm continuing my quest to translate an episode of Terrace House for study purposes.. Naturally I have questions.. This question in particular is in regards to a phrase I got stuck on the tail-end of....
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1answer
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What is the difference between ではありません and 〜くない

I am not sure when ではありません and 〜くない are used. I was given the sentence この赤いかばんは大きいではありません (as in "this red bag is not big") and I am not sure why この赤いかばんは大きくないです was not used. Could anyone explain? ...
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136 views

Understanding ように

How does ように in this sentence work? 忘れた物を取りに帰るように As far as I understand, ように goes after 帰る make the sentence means " I take what is lost in order to go back " but It would make more sense if it ...
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1answer
70 views

Utilising というのは

I am trying to write an ambiguous/evasive sentence. The sentence is: [PERSON A],もしかして,あの人は一緒に,というのは,[PERSON B]ー To the effect of "Person A, is it possible, that you and that person, that is to say, ...
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1answer
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Meaning of 有難 with missing ending

Context: the manager of a boxing gym is arguing with a strong but problematic boy (問題児, he is arrogant and often violently beats other trainees) named Kamishiro and his trainer-sister that train in ...
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160 views

Can みたい refer to a clause in the past?

I was thinking the other day that one of the differences between みたい and そう (meaning "it seems") is that the first can be bound to a sentence in the past while the second forces the verb of the ...
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170 views

Using のうちに to construct an adverb

For the full text see here. The fourth line from the bottom of the linked text is: イヤリングをつけ終わると、無意識のうちに、ドアの耳に口をよせた。 When he'd finished attaching the earring he unconsciously put his mouth to the ...
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1answer
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Using まで together with a negative connotation 帰らないつもりです in a sentence

I am referring Minna no Nihongo 2, Chapter 31 Mondai section. The sentence pair is: Q:夏休みに国へかえりますか。 A:いいえ、クリスマスまで帰らないつもりです。 It would be great if you can tell me why the answer is 帰らないつもりです ...
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2answers
118 views

What does 気が遠くなるほど mean?

神々は何度も何度も何度も, 気が遠くなるほどサイコロを振りました. Having hard time fully understanding this sentence. Especially this part 「気が遠くなるほど」, or how it affects 「気が遠くなる」. My translation would be something along the lines of ...
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2answers
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Grammar: te + verb + shimashita

1) ごはんを食べて、ねました。 2) あさおきて、新聞を読みました。 I was wondering, if the part [食べて] and [おきて] are also past tense, because of [~ました]. So the correct translation would be [I went to bed, after I ate.] or is it [...
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Confusing sentence (~た次第です, passive speech as active, etc)

Note: I sought out uses of 次第 on other posted questions but didn't find anything that fits here. There's a sentence in the introduction to 日本語文法ハンドブック (a book written for teachers of beginning ...
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0answers
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Please Explain the Grammer Pattern and use of 見てんの [duplicate]

Studying Terrace House subtitles. In Episode 1, someone says: どういう気持ちで見てんの? (please correct the following assumptions in case I'm wrong) I understand どういう to be どう言う or "What would you say of" 気持ちで ...
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1answer
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Question about the particular use of 'か'

今日かあした来てください。 (Please, come today or tomorrow) 行くか行かないか、わかりません。(Go or not, I don't know) I guess in these two cases 'か' means 'or', but why is there no 'か' after 'あした'. In example 2 there is a 'か' ...
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1answer
69 views

How to state facts in Japanese?

I was wondering if stating facts in an essay was usually done by using the ます form of an verb, or the ている form? I learned that the て form is, among other things, used to describe state of being of ...
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0answers
72 views

Why can「うんざり」be used directly preceding「だ」/「です」?

I recently came across 「うんざり」(which dictionaries describe as an "adverb" and "する-verb"), and cannot figure out why it works in sentences where it directly precedes 「だ」/「です」. An example is: 「...
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1answer
92 views

What`s the meaning of のを and だと in this text?

** この羽織は、三輪田のお光さんのおっかさんが織ってくれたのを、紋付に染めて、お光さんが縫い上げたものだと、母の手紙に長い説明がある. ** I can grasp the overall meaning: in mom's letter there is a long explanation about the fact that omitsu's mother wove a ...
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1answer
73 views

What does とみる mean here?

The sentence in question: 現場の海域や付近の海岸では、これまでにも北朝鮮から来たと見られる木造船がたびたび見つかっていて、海上保安部は2人が北朝鮮から来たとみて、さらに詳しく調べています。 For full context, see here. My attempt at translation: "At the actual spot in the ...