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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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「私はジョンにラジオを貸した遣りました.」は、違いますか? [closed]

この文は訳して見たが、全然わからない。 "I lent John a/my radio." でも、「て-やる」は、「貸して遣りました」と思った。
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How do I determine if an indefinite pronoun requires a particle?

I've been trying to determine if there is a rule for when indefinite pronouns (何か, だれでも、 etc.) require a particle. It seems like if the required particle is を or が, it gets "absorbed" into the ...
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「って云って下さい」に関する質問

..つい電話口で洩らしてしまった。 「今日は岡本へ行かなければならないから、そちらへは参りませんって云って下さい」 それで病院の方を切った彼女は、すぐ岡本へかけ易えて、今に行ってもいいかと聞き合せた。そうして最後に呼び出した津田の妹へは、彼の現状を一口報告的に通じただけで、また宅へ帰った。... -夏目漱石『明暗』より 質問は、 「彼女」は津田の妻「お延」ですか。 ...
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A little clarification about 呼んでくる

1)What is the meaning of the てくる form in this specific case?(I more or less know the meanings of てくる but I can't tell which one is used in 呼んでくる) 2)Does it imply going somewhere or this action can be ...
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Could Vた-form be an adjective?

In the following sentence: 割れた彗星の一部は隕石となって、日本に落下。 Though it sounds strange and amateurish, I see 割れた as an adjective for 彗星. So what is the grammatical role of 割れた in this sentence? and if it is ...
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What does the 'ga' at the front of 'ga hanasemasu' do?

I have just learnt that 'hanasemasu' means 'to speak' and that 'ga hanasemasu' means roughly the same. On Google Translate, 'hanasemasu' comes up as 'able to speak' and 'ga hanasemasu' comes up as 'I ...
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Verb form for titles and section headings

I read this question and realised that I don't know what the natural way to make a title/section heading is. Supposing I had a section in a science report which was "Designing the experiment". What ...
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The purpose of using 思う with たり

I am familiar with たり when used for multiple actions. In the following sentence 人は どんな環境にも慣れるんだ と…思ったりする (The man is thinking to himself and this is his conversation with himself) How the use ...
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Meaning of 〜しては

I'm trying to understand the definition of 踏んだり蹴ったり at this site. ... 何故「踏んだり蹴ったり」というのかというと、踏んだり蹴ったりな目にあった当人が踏まれたり蹴られたりするからではなく踏んだり蹴ったりしては嫌なものをそうしてしまった、ということからだといわれる。 My confused translation: ...
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What's the meaning of “と言いうるほどに”?

I'm having some trouble understanding the "と言いうるほどに" grammar in the following excerpt from Natsume Soseki's Sanshiro. Does this mean something like: "to the point of being able to say (danger, danger, ...
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が following an i-adj

Seeing 「欲しいが仮眠する」* by a non-native for "I want to take a nap" I thought it is plainly grammatically wrong, but then after encountering 可愛いが in a video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MVmv_wyU-Ug&...
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The use and difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う

I am having problem understanding the difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う。  As for んじゃないかと思った, I found the following examples:"忘れているんじゃないかと思った" and "間に合わないんじゃないかと思った"。 Moreover, in regards ...
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Meaning of もひとり at the start of a sentence

Two kids enter a classroom and see a stranger sat at the desk of one of them. The one whose desk it is starts crying: そしてその机といったらまったくこの泣いた子の自分の机だったのです。もひとりの子ももう半分泣きかけていましたが、... For that desk was ...
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Grammatic relationships inside a sentence - parsing

once again I need again your help: I have this sentence and also its translation (same auther/text as here) : まだどこにも兆{きざ}していない死苦{しく}が、感覚{かんかく}を灼{や}けた鉄{てつ}のように真赤{まっか}に鍛{きた}えてくれるのを感{かん}じた。 I think I ...
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Various meanings of どうですか?

This was a while back so I forget what the situation was exactly. I was asking an employee for help at a Bic Camera. If I recall correctly, I was asking something like "Are there other keyboards ...
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What is the difference between 〜るも and 〜ても

In grammar textbooks I see the 〜ても pattern clearly defined, but recently I've encountered a similar usage of も that I can't find a good explanation for. Here are two examples: 国民栄誉賞を打診されるもこれを固辞 (...
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Sentence with でできる

According to Tobira textbook (Lesson 1, grammar point 1), {で / から} できる is used to express "to be made from" when generic statements, while {で / から} できている is used to express "to be made from" when ...
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Usage of いっぱい in this sentence

a) 日光は運動場いっぱいでした。 b) 日光は運動場がいっぱいでした。 c) 運動場は日光でいっぱいでした。 The sports field was filled with sunlight. a) is the original sentence from my book. I've been warned that the author is a bit loose ...
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Meaning of noun + のくらい in this sentence

教室はたった一つでしたが生徒は三年生がないだけで、あとは一年から六年までみんなありました。 It was a single classroom but, with the exception of third year students, it had everyone from year one to year six. 運動場もテニスコートのくらいでしたが、...
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Use of Verbとして in these examples

Speaker talking about his new classmates on on the first day of a new school year. 男とは追々仲良くやっていくとして、やはり気になるのは女子陣だ。 Getting on good terms with the guys _____、 as expected, what i'm really ...
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question about the use of に to mark location in this dictionary entry

2 related excepts from 月鏡 on に regarding location (Ⅰ)動作・作用の成立に深く関わる場所を表す。 ㋐存在の場所や所有する者を表す。「机の上に本がある」「母は部屋にいる」「この公園に砂場がない」「彼には子供が三人いる」「彼女には責任感が欠けている」 「?道ばたに犬が死ぬ」「?ベッドに男が眠る」のように、動詞だけでは「に」...
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見事なまでに what does it mean?

見事なまでに制服姿の人間はいなかった。 I stumbled upon this sentence in a game i was playing. As I know まで is a particle, so I dont understand what it means. I've tried searching in the dictionary, but to no luck. All ...
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んです for asking for permission

いいんですか。 いいですか。 Both sentences translate to "Is is OK?" (context: It is OK if I take this umbrella?) According to my textbook, んです is used for explanations. But in this context someone is ...
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How to use 方 correctly

Please read the passage: 四山市のごみの捨て方をお知らせします。4つのごみ箱があります。そして、捨てる日が違います。また、捨てる所も決まっています。注意してください。 Why should we say 捨てる日 and 捨てる所, but 捨て方?(方 is a noun too, just like 日 and 所) + Why don't they use ...
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と思います vs. と思っています

Consider the following sentences: 引越しをして本当に良かったと思います。 引越しをして本当に良かったと思っています。 If I use と思います, does the sentence become more formal?
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Why is it necessary to add く in the following なる sentence?

This is the full sentence: お酒を飲みすぎると、気持ち悪くなる。 なる here means "to reach a certain state." The rest is easy to translate. The only thing that confuses me is く. What does it mean here and why is it ...
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How do I figure out what the implied subject is?

I was doing some JLPT N2 practice and I came across this: あのう、山本先生でいらっしゃいますか。私、先日、先生の講演会で( )鈴木と申します。 1 ご覧になった 2 お会いになった 3 お目にかかった 4 お伺いした My thinking: Some form of 会った should ...
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Usage of the verb 続く in past tense

From this article 日本では、スポーツの選手がコーチなどから暴力やパワーハラスメントを受ける問題が続きました。 The problem of sportsmen receiving violence and harassment from coaches in Japan continued. I don't understand why 続く is written ...
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Opposite of ずにはいられない

What is the opposite of "ずにはいられない "? I would like to write the following sentence patterns: 憂鬱な日には、お酒を飲まずにはいられないと思う人がいる。 私は、彼ら達とは逆に、憂鬱な日だからと言って、お酒を飲むのが必要ということにはならないと思います。 Is there a more elegant ...
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How to use 方が良い correctly

Searching for 方{ほう}が良{よ}い in the dictionary, the answer is: (after past tense verb) had better (verb) (after negative verb) had better not (verb) and yet, in a conversation, I hear the ...
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How to use '頭を下がる' or '頭が下がる' literally to indicate bowing?

According to my study material, '頭が下がる' means to be respect someone (especially for something so good, you cannot imitate it). Obviously it stems from the fact that lowering your head = bow=respect. ...
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How to interpret 礼にならない and ~にならない in general

Conversation after B saved A, A bought some drinks A: それじゃ、助けてもらった礼にならない。 well, this is totally not gratitude for saving me (= i will do more to thank you?) B: べつに、お礼して欲しくて、助けた訳じゃないし。 ...
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Meaning of と思い mid sentence [duplicate]

I came across と思い mid-sentence in the example below: 大切なことをぜひお知らせしたいと思い伯父さんとともにお訪ねしてみました。 Is this the shortened form of think, or is the 思い operating as a second known entirely? Thanks.
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Difference between もうひとつの, 別の and ほかの

I read this sentence in another post: でも貝のかんじにもうひとつのいみをつけます。 But we will assign another meaning to the kanji 貝. Putting aside any other problems with this sentence, I feel that もう一つ isn't the ...
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flexibility of meaning between 恋に破れる vs 血に飽きた

A more specific question regarding a reply i got from a more long winded question. Hopefully i can expand this to other situations. Aくんも私と同じように、恋に破れて泣く日が来るんだろうか ~に破れる means either "to be ...
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Difference in sentences (と and に)

I'm having a little trouble understanding the difference in these two contexts. What would be the difference between these two sentences. 友達に晩ご飯を食べました 友達と晩ご飯をたべました My understanding is that ...
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repeated verb in 雪が降りに降っていました [duplicate]

I have recently encountered this construction: 雪{ゆき}が降{ふ}りに降{ふ}っていました Someone translated it as "The snow was falling in waves." After some research, I discovered similar constructions with ...
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Difference between には…がある and は…がある

I would like to know which is the difference between には...がある and は...がある to express possession. For example, which would be the difference between 彼には友人をつくる才能がある。 and 彼は友人をつくる才能がある。 Or between ...
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「です」, what is it really? Is my analysis correct?

At an elementary level, often, Japanese learners are taught that です is equivalent to the verb "to be" in English. Typical example: 私は学生です, I am a student. That's fine, after all, it works. And to ...
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What does もらえる mean in this sentence ?

Here's an excerpt from the article I am reading (link to the article): あくまで私の個人的な評価ではありますが、この中からあなたのお気に入りの本がきっと見つかるはずですよ!また、今回取り上げる本は文庫版がほとんどなので気軽に買って読んでもらえる作品ばかりです。 Last line is where I am stuck ...
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Distinguishing between 'on' and 'above'

世界のルールで、島は水より上に出ていなければならないと決まっています。 World rules determine that an island must stick out above the water. In this sentence 水より上 clearly means 'above the water', but when I look in bilingual ...
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1answer
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Nominalizing particle combos

I'm curious about the use of certain particles in combination with nominalizing particles こと and の。I know ことが、のは、etc are acceptable, but can one use particles such as と or など etc? For instance, would ...
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What does “ 飲まずにはいられなかった” mean in this sentence? [duplicate]

私が部屋に入ったとき彼は水を飲んでいた。その顔の蒼さが、水を飲まずにはいられなかったことを示していた。
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Grammar of プレッシャーに晒される

不条理な暴力によるプレッシャーに晒される after some searching, I also found these sentences: 絶え間ないプレッシャーにさらされる 来る日も来る日もプレッシャーにさらされる プレッシャーに晒す, as far as i can tell, you a transitive verb can't take noun+に ...
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Keep doing an action using っぱなし

I'm currently learning about っぱなし. My grammar book (Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar) says that when the verb is intransitive it means 'keep doing' but when the verb is transitive it means '...
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What is the difference between 傾向がある and 傾向にある?

彼はストレスに弱い傾向にある。 He tends to be weak against stress. 彼は他人をばかにする傾向がある。He is apt to ridicule others.
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Meaning of A Sentence Using 降り止んだ

I came across this phrase: いつのまに降り止んだ 雨上がり煌めき出す街 And I don't understand the grammar behind the word 降り止んだ. I've seen two translations for it: "Without anyone noticing, the rain let up. With ...
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2answers
104 views

The Word ま By Itself

What does ま mean in this sentence? いつのまに[降]{ふ}り[止]{や}んだ Bonus question: What is the function of の in this sentence?
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How to make sense of 呪縛から解放されるウソという名の魔法

I'm having problem figuring out the idea or meaning of a sentence while reading manga. The context is that a character A told someone (character B) a big lie, and influenced by that lie, B started to ...
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70 views

立ってそばを食べる vs 立ちながらそばを食べる

I have a question about grammar and usage. Please help. たち食いそば屋は、座らないで「?」そばを食べる店です。 The question is what grammar form should be inserted there. My book answer is 立って not 立ちながら. But what is wrong ...