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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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What is the difference between て phrase ending verbs and nominalized verb-stem phrase ending verbs? [duplicate]

For example in the sentence 政府は学校や病院を建設し、教師や医療スタッフの訓練も始めた。What's the difference in the first phrase ending in 建設し rather than 建設して?
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159 views

~ ないで for 'without doing ~' and 'don't ~'

I know that if you use ~ないで after a verb it could either mean "without doing ~verb" as 何も見えないで (without seeing anything) or it could mean "don't do ~" as 見つめないで (don't stare at me). How can know when ...
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role of -られ, -し, and construction of the phrase

Trying to translate a song lyric and was caught off guard by this sentence: 雨に降られ行き場なくしなんの罰さ?と空を睨む I feel like I get the gist of it, but uncertain that my parsing is accurate so far. Here's what ...
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1answer
64 views

Help a translating this phrase

I was reading a manga and the grammar of this phrase kinda confused me: 今日三条くんの会社からなかったことにしてくれって連絡あったらしくて。 For context, the character is saying this to a second character about a third character's ...
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115 views

Can だ be left off in informal sentences?

In declarative statements I’ve gathered that saying just 「これ新聞だ」for example would be too forward or a bit aggressive. So could you just say 「これ新聞」or even just 「新聞」for informal sentences? I understand ...
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131 views

Expressing that something is multiple things at the same time (e.g. “She is an artist and a poet”)

How does one express multiple states of equality? (Probably the wrong terminology.) For example, "She is an artist and a poet" in Japanese. I know です can be used to show equality. For example:「彼女{...
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143 views

How does が mark the subject in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the way が is used in the following sentence: すると、難しい講義を聞いた後では平均123ミリグラムも上がった血糖値が、面白い話を聞いて笑った後では、平均77ミリグラムしか上がらなかったという結果が出たそうです。 In this case I believe it is a "subject " ...
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839 views

便利な工具 what does な means

What does the な in the center means.Is it a particle.
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2answers
368 views

拈得せん in a writing by Genkaku

水中に月を捉ふ爭でか拈得せん What does 拈得せん mean there? Is some classical construction? I cant quite find an explanation for it
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2answers
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What is the verbかけ- form used ? If any examples then please explain

Which sentence is correct for example,"They didn't call me/invited me for the meeting!" I tried to making below sentences but i am not sure which one is correct(or no one): 私を会議に招待していません。/ ...
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What is the function of は in the context?

Previously, I learnt basic expressions like “アダムさんは先生です。”,”アダムさんは医者ですが。” I thought は functions like “am/is/are” in English. But when I start learning Japanese verb this morning, I got a bit confused. ...
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What are some special ways to use よく besides “often” and “well”?

I’ve seen よく used in a variety of contexts outside of the basic “often” and “well”. 「よくよくのことがないと実家には帰らない。」 「よく聞いたら試験は、明日だった。」 「よく言うよ!」 Just a few examples. What are some different ways it can be ...
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Could you help me understand the use of くれ in this example?

I'm new to Japanese Stack Exchange. I've been studying Japanese with Rocket Japanese for the past two months and would love to have a resource to ask for some advice and guidance when I spend far too ...
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2answers
1k views

How do you say “or” at the beginning of a sentence?

For example, if I was saying something like “Did you buy the groceries?” and then I wanted to add “Or do you want me to?” how would I translate the “or” at the beginning? Another example: “Do you ...
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1answer
153 views

っていうことになったんですけど - meaning?

I had just received a somewhat rushed 'transliteration' of a 1 minute video. To me, Shigeru Miyamoto speaks in a way which is extremely difficult to understand. I am adding the full transcript just ...
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1answer
197 views

のです abbreviated to んで?

「いろんな種類あるんで。」 Is this just an abbreviation of のです? Or is it supposed to be ので? I’ve seen んで a handful of times so I thought I would ask about it!
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What does “ようと” usually imply in news articles?

Quoted from a Sample Article 日本は、中国やロシアと隣接し、豊富なエネルギー資源がある中央アジアへの関与を強めようと、平成16年から定期的に外相会合を開いています。 In my understanding, this article says that Japan is thought to have ambition in getting involved ...
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192 views

Why is こと used in 「私に何かできること」?

How does it turn this into a noun clause? All I get from it is “I can do something” but I don’t see where こと fits in.
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How to say “if a is happening or b is happening” using たら?

If I wanted to say: If I am cooking or washing clothes, please help. 料理をしている[or]洗濯していたら、手伝ってください。 I know sometimes か is used to mean "or", but wouldn't that be confused with the question of ...
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1answer
186 views

Saying “and” with two different clauses?

I’ve seen a few threads about saying “and” but I’m not sure what to do if there’s a time element in the second clause. For example, I want to say “I just woke up and I work later.” Would that be 「...
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What this phrase “そういうつもりで” mean?

I found this phrase from a short manga strip. Man: ミチ子さん その金はもしかして... Woman: 元々はあなたの金です。どうぞお取りください。 Man: え? Man: そういうつもりであげた金ではありません!それにこれを取ったらもうおわりってことですよね。 Woman: そうおっしゃらずに。 Man: ...
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Meaning of とか and こう in context なんかお店とかに、こう歩ってて

なんかお店とかに、こう歩ってて、なんかっす、こう、スベッ、スベッて転んだことが。痛い! What is the meaning of こう how it’s used in this context? And what is the purpose of とか?I know なんか is similar to “like” and っす is short for です so it seems ...
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How to say “that” as in “the cow that ate” in Japanese?

I'm sure there are plenty of resources on this topic, but I don't know what keywords to use to find them. I want to know how you might create a noun by saying that the noun does something. For ...
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1answer
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What's the difference between “認められておらず” and “認められず”?

防衛省によりますと、日米地位協定では日本人従業員がアメリカ軍施設の外に銃を持ち出すことは認められておらず、銃刀法違反の疑いがあるということです。 Quoted from NHK Web News Does it make any difference if I replace "認められておらず" with "認められず"?
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1answer
111 views

これから in the middle of a sentence?

I was reading an NHK Easy News article today about the measles outbreak and came across this sentence: 厚生労働省{こうせいろうどうしょう}は、4月{がつ}の終{お}わりから5月{がつ}の初{はじ}めの休{やす}みの間{あいだ}に、はしかのウイルスがうつった人{ひと}は、これから熱{ねつ}...
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2answers
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When should I use は?

あれは何ですか what’s that? 今何時ですか what time is it now? I learnt these two sentences from a Japanese learning app. I am confused why the first sentence uses は whereas the second doesn’t. The English ...
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1answer
71 views

う/る+ことになる construction

So, I have an exercise which has 3 sets of sentences. The 1st one is supposed to be translated using ことになる, the 2nd - using ことになった, and the 3rd - ことになっている. The construction itself is pretty ...
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1answer
81 views

Asking informal questions with 何

how do you form informal questions with 何 and without ですか? would 何 just go at the end? 「あなたの大好きな季節何?」 and is it appropriate to leave off です or だ with な adjectives and nouns? i’ve seen 〜なの?used, but ...
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Using 何 with the general counter ~つ

Is there a way to use 何 with the general counter ~つ to ask "how many..." in the same vein as in sentences like "何歳ですか。" or "本は何冊買いましたか。"? If not, how do you ask something like "How many ideas do you ...
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1answer
101 views

Help with grammar of this sentence

I'm not sure about some aspects of the grammar in this sentence: 総会のあと、公明党大阪府本部の佐藤代表は、記者団に対し、都構想そのものへの賛否は白紙だとしたうえで、「法定協議会が再開されれば、いい協定書を作れるよう前向きに協力していくというのがわれわれのスタンスだ」と述べました。 Here is my attempted ...
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Is it possible to use the 〜たい form with the particle が instead of を? [duplicate]

For example, 寿司【すし】を食【た】べたい。 寿司【すし】が食【た】べたい。 If it is possible, then what is the difference in meaning or nuance? Thank you.
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What is the purpose of the か in this sentence?

「僕達はあなたがどれほど頑張っているか心配です」 I know that 「か」in the middle of a sentence can be used for embedded questions or as "or," but I don't see any of that here.
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Can you answer the question 何を飲みますか? with 水です。?

It doesn’t seem that natural, as 水です seems to mean “It is water”, rather than a shorter form of 水を飲みます.
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What does か at the end of the headline signify? [duplicate]

米追加関税第4弾 3805品目対象、スマホも 措置発動は6月下旬以降か I understand this as, "The USA has added additional tarrif/tax on 3805 articles/products (according to bullet point 4), which includes smartphones. To be put into ...
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2answers
272 views

Help understanding this line - usage of くれる

I'm a bit confused when trying to understand the second line in the below. To add a bit of context to help, the main character has traveled back in time, so that he can stop something bad from ...
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1answer
120 views

How is Volitional + と used in these sentences?

In these sentences, I don't understand this particular use of volitional + と. It seems that it's interchangeable with ように or ために in these cases. But I've never seen Volitional + と used like this. ...
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Using ダメ with なくては?

I read that しなくてはダメ means “to have to do something” but someone said ダメ cannot be used with なくては to mean “have to”. I get different answers from different sources, both being Japanese speakers. What ...
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1answer
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Expressing “to” - stuff to do, a movie to see, etc

how would this use of “to” be expressed in japanese? There are three new movies to see at the theater! We have more food to eat.
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1answer
99 views

Function of と in Xと人気になる

青森県鰺ヶ沢町の店にいる雄の犬の「わさお」は、10年前にインターネットで紹介されて、ライオンのように長い毛と小さな目がかわいいと人気になりました。 Wasao, a male dog in a shop in xxx was shown on the internet ten years ago and, with cute lion-like fur and small eyes, ...
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1answer
92 views

How to say phrases “Can you repeat that” and “can we go to the next question”?

I have a speaking exam coming up and I'm feeling mostly prepared, but after there's an unprepared conversation part which we're also graded on. It's with my teacher but luckily keigo isn't necessary. ...
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1answer
98 views

Saying “I don’t have to…”

would this be 〜なくていい? I don’t have to study - 勉強しなくていい?
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0answers
63 views

Difference between なきゃand なくちゃ [duplicate]

i understand that they’re short forms of なければ and なくて but i don’t understand the different nuances between them. thanks! ex. 勉強しなきゃ。 vs 勉強しなくちゃ。
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Function of と when used with 続く

I don't understand the function of と when used with と続きます From this sentence in my textbook: 世界で一番インスタントラーメンをたくさん食べる国は中国で451.7億食、その次はインドネシアの137.0億食、日本の51.0億食、アメリカの43.2億食、ベトナムの39.1億食、韓国の33....
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2answers
183 views

What does らん in 「強からん事を祈る」 mean?

I came across this sentence while reading Osamu Dazai's Ningen Shikkaku. The sentence is pretty long, so I have only included the relevant part. あまりに人間を恐怖している人たちは、かえって、もっともっと、...
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1answer
131 views

Understanding 自分は in this sentence (and other potential gross misunderstandings)

受話器を置き、口ひげをなでながら、ダーズリー氏は考えた。 He put the receiver down and, while stroking his moustache, Mr Dursely thought. ———まさか、自分はなんて愚かなんだ。 I'm being stupid I'm really stuck on the line ...
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0answers
63 views

Differences between “even if”/“no matter (how much)” structures: としても, ところで, ~ようが/と

I've encountered several forms that mean both "even if" (might be used for example with たとえ), and "no matter (how much)" (used with どんなに, いくら, etc). ~ても ~としても ~ところで ~ようが/と The only difference ...
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2answers
129 views

I need some help understanding the grammar of しのげそうな in この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され

I can understand the gist of what the below sentence is saying; but the part in the first section that's only hiragana (bolded part) is confusing me. この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 I ...
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1answer
129 views

Sentences without topic particles?

how common is it for there to be sentences like 「私、死んでるよ!」or 「これ、怖い」? is it super informal? any guidelines on when to speak like this?
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2answers
113 views

Usage of こいつ, あいつ, etc

When can I use こいつ, あいつ, etc? I’ve seen that they can mean he/she/this/that in various contexts but when is it appropriate to use them versus 彼 or 彼女?
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1answer
87 views

Meaning of 文字起こし? [closed]

話し合って、らいあんさんにはエンディング、オープニング、エフェクトなどの編集をお願いします!もう1人お願いする方がいて、その人に文字起こしなどお願いすることになりました! I am working as a video editor for my client and I understand the first sentence, but I am having difficulty ...