Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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3
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1answer
116 views

Use of “いかん” in the following sentences

とは思うのだが、口に出すわけにもいかんか。My personal translations would be these: Those are my thoughts on that (previous statement), so I might as well say it out loud. and 出動後はそうはいかんぞ。。。 "but after they move out, ...
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3answers
927 views

How do I add an object to noun を します verbs?

When you want to associate a noun を します action (what English-speakers would call "verbing a noun") with a specific noun, what particles are used and where? For example, if I was saying "I study", you ...
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1answer
292 views

~なけりゃ or ~なきゃ, how to know which one to use?

風邪を引いたから薬を早く飲まなきゃ I know that generally, eba contracts to ya (答えれば → 答えりゃ) (おけば →  おきゃ) If the original form in this sentence is 飲まな[ければ]{ll}ならない.いけない how shall we choose between 飲まなきゃ and 飲まなけりゃ?
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1answer
171 views

Is this sentence correct? courtesy/honorific use of the passive

総理大臣【そうりだいじん】はヨーロッパを訪問【ほうもん】されたくさんの国々の大統領【だいとうりょう】に会われた。 "The prime minister visited Europe and met the presidents of various countries". され is as this to link the phrase right? Why use "を" as if ...
3
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1answer
145 views

Use of 以上 and 以下 with negative numbers

On the temperature in eastern Russia: 気温がいつもの年より10℃以上低い-50℃以上になっている所がたくさんあります。 There are many places that have reached less than -50℃, which is 10℃ lower than usual years. Firstly, I was ...
3
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1answer
484 views

なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの?

なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの? For me, なくちゃいけないの sounds like double negative being used here.
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2answers
1k views

Sentence ending に and のに compared to their non-sentence-ending form

Consider these: [A] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来ただろうに [B] 僕はいい仕事があったら美智子さんと結婚出来たのに Is に in [A] related to the case particle に? Is のに in [B] related to the use of のに as a conjunction in mid-sentence?...
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1answer
457 views

Do the adverbial forms of verbs and nouns exist?

I know there are adverbial forms of: adjectives (Adj), 形容詞{けいようし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 早い→早く); adjectival nouns (AdjN), 形容動詞{けいようどうし} (連用形{れんようけい} - 上手だ→上手に). Are there adverbial forms of nouns (名詞{...
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1answer
593 views

What is the difference between Vてはじめる and はじめてV meaning?

例えば: 1.子供のとき、コーヒーをはじめて飲みました。 2.子供のとき、コーヒーを飲んではじめました。 I think both mean "When I was a child, I started/tried to drink coffee." And how do I say "I drink coffee for the first time"?
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416 views

Question about もらう

As I learned, we can use もらう like this 「私は彼女に弁当を作ってもらいました。」, where noun before に(から) - giver and は(etc.) - reciever. But I saw sentence like 「もっとも・・・・・・そんな風になっちまった以上は、因縁なんざ意味がないだろう。悪いが俺に譲ってもらうぜ」 ...
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1answer
154 views

Is the の in this question seeking an explanation or changing the verb into a noun-like?

So in the question sentences: 誰が盗んだのか キミが選んだことだろう? In (1.), I thought that the の there is seeking an explanation. But I found another sentence (2.) and I know that こと can follow a verb and 物 ...
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2answers
151 views

What is 所があるじゃない in this context?

In this sentence (from a manga), what does 所があるじゃない stand for? I don't seem to understand the grammar behind it. それにしても鬼灯尹も結構可愛い所があるじゃないか。 (I mean, I know about 所が meaning however, 所がある meaning '...
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2answers
240 views

What does の apply to after a list of items with と?

I've looked around, but I couldn't find an answer for this question. Here's the example phrase that I'm trying to translate that I pulled from a light novel: せりとレタスとキャベツの違い I'm not sure whether ...
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1answer
90 views

How does this sentence work?

For full context, see this document. https://www.docdroid.net/a1B7uAr/img.pdf.html The sentence in question is on Page 2, first sentence from top: いいえ。健康のために少しは外へ出かけてくれたらいいんですが。 The placement of ...
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1answer
95 views

Perspective of “億劫にならない” in this statement

顔面偏差値の差か、それとも日頃の行いのせいか、とにかく翔はいつも通り俺の隣でモテまくる。 まあ今に始まった話じゃないけど、翔のヤツこれでよく色々と億劫にならないな。 Context: 翔 is being popular with the ladies at the moment. Maybe its cuz of his good looks, or how he ...
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905 views

Natural Usage of けれども

In this question before, I tried to produce examples of the usage of けれども (けど, けども). These are those examples: 犬{いぬ}がほえているけれども、だれか外{そと}にいるんじゃない? この地方{ちほう}は寒{さむ}いと聞{き}いたけれども、本当{ほんとう}に毎日{まいにち}冷{ひ}え込{こ}...
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3answers
327 views

Is this sentence correct. (Beginner sentence.) [closed]

私は 二 猫を います。 猫は 一 なまえ  シャドち。 猫 二 なまえ ランジち。 I'm attempting to say, "I have two cats. cat one is named Shadow. Cat two is named randy."
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129 views

Understanding a sentence 〜声が誰のものか

それでも、俺はその繊細な声が誰のものかすぐに気づく。 Does もの here refer to a voice? If so, would there be any difference between the above and the following? それでも、俺はその繊細な声が誰の声かすぐに気づく。 Is it simply to avoid repetition? If ...
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What's the difference between どこ and なん in this exercise?

I have two exercises which I don't exactly understand. I've already known that どちら is more polite form from どこ. This two could ask about place and "what/which one" ."nan" asks about "kind of company", ...
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I need some help understanding the grammar of しのげそうな in この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され

I can understand the gist of what the below sentence is saying; but the part in the first section that's only hiragana (bolded part) is confusing me. この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 I ...
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342 views

Usage of に to indicate purpose

I'm trying to understand the use of に as a particle to indicate the purpose of someone moving to another place to do something. For example, lets say that I want to say "I'm going home to eat dinner." ...
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2answers
146 views

Difference between “verb(past) + こと + ある” and “verb + ている”

I always translate ている as "have verb (past participle)" when refering to resultant state. But that current meaning can also be brought upon by past tense of verb combined together with こと and ある. ...
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1answer
189 views

What does 「そうもいかなくて」 mean in this sentence?

This comes from 新完全マスター読解N2: でも、現実にはなかなかそうもいかなくて、目の前にあるのは希望とはまったく違うものだけれども、転職するのも大変だから、いやいや会社に通っているという人も多いでしょう。 Seems like it may mean something like "it's not like that"? What are the words/...
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2answers
168 views

Which grammar rules are applied when でいい is conjugated to nouns?

"ここに名前を書くだけでいいですか?" means "Is it ok to just write [my] name here?" I'm confused about where でいい comes from. http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/must#part5 is about conjugating ていい /でいい to ...
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1answer
132 views

送ってくれた : Why is both “sending” and “giving” being used together here?

I encountered the sentence: 両親が私にはがきを送ってくれた。 I understand that: 送って translates to a verb meaning "to send", or I assume in this case "sending" due to the "te-form" being used. I also understand ...
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2answers
134 views

How do とは and に/された work in 「N700系とはどこが違う?N700Aに搭載された性能」

I saw this on the cover of a book about trains that was at least similar to a magazine: N700系とはどこが違う? N700Aに搭載された性能 This is a little confusing: とは is used to define things. It is often used ...
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2answers
250 views

Can someone explain how ような is used in this sentence?

Consider this sentence: でもだからこそ強くなれたし、短期留学じゃ経験できなかったような多くのリアルな留学が経験できた。 Someone I asked translated this as: "But that is why I was able to become strong and had a lot of experience through my ...
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1answer
424 views

Problems with そうです in this sentence

留守番電話に伝言入れたのに、それを 聞かなかったそうです 。 So, the problem I have is the following: In my textbook, I learned that ます-stem + そうです means "to seem", like "雨が降りそうです。" Then, dictionary form + そうです means hearsay, ...
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120 views

How is 高めの used and constructed?

example sentence: コレステロールが高めの方の食品 I'd like to know how 高めの is made (verb stem + no?) and how it should be used. I'm guessing the example sentence means "food which heightens your cholesterol". Does 方 ...
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1answer
141 views

What's the grammar behind 〜がいなくて寂しい

I can't understand how いる+寂しい means miss something like in 君がいなくて寂しいよ。
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1answer
274 views

A question concerning どなたかにでも

In a story I was reading, the protagonist was given a reward he didn't want or have use for and the person giving the reward said "では、どなたかにでもあげて下さい。" What does どなたかにでも mean? Is the speaker saying "...
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966 views

Meaning of ~ばいいかな

Recently, I've seen this sentence somewhere: 簡単に入れる大学に入って、いい結婚相手を見つければいいかな。 I'd like to know what is the meaning of the ~ばいいかな construction here - is it merely a "I wonder if..." sentence ("I wonder ...
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1answer
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What's the difference between “な感じ” and “という感じ” when written after quotation marks?

な感じ was crossed out and replaced with という感じ in a sentence that I wrote that was similar to this one: その文には「それは私にはもったいない」 な感じ という感じ があると思う。 I think that sentence has a feeling of "that's more than ...
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1answer
279 views

Question about ね

Once I read that the sentence ending particle "ね" is not only used when we are asking for an agreement or expressing our agreement, but it is also used when we are talking about our experience, our ...
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Te form + はいる question [duplicate]

Watching street commotion from a long distance at night, the vision is blurry: それは見えてはいるけれど、見えていないという状態だ。 My guess is that it translates into "you can call it a situation where (things) can both ...
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1answer
630 views

Different ways to say even

I wanted to say: I don't use Skype. I'm so old fashioned that I don't even have a mobile (cell) phone. This is what I went for: Skypeを使いません。携帯もないほどなかなか懐古的なのです。 Please correct me if any this is ...
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1answer
56 views

Syntax of this sentence

From Line 11: https://www.docdroid.net/847v2dg/img-20170413-0001-new.pdf.html 地図Bは南北を上下ではなく、左右に置いて、作ったものである。 I understand the sentence as follows: "Concerning map B, it is the card he made north and ...
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1answer
874 views

Acceptability of 〜ようとしよう vs. 〜ことにしよう

Question from pg. 55 of 新完全マスター: あさっては大雨【おおあめ】が降【ふ】るそうだよ。ハイキングは来週【らいしゅう】( )。 The choices available are: a. 行【い】こうとしようよ b. 行【い】くことにしようよ c. 行【い】くようになろうよ According to the textbook, the ...
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164 views

Verb in ている form ends with しまう

I'm confused by this sentence: わたしが答える前に急いで川のふちへ歩いていってしまった。 Before I answered he had hurriedly walked to the river side???. 歩いている means walking i.e. progressive form but しまう denotes ...
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2answers
168 views

Why is そんなに the best answer in「(いくら・そんなに・どんなに)笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。」?

Consider the following question from 新完全マスター文法 (N3): ( )笑わなくてもいいじゃありませんか。 a いくら b そんなに c どんなに According to the theory associated with the exercise: いくら should be followed by ~ても/~...
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2answers
231 views

Double negative in sentence “一人くらいは来てくれるんじゃないかな…”

I was wondering about the translation of this sentence: (一人くらいは来てくれるんじゃないかな...) What I see is a double negative and a question. Does someone know if the double negative and question are used to save ...
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2answers
502 views

What does 相手 mean in 「素直な自分をぶつけられる相手」?

I'm confused about how to describe 相手 here. I don't know if it's “partner who can show their true self” or “partner to whom can show your true self”. Also, is the ぶつけられる here like ぶつけることができる? 「...
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2answers
100 views

What does で do in this sentence?

金銭のことで彼と争いになった。 Can someone explain what で does in this sentence? I don't really understand it.
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1answer
149 views

Is 去年に grammatical?

I know the rules regarding when to use に with time expressions and when not to. Or at least, I thought I knew the rules. But I watched an ANN news item about Tsukiji market today, and at one point the ...
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1answer
6k views

“No ga” … — what's this grammar rule?

What are the grammar rules here? 何【なに】をするのが好き【すき】ですか? Nani wo suru no ga suki desu ka? Why "no ga"? Why before "suki"? Where can I read about this?
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0answers
114 views

Can は be used to mean “at least” [duplicate]

As Noguchi walks away from the girls he overhears them whispering something. The narrator says: すると五メートルは離れていたはずなのに、野口さんがピクっと立ち止まった。 And then, even though they expected him to be five metres away,...
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1answer
132 views

Please help with this text

For full context, see here. The section in question: 今日は、日本で長くお暮しの4人の外国の奥様においでいただきました。一番長い方は15年、短い方でも6年はいらっしゃるそうです。その間のご苦労や嬉しかったことなどを伺いたいと思います。 So first, I have some issues with 長くお暮しの4人の外国の奥様. ...
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1answer
91 views

Does this ところ bear the meaning of “thing” here?

For full context, see here: https://www.docdroid.net/XIK9pCk/img-20171020-0001-new.pdf#page=2 The sentence in question is taken from line 31-32: チャイム?あっ, 発車ベルのことですね。少しうるさいところもあるかもしれませんが、日本の乗り物には、...
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1answer
197 views

Can't wrap my mind around this sentence

I'm sorry I can't provide a more specific headline, but it's the overall meaning or the structure of the sentence that I'm struggling with. It's from a manga (Plunderer, vol. 4). Here's the context: ...
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1answer
399 views

ではと - is this a particle?

それは、玉座に繋がれた真祖の姫ではなかった。 彼女は今でもあの間に繋がれたままである。 これは彼女の内面に潜む、彼女と融け合う事を待っている彼女に他ならない。 「はじめましてブリュンスタッド。 こうしてお話をする機会が回ってくるとは思いませんでした。 なにしろ貴方があの様子では、受け継ぐのは姉君ではと危惧していたものですから」 This isn't the ...