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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Basing on~ the differences of these similar meaning words

試験の成績_____、合格か不合格かを決める。 A. に伴って B. に基づいて C. 次第で D. のもとで E. に応じて Which of the following fits the blank space best? They all have similar meanings from how I see it (but definitely different ...
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What is the difference between “verb+て+みる” and “verb+(よ)う+とする”?

In Japanese there are words which mean "to try something or attempt at doing something", e.g. 試す, 試みる and つとめる. However, at the same time we also have two grammatical constructions "verb+て+みる" and "...
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0answers
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いかにも in this sentence

talking about a person involved in the smashing the watermelon blindfolded game このままあえて指示を出さずにいかにもみんな飽きて違うことやってますという状況を作り出すのはどうでしょう How about we create a situation where we don't give her any ...
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1answer
75 views

Can なら be used as “rather than do…” by itself, without くらい?

So instead of 再度感じるくらいなら 死んだほうがマ use 再度感じるなら(むしろ)死んだほうがマジ
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0answers
29 views

What is the grammar for おうと+V [duplicate]

A friend told me: 色んなことをやろうと頑張っていますね。 I know "〜おうとす" as volitive + とする but not the one that replaces する by a random verb. I know it can't be a conditional form 〜と. What is the grammar point of that?
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3answers
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ってことはどっか Usage in プロってことはどっかスポンサーがついてるってことですよね?

In Terrace House, several people are sitting around a table sharing information about themselves and answering questions. One of the guys asks a snow boarder the following question: ...
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0answers
42 views

Translating “(action X) as (event Y)” - what grammatical structure fits best?

I'm a relative beginner to Japanese. I was trying to translate some song lyrics, and I got stuck badly on "shows fear as he turns to hide". If you don't know the song, we are told of one man on a ...
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2answers
98 views

How to say “Next 'ANY_DAY_OF_THE_WEEK'”?

Couldn't find the answer here, so I thought it would be a nice and easy question. Which would be the right way to say "Next 'ANY_DAY_OF_THE_WEEK'"? Eg: Next Monday? 次の月曜日 is fine? Are there any ...
2
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1answer
93 views

What does the の particle do in relation to verbs?

More specifically, what is the difference between 「見るの」 and 「見たの」 in this context: 時々、子供のころの夢を(x)があります。 How does the の particle function? Is its meaning modified by the 「が」 particle as well?
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2answers
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Question regarding conjugation of two verbs with a (-たい)ending

Learning Japanese on my own so i will be using this site as i means to practice and have some questions answered! If you provide the answer in Kanji, if you coul dplease put also the furigana (no ...
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1answer
132 views

what's the difference between 話をする and 話す?

I'm trying to understand the nuances between 話をする and 話す. When is one used over the other? I'm reviewing A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, and it has the following example sentence: ...
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0answers
24 views

Why use で instead of とhere? [duplicate]

冬休みは家族でイタリアやイギリスへ行きました。 This sentence is very simple but I don't understand why で is being used instead of と here.
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1answer
68 views

Usage of で after みんな

これしかないから みんなでどうにかやってきたんだろう In the sentence above, why after みんな, instead of particle は or particle が, particle で is used?
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2answers
147 views

Auxiliary verbs in Japanese

What are auxiliary verbs in Japanese language? Which verbs are auxiliary and how to tell which are auxiliaries, and which are normal? It looks like the word です is an auxiliary verb. But why? What ...
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2answers
632 views

Is there a distinction between ‘did“ and ”have done" in Japanese?

According to internet sources and my Chinese friend living in Japan, there isn't. However, can someone provide more evidence on this issue? If there is no grammatical distinction, how can we ...
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1answer
456 views

What does ~ながらにして mean?

Can someone please explain the bold grammar? せんてんてき 【先天的】 《ダナ》生まれながらにして持っていること
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2answers
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The correct usage of ~と決める, ~に決める, and ~を決める

Browsing the example of 決める, I found at least there are 3 patterns as follows: 行くと決めた。I decided to go. 行くまいと決めた。I decided not to go. 車を買うことに決めた。I decided to buy a car. 会議の日を決めた。I decided the meeting ...
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1answer
127 views

How to use 生かす to express “you'll do your best”?

I have to answer the question "日本には「好きこそものの上手なれ」という 諺 がありますが、どんな意味だと思いますか。" using 生かす and my idea is to answer that if you are interested in something, you'll do your best. I started writing "...
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1answer
104 views

translation question AND what does にただけで mean?

I'm playing a visual novel that gives LECTURES on how different types of guns work and other real life how-to-use-weapon facts; when I come across the following after my character has test-fired a S&...
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1answer
277 views

Different ways to express 'if A happens'

What is the difference between soshite, suruto and sorede? I am unable to distinguish the used-cases - they all seem to indicate 'If A happens then ....' jibun no koto o otona da to omoimasu ka? ........
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1answer
155 views

Verb after な-adjective, is it necessary to complete the sentence?

I read somewhere that 形容動詞 are a special subclass of nouns. Contrarily 形容詞, the い adjectives, are actually a lot more similar to verbs. During the time that I have been learning Japanese language (...
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1answer
73 views

Particle “に” in sentences with “です” and “あります”

I do not quite understand why some sentences do not need particle に. For example: いすはテーブルの上です Instead, is it gramatically correct to say: いすはテーブルの上にです Like in this sentence: いすはテーブルの上にあります ...
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2answers
335 views

Help understanding the usage of 「で」 in this clause

I get the gist of this answer, but I fear I might be misunderstanding the very last part of the second sentence: 「今週末」と同じ意味なのは「今度の週末」じゃなくて「今週の週末」かな。 今度の週末は次の週末と同じ意味で、日曜日では「今度の週末」は「来週末」のことで「今週末」...
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1answer
78 views

Understanding のひとつぐらい in this context

Another question on my favourite hole. An opportunist has offered to buy the hole and rebuild the shrine for the villagers: 村長が答えるさきに、村の者たちが、 「本当かい。それならもっと村の近くがいい。」 「穴のひとつぐらい、あげますよ。」 ...
2
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1answer
91 views

General conditional (-えば form) expressing something without supposition or back thought?

I found a resource which says the -eba form is a form used to express a conditional without supposition or back thought. I didn't find any others resources that spoke about the same thing. Is this a ...
4
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2answers
131 views

past tense na adjective + noun

I have two sentences that im using to try to understand how na adjectives are conjugated in Japanese. 私の友達は綺麗な人 - My friend is a beautiful person 私の友達は綺麗だった人 - My friend was a beautiful person In ...
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3answers
140 views

Particle と as a standard of comparison with まで

Referring to the sound of an extreme megaphone: 地上なら、何十キロと遠くまで達する音だ。 If it's above ground it is a sound that will reach as far as several tens of kilometres. I'm pretty confident I've translated ...
9
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1answer
198 views

Usage of 引っかかる and double meaning

In *A Frequency Dictionary of Japanese: 彼はよく詐欺に引っかかる。 is translated as: He is often caught committing fraud. When reading that sentence I understood it as: He often falls for frauds (i.e: ...
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1answer
228 views

Help with the grammar だと and なるみたい

So, I was reading a manga, and this sentence came up: 今日予報だと暑くなるみたいだよ。 I translated it as: It looks like it's going to become hot with today's forecast. There are a few questions I'd like to ...
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2answers
716 views

What does the Verb きれる mean here?

I’m reading a manga and I’m a little confused to the meaning of きれる in this context. “甘さを自覚した三浦くんは 私に受け止めきれるかな” When I asked one of my friends she told me it’s along the lines “I’ve realized ...
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1answer
63 views

「に」used to signify addition? [duplicate]

There are several instances where I noticed people use に to mean something along the lines of "and". Here's an example: https://youtu.be/3cjyUg-XjjU?t=24 I think the narrator says, "修理人が使う道具は、牛の皮、...
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2answers
253 views

Meaning/use of ように in this sentence

鳥の絵が得意になり、クリスマスにハトの絵を贈ってくれるようにもなった。 I cannot understand the meaning of ようにもなった in this sentence. I know that 鳥の絵が得意になり、 means "I became good/strong at drawing birds and..." ...
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1answer
87 views

Confused with verb form ( I am eating vs I was eating, vs I haven’t eaten (yet))

So i came across this question and I can’t seem to get my head around it! Sorry if it’s obvious. I learned that the progressive form for a verb (-ing ) is the ーて form + (-いる/-います) . So I am eating ...
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2answers
150 views

Confusion about reported speech; と言っていました seems to be quite rare

I read と言っていた and と言っていました would be the most common and neutral way to report speech. While と言っている and と言っています also sound okay, they carry a notion of the quoted speaker is still thinking this way.  ...
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1answer
243 views

か usage in subordinate clauses

So I know there are many uses of か, but the one I want to focus on is using a question word with か. For example: 何を食べるか知ってる? 何を食べるか知っていますか? For these two sentences, the か inbetween the two ...
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3answers
225 views

Is there a subtle difference between 少なくても and 少なくとも?

My sense is that the meaning is identical but that 少なくとも is somewhat more formal than 少なくても. Is that observation valid?
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2answers
141 views

What's the difference in nuance between multiple 形容詞 (い-adjectives) with and without て-form?

When multiple adjectives refer to the same noun, the adjective(s) other than the last one are usually written in the て-form: ① 大きくて重い本 However writing all adjectives in their い-form is not (...
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2answers
100 views

Is the following sentence correct to decline a invitation?

あ、実は今日、会議があっているんですよ。 This as an answer for an invitation to do something today. Also the dialog I'm talking about is over the phone.
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0answers
79 views

Trouble ないで vs なくて

In this answer it is said that the usage of なくて is narrower than ないで(ないで can always replace なくて according to the logic explained and is ambiguous because of that) But in this question, the answer ...
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1answer
176 views

About the coupling of ーてもらう and ーなさい

I often hear my old calligraphy teacher (and so far only her) use something like the following: 何々。。。書いてもらいなさい(?) 何々。。。やってもらいなさい(?) and so on. The question mark in parenthesis indicates that, ...
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1answer
52 views

What's the difference between にしたら and の上では

There has been a post for the difference between にしたら and として and にとって, but I haven't been able to find anything about the phrase の上では which also supposedly means "from the viewpoint of" or "according ...
3
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1answer
117 views

Why is it なくて and not ないで

お金が足りなくて、本が買えませんでした。 Shouldn't it be: お金が足りないで、本が買えませんでした。
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3answers
3k views

What form is あり?

On the road outside my daughter's nursery is painted 保育園アリ. I guess this is a form of ある, but what's it called, and why is あり used not ある?
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1answer
62 views

What does 声かけをしてくれ mean?

The sentence in question: 看護婦さんたちがたくさん声かけをしてくれ、じゃあ会ってみようと。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 My attempt at translation: "The ...
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1answer
48 views

How to interprete these は and parse the sentence

The sentence in question: 亡くなったことを知った当初は息子と会うことは考えられなかったという女性。 For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 My attempt at translation: "...
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0answers
55 views

I need help with those sentences: 「~と思われる」「~ように思われる」

日本語を習う時はローマ字を使わない方が良いと思われる。 日本の将来の見込みは暗いように思われる。 彼は金持ちであるように思われる。 Why does the first one use と and the second and third one use ように?
2
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1answer
38 views

Is this enough to make intransitive use of the transitive 設ける?

The sentence in question: 入院先の聖隷浜松病院が設けてくれました。 For Full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 My attempt at translation: "The...hospital ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

[…]と言われ、傷つく母親たち - Was the に left out here or is it something else?

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 The following sentence: 死産や流産のあと「早く忘れた方がいい」「次の子どもを」と言われ、傷つく母親たち。 My attempt at translation:...
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1answer
64 views

Why is there を coupled with potential form?

For full context: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/web_tokushu/2018_1130.html?utm_int=news_contents_tokushu_002 The sentence in question: その後、適切なケアを受けられないと、「次の子どもを愛せない」など深刻なケースにつながることが分かってきました。 My ...
2
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1answer
50 views

What does 会えたらいいです mean

I get that 会え is to meet and いい is good but a bit confused on the たら part? Looked it up and it's like a conditional formatting for a verb? So would the sentence translate to something like, it would ...