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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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146 views

Pitch Accent for ~ない and ~たい

It seems to be a pattern for i-adjectives (in their "dictionary-form") to have low intonation on the first and last morae and high intonation in between, at least if they are three morae or more in ...
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2answers
123 views

What is それ referring to in this narration?

I think that I am probably over thinking this which has lead to me become confused as to what それ is referring to below. To provide some additional context, the main character had just asked his ...
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0answers
86 views

What does “シ廾 廾” mean? [on hold]

In my searches I found out 廾 means "kyou" and シ "shi" So that would be the meaning of "kyoukyoushi"?
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0answers
58 views

「に、へ、まで」the difference in use with verbs

Well. I saw some topics here on same subjet, but I still didn't get the full image of a rule. に - iplies the place, where is purpose-action will take place (final destination) へ - implies the ...
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2answers
543 views

Particles after time expressions like “三週間”

I am a beginner in Japanese so I was trying to write some simple sentences to practice my vocabulary and grammar. I wanted to write the sentence: My friend is in Japan for three weeks. as: ...
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1answer
47 views

What does のかもな mean at the end of a sentence?

I played a game (visual novel for PS2) in Japanese. And I came across this sentence: でも、あの時の俺は、本当は違ったのかもな。。。 And I was wondering what the part after 違う(ちがう)means. I guess, that の may change it ...
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1answer
81 views

How do I make my translation less stilted or flow similar to the original Japanese?

I'm translating the following line of dialogue spoken by Character A to Character B. 「怖がらなくてもいいわ。もう襲ったりしないから」 The translations I made are the following: "There’s no need to be afraid. Because I ...
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1answer
240 views

What does ては mean in this sentence?

寝太郎はのんきに空をながめては暮らしておりました。 My translation: Netarou was living by heedlessly looking the sky. What does ては mean in this sentence?
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2answers
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〜しては is this a grammar pattern?

I was trying to translate this sentence: 僕はアルバイトしてはレコードばかり買っていたから、一日半働けばLP一枚買えるな、と思って働いていた。 I think I get the overall meaning as: Because I spent all my wages on records I went to work thinking "...
4
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1answer
135 views

Writing style of Imperial Army signal messages

I'm doing some research into battles during the Pacific War and want to include as much as I can from Japanese sourcs. The Senshi Sosho contains valuable accounts, but I keep coming across an odd ...
3
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1answer
480 views

Explanation for でもしたら vs したら

Whats the difference between 食べたら〜 and 食べてでもしたら〜
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2answers
473 views

Verbs that go well with しっかり

Consider the following question which requires you to order four items in a sentence: 市民の _ _ _ _ 目指しています。 1. 街づくりを 2. 願いに 3. こたえる 4. しっかり At first I answered it as ...
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1answer
104 views

Is “ゲーム中に使用する” a descriptor in “ゲーム中に使用する最大HPを書き写す”?

Full text is: さらに、ゲーム中に使用する最大HP、最大MP、【祝福】を書き写す。 I can't figure out if this is saying to copy everything during the game, or if "ゲーム中に使用する" is describing everything that needs copying?
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2answers
174 views

The use and difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う

I am having problem understanding the difference between んじゃないかと思った and んじゃないかと思う。  As for んじゃないかと思った, I found the following examples:"忘れているんじゃないかと思った" and "間に合わないんじゃないかと思った"。 Moreover, in regards ...
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1answer
178 views

Ore hitori de wa kesshite miru koto no deki nai keshiki; It's a view I could never see on my own

I do not understand the meaning of de wa, I thought it meant something like at the / in the (location) - But in this sentence, I don't know. hmmm
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48 views

Are 「が原因で」and「で」interchangeable in the following sentence? [duplicate]

Consider the sentence: 夜遅くまで活動するや通勤時間の長さなどが原因で、睡眠時間が減少し、体の不調を訴える人が増えています。 As far as I understood correctly, this translates as "doing activities till late, the length of the commuting to work and ...
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0answers
78 views

Usage of ところ to represent time with に and で

I am trying to understand the grammar of using ところ with に and で when using ところ to represent the time that actions have happened. These are (ungrammatical) sentences I made up: 1) ...
5
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1answer
97 views

What is the reason leading to the difference in tense used for affirmative and negative statements in the construction V~ほうがいい

In the construction of a suggestion statement with V~ほうがいい, the past (perfect) tense is used for the affirmative (according to this and this, the present tense can also be used for general advice), ...
3
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1answer
295 views

What is the difference between それでは and それなら

My grammar book says they both mean ‘if that’s the case...’ but it doesn’t clarify the differences. Thank you!
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0answers
115 views

question with でしょうか

こんにちは。質問があります。 1.「行くのでしょうか」 2.「いきますでしょうか」 Why is "の" needed in the first sentence to form a question, but in the second sentence there is no need for "か" to form a question?
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1answer
164 views

How is とかいた being used in this sentence?

I'm continuing my quest to translate an episode of Terrace House for study purposes.. Naturally I have questions.. This question in particular is in regards to a phrase I got stuck on the tail-end of....
2
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1answer
137 views

Help translating this paragraph: doubts about 「への」and「と共に」forms, and structure of a sentence beggining with 「これ」?

The paragraph is from the introduction to the wikipedia article on David Ben-Gurion: ポーランドのプロニスクで生まれ、パレスチナ移住後はユダヤ系住民のイギリス軍への参加を呼びかけると共に、ナチスの弾圧によって多くのユダヤ系難民がパレスチナへ押し寄せる様になると、...
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2answers
847 views

What does できなさすぎる mean?

So I know that すぎる means too much, like 昨日お酒を飲みすぎた, etc. but when it comes to something like: 何々をすることができなさすぎる Does it mean: 1 - I can't do "this" at all. or 2 - I can't do "this" too much. So ...
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1answer
70 views

Relative clauses: 多い人 vs 多くの人

I was practising a grammar pattern, so in my personal example I wrote: 多いオーストラリア人 However, a native speaker corrected me with: 多くのオーストラリア人 I understand that in relative clauses that adjectives ...
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2answers
158 views

How do I translate this one?

I am currently working on a certain game's translation. The dialogue goes like this: Sōsuke: それじゃあ、お互いに愛称で呼び合ってみようよ Riho: 愛称、素晴らしいですね。では、どのような呼び方をいたしましょう Sōsuke: えっと、俺のことはダーリンって呼んでみて ...
4
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1answer
166 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
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2answers
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How does the particle を relate to the verb 行く in the structure「A を + B に行く」?

I came across this sentence in my japanese practicing material (the point is I didn't make up the sentence so I assume it's correct or at least commonly used) 日本についてのアンケートを中国人100人に行った。 and It doesn'...
3
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1answer
154 views

Could one have more than one verb in the same sentence be converted to indirect passive?

I understand Adversity (indirect) passive are used to describe unfortunate event. Am I correct in saying that the sentence patterns with transitive verbs of both adversity passive and simple (direct) ...
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2answers
102 views

What nouns can ながら turn into adverbs, and how does this differ from に? (残念ながら、当然ながら…)

I learned 残念ながら quite early on and simply took it at face value, but as I've gained experience in Japanese I've come to question why this piece of grammar has two seemingly unrelated uses - expressing ...
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1answer
117 views

Difference between して and したり

What is the difference between saying 「最近毎日は何もをしなかったり、ただの寝るとからなるよ。」and「最近毎日は何もをしなくて、ただの寝るのよ。」 I'm not sure if one doesn't work with that sentence, or if this works the same in negative form, but I've ...
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1answer
52 views

Particles that indicate surprise [も/まで]

It is my understanding that using the either the particle も or まで can both indicate surprise that the noun is included within some context. (I'm not that advanced in Japanese yet so I apologise for ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Using から with the verb 言う

I was reading a manga and a character said this: 詳しくは俺から言う事ができない I'm pretty sure it means "I can't go into details", but I've never seen the structure 「私から言う」 before. When is it acceptable to use?
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1answer
119 views

What should I use 来ません or 来ません でした

What is correct answer for the question もう ジョンさんは 来ましたか。 いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません。 or いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません でした。
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1answer
117 views

When speaking informally, do native Japanese speakers always remove い after て in present continuous tense across all conjugations?

Some examples below: 言っている > 言ってる 欲しがっています > 欲しがってます 見ていた > 見てた 行っていました > 行ってました I'm trying to sound as native as possible, so would like to know the more common way of speaking in the present ...
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3answers
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When using もう and まだ does a negative verb always have to be in the (ている) present continuous form?

When using もう and まだ in a negative sense, does the negative verb always have to be in the present continuous form i.e. 来ていません、食べていません etc? If so why is that? Example sentences: いいえ、まだ買っていません。- ...
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1answer
151 views

Difference between はじめる and ようになる

Compare the following sentences: 日本語を勉強しはじめた。 日本語を勉強するようになった。 I normally think of ようになる as expressing a gradual change. So maybe I studied just a little bit two years ago, a bit more last year, ...
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3answers
492 views

How to cut and understand long Japanese noun sentence

というのは、中学の時、登校拒否になって家に引きこもったクラスメートを心配して励ましているうちに、私は自身がストレスで髪が抜けたり食欲がなくなったりした経験があるからです。それで母は、私が他の人の悩みを聞いて、一緒に悩んでしまうのが、心配でたまらないというのです For example i want to cut this sentence ...
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1answer
157 views

How to say “Play along”?

I wanted to say something like: He was trying to deceive me, but to see how far he would go with that, I played along. My attempt: 彼は僕を騙そうとしていたけど、どこまでやるつもりかわかるために、騙されていたようなふりをし続いた。 I have two ...
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1answer
986 views

What does もんね mean?

Consider the following sentence. お金持{かねも}ちになるもんね。 What does the 「もんね」 mean? Without もんね、i.e. 「お金持ちになる。」, it means "becomes rich"。
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2answers
3k views

The meanings of ものだ

Could someone please explain to me the different meanings that ものだ can have at the end of a sentence ? Here are some examples I understand the general meaning of, but I don't understand the logic/...
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1answer
245 views

Use of もの in this sentence

Said before looking at a box of animals to see if they are still alive: 「今ならまだ一匹しか死んでいないものが、次の日にはまた一匹死んでしまうかもよ」 If I (look) now there will still be only one dead, but the next day another might ...
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1answer
2k views

Ending sentence with ~だもの or ~ですもの

I've been listening songs and anime dialogues that end sentences with ~もの or even cuter version ~もん for so long that I am able to see how the word denotes reasons or excuses like: おなか空いたもん (when ...
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1answer
135 views

ものだ expressing ambiguous emotions/concern?

This article lists many examples of using ものだ to articulate "deep concern." The author of this article explains that when you connect words which indicate desire like …たい and 欲しい with ものだ, your speech ...
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1answer
104 views

Origin of the usage of な in ~なんだ

In their answer to the question Usage of nan desu?, Earthliŋ♦ described the な in the ~なんだ-construction to be "the inflection of the copula だ, if you like". I guess this is the same inflection that is ...
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1answer
548 views

What does ~ながらにして mean?

Can someone please explain the bold grammar? せんてんてき 【先天的】 《ダナ》生まれながらにして持っていること
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2answers
152 views

More 'romantic'/better than すきです / だいすきです

This was mentioned in our class but for the life of me, I cannot recall the exact sentence. I only recall that it was even more 'romantic' or better than だいすきです since it means 'I love your everything',...
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2answers
110 views

Can I use (てform verb) repeatedly with different verbs to emphasize different actions, or is it just with one verb?

If not, is there a structure that will grammatically allow for that? Like "I eat right, exercise, stay consistent about it, and yet I've lost no weight in weeks!"
3
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2answers
94 views

さあていくわ vs さあ行くわ

Eat Mom's Breakfast Toast, Jams, Milk of おいしい牛乳 さあて行くわあたし happy happy girl! From the intro of a song (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KS2t7l89Lm0) The English words are being sung in ...
2
votes
1answer
366 views

Different ways to express 'if A happens'

What is the difference between soshite, suruto and sorede? I am unable to distinguish the used-cases - they all seem to indicate 'If A happens then ....' jibun no koto o otona da to omoimasu ka? ........
4
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3answers
1k views

といいんです and といいんですけど

What exactly is the difference between these two phrases. How does けど/が affect the meaning and how does it relate to its meaning of 'but'?