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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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What does “とこの” mean here?

Sentence is: うん俺の嫌いな杉木さんとこの一人息子な Translation is: Yup. The only son of the Sugiki I hate. What does とこの do here?
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すっごいレンジの音がしてるのが気になる。What does the second の mean in this sentence?

すっごいレンジの音がしてるのが気になる。What does the second の mean in this sentence?
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~te + oku vs plain masu form

Good evenings folks, Currently I'm here in Tokyo learning Japanese for about 2 months now from scratch, and our sensei is teaching us N4 level grammar structures already. My question is, what's the ...
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1answer
311 views

How are で and いう being used in this context?

There are a few things that I don't understand about the highlighted text in the image below. The biggest question I have is what でいう is doing after 人間 (is it some sort of construction or are they ...
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2answers
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Why is に marking time and not で?

As i have learned, the に particle is marking the target of the verb. And it make sense for most cases i have seen except for time. How exactly can time be the target of any verb? wouldn't it make more ...
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1answer
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Meaning of によって/により

I’ve come across this phrase によって/により quite often and I’ve researched and found these meanings: by Person (この本は君によって書かれた?); due to/ because of; by means of (The teacher checked their knowledge by the ...
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How to use the inflection “やがる”?

こんなくそみたいな帽子{ぼうし}かぶせやがって! "こんな仕事{しごと}させやがって!" "こんなまずいものを食{く}わせやがって!" "あいつは本当{ほんとう}に良{い}いものを作{つく}りやがる" I was recently acquainted with the inflection "やがる," as illustrated in the ...
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Recommendations on Japanese grammar books/linguistic books

As stated in the title. I understand that resource questions are regarded as off-topic. I checked the resource list but there were no books covering my request so I am trying my luck here. I will be ...
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noun +うちに and noun+間に

When 間に and うちに are preceded by nouns are always interchangeable? For examble in : 春休みのあいだに/うちに友達と一緒に出掛けたい。 And also in: 大学生のうちに/間に留学する。
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Can the particle “no” の be used at the beginning of the sentence?

In the sentence Watashi no hon. Can the owner be omitted? No hon.
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~ておく or ~とく for preparation (conjugation and nuance)

A few quick questions regarding ~ておく and the casual form ~とく Firstly, when changing from ~ておく to the more casual ~とく I'm assuming the verb is first conjugated to the ~て form then the ~て is dropped ...
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2answers
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How do I say what something is made out of?

The exact thing I want to know how to say is 'The wristwatch is made out of gold' and 'The wristwatch is gold and black in colour'. Would saying this be the same as talking about a house being made of ...
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132 views

What's the grammar behind 〜がいなくて寂しい

I can't understand how いる+寂しい means miss something like in 君がいなくて寂しいよ。
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What's the いて in 「忘れないでいて」 for?

I know that the verb changes from 忘れる(to forget) to 忘れないで (don´t forget) but I can´t understand the いて at the end. At first, I thought it comes from the casual imperative form of いる as this post ...
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How to differentiate when に is a target vs. an adverb

先生が来たらみな静かになった I understand that 静か is a noun Will this ALWAYS mean quietly or is it a target, for example 私は静かに友人に手紙を出しました, i quietly gave a letter to a friend, i understand it means quietly, ...
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202 views

Differences between 楽しがちに、楽し気味に、楽しげに、楽しっぽく

Which one of the words above is most suitable in the following sentence and why? 近所の子供たちが校庭で________遊んでいる。 Thanks!
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Use of が in プラス50円でキャラメルラテかカフェラテがお選び頂けますが。

I've found this sentence in a lesson about ordering food: プラス50円でキャラメルラテかカフェラテがお選び頂けますが。 A Starbucks employee says this to a customer. The meaning should be "If you pay 50 extra yen, you can get ...
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1人ではできなかったので友達に手伝って______。

Could you please explain why the correct answer is 「もらいました」 and not 「くれました」? Multiple choice answers are: ①やりました ②もらいました ③くれました ④あげました Thanks!!!
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Japanese Learning Order [closed]

I am an absolute beginner in Japanese so I would like to ask for some advice! So far I have learned the kanas and some common words and phrases, now I am at a loss on what should I study first. ...
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2answers
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How is いい being used in this sentence?

もしも僕に心があるならどうやってそれをみつければいいの I understand the sentence translates along the lines of "If I had a heart, how would I find it?" And I know "いい" means "good/fine/etc" but I'm not sure how to fit that ...
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1answer
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Doubts about 判明する and verb tenses

I was checking the example sentences of 判明する on the Weblio EN-JA dictionary and it seems that, when it means "to turn out (that)", 判明する is written in the dictionary form (it turns out) or in the past ...
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5answers
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What does もうやめてください mean?

If someone says 「もうその呼{よ}び方{かた}をやめてください。」, does it mean: Stop calling me that already. Stop calling me that now. Don't call me that anymore. How do もう and やめる interact?
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How to interpret this comma?

ですから、一回限りの人生、かけがえのない自己を大切にしようではありませんか。 So, shall we value this irreplaceable self in this life that we have but once? (example sentence from A Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar) How ...
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1answer
60 views

When is the に particle used for possession?

For example: 私には夢がある (I have a dream) Does using に have a different implication from ommiting it? Is it even possible to omit it in this sentence?
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How can I express sentences like “How long is …” or “How old is … ” or “How convenient is …” etc.?

I want to know if there's a grammar structure that can be used when you want to know the extent of an adjective. E.g. 会長は若いね >> How young is he? この映画はとっても長いよ! >> How long is it? ...
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What's the difference between “deno” and “de”? [duplicate]

Both "deno" and "de" mean "in". But what is the difference? When would you use one over the other? Please explain using the examples below: Example 1: kariforunia deno tanoshii Good fun in ...
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1answer
60 views

What's the difference between [noun] + の and [noun]+ な?

For example, suppose I want to say "It's a weird thing". Can I say "hen na koto desu.", and "hen no koto desu"? What is the difference? 「変なことです」 vs. 「変のことです」
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675 views

What does 思ってやっている mean?

こんにちは! I have read a text about a guy whose wife has a housedust allergie, and there is this sentence: 私だってあんまりほこりがたまっていたら気になるから、仕方がないと思ってやっているんだ。 What does 思ってやって mean here?
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Understanding the connection between adverbs and adjective negation

い-adjectives negate in the following way. 「大{おお}きい」→「大きくない」 How I've always interpreted process is that we're basically changing the adjective 「大きい」 into the adverb form 「大きく」 and then tacking on 「...
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1answer
56 views

usage of 『は』and『が』with adjectives { na-adj and i-adj }

i really had this question in my mind and it caused me a lot of pain. My question is : what is the difference between using ( wa ) and ( ga ) with adjectives ? i got confusion because i studied ...
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Understanding the use of だった in this sentece [closed]

あの人はいい人はいいだったけれど頑固だったね I think I understand that だった but Im not completly sure, is it implied that Its refering to 人? Can you say よかった instead?
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Talking about what we are going to do

漢字の辞書を買おうと思っています。 (I am going to buy a kanji dictionary) (decision already made) from "Genki 2" So, we use the volitional form + と思っています to talk not about spontaneous decisions but those ...
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what does this のって mean?

For context, Person A admires the new bag of person B. Person B bought it on the internet. here is Persons A's response: えっ、インターネットで買い物するのって危なくないですか。 I don't know what this のって is supposed to mean. ...
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115 views

Usage of 手伝う and お手伝いをする

I want to say "If I can help with your English studies ...". I thought of three ways, none of which I'm sure is natural: 英語の勉強を手伝ってあげられたら... 英語の勉強のお手伝いをしてあげられたら... 英語の勉強のお手伝いができたら... I looked up ...
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382 views

Meaning/use of ように in this sentence

鳥の絵が得意になり、クリスマスにハトの絵を贈ってくれるようにもなった。 I cannot understand the meaning of ようにもなった in this sentence. I know that 鳥の絵が得意になり、 means "I became good/strong at drawing birds and..." ...
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What does 呼ばれてる mean in this context?

I’m reading a story, and in it 2 students are talking about a teacher. One says, ね、榎本先生ってさ。。。 男子にエロ本って呼ばれてるらしいよ。This is followed by a scene where the boys were caught with a prön mag, and the teacher ...
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1answer
118 views

Which Japanese sentence is grammatically correct?

My friend and I are making sentences from English to Japanese. We are trying to turn this sentence into Japanese: I think he's 23 years old, I'm not sure however. We came up with: 思う彼は23歳。...
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The construction with んじゃないかな

リビングが広いのはいいと思うけど、駐車場が付いてた方がいいんじゃないかな。 "Although I like it that the living room is spacious, I guess an attached parking space would be great." Do I understand the sentence right? Why is んじゃない used ...
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2answers
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普通形/じしょ形 (Futsuu Kei / Jisho Kei)

Are these forms different? If so, how do they differ? I would appreciate an example, thank you.
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1answer
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Meaning of を作画 at the end of sentence

In a manual about welding I encountered the following sentences: (3)FSWを行う継手について,表面(A)に垂直な直線(B)を作画 (4)表面(A)から距離440mm位置の直線(B)上の点(C)を作画 I am not sure if を作画 means "Drawing of the straight line.....
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1answer
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Meaning of の in the の、の と pattern (どうのこうの)

日本人の小学生向けのちびまる子ちゃんの満点ゲットシリーズの文法教室という本を読んでいるんですけれども、 In the chapter on 助詞, under the meanings of の, I found these two sentences used as examples of the いわゆる「並列」の使い方・働き: 死ぬの生きるのと騒ぐほどではない。 and ...
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Could you help me understand the difference between 強そうだ and 強いのだそうだ? [duplicate]

I'm a little confused about the difference between 強そうだ and 強いのだそうだ.could you please explain? Thanks in advance.
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1answer
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What's the use of the て-form in this sentence?

While reading manga a character stole a power from another guy and said: ちょっとこいつの力を試してみたくてな。 I wonder what's the use of the て-form in みたい?. What would be the difference with こいつの力を試してみたいな
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1answer
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How to write existential/locational sentence in Classical Japanese?

In Modern Japanese, one can use "がある” and "がいる” to express "There is/are ...". The existential sentence can be further used to assert the presence or existence of something in a particular place: "[...
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The uses of である

I understand that である is most commonly used to replace だ/です at the end of a sentence in written expressions. But outside this usage, I can't find much explanation on how to use this structure. In ...
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1answer
150 views

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean?

What does 母と慕う彼女は mean? I posted the question on HiNative to no luck and Google Translate is definitely way off. The use of the と particle has me a bit confused.
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What does と do in this sentence? Is it just quoting?

First time asking something here, so I hope it goes down well. I have a difficult time with と in this sentence. 錬金術師らの間でも 神への冒涜と暗黙のうちに禁じられていると聞きますし The first part is easy. Even among alchemists, ...
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1answer
121 views

Can the を in ~を通して be replaced with は?

I asked an earlier question What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together? where I was confused by how a sentence used 通して but with a は instead of a を. Can someone help to shed some light on ...
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1answer
110 views

What does 通して聞く mean when they are used together?

long-time lurker, am hoping that I can get some help on something I came upon a tweet which has this particular sentence "みなさんのパフォーマンスは通して聞くことでより魅力的..." I am perplexed by how 通して聞く are used together....
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3answers
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だって (datte) meaning

What are the possible uses for だって?