Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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Usage of ところ to represent time with に and で

I am trying to understand the grammar of using ところ with に and で when using ところ to represent the time that actions have happened. These are (ungrammatical) sentences I made up: 1) ...
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What is the reason leading to the difference in tense used for affirmative and negative statements in the construction V~ほうがいい

In the construction of a suggestion statement with V~ほうがいい, the past (perfect) tense is used for the affirmative (according to this and this, the present tense can also be used for general advice), ...
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389 views

What is the difference between それでは and それなら

My grammar book says they both mean ‘if that’s the case...’ but it doesn’t clarify the differences. Thank you!
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question with でしょうか

こんにちは。質問があります。 1.「行くのでしょうか」 2.「いきますでしょうか」 Why is "の" needed in the first sentence to form a question, but in the second sentence there is no need for "か" to form a question?
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How is とかいた being used in this sentence?

I'm continuing my quest to translate an episode of Terrace House for study purposes.. Naturally I have questions.. This question in particular is in regards to a phrase I got stuck on the tail-end of....
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Help translating this paragraph: doubts about 「への」and「と共に」forms, and structure of a sentence beggining with 「これ」?

The paragraph is from the introduction to the wikipedia article on David Ben-Gurion: ポーランドのプロニスクで生まれ、パレスチナ移住後はユダヤ系住民のイギリス軍への参加を呼びかけると共に、ナチスの弾圧によって多くのユダヤ系難民がパレスチナへ押し寄せる様になると、...
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What does できなさすぎる mean?

So I know that すぎる means too much, like 昨日お酒を飲みすぎた, etc. but when it comes to something like: 何々をすることができなさすぎる Does it mean: 1 - I can't do "this" at all. or 2 - I can't do "this" too much. So ...
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Relative clauses: 多い人 vs 多くの人

I was practising a grammar pattern, so in my personal example I wrote: 多いオーストラリア人 However, a native speaker corrected me with: 多くのオーストラリア人 I understand that in relative clauses that adjectives ...
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How do I translate this one?

I am currently working on a certain game's translation. The dialogue goes like this: Sōsuke: それじゃあ、お互いに愛称で呼び合ってみようよ Riho: 愛称、素晴らしいですね。では、どのような呼び方をいたしましょう Sōsuke: えっと、俺のことはダーリンって呼んでみて ...
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182 views

ではない in Relative Clauses

I have read in several sources that it is grammatically incorrect to use は (topic particle) in relative clauses. However, I am almost certain that I have seen constructions like the following: ...
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How does the particle を relate to the verb 行く in the structure「A を + B に行く」?

I came across this sentence in my japanese practicing material (the point is I didn't make up the sentence so I assume it's correct or at least commonly used) 日本についてのアンケートを中国人100人に行った。 and It doesn'...
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160 views

Could one have more than one verb in the same sentence be converted to indirect passive?

I understand Adversity (indirect) passive are used to describe unfortunate event. Am I correct in saying that the sentence patterns with transitive verbs of both adversity passive and simple (direct) ...
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What nouns can ながら turn into adverbs, and how does this differ from に? (残念ながら、当然ながら…)

I learned 残念ながら quite early on and simply took it at face value, but as I've gained experience in Japanese I've come to question why this piece of grammar has two seemingly unrelated uses - expressing ...
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124 views

Difference between して and したり

What is the difference between saying 「最近毎日は何もをしなかったり、ただの寝るとからなるよ。」and「最近毎日は何もをしなくて、ただの寝るのよ。」 I'm not sure if one doesn't work with that sentence, or if this works the same in negative form, but I've ...
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Particles that indicate surprise [も/まで]

It is my understanding that using the either the particle も or まで can both indicate surprise that the noun is included within some context. (I'm not that advanced in Japanese yet so I apologise for ...
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105 views

Using から with the verb 言う

I was reading a manga and a character said this: 詳しくは俺から言う事ができない I'm pretty sure it means "I can't go into details", but I've never seen the structure 「私から言う」 before. When is it acceptable to use?
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126 views

What should I use 来ません or 来ません でした

What is correct answer for the question もう ジョンさんは 来ましたか。 いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません。 or いいえ, まだ ジョンさんは 来ません でした。
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125 views

When speaking informally, do native Japanese speakers always remove い after て in present continuous tense across all conjugations?

Some examples below: 言っている > 言ってる 欲しがっています > 欲しがってます 見ていた > 見てた 行っていました > 行ってました I'm trying to sound as native as possible, so would like to know the more common way of speaking in the present ...
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When using もう and まだ does a negative verb always have to be in the (ている) present continuous form?

When using もう and まだ in a negative sense, does the negative verb always have to be in the present continuous form i.e. 来ていません、食べていません etc? If so why is that? Example sentences: いいえ、まだ買っていません。- ...
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158 views

Difference between はじめる and ようになる

Compare the following sentences: 日本語を勉強しはじめた。 日本語を勉強するようになった。 I normally think of ようになる as expressing a gradual change. So maybe I studied just a little bit two years ago, a bit more last year, ...
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518 views

How to cut and understand long Japanese noun sentence

というのは、中学の時、登校拒否になって家に引きこもったクラスメートを心配して励ましているうちに、私は自身がストレスで髪が抜けたり食欲がなくなったりした経験があるからです。それで母は、私が他の人の悩みを聞いて、一緒に悩んでしまうのが、心配でたまらないというのです For example i want to cut this sentence ...
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163 views

How to say “Play along”?

I wanted to say something like: He was trying to deceive me, but to see how far he would go with that, I played along. My attempt: 彼は僕を騙そうとしていたけど、どこまでやるつもりかわかるために、騙されていたようなふりをし続いた。 I have two ...
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What does もんね mean?

Consider the following sentence. お金持{かねも}ちになるもんね。 What does the 「もんね」 mean? Without もんね、i.e. 「お金持ちになる。」, it means "becomes rich"。
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The meanings of ものだ

Could someone please explain to me the different meanings that ものだ can have at the end of a sentence ? Here are some examples I understand the general meaning of, but I don't understand the logic/...
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257 views

Use of もの in this sentence

Said before looking at a box of animals to see if they are still alive: 「今ならまだ一匹しか死んでいないものが、次の日にはまた一匹死んでしまうかもよ」 If I (look) now there will still be only one dead, but the next day another might ...
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Ending sentence with ~だもの or ~ですもの

I've been listening songs and anime dialogues that end sentences with ~もの or even cuter version ~もん for so long that I am able to see how the word denotes reasons or excuses like: おなか空いたもん (when ...
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ものだ expressing ambiguous emotions/concern?

This article lists many examples of using ものだ to articulate "deep concern." The author of this article explains that when you connect words which indicate desire like …たい and 欲しい with ものだ, your speech ...
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Origin of the usage of な in ~なんだ

In their answer to the question Usage of nan desu?, Earthliŋ♦ described the な in the ~なんだ-construction to be "the inflection of the copula だ, if you like". I guess this is the same inflection that is ...
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575 views

What does ~ながらにして mean?

Can someone please explain the bold grammar? せんてんてき 【先天的】 《ダナ》生まれながらにして持っていること
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More 'romantic'/better than すきです / だいすきです

This was mentioned in our class but for the life of me, I cannot recall the exact sentence. I only recall that it was even more 'romantic' or better than だいすきです since it means 'I love your everything',...
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Can I use (てform verb) repeatedly with different verbs to emphasize different actions, or is it just with one verb?

If not, is there a structure that will grammatically allow for that? Like "I eat right, exercise, stay consistent about it, and yet I've lost no weight in weeks!"
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さあていくわ vs さあ行くわ

Eat Mom's Breakfast Toast, Jams, Milk of おいしい牛乳 さあて行くわあたし happy happy girl! From the intro of a song (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KS2t7l89Lm0) The English words are being sung in ...
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1answer
397 views

Different ways to express 'if A happens'

What is the difference between soshite, suruto and sorede? I am unable to distinguish the used-cases - they all seem to indicate 'If A happens then ....' jibun no koto o otona da to omoimasu ka? ........
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といいんです and といいんですけど

What exactly is the difference between these two phrases. How does けど/が affect the meaning and how does it relate to its meaning of 'but'?
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Differences between 「することはない」 and 「しなくてもいい」

Like the title says, I'd like to know the difference in nuance and usage between 「することはない」 and 「しなくてもいい」。 For example: 「謝らなくてもいいよ」 vs. 「謝ることはないよ」 To me, they both sound like "You don't have to ...
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1answer
116 views

What is the nuance between 内に and 間に in these sentences?

This will be a long question. I referred to the other questions that were already answered, Difference between 前に and うちに When describing time span, are 間 {あいだ} and 内 {うち} interchangeable? What'...
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118 views

Would it be valid to change the いい in (verb)ても良い into a negative?

E.G. 言わなくても良くない I've always been curious about this, but none of the books or classes I've had ever approached it
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誰も + potential verb form

I'm pretty sure "誰にも読めない本" is correct. However, I have also heard something in the same vein as "誰も読めない本", without the に. Is this also correct? If so, does も replace が here?
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Meaning of に in 本当に

In the sentence これは[本当]{ほんと}に[高]{たか}いです, meaning "This is really expensive", I'm having trouble understanding the meaning of に, which usually has some connotation of "to", "on", or "at". This is a ...
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61 views

~う/ることが(は、も)ある construction

During my studies I faced a situation where I stuck with understanding this construction. My textbook said that various particles can be used there but it hasn't explained the function of each ...
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Why are weather verbs 曇る and 晴れる treated differently in this sentence?

In this sentence: どうやら今日の天気は曇るようだ。× It seems that today's weather is cloudy. This uses the weather verb 曇る But when asking native speakers, this does not sound natural and I don't understand why. ...
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107 views

What conjugation is 熱せられる? [duplicate]

This is a sentence from ねじまき鳥と火曜日の女たち by 村上春樹. スチーム・アイロンの蒸気音とコットンが熱せられる独得の匂いを楽しみながら... 熱する is a "special suru verb". I am assuming 熱せられる is read as ねっせられる. What form of conjugation is this? It ...
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237 views

comparison between のですから and んだから

Recently I read though the article addressing the question (んだから vs んだ) where it explains the usage of のだから as: 1)話し手も聞き手も知っている事柄に用いられ、「聞き手(あなた)も知ってはいるが、その認識が十分でない」ことを知らせようとする話し手の強い気持ちが入る。 2)...
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誕生パーティーに行けたらいいのに vs 誕生パーティーに行ったらいいのに

誕生パーティーに行けたらいいのに vs 誕生パーティーに行ったらいいのに Is explained as I wish I could go to the party. I wish someone would go to the birthday party / You should go to the party. (suggestion to other ...
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Using ~がる in the first person [duplicate]

I know how ~がる constructions work in reference to subjects in the third person. However, I am a bit lost in regards to which situations necessitate the use of ~がる with the first person. For example ...
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Comparing nouns

Good day, I would like some clarification with regards to comparing nouns. In some references like Minna no Nihongo, the sentence formula would be something like A と B と + どちら のほうが/が + ...
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120 views

What could 何も無かったり、有ったり mean?

I'm having a lot of trouble understanding what this means (bolded): どこに行くんですか? あ。。。森。。。ですか。。。 森の中、そこだけは 何も無かったり、有ったり 過去の遺物の集積場 「ここにやがてつまれるのかな?」 What does 何も無かったり、あったり mean? This is ...
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Different meanings of こわい

I was watching this video (it's actually a really good series, despite the odd presentation). In it, there is the example: おばけがこわい。 Ghosts are scary. No problem there, but the series has been ...
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~たり conjugation without する or any verb at the end at all [duplicate]

Here's the verse in question (of a song I was reading): 森の中、 そこだけは 何も無かったり、有ったり 過去の遺物 の集積場 「ここにやがて、積まれるのかな?」 The line in bold seems to be using ~tari, ~tari suru ...
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How to say 'in 10 minutes' as in 'the bus comes in 10 minutes'?

Would the sentence below make sense? バスがじゅっぷんにきます。