Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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112 views

Can に関わりなく be used with adjectives?

にかかわりなく seems to come after a noun, e.g.: 文化祭は当日の天気にかかわりなく開催されます。 The school culture festival will be held regardless of the weather on the day. Is it possible to use it with an adjective e.g. ...
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Help explain と in this sentence [duplicate]

私も行かないと。 I understood it as "I also won't go." But according to Tae Kim's guide and Google Translate it is read as "I have to go too." Why is that? I assume と has something to do with it since ...
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119 views

What's the difference between 上で and 次第?

I was wondering what was the difference between 上で and 次第. As for their significance I think that they differ a little. On one end, 上で bears the meaning of "upon doing something", whilst 次第 implies ...
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distinguish between grammar patterns and how to remember them

Suppose we take おそれがある, we can use it with either noun or a verb: V る + おそれがある N + の + おそれがある and on the other hand if we take に違いない, we can use it with everything(noun,adjective and adverb) ...
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125 views

配信 sentence construction problem [duplicate]

Nouvelle-Calédonieで繰り広げるロードトリップはウェブ動画でも配信 In this sentence, why did we end the sentence at 配信? What does this mean?
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93 views

ごほーし meaning? 18+?

ごほーし meaning? 18+? I know that's lewd vocabulary but I dont what does it mean?
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308 views

Why isn't 日本料理 written as 日本の料理?

Both 日本 and 料理 are nouns but why aren't they concatenated with の? I think it should be written as 日本の料理 rather than 日本料理.
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251 views

Translating “different”?

I’m having trouble figuring out how to translate “different.” I know the words 違う and 違い but I don’t know how to incorporate those to mean “different” or if that would even be correct. 「違う色がきれいだね。」...
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Explanation of でもあります? [duplicate]

I saw this in my Genki I book and I don’t quite understand how to use でもあります. Also, how would I say this informally? パットはアメリカ人でもある?
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What's the correct translation for 'Japanese Student': 'Nihonjin gakusee' or 'Nihonjin no gakusee'?

I have seen both uses in different contexts, but I'm having trouble figuring out in which case to use the 'no' particle!
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部屋で2人っきりてのがどーもな。 Understanding this て and the meaning of this どーも

小島:塾なんかやめればいーじゃん オレ家庭教師にしたぜ 伊藤:うざいんだ 家庭教師って 部屋で2人っきりてのがどーもな I am struggling with the bolded phrase, I think he says something to the meaning of "What are you going to do with just two people ...
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Is it possible to have two words with the same particle in a sentence?

This question popped in our exam in which you had to choose which particle was right. The question was: 誕生日___母に花をあげました。 with に or まで as the options. まで didn't make sense for me and I don't know ...
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109 views

Why is “not knowing” 知らない and not e.g. 知っていない? [duplicate]

I remember reading a bit about this topic in the answer of another post, but I specifically wanted to make this its own question: It seems to make sense that "to know" is typically 知っている, because 知る ...
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“But”, “but also”, “yet”, and “and yet” when listing things?

How do I express the these ideas in Japanese while listing things? For example, how should these sentences be translated into Japanese while carrying the same tone? He has a scary face but a heart ...
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134 views

〜か知らない or 〜か不安だ

I came across the following sentence in an exercise: インターネットで注文したセーターは、実際に着てみるまでサイズが_____が、ちょうどよかった。 Although only B and D make sense to me, here are the four propositions: A. 合わなかった B. ...
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ぬかるむ Meaning and Use

ぬかるむ has the definition of "to be muddy" in my dictionary, but it is a verb. Furthermore, all the examples use it before a noun, as opposed to saying 丘はぬかるむ. Is it correct to say this? Why is ぬかるむ a ...
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What is なっとらんかった?

拍子抜けって言えば拍子抜けやなぁ。どこも大事にはなっとらんかったみたいやし....なんか踊らせてた感があるわ I don't understand what this part means. I tried looking it up but I can't find anything. Is it a single word? Thanks!
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70 views

How to say “It was fun to have been able to go there” in Japanese?

Which of these sentences is correct? and why? そこに行くことができた楽しかった そこに行くことができて楽しかった
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決めることに賛成です Ni particle

私としては、多数決で決めることに賛成です。 in this sentence why did we use に particle before 賛成です. is 賛成 here working as a noun or adjective ?
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冗談のつもり the grammatical explanation

Since plain form words can attach to つもり, we can just attach the i-adjective 若い to it as is. When our plain form word is a NOUN, we'll add a の after it. And for na-adjectives, we add a な after them. ...
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verb tense in ため clause

I have learnt that we can use a 普通形 before ため but I don't know whether the tense in 普通形 should agree with the tense in the main clause or not. Thanks a lot.
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Difference between ばかり, ところ, and 今?

I’ve gathered that these all can be used like “just” (right?) so I’m wondering what the difference in usage is between them. 今終わった。 終わったばかり。 終わったところ。 Are these all basically the same? (...
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I need help with those sentences: 「~と思われる」「~ように思われる」

日本語を習う時はローマ字を使わない方が良いと思われる。 日本の将来の見込みは暗いように思われる。 彼は金持ちであるように思われる。 Why does the first one use と and the second and third one use ように?
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Why is Katakana not pronounced Katagana?

I am a beginner in Japanese and I've noticed that when two words are compounded into one word the first letter of the second word changes. hira + kana = hiragana ko + hayashi = kobayashi ori + kami ...
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970 views

What's the meaning of こそ in this sentence?

While doing some exercises I found one where I am supposed to insert the correct answer in this dialogue, but I don't understand why it goes こそ。 マイクさん:「ジャンさん、歌うまいね」 ジャンさん:「そんなことないよ。マイクさん…………...
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What are the different uses of iroiro?

I already know there is the adjective iroiro+na, and I've learned that, but recently I've learned that iroiro+to and iroiro+no are different ways to use "iroiro", which I have not learned in class, ...
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やることが多過ぎて気が張っているせいか

多過ぎ - too much て - Why is it there? What's its position relating the grammar? 気 - Does it express intention? What does it represent exactly? 張って - to fill, to do maybe? いるせいか - What is the ...
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101 views

How to understand 才能に有無があるなら多分そういう事だろう

I think that there is a typo in the line and it should be 才能の有無があるなら多分そういう事だろう, however, in either case I am not quite sure what is being said. Here's the exchange for context: わ、私だって努力してるのよ!でも…...
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77 views

Meaning of て form plus てね in dialog

I've come across a portion of dialog, which has some grammar that I have not seen before. Focusing on the portion in bold, what is the purpose of て form plus てね? What does てね mean and is it a ...
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117 views

construction of this sentence here?

この本がバカ売れすれば、遊んで暮らすだけの金が手に入るのに。 Can anyone breakdown this part 遊んで暮らすだけの金 and explain the sentence construction ?
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79 views

Translation help for a short sentence

まじでおまえに愛される気しかねぇんだけど(男です) This is a sentence I saw below a YouTube Japanese music video. As I understand it, it says "To be honest, I only want to be loved by you (But I'm a boy)" But that sounds ...
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Is it possible to join 以下 + しか?

I try to use the limit marker 以下 (less than, up to) with the particle しか to convey that the amount of less than 1万 for a bonus is fewer than expected. Can I use both words together? My sentence is: ...
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怒られるのが sentence construction

怒られるのが怖くて嘘をつくのは、子供にありがちな行動です。 why did we use 怒られるのが as subject ?? what is the sentence constructon
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When is it appropriate to choose にわたって or を通じて in regard to time?

I seem to have a hard time recognizing when to choose either にわたって or を通じて in the following question: この地方は一年(  )暖かく、とても過ごしやすい。 The correct answer is を通じて. My idea is that を通じて would make this say ...
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もらわれていくの grammar

I have problem understanding grammar in this sentence: アニー、もらわれていくのがいやになったの。。。 Could you help to translate it and give links to grammar?
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What does 今一概に言える equate to? “Now, unconditionally said thing?”

I was watching a 45 second video, but ran into some trouble with the above. I will post the entire subtitles for context purposes. テレビ番組を勝手にアップロードするのは違法だからな 10年以下の懲役か1000万円以下の罰金か、その両方だが ...
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If somebody just says “暇か”, what does that mean exactly?

The setting is 4 kids in a park in Japan. The kid sitting on the bench is Ageru-kun, who is uploading a video to the internet, which is illegal in Japan. His 3 friends go up to him and have the ...
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1answer
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What does [Item]やったらなんでも売ってる mean?

So Link (this elf kid) walks into an weapons shop and the seller/vendor says: 武器やったらなんでも売ってるで、金塊次第やなあ! I guess he's saying: If you want to buy weapons, I sell everything, provided you have the ...
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Difference between こと、もの and やつ

I am trying to understand the following clearly: 私のこと 私のもの 私のやつ When someone is talking about us, we can use こと. いいえ、それは私のことではないです No, that is not something related to me. やつ is used when ...
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109 views

ダンスの先生なんだから、上手なはずですよ

ダンスの先生なんだから、上手なはずですよ。 is はずです is work as a noun here ?? as its attached after na adjective
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What's the difference between ないわけにはいかない and ずにすまない??

I think they both mean that you have to do something because there is a social pression like なければならい、but I'm not certain that I can use them interchangeably. Could somebody confirm it?
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noun and adjective in the sentence

what is the difference between these two sentences and where we can use them 先生からの手紙を読めと言われた。 先生からもらった手紙を読めと言われた。     as in first case we use kara to modify ..
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I want to say “There is a convenience store behind the bookstore on the left”

In my book, they translated it in to: Konbini no hidari ushiro ni honya ga arimasu. But from earlier examples of the book it should switch konbini with honya honya no ... Konbini ga... . the ...
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1answer
151 views

Japanese quote marks!

I'm trying to construct a short post for my social media, in Japanese, because many of our customers are Japanese. I don't want to make a mess. I am using a quote from a Japanese review left on ...
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2answers
167 views

Is there a difference between the dekiteru/dekita part in “Junbi wa dekiteru/dekita”,and ii in “junbi wa ii”?

I would like to know if, like: Junbi wa ii Junbi wa dekiteru Junbi wa dekita Are all interchangeable? I feel like the last two mean "Plans are complete" and "Plans have been completed" ...
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Usage of 手伝う and お手伝いをする

I want to say "If I can help with your English studies ...". I thought of three ways, none of which I'm sure is natural: 英語の勉強を手伝ってあげられたら... 英語の勉強のお手伝いをしてあげられたら... 英語の勉強のお手伝いができたら... I looked up ...
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60 views

What's the difference between てかなわない and てたまらない??

To my understanding てたまらない and てかなわない both mean "can't stand/unable to". However, I believe that てかなわない can't be used with adjectives of feeling, while てたまらない can. My question is how can I distinguish ...
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1answer
72 views

What does 次第だ means at the end of a sentence?

I have studied that 次第 can be used to say "as soon as" and "depending on", however these two meaning do not seem to fit when it is at the end of the sentence. According to my book, in this case, it ...
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47 views

There is a difference between Vてこそ, Vばこそ and からこそ?

I think that all of these three forms indicate both a reason, as well the emotional aspect of this reason. Could somebody tell me if I got their meanings right and whether they are interchangeable or ...
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29 views

What is the difference in using the negative て command and the negative な command? [duplicate]

Is one harsher? More common? 歌わないで! 歌うな! What is the difference in these two?