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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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What does “ようと” usually imply in news articles?

Quoted from a Sample Article 日本は、中国やロシアと隣接し、豊富なエネルギー資源がある中央アジアへの関与を強めようと、平成16年から定期的に外相会合を開いています。 In my understanding, this article says that Japan is thought to have ambition in getting involved ...
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I couldn't help but~

interested in thoughts on how to say: I couldn't help but notice (for example)
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Why is こと used in 「私に何かできること」?

How does it turn this into a noun clause? All I get from it is “I can do something” but I don’t see where こと fits in.
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Meaning of とか and こう in context なんかお店とかに、こう歩ってて

なんかお店とかに、こう歩ってて、なんかっす、こう、スベッ、スベッて転んだことが。痛い! What is the meaning of こう how it’s used in this context? And what is the purpose of とか?I know なんか is similar to “like” and っす is short for です so it seems ...
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How to say “if a is happening or b is happening” using たら?

If I wanted to say: If I am cooking or washing clothes, please help. 料理をしている[or]洗濯していたら、手伝ってください。 I know sometimes か is used to mean "or", but wouldn't that be confused with the question of ...
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Saying “and” with two different clauses?

I’ve seen a few threads about saying “and” but I’m not sure what to do if there’s a time element in the second clause. For example, I want to say “I just woke up and I work later.” Would that be 「...
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What this phrase “そういうつもりで” mean?

I found this phrase from a short manga strip. Man: ミチ子さん その金はもしかして... Woman: 元々はあなたの金です。どうぞお取りください。 Man: え? Man: そういうつもりであげた金ではありません!それにこれを取ったらもうおわりってことですよね。 Woman: そうおっしゃらずに。 Man: ...
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Translating “(action X) as (event Y)” - what grammatical structure fits best? (line in a song)

I'm a relative beginner to Japanese. I was trying to translate some song lyrics, and I got stuck badly on "shows fear as he turns to hide". If you don't know the song, we are told of one man on a ...
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How to say “that” as in “the cow that ate” in Japanese?

I'm sure there are plenty of resources on this topic, but I don't know what keywords to use to find them. I want to know how you might create a noun by saying that the noun does something. For ...
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When should I use は?

あれは何ですか what’s that? 今何時ですか what time is it now? I learnt these two sentences from a Japanese learning app. I am confused why the first sentence uses は whereas the second doesn’t. The English ...
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What's the difference between “認められておらず” and “認められず”?

防衛省によりますと、日米地位協定では日本人従業員がアメリカ軍施設の外に銃を持ち出すことは認められておらず、銃刀法違反の疑いがあるということです。 Quoted from NHK Web News Does it make any difference if I replace "認められておらず" with "認められず"?
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う/る+ことになる construction

So, I have an exercise which has 3 sets of sentences. The 1st one is supposed to be translated using ことになる, the 2nd - using ことになった, and the 3rd - ことになっている. The construction itself is pretty ...
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これから in the middle of a sentence?

I was reading an NHK Easy News article today about the measles outbreak and came across this sentence: 厚生労働省{こうせいろうどうしょう}は、4月{がつ}の終{お}わりから5月{がつ}の初{はじ}めの休{やす}みの間{あいだ}に、はしかのウイルスがうつった人{ひと}は、これから熱{ねつ}...
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When is である/な Needed for Certain Words?

While studying grammar I noticed that some words require using である/な when used with a noun/な-adjective respectively. I wanted to see if there was a pattern between which words required them and which ...
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Is it possible to use the 〜たい form with the particle が instead of を? [duplicate]

For example, 寿司【すし】を食【た】べたい。 寿司【すし】が食【た】べたい。 If it is possible, then what is the difference in meaning or nuance? Thank you.
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Asking informal questions with 何

how do you form informal questions with 何 and without ですか? would 何 just go at the end? 「あなたの大好きな季節何?」 and is it appropriate to leave off です or だ with な adjectives and nouns? i’ve seen 〜なの?used, but ...
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Help with grammar of this sentence

I'm not sure about some aspects of the grammar in this sentence: 総会のあと、公明党大阪府本部の佐藤代表は、記者団に対し、都構想そのものへの賛否は白紙だとしたうえで、「法定協議会が再開されれば、いい協定書を作れるよう前向きに協力していくというのがわれわれのスタンスだ」と述べました。 Here is my attempted ...
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Using 何 with the general counter ~つ

Is there a way to use 何 with the general counter ~つ to ask "how many..." in the same vein as in sentences like "何歳ですか。" or "本は何冊買いましたか。"? If not, how do you ask something like "How many ideas do you ...
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Can you answer the question 何を飲みますか? with 水です。?

It doesn’t seem that natural, as 水です seems to mean “It is water”, rather than a shorter form of 水を飲みます.
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What is the purpose of the か in this sentence?

「僕達はあなたがどれほど頑張っているか心配です」 I know that 「か」in the middle of a sentence can be used for embedded questions or as "or," but I don't see any of that here.
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How is Volitional + と used in these sentences?

In these sentences, I don't understand this particular use of volitional + と. It seems that it's interchangeable with ように or ために in these cases. But I've never seen Volitional + と used like this. ...
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What does か at the end of the headline signify? [duplicate]

米追加関税第4弾 3805品目対象、スマホも 措置発動は6月下旬以降か I understand this as, "The USA has added additional tarrif/tax on 3805 articles/products (according to bullet point 4), which includes smartphones. To be put into ...
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2answers
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Help understanding this line - usage of くれる

I'm a bit confused when trying to understand the second line in the below. To add a bit of context to help, the main character has traveled back in time, so that he can stop something bad from ...
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Expressing “to” - stuff to do, a movie to see, etc

how would this use of “to” be expressed in japanese? There are three new movies to see at the theater! We have more food to eat.
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Using ダメ with なくては?

I read that しなくてはダメ means “to have to do something” but someone said ダメ cannot be used with なくては to mean “have to”. I get different answers from different sources, both being Japanese speakers. What ...
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What does らん in 「強からん事を祈る」 mean?

I came across this sentence while reading Osamu Dazai's Ningen Shikkaku. The sentence is pretty long, so I have only included the relevant part. あまりに人間を恐怖している人たちは、かえって、もっともっと、...
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How to say phrases “Can you repeat that” and “can we go to the next question”?

I have a speaking exam coming up and I'm feeling mostly prepared, but after there's an unprepared conversation part which we're also graded on. It's with my teacher but luckily keigo isn't necessary. ...
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Function of と in Xと人気になる

青森県鰺ヶ沢町の店にいる雄の犬の「わさお」は、10年前にインターネットで紹介されて、ライオンのように長い毛と小さな目がかわいいと人気になりました。 Wasao, a male dog in a shop in xxx was shown on the internet ten years ago and, with cute lion-like fur and small eyes, ...
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Saying “I don’t have to…”

would this be 〜なくていい? I don’t have to study - 勉強しなくていい?
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Function of と when used with 続く

I don't understand the function of と when used with と続きます From this sentence in my textbook: 世界で一番インスタントラーメンをたくさん食べる国は中国で451.7億食、その次はインドネシアの137.0億食、日本の51.0億食、アメリカの43.2億食、ベトナムの39.1億食、韓国の33....
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Difference between なきゃand なくちゃ [duplicate]

i understand that they’re short forms of なければ and なくて but i don’t understand the different nuances between them. thanks! ex. 勉強しなきゃ。 vs 勉強しなくちゃ。
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なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの?

なくちゃ is the short informal of なくてはいけません but why is there なくちゃいけないの rather than なくちゃの? For me, なくちゃいけないの sounds like double negative being used here.
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Meaning of じゃダメ in this context? [closed]

「そうですね 今は九時半はは 今日はデッサンの授業があるから、起きないじゃダメ。」 i’m having trouble understanding the meaning of the last sentence. any help would be appreciated!!!
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What function did あり perform in classical Japanese 形容詞?

In classical Japanese, many uses of 形容詞{けいようし} had あり "embedded" in them, e.g.: 熱からず = 「熱し」の連用形+「あり」の未然形{みぜんけい}+「ず」 熱かりたり = 「熱し」の連用形+「あり」の連用形{れんようけい}+「たり」 熱かれ = 「熱し」の連用形+「あり」の命令形{めいれいけい} 熱かる人 = 「熱し」...
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Understanding 自分は in this sentence (and other potential gross misunderstandings)

受話器を置き、口ひげをなでながら、ダーズリー氏は考えた。 He put the receiver down and, while stroking his moustache, Mr Dursely thought. ———まさか、自分はなんて愚かなんだ。 I'm being stupid I'm really stuck on the line ...
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でも (demo) versus けど (kedo) to mean “but”

I learned that you can use でも (demo) at the beginning of a sentence to mean "but," and that you can use けど (kedo) at the end of a sentence to mean "though." However, I don't see a difference between ...
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Sentences without topic particles?

how common is it for there to be sentences like 「私、死んでるよ!」or 「これ、怖い」? is it super informal? any guidelines on when to speak like this?
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Differences between “even if”/“no matter (how much)” structures: としても, ところで, ~ようが/と

I've encountered several forms that mean both "even if" (might be used for example with たとえ), and "no matter (how much)" (used with どんなに, いくら, etc). ~ても ~としても ~ところで ~ようが/と The only difference ...
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Usage of こいつ, あいつ, etc

When can I use こいつ, あいつ, etc? I’ve seen that they can mean he/she/this/that in various contexts but when is it appropriate to use them versus 彼 or 彼女?
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What is the accurate meaning of そうですね/そうですか?

I was told that 'そうですか’ has two basic meanings according to the speaker's accent. One is 'Really? I understand', the other meaning is 'Yes, it is, I know that'. But what about 'そうですね'? Does '...
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2answers
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I need some help understanding the grammar of しのげそうな in この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され

I can understand the gist of what the below sentence is saying; but the part in the first section that's only hiragana (bolded part) is confusing me. この寒さをしのげそうな防寒服を手渡され、それを着込みながら僕は彼女に質問した。 I ...
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Meaning of 文字起こし? [closed]

話し合って、らいあんさんにはエンディング、オープニング、エフェクトなどの編集をお願いします!もう1人お願いする方がいて、その人に文字起こしなどお願いすることになりました! I am working as a video editor for my client and I understand the first sentence, but I am having difficulty ...
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108 views

Reason for using じゃないですか in this sentence?

「えとー、隣に人乗る時ありますけど、なんかこう前が壁じゃないですか。」 The translation in the subtitle was “Because, sometimes people do sit next to me but there’s a sort of wall in front of you.” I don’t understand where the じゃない ...
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1answer
281 views

Help with the grammar だと and なるみたい

So, I was reading a manga, and this sentence came up: 今日予報だと暑くなるみたいだよ。 I translated it as: It looks like it's going to become hot with today's forecast. There are a few questions I'd like to ...
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3answers
495 views

Does this double negative make a positive or negative sentence?

Is that sentence saying that you will worry, or that you won't worry? 最初からユニコーンを見つけるくらい大変だって知っていれば心配しないじゃないですか I'm pretty sure it's saying that you will worry, since she said that a unicorn is ...
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Use of の vs か in questions

i’ve seen japanese speakers switch between both の and か in the same conversation or situation. are there certain phrases where it’s better to use one or the other? for example is の better to use with ...
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59 views

What does it mean these symbols? [closed]

Levi is trying to clean the room with the vacuum cleaner
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3answers
360 views

Meaning/use of ように in this sentence

鳥の絵が得意になり、クリスマスにハトの絵を贈ってくれるようにもなった。 I cannot understand the meaning of ようにもなった in this sentence. I know that 鳥の絵が得意になり、 means "I became good/strong at drawing birds and..." ...