Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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103 views

文の組み立て JLPT N1 Question about word order

I am currently practicing for the N1 JLPT, where the questions require us to assemble the sentences in the correct order. Although the book provides the correct answer, it doesn't provide the correct ...
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Help translating this paragraph: doubts about 「への」and「と共に」forms, and structure of a sentence beggining with 「これ」?

The paragraph is from the introduction to the wikipedia article on David Ben-Gurion: ポーランドのプロニスクで生まれ、パレスチナ移住後はユダヤ系住民のイギリス軍への参加を呼びかけると共に、ナチスの弾圧によって多くのユダヤ系難民がパレスチナへ押し寄せる様になると、...
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Why is 1年 written after 去年1年 in this sentence?

I was reading an article on NHK easy news about whooping cough and I came across this sentence, 去年1年でこの病気になった人と同じぐらいです。I've seen this usage of "time duration" before but I never understood why just ...
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Use of 全て(すべて)in a sentence

Would it be accurate to say: すべてが高かったので何も買いませんでした。 to mean "I did not buy anything because everything was expensive." Is the phrasing correct? And is the use of the particle ”が” accurate or should I ...
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てもいいですか vs. causative verb + もらってもいいですか

電話を使わせてもらってもいいですか。 I know that causative verb form + てもらう means to let somebody do something. And てもいいですか is for asking for permission. But I don't quite understand the use of these 2 constructions ...
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Further clarification on ~てある

This is a follow up to this question regarding the difference between てある and ている. So far I have come across two possible reasons to use てある: てある and ている can both be used to show states, however ...
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285 views

What does ては mean in this sentence?

寝太郎はのんきに空をながめては暮らしておりました。 My translation: Netarou was living by heedlessly looking the sky. What does ては mean in this sentence?
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Asking a question with a negative verb (見なかった?)

In Yotsubato Ch. 1, Fuuka asks Ena: 変な子みなかった? I understand this to mean "Have you seen a strange kid?" But I'm a bit hung up on the negative form of the verb here. Why not ask: 変な子みた? Is there ...
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“Te-form” versus “masu-stem + して” (消しているうちに versus 消ししているうちに)

Is there any difference between 消して and 消しして in the following sentences? For example, A: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消ししているうちに、朝になってしまった。 B: 手紙を書いては消し、書いては消しているうちに、朝になってしまった。
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Because my friend asked me to

こんにちは、みなさん! Hey guys, so, I'm familiar with the verb '聞く' when translating the verb 'to ask', as in for information. But, what about when asking/requesting someone to do something? (Similar to '...
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what does mean in these following phrases the grammar rule 「という」

on my book there are these sentences that I didn't understand 新聞に、来月フランスの大統領が来日するという記事が出ている。 1993年に山形県で最高気温が40度を超えたという記録がある。 日本には、月でうさぎがもちをついているという古くからの言い伝えがあります。 ...
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Why do I need to use のに instead of ので?

食べてばかりいるので、なんで太いじゃないだろう?? I was told for this sentence I should use のに instead of ので. Why is のに better here? It seems like it changes the meaning from “so/since” to “even though”. I wanted to say “...
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Why is the plain negative in this sentence translated as “haven't”?

まだ部屋が暖まらない I encountered this sentence in an Anki deck (core 10k) and I can't seem to wrap my head around it, specifically its translation. According to the deck, the English sentence is "The room ...
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Can one say [ゲームを遊ぶ ]?

So I know that commonly people say 「ゲームをする」or 「NOUNで遊ぶ」 yet on the Japanese playstation website, I see 「ゲームを遊ぶ」written, even though the verb is intransitive. Are they both correct or is it sorta like ...
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たくさん人 or たくさんの人 [duplicate]

I know the more grammatically correct version would be the Takusan NO hito, yet I'm sure I've read and heard both in Japanese media. Is the first a more colloquial way of saying it, or are there ...
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What is the たんだ in と思ってたんだ for the sentence in question?

Here is a sentence that I came across in Yotsuba, 恵那が結婚して出て行く時に使おうと思ってたんだ. I believe the English translation would be something like, "When Ena (恵那) gets married and leaves, I think I'll use this. I ...
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Help understanding 反故にしてついてきて、なんて言うの? 身勝手すぎるでしょ

I'm struggling to correctly understand the meaning of the sentence in bold below. To explain the context: Person 2 originally promised to go together with Person 1 into battle. However, Person 2 has ...
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Is 悪いところを見つかった proper Japanese?

The weblio page for 見つかった uses this phrase as an example meaning "I've been caught." But as I understand it, 見つかる implies that the subject and not the object is the thing that is found. And so I would ...
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Do I have to use nan, ka, or both to ask a question?

I'm going through Genki, and for questions, it gives the example, りゅうがくせいです (I am an international student) can be turned into a question by adding ka to the end. りゅうがくせいですか (Are you an ...
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Confusing use of あくまでも

I have a lot of trouble sorting out the different use of あくまでも. According to goo, the definition is: 1 物事を最後までやりとおすさま。徹底的に。 2 どこまでも。全く。 So something like: Doing something until the very end. ...
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time expression + 置く [duplicate]

I've found this example sentence for 置く in my textbook: 三日置いて治った。(She recovered after three days). I've looked this usage up but really couldn't find anything relevant. Could you clarify how and ...
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来た2日後に vs 来て2日後に vs 来てから2日後に

日本に来た2日後にこの本を買った。 日本に来て2日後にこの本を買った。 日本に来てから2日後にこの本を買った。 I created these sentences from similar-looking examples I found on Google. Are they all grammatical? These all mean "I bought this book two ...
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Why is しない used instead of じゃない?

So I have the following two sentences from the Yotsuba manage chapter 15. うまいか?変な味しないか? I have seen some typos with the manga on the site I'm reading it at, but I don't think this is one. I'm ...
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71 views

Which Japanese Particle should go here, (ni) or (wa)?

わたしの いえ_ へやが みっつ あります。 Essentially what I'm trying to say here is, "There are three rooms in my house"... What should go after ie (house)?
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How to understand 委ねる in this line

I'm failing to understand what it means for the 戦い to 委ねる in the below sentence. Is there anyone who could clarify what it means in this case? この戦いは国の勝ち負けだけじゃなく一人一人がどちらを選ぶのか委ねている Additional ...
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What does ~ながらにして mean?

Can someone please explain the bold grammar? せんてんてき 【先天的】 《ダナ》生まれながらにして持っていること
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Transforming (conjugating) verbs

So I am studying from an online site called Memrise but they seem to teach pretty straightforward stuff that you have to memorize in order to do them. Yeah I can ask and say things but I can notice ...
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Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと

Hi I want to know if the correct written characters for boketto (To daydream) is spelled ぼけっと or ボケっと
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Chaining sentences, and past form

Take the following sentence: "I knew that you were/are an angel" For fun, and since I happened to know the one word of vocabulary required for this, I tried to translate it. To do so, I thought about ...
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Different ways to express 'if A happens'

What is the difference between soshite, suruto and sorede? I am unable to distinguish the used-cases - they all seem to indicate 'If A happens then ....' jibun no koto o otona da to omoimasu ka? ........
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Location of adjectives when a verb uses two particles

私 は 日本語 を 英語 に ちょっとう難し 訳します. だから 辛抱してください. I recntly enrolled on a japanese site and would like to put on my profile that; it may take me alittle while to translate messages from japanese to english ...
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Do you always need the passive voice when saying what happened to you?

For example if I wanted to say “He told me what I needed to know.” would I say 彼に知らなきゃことを教えられた? Or would it be something different? And do I always need to use it if I’m telling someone what ...
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といいんです and といいんですけど

What exactly is the difference between these two phrases. How does けど/が affect the meaning and how does it relate to its meaning of 'but'?
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N + NO/NA/DA + わけ and generic rule?

I found in dictionary わけ is a Noun, However, I see in the book that Noun will go with な when using with わけ, as N な + わけがない/わけはない. Besides わけ, is there any Japanese word that has that exception? Why ...
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Is aniki more “rude” than niisan?

Older brother in Japanese is "Niisan" or "Oniisan", but in your family it is used as "Ani". I have also heard that "Aniki" can be referred as brother, but is more rude. I do not understand in what way ...
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Is there a grammar pattern like 〜うち + Noun? [duplicate]

Context: https://komachi.yomiuri.co.jp/t/2019/0805/908840.htm?g=02 1か月のうち仕事?とよばれるものはトータルで3時間もないと思います。ボタン押すだけです。夕方、鬱屈として叫びだしたくなります。 I think the phrase in bold means "one month's work". What kind of ...
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Sentence ending じゃよ

Maruko:「おとおさんはちょっとは遠慮しながら食べてよ」 Dad:「いいんじゃよ」 Grandad:「そうじゃよ、みんなたくさん食べればいいよ」 Maruko is telling dad to hold back a bit while eating (because the food is a way to thank her grandad). I don't ...
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Function of the sentence final particle こと in this sentence

I am wondering what is the correct way to interpret the こと in this sentence: どこかへお花見に行きませんこと。 It is an example sentence found in the book "All About Particles" (page 120). It's described as being ...
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How to appropriately pair tenses in subordinate and main clauses?

Consider the following combination. Which is the correct one? テレビが私の国で 《できた》 のは1960 《です》。 テレビが私の国で 《できる》 のは1960 《です》。 テレビが私の国で 《できた》 のは1960 《でした》。 テレビが私の国で 《できる》 のは1960 《でした》。 Note: The important ...
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How does なんていう + のも function in this sentence?

その龍が神様だ、なんていうのもウソくさいし、うちみたいな田舎の占い屋が、人間界の代表であることもウソくさい。 My translation: "That dragon is a god - this is what I'd call a sham, as is some rural fortuneteller being the god's representative for the ...
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Confused over role of 「自分が」in this particular passage

I'm reading through Ishikawa Taiga's memoir 『僕の彼氏はどこにいる?』, and I've come across a passage that has me quite confused as far as grammatical structure goes, specifically the role of 自分が in following ...
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Differences between Wa Nai and Ga Nai?

I first learnt Ga as always attached to Arimasen so still trying to grasp the nuances when changed to a Wa. From my understanding of Wa vs Ga differences, it's just simply a matter of topic vs ...
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102 views

Help with かっていうと

I have read some post about the meaning of かっていうと and i understand it should be read as 2 separate particles i.e. か+っていうと However, I can't seem to understand what the this phrase means in the below ...
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新完全マスターN3 drill explanation

The following sentence is marked as wrong: 私は夜遅く帰る代わりに朝早く起きて勉強しています。 However, as I understand it, it can be translated as "On the one hand I come back home late, but on the other hand, I wake up ...
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Sentence (question) ending かい - how is it different from just か?

I sometimes find questions that are normally ended with the question particle か to end with かい. For example: いいかい? そうかい? あいつがどうかしたかい? And sometimes with just い without か (if I understand ...
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comparison between のですから and んだから

Recently I read though the article addressing the question (んだから vs んだ) where it explains the usage of のだから as: 1)話し手も聞き手も知っている事柄に用いられ、「聞き手(あなた)も知ってはいるが、その認識が十分でない」ことを知らせようとする話し手の強い気持ちが入る。 2)...
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Can someone help me figure out what 考えを示しましたが is supposed to mean?

This entry is hard to find on the web. I've only found 2 entries: 1)【that以下】という考えを示す reveal one's idea that 2) 考えを示す to state one's opinion 立花氏は来週にもNHKに出向いて受信契約をする考えを示しましたが、「契約する義務はあるが、支払いは義務ではない」...
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When do you use the particles “ga” or “wo” for certain adjectives? [duplicate]

I understand the differences between using "ga" and "wo" for action verbs and static verbs, but what about for adjectives? For example, typically you would say Xが怖い, but I see several cases where it's ...
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159 views

Trouble understanding 着ていったら

I am having trouble understanding 着ていったら in the following sentence: 明日の夕食会にはどんな服を着ていったら良いですか。 I understand how ~たら is normally used, its more combination with ていっ that seems to be throwing me off. ...
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Expressing “huh” tag?

How would you express this type of tag? For example: Lovers, huh? That’s what you think they are? Would って work? 恋人って?そうと思う?