Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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26 views

Can this sentence be interpreted in more than one way?

I read a sentence 彼女はわかっていた。あるいは、わかっていると思っていた。 It was translated as "She knew, or she thought she knew/knows." Prior to seeing this translation, in my head, I interpreted it as "I knew her, or ...
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話します vs 話しています in a News Article

国は「中止していた特定技能の試験を外国でいつ始めることができるか考えたいと思います」と話しています。 Source: https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10012450361000/k10012450361000.html At the end, the sentence says: 話しています but I don’t get why the ...
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how do i say “I'm excited to play the game with my dad soon”? [closed]

I tried to write it myself, and i got this... (i dont know how to structure sentences) ‪お父さんといっしょにをニーア レプリカントすると楽しみです!‬ Thank you!!!!! :)
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When to use verb ます vs plain form

I have come across the two following sentences: 遊ぶことは犯罪です | Playing is a crime 遊びは終わりだ。 | Fun and games are over (lit. playing is ending) Why is 遊ぶ in plain/dictionary form in the first, and ...
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Noun or Adjective?

I am new to qualifying nouns. Why is the adjective of 好きな used here instead of just 好き as a noun? 猫が好きな女の人は私の友達です Does that means it is wrong to say: 猫が好きあの女の人は私の友達です I am used to seeing 猫が好き,...
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く usage in 場所は昨年と同じく、たから市民会館ホールです [duplicate]

本年もまたお願いいたしたく、ご連絡申し上げました。 場所は昨年と同じく、たから市民会館ホールです。 What is the use of く here? I think it is something like conjugating the verb to ます form then removing ます to connect sentences. For example: ...
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How to tell the function of と at a glance?

国{くに}が今年{ことし}の3[月]{がつ}に調{しら}べると、「[特定]{とくてい}[技能]{ぎのう}」で[働]{はたら}いている人{ひと}は3987[人]{にん}で、考{かんが}えていたよりずっと少{すく}ないことがわかりました。 I’m having difficulty figuring out how と is used here. From past experience it ...
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Usage of が in this paragraph

Once again I have been stumped over the usage of particles in a passage from my textbook. 先生: 最近、アメリカでも魚や豆腐を食べている人が増えてきたらしいです。 学生: はい。 先生: アメリカでも、ヘルシーな食べ物[が]{L}人気[が]{L}出てきたということです。 The ...
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213 views

Can sentence-ending particles be used at the end of an independent clause?

With the sentence: 「僕は今度遠い所へ行くからね、その前一寸お前に遭いに来たよ。」 "I am leaving now to go to a far away place, so before that I came to meet you for a short time." Assuming I read that right, then it seems like ...
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185 views

Function of より before a noun in a phrase

I came across this sentence/fragment from a song: 誰かの演技を真似してみて より自分が分かったり I'm having trouble what the function of the より before the noun is supposed to be doing. Is より自分 a set phrase that doesn't ...
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Doubt about the meaning/usage of「分」

I am reading よつばと. In chapter 1, Yotsuba's father is carrying some boxes when he meets the neighbor Fuuka. She sees the cardboards (ダンボール) in his hands, and says: そのダンボール ゴミに出す分ですか。 And he ...
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が in ゆえに or んがため; が > の shift? [duplicate]

I am well aware that が and の are interchangeable in cases like this where there is a "subordinate clause" (forgive my imprecise language). However, as I was working through my N1 grammar reviews, I ...
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ことが as an infinitive?

若い時にいい友達『を』作ることはとても大事だ。 “It is very important to make friends when one is young.” “To make” is not a noun, it's an infinitive. It should be “making friends” no? I understand that it turns the verb ...
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美味しさに国境はない correct meaning

I’m my text book I have a statement that I couldn’t quite get my head around. 美味しさに国境はない 。 I punched it into translate and it came up “there is no border in taste.” But for this to mean that it would ...
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How was 兼ねて used in this sentence?

I found this sentence while i was doing Anki and I don't really know what this means: the sentence is being said by a teacher because someone asked why are they here and they all are part of a club ...
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Which is correct: の or を + 勉強に [duplicate]

I recently see this sentence: 日本へ美術の勉強に行きます Previous lesson, I learnt that to express "to learn something", we use the pattern: N (The subject to learn) + を + 勉強する But the first sentence uses ...
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Why use 受身形 in “便利になったとはいえ、問題も残されて”?

I came across this sentence in my textbook: 便利になったとはいえ、問題も残されている。 I notice that the sentence use passive voice of "残す". Is there any reason why it doesn't use active form as follows? 便利になったとはいえ、...
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「捨ててしまう」Why are there two て’s used here?

The full sentence was : 「捨ててしまうのはもったいないと思って」 I think to throw away (something) is a waste But why are there two て’s? Why is it not 捨てしまう?
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How was 出さず conjugated from 出す?

When I was sentence mining, I found the following sentence: 自分の名前も顔も出さず ただ傷つけるためだけに Could someone explain how 出さず was conjugated from 出す?
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Can 何も be used with large grammatical constructions? [duplicate]

I recently found the following sentence: 何もこんな所に立ち寄る必要もなかったのではないか。 The translation I can roughly make is: There's absolutely no need [for her, the character they're talking about] to stay in ...
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僕は死んだら vs 僕は死んでも

I was watching an anime and after B sold all his books and gave the money to A so that he could pay rent, A said: 僕は死んだらあなたを守りますよ。 which was translated as "Even if I die, I'll protect you". But I ...
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1answer
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About the specific difference between 見えます and 見られます

I have a question about the specific usage of 見えます and 見られます. As already explained on the net, 見えます is used when something is visible to the speaker or comes into view. 見られます is used instead, when ...
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When do i use は for きのう,きょう,あした? [duplicate]

Example from Minna No Nihongo: Lesson 4 : あした 6 時に起きます。 Lesson 9 : きょう は 早く 帰ります。 Why is は sometimes used with such a time words and sometimes not?
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Meaning of “4歳と14歳で、生きようと思った”

I'm trying to breakdown the tagline for the movie 火垂るの墓 in a movie poster: "4歳と14歳で、生きようと思った" 4歳と14歳で My first guess was that the で here is the て-form of the copula だ, so it just joins that clause ...
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476 views

Meaning/use of ように in this sentence

鳥の絵が得意になり、クリスマスにハトの絵を贈ってくれるようにもなった。 I cannot understand the meaning of ようにもなった in this sentence. I know that 鳥の絵が得意になり、 means "I became good/strong at drawing birds and..." ...
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ことにする versus ようにする

A: 毎日漢字を十覚えることにしている。 B: 毎日漢字を十覚えるようにしている。 Both literally mean I make a rule to remember 10 kanji characters everyday. So what is the difference?
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How to describe something as verb-able?

For example, repairable, usable, etc. I tried a few in deepl and got a mixture of potential, 用, and 可能. My first thought was that it would involve passive, but I guess not. Is there a single method ...
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Seemingly non-interrogative use of sentence-ending か

I keep on coming across the particle か at the end of sentences without it having a clear or necessary interrogative nuance. An example. The 1st Angel in Neon Genesis Evangelion is regenerating itself ...
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Why が instead of は here for reasoning clauses?

Why is it が and not は for the bolded particle?: お寺を見に行くつもりでしたが、天気がよくなかったから、行きませんでした。 We were planning to go to see a temple, but we didn't because the weather was not good. Is it also OK to ...
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what does つった mean?

while i was doing anki i found つった and i dont fully know what this means, is it つって but past tense? here is the full sentence 俺もよくついてる 知ってるものを 知らないっつったって
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in this sentence what function does と take

here is the sentence i know と can have multiple functions ごめんね 私さごめんね 人に合わせないと不安っていうか
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61 views

Using 「という」to describe things

I was learning about how we can use 「という」to describe things and I saw the following example: 日本人{にほんじん}はお酒{さけ}に弱{よわ}いというのは本当{ほんとう}? And my question is, what is the use of 「という」when used to describe ...
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Difference between using が and の in these sentences [duplicate]

I have two examples here where the particle の is used where I would've used が so I was hoping someone could explain if there's a difference in these instances, or if either is acceptable. 主人のいない侍 ...
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Can 気 be used for advice?

I’m reading an article about the corona virus. They’re giving instructions to follow in order to prevent reappearance of the virus. 緊急事態宣言が終わっても、新しいコロナウイルスはなくなっていないので、気をつけなければなりません。 毎日の生活では、...
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What's the difference between だって vs にしたって

I encountered にしたって here. 彼は日本語を20年も勉強しているが、その彼にしたって、まだ分からない文法に時々出くわすそうだ。 If the sentence is changed to 彼は日本語を20年も勉強しているが、その彼だって、まだ分からない文法に時々出くわすそうだ。 does it change the meaning of the ...
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Sentence Structure Question

So I’ve asked a similar questions before here, think I’m right here but just wanted to make sure So the sentence ‘Yesterday 3 guests came over to my house’, am I right in saying it can be said in ...
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About ~てもらいました、~てくれました、~てあげました [closed]

What is the meaning of those 私は佐藤さんに傘を貸してもらいました。 佐藤さんはわたしに傘を貸してもくれました。 佐藤さんは私に傘を借りてもらいました。 私は佐藤さんに傘を貸してあげました。
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Use of こと in this sentence

Definition: 学校の授業や会合などに出ること。 Word: 出席 (Attendance) I have copied over the word "出席" and its definition above in a dictionary I am referring to. From my understanding, I assume こと is added as a ...
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64 views

Can a て conjunction be used in a relative clause?

I considered a situation where two modifying clauses are joined by a て conjunction and wondered if such a thing was too ambiguous to be commonly used. (Brackets show what is being used as a modifying ...
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How does ないと signify “must” in Japanese sometimes?

So my language resources gave me this sentence, in many forms and I still cant understand where "must" comes from or the need to in the Japanese. It's frequent, and I'm assuming a grammar phrase with ...
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Confused over which is more grammatically correct here: ~たことをごめんなさい or ~たことはごめんなさい

この世に生まれたことを本当にごめんなさい! この世に生まれたことは本当にごめんなさい!
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53 views

What does 言いあったり mean and how is it conjugated?

I recently found 言いあったり in one of my sentences, and I can't seem to find what it means. お前らが誰かとあれこれ言いあったり
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Why can we not use に to mark absolute time with i-adjectives?

EDIT: Still looking for a complete answer. Please read the edit below. This is something I've been wondering for some time now. And this is also not related to relative temporal nouns, I understand ...
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どっちも meaning: both vs either

A customer in a store is hesitating which of the two items to buy. A shop assistant or a friend encourages him:「どっちも買っちゃいましょう」. Could this mean "You should buy both"? Could this mean "You should buy ...
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How to interpret 入っちゃって as a command?

A mother is telling her kid: 「お風呂わいたから入っちゃって」. From the context, I am guessing it means "The water's heated up, come in (take the bath)!". I don't understand how「入っちゃって」 could mean a request / ...
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Can you build the passive with Verb te-form + しまいました instead of the passive form of the verb?

I came across this sentence: パトカーに 捉まってしまいました。 The book I am using, explains に is used here to indicate the passive form. I looked up a video explaining it by Misa from Japanese Ammo. She explains ...
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105 views

what does いて mean in ここにいても [duplicate]

hi im doing subs2srs decks and im going through the cards looking at grammer and i found this card that says ここにいてもでくることはなさそうだな and i dont understand how いて works.
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120 views

「見つかりません」v.s.「見つけません」

In my Japanese textbook, there’s a fill-in-the-blank question (and here I will modify it into a multiple-choice question for better comparison and contrast): さっきから携帯電話を探しているのですが、 A. 見つかりません。 B. ...
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what does なりたかった mean and what are the words that makes it? [closed]

i found this word and i can't seem to find what it means なりたかっhere is the full sentence なりたかったんだろあんなふうに誰かに認められて
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135 views

Why is 見つけません inappropriate here?

Well, actually, I may have some idea why 見つけません is inappropriate; I'm less clear why 見つかりません is significantly less so. My question is a follow-on to this answer from @naruto to a recent question (by ...

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