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Questions tagged [grammar]

文法. A collective term for syntax (the way sentences are put together) and morphology (forms of words, including the way new words are put together). Often used to describe function words such as particles, to describe word endings, and to talk about general sentence structure.

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adjectives + narimasu

Good evening, I've been studying Japanese here in Tokyo for about a month now in a Nihongo Gakuin. One of the lessons that we encountered was adding adjectives + narimasu like for example: osoi = ...
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How is では used under these contexts?

I'm trying to understand a specific uses of で + は particle, and I would like a more detailed explanation of how it's used. I referred to these 3 resources: デジタル大辞泉 Weblio コトバンク Namely, there are 2 ...
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1answer
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Is there a negative form for adverbs?

So if you want to say you walk quickly you say 早く歩く. Great. Now, suppose you want to say you walk unquickly. Could you potentially say something like 早くなく歩く? The obvious answer is you simply say you ...
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240 views

“~Ni” or “~De”?

Should I use (に or で) for the following lines? Since they are time periods, I thought に would be correct, according to Times The particle ni is usually used with times: Go-ji ni ...
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ようとする and ようとしている

I don't know what's the difference between ようとしている and ようとする. But I know ようとした. ようとしている and ようとする mean " be about to do something" but I can't differentiate the ようとする and ようとしている. Sometimes they use ...
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1answer
33 views

What is the difference between て phrase ending verbs and nominalized verb-stem phrase ending verbs? [duplicate]

For example in the sentence 政府は学校や病院を建設し、教師や医療スタッフの訓練も始めた。What's the difference in the first phrase ending in 建設し rather than 建設して?
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146 views

~ ないで for 'without doing ~' and 'don't ~'

I know that if you use ~ないで after a verb it could either mean "without doing ~verb" as 何も見えないで (without seeing anything) or it could mean "don't do ~" as 見つめないで (don't stare at me). How can know when ...
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role of -られ, -し, and construction of the phrase

Trying to translate a song lyric and was caught off guard by this sentence: 雨に降られ行き場なくしなんの罰さ?と空を睨む I feel like I get the gist of it, but uncertain that my parsing is accurate so far. Here's what ...
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105 views

Can だ be left off in informal sentences?

In declarative statements I’ve gathered that saying just 「これ新聞だ」for example would be too forward or a bit aggressive. So could you just say 「これ新聞」or even just 「新聞」for informal sentences? I understand ...
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Help a translating this phrase

I was reading a manga and the grammar of this phrase kinda confused me: 今日三条くんの会社からなかったことにしてくれって連絡あったらしくて。 For context, the character is saying this to a second character about a third character's ...
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このれいさい this cottage industry [on hold]

Mega Man Legends 2 バンコスカス: オマエら、静かにしろ、仕事の邪魔だ Klaymoor: Shut your traps! I'm trying to listen to what he's saying! な、なんだと、このれいさい空賊がぁ! Teisel: What did you say, you big tin can!? What do you think ...
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123 views

Expressing that something is multiple things at the same time (e.g. “She is an artist and a poet”)

How does one express multiple states of equality? (Probably the wrong terminology.) For example, "She is an artist and a poet" in Japanese. I know です can be used to show equality. For example:「彼女{...
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2answers
50k views

だって (datte) meaning

What are the possible uses for だって?
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801 views

便利な工具 what does な means

What does the な in the center means.Is it a particle.
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3answers
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How to say “that” as in “the cow that ate” in Japanese?

I'm sure there are plenty of resources on this topic, but I don't know what keywords to use to find them. I want to know how you might create a noun by saying that the noun does something. For ...
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2answers
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How do you say “or” at the beginning of a sentence?

For example, if I was saying something like “Did you buy the groceries?” and then I wanted to add “Or do you want me to?” how would I translate the “or” at the beginning? Another example: “Do you ...
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Is this grammatical: 彼は映画スターであり、政治家もだ。

I was about to ask a question but I can't without first confirming, Is this sentence: 彼は映画スターであり、政治家もだ。 grammatically correct, and mean: He is a movie star and also a politician. ==Follow-up ...
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128 views

How does が mark the subject in this sentence?

I'm trying to understand the way が is used in the following sentence: すると、難しい講義を聞いた後では平均123ミリグラムも上がった血糖値が、面白い話を聞いて笑った後では、平均77ミリグラムしか上がらなかったという結果が出たそうです。 In this case I believe it is a "subject " ...
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2answers
355 views

拈得せん in a writing by Genkaku

水中に月を捉ふ爭でか拈得せん What does 拈得せん mean there? Is some classical construction? I cant quite find an explanation for it
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Could you help me understand the use of くれ in this example?

I'm new to Japanese Stack Exchange. I've been studying Japanese with Rocket Japanese for the past two months and would love to have a resource to ask for some advice and guidance when I spend far too ...
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What are some special ways to use よく besides “often” and “well”?

I’ve seen よく used in a variety of contexts outside of the basic “often” and “well”. 「よくよくのことがないと実家には帰らない。」 「よく聞いたら試験は、明日だった。」 「よく言うよ!」 Just a few examples. What are some different ways it can be ...
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1answer
139 views

What is the function of は in the context?

Previously, I learnt basic expressions like “アダムさんは先生です。”,”アダムさんは医者ですが。” I thought は functions like “am/is/are” in English. But when I start learning Japanese verb this morning, I got a bit confused. ...
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What is the verbかけ- form used ? If any examples then please explain

Which sentence is correct for example,"They didn't call me/invited me for the meeting!" I tried to making below sentences but i am not sure which one is correct(or no one): 私を会議に招待していません。/ ...
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2answers
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てくれる vs てもらう when the topic or subject is implied

From my understanding てくれる and てもらう "mean the same" from the "receiver" point of view, but the way the topic and subject are placed is a bit different, for instance: 僕は友達にゲームのやり方を教えてもらった and ...
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1answer
185 views

Saying “and” with two different clauses?

I’ve seen a few threads about saying “and” but I’m not sure what to do if there’s a time element in the second clause. For example, I want to say “I just woke up and I work later.” Would that be 「...
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1answer
129 views

っていうことになったんですけど - meaning?

I had just received a somewhat rushed 'transliteration' of a 1 minute video. To me, Shigeru Miyamoto speaks in a way which is extremely difficult to understand. I am adding the full transcript just ...
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Need help translating monologue [closed]

I'm working on a short 3-4 minute film called "Finding Iesu", and I just need a few sentences translated. (Either phonetically or in kana is fine. Just avoid using kanji please). My biggest ...
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1answer
195 views

のです abbreviated to んで?

「いろんな種類あるんで。」 Is this just an abbreviation of のです? Or is it supposed to be ので? I’ve seen んで a handful of times so I thought I would ask about it!
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1answer
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What does “ようと” usually imply in news articles?

Quoted from a Sample Article 日本は、中国やロシアと隣接し、豊富なエネルギー資源がある中央アジアへの関与を強めようと、平成16年から定期的に外相会合を開いています。 In my understanding, this article says that Japan is thought to have ambition in getting involved ...
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61 views

I couldn't help but~ [closed]

interested in thoughts on how to say: I couldn't help but notice (for example)
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2answers
188 views

Why is こと used in 「私に何かできること」?

How does it turn this into a noun clause? All I get from it is “I can do something” but I don’t see where こと fits in.
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1answer
124 views

Meaning of とか and こう in context なんかお店とかに、こう歩ってて

なんかお店とかに、こう歩ってて、なんかっす、こう、スベッ、スベッて転んだことが。痛い! What is the meaning of こう how it’s used in this context? And what is the purpose of とか?I know なんか is similar to “like” and っす is short for です so it seems ...
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1answer
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How to say “if a is happening or b is happening” using たら?

If I wanted to say: If I am cooking or washing clothes, please help. 料理をしている[or]洗濯していたら、手伝ってください。 I know sometimes か is used to mean "or", but wouldn't that be confused with the question of ...
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1answer
575 views

What this phrase “そういうつもりで” mean?

I found this phrase from a short manga strip. Man: ミチ子さん その金はもしかして... Woman: 元々はあなたの金です。どうぞお取りください。 Man: え? Man: そういうつもりであげた金ではありません!それにこれを取ったらもうおわりってことですよね。 Woman: そうおっしゃらずに。 Man: ...
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2answers
200 views

Translating “(action X) as (event Y)” - what grammatical structure fits best? (line in a song)

I'm a relative beginner to Japanese. I was trying to translate some song lyrics, and I got stuck badly on "shows fear as he turns to hide". If you don't know the song, we are told of one man on a ...
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2answers
93 views

When should I use は?

あれは何ですか what’s that? 今何時ですか what time is it now? I learnt these two sentences from a Japanese learning app. I am confused why the first sentence uses は whereas the second doesn’t. The English ...
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1answer
95 views

What's the difference between “認められておらず” and “認められず”?

防衛省によりますと、日米地位協定では日本人従業員がアメリカ軍施設の外に銃を持ち出すことは認められておらず、銃刀法違反の疑いがあるということです。 Quoted from NHK Web News Does it make any difference if I replace "認められておらず" with "認められず"?
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1answer
64 views

う/る+ことになる construction

So, I have an exercise which has 3 sets of sentences. The 1st one is supposed to be translated using ことになる, the 2nd - using ことになった, and the 3rd - ことになっている. The construction itself is pretty ...
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1answer
109 views

これから in the middle of a sentence?

I was reading an NHK Easy News article today about the measles outbreak and came across this sentence: 厚生労働省{こうせいろうどうしょう}は、4月{がつ}の終{お}わりから5月{がつ}の初{はじ}めの休{やす}みの間{あいだ}に、はしかのウイルスがうつった人{ひと}は、これから熱{ねつ}...
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145 views

When is である/な Needed for Certain Words?

While studying grammar I noticed that some words require using である/な when used with a noun/な-adjective respectively. I wanted to see if there was a pattern between which words required them and which ...
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2answers
105 views

Is it possible to use the 〜たい form with the particle が instead of を? [duplicate]

For example, 寿司【すし】を食【た】べたい。 寿司【すし】が食【た】べたい。 If it is possible, then what is the difference in meaning or nuance? Thank you.
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1answer
80 views

Asking informal questions with 何

how do you form informal questions with 何 and without ですか? would 何 just go at the end? 「あなたの大好きな季節何?」 and is it appropriate to leave off です or だ with な adjectives and nouns? i’ve seen 〜なの?used, but ...
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1answer
96 views

Help with grammar of this sentence

I'm not sure about some aspects of the grammar in this sentence: 総会のあと、公明党大阪府本部の佐藤代表は、記者団に対し、都構想そのものへの賛否は白紙だとしたうえで、「法定協議会が再開されれば、いい協定書を作れるよう前向きに協力していくというのがわれわれのスタンスだ」と述べました。 Here is my attempted ...
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1answer
301 views

Using 何 with the general counter ~つ

Is there a way to use 何 with the general counter ~つ to ask "how many..." in the same vein as in sentences like "何歳ですか。" or "本は何冊買いましたか。"? If not, how do you ask something like "How many ideas do you ...
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2answers
159 views

Can you answer the question 何を飲みますか? with 水です。?

It doesn’t seem that natural, as 水です seems to mean “It is water”, rather than a shorter form of 水を飲みます.
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1answer
60 views

What is the purpose of the か in this sentence?

「僕達はあなたがどれほど頑張っているか心配です」 I know that 「か」in the middle of a sentence can be used for embedded questions or as "or," but I don't see any of that here.
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1answer
119 views

How is Volitional + と used in these sentences?

In these sentences, I don't understand this particular use of volitional + と. It seems that it's interchangeable with ように or ために in these cases. But I've never seen Volitional + と used like this. ...
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0answers
53 views

What does か at the end of the headline signify? [duplicate]

米追加関税第4弾 3805品目対象、スマホも 措置発動は6月下旬以降か I understand this as, "The USA has added additional tarrif/tax on 3805 articles/products (according to bullet point 4), which includes smartphones. To be put into ...
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2answers
267 views

Help understanding this line - usage of くれる

I'm a bit confused when trying to understand the second line in the below. To add a bit of context to help, the main character has traveled back in time, so that he can stop something bad from ...
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1answer
61 views

Expressing “to” - stuff to do, a movie to see, etc

how would this use of “to” be expressed in japanese? There are three new movies to see at the theater! We have more food to eat.