Questions tagged [gemination]

促音化. Gemination happens when a spoken consonant is pronounced for an audibly longer period of time than a short consonant. Gemination is distinct from stress and may appear independently of it. In Japanese this is marked by a small っ.

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41
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4answers
4k views

How did “little tsu” become a lengthener?

How did it come about historically that っ preceding a sound would geminate it? Is it really a little つ or are they just near homomorphs?
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What does the little っ (tsu) signify when at the end of a word?

The small っ (tsu) is usually used before a consonant to indicate gemination, less technically known as doubled consonants, which is how they are transliterated in romaji. I have seen it at the end of ...
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3answers
582 views

Repeating the vowel sound of the mora that precedes gemination in songs

I noticed that in songs, the vowel sounds of the morae that come before geminations are sometimes repeated. For example, the first lyric line of “マジカルちょーだいっ” is sung as しらんぷりをしたあって where the line is ...
9
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2answers
810 views

Are there many words that have the same pronunciation ambiguity as Nihon/Nippon?

Wikipedia says that 日本 can be pronounced either [にっぽん]{nippon} or [にほん]{nihon}. Does this ambiguity in pronunciation happen with other words? If so, does it only happen with words that originated ...
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1answer
268 views

Why was つ originally used to mark consonant gemination? When was that?

I can't find the answer anywhere. It seems that in manyougana consonant gemination was not marked in any way. And before the 1946 reform the normal size つ was used instead of the current smaller one....
9
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1answer
591 views

How do you geminate ら-line sounds?

This is my current understanding of gemination (促音, /Q/, small っ): in native Japanese words, only the following sounds can be geminated: /k/, /s/, /t/, /p/. Additionally, in loanwords we can geminate ...
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3answers
260 views

In compound words what is it called when two Ks assimilate into a っ?

Eg. 厄介、欲求、直径、即興、却下、借金、引っ越す、北海道、積極、薬局 Wouldn't っ normally require the first onyomi to have a tsu ending? Why doesn't it happen in certain words like 加湿器?
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4answers
309 views

Bridging tsu (“つ”) when joining two kanji

I am currently studying Japanese grammar through Japanistry's Grammar Guide (https://www.japanistry.com/the-number-system/) I've come across a section when it says that a reading changes when two ...
5
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2answers
401 views

Adverb followed by って

おいらなんて、怒られっぱなしの人生だもんねーー。アハハ。でもおもしろくって仕方ないもんねー。 For me, it's the life of being got angry at. Ha Ha. But, interesting(ly)...it can't be helped ?? I'm guessing this is おもしろく (interestingly) with ...
5
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1answer
92 views

Decimal points and sound change of counters

I understand that when a series of numbers in Japanese includes a decimal point each number is voiced individually with the decimal point pronounced as てん as in the following example: 9.76 = ...
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1answer
687 views

What does “fūtsu” mean?

This is from Yuki-onna: Mosaku no kao ni iki wo fu-tsu to fukikaketa. The "fuutsu/fu-tsu" is written in katakana and is most likely an onomatopoeic word, related to breathing. It's not essential ...
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4answers
922 views

In だったっけ, why is the second “っ”(tsu) used when it can't be connected to “け”(ke)?

From what I understand, っ is used to "double" the "t" sound, so in だった it makes sense because it's pronounced "datta", but why is it used in the second part of the phrase? Full sentence: "...
4
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1answer
191 views

っ(sokuon) usage

Can i use the っ to replace the ん in こんにちは, it would still be konnichiwa right? If i can't then please explain to me why.
4
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1answer
641 views

What is the correct way to romanize ッジ?

According to Wikipedia, ッチ is rendered as tch, not cch (etchi not ecchi). Logically I would think that ッジ would then be dj but there's no example of it. What is the correct way? dj or jj? Is there any ...
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1answer
222 views

Why does gemination happen in many 真 compounds?

Inspired by https://japanese.stackexchange.com/a/38733/3295 Some examples from Wiktionary: 真っ暗 (makkura, "total darkness") 真っ向 (makkō, "directly opposite", "right in front") 真っ黒 (makkuro, "...
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2answers
501 views

Do native speakers learn consonant and vowel length easily, or is it difficult?

Just want to ask if this is normal or I am just fighting the wrong way. かっこいい say this word has the final 2 い which shall take 2 length of the i sound. I am struggling to keep trying to speak with 2 ...
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1answer
270 views

Grammar analysis of “ぽくって”

Recently I heard the sentence: 強い、より命令ぽくってその人がこうもらえると思ってるものを返してほしい when the teacher was trying to explain difference between "要望" and "要求". I am wondering if "ぽくって" is the informal "テ形" of "っぽい" ...
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1answer
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Why is saki in japanese written as さつき? there's other times I've seen the tsu in words without being pronounced. Why is this?

Why is saki in japanese written as さつき? there's other times I've seen the tsu in words without being pronounced. Why is this?
2
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1answer
90 views

Why is gemination limited to voiceless obstruents?

According to The Phonology of Japanese by Laurence Labrune: Consonants likely to undergo gemination, that is, likely to be preceded by /Q/ in Yamato (including mimetics) and in Sino-Japanese ...
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1answer
176 views

Long vowel followed by っ

I've noticed that it seems rare to have a long vowel followed by a geminate consonant (っ + consonant). The only example I can think of is when attaching a suffix like 〜って to a word ending in a long ...
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1answer
76 views

What is the middle character in Todd (Katakana) [duplicate]

While learning Katakana, I was instructed to try and translate my name Todd. I ended up with トド. When I look it up online, I see トッド everywhere. ッ appears to be 'tsu'. I think I am missing something ...
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2answers
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Is っ used with all consonants or only some of them?

I need to make simple romaji to hiragana conversion for a word based game. When implementing long consonants, I ran into a potential problem of ambiguous conversion. My question is, is っ used with all ...
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1answer
453 views

Why is やっぱり (yappari) spelled the way it is? [duplicate]

I started learning Japanese very recently. The spelling of やっぱり (yappari) seems odd to me. The second letter in やっぱり is tsu in hiragana (っ) which is not pronounced. Why?
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1answer
189 views

Is 'うつさい' equivalent to 'うるさい' in this context? Why?

Is 'うつさい' equivalent to 'うるさい' in this context? Why? I can't find 'うつさい' in the dictionary and Google translate, so I tried inputting the Chinese version of the text(i.e '吵') into Google translate ...
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1answer
98 views

Regarding ようか and the role of か in it

I'm new to learning Japanese and I was watching a Japanese TV drama and came across this sentence "ちょっと降りよっか。". And it translated as "Let's go down" I heard that よっか is the colloquial form of ようか. ...
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0answers
78 views

Writing conventions / pronounciations for words with っ

I'm currently trying to figure out on how to do karaoke for some songs and I got a bit confused about the following. So let's say you have the words like ずっと [zutto] のって [notte] How would you ...
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143 views

Problem with sentence ぶった!この子ぶった! [duplicate]

What does ぶった mean in this context? I can't find the word in any dictionary.