Questions tagged [dictionary]

辞書. Questions regarding those resources, paper or digital, which typically list many words of a language in a specified order, along with usually a definitions or a close equivalent in another language. Many other specialized types of dictionary also exist.

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16
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2answers
1k views

How would I know whether a word existed and was commonly used N years ago?

Suppose I'm writing a novel that takes place N years ago, say N = 80. Given the dramatic increase of loanwords in the past century, especially from English, what would be the best way (if there is any)...
16
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2answers
835 views

Nuances between the different kanji spellings of あける:明ける vs. 開ける vs. 空ける

開ける, 明ける and 空ける are all read as あける. From their kanji, it is obvious that 開ける has to do more with opening (a door etc), 明ける with dawning and 空ける with emptying... However, JMDict gives the exact ...
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1answer
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Some Japanese dictionaries (e.g. 大辞林, 大辞泉, and 明鏡国語辞典) use this inverted triangle outline symbol (▽) for some kanji compounds. What does it mean?

It doesn't apply to all the words, just some. Here are examples of words from that are marked with that symbol 悪い (with reading にくい): 大辞泉; 大辞林 面倒くさい (with reading めんどくさい): 大辞泉; 大辞林 皆 (with reading ...
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6answers
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Japanese dictionary for mathematics/computer science jargon [closed]

I study mathematics and computer science, and I'm starting to learn japanese. Could you suggest me dictionaries/sites/etc where I could learn terminology on these subjects?
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1answer
1k views

What does exactly does さま mean in dictionary definitions?

I've been using Japanese-Japanese dictionaries for a while now and this keeps popping up. It seems to me like a kind of usage that is found for the most part only in dictionaries. Can anyone help ...
11
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2answers
369 views

Written resources for scientific and philosophic japanese?

In this Question about computer science jargon, most answers to date are electronic resources and that makes sense. But I would like to know if there are printed japanese/english or japanese/german ...
10
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4answers
749 views

What should I look for in a dictionary to help me study? [closed]

As per the title, what should I look for in a dictionary to help me study Japanese? Are there certain things that I should look for in the dictionary or are they all pretty much the same? To ...
10
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4answers
2k views

Is there an online list of frequently used words in the news?

There are a few books with lists of words and kanji compounds found in the news. Like this one, this one, and this one. However, unless one wants to spend a lot of time doing data entry, they don't ...
9
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2answers
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What would be the closest native Japanese word to エラー in the context of IT?

Is there a Japanese word alternative to エラー that can be used in the context of IT? If not, what would be the closest? 間違い、誤り、過ち... would any of this work or what would be the most suitable in this ...
9
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1answer
600 views

What is the thing written in grey that sometimes shows up in the macOS Sierra dictionary app?

In the macOS Sierra dictionary app, sometimes when I look up a word, there is sometimes this thing that's in grey written on the right of the word that I searched. For example, 管理人: The thing written ...
9
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1answer
729 views

Difference between 誤解 and 勘違い

Japanese - English dictionaries translate both as "misunderstanding" or "wrong guess." Upon consulting dictionary.goo.ne.jp, I found: 誤解 - When the facts and the true intentions of a partner's words ...
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8answers
22k views

I am looking for an online Japanese dictionary with audio pronunciations [closed]

Does anyone know any online Japanese dictionary which provides audio reading?
8
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1answer
488 views

What does やや書 indicate?

What does the "marker" (?) やや書 used in Japanese-English dictionaries indicate? In addition how would you pronounce the phrase when citing someone a definition from a dictionary? やや書{しょ}? やや書{...
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2answers
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Why are there multiple katakana readings for a single kanji?

When I look at a kanji word I see one, or multiple Hiragana pronunciations (or should I call it translation?) - sometimes the pronunciations are for different kanjis, but that's not the question. I'...
7
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2answers
2k views

Japanese word for “savage” (modern usage)

I am trying to translate some dialogue in which one person calls another "savage", in the modern sense of 'brutally direct and merciless in criticism, humor, or behavior.' My question is: is there a ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of ー・

Can someone tell me what the notation "ー・" means? It's all over this article: 大辞林「いう【言う・云う・謂う】」
6
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1answer
700 views

Is 胡 missplaced in the Kodansha Kanji Learner's Dictionary? [closed]

I recently tried to look up the kanji 胡 in the Kodansha Kanji Learner's Dictionary, which uses the SKIP method to look up each kanji, and I couldn't find it. It seemed to me a relatively ...
6
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1answer
649 views

また usage in a dictionary

When I look up the Japanese definition (at dictionary.goo.ne.jp) of the word 好き嫌い, this is the definition that gets shown: 好きなことと、嫌いなこと。また、えりごのみ。 I can't figure out if 好きなことと、嫌いなこと。is a separate ...
6
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2answers
930 views

How was the first Japanese-English dictionary made?

How was the first Japanese-English dictionary made? In other words, how could the author map correctly each Japanese word to its corresponding one in English?
6
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1answer
356 views

What are the Japanese terms for “character dictionary”? “漢辞海”? “漢字典”?

I'm looking for a cheap secondhand character dictionary in Japan but: I don't know if there is one or more kind of these, and I don't know what they are called. Two I saw had these on their spines, ...
6
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2answers
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Meaning and translation of "プラスアルファ”

A friend asked me to translate into English a short text. The context is Tokyo being a global city where people gather and experience a variety of lifestyles and values (価値観), and where art, culture, ...
6
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1answer
669 views

What does “sensitive” or “sens” mean?

For example, Jisho marks 医者 (doctor) as sensitive, as does the flashcard set I've been using. I don't understand what this annotation means; "doctor" doesn't seem like a particularly sensitive term to ...
5
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1answer
303 views

Are all words stripped of bikago when listed in dictionaries?

When checking dictionaries (jisho.org and Wiktionary) for お名前, I found that it wasn't listed as お名前, but only as 名前. Do most dictionaries strip bikago from all words, or do they typically strip bikago ...
5
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2answers
795 views

What is the order of the full list of kana?

My question would be, if I were to pick up a Japanese dictionary, or had a project in which I needed to put several Japanese words (including hiragana, katakana, and kanji, with gojūon, dakuon, yōon, ...
5
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1answer
248 views

Dictionary entry legend

I'm reading the section on sanseido.net about how entries from a certain dictionary are laid out but I'm having a little trouble understanding the section below. As far as I can tell, ▼ is put on the ...
5
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1answer
313 views

-たい words and a student's confusion

I was doing some Rosetta Stone earlier, and I came upon a sentence ending with: 行きたいです。 Noting the "たい" part, I was reminded of the word 食べたいです which I think I first saw in Japanese 1010, and ...
5
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4answers
539 views

How to express that something “must be + adj” as in “we must be strong”?

I am not talking about consequences, such as in "I can't find my wallet, I must have lost it" in which case I think something like ~に違いない could be used. Rather, I would like to know how to express ...
5
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1answer
184 views

What exactly are ア行-category verbs?

The question Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs? is about different verb categories. I was surprised to find a ア行-category mentioned, and when I checked on weblio, they seemed to have listed ...
5
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1answer
384 views

even on 常用漢字表{じょうようかんじひょう}, no kanji have an official 送{おく}り仮名{がな}?

Recently, I was talking with a friend regarding the 常用漢字表 as specified here I noticed that the 送り仮名 property of kanjis is not specified. She was a little puzzled, but concluded that the 文部省{もんぶしょう} ...
4
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2answers
705 views

響: what is N5116?

I'm studying kanji and just got to this character recently. Kanji dictionaries all over the internet list "also N5116" as one of its meanings but what exactly is that N5116? I tried googling it a bit ...
4
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3answers
815 views

Where can I find the nuance/meaning differences between words with different kanji options?

This question is related to the questions (here) and (here) regarding a word or verb with multiple kanji options, for example [作る、造る、創る] or [蔵、倉、庫] Is there a resource somewhere that will tell me ...
4
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1answer
211 views

What does '-' mean?

Namely here, a definition of 含む 「三省堂」: 〈五〉 内部{ないぶ}に‐入{い}れておく(つつみもつ). (派)(~)み My intuition suggests it could stress the class of 'inside things' to make it more abstract (putting inside anything as ...
4
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1answer
188 views

What is the difference between 生成{せいせい} and 作成{さくせい}?

What is the difference between 生成{せいせい} and 作成{さくせい}? 例:ソースファイル生成 As per my point of view 生成 and 作成 gives same meaning. Please explain clearly with example where should we use 生成 and where should ...
4
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0answers
246 views

Dictionary with high low pitch intonation reading? [closed]

Forgive me if there is a more appropriate technical term for the thing I'm searching for. When I studied Japanese in Taiwan a few years back, I learned that it was important to learn the right high ...
3
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1answer
1k views

What does 動ラ下二 means? And how to pronounce it?

Saw it in a jisho but I have no idea what it means.
3
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2answers
194 views

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean?

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean? どりょく‐か 努力家 In official Japanese-language typesetting, which Unicode character should it be? I suspect it is not the minus sign character on ...
3
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4answers
2k views

What is the most “comprehensive” kanji dictionary?

I tried a quick search among similar questions but could not find exactly what I would like to know. In Chinese, there is a huge dictionary called 汉语大词典 that covers more than 54600 characters (at ...
3
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2answers
467 views

Dictionary definition of multiple words with identical pronunciation but different kanji

Recently I've been using the スーパー大辞林 Japanese dictionary, because it is built-in to all my Apple devices. But I frequently find words where there is a single entry in the dictionary, but 2 or 3 ...
3
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1answer
148 views

What are the katakana in the definition headers of jp-jp dictionaries?

The image below is the definition of 一員 in the 明鏡国語辞典 what is this ─ヰン?
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Why 梱入 does not appear in any dictionary?

On a parcel that came from Japan, there is this sentence: お客様のご注文の品が梱入されております。 The meaning is clear: “There are customer’s goods in the package.” What puzzles me though is, why I could’t find the ...
3
votes
1answer
317 views

What is the meaning of 起こし in this sentence?

I"m trying to translate the following sentence into English for a assignment in my translation workshop class. 僕は身体を起こし, あらためて彼女に視線を持っていった. The bolded part has me confused due to the strange shi ...
3
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2answers
110 views

Why is その used here?

I found this definition of 食用{しょくよう}: 食べ物として用いること。また、その食べ物。「食用になる」 Which I read as 食{た}べ物{もの}として用{もち}いること。また、その食{た}べ物{もの}。「食用{しょくよう}になる」 Meaning A thing that can be used as food. Also, that ...
3
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1answer
271 views

What verb is 「つく」 in 「~に気がつく」?

I was studying grammar from this site. I figured what き meant through the kanji, but I couldn't pinpoint what verb つく tsuku was. Then I googled it and found a site where it says that 「に 気 が つく」 ...
2
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2answers
152 views

What does てよりかか mean? Found in the Shinmeikai dictionary

The Shinmeikai dictinary defines 椅子 as: 腰を掛け(てよりかか)るための家具 What does てよりかか mean there?
2
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2answers
577 views

How to figuratively express something that has been lost/disappeared as in “where did (something) go”?

I think this is quite common in English but I wouldn't know about Japanese. For example, suppose you're asking yourself (or someone) "where did (something) go"? In the sense of "what happened to (...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Why the word 宣材 is not in the dictionary?

I had a (little) hard time finding the word 宣材{せんざい}. It was neither in the Midori dictionary nor Chrome's rikaikun extension. I had to google it. I found an explanation here on kotobank but not ...
2
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1answer
2k views

To Underestimate: Nameru vs Anadoru 舐める vs 侮る

Other than one being to lick, any difference between the 2 for underestimating?
2
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1answer
121 views

question about the use of に to mark location in this dictionary entry

2 related excepts from 月鏡 on に regarding location (Ⅰ)動作・作用の成立に深く関わる場所を表す。 ㋐存在の場所や所有する者を表す。「机の上に本がある」「母は部屋にいる」「この公園に砂場がない」「彼には子供が三人いる」「彼女には責任感が欠けている」 「?道ばたに犬が死ぬ」「?ベッドに男が眠る」のように、動詞だけでは「に」...
2
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1answer
98 views

What is the difference between 約款{やっかん} and 契約{けいやく}?

What is the difference between 約款{やっかん} and 契約{けいやく}? As per dictionary the following are the meanings 約款 - agreement; article; clause 契約 - contract; agreement These words are used in the ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

Can その(其の)X be used without X previously being referenced?

Namely this definition of 澄ます: よけいなことを考えないで、その事一つに注意・意識を集中する。  (under 3, http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/leaf/jn2/119957/m0u/). This seems to be used like ある, e.g. あること ("a certain thing"), not ...