Questions tagged [dictionary]

辞書. Questions regarding those resources, paper or digital, which typically list many words of a language in a specified order, along with usually a definitions or a close equivalent in another language. Many other specialized types of dictionary also exist.

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2answers
646 views

Why is 登録した the past tense of 登録?

I am just a beginner, and I am reading Tae Kim's Guide to Japanese. My questions are: Why is the past tense of 登録, 登録した? Is 登録 (register) a noun or a verb? In the following example, the word should ...
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1answer
145 views

Why 梱入 does not appear in any dictionary?

On a parcel that came from Japan, there is this sentence: お客様のご注文の品が梱入されております。 The meaning is clear: “There are customer’s goods in the package.” What puzzles me though is, why I could’t find the ...
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1answer
184 views

What exactly are ア行-category verbs?

The question Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs? is about different verb categories. I was surprised to find a ア行-category mentioned, and when I checked on weblio, they seemed to have listed ...
3
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1answer
148 views

What are the katakana in the definition headers of jp-jp dictionaries?

The image below is the definition of 一員 in the 明鏡国語辞典 what is this ─ヰン?
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1answer
113 views

How to understand the pronunciation as listed in Wiktionary

Wiktionary has two transcriptions: 私 (Tokyo)¹ わ[たし]{——}² [wàtáshí]³ (Heiban⁴ – [0]⁵) IPA: [[ɰᵝa̠ta̠ɕi]] What is the 1st one called and how is it read? "Tokyo" stands for the Tokyo dialect ...
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1answer
1k views

How are Japanese dictionaries organized?

I want to know how Japanese dictionaries are organized, as Japanese doesn't use the roman alphabet "a,b,c,d..." Do they instead organize words by あ、い、う、え、お? Or do they do it but kanji radical? Or ...
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1answer
248 views

Dictionary entry legend

I'm reading the section on sanseido.net about how entries from a certain dictionary are laid out but I'm having a little trouble understanding the section below. As far as I can tell, ▼ is put on the ...
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2answers
152 views

What does てよりかか mean? Found in the Shinmeikai dictionary

The Shinmeikai dictinary defines 椅子 as: 腰を掛け(てよりかか)るための家具 What does てよりかか mean there?
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1answer
152 views

Goo Dictionary: What does it mean? [closed]

I’m sure you guys are well aware of the Japanese dictionary Goo. https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/ Why is it called “Goo”? Even in romaji, Goo sounds unusual. I doubt it refers to the English meaning of ...
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1answer
93 views

How do online dictionaries find the correct pronunciation of kanji in context?

If I type 全ては必然 in jisho.org, it spits out "すべてはひつぜん", as expected. (So it reads 必 as hitsu, and keeps the particle は as written.) If I type 必ずたどり着くから, it spits out "かならずたどりつくから", as expected. (So it ...
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259 views

Question regarding the 「⻏」radical

I’ve put ⻏ in the search function but got no result. There are two ⻏radicals. Their origins are different but they are visually identical. On Jisho: But in a different dictionary (an app I got for my ...
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1k views

What would be the closest native Japanese word to エラー in the context of IT?

Is there a Japanese word alternative to エラー that can be used in the context of IT? If not, what would be the closest? 間違い、誤り、過ち... would any of this work or what would be the most suitable in this ...
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1answer
191 views

さま after a verb

I found in different occasions さま after a verb, but I'm not sure about its meaning. For example, in 大辞林's definition for 半ば: ある状態に半分ほどなっているさま (「…てはじめて」の形で)さまざまな経過を経てようやくその状態になるさま I noticed both ...
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2answers
930 views

How was the first Japanese-English dictionary made?

How was the first Japanese-English dictionary made? In other words, how could the author map correctly each Japanese word to its corresponding one in English?
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1answer
148 views

Is there a term used for a new kanji that replaces an outdated one?

Is there a term used for a new kanji that replaces an outdated one? 國 and 国 are good examples.
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794 views

What is the order of the full list of kana?

My question would be, if I were to pick up a Japanese dictionary, or had a project in which I needed to put several Japanese words (including hiragana, katakana, and kanji, with gojūon, dakuon, yōon, ...
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7k views

Why are there multiple katakana readings for a single kanji?

When I look at a kanji word I see one, or multiple Hiragana pronunciations (or should I call it translation?) - sometimes the pronunciations are for different kanjis, but that's not the question. I'...
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1answer
80 views

Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音?

Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音? I see this in an electronic dictionary to indicate on'yomi and kun'yomi reading of kanjis. What I struggle to find is the meaning of the combination of both ...
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1answer
649 views

また usage in a dictionary

When I look up the Japanese definition (at dictionary.goo.ne.jp) of the word 好き嫌い, this is the definition that gets shown: 好きなことと、嫌いなこと。また、えりごのみ。 I can't figure out if 好きなことと、嫌いなこと。is a separate ...
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1answer
174 views

Dictionary form of verb as nouns

About verb modify as nouns Normally verb if want to treat as nouns is add こと/物 /の Today learned verb dictionary+に限る Why it is use dictionary form verb instead of stem form From what I learn before ...
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1answer
302 views

Is okurigana always dropped when combining kanji?

Taking the following example, where the okurigana る in きる is dropped when combined with 物 (もの) to form the word 着物 (きもの), can we generalize this rule? For instance, if N consecutive kanji appear, can ...
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705 views

響: what is N5116?

I'm studying kanji and just got to this character recently. Kanji dictionaries all over the internet list "also N5116" as one of its meanings but what exactly is that N5116? I tried googling it a bit ...
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1answer
121 views

question about the use of に to mark location in this dictionary entry

2 related excepts from 月鏡 on に regarding location (Ⅰ)動作・作用の成立に深く関わる場所を表す。 ㋐存在の場所や所有する者を表す。「机の上に本がある」「母は部屋にいる」「この公園に砂場がない」「彼には子供が三人いる」「彼女には責任感が欠けている」 「?道ばたに犬が死ぬ」「?ベッドに男が眠る」のように、動詞だけでは「に」...
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1answer
317 views

What is the meaning of 起こし in this sentence?

I"m trying to translate the following sentence into English for a assignment in my translation workshop class. 僕は身体を起こし, あらためて彼女に視線を持っていった. The bolded part has me confused due to the strange shi ...
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498 views

How to read kanji entry from Takoboto dictionary

When looking up the kanji occurring as the first character in the word すき (好き), I can see the following: I know quite a bit of Chinese, and am trying to make the best out of this kanji section of my ...
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2answers
194 views

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean?

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean? どりょく‐か 努力家 In official Japanese-language typesetting, which Unicode character should it be? I suspect it is not the minus sign character on ...
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1k views

How would I know whether a word existed and was commonly used N years ago?

Suppose I'm writing a novel that takes place N years ago, say N = 80. Given the dramatic increase of loanwords in the past century, especially from English, what would be the best way (if there is any)...
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1answer
669 views

When a kanji term is listed as outdated, is it for specific words or all of the words that use it?

I read jisho a lot and I run into words with outdated kanji. Does this mean that the kanji term is outdated for a particular word or all words that use it?
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1answer
105 views

Why the word 宣材 is not in the dictionary?

I had a (little) hard time finding the word 宣材{せんざい}. It was neither in the Midori dictionary nor Chrome's rikaikun extension. I had to google it. I found an explanation here on kotobank but not ...
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1answer
1k views

What does 動ラ下二 means? And how to pronounce it?

Saw it in a jisho but I have no idea what it means.
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1answer
90 views

A question regarding the explanation for 「羨ましい」 in the Daijirin and Daijisen

The entry for 「羨ましい」in the Daijisen (at least the version found on Kotobank) is 「他人の能力や状態をみて、自分もそうありたいと願うさま。また、他人をねたましく思うさま。」 and in the Daijirin is 「うらやむ気持ちをそそられるさま。人が恵まれていたり、物事が優れていたりするのを見て、...
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1answer
293 views

Learning kanji readings with examples

As background, I haven't really focused on learning kanji. I've mainly focused on learning words, and just using the correct characters for those words (purely typing, I don't write kanji by hand). ...
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1answer
550 views

Is there an official Japanese dictionary?

The Indonesians have KBBI (Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia or Great Dictionary of the Indonesian Language of the Language Center) which is the official dictionary of Indonesian language. It contains the ...
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1answer
2k views

To Underestimate: Nameru vs Anadoru 舐める vs 侮る

Other than one being to lick, any difference between the 2 for underestimating?
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What is the meaning of ー・

Can someone tell me what the notation "ー・" means? It's all over this article: 大辞林「いう【言う・云う・謂う】」
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2answers
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Meaning and translation of "プラスアルファ”

A friend asked me to translate into English a short text. The context is Tokyo being a global city where people gather and experience a variety of lifestyles and values (価値観), and where art, culture, ...
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2answers
110 views

Why is その used here?

I found this definition of 食用{しょくよう}: 食べ物として用いること。また、その食べ物。「食用になる」 Which I read as 食{た}べ物{もの}として用{もち}いること。また、その食{た}べ物{もの}。「食用{しょくよう}になる」 Meaning A thing that can be used as food. Also, that ...
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4answers
539 views

How to express that something “must be + adj” as in “we must be strong”?

I am not talking about consequences, such as in "I can't find my wallet, I must have lost it" in which case I think something like ~に違いない could be used. Rather, I would like to know how to express ...
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2answers
577 views

How to figuratively express something that has been lost/disappeared as in “where did (something) go”?

I think this is quite common in English but I wouldn't know about Japanese. For example, suppose you're asking yourself (or someone) "where did (something) go"? In the sense of "what happened to (...
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2answers
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Japanese word for “savage” (modern usage)

I am trying to translate some dialogue in which one person calls another "savage", in the modern sense of 'brutally direct and merciless in criticism, humor, or behavior.' My question is: is there a ...
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1answer
600 views

What is the thing written in grey that sometimes shows up in the macOS Sierra dictionary app?

In the macOS Sierra dictionary app, sometimes when I look up a word, there is sometimes this thing that's in grey written on the right of the word that I searched. For example, 管理人: The thing written ...
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1answer
488 views

Dictionary which distinguishes formal and informal words [closed]

I wonder, if there is a Japanese-English dictionary (incl. vice versa), if the word is formal or on the contrary informal. For example: if it is 口語的{こうごてき}、堅い{かたい} etc. Hope there is such a ...
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1answer
271 views

What verb is 「つく」 in 「~に気がつく」?

I was studying grammar from this site. I figured what き meant through the kanji, but I couldn't pinpoint what verb つく tsuku was. Then I googled it and found a site where it says that 「に 気 が つく」 ...
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1answer
188 views

What is the difference between 生成{せいせい} and 作成{さくせい}?

What is the difference between 生成{せいせい} and 作成{さくせい}? 例:ソースファイル生成 As per my point of view 生成 and 作成 gives same meaning. Please explain clearly with example where should we use 生成 and where should ...
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1answer
98 views

What is the difference between 約款{やっかん} and 契約{けいやく}?

What is the difference between 約款{やっかん} and 契約{けいやく}? As per dictionary the following are the meanings 約款 - agreement; article; clause 契約 - contract; agreement These words are used in the ...
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1answer
500 views

Why is the same english meaning of ため tied to different japanese meanings in different dictionaries?

On http://jisho.org/word/%E7%82%BA consequence; result; effect has an example sentence それは、おまえの声をよく聞くためだよ。(It is in order to hear your voice well.) On http://tangorin.com/general/%E3%81%9F%E3%82%...
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127 views

Can't find adjective in dictionary

I am looking for the adjective jōzu / boozy in my Takoboto dictionary, to learn further information, or its kanji, but cannot find it. Can someone help me develop a strategy for looking up and ...
3
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4answers
2k views

What is the most “comprehensive” kanji dictionary?

I tried a quick search among similar questions but could not find exactly what I would like to know. In Chinese, there is a huge dictionary called 汉语大词典 that covers more than 54600 characters (at ...
4
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3answers
815 views

Where can I find the nuance/meaning differences between words with different kanji options?

This question is related to the questions (here) and (here) regarding a word or verb with multiple kanji options, for example [作る、造る、創る] or [蔵、倉、庫] Is there a resource somewhere that will tell me ...
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4answers
417 views

出来る{できる}: kun'yomi from Takoboto dictionary do not correspond

Can someone please help me determine why the kanji section of the Tokoboto dictionary entry for dekiru (できる) does not list a で entry by itself (with no trailing dot / nothing after the dot, and lists ...