Questions tagged [dictionary]

辞書. Questions regarding those resources, paper or digital, which typically list many words of a language in a specified order, along with usually a definitions or a close equivalent in another language. Many other specialized types of dictionary also exist.

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Does とみに here mean intensely?

サトルは正義感がとみに強い男ではあるが、それをいいことに利用しようとすりよる輩も存在していた。 The 広辞苑 dictionary lists とみに to have the meaning of しきりに : しきりに。「老眼が―進んだ」「国運―衰える」 which on of its meanings is "intensely".so, does とみに here ...
goldenlight's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
252 views

About ancient pronunciation on dictionaries

In large dictionaries like 広辞苑 or 大辞林, there are some entries tagged with "ancient pronunciations" which are almost identical to the modern ones but with a voiced consonant voiceless (or ...
Kotoba Trily Ngian's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
156 views

What does 加減 even mean?

At the moment, I am trying to translate かりゆし58's song "アンマー," which has a lot of expressions in it; I would not be surprised if I misinterpreted some of them. However, the focus for this ...
BigRigz's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
88 views

Dictionary searching for kanji readings and words

everyone, thanks for having me! So, i’ve just started studying kanji and vocabulary and searching for words and readings on dictionaries (Japanese app). However some cross information between my study ...
Dan's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can なにか be used to mean "no"?

In a Japanese dictionary entry for the word なにか, I came across the following definition: 今まで述べてきたことや相手の言葉などを否定して、それとは反対の趣旨を述べるときに用いる。いやいや。とんでもない。 The example sentence is 「―。この歌よみ侍らじとなむ思ひ侍るを」 Some ...
George's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to differentiate different kanji separations in dictionary

I am using the Takoboto dictionary. Under the listing for 書店 (しょてん), there are two breakups of the pronunciation (one with the azure squiggly separator going first below the first kanji and then above ...
Joselin Jocklingson's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
194 views

Attempting to Parse the NHK 2016 Pitch Entry on ちょっと

When looking up the definition of ちょっと in a bilingual dictionary, it is given the possible pitch accent patterns of (i) atamadaka, (ii) heiban, and (iii) odaka. So which accent to use, in which ...
George's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
131 views

Where is verb transitivity listed in japanese dictionaries? [closed]

This may be a generic question. I wanted to see if a verb had some transitive use and thought a japanese-japanese dictionary would be more detailed than jisho.org, but I can't seem to find any mention ...
Gianni Trattore's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
196 views

で of the copula or で cause particle

Konnichiwa, I found this sentence in a computer science video: "分からないことだらけで、ググって解決してそしてコードを書いている" About the part is it the で of the copula "です" for simply connecting two sentences, ...
Z Ea's user avatar
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1 answer
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広範 ambiguous meaning

During my dictionary search of the word "資本主義" I found this definition: 商品経済の広範な発達を前提に,労働者を雇い入れた資本家による利潤の追求を原動力として動く経済体制。 The thing is that I do understand the whole meaning, however I'm ...
Z Ea's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
270 views

Is there a fundamental difference between homonyms with close meaning and words with multiple possible kanji?

I noticed that dictionaries usually treat differently some homonyms, which for a learner's perspective look similar. For example: 熱い and 暑い are usually two different entries 早い and 速い are usually one ...
Teleporting Goat's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
255 views

Determining Pitch of 何より from Accent Dictionaries

I'm trying to learn how to determine the pitch accent of words from monolingual accent dictionaries. In this case the word in question is 何より, which can have Atamadaka or Heiban pitch. According to my ...
George's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
368 views

Different JLPT level for the same word, in hiragana or in kanji

I know that the JLPT levels are not an official list, but still, it is based on the many JLPT tests that has been done. My question is more about how to estimate the level difference between the ...
Quezako's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
428 views

the meaning of "のこと" in this sentence

Ohayou, please i wanted to understand the exact meaning of this definition-like sentence: 何か、機械とかに人間っぽいことをさせる、知能を持たせるみたいなまあ広い枠組みのことをAIと言って And because I found it difficult to really grasp the "...
Z Ea's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
138 views

Confused about ということ along with なのだ

I was a little confused about the meaning of "ということなのです" in this sentence: 皆さん同じようにユーチューブスタジオの過去の動画見ても一覧見ても全部収益化のマークが外れてるって言うことなんだよね I have found this definition in a Japanese dictionary: ...
Z Ea's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
213 views

What do irregular kanji usage and irregular kanji form mean (in dictionaries)?

I know what an irregular verb is, it is just a verb with irregular conjugation, and they exist in many languages. I think I know what and irregular kanji reading is: it should be an unconventional ...
Gianni Trattore's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
92 views

How are different spellings sorted in the Daijisen dictionary?

To to my knowledge, The Daijisen is one of the most authoritative dictionaries of Japanese, at least for contemporary usage. When they provide several writings for the same entry, are there any rules ...
timseb's user avatar
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1 answer
596 views

What are the accents for "頭高", "中高", "尾高", and "平板"?

The 4 pitch accent patterns are often spelled online as follows: 頭高 (atamadaka) 中高 (nakadaka) 尾高 (odaka) 平板 (heiban) However, when I actually look these words up in Japanese dictionaries (written ...
George's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
159 views

Dictionary or website with comprehensive word origin information

When I use an automatic Japanese text analyzer, it provides me with a list of words and also short information about what kind of word it is. Japanese (和), Chinese (漢), Foreign (外) or mixed (混). Is ...
timseb's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Is 閣閣 a real word?

As the title says, is 閣閣 a real word? I've searched through weblio古語辞典 and BCCWJ and I've gotten no results that are not 内閣閣僚. Out of pure curiosity, I just want to find a real example of this word ...
Shurim's user avatar
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1 answer
3k views

How do I read pitch accent notation (alternatively, why does my pitch notation in yomichan and OJAD disagree)?

I've installed this Anki plugin that adds pitch accent info. The author has helpfully provided some guidelines about the notation: Overline: Indicates "High" pitch Downfall arrow: usually ...
Zubo's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
268 views

大辞泉 dictionary notation -- ① ㋐ ㋑ ㋒ ㋓ ㋔ [closed]

In 大辞泉 what is the meaning of the symbols ㋐㋑㋒㋓㋔? For example they all appear in this definition: あぶら【油・脂・×膏】 ①水に溶けず、水よりも軽い可燃性物質の総称。動物性・植物性・鉱物性があり、食用・灯火用・燃料用・化学工業の原料など用途が広い。㋐動物の肉についている脂肪分。脂身(あぶらみ)。「―...
Luke Elliott's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
191 views

Does a cross in Weblio represent an obsolete kanji?

After looking at this question I went weblio to look up the meaning of 酌む. The heading for the entry looks like this: く・む【×汲む/酌む】 I'm wondering what the cross next to 汲む means. I've seen this in a ...
user3856370's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
134 views

Difference between 漢字辞典 and 漢和辞典

Could you please explain to me which is the difference between 漢字辞典 and 漢和辞典? For what I have understood, both dictionaries explain for a certain kanji its meaning and origin, and also tell its ...
kanachan's user avatar
  • 553
1 vote
1 answer
221 views

Different kanji variations for the same word with same readings but different meanings

The verb あく for example can be written as 開く 空く 明く with all of them being read the same way. In the dictionary they are all listed under the same item but looking at the translation you can see that ...
Orbit's user avatar
  • 92
1 vote
2 answers
674 views

Why is 登録した the past tense of 登録?

I am just a beginner, and I am reading Tae Kim's Guide to Japanese. My questions are: Why is the past tense of 登録, 登録した? Is 登録 (register) a noun or a verb? In the following example, the word should ...
Hoang Vu's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
225 views

Why 梱入 does not appear in any dictionary?

On a parcel that came from Japan, there is this sentence: お客様のご注文の品が梱入されております。 The meaning is clear: “There are customer’s goods in the package.” What puzzles me though is, why I could’t find the ...
Glutexo's user avatar
  • 1,077
3 votes
1 answer
185 views

What are the katakana in the definition headers of jp-jp dictionaries?

The image below is the definition of 一員 in the 明鏡国語辞典 what is this ─ヰン?
Felipe Müller's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
218 views

What exactly are ア行-category verbs?

The question Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs? is about different verb categories. I was surprised to find a ア行-category mentioned, and when I checked on weblio, they seemed to have listed ...
Kaskade's user avatar
  • 1,597
1 vote
1 answer
181 views

How to understand the pronunciation as listed in Wiktionary

Wiktionary has two transcriptions: 私 (Tokyo)¹ わ[たし]{——}² [wàtáshí]³ (Heiban⁴ – [0]⁵) IPA: [[ɰᵝa̠ta̠ɕi]] What is the 1st one called and how is it read? "Tokyo" stands for the Tokyo dialect ...
homocomputeris's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
185 views

What does てよりかか mean? Found in the Shinmeikai dictionary

The Shinmeikai dictinary defines 椅子 as: 腰を掛け(てよりかか)るための家具 What does てよりかか mean there?
Thatguy's user avatar
  • 93
0 votes
1 answer
232 views

Goo Dictionary: What does it mean? [closed]

I’m sure you guys are well aware of the Japanese dictionary Goo. https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/ Why is it called “Goo”? Even in romaji, Goo sounds unusual. I doubt it refers to the English meaning of ...
Etienne Zizka's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
117 views

How do online dictionaries find the correct pronunciation of kanji in context?

If I type 全ては必然 in jisho.org, it spits out "すべてはひつぜん", as expected. (So it reads 必 as hitsu, and keeps the particle は as written.) If I type 必ずたどり着くから, it spits out "かならずたどりつくから", as expected. (So it ...
atenao's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
412 views

Question regarding the 「⻏」radical

I’ve put ⻏ in the search function but got no result. There are two ⻏radicals. Their origins are different but they are visually identical. On Jisho: But in a different dictionary (an app I got for my ...
Etienne Zizka's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
705 views

さま after a verb

I found in different occasions さま after a verb, but I'm not sure about its meaning. For example, in 大辞林's definition for 半ば: ある状態に半分ほどなっているさま (「…てはじめて」の形で)さまざまな経過を経てようやくその状態になるさま I noticed both ...
Mauro's user avatar
  • 3,597
-4 votes
1 answer
169 views

Is there a term used for a new kanji that replaces an outdated one?

Is there a term used for a new kanji that replaces an outdated one? 國 and 国 are good examples.
Jack Bosma's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
99 views

Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音?

Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音? I see this in an electronic dictionary to indicate on'yomi and kun'yomi reading of kanjis. What I struggle to find is the meaning of the combination of both ...
exs's user avatar
  • 13
6 votes
1 answer
800 views

また usage in a dictionary

When I look up the Japanese definition (at dictionary.goo.ne.jp) of the word 好き嫌い, this is the definition that gets shown: 好きなことと、嫌いなこと。また、えりごのみ。 I can't figure out if 好きなことと、嫌いなこと。is a separate ...
C.Scheeres's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
357 views

Dictionary form of verb as nouns

About verb modify as nouns Normally verb if want to treat as nouns is add こと/物 /の Today learned verb dictionary+に限る Why it is use dictionary form verb instead of stem form From what I learn before ...
Wilson 92's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
3k views

How are Japanese dictionaries organized?

I want to know how Japanese dictionaries are organized, as Japanese doesn't use the roman alphabet "a,b,c,d..." Do they instead organize words by あ、い、う、え、お? Or do they do it but kanji radical? Or ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
142 views

question about the use of に to mark location in this dictionary entry

2 related excepts from 月鏡 on に regarding location (Ⅰ)動作・作用の成立に深く関わる場所を表す。 ㋐存在の場所や所有する者を表す。「机の上に本がある」「母は部屋にいる」「この公園に砂場がない」「彼には子供が三人いる」「彼女には責任感が欠けている」 「?道ばたに犬が死ぬ」「?ベッドに男が眠る」のように、動詞だけでは「に」...
charu's user avatar
  • 2,560
2 votes
1 answer
396 views

What is the meaning of 起こし in this sentence?

I"m trying to translate the following sentence into English for a assignment in my translation workshop class. 僕は身体を起こし, あらためて彼女に視線を持っていった. The bolded part has me confused due to the strange shi ...
Toyu_Frey's user avatar
  • 1,470
17 votes
2 answers
1k views

How would I know whether a word existed and was commonly used N years ago?

Suppose I'm writing a novel that takes place N years ago, say N = 80. Given the dramatic increase of loanwords in the past century, especially from English, what would be the best way (if there is any)...
Tommy's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
1k views

When a kanji term is listed as outdated, is it for specific words or all of the words that use it?

I read jisho a lot and I run into words with outdated kanji. Does this mean that the kanji term is outdated for a particular word or all words that use it?
Jack Bosma's user avatar
  • 6,727
2 votes
1 answer
108 views

Why the word 宣材 is not in the dictionary?

I had a (little) hard time finding the word 宣材{せんざい}. It was neither in the Midori dictionary nor Chrome's rikaikun extension. I had to google it. I found an explanation here on kotobank but not ...
Tommy's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does 動ラ下二 means? And how to pronounce it?

Saw it in a jisho but I have no idea what it means.
Omae wa mou shindeiru's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
119 views

A question regarding the explanation for 「羨ましい」 in the Daijirin and Daijisen

The entry for 「羨ましい」in the Daijisen (at least the version found on Kotobank) is 「他人の能力や状態をみて、自分もそうありたいと願うさま。また、他人をねたましく思うさま。」 and in the Daijirin is 「うらやむ気持ちをそそられるさま。人が恵まれていたり、物事が優れていたりするのを見て、...
Project Book's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the order of the full list of kana?

My question would be, if I were to pick up a Japanese dictionary, or had a project in which I needed to put several Japanese words (including hiragana, katakana, and kanji, with gojūon, dakuon, yōon, ...
Krissy Panczel's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
411 views

Learning kanji readings with examples [closed]

As background, I haven't really focused on learning kanji. I've mainly focused on learning words, and just using the correct characters for those words (purely typing, I don't write kanji by hand). ...
Golden Cuy's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Is there an official Japanese dictionary?

The Indonesians have KBBI (Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia or Great Dictionary of the Indonesian Language of the Language Center) which is the official dictionary of Indonesian language. It contains the ...
絢瀬絵里's user avatar