Questions tagged [dictionary]

辞書. Questions regarding those resources, paper or digital, which typically list many words of a language in a specified order, along with usually a definitions or a close equivalent in another language. Many other specialized types of dictionary also exist.

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How are different spellings sorted in the Daijisen dictionary?

To to my knowledge, The Daijisen is one of the most authoritative dictionaries of Japanese, at least for contemporary usage. When they provide several writings for the same entry, are there any rules ...
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What are the accents for "頭高", "中高", "尾高", and "平板"?

The 4 pitch accent patterns are often spelled online as follows: 頭高 (atamadaka) 中高 (nakadaka) 尾高 (odaka) 平板 (heiban) However, when I actually look these words up in Japanese dictionaries (written ...
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Dictionary or website with comprehensive word origin information

When I use an automatic Japanese text analyzer, it provides me with a list of words and also short information about what kind of word it is. Japanese (和), Chinese (漢), Foreign (外) or mixed (混). Is ...
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2 answers
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Is 閣閣 a real word?

As the title says, is 閣閣 a real word? I've searched through weblio古語辞典 and BCCWJ and I've gotten no results that are not 内閣閣僚. Out of pure curiosity, I just want to find a real example of this word ...
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1 answer
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How do I read pitch accent notation (alternatively, why does my pitch notation in yomichan and OJAD disagree)?

I've installed this Anki plugin that adds pitch accent info. The author has helpfully provided some guidelines about the notation: Overline: Indicates "High" pitch Downfall arrow: usually ...
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大辞泉 dictionary notation -- ① ㋐ ㋑ ㋒ ㋓ ㋔ [closed]

In 大辞泉 what is the meaning of the symbols ㋐㋑㋒㋓㋔? For example they all appear in this definition: あぶら【油・脂・×膏】 ①水に溶けず、水よりも軽い可燃性物質の総称。動物性・植物性・鉱物性があり、食用・灯火用・燃料用・化学工業の原料など用途が広い。㋐動物の肉についている脂肪分。脂身(あぶらみ)。「―...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Does a cross in Weblio represent an obsolete kanji?

After looking at this question I went weblio to look up the meaning of 酌む. The heading for the entry looks like this: く・む【×汲む/酌む】 I'm wondering what the cross next to 汲む means. I've seen this in a ...
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Difference between 漢字辞典 and 漢和辞典

Could you please explain to me which is the difference between 漢字辞典 and 漢和辞典? For what I have understood, both dictionaries explain for a certain kanji its meaning and origin, and also tell its ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Different kanji variations for the same word with same readings but different meanings

The verb あく for example can be written as 開く 空く 明く with all of them being read the same way. In the dictionary they are all listed under the same item but looking at the translation you can see that ...
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Why is 登録した the past tense of 登録?

I am just a beginner, and I am reading Tae Kim's Guide to Japanese. My questions are: Why is the past tense of 登録, 登録した? Is 登録 (register) a noun or a verb? In the following example, the word should ...
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3 votes
1 answer
183 views

Why 梱入 does not appear in any dictionary?

On a parcel that came from Japan, there is this sentence: お客様のご注文の品が梱入されております。 The meaning is clear: “There are customer’s goods in the package.” What puzzles me though is, why I could’t find the ...
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What are the katakana in the definition headers of jp-jp dictionaries?

The image below is the definition of 一員 in the 明鏡国語辞典 what is this ─ヰン?
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5 votes
1 answer
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What exactly are ア行-category verbs?

The question Why are there so many カ行、サ行、ラ行五段活用 verbs? is about different verb categories. I was surprised to find a ア行-category mentioned, and when I checked on weblio, they seemed to have listed ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How to understand the pronunciation as listed in Wiktionary

Wiktionary has two transcriptions: 私 (Tokyo)¹ わ[たし]{——}² [wàtáshí]³ (Heiban⁴ – [0]⁵) IPA: [[ɰᵝa̠ta̠ɕi]] What is the 1st one called and how is it read? "Tokyo" stands for the Tokyo dialect ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What does てよりかか mean? Found in the Shinmeikai dictionary

The Shinmeikai dictinary defines 椅子 as: 腰を掛け(てよりかか)るための家具 What does てよりかか mean there?
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1 answer
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Goo Dictionary: What does it mean? [closed]

I’m sure you guys are well aware of the Japanese dictionary Goo. https://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/ Why is it called “Goo”? Even in romaji, Goo sounds unusual. I doubt it refers to the English meaning of ...
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1 answer
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How do online dictionaries find the correct pronunciation of kanji in context?

If I type 全ては必然 in jisho.org, it spits out "すべてはひつぜん", as expected. (So it reads 必 as hitsu, and keeps the particle は as written.) If I type 必ずたどり着くから, it spits out "かならずたどりつくから", as expected. (So it ...
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3 answers
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Question regarding the 「⻏」radical

I’ve put ⻏ in the search function but got no result. There are two ⻏radicals. Their origins are different but they are visually identical. On Jisho: But in a different dictionary (an app I got for my ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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さま after a verb

I found in different occasions さま after a verb, but I'm not sure about its meaning. For example, in 大辞林's definition for 半ば: ある状態に半分ほどなっているさま (「…てはじめて」の形で)さまざまな経過を経てようやくその状態になるさま I noticed both ...
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1 answer
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Is there a term used for a new kanji that replaces an outdated one?

Is there a term used for a new kanji that replaces an outdated one? 國 and 国 are good examples.
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音?

Is there a specific reading for 常訓 and 常音? I see this in an electronic dictionary to indicate on'yomi and kun'yomi reading of kanjis. What I struggle to find is the meaning of the combination of both ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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また usage in a dictionary

When I look up the Japanese definition (at dictionary.goo.ne.jp) of the word 好き嫌い, this is the definition that gets shown: 好きなことと、嫌いなこと。また、えりごのみ。 I can't figure out if 好きなことと、嫌いなこと。is a separate ...
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1 vote
1 answer
232 views

Dictionary form of verb as nouns

About verb modify as nouns Normally verb if want to treat as nouns is add こと/物 /の Today learned verb dictionary+に限る Why it is use dictionary form verb instead of stem form From what I learn before ...
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0 votes
1 answer
2k views

How are Japanese dictionaries organized?

I want to know how Japanese dictionaries are organized, as Japanese doesn't use the roman alphabet "a,b,c,d..." Do they instead organize words by あ、い、う、え、お? Or do they do it but kanji radical? Or ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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question about the use of に to mark location in this dictionary entry

2 related excepts from 月鏡 on に regarding location (Ⅰ)動作・作用の成立に深く関わる場所を表す。 ㋐存在の場所や所有する者を表す。「机の上に本がある」「母は部屋にいる」「この公園に砂場がない」「彼には子供が三人いる」「彼女には責任感が欠けている」 「?道ばたに犬が死ぬ」「?ベッドに男が眠る」のように、動詞だけでは「に」...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What is the meaning of 起こし in this sentence?

I"m trying to translate the following sentence into English for a assignment in my translation workshop class. 僕は身体を起こし, あらためて彼女に視線を持っていった. The bolded part has me confused due to the strange shi ...
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17 votes
2 answers
1k views

How would I know whether a word existed and was commonly used N years ago?

Suppose I'm writing a novel that takes place N years ago, say N = 80. Given the dramatic increase of loanwords in the past century, especially from English, what would be the best way (if there is any)...
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1 vote
1 answer
819 views

When a kanji term is listed as outdated, is it for specific words or all of the words that use it?

I read jisho a lot and I run into words with outdated kanji. Does this mean that the kanji term is outdated for a particular word or all words that use it?
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2 votes
1 answer
107 views

Why the word 宣材 is not in the dictionary?

I had a (little) hard time finding the word 宣材{せんざい}. It was neither in the Midori dictionary nor Chrome's rikaikun extension. I had to google it. I found an explanation here on kotobank but not ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What does 動ラ下二 means? And how to pronounce it?

Saw it in a jisho but I have no idea what it means.
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0 votes
1 answer
102 views

A question regarding the explanation for 「羨ましい」 in the Daijirin and Daijisen

The entry for 「羨ましい」in the Daijisen (at least the version found on Kotobank) is 「他人の能力や状態をみて、自分もそうありたいと願うさま。また、他人をねたましく思うさま。」 and in the Daijirin is 「うらやむ気持ちをそそられるさま。人が恵まれていたり、物事が優れていたりするのを見て、...
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4 votes
2 answers
955 views

What is the order of the full list of kana?

My question would be, if I were to pick up a Japanese dictionary, or had a project in which I needed to put several Japanese words (including hiragana, katakana, and kanji, with gojūon, dakuon, yōon, ...
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0 votes
2 answers
375 views

Learning kanji readings with examples [closed]

As background, I haven't really focused on learning kanji. I've mainly focused on learning words, and just using the correct characters for those words (purely typing, I don't write kanji by hand). ...
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0 votes
1 answer
737 views

Is there an official Japanese dictionary?

The Indonesians have KBBI (Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia or Great Dictionary of the Indonesian Language of the Language Center) which is the official dictionary of Indonesian language. It contains the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
3k views

To Underestimate: Nameru vs Anadoru 舐める vs 侮る

Other than one being to lick, any difference between the 2 for underestimating?
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5 votes
2 answers
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What is the meaning of ー・

Can someone tell me what the notation "ー・" means? It's all over this article: 大辞林「いう【言う・云う・謂う】」
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6 votes
2 answers
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Meaning and translation of "プラスアルファ”

A friend asked me to translate into English a short text. The context is Tokyo being a global city where people gather and experience a variety of lifestyles and values (価値観), and where art, culture, ...
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2 votes
2 answers
120 views

Why is その used here?

I found this definition of 食用{しょくよう}: 食べ物として用いること。また、その食べ物。「食用になる」 Which I read as 食{た}べ物{もの}として用{もち}いること。また、その食{た}べ物{もの}。「食用{しょくよう}になる」 Meaning A thing that can be used as food. Also, that ...
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3 votes
2 answers
205 views

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean?

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean? どりょく‐か 努力家 In official Japanese-language typesetting, which Unicode character should it be? I suspect it is not the minus sign character on ...
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5 votes
4 answers
600 views

How to express that something "must be + adj" as in "we must be strong"?

I am not talking about consequences, such as in "I can't find my wallet, I must have lost it" in which case I think something like ~に違いない could be used. Rather, I would like to know how to express ...
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1 vote
2 answers
582 views

How to figuratively express something that has been lost/disappeared as in "where did (something) go"?

I think this is quite common in English but I wouldn't know about Japanese. For example, suppose you're asking yourself (or someone) "where did (something) go"? In the sense of "what happened to (...
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9 votes
2 answers
1k views

What would be the closest native Japanese word to エラー in the context of IT?

Is there a Japanese word alternative to エラー that can be used in the context of IT? If not, what would be the closest? 間違い、誤り、過ち... would any of this work or what would be the most suitable in this ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Japanese word for "savage" (modern usage)

I am trying to translate some dialogue in which one person calls another "savage", in the modern sense of 'brutally direct and merciless in criticism, humor, or behavior.' My question is: is there a ...
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8 votes
1 answer
601 views

What is the thing written in grey that sometimes shows up in the macOS Sierra dictionary app?

In the macOS Sierra dictionary app, sometimes when I look up a word, there is sometimes this thing that's in grey written on the right of the word that I searched. For example, 管理人: The thing written ...
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1 vote
1 answer
547 views

Dictionary which distinguishes formal and informal words [closed]

I wonder, if there is a Japanese-English dictionary (incl. vice versa), if the word is formal or on the contrary informal. For example: if it is 口語的{こうごてき}、堅い{かたい} etc. Hope there is such a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
285 views

What verb is 「つく」 in 「~に気がつく」?

I was studying grammar from this site. I figured what き meant through the kanji, but I couldn't pinpoint what verb つく tsuku was. Then I googled it and found a site where it says that 「に 気 が つく」 ...
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4 votes
1 answer
212 views

What is the difference between 生成{せいせい} and 作成{さくせい}?

What is the difference between 生成{せいせい} and 作成{さくせい}? 例:ソースファイル生成 As per my point of view 生成 and 作成 gives same meaning. Please explain clearly with example where should we use 生成 and where should ...
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2 votes
1 answer
99 views

What is the difference between 約款{やっかん} and 契約{けいやく}?

What is the difference between 約款{やっかん} and 契約{けいやく}? As per dictionary the following are the meanings 約款 - agreement; article; clause 契約 - contract; agreement These words are used in the ...
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0 votes
4 answers
463 views

出来る{できる}: kun'yomi from Takoboto dictionary do not correspond

Can someone please help me determine why the kanji section of the Tokoboto dictionary entry for dekiru (できる) does not list a で entry by itself (with no trailing dot / nothing after the dot, and lists ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
129 views

Can't find adjective in dictionary

I am looking for the adjective jōzu / boozy in my Takoboto dictionary, to learn further information, or its kanji, but cannot find it. Can someone help me develop a strategy for looking up and ...
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