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Questions tagged [dictionary]

辞書. Questions regarding those resources, paper or digital, which typically list many words of a language in a specified order, along with usually a definitions or a close equivalent in another language. Many other specialized types of dictionary also exist.

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How are Japanese dictionaries organized

I want to know how Japanese dictionaries are organized, they don't have "a,b,c,d..." So do they organize words by あ、い、う、え、お? Or do they do it but kanji radical? Or something else?
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question about the use of に to mark location in this dictionary entry

2 related excepts from 月鏡 on に regarding location (Ⅰ)動作・作用の成立に深く関わる場所を表す。 ㋐存在の場所や所有する者を表す。「机の上に本がある」「母は部屋にいる」「この公園に砂場がない」「彼には子供が三人いる」「彼女には責任感が欠けている」 「?道ばたに犬が死ぬ」「?ベッドに男が眠る」のように、動詞だけでは「に」...
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What is the meaning of 起こし in this sentence?

I"m trying to translate the following sentence into English for a assignment in my translation workshop class. 僕は身体を起こし, あらためて彼女に視線を持っていった. The bolded part has me confused due to the strange shi ...
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How would I know whether a word existed and was commonly used N years ago?

Suppose I'm writing a novel that takes place N years ago, say N = 80. Given the dramatic increase of loanwords in the past century, especially from English, what would be the best way (if there is any)...
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1answer
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When a kanji term is listed as outdated, is it for specific words or all of the words that use it?

I read jisho a lot and I run into words with outdated kanji. Does this mean that the kanji term is outdated for a particular word or all words that use it?
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Why the word 宣材 is not in the dictionary?

I had a (little) hard time finding the word 宣材{せんざい}. It was neither in the Midori dictionary nor Chrome's rikaikun extension. I had to google it. I found an explanation here on kotobank but not ...
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What does 動ラ下二 means? And how to pronounce it?

Saw it in a jisho but I have no idea what it means.
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How do we know when words with the same furigana have different pronunciations?

In Chinese, you have four tonal inflections. (See the first graphic at the link.) Prior to today I thought that this was not true of Japanese, that while like English, certain words sound better ...
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A question regarding the explanation for 「羨ましい」 in the Daijirin and Daijisen

The entry for 「羨ましい」in the Daijisen (at least the version found on Kotobank) is 「他人の能力や状態をみて、自分もそうありたいと願うさま。また、他人をねたましく思うさま。」 and in the Daijirin is 「うらやむ気持ちをそそられるさま。人が恵まれていたり、物事が優れていたりするのを見て、...
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What is the order of the full list of kana?

My question would be, if I were to pick up a Japanese dictionary, or had a project in which I needed to put several Japanese words (including hiragana, katakana, and kanji, with gojūon, dakuon, yōon, ...
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Learning kanji readings with examples

As background, I haven't really focused on learning kanji. I've mainly focused on learning words, and just using the correct characters for those words (purely typing, I don't write kanji by hand). ...
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243 views

Is there an official Japanese dictionary?

The Indonesians have KBBI (Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia or Great Dictionary of the Indonesian Language of the Language Center) which is the official dictionary of Indonesian language. It contains the ...
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1answer
509 views

To Underestimate: Nameru vs Anadoru 舐める vs 侮る

Other than one being to lick, any difference between the 2 for underestimating?
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What is the meaning of ー・

Can someone tell me what the notation "ー・" means? It's all over this article: 大辞林「いう【言う・云う・謂う】」
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Meaning and translation of "プラスアルファ”

A friend asked me to translate into English a short text. The context is Tokyo being a global city where people gather and experience a variety of lifestyles and values (価値観), and where art, culture, ...
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Why is その used here?

I found this definition of 食用{しょくよう}: 食べ物として用いること。また、その食べ物。「食用になる」 Which I read as 食{た}べ物{もの}として用{もち}いること。また、その食{た}べ物{もの}。「食用{しょくよう}になる」 Meaning A thing that can be used as food. Also, that ...
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2answers
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What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean?

What does the hyphen in this dictionary entry mean? どりょく‐か 努力家 In official Japanese-language typesetting, which Unicode character should it be? I suspect it is not the minus sign character on ...
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4answers
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How to express that something “must be + adj” as in “we must be strong”?

I am not talking about consequences, such as in "I can't find my wallet, I must have lost it" in which case I think something like ~に違いない could be used. Rather, I would like to know how to express ...
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How to figuratively express something that has been lost/disappeared as in “where did (something) go”?

I think this is quite common in English but I wouldn't know about Japanese. For example, suppose you're asking yourself (or someone) "where did (something) go"? In the sense of "what happened to (...
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What would be the closest native Japanese word to エラー in the context of IT?

Is there a Japanese word alternative to エラー that can be used in the context of IT? If not, what would be the closest? 間違い、誤り、過ち... would any of this work or what would be the most suitable in this ...
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Japanese word for “savage” (modern usage)

I am trying to translate some dialogue in which one person calls another "savage", in the modern sense of 'brutally direct and merciless in criticism, humor, or behavior.' My question is: is there a ...
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What is the thing written in grey that sometimes shows up in the macOS Sierra dictionary app?

In the macOS Sierra dictionary app, sometimes when I look up a word, there is sometimes this thing that's in grey written on the right of the word that I searched. For example, 管理人: The thing written ...
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1answer
297 views

Dictionary which distinguishes formal and informal words [closed]

I wonder, if there is a Japanese-English dictionary (incl. vice versa), if the word is formal or on the contrary informal. For example: if it is 口語的{こうごてき}、堅い{かたい} etc. Hope there is such a ...
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What verb is 「つく」 in 「~に気がつく」?

I was studying grammar from this site. I figured what き meant through the kanji, but I couldn't pinpoint what verb つく tsuku was. Then I googled it and found a site where it says that 「に 気 が つく」 ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between 生成{せいせい} and 作成{さくせい}?

What is the difference between 生成{せいせい} and 作成{さくせい}? 例:ソースファイル生成 As per my point of view 生成 and 作成 gives same meaning. Please explain clearly with example where should we use 生成 and where should ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between 約款{やっかん} and 契約{けいやく}?

What is the difference between 約款{やっかん} and 契約{けいやく}? As per dictionary the following are the meanings 約款 - agreement; article; clause 契約 - contract; agreement These words are used in the ...
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出来る{できる}: kun'yomi from Takoboto dictionary do not correspond

Can someone please help me determine why the kanji section of the Tokoboto dictionary entry for dekiru (できる) does not list a で entry by itself (with no trailing dot / nothing after the dot, and lists ...
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Can't find adjective in dictionary

I am looking for the adjective jōzu / boozy in my Takoboto dictionary, to learn further information, or its kanji, but cannot find it. Can someone help me develop a strategy for looking up and ...
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1answer
187 views

To think kanji: 思う (おもう): シ (shi) versus (shitau)

Regarding the on'yomi shi (シ), of the character 思 from the word 思う, why does Google Translate list the pronunciation of this word/kanji as shitau instead of shi (with shitau missing from the ...
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1answer
148 views

Is okurigana always dropped when combining kanji?

Taking the following example, where the okurigana る in きる is dropped when combined with 物 (もの) to form the word 着物 (きもの), can we generalize this rule? For instance, if N consecutive kanji appear, can ...
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303 views

How to read kanji entry from Takoboto dictionary

When looking up the kanji occurring as the first character in the word すき (好き), I can see the following: I know quite a bit of Chinese, and am trying to make the best out of this kanji section of my ...
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1answer
164 views

Understanding kanji: kanji sound boundaries?

I know several Chinese characters but am a relative beginner at Japanese. I am having trouble, in a dictionary, when I input a sequence of characters, determining where the letters for one set of ...
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1answer
454 views

What is the meaning of 副助?

In 大辞泉 (via goo here) at the first line I found the phrase [副助]種々の語に付く。 What is the meaning of 副助? Can not find it..
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What does “きゅうにゅう” means? [closed]

I was trying to memorize some Japanese words using Memrise app (Duolingo's new memorizing app). I came up with this word which means "milk/cow milk" according to memrise. But I couldn't find any ...
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1answer
383 views

What does “sensitive” or “sens” mean?

For example, Jisho marks 医者 (doctor) as sensitive, as does the flashcard set I've been using. I don't understand what this annotation means; "doctor" doesn't seem like a particularly sensitive term to ...
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4answers
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What is the most “comprehensive” kanji dictionary?

I tried a quick search among similar questions but could not find exactly what I would like to know. In Chinese, there is a huge dictionary called 汉语大词典 that covers more than 54600 characters (at ...
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1answer
337 views

Why is the same english meaning of ため tied to different japanese meanings in different dictionaries?

On http://jisho.org/word/%E7%82%BA consequence; result; effect has an example sentence それは、おまえの声をよく聞くためだよ。(It is in order to hear your voice well.) On http://tangorin.com/general/%E3%81%9F%E3%82%...
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461 views

How was the first Japanese-English dictionary made?

How was the first Japanese-English dictionary made? In other words, how could the author map correctly each Japanese word to its corresponding one in English?
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2answers
338 views

響: what is N5116?

I'm studying kanji and just got to this character recently. Kanji dictionaries all over the internet list "also N5116" as one of its meanings but what exactly is that N5116? I tried googling it a bit ...
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Dictionary with high low pitch intonation reading? [closed]

Forgive me if there is a more appropriate technical term for the thing I'm searching for. When I studied Japanese in Taiwan a few years back, I learned that it was important to learn the right high ...
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Difference between 誤解 and 勘違い

Japanese - English dictionaries translate both as "misunderstanding" or "wrong guess." Upon consulting dictionary.goo.ne.jp, I found: 誤解 - When the facts and the true intentions of a partner's words ...
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1answer
408 views

What does やや書 indicate?

What does the "marker" (?) やや書 used in Japanese-English dictionaries indicate? In addition how would you pronounce the phrase when citing someone a definition from a dictionary? やや書{しょ}? やや書{かき}? I ...
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2answers
359 views

Dictionary definition of multiple words with identical pronunciation but different kanji

Recently I've been using the スーパー大辞林 Japanese dictionary, because it is built-in to all my Apple devices. But I frequently find words where there is a single entry in the dictionary, but 2 or 3 ...
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2answers
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Can その(其の)X be used without X previously being referenced?

Namely this definition of 澄ます: よけいなことを考えないで、その事一つに注意・意識を集中する。  (under 3, http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/leaf/jn2/119957/m0u/). This seems to be used like ある, e.g. あること ("a certain thing"), not ...
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1answer
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Do dictionaries indicate whether a verb should be used with -て + いる form?

Some verbs are commonly used in the -て + いる form. For example, "住んでいる" or "知っている". Do dictionaries typically indicate that they're used that way? jisho.org (which is sometimes described as being a ...
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Where can I find the nuance/meaning differences between words with different kanji options?

This question is related to the questions (here) and (here) regarding a word or verb with multiple kanji options, for example [作る、造る、創る] or [蔵、倉、庫] Is there a resource somewhere that will tell me ...
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2answers
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Why are there multiple katakana readings for a single kanji?

When I look at a kanji word I see one, or multiple Hiragana pronunciations (or should I call it translation?) - sometimes the pronunciations are for different kanjis, but that's not the question. I'...
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1answer
201 views

What does '-' mean?

Namely here, a definition of 含む 「三省堂」: 〈五〉 内部{ないぶ}に‐入{い}れておく(つつみもつ). (派)(~)み My intuition suggests it could stress the class of 'inside things' to make it more abstract (putting inside anything as ...
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202 views

Usage of the phrase/word ですので

Why are there no dictionary entries for ですので? I've searched JED, Tagaini Jisho, and Rikaichan. It seems to have an equivalent meaning with だから、but I'm not exactly sure. However I've heard it being ...
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1answer
205 views

Different usage of 五

As an answer to a previous question, a user stated the following: In Japanese this distinction is shown by referring to 自動詞 ("self-acting" verbs) and 他動詞 ("other-acting" verbs). Many J dictionaries ...