Questions tagged [dialects]

方言. Language and vocabulary differences between specific regions of Japan.

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25
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the etymology behind したっけ

僕だけがいない街 anime shows the children saying したっけ! translated as 'See ya!' and other terms, these are from Hokkaido dialect. I guess you can switch したっけ to other forms to say 'See ya': じゃあまた また明日 Anyway,...
24
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4answers
7k views

What are the main differences between 京都弁(Kyoto-ben) and 大阪弁(Osaka-ben)

These two dialects will sound very similar to an untrained ear. Can anyone highlight the main differences between these two dialects?
23
votes
1answer
2k views

is there a difference between さみしい and さびしい?

Both mean "lonely" and appear to be valid readings for 寂しい. Is there a difference in nuance? Is this difference due to dialect?
21
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4answers
7k views

Pronunciation of す in です and the end of ます verbs

I've always been curious about the pronunciation of the す in です and at the end of 〜ます verbs. Most commonly the "u" sound is inaudible, but sometimes by some people it's more pronounced, and some ...
19
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7answers
2k views

Except for pitch, what are the differences in pronunciation between Kansaiben and Tokyoben?

I have tried to ask people this type of question on many occasions and the answer is always the same, but people are notoriously bad at evaluating their own language, so I ask here: Apart for pitch, ...
18
votes
1answer
7k views

わ usage at the end of sentences

What is the difference between the "わ" sentence ender used by women in general and the one that is used by both Males and females in the Kansai area? I've asked my Japanese co-workers about it ...
17
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2answers
780 views

や in Kansai-ben when it is not だ

The following sentence occurs in The Legend of Zelda: ナンカ コウテ クレヤ (This would be なんか買うてくれや! and was famously translated as "Buy somethin', will ya!".) From the 買うて, it's obvious he's speaking Kansai-...
17
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2answers
1k views

In which dialects have the sounds “ゐ” (wi) and “ゑ” (we) been preserved, and are their kana still occasionally seen?

In Nate Glenn's answer to bdonlan's qestion "Why were ゐ and ゑ eliminated?" he states: "Wi" and "we" are still in some dialects, but standard Japanese does not have those sounds. My question is ...
16
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3answers
711 views

Can I end sentences with ん?

One friend of mine told me when she was living in Japan, she liked to end her sentences with ん (maybe instead of の). Examples: 明日学校にいくん? 明日学校に行かないと思う…風邪引いたん。 Actually I've never seen it! But my ...
16
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3answers
4k views

I don't understand what やな means at the end of a sentence…?

for example in this sentence : 久しぶりやな i don't understand "ya" and "na" can someone explain me? there's another example : いい感じやなぁ
15
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2answers
592 views

Do any of the Japanese particles have different pronunciations in any dialects? Or extra or missing particles?

I was wondering whether the differences in Japanese vocabulary between the dialects extend even so far as particles. Are there dialects that pronounce any of the standard particles differently? ...
15
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2answers
3k views

Is verb ending ない shortened to ん?

Off the top of my head I remember hearing these sentences, which I assume are just shortenings: すみません, 分からん 絶対許さん! Along with these two I've seen in sentence examples: もう我慢できん ...
15
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2answers
1k views

How similar is the Japanese spoken in Taiwan to the Japanese spoken in Japan?

I've heard that Japanese is spoken by some Taiwanese people who were old enough to have lived during Japanese rule, along with some people who've learnt it for other reasons. For younger people, I've ...
15
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1answer
14k views

What are the stereotypical characteristics of yakuza speech?

When people imitate yakuza speech, what are the major things they do to make it recognizable as such? If possible, how accurate is this compared to actual yakuza speech? I've seen mention elsewhere ...
14
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3answers
1k views

Are there any situations where かしら is considered appropriate/normal for males to use?

かしら is generally considered to be a question particle for use by females; are there any situations or dialects in which it is usable by males? I'm aware that historically, it was used by both male and ...
13
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3answers
325 views

Omission of く in negative form of い-adjective

I learnt that the negative form of い-adjective is: remove the trailing い, then add くない. Example: 赤い→赤くない However, I've been watching Japanese livestream and following her twitter. Sometimes, she omit ...
12
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2answers
340 views

苦労せん is the contracted form of what?

I'm translating a manga in which one character use a very slangy or contracted way of speaking while the others talk more standard-like. I've already encountered the stem+ん as a short form the ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

What dialects use だべ?

I feel like I hear だべ all the time (through TV and on the streets of Yokohama where I live), but I'm wondering about it's origins and modern usage.
11
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1answer
991 views

words for snail

I have seen かたつむり and でんでんむし and ででむし listed as "snail." What are the differences between these words?
11
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2answers
1k views

Do people actually look down on you if you use a regional dialect as a Gaijin?

My brother got on a scholarship to go to university in Japan, he was given a year an half language training and then had to apply to Japanese universities. I suggested he study in Osaka as I'd ...
10
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1answer
883 views

What dialect is !〜べ?

What dialect is それはねぇべ (それはないだろう)? It seems I hear it a lot from people from Chiba. Is it from a specific part of Chiba or even a wider area?
10
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1answer
407 views

Existence verbs in the Kansai Dialect

In this part of this Wikipedia article, it states In other areas such as Hyogo and Mie, いる /iru/ is hardly used and おる /oru/ does not have the negative usage. What I want to know is, does this ...
10
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1answer
306 views

Meaning of トッツケ on a house plan

Same as with my question about a Kanji I tried to identify on a bad image source, I have a katakana word I need to understand / translate. The word reads トッツケ, as marked in this image: I tried to ...
10
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2answers
299 views

Etymology of “よう” in “豆腐{とうふ}よう”

I found out there is a special kind of Okinawan tofu called 豆腐よう. According to EDIC/WWWJDIC it can also be written as "豆腐餻" and "唐芙蓉". "餻" seems to mean "cakes, pastry", but considering that this is ...
10
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1answer
819 views

Is accent position predictable for -i verbs in Osaka/Kansai?

Background While I'm not especially confident about the reliability of my sources (Wikipedia (0) (1) (2) and some guys' personal websites), and it's possible that I transcribed some of these wrong, ...
10
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1answer
349 views

What is the meaning of: 「ばえていくけん」?

The complete phrase is: 「日本中で、ばえていくけん!」. With the けん at the end, I thought it might have been something from a Kyushu dialect, but the person who said this is from Tottori. The only part I'm really ...
9
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3answers
5k views

How many dialects are commonly used today?

Which dialects would one normally encounter when visiting/living in Japan (in popular places like Tokyo, Kyoto and and so on) or reading something produced in Japan?
9
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1answer
499 views

Mukashi-banashi. Do they borrow from other current dialects in addition to older Japanese?

At my schools 日本語クラブ, we studied a 昔話 (舌切り雀), which like most of the others I've read, had some nonstandard grammatical constructions. I've heard that many of these constructions are archaic forms ...
9
votes
2answers
311 views

「ありがとうございや」 - Dialect? Train Station 言葉?

Today as I was transferring trains in Nagoya the station attendant was shouting repeatedly「ありがとうございや」. Doing a search on the internet revealed that this seems to be a shorted form of ありがとうございやした but I ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Why is ば in this sentence?

そんなトコで何ばしよる。 I'm reading a manga and from the context of the pictures I think this sentence reads, "What are you doing up there," but I have no idea what part ば plays. The character speaks in a ...
9
votes
1answer
237 views

何も言うでない ! meaning and origin

I have found this sentence in Odin Sphere. I guess it's kind of old fashion for a strong interdiction. I first thought it came from the negative form of である but it doesn't seem to be replaceable by ...
9
votes
1answer
10k views

the difference between じゃん (jan) and だろう/でしょう (darou/desho)

I would like to know what's the difference of じゃん and だろう/でしょう. the meaning I know it's similar, but when I should use each of them? Is it same to say: これはすごいじゃん! = これはすごいでしょう! = これはすごいだろう! ...
9
votes
2answers
555 views

How does the intonation of ありがとう vary between dialects?

I recall in my speaking/listening class last semester in Japan, when we were discussing proper intonation in the standard dialect, that the intonation of ありがとう varied rather widely between dialects (i....
9
votes
1answer
898 views

What are the most prominent features of Yamagata-ben?

I'll be visiting Yamagata City soon and would like to ask: as an armchair linguist what features of the local dialect to look out for? what are some common words, phrases, pronunciation differences ...
9
votes
1answer
220 views

What is the origin of the theatrical intonation used by Tokyo Disneyland's cast members?

When I had the chance to go on a Jungle Cruise at Tokyo Disneyland, I noticed the skipper talked with sprinkles of prolonged vowels and uncommon rising and falling intonation patterns. Is this "...
8
votes
3answers
950 views

What is じゃけぇ supposed to mean?

I came across this in a manga and can't figure out the meaning. I bet it's mainly used in casual conversation since the protagonist uses it during a conversation with his mother. But other than that, ...
8
votes
1answer
214 views

Can anyone confirm チックン is Kyushu-ben for チングイ and give its scientific name?

In southern Kyushu, you hear people speak of a biting bug called チックン that lurks in shallow water near beaches. Researching the word a bit comes up with the more standard term チングイ, and it appears to ...
8
votes
1answer
329 views

四つ仮名 yotugana - pronunciation difference

Many of you probably know about the so called 四{よ}つ仮名{がな}, じ ぢ ず づ, and that in standard Japanese only two different pronunciations for them exist, that is じ=ぢ=/=ず=づ. However, they used to represent ...
7
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5answers
3k views

Should I speak in the local dialect and/or accent of an area? [closed]

I'm planning to go to Tohoku for at least a week, and Lonely Planet, Wikitravel and TVTropes all mention that Tohoku-ben is a bit different from how Tokyoites would speak. TVTropes also mention that ...
7
votes
1answer
576 views

Is the Kansai あかん a negated verb?

It seems to behave like a verb, and would be the negated form of a verb あく if it were.
7
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1answer
342 views

What do the words じゃが and おるかの mean?

Here are the sentences I have found these words. 警察の者じゃが。 ジョーという少年はおるかの?
7
votes
1answer
268 views

Can hiragana & katakana “spell” the sounds of all Japonic, etc. topolects?

Japan has a lot of topolects. Most of them are all classified under Japonic. These include Ryukyuan, Hachijō, Kyūshū and obviously eastern and western Japanese. Can hiragana & katakana "spell" ...
7
votes
2answers
263 views

Questions about 背負う

背負う is pronounced せおう, but many dictionaries also list a second pronunciation as しょう. I've never heard it pronounced as しょう in practice. In what situations does it have this pronunciation? Is that ...
7
votes
1answer
343 views

What does the phrase 「あんのかないのんか」 mean?

Here is a dialog relating to the phrase A: その たったひとつの自由すらうばわれてしまったら おれには なにが のこるっていうんだい。 B: どうしたい ジョー やる気があんのかないのんか! It is said by Kansai-speaking comic character. I'm not sure if it would mean ...
7
votes
1answer
382 views

Can I get a grammatical breakdown of “通りゃんせ”?

So, I recently learned that there's this song called 「通りゃんせ」, which I guess would be familiar to all of you who have lived in Japan. The grammatical form "通りゃんせ" (and later in the song, "[下]{くだ}しゃんせ"...
7
votes
1answer
356 views

What is the etymology of パイセン?

As a slang term for [先輩]{せんぱい}, パイセン doesn't seem to be very popular. I occasionally hear it used among young people. Is it mostly a term used in Tokyo (dialectal)? Where did it come from? My ...
6
votes
1answer
386 views

Is 「やってもた」 the same as 「やってしまった」? What is the grammatical rule behind this?

I have recently seen 「やってもた」 used in a Japanese conversation, I don't remember the context exactly, but it was something like: 久々にやってもた。 After asking my Japanese friend, it turns out to be some ...
6
votes
3answers
307 views

What is the meaning of 「まちいな」?

Here is the sentence said by Kansai speaker who was capturing 2 boys who were chasing another guy. まちいな あんさんたち。 I think the word would mean 待つ with particle な emphasizing the emotion but I would ...
6
votes
3answers
458 views

Grammar and aspect of 「コーヒー飲んでき!」

I have some questions about 「コーヒー飲んでき!」 What is it a contraction of ? Is it inchoative ? In all of the examples i've found, it's an invitation to come in. But i think 「コーヒー飲んでき」can mean [ Why don'...
6
votes
3answers
715 views

The meaning of やわこく in archaic dialog

Reading a novel and there's a part of a sentence that I don't quite understand. For context, the person speaking is at a small party, being completely drunk while speaking to this fit, sober woman. ...