Questions tagged [dialects]

方言. Language and vocabulary differences between specific regions of Japan.

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15
votes
2answers
3k views

Is verb ending ない shortened to ん?

Off the top of my head I remember hearing these sentences, which I assume are just shortenings: すみません, 分からん 絶対許さん! Along with these two I've seen in sentence examples: もう我慢できん ...
21
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4answers
7k views

Pronunciation of す in です and the end of ます verbs

I've always been curious about the pronunciation of the す in です and at the end of 〜ます verbs. Most commonly the "u" sound is inaudible, but sometimes by some people it's more pronounced, and some ...
18
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1answer
7k views

わ usage at the end of sentences

What is the difference between the "わ" sentence ender used by women in general and the one that is used by both Males and females in the Kansai area? I've asked my Japanese co-workers about it ...
17
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2answers
1k views

In which dialects have the sounds “ゐ” (wi) and “ゑ” (we) been preserved, and are their kana still occasionally seen?

In Nate Glenn's answer to bdonlan's qestion "Why were ゐ and ゑ eliminated?" he states: "Wi" and "we" are still in some dialects, but standard Japanese does not have those sounds. My question is ...
9
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1answer
237 views

何も言うでない ! meaning and origin

I have found this sentence in Odin Sphere. I guess it's kind of old fashion for a strong interdiction. I first thought it came from the negative form of である but it doesn't seem to be replaceable by ...
7
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1answer
339 views

What do the words じゃが and おるかの mean?

Here are the sentences I have found these words. 警察の者じゃが。 ジョーという少年はおるかの?
16
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3answers
4k views

I don't understand what やな means at the end of a sentence…?

for example in this sentence : 久しぶりやな i don't understand "ya" and "na" can someone explain me? there's another example : いい感じやなぁ
6
votes
2answers
989 views

Function of 「masu-stem」+よる in Kansai-ben

Several years ago an acquaintance introduced me to the Hiroshima dialect and mentioned clear distinction between perfect and continuous aspects: Example 1: The bus is coming. Standard: バスが来ている。 ...
7
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2answers
263 views

Questions about 背負う

背負う is pronounced せおう, but many dictionaries also list a second pronunciation as しょう. I've never heard it pronounced as しょう in practice. In what situations does it have this pronunciation? Is that ...
10
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1answer
406 views

Existence verbs in the Kansai Dialect

In this part of this Wikipedia article, it states In other areas such as Hyogo and Mie, いる /iru/ is hardly used and おる /oru/ does not have the negative usage. What I want to know is, does this ...
9
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3answers
5k views

How many dialects are commonly used today?

Which dialects would one normally encounter when visiting/living in Japan (in popular places like Tokyo, Kyoto and and so on) or reading something produced in Japan?
6
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1answer
386 views

Is 「やってもた」 the same as 「やってしまった」? What is the grammatical rule behind this?

I have recently seen 「やってもた」 used in a Japanese conversation, I don't remember the context exactly, but it was something like: 久々にやってもた。 After asking my Japanese friend, it turns out to be some ...
6
votes
3answers
306 views

What is the meaning of 「まちいな」?

Here is the sentence said by Kansai speaker who was capturing 2 boys who were chasing another guy. まちいな あんさんたち。 I think the word would mean 待つ with particle な emphasizing the emotion but I would ...
5
votes
1answer
328 views

What does the word 「やったる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. It is said by an old man who is cooking some food and planning to give it to a younger person who is in jail. ようし わしゃあやったるぜ I am not sure if it is a shorten ...
4
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2answers
1k views

What does the word 「だまっとれ」mean?

It is in a sentence said by an old man who is speaking to a group of children. おめえらはだまっとれ! I think it should be an imperative form of 「黙る」 but I found, in an online dictionary, that the form is ...
4
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1answer
436 views

What is this colloquial / dialect form? 〜たるけんね

I'm still playing Final Fantasy VI, and I came across this bit of dialogue: マリアの頭にオモリ 落としたるけんね。 I understand it up to 落とし. Orthros is going to drop the weight on her head! I can't make heads ...
14
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3answers
1k views

Are there any situations where かしら is considered appropriate/normal for males to use?

かしら is generally considered to be a question particle for use by females; are there any situations or dialects in which it is usable by males? I'm aware that historically, it was used by both male and ...
9
votes
1answer
499 views

Mukashi-banashi. Do they borrow from other current dialects in addition to older Japanese?

At my schools 日本語クラブ, we studied a 昔話 (舌切り雀), which like most of the others I've read, had some nonstandard grammatical constructions. I've heard that many of these constructions are archaic forms ...
25
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2answers
2k views

What is the etymology behind したっけ

僕だけがいない街 anime shows the children saying したっけ! translated as 'See ya!' and other terms, these are from Hokkaido dialect. I guess you can switch したっけ to other forms to say 'See ya': じゃあまた また明日 Anyway,...
15
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1answer
14k views

What are the stereotypical characteristics of yakuza speech?

When people imitate yakuza speech, what are the major things they do to make it recognizable as such? If possible, how accurate is this compared to actual yakuza speech? I've seen mention elsewhere ...
6
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1answer
1k views

ねん in the Kansai dialect

I've heard the ねん ending a lot in 関西弁 but I'm still struggling to find when it's used. Can you use it with all kinds and conjugations of verbs? I've heard ちゃうねん over and over, but if I try to use ねん ...
10
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1answer
349 views

What is the meaning of: 「ばえていくけん」?

The complete phrase is: 「日本中で、ばえていくけん!」. With the けん at the end, I thought it might have been something from a Kyushu dialect, but the person who said this is from Tottori. The only part I'm really ...
9
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1answer
898 views

What are the most prominent features of Yamagata-ben?

I'll be visiting Yamagata City soon and would like to ask: as an armchair linguist what features of the local dialect to look out for? what are some common words, phrases, pronunciation differences ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Why is ば in this sentence?

そんなトコで何ばしよる。 I'm reading a manga and from the context of the pictures I think this sentence reads, "What are you doing up there," but I have no idea what part ば plays. The character speaks in a ...
5
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3answers
318 views

けん in 佐賀 dialect

I have encountered a number of passages with 〜けん in 佐賀のがばいばあちゃん. I'm not quite sure what it means exactly. I've seen instances where it appears to mean から and others where it appears to mean けど. I'm ...
6
votes
3answers
532 views

What does the word 「なりたかねえ」 mean?

It is said by a boy who was straddling on a running pig among other of them. せんべいになりたかねえやつあ おとなしくわきへ どいてろっ。 I think it would mean 「なりたくない」 or 'not to become'. Is it changed because of dialectal ...
5
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2answers
1k views

What does やい mean? [closed]

Someone ended their sentence with やいな. What dialect is this? What does やい mean? I assume that な means the same thing as in standard Japanese? Update: the original sentence was 「もう出来あがり?仕事はやいな~」.
5
votes
3answers
491 views

Is there a dialect where older men refer to themselves as あたし?

I remember reading that there is a dialect in which older men refer to themselves as あたし. It didn't have a feminine connotation, it may have even been a bit rough. I think I read it on Wikipedia, but ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

What does the word 「しとったんや」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. だいたいだな ジョーってやつはじぶんの腹{はら}をこやすために うちのせがれどもを利{り}用{よう}しとったんや
4
votes
3answers
3k views

What does じゃな mean?

In casual speech what does ja na mean? As in this example: 葉人をつかまえたんじゃな Googling for it only turns up results for じゃない。
4
votes
1answer
294 views

What is the implication when a girl refers to herself using “うち”? Is it meant to be more or less feminine? Neutral? Tomboyish?

I realize it is a kind of Kansai-ben but how does it compare to the other forms of "I" in terms of how they want to represent themselves?
3
votes
2answers
546 views

Is 行ってみい a dialect form of 行ってみよ?

The following dialogue is from Final Fantasy XII: さて……王宮に忍びこむ方法じゃがな。 まず5番倉庫に行ってみい。 あそこに扉が2つあるじゃろう? I bolded 行ってみい. I'm not sure what this is, and there's no dictionary entry for みい. My guess ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Readings of「乗んなかった」 and 「また来なね」

Could you please confirm the reading of what I think are two instances of a (Kansai?) dialect that I've seen in the same manga chapter today. The first one (with a context): あの車ね、結局、私が買っちゃったんだ。...
1
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1answer
297 views

What is やってけんのかな?

What does the けん mean in this sentence? Is this a dialect? やってけんのかな
0
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1answer
245 views

Meaning of いかんしょ in following sentence

In a book called 鉄道員 (ポッポヤ) I read following sentence: 俺ァ、ポッポヤだから、身うちのことでなくわけいかんしょ。 (This sentence is really only one sentence, it's his thought on something.) Notes: This ポッポヤ is an old man ...