Questions tagged [dialects]

方言. Language and vocabulary differences between specific regions of Japan.

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7
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1answer
353 views

What is the etymology of パイセン?

As a slang term for [先輩]{せんぱい}, パイセン doesn't seem to be very popular. I occasionally hear it used among young people. Is it mostly a term used in Tokyo (dialectal)? Where did it come from? My ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Meaning of this dialogue in Fukuoka dialect

A: 朝ご飯はなんだった? B: こげん大きか茶碗に水のごたまずかおかゆと、梅のあのやおか... Is ごた=こぐ(すごく) and まずかおかゆ=不味いお粥?
2
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2answers
300 views

I-Adjectives in the Kagoshima dialect

In this Wikipedia article, in the table of i-adjectives, I noticed that some of these adjectives were completely different in the Kagoshima dialect compared to Standard Japanese in a way that these ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Are 辞書形 + て and 「とらんで」 from some dialect?

I'm struggling to understand this sentence from a story I'm reading: 「あんたが心配することはない。高校ぐらいちゃんと通わせたる。それが、親の役目ってもんやないの」 おれ、高校に行ってもええのかと尋ねた息子に、母の由美子は一度、大仰に眉をひそめ、それから自分の胸をこぶしで叩き、はっきりと言い切った。 「...
1
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0answers
45 views

Usage of とwhere it seems てshould be used [duplicate]

I recently started playing Pokémon: Let's Go, Eevee! in Japanese, and I have seen this grammar come up a few times. Most recently in the following dialog. この ポケモンジムは 閉まっとる To me it seems as if the ...
0
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0answers
73 views

「~だら」という一部遠州弁の使い方

For my understanding after being told by my friend what is だら means, its like でしょう in common mean but for most of the time my friends said ら to in another expression which I cannot notice. Could you ...
5
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1answer
328 views

What does the word 「やったる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. It is said by an old man who is cooking some food and planning to give it to a younger person who is in jail. ようし わしゃあやったるぜ I am not sure if it is a shorten ...
-1
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1answer
249 views

What does はなはなはな mean in the Okinawan dialect?

What does はなはなはな mean? People were clapping and the expression was used after the karaoke song was completed. This term was used as more of a chant after the person finished singing. This expression ...
3
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1answer
211 views

What do the words 「いうない」 and 「おねんねしなさい」mean?

Here is the context including the word which a boy spoke to himself. おとなしく規則を守っておねんねしなさい...か じょうだんいうないっ いまのおれはめしを食うひまさえおしいくらいに思ってるんだ I think it should be 言わない, so 「じょうだんいわない」 would be ...
2
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0answers
95 views

Particle を with てある

Which particle, が(は)or を、 is correct to use with てある? According to my textbook, が(は)should be used. For example, ヒーターがつけてあります。 But a native Japanese speaker has told me that he'd use を instead of ...
8
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3answers
944 views

What is じゃけぇ supposed to mean?

I came across this in a manga and can't figure out the meaning. I bet it's mainly used in casual conversation since the protagonist uses it during a conversation with his mother. But other than that, ...
2
votes
2answers
315 views

Help with understanding nuances of extremely popular Kyoto-ben (?) tweet

I noticed this tweet: 京都人は「死ねどす」なんて言わない 殺した後に「死んではるわ」って言う with 70K+ retweets https://twitter.com/sc_gloom03/status/1147066611762728960 and don't quite get why it's so popular. I half-get that it's ...
3
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1answer
230 views

“z” sound, which to choose?

I've read about if "z" sound is pronounced /z/ or /dz/ and found the answer here that: Typically, though not consistently, [dz] occurs at the beginning of a word or in the middle of a word ...
5
votes
1answer
259 views

to say + tara form

I am a beginner of Japanese. Currently I've been studying for 1 month already and I am still n5. I try to watch Japanese TV as much as possible even though I don't understand what most of them say ...
1
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1answer
110 views

Is “わけわかんねーよ!” some shorten casual form of speech?

This phrase is from a jrpg set in feudal japan. Is "わけわかんねーよ!" some shortened casual form of speech? Is わかんね is short for わからない? What is the grammar for it? Is it right to translate it like "I don't ...
17
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2answers
1k views

In which dialects have the sounds “ゐ” (wi) and “ゑ” (we) been preserved, and are their kana still occasionally seen?

In Nate Glenn's answer to bdonlan's qestion "Why were ゐ and ゑ eliminated?" he states: "Wi" and "we" are still in some dialects, but standard Japanese does not have those sounds. My question is ...
2
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1answer
273 views

What is the meaning of the slang ~じゃてえ?

I'd like to know what ~じゃてえ exactly means when located at the end of verbs and/or adjectives. Do young people use it rhetorically? The whole sentence is: なのにのう ズイブンじゃてえ
5
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1answer
242 views

What does 水をこざく mean?

I was reading something and saw the following lines spoken by an old male artist: 船が、水の下の者どもに気を配っていて大海原を往けるだろうか? 芸術も、人生も、しょせん水もの… 水をこざいて浮き上がった者だけが勝つのだ! Someone else then responds: ...
4
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1answer
104 views

Weird Inflection -されていかん

I am reading Alita Battle Angel, and I came across a sentence that I do understand, but for some reason is conjugated to the negative. Please could someone break the sentence down for me? (...
3
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1answer
99 views

What しとっても means here?

陸ではのらくらしとっても水の中ではそりゃあ素早い I don't quite understand しとっても form here. I guess the whole sentence will be Even though they're slow on land, they're very quick in water. Is しとっても another form of ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

What does the word 「しとったんや」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. だいたいだな ジョーってやつはじぶんの腹{はら}をこやすために うちのせがれどもを利{り}用{よう}しとったんや
2
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1answer
123 views

ぬ in place of の

The lyrics of the song go like this: 教科書に書いてある事だけじゃわからない 大切な物がきっとここにあるはずさ それが島人ぬ宝 Why is ぬ used where の is expected? It this something Okinawan?
2
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1answer
145 views

Is 知{し}らんけど a phrase in every dialect or just kansai?

I was looking on a forum of some sorts and I saw people use 知{し}らんけど. After I looked it up, some of the results said it was from the kansai dialect. Is this common throughout or just in kansai?
10
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1answer
406 views

Existence verbs in the Kansai Dialect

In this part of this Wikipedia article, it states In other areas such as Hyogo and Mie, いる /iru/ is hardly used and おる /oru/ does not have the negative usage. What I want to know is, does this ...
1
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0answers
172 views

Words in the Kagoshima dialect

Using this Wikipedia article here, I learnt that words in Standard Japanese may encounter something called sonorant gliding while converting to Kagoshima dialect. For what is written here, these are ...
3
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1answer
795 views

叱られる時に「うるさい!」と「やかましい!」のどちらがきついですか?

辞書では意味がとても近いので、聞きたいのですが、例えば、ビニール袋などで音を立てている時に、知らないおっさんに急に「うるさい!」または、「やかましい!」って言われたら、その言葉のチョイスで叱られた感は違いますか? また、そのキツさは「あほ」と「ばか」のように地域・方言によって変わりますか?
8
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1answer
214 views

Can anyone confirm チックン is Kyushu-ben for チングイ and give its scientific name?

In southern Kyushu, you hear people speak of a biting bug called チックン that lurks in shallow water near beaches. Researching the word a bit comes up with the more standard term チングイ, and it appears to ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Where does “行かれん” come from and what are its characteristics?

Thanks to Weblio, I know that it means 行ってはいけない but I don't understand well the story with 《標準語》(that is in the definition page), its level of politeness,etc
1
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1answer
115 views

Long sentence with Kansai dialect

Once again, from a manga. A gangster explains who his gang is up against. 手を汚す程やなくても このまま立ち消えるなら それに越したことないゆう 連中もそれを助けとるらしい He speaks Kansai-ben (I think), so やなくても is じゃなくても, ないゆう is ないという ...
3
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1answer
93 views

Usage of じゃ in 西瓜を買うと、俺もあいつも好きじゃで両得じゃ

西瓜を買うと、俺もあいつも好きじゃで両得じゃ。 じゃ means then, well then. But what does じゃ in the above context? Seems the definition of then, well then can't fit in this sentence.
7
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1answer
339 views

What do the words じゃが and おるかの mean?

Here are the sentences I have found these words. 警察の者じゃが。 ジョーという少年はおるかの?
4
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1answer
113 views

What does でござんしょうな mean in 馬車はいつ出るのでござんしょうな

馬車はいつ出るのでござんしょうな Does this sentence mean "When will the horse cart come out?" But what does でござんしょうな mean here? Should this be broken down into three parts as で + ござんしょう + な? I know ございます means ...
5
votes
2answers
517 views

Meaning of 閉店ガラガラガラ in the following sentence

An American boxer has been living in Japan for 3 years. He lives in the Kansai area, so he speaks Kansai dialect. He complains that after 3 years in Japan he still hasn't fought against a really ...
3
votes
3answers
212 views

pronunciation, dialects/background: わたす、すた?

I was watching a few episodes of the anime for 魔法遣いに大切なこと and I couldn't help but notice that the main character, a girl from 岩手県 in this story, pronounced some words containing し as though they ...
19
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7answers
2k views

Except for pitch, what are the differences in pronunciation between Kansaiben and Tokyoben?

I have tried to ask people this type of question on many occasions and the answer is always the same, but people are notoriously bad at evaluating their own language, so I ask here: Apart for pitch, ...
2
votes
2answers
208 views

Question about the verb 失う [duplicate]

I came across the sentence from a Manga which I think it would be Kansai-dialect form. なんや ようわからんうちに気をうしのうてしまったが... I think that it would be volitional form so I have looked it up and found that ...
7
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1answer
268 views

Can hiragana & katakana “spell” the sounds of all Japonic, etc. topolects?

Japan has a lot of topolects. Most of them are all classified under Japonic. These include Ryukyuan, Hachijō, Kyūshū and obviously eastern and western Japanese. Can hiragana & katakana "spell" ...
5
votes
3answers
528 views

Is this use of 「こみ」 instead of 「ごみ」 in 「ごみ収集ステーション」 accidental or a variation?

In this question on the Travel SE OP is asking about こみ収集ステーション that he has seen, and provided this image of a notice on one of those from Higashidori, Aomori: The pic is blurry, but not so bad ...
0
votes
1answer
914 views

How to use 終助詞 -わ

I've looked up a lot on how to use the feminine 終助詞 "-わ", but I still don't understand concretely grammatically where it is ok and where it is incorrect. I do not use it for multiple reasons, but I ...
3
votes
2answers
314 views

meaning of みんべえ

The full sentence comes from the story of 力太郎. Here it is: 「ばあさん や。この あか で にんぎょう を つくって みんべえ。」 I understand all the words except みんべえ, which I couldn't find in my dictionary. Is this an old ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Difficulty of comprehension of Japanese in a video and identification of dialect

I came across the following video when doing research: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mlkoq4WZrTE&t=358s&authuser=1 At first I could not comprehend at all what was being said, but after ...
2
votes
2answers
240 views

what does なってしもう mean?

うち、あんたなしじゃあ生きていかれへん体になってしもうたんや。 My unsure translation: "House (うち), I become(なってしもう??) a body(体) who can't go on living(生きていかれへん) without you(あんたなし)". whats going on with the なってしもう? Is it a casual/...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What does 上 mean here?

ずるいずりい、うちのほうが上やったのに上やったのに Taking 「やった」 as 関西弁の「だった」, does this basically mean: [Not fair! I was above you.. I was above you...] or does わたしは「X」のほうが上です。 have another meaning?
16
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3answers
4k views

I don't understand what やな means at the end of a sentence…?

for example in this sentence : 久しぶりやな i don't understand "ya" and "na" can someone explain me? there's another example : いい感じやなぁ
11
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1answer
983 views

words for snail

I have seen かたつむり and でんでんむし and ででむし listed as "snail." What are the differences between these words?
5
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1answer
235 views

Question about まんず

I'm trying to translate one of the Japanese stories (currently this one: 節分の鬼) to get better understanding of the language (as I'm still a beginner, but stubborn) and the whole thing was going ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

勉強ばできん - particle ば

In Gabaibaachan, in ch. 15, at a climax in the story, the protagonist's mother finally makes an appearance and cheers him on at a running race. He calls back: 勉強ばできんばってん足が早かろうが--! "I'm a terrible ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Etymology of 「ボンボン」 meaning “green young man from a well-to-do family” in Kansai dialect

I came across this word and the most fitting definition in JMdict was the fifth one here. What does it come from? None of the 擬*語 defined in JMdict describe a "green young man from a well-to-do ...
5
votes
3answers
317 views

けん in 佐賀 dialect

I have encountered a number of passages with 〜けん in 佐賀のがばいばあちゃん. I'm not quite sure what it means exactly. I've seen instances where it appears to mean から and others where it appears to mean けど. I'm ...
6
votes
3answers
714 views

The meaning of やわこく in archaic dialog

Reading a novel and there's a part of a sentence that I don't quite understand. For context, the person speaking is at a small party, being completely drunk while speaking to this fit, sober woman. ...